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Silver russel syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529015/targeted-next-generation-sequencing-approach-in-patients-referred-for-silver-russell-syndrome-testing-increases-the-mutation-detection-rate-and-provides-decisive-information-for-clinical-management
#1
Robert Meyer, Lukas Soellner, Matthias Begemann, Severin Dicks, György Fekete, Nils Rahner, Klaus Zerres, Miriam Elbracht, Thomas Eggermann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of differential diagnoses to the mutation spectrum of patients referred for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) testing. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-seven patients referred for molecular testing for SRS were examined after exclusion of one of the SRS-associated alterations. After clinical classification, a targeted next generation sequencing approach comprising 25 genes associated with other diagnoses or postulated as SRS candidate genes was performed...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515796/genetic-heterogeneity-of-patients-with-suspected-silver-russell-syndrome-genome-wide-copy-number-analysis-in-82-patients-without-imprinting-defects
#2
Takanobu Inoue, Akie Nakamura, Tomoko Fuke, Kazuki Yamazawa, Shinichiro Sano, Keiko Matsubara, Seiji Mizuno, Yoshika Matsukura, Chie Harashima, Tatsuji Hasegawa, Hisakazu Nakajima, Kumi Tsumura, Zenro Kizaki, Akira Oka, Tsutomu Ogata, Maki Fukami, Masayo Kagami
BACKGROUND: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by pre- and postnatal growth failure and dysmorphic features. Recently, pathogenic copy number variations (PCNVs) and imprinting defects other than hypomethylation of the H19-differentially methylated region (DMR) and maternal uniparental disomy chromosome 7 have been reported in patients with the SRS phenotype. This study aimed to clarify the frequency and clinical features of patients with SRS phenotype caused by PCNVs...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508599/image-and-related-undergrowth-syndromes-the-complex-spectrum-of-gain-of-function-cdkn1c-mutations
#3
Catalina Cabrera-Salcedo, Priya Kumar, Vivian Hwa, Andrew Dauber
CDKN1C is a cyclin-dependent kinase Inhibitor and negative regulator of cellular proliferation. Recently, gain-of-function mutations in the PCNA domain of CDKN1C have been reported as the genetic basis of various growth-retarded syndromes including IMAGe syndrome, Russell Silver syndrome as well as a novel undergrowth syndrome that additionally exhibited early adulthood onset diabetes. This review summarizes the key clinical features and the molecular advances that have contributed to our understanding of this complex phenotypic spectrum...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489339/de-novo-igf2-mutation-on-the-paternal-allele-in-a-patient-with-silver-russell-syndrome-and-ectrodactyly
#4
Kaori Yamoto, Hirotomo Saitsu, Norio Nakagawa, Hisakazu Nakajima, Tatsuji Hasegawa, Yasuko Fujisawa, Masayo Kagami, Maki Fukami, Tsutomu Ogata
Although paternally expressed IGF2 is known to play a critical role in placental and body growth, only a single mutation has been found in IGF2. We identified, through whole exome sequencing, a de novo IGF2 indel mutation leading to frameshift (NM_000612.5:c.110_117delinsAGGTAA, p.(Leu37Glnfs*31)) in a patient with Silver-Russell syndrome, ectrodactyly, undermasculinized genitalia, developmental delay, and placental hypoplasia. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the mutation resided on the paternal allele by sequencing the long-PCR product harboring the mutation and methylation sensitive SmaI and SalI sites before and after SmaI/SalI digestion...
May 10, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478949/imprinted-disorders-and-growth
#5
Éloïse Giabicani, Frédéric Brioude, Yves Le Bouc, Irène Netchine
Fetal growth is a complex process. Its restriction is associated with morbidity and long-term metabolic consequences. Imprinted genes have a critical role in mammalian fetal growth. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) are two imprinting disorders with opposite fetal growth disturbance. SRS is leading to severe fetal and postnatal growth retardation with severe feeding difficulties during early childhood and long-term metabolic consequences and BWS is an overgrowth syndrome with an enhanced risk of tumors during childhood...
May 4, 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397211/-application-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-for-the-diagnosis-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-developmental-delay-and-a-normal-karytype
#6
Ting Hu, Hongmei Zhu, Zhu Zhang, Jiamin Wang, Hongqian Liu, Xuemei Zhang, Haixia Zhang, Ze Du, Lingping Li, He Wang, Shanling Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the diagnosis of children with intellectual disability/developmental delay (ID/DD) but a normal karytype. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples from 92 ID/DD patients were analyzed with CMA using Affymetrix CytoScan 750K arrays. The results were analyzed by ChAS v3.0 software. RESULTS: Eighteen cases (19.57%) were detected with abnormalities by CMA, among which 10 cases were diagnosed with microdeletion/microduplication syndromes...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363403/metabolic-signatures-in-an-adolescent-with-silver-russell-syndrome-and-outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery
#7
Héléna Mosbah, Irène Netchine, Christine Poitou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314972/-rare-diseases-with-clinical-relevance-the-silver-russell-syndrome
#8
C Neissner, C Schepp, W H Rösch
The Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare imprinting disease associated with pre- and postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial features, and asymmetry. Genitourinary abnormalities are seen in up to 20% of affected individuals. Apart from structural renal anomalies, cryptorchidism and hypospadias occur frequently in boys, while girls often have anomalies similar to those in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with congenital hypoplasia or aplasia of the uterus and upper part of the vagina. Frequently hypospadias repair and orchiopexy are difficult because of lack of buccal mucosa due to facial dysmorphism and intraabdominal position of the testicles, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217167/russell-silver-syndrome-associated-with-low-conus-medullaris
#9
Larisa Gabor, Huseyin Canaz, Gokhan Canaz, Nursu Kara, Ibrahim Alatas, Hakan Bozkus
Russell-Silver syndrome is a rare heterogeneous disorder mainly characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial disproportion, clinodactyly, variation in urogenital development, and skeletal asymmetry. It is rare to come across tethered cord-associated Russell-Silver syndrome. We report a rare case of Russell-Silver syndrome associated with low conus medullaris in a 2-year-old patient with demonstrative phenotype. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated a low conus medullaris at the inferior border of the L3 vertebral body...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001454/metabolic-health-and-long-term-safety-of-growth-hormone-treatment-in-silver-russell-syndrome
#10
Carolina C J Smeets, Judith S Renes, Manouk van der Steen, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
Context: Children with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) are born small for gestational age (SGA) and remain short. Growth hormone (GH) treatment improves height in short SGA children, including those with SRS. Data on metabolic health and long-term safety of GH treatment in SRS are lacking. Objective: To investigate metabolic health in SRS patients during and until 2 years after discontinuation of GH treatment. Design: Metabolic health was assessed longitudinally at GH-start, GH-stop, 6 months, and 2 years thereafter...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998648/russell-silver-syndrome-presenting-with-ambiguous-genitalia
#11
I-Fan Chang, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Wen-Yu Tsai, Ni-Chung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798108/behavioural-abnormalities-in-a-novel-mouse-model-for-silver-russell-syndrome
#12
Grainne Iseult McNamara, Brittany Ann Davis, Dominic Michael Dwyer, Rosalind M John, Anthony Roger Isles
Silver Russell Syndrome (SRS) syndrome is an imprinting disorder involving low birth weight with complex genetics and diagnostics. Some rare SRS patients carry maternally inherited microduplications spanning the imprinted genes CDKN1C, PHLDA2, SLC22A18 and KCNQ1, suggesting that overexpression of one of more of these genes contributes to the SRS phenotype. While this molecular alteration is very rare, feeding difficulties are a very common feature of this condition. Given that SRS children also have very low body mass index, understanding the underpinning biology of the eating disorder is important, as well as potential co-occurring behavioural alterations...
December 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701793/11p15-icr1-partial-deletions-associated-with-igf2-h19-dmr-hypomethylation-and-silver-russell-syndrome
#13
Walid Abi Habib, Frederic Brioude, Salah Azzi, Jennifer Salem, Cristina Das Neves, Claire Personnier, Sandra Chantot-Bastaraud, Boris Keren, Yves Le Bouc, Madeleine D Harbison, Irene Netchine
The 11p15 region harbors the IGF2/H19 imprinted domain, implicated in fetal and postnatal growth. Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is characterized by fetal and postnatal growth failure, and is caused principally by hypomethylation of the 11p15 imprinting control region 1 (ICR1). However, the mechanisms leading to ICR1 hypomethylation remain unknown. Maternally inherited genetic defects affecting the ICR1 domain have been associated with ICR1 hypermethylation and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (an overgrowth syndrome, the clinical and molecular mirror of SRS), and paternal deletions of IGF2 enhancers have been detected in four SRS patients...
January 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621468/humanized-h19-igf2-locus-reveals-diverged-imprinting-mechanism-between-mouse-and-human-and-reflects-silver-russell-syndrome-phenotypes
#14
Stella K Hur, Andrea Freschi, Folami Ideraabdullah, Joanne L Thorvaldsen, Lacey J Luense, Angela H Weller, Shelley L Berger, Flavia Cerrato, Andrea Riccio, Marisa S Bartolomei
Genomic imprinting affects a subset of genes in mammals, such that they are expressed in a monoallelic, parent-of-origin-specific manner. These genes are regulated by imprinting control regions (ICRs), cis-regulatory elements that exhibit allele-specific differential DNA methylation. Although genomic imprinting is conserved in mammals, ICRs are genetically divergent across species. This raises the fundamental question of whether the ICR plays a species-specific role in regulating imprinting at a given locus...
September 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612309/a-novel-igf2-h19-domain-triplication-in-the-11p15-5-imprinting-region-causing-either-beckwith-wiedemann-or-silver-russell-syndrome-in-a-single-family
#15
Dorota Jurkiewicz, Monika Kugaudo, Agata Skórka, Robert Śmigiel, Marta Smyk, Elżbieta Ciara, Krystyna Chrzanowska, Małgorzata Krajewska-Walasek
Defects of 11p15.5 imprinting result in two growth disorders with opposite phenotypes: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) characterized by overgrowth and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) associated with growth retardation. In a small group of patients with BWS and SRS, copy number variations (CNVs) involving the 11p15.5 region are observed; and their effects depend on the localization, size, and the parental mode of transmission. We report a novel IGF2/H19 domain cis-triplication in the 11p15.5 region identified in a girl with BWS and her father with symptoms of SRS...
January 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587987/silver-russell-syndrome-and-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome-opposite-phenotypes-with-heterogeneous-molecular-etiology
#16
REVIEW
Katrin Õunap
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) are 2 clinically opposite growth-affecting disorders belonging to the group of congenital imprinting disorders. The expression of both syndromes usually depends on the parental origin of the chromosome in which the imprinted genes reside. SRS is characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation with various additional clinical features such as hemihypertrophy, relative macrocephaly, fifth finger clinodactyly, and triangular facies...
July 2016: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585961/diagnosis-and-management-of-silver-russell-syndrome-first-international-consensus-statement
#17
Emma L Wakeling, Frédéric Brioude, Oluwakemi Lokulo-Sodipe, Susan M O'Connell, Jennifer Salem, Jet Bliek, Ana P M Canton, Krystyna H Chrzanowska, Justin H Davies, Renuka P Dias, Béatrice Dubern, Miriam Elbracht, Eloise Giabicani, Adda Grimberg, Karen Grønskov, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega, Alexander A Jorge, Masayo Kagami, Agnes Linglart, Mohamad Maghnie, Klaus Mohnike, David Monk, Gudrun E Moore, Philip G Murray, Tsutomu Ogata, Isabelle Oliver Petit, Silvia Russo, Edith Said, Meropi Toumba, Zeynep Tümer, Gerhard Binder, Thomas Eggermann, Madeleine D Harbison, I Karen Temple, Deborah J G Mackay, Irène Netchine
This Consensus Statement summarizes recommendations for clinical diagnosis, investigation and management of patients with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), an imprinting disorder that causes prenatal and postnatal growth retardation. Considerable overlap exists between the care of individuals born small for gestational age and those with SRS. However, many specific management issues exist and evidence from controlled trials remains limited. SRS is primarily a clinical diagnosis; however, molecular testing enables confirmation of the clinical diagnosis and defines the subtype...
February 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544718/a-novel-splice-site-mutation-of-fgd1-gene-in-an-aarskog-scott-syndrome-patient-with-a-large-anterior-fontanel
#18
Erhan Parıltay, Filiz Hazan, Esra Ataman, Korcan Demir, Özdal Etlik, Erhan Özbek, Behzat Özkan
Aarskog-Scott syndrome (ASS) is a rare X-linked recessive genetic disorder caused by FGD1 mutations. FGD1 regulates the actin cytoskeleton and regulates cell growth and differentiation by activating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling cascade. ASS is characterized by craniofacial dysmorphism, short stature, interdigital webbing and shawl scrotum. However, there is a wide phenotypic heterogeneity because of the additional clinical features. ASS and some syndromes including the autosomal dominant inherited form of Robinow syndrome, Noonan syndrome, pseudohypoparathyroidism, Silver-Russel and SHORT syndrome have some overlapping phenotypic features...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468965/silver-russell-syndrome-in-hong-kong
#19
H M Luk, K S Yeung, W L Wong, B Hy Chung, T Mf Tong, I Fm Lo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the molecular pathogenetic mechanisms, (epi)genotype-phenotype correlation, and the performance of the three clinical scoring systems-namely Netchine et al, Bartholdi et al, and Birmingham scores-for patients with Silver-Russell syndrome in Hong Kong. METHODS: This retrospective case series was conducted at two tertiary genetic clinics, the Clinical Genetic Service, Department of Health, and clinical genetic clinic in Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong...
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386972/new-clinical-and-molecular-insights-into-silver-russell-syndrome
#20
Eloïse Giabicani, Irène Netchine, Frédéric Brioude
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of review is to summarize new outcomes for the clinical characterization, molecular strategies, and therapeutic management of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). RECENT FINDINGS: Various teams have described the clinical characteristics of SRS patients by genotype. A clinical score for the definition of SRS and for orienting molecular investigations has emerged. Insulin-like growth factor 2 (a major fetal growth factor) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of SRS, as the principle molecular mechanism underlying the disease is loss of methylation of the 11p15 region, including the imprinted insulin-like growth factor 2 gene...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
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