keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urologic cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218255/oncology-section-edge-task-force-on-urogenital-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-measures-for-incontinence
#1
Alicia Jeffrey, Shana E Harrington, Alexandra Hill, Amanda Roscow, Meryl Alappattu
Background: Compared to the general population, women and men with urogenital and colorectal cancer experience higher rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Although a variety of measures exist to assess these areas, currently, there are no guidelines recommending which outcomes rehabilitation professionals should administer to examine these impairments in those with cancer. Purpose: To identify outcome measures for assessing urinary and fecal incontinence and evaluate their psychometric data and applicability to the cancer population...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212249/long-non-coding-rna-xist-promotes-cell-growth-and-metastasis-through-regulating-mir-139-5p-mediated-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-bladder-cancer
#2
Yangyang Hu, Chao Deng, He Zhang, Jing Zhang, Bo Peng, Chuanyi Hu
Bladder cancer is one of the most common urological malignancy all over the world. Recently, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) XIST has been identified as an oncogenic gene in several type of cancers. However, the expression level and functional role of XIST in bladder cancer remain largely unknown. In the present study, we found that XIST was significantly up-regulated in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines, and was correlated with poor prognosis of bladder cancer patients. Furthermore, XIST knockdown significantly inhibited bladder cancer cell growth and metastasis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211320/consensus-statements-on-the-management-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-from-the-hong-kong-urological-association-and-hong-kong-society-of-uro-oncology
#3
REVIEW
Darren Ming-Chun Poon, Chi-Kwok Chan, Tim-Wai Chan, Foon-Yiu Cheung, Philip Wai-Kay Kwong, Eric Ka-Chai Lee, Angus Kwong-Chuen Leung, Simon Yiu-Lam Leung, Wai-Kit Ma, Hing-Shing So, Po-Chor Tam, Lap-Yin Ho
OBJECTIVES: To establish a set of consensus statements to facilitate physician management strategies for patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) in Hong Kong. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A local expert consensus was organised jointly by the two main professional organisations representing prostate cancer specialists in Hong Kong. A total of 12 experts were included in the consensus panel. Six of the most crucial and relevant areas of debate regarding the management of mPC were identified...
December 6, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203991/postoperative-delirium-in-indian-patients-following-major-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-risk-factors-and-associations
#4
Vibhawari Dhakharia, Subir Sinha, Jaydip Bhaumik
Postoperative delirium (POD) is not uncommon following major abdominal surgery with its incidence ranging between five and 51%. As cancer affects disproportionately, the population older than 65 years and as delirium is more common in the elderly, surgical oncology patients are at a higher risk of developing POD. The present study was undertaken to explore the impact and associations of POD in Indian patients undergoing oncological major abdominal surgery. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records in a tertiary cancer care institution of all postoperative patients who had undergone major gastrointestinal gynaecological and urological abdominal surgery for cancer and required psycho-oncology referral was performed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203269/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-i
#5
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented herein represents Part I of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. Please refer to Part II for discussion of specific care options and outcome expectations and management...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202733/expression-of-micro-rnas-and-genes-related-to-angiogenesis-in-ccrcc-and-associations-with-tumor-characteristics
#6
Rita de Cássia Oliveira, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Nayara Izabel Viana, Ruan César Aparecido Pimenta, José Pontes Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Guimarães, Denis Reis Morais, Daniel Kanda Abe, Adriano João Nesrallah, Miguel Srougi, William Nahas, Sabrina Thalita Reis
BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer in adults. Our aim is to evaluate genes and miRNAs expression profiles involved with angiogenesis and tumor characteristics in ccRCC. METHODS: The expression levels of miRNAs miR-99a, 99b, 100; 199a; 106a; 106b; 29a; 29b; 29c; 126; 200a, 200b and their respective target genes: mTOR, HIF1-α, VHL, PDGF, VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were analyzed using qRT-PCR in tumor tissue samples from 56 patients with ccRCC...
December 4, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201500/metabesity-and-urological-cancers
#7
REVIEW
Ali Atan
Metabolic syndrome is one of today's most important health problems. Due to increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in society, studies done on this topic have increased in number. Although metabolic syndrome was previously considered to be important only for cardiovascular health, it has been learned that with new data, human health is compromised more thoroughly by metabolic syndrome and is also a danger to malignancy. As a result, a new definition in the form of metabesity has been introduced. In this review, available information on metabesity and urological cancers is presented...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199015/contemporary-prognostic-indicators-for-prostate-cancer-incorporating-international-society-of-urological-pathology-recommendations
#8
REVIEW
Lars Egevad, Brett Delahunt, Glen Kristiansen, Hemamali Samaratunga, Murali Varma
Prognostic assessment is a key element in the management of patients with prostate cancer as it informs both treatment, follow-up and outcome prediction. Tumour grade should be based upon the novel and evidence-based recommendations of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Consensus Conference of 2014, with ISUP grades 1-5 being derived from 2005 ISUP modified Gleason grading, i.e., ISUP grade 1 (3 + 3 = 6), grade 2 (3 + 4 = 7), grade 3 (4 + 3 = 7), grade 4 (3 + 5 = 8, 5 + 3 = 8, 4 + 4 = 8), and grade 5 (4 + 5 = 9 5 + 4 = 9, 5 + 5 = 10)...
November 30, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198325/ercc1-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-urothelial-cancer-treated-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Yuksel Urun, Jeffrey J Leow, Andre P Fay, Laurence Albiges, Toni K Choueiri, Joaquim Bellmunt
BACKGROUND: The predictive role of excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) as a predictive factor in patients with advanced urothelial cancer (AUC) treated with platinum-based treatment is not well defined. Here, we evaluate the role of ERCC1 in patients with AUC treated with platinum-based treatment. METHODS: We performed comprehensive, systematic computerized search to identify relevant studies through Medline, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR) databases and abstracts from American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, European Society For Medical Oncology (ESMO) and European Association of Urology (EAU) meeting up to July 2015...
December 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197959/fractures-frequently-occur-in-older-cancer-patients-the-md-anderson-cancer-center-experience
#10
Beatrice J Edwards, Ming Sun, Xiaotao Zhang, Holly M Holmes, Juhee Song, Peter Khalil, Meghan Karuturi, Jay B Shah, Colin P Dinney, Robert F Gagel, Vicente Valero, Richard E Champlin, Debasish Tripathy, William A Murphy
PURPOSE AND INTRODUCTION: A growing number of cancer patients are older adults aged 65 years and older. Patients with cancer are at increased risk for developing osteoporosis, falls, and fractures. We sought to identify the incidence of fractures in older adults who underwent cancer care between January 2013 and December 2015. METHODS: A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed, and bone densitometry was measured at baseline, with a 2-year follow-up. RESULTS: In this study, among 304 patients with gastrointestinal, urologic, breast, lung, and gynecologic cancers we evaluated, and who completed the bone density testing (n = 199), 80% had osteoporosis or low bone mass (osteopenia)...
December 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196816/extended-nursing-for-the-recovery-of-urinary-functions-and-quality-of-life-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Chunxia Wang, Zhen Song, Siheng Li, Sheng Tai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work is to explore the effects of continuing nursing care intervention on postoperative urinary control and quality of life among patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: This was a single-center, parallel, and randomized controlled trial that was carried out at the Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, China. The participants underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) between October 2014 and April 2016...
December 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194902/metastatic-prostate-cancer-incidence-in-australia-after-amendment-to-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-guidelines
#12
Sabin Smith, Philippe Wolanski
BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence of newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer at an Australian facility pre- and post-publication of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines and subsequent amendment of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Preventive Activities in General Practice guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken by patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer following transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy between 2009 and 2014...
November 30, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188201/significant-prognostic-difference-between-grade-group-4-and-5-in-the-2014-international-society-of-urological-pathology-grading-system-for-high-grade-prostate-cancer-with-bone-metastasis
#13
Yasutaka Yamada, Shinichi Sakamoto, Jun Shimazaki, Masahiro Sugiura, Yoshiyasu Amiya, Makoto Sasaki, Takayuki Shima, Akira Komiya, Noriyuki Suzuki, Koichiro Akakura, Tomohiko Ichikawa, Hiroomi Nakatsu
Background: To investigate prognostic difference between Gleason Score (GS) 8 and 9-10, as the 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology Gleason Grading Systems proposed, in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) with bone metastasis. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed data on 106 patients with GS 8-10 between 2006 and 2016. All patients received androgen deprivation therapy immediately. We validated biochemical recurrence, PCa-specific survival, and overall survival, and analyzed the predictive value for overall survival...
December 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188198/evaluation-of-the-changing-landscape-of-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-management-from-2005-to-2016
#14
Kirsten R Carlaw, Henry H Woo
Background: Approaches to prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis and treatment have evolved significantly over past decades. There has been an increasing focus on minimizing overdiagnosis and overtreatment of clinically insignificant PCa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the diagnostic approach and initial treatment strategy that has evolved over time in an Australian urological private practice. Materials and methods: Men with newly diagnosed PCa were identified from the private practice electronic and paper medical records from 2005 to 2016 and data was consolidated into six groups of 2-year intervals...
December 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185632/-local-treatment-in-oligometastatic-urological-malignancies-evidence-of-wishful-thinking
#15
Massimo Valerio, Yannick Cerantola, Ilaria Lucca, Dominik Berthold, Patrice Jichlinski
In the past, it was generally considered that the window of curability had been missed in metastatic solid cancers. At present, novel evidence suggests that oligometastatic cancer might be amenable to a multimodal curative treatment, including ablation of the primary tumour. In this article, we summarise the indications, the controversies and future perspectives of local treatment in oligometastatic urological malignancies.
November 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185631/-myths-and-reality-about-immunonutrition-in-uro-oncology
#16
Yannick Cerantola
Postoperative morbidity remains a nightmare (although vivid), both for the patient and the surgeon. One phantasmagorical idea would be to give the patient a « magic potion » preoperatively aiming at eliminating the risk of postoperative complication. The purpose of the present review is to summarize the current knowledge on the potential benefits of immunonutrition administered to urological cancers patients. After a brief summary on the role of immunity in cancer surveillance and treatment, the rationale about administrating oral nutritional supplements able to modulate the patient's immune system before cystectomy for bladder cancer will be highlighted...
November 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178899/smoking-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-relation-to-radical-cystectomy-a-qualitative-study-of-cancer-patients-experiences
#17
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Thordis Thomsen, Gudrun Kaldan, Line Noes Lydom, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: Despite smoking and risky alcohol drinking being modifiable risk factors for cancer as well as postoperative complications, perioperative cessation counselling is often ignored. Little is known about how cancer patients experience smoking and alcohol interventions in relation to surgery. Therefore the aim of this study was to explore how bladder cancer patients experience a perioperative smoking and alcohol cessation intervention in relation to radical cystectomy. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in two urology out-patient clinics...
November 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174817/-bladder-cancer-in-neurogenic-patients-a-retrospective-study-of-management-and-follow-up
#18
P Ali, C Lefevre, B Perrouin-Verbe, L Le Normand, J Rigaud, O Bouchot, A Levesque, M-A Perrouin-Verbe
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of bladder cancer (BC) in neurological patients seems to be similar to that of the general population. However, they are more aggressive with a higher rate of muscle-invasive forms and squamous cells carcinomas. The aim of the current study was to report etiologies, management and outcomes of BC in neurological population. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Were enrolled all neurological patients with a BC diagnosed between 2004 and 2017. The following data were retrospectively reported: age, gender, duration of the disease, mode of discovery, histological type, treatment and outcomes...
November 22, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174485/navigation-of-fluorescence-cameras-during-soft-tissue-surgery-is-it-possible-to-use-a-single-navigation-setup-for-various-open-and-laparoscopic-urological-surgery-applications
#19
Matthias N van Oosterom, Philippa Meershoek, Gijs H KleinJan, Kees Hendricksen, Nassir Navab, Cornelis J H van de Velde, Henk G van der Poel, Fijs W B van Leeuwen
PURPOSE: Providing real-time visualization, fluorescence imaging can guide surgeons during tissue resection. Unfortunately, tissue-induced signal-attenuation limits the value of this technique to superficial applications. By positioning the fluorescence camera via a dedicated navigation setup we reason the technology can be made compatible with deeper lying lesions, increasing its impact on clinical care. Such impact would benefit from the ability to implement the navigation technology in different surgical settings...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171098/can-bladder-preservation-therapy-come-to-the-center-stage
#20
REVIEW
Teruo Inamoto, Naokazu Ibuki, Kazumasa Komura, Hiroshi Juri, Kiyohito Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Kazutoshi Fujita, Norio Nonomura, Yoshifumi Narumi, Haruhito Azuma
Decision-making in urological cancer care requires a multidisciplinary approach for refinement, but its impact on urothelial carcinoma of the bladder has not been fully addressed for the past three decades, except for the latest immunological checkpoint inhibitor approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer that is resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy. For the time being, radical cystectomy is the gold standard of curative therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
keyword
keyword
75195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"