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peritoneal dialysis children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396941/effect-of-the-timing-of-dialysis-initiation-on-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-%C3%A4-nflammation-in-pediatric-patients
#1
Sevcan A Bakkaloğlu, Yaşar Kandur, Erkin Serdaroğlu, Aytül Noyan, Aysun Karabay Bayazıt, Lale Sever, Sare Gülfem Özlü, Gül Özçelik, İsmail Dursun, Caner Alparslan
BACKGROUND: The optimal time for dialysis initiation in adults and children with chronic kidney disease remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dialysis timing on different outcome parameters, in particular left ventricular (LV) morphology and inflammation, in pediatric patients receiving peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric dialysis patients who were followed-up in nine pediatric nephrology centers in Turkey between 2008 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 10, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366347/sleep-disturbance-in-pediatric-patients-on-automated-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Cláudia Gomes, Lia Oliveira, Rosário Ferreira, Carla Simão
OBJECTIVE: There are few reports describing sleep disturbance (SD) in children on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD), and they are mostly based on the application of questionnaires. As far as we know, only two studies used polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for the diagnosis of SD. This is the first study assessing SD in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on APD in our country. METHODS: This was an observational and descriptive study. Children up to 18 years of age who had undergone APD for a minimum of three months were considered eligible...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361230/acute-kidney-injury-and-fluid-overload-in-infants-and-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#3
David M Kwiatkowski, Catherine D Krawczeski
Acute kidney injury is a common and serious complication after congenital heart surgery, particularly among infants. This comorbidity has been independently associated with adverse outcomes including an increase in mortality. Postoperative acute kidney injury has a complex pathophysiology with many risk factors, and therefore no single medication or therapy has been demonstrated to be effective for treatment or prevention. However, it has been established that the associated fluid overload is one of the major determinants of morbidity, particularly in infants after cardiac surgery...
March 30, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318621/early-peritoneal-dialysis-reduces-lung-inflammation-in-mice-with-ischemic-acute-kidney-injury
#4
Chris Altmann, Nilesh Ahuja, Carol M Kiekhaefer, Ana Andres Hernando, Kayo Okamura, Rhea Bhargava, Jane Duplantis, Lara A Kirkbride-Romeo, Jill Huckles, Benjamin M Fox, Kashfi Kahn, Danielle Soranno, Hyo-Wook Gil, Isaac Teitelbaum, Sarah Faubel
Although dialysis has been used in the care of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) for over 50 years, very little is known about the potential benefits of uremic control on systemic complications of AKI. Since the mortality of AKI requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is greater than half in the intensive care unit, a better understanding of the potential of RRT to improve outcomes is urgently needed. Therefore, we sought to develop a technically feasible and reproducible model of RRT in a mouse model of AKI...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288230/-somatotropic-axis-and-molecular-markers-of-mineral-metabolism-in-children-undergoing-chronic-peritoneal-dialysis
#5
María Luisa Ceballos Osorio, Francisco Cano Schuffeneger
Growth failure is one of the most relevant complications in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Among others, growth hormone (GH) resistance and bone mineral disorders have been identified as the most important causes of growth retardation. OBJECTIVES: 1. To characterize bone mineral metabolism and growth hormone bio-markers in CKD children treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). 2. To evaluate height change with rhGH treatment. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A longitudinal 12-month follow-up in prepuberal PD children...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270642/kidney-disease-profile-of-syrian-refugee-children
#6
Mehtap Akbalik Kara, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, Nilgun Col, Ayse Aysima Ozcelik, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
INTRODUCTION: Although preventative nephrology is the effective management of childhood kidney diseases, it is hard to provide it in this undesirable conditions. In this study, we aimed to document the kidney disease profile of Syrian refugee children admitted to our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty Syrian refugee children were admitted to the Pediatric Nephrology Department of the University of Gaziantep from September 2012 to January 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260444/pediatric-kidney-transplant-experience-at-an-algerian-nephrology-department
#7
Ali Benziane, Saliha Boutennoune
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes, complications, causes of graft loss, and patient and graft survival in pediatric renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using the records of 32 children who had a renal transplant between February 2007 and October 2014. RESULTS: All donations were intrafamily, and all patients had a living donor: the patient's mother in 56.3%, the father in 40.6%, and a brother in 3...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244636/ascitic-fluid-drainage-using-a-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-to-prevent-and-treat-multi-organ-dysfunction-in-veno-occlusive-disease-in-children-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Vijal Parmar, Malcolm Lewis, Mohan Shenoy, Denise Bonney, Robert Wynn
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD), or sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, is a well-recognised, serious complication associated with the chemotherapy conditioning therapy used in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Fluid management is typically challenging in children with this condition. We describe effective early use of peritoneal dialysis catheters to drain extravascular, intra-abdominal fluid in children with VOD, allowing intravascular fluid administration to preserve renal perfusion and function, preventing multi-organ dysfunction...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215492/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-body-composition-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
Consuelo Pontón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and consecutive study that included 55 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease who were undergoing replacement therapy (22 PD patients and 33 HD patients). Two 24-hour dietary recall surveys were conducted for each patient...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213931/successful-resumption-of-peritoneal-dialysis-following-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#10
Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Akinari Fukuda, Mai Sato, Shingo Ishimori, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Takanobu Shigeta, Vidyadhar Padmakar Mali, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kenji Ishikura, Mureo Kasahara
Children with ESRD in need of RRT are commonly managed by PD due to difficulty with vascular access for HD and the relatively large extracorporeal blood volume required. Major abdominal surgery may result in injury to the peritoneum and consequent adhesion, thereby resulting in a reduction in the anatomical capacity and transport capability across the peritoneal membrane. Here, we report successful resumption of PD after LDLT in two pediatric patients. The causes of ESRD were PH1 and juvenile nephronophthisis, respectively...
May 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199756/factors-associated-with-reduction-of-left-ventricular-mass-in-children-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#11
Jeong Jin Yu, Hyun Ok Jun, Eun Jung Shin, Jae Suk Baek, Joo Hoon Lee, Young-Hwue Kim, Young Seo Park, Jae-Kon Ko
AIM: This study aimed to investigate sensitive factors involved in left ventricular mass reduction in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects on peritoneal dialysis were enrolled. Two successive echocardiographic and clinical data for each subject were obtained. Blood pressure and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were indexed through a division with the normal 95(th) percentile value. Differences in numeric data between two datasets were calculated...
February 15, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089477/bioimpedance-and-fluid-status-in-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-dialysis
#12
Gregorio P Milani, Jaap W Groothoff, Federica A Vianello, Emilio F Fossali, Fabio Paglialonga, Alberto Edefonti, Carlo Agostoni, Dario Consonni, Dewi van Harskamp, Johannes B van Goudoever, Henk Schierbeek, Michiel J S Oosterveld
BACKGROUND: Assessment of hydration status in patients with chronic kidney failure treated by dialysis is crucial for clinical management decisions. Dilution techniques are considered the gold standard for measurement of body fluid volumes, but they are unfit for day-to-day care. Multifrequency bioimpedance has been shown to be of help in clinical practice in adults and its use in children and adolescents has been advocated. We investigated whether application of multifrequency bioimpedance is appropriate for total-body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurement in children and adolescents on dialysis therapy...
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060690/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-experience-of-a-nephrology-and-renal-transplantation-pediatric-unit
#13
Sofia Deuchande, Tânia Mano, Cristina Novais, Rute Machado, Rosário Stone, Margarida Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal dialysis is the dialytic method of choice in chronic end-stage renal disease in children. This study main purpose was to characterize the long-term survival of a pediatric population who began peritoneal dialysis within the first two years of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study was performed in a portuguese nephrology and renal transplantation pediatric unit, between January 1991 and August 2014. End-stage renal disease etiology, mortality, comorbidities and complications of peritoneal dialysis and end-stage renal disease, growth and psychomotor development were evaluated...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951558/evolution-of-technology-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-forty-years-of-improvements
#14
Claudio Ronco
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) was proposed in 1977 as an alternative treatment for acute renal failure in patients in whom peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis was clinically or technically precluded. In the mid-1980s, this technique was extended to infants and children. CAVH presented important advantages in the areas of hemodynamic stability, control of circulating volume, and nutritional support. However, there were serious shortcomings such as the need for arterial cannulation and limited solute clearance...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942170/end-stage-renal-disease-in-tunisian-infants-etiology-and-outcome
#15
M Jellouli, A Boussetta, K Abidi, Y Hammi, C Zarrouk, T Gargah
End stage renal disease (ESRD) in infants has particular features in terms of etiologies and therapeutic modalities. The aim of our study is to describe the etiologies and the ESRD outcomes among Tunisian infants. This retrospective study was conducted over 15 years (from January 1998 to December 31, 2013) in the Pediatric Department at Charles Nicolle Hospital. In total, 157 pediatric patients had ESRD. The mean incidence was 4.25 million children. The study involved 24 infants; the sex ratio was equal to 2...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941742/experience-of-percutaneous-versus-surgically-placed-catheter-for-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-v
#16
S Afroz, T Ferdaus, S A Khondokar, M H Khan, M Hanif
The lifespan and outcome of end stage renal disease (ESRD) children have dramatically improved since the development of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), it offers several advantages over hemodialysis. Percutaneous placement of CAPD catheters in children is minimally invasive, reliable, safe and cost-effective method. Percutaneous method of CAPD catheter insertion can be used in children to avoid the complications of general anesthesia and surgery. This study was done to evaluate the efficacy of CAPD in children, to find out the complication profile of CAPD & to compare the advantages of surgical versus percutaneously placed CAPD catheters in children...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903853/intraperitoneal-calcitriol-for-treatment-of-severe-hyperparathyroidism-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-therapy-forgotten
#17
Rahul Chanchlani, Susan Ackerman, Elizabeth Piva, Elizabeth Harvey
Active Vitamin D sterols such as calcitriol and alfacalcidol are quite effective in the treatment of mineral bone disease secondary to chronic kidney disease. However, some children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) are resistant to oral formulations of active Vitamin D, and use of an intravenous formulation in such patients is inconvenient. In these children, intraperitoneal (IP) calcitriol has been shown to be effective in the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, its use has declined. We report 2 children, aged 1 and 9...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899416/peritoneal-dialysis-access-revision-in-children-causes-interventions-and-outcomes
#18
Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, T Fazil Aki, Marta Azocar, Colin White, Elizabeth Harvey, Sevgi Mir, Marta Adragna, Erkin Serdaroglu, Rajiv Sinha, Charlotte Samaille, Juan Jose Vanegas, Jameela Kari, Lorena Barbosa, Arvind Bagga, Monica Galanti, Onder Yavascan, Giovanna Leozappa, Maria Szczepanska, Karel Vondrak, Kei-Chiu Tse, Franz Schaefer, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little published information is available about access failure in children undergoing chronic peritoneal dialysis. Our objectives were to evaluate frequency, risk factors, interventions, and outcome of peritoneal dialysis access revision. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were derived from 824 incident and 1629 prevalent patients from 105 pediatric nephrology centers enrolled in the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry between 2007 and 2015...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850947/1311-impact-of-septicemia-on-outcomes-in-hospitalized-children-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846250/reduced-microvascular-density-in-omental-biopsies-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Dorothea Burkhardt, Maria Bartosova, Betti Schaefer, Niels Grabe, Bernd Lahrmann, Hamoud Nasser, Christian Freise, Axel Schneider, Anja Lingnau, Petra Degenhardt, Bruno Ranchin, Peter Sallay, Rimante Cerkauskiene, Michal Malina, Gema Ariceta, Claus Peter Schmitt, Uwe Querfeld
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is an early manifestation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and consistently observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that CKD is associated with systemic damage to the microcirculation, preceding macrovascular pathology. To assess the degree of "uremic microangiopathy", we have measured microvascular density in biopsies of the omentum of children with CKD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Omental tissue was collected from 32 healthy children (0-18 years) undergoing elective abdominal surgery and from 23 age-matched cases with stage 5 CKD at the time of catheter insertion for initiation of peritoneal dialysis...
2016: PloS One
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