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caries, primary dentition ECC

Lawrence D Robertson, Eugenio Beltrán-Aguilar, Ananda Dasanayake, Kathy R Phipps, John J Warren, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVES: Caries in the primary dentition (CIPD) has a high prevalence in U.S. children compared to other diseases, with substantial disparities among different population groups. Few reports correlate CIPD prevalence with clinical impairment of children's quality of life, such as tooth pain, speech delay or trauma to the child from operative restorations, which we collectively term morbidity. Likewise, current case definitions (ECC, S-ECC) and disease metrics (mean dmfs/dmft) are not helpful in assessing morbidity for individual or groups of children...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Jakub Kastovsky, Michaela Bartosova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is a multifactorial, infectious disease where genetic predisposition plays an important role. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has very recently been associated with caries in Polish children. The aim of this study was to analyze ACE I/D polymorphism in a group of caries-free children versus subjects affected by dental caries in the Czech population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 182 caries-free children (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, DMFT = 0), 561 subjects with dental caries (DMFT ≥1) aged 13-15 years and 220 children aged 2-6 years with early childhood caries (ECC, dmft ≥1) were included...
2016: Caries Research
Katrin Grund, Inka Goddon, Ina M Schüler, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
BACKGROUND: About half of all carious lesions in primary teeth of German 6- to 7-year-old children remain untreated, but no data regarding the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries are available. Therefore, this cross-sectional observational study aimed to assess the prevalence and experience of caries and odontogenic infections in the primary dentition of 5- and 8-year-old German children. METHODS: Dental examinations were performed in 5-year-old pre-school children (n = 496) and in 8-year-old primary school children (n = 608) living in the Westphalian Ennepe-Ruhr district...
2015: BMC Oral Health
Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ana Regina Romano, Marcos Britto Correa, Iná da Silva dos Santos, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci
Early childhood caries (ECC) in the primary dentition of preschoolers remains high. Young children have limited access to oral healthcare, and oral health education (OHE) measures can be a valuable tool to prevent caries in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an early educational intervention on ECC prevention. The study group (SG) comprised 271 children aged 0-12 months and their mothers, who attended 12 selected public health centers (PHC). The SG received oral health instructions from a pamphlet and by verbal explanation of some topics...
2015: Brazilian Oral Research
Chen Ma, Feng Chen, Yifei Zhang, Xiangyu Sun, Peiyuan Tong, Yan Si, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) has become a prevalent public health problem among Chinese preschool children. The bacterial microflora is considered to be an important factor in the formation and progress of dental caries. However, high-throughput and large-scale studies of the primary dentition are lacking. The present study aimed to compare oral microbial profiles between children with severe ECC (SECC) and caries-free children. METHODS: Both saliva and supragingival plaque samples were obtained from children with SECC (n = 20) and caries-free children (n = 20) aged 3 to 4 years...
2015: PloS One
S Kneist, A Borutta, B W Sigusch, S Nietzsche, H Küpper, M Kostrzewa, A Callaway
AIM: To determine those organisms of the genus Candida associated with dental caries by investigating samples from active carious lesions. Within the genus Candida, the species Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis are capable of forming chlamydospores and germ tubes. Until it became possible in 1995 to differentiate between the two species taxonomically, C. dubliniensis was falsely identified as C. albicans. Whilst the importance of C. albicans for rapidly progressing early childhood caries (ECC) has been recognised, so far there have been only reports about C...
August 2015: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Zerrin Abbasoğlu, İlknur Tanboğa, Erika Calvano Küchler, Kathleen Deeley, Megan Weber, Cigdem Kaspar, May Korachi, Alexandre R Vieira
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a chronic, infectious disease that affects the primary dentition of young children. It is the result of an imbalance of risk factors and protective factors that influence the disease. The aim of this study was to assess genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to ECC. Two hundred and fifty-nine unrelated children were evaluated using a cross-sectional design. Data on oral habits were obtained through a questionnaire, and caries experience data were collected by clinical examination...
2015: Caries Research
Kenneth Gilbert, Raphael Joseph, Alex Vo, Trusha Patel, Samiya Chaudhry, Uyen Nguyen, Amy Trevor, Erica Robinson, Margaret Campbell, John McLennan, Farielle Houran, Tristan Wong, Kendra Flann, Melissa Wages, Elizabeth A Palmer, John Peterson, John Engle, Tom Maier, Curtis A Machida
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mutans streptococci (MS) are one of the major microbiological determinants of dental caries. The objectives of this study are to identify distinct MS and non-MS streptococci strains that are located at carious sites and non-carious enamel surfaces in children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC), and assess if cariogenic MS and non-cariogenic streptococci might independently exist as primary bacterial strains on distinct sites within the dentition of individual children...
2014: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Robert J Schroth, Christopher Lavelle, Robert Tate, Sharon Bruce, Ronald J Billings, Michael E K Moffatt
OBJECTIVES: Inadequate maternal vitamin D (assessed by using 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25OHD]) levels during pregnancy may affect tooth calcification, predisposing enamel hypoplasia and early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between prenatal 25OHD concentrations and dental caries among offspring during the first year of life. METHODS: This prospective cohort study recruited expectant mothers from an economically disadvantaged urban area...
May 2014: Pediatrics
Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Suzane Paixão-Gonçalves, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The determination of risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC) is important to the implementation of preventive and restorative measures. However, few studies have addressed the association between ECC and developmental defects of enamel (DDE). AIMS: To investigate the association between DDE and ECC, controlling for socioeconomic factors and the presence of dental plaque. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 387 children aged two to 5 years during the National Immunisation Day held in 2010 in Diamantina, Brazil...
March 2015: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ray Masumo, Asgeir Bårdsen, Anne Nordrehaug Astrøm
BACKGROUND: Children with low birth weight show an increased prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in the primary dentition that subsequently may predispose to early childhood caries (ECC).Focusing 6-36 months old, the purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of enamel defects in the primary dentition and identify influences of early life course factors; socio-demographics, birth weight, child's early illness episodes and mothers' perceived size of the child at birth, whilst controlling for more recent life course events in terms of current breastfeeding and oral hygiene...
2013: BMC Oral Health
Hakan Colak, Coruh T Dülgergil, Mehmet Dalli, Mehmet Mustafa Hamidi
Dental caries (decay) is an international public health challenge, especially amongst young children. Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in both developing and industrialized countries. ECC can begin early in life, progresses rapidly in those who are at high risk, and often goes untreated. Its consequences can affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child's family and can have significant social and economic consequences beyond the immediate family as well. ECC can be a particularly virulent form of caries, beginning soon after dental eruption, developing on smooth surfaces, progressing rapidly, and having a lasting detrimental impact on the dentition...
January 2013: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
David Finucane
Early childhood caries (ECC) has consequences, affectng both the child's dental health and his/her general health. This paper reviews the literature regarding ECC and its consequences (pain, sepsis, space loss, disruption to quality of life, failure to thrive, effects on intellectual development, greater risk of new carious Iesions in both primary and permanent dentitions, higher incidence of hospitailisation and emergency visits, and increased treatment costs and time). The effects of treatment of ECC are aIso reviewed, and concerns regarding purported associations between treatment of ECC and dental anxiety are addressed...
February 2012: Journal of the Irish Dental Association
Ivan Tusek, Momir Carević, Jasmina Tusek
BACKGROUND/AIM: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a special form of caries in primary dentition that affect teeth after eruption, with rapid progression, later symptomatology and numerous complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of ECC among different ethnic groups of preschool children in the South Backa District. METHODS: The survey was performed as a cross-sectional analytical study on the sample of preschool children of both sexes and different ethnic groups in the South Backa District...
December 2012: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Francisco Ramos-Gomez
SUBJECTS: In 2002, women (n = 649) expecting their first child were enrolled in a study to prevent severe early childhood caries (S-ECC). Women were randomized into an intervention group (n = 327) and a control group (n = 322), and both groups were followed for 20 months. Results from this early follow-up period have been published elsewhere.(1) In 2008, 625 of the women were approached for long-term follow-up (n = 312 from the initial intervention group and 313 from the initial control group)...
September 2012: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
D Finucane
BACKGROUND: The literature regarding dental and systemic effects of Early Childhood Caries (ECC), consequences of leaving carious primary teeth untreated, benefits of appropriate treatment, and concerns regarding dental treatment of young children and the potential for dental anxiety, is reviewed. ECC has consequences, affecting both the child's dental health and his/her general health. This paper reviews the literature regarding ECC and its consequences (pain, sepsis, space loss, disruption to quality of life, failure to thrive, effects on intellectual development, greater risk of new carious lesions in both primary and permanent dentitions, higher incidence of hospitalisation and emergency visits, and increased treatment costs and time)...
December 2012: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Mostafa Sadeghi, Reza Darakhshan, Ali Bagherian
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of preschool children. The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible association between ECC with serum iron and serum ferritin levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following the ethical approval, 204 children aged 24-71 months were recruited for a double-blind, randomized cross-sectional study. Each child was examined clinically for dental caries using the World Health Organization criteria in Rafsanjan, Iran...
May 2012: Dental Research Journal
P W Caufield, Y Li, T G Bromage
We propose a new classification of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC): hypoplasia-associated severe early childhood caries (HAS-ECC). This form of caries affects mostly young children living at or below poverty, characterized by structurally damaged primary teeth that are particularly vulnerable to dental caries. These predisposing developmental dental defects are mainly permutations of enamel hypoplasia (EHP). Anthropologists and dental researchers consider EHP an indicator for infant and maternal stresses including malnutrition, a variety of illnesses, and adverse birthing conditions...
June 2012: Journal of Dental Research
Ipseeta Menon, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Gayathri Ramesh, Mridula Tak
BACKGROUND.  The health and well-being of children are linked to their parents' physical, emotional and social health in addition to child-rearing practices. OBJECTIVES.  To investigate the association of parental stress as a risk indicator to early childhood caries (ECC) prevalence among preschool children of Moradabad, India. METHODS.  A case-control study was conducted among 800 preschool children [400 cases (caries active) and 400 controls (caries free)] aged 4-5 years along with their parents. Using the Parental Stress Index-Short Form (PSI/SF), we determined the stress of primary caregivers of young children...
May 2013: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
H M Wong, C P J McGrath, N M King, E C M Lo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of early childhood caries (ECC) on the quality of life in a population of preschool children and their families in Hong Kong. METHODS: A random sample of 1,296 Chinese preschool children participated in the survey and were subjected to an oral examination for their ECC status by 2 trained examiners. The parents were asked to respond to the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and an extra set of questions concerning their sociodemographic background...
2011: Caries Research
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