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caries, primary dentition ECC

Julia Winter, Birgit Bartsch, Claudia Schütz, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Since early childhood caries (ECC) is a major disease in the public health sector, an interdisciplinary prevention concept to avert this disease was developed, launched in a project region, and evaluated. It was examined whether the emergence of ECC could be prevented or curbed with the newly developed program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program encompasses seven pulses of information from an interdisciplinary team (gynecologists, midwives, pediatricians, dentists, municipal social services, and the public health office)...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Marcos Ximenes, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Thaisa Cezária Triches, Mariane Cardoso, Ricardo de Souza Vieira
PURPOSE: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC)...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
May 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Jakub Kastovsky, Petra Borilova Linhartova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between BMP2 (rs1884302) and DLX3 (rs2278163) gene polymorphisms and dental caries in primary and permanent dentitions. A total of 914 subjects were genotyped by the TaqMan methods: 176 caries-free children (with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth, DMFT = 0), 542 patients with dental caries in permanent dentition (DMFT ≥1), 83 caries-free children with primary teeth (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0), and 113 children with early childhood caries (ECC, dmft ≥1)...
October 24, 2017: Caries Research
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
Madhu Kakanur, Mihir Nayak, Sandyadevi S Patil, Rachna Thakur, Santhosh T Paul, Nisha Tewathia
CONTEXT: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5 years in Bengaluru city...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Jinfeng Liu, Hongwei Wu, Wei Wang
Early childhood tooth problems are associated with variations in intrauterine and postnatal growth. Both premature and delayed timing of this physiological process might be a manifestation of local and/or systemic alterations. Presently, most clinicians agree that teething does not serious cause life taking pathological state, however, they disagree about reasons responsible for tooth eruption. The distinctive clinical presentation of dental caries in infants and toddlers, which is often known as early childhood caries (ECC), and are influenced by the eruption sequence of the primary dentition...
March 27, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
Lawrence D Robertson, Eugenio Beltrán-Aguilar, Ananda Dasanayake, Kathy R Phipps, John J Warren, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVES: Caries in the primary dentition (CIPD) has a high prevalence in U.S. children compared to other diseases, with substantial disparities among different population groups. Few reports correlate CIPD prevalence with clinical impairment of children's quality of life, such as tooth pain, speech delay or trauma to the child from operative restorations, which we collectively term morbidity. Likewise, current case definitions (ECC, S-ECC) and disease metrics (mean dmfs/dmft) are not helpful in assessing morbidity for individual or groups of children...
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Jakub Kastovsky, Michaela Bartosova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is a multifactorial, infectious disease where genetic predisposition plays an important role. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has very recently been associated with caries in Polish children. The aim of this study was to analyze ACE I/D polymorphism in a group of caries-free children versus subjects affected by dental caries in the Czech population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 182 caries-free children (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, DMFT = 0), 561 subjects with dental caries (DMFT ≥1) aged 13-15 years and 220 children aged 2-6 years with early childhood caries (ECC, dmft ≥1) were included...
2016: Caries Research
Katrin Grund, Inka Goddon, Ina M Schüler, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
BACKGROUND: About half of all carious lesions in primary teeth of German 6- to 7-year-old children remain untreated, but no data regarding the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries are available. Therefore, this cross-sectional observational study aimed to assess the prevalence and experience of caries and odontogenic infections in the primary dentition of 5- and 8-year-old German children. METHODS: Dental examinations were performed in 5-year-old pre-school children (n = 496) and in 8-year-old primary school children (n = 608) living in the Westphalian Ennepe-Ruhr district...
2015: BMC Oral Health
Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ana Regina Romano, Marcos Britto Correa, Iná da Silva dos Santos, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci
Early childhood caries (ECC) in the primary dentition of preschoolers remains high. Young children have limited access to oral healthcare, and oral health education (OHE) measures can be a valuable tool to prevent caries in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an early educational intervention on ECC prevention. The study group (SG) comprised 271 children aged 0-12 months and their mothers, who attended 12 selected public health centers (PHC). The SG received oral health instructions from a pamphlet and by verbal explanation of some topics...
2015: Brazilian Oral Research
Chen Ma, Feng Chen, Yifei Zhang, Xiangyu Sun, Peiyuan Tong, Yan Si, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) has become a prevalent public health problem among Chinese preschool children. The bacterial microflora is considered to be an important factor in the formation and progress of dental caries. However, high-throughput and large-scale studies of the primary dentition are lacking. The present study aimed to compare oral microbial profiles between children with severe ECC (SECC) and caries-free children. METHODS: Both saliva and supragingival plaque samples were obtained from children with SECC (n = 20) and caries-free children (n = 20) aged 3 to 4 years...
2015: PloS One
S Kneist, A Borutta, B W Sigusch, S Nietzsche, H Küpper, M Kostrzewa, A Callaway
AIM: To determine those organisms of the genus Candida associated with dental caries by investigating samples from active carious lesions. Within the genus Candida, the species Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis are capable of forming chlamydospores and germ tubes. Until it became possible in 1995 to differentiate between the two species taxonomically, C. dubliniensis was falsely identified as C. albicans. Whilst the importance of C. albicans for rapidly progressing early childhood caries (ECC) has been recognised, so far there have been only reports about C...
August 2015: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Zerrin Abbasoğlu, İlknur Tanboğa, Erika Calvano Küchler, Kathleen Deeley, Megan Weber, Cigdem Kaspar, May Korachi, Alexandre R Vieira
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a chronic, infectious disease that affects the primary dentition of young children. It is the result of an imbalance of risk factors and protective factors that influence the disease. The aim of this study was to assess genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to ECC. Two hundred and fifty-nine unrelated children were evaluated using a cross-sectional design. Data on oral habits were obtained through a questionnaire, and caries experience data were collected by clinical examination...
2015: Caries Research
Kenneth Gilbert, Raphael Joseph, Alex Vo, Trusha Patel, Samiya Chaudhry, Uyen Nguyen, Amy Trevor, Erica Robinson, Margaret Campbell, John McLennan, Farielle Houran, Tristan Wong, Kendra Flann, Melissa Wages, Elizabeth A Palmer, John Peterson, John Engle, Tom Maier, Curtis A Machida
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mutans streptococci (MS) are one of the major microbiological determinants of dental caries. The objectives of this study are to identify distinct MS and non-MS streptococci strains that are located at carious sites and non-carious enamel surfaces in children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC), and assess if cariogenic MS and non-cariogenic streptococci might independently exist as primary bacterial strains on distinct sites within the dentition of individual children...
2014: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Robert J Schroth, Christopher Lavelle, Robert Tate, Sharon Bruce, Ronald J Billings, Michael E K Moffatt
OBJECTIVES: Inadequate maternal vitamin D (assessed by using 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25OHD]) levels during pregnancy may affect tooth calcification, predisposing enamel hypoplasia and early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between prenatal 25OHD concentrations and dental caries among offspring during the first year of life. METHODS: This prospective cohort study recruited expectant mothers from an economically disadvantaged urban area...
May 2014: Pediatrics
Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Suzane Paixão-Gonçalves, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The determination of risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC) is important to the implementation of preventive and restorative measures. However, few studies have addressed the association between ECC and developmental defects of enamel (DDE). AIMS: To investigate the association between DDE and ECC, controlling for socioeconomic factors and the presence of dental plaque. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 387 children aged two to 5 years during the National Immunisation Day held in 2010 in Diamantina, Brazil...
March 2015: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ray Masumo, Asgeir Bårdsen, Anne Nordrehaug Astrøm
BACKGROUND: Children with low birth weight show an increased prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in the primary dentition that subsequently may predispose to early childhood caries (ECC).Focusing 6-36 months old, the purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of enamel defects in the primary dentition and identify influences of early life course factors; socio-demographics, birth weight, child's early illness episodes and mothers' perceived size of the child at birth, whilst controlling for more recent life course events in terms of current breastfeeding and oral hygiene...
2013: BMC Oral Health
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