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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793112/social-representations-of-older-adults-regarding-quality-of-life
#1
Marielle Cristina Gonçalves Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira
Objective: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746571/insufficient-free-time-physical-activity-and-occupational-factors-in-brazilian-public-school-teachers
#2
Douglas Fernando Dias, Mathias Roberto Loch, Alberto Durán González, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if perceived occupational factors are associated with insufficient free-time physical activity in Brazilian public school teachers. METHODS: The relationship between insufficient physical activity (< 150 minutes/week) and variables related to work was analyzed in 978 elementary and high school teachers calculating the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) in Poisson regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic and health variables...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746521/playful-interventions-increase-knowledge-about-healthy-habits-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-the-cardiokids-randomized-study
#3
Fátima H Cecchetto, Daniela B Pena, Lucia C Pellanda
Background: Childhood obesity is an important health problem worldwide. In this context, there is a need for the development and evaluation of innovative educational interventions targeting prevention and formation of health habits. Objectives: To ascertain the impact of ludic workshops on children's knowledge, self-care, and body weight. Methods: This was a randomized, clinical study with 79 students aged 7-11 years, conducted from March to November 2012...
July 20, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699992/changes-in-frailty-conditions-and-phenotype-components-in-elderly-after-hospitalization
#4
Gianna Fiori Marchiori, Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares
Objective: describing the changes in frailty conditions over the period of a year after hospital discharge, verifying predictive variables for changes in frailty conditions and frailty phenotype components according to worsening, improving and stable groups. Method: a longitudinal survey carried out with 129 elderly. A structured form for socioeconomic and health data, scales (Geriatric Depression Scale - short form, Katz scale, Lawton and Brody scale) and frailty phenotype according to Fried were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699973/healthy-school-happy-school-design-and-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-designed-to-prevent-weight-gain-in-children
#5
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Sandra Mari Barbiero, Caroline D'Azevedo Sica, Raphael Borges, David William Moraes, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Schools have become a key figure for the promotion of health and obesity interventions, bringing the development of critical awareness to the construction and promotion of a healthy diet, physical activity, and the monitoring of the nutritional status in childhood and adolescence. Objectives: To describe a study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve knowledge of food choices in the school environment. Methods: This is a cluster-randomized, parallel, two-arm study conducted in public elementary and middle schools in Brazil...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678924/persistent-depressive-symptoms-are-independent-predictors-of-low-grade-inflammation-onset-among-healthy-individuals
#6
Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Paulo A Lotufo, Raquel D Conceição, Fernando Morita, Marcelo Katz, Maurício Wajngarten, José Antonio Maluf Carvalho, Hayden B Bosworth, Raul Dias Santos
Background: Depressive symptoms are independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with non-diagnosed CVD. The mechanisms underlying this association, however, remain unclear. Inflammation has been indicated as a possible mechanistic link between depression and CVD. Objectives: This study evaluated the association between persistent depressive symptoms and the onset of low-grade inflammation. Methods: From a database of 1,508 young (mean age: 41 years) individuals with no CVD diagnosis who underwent at least two routine health evaluations, 134 had persistent depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory - BDI ≥ 10, BDI+) and 1,374 had negative symptoms at both time points (BDI-)...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678906/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#7
Evelyn Helena Corgosinho Ribeiro, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Emanuel Péricles Salvador, Evelyn Fabiana Costa, Douglas Roque Andrade, Maria do Rosario Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Alex Antonio Florindo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interventions on the levels of physical activity of healthy adults, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System and attended by the Family Health Strategy. METHODS: Non-randomized experimental study with 157 adults allocated in three groups: 1) physical exercise classes (n = 54), 2) health education (n = 54), 3) control (n = 49). The study lasted for18 months, with 12 months of interventions and six months of follow-up after intervention...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591352/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-brazilian-adults-pns-2013
#8
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo, Lhais Barbosa de Paula Medina, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of health-related behaviors according to presence and type of depression in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Based on a sample of 49,025 adults (18 to 59 years) from the National Survey on Health 2013 (PNS 2013), we estimated the prevalence of health-related behaviors (smoking; passive smoking; frequent or risky alcohol consumption; leisure time physical activity; time watching TV; and eating pattern indicators), according to the presence of depression (minor and major), evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), and the report of depressive mood (in up to seven days or more than seven days) over a two-week period...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591350/factors-associated-with-chronic-back-pain-in-adults-in-brazil
#9
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations of chronic back pain with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyles, body mass index, self-reported chronic diseases and health assessment, according to sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 National Health Survey, estimated the prevalence and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of chronic back pain, according to selected variables and performed adjustment by age and education. RESULTS: 18...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591300/risk-factors-for-unstable-blood-glucose-level-integrative-review-of-the-risk-factors-related-to-the-nursing-diagnosis
#10
Andressa Magalhães Teixeira, Rosangela Tsukamoto, Camila Takáo Lopes, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: to identify evidence in the literature on the possible risk factors for the risk of unstable blood glucose diagnosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare them with the risk factors described by NANDA International. Method: an integrative literature review guided by the question: what are the risk factors for unstable blood glucose level in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Primary studies were included whose outcomes were variations in glycemic levels, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, in PubMed or CINAHL between 2010 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492760/determinants-of-tobacco-use-by-students
#11
Lorena Silva Vargas, Roselma Lucchese, Andrécia Cósmem da Silva, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Ivânia Vera, Paulo Alexandre de Castro
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use by students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, evaluates 701 public school students between 10 and 79 years of age living in a city in the countryside of the State of Goias, Midwest of Brazil. A structured questionnaire collected the data and the predictor variables were demographic data, family nucleus, religion, physical activity practice, family functionality and parental smoking...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489186/overweight-obesity-steps-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-children
#12
Luis Carlos Oliveira, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish cutoff points for the number of steps/day and minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity in relation to the risk of childhood overweight and obesity and their respective associations. In addition, we aim to identify the amount of steps/day needed to achieve the recommendation of moderate to vigorous physical activity in children from São Caetano do Sul. METHODS: In total, 494 children have used an accelerometer to monitor steps/day and the intensity of physical activity (min/day)...
April 27, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380186/diaphragmatic-mobility-relationship-with-lung-function-respiratory-muscle-strength-dyspnea-and-physical-activity-in-daily-life-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Flávia Roberta Rocha, Ana Karla Vieira Brüggemann, Davi de Souza Francisco, Caroline Semprebom de Medeiros, Danielle Rosal, Elaine Paulin
Objective: To evaluate diaphragmatic mobility in relation to lung function, respiratory muscle strength, dyspnea, and physical activity in daily life (PADL) in patients with COPD. Methods: We included 25 patients with COPD, classified according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria, and 25 healthy individuals. For all of the participants, the following were evaluated: anthropometric variables, spirometric parameters, respiratory muscle strength, diaphragmatic mobility (by X-ray), PADL, and the perception of dyspnea...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380161/associated-factors-to-urinary-incontinence-in-women-undergoing-urodynamic-testing
#14
Juliana Cristina Pereira da Silva, Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes Soler, Anneliese DominguesWysocki
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among women submitted to urodynamic testing. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 150 women attended at a urological center. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate statistics. RESULTS: White women (79.3%), overweight (45.3%), menopausal (53.3%), who drink coffee (82.7%), sedentary (65.3%), who had vaginal birth (51.4%), with episiotomy (80%), and who underwent the Kristeller maneuver (69%)...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982394/chronic-and-asymptomatic-diseases-influence-the-control-of-hypertension-treatment-in-primary-care
#16
Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Stael Silvana Bagno Eleutério da Silva, Flávia Cortez Colósimo, Gabriela de Andrade Toma, Talita de Souza Serafim, Paolo Meneghin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between blood pressure control and the following variables: a) bio-social and lifestyle characteristics of hypertensive patients; and b) factors related to the antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: This is an exploratory study with 290 people with hypertension from primary care. We used a specific instrument, self-administered, with 21 questions on factors that can hinder treatment, divided into four dimensions: medication, socioeconomic, institutional and personal beliefs...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#17
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832232/growth-lung-function-and-physical-activity-in-schoolchildren-who-were-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#18
Aline Dill Winck, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Deise Schumann, Helen Zatti, Rita Mattiello, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbom Stein
Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759822/clinical-and-sociodemographic-variables-associated-with-diabetes-related-distress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Flávia Cristina Zanchetta, Danilo Donizetti Trevisan, Priscila Peruzzo Apolinario, Juliana Bastoni da Silva, Maria Helena de Melo Lima
Objective: To evaluate the relation between diabetes-related distress and the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a secondary analysis of data collected at a specialized care outpatient center in Brazil. Participants completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the Brazilian version of the Diabetes Distress Scale (B-DDS). Results: About 31% of the 130 eligible patients reported diabetes distress, and the mean B-DDS score was 2...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759819/associated-factors-with-mammographic-changes-in-women-undergoing-breast-cancer-screening
#20
Ricardo Soares de Sant'Ana, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Luanes Marques de Mello, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes
Objective: To evaluate association of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and epidemiological factors with result of mammogram in women undergoing breast cancer screening. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained through interviews, anthropometric measurements, and mammography of 600 women aged 40 to 69 years at the Preventive Medicine Department of Hospital de Câncer de Barretos, Brazil, in 2014. The results of these examinations in the BI-RADS categories 1 and 2 were grouped and classified in this study as normal mammogram outcome, and those of BI-RADS categories 3, 4A, 4B, 4C, and 5 were grouped and classified as altered mammogram outcome...
July 2016: Einstein
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