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exercício físico

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832747/pre-participation-physical-fitness-does-not-influence-adherence-to-a-supervised-exercise-program
#1
Fábio Akio Nishijuka, Christina Grüne de Souza E Silva, Carlos Vieira Duarte, Claudio Gil Soares de Araújo
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation tends to reduce mortality. However, it requires medium/long-term adherence to regular physical exercise. It is relevant to identify the variables that affect adherence to an supervised exercise program (SEP). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of pre-participation levels of aerobic and non-aerobic physical fitness components in medium-term adherence to SEP. METHODS: A total of 567 SEP participants (65 ± 12 years) (68% men) were studied...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793112/social-representations-of-older-adults-regarding-quality-of-life
#2
Marielle Cristina Gonçalves Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira
Objective: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746573/quality-of-life-socioeconomic-and-clinical-factors-and-physical-exercise-in-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#3
Rafaela Catherine da Silva Cunha de Medeiros, Jason Azevedo de Medeiros, Tatiane Andreza Lima da Silva, Ricardo Dias de Andrade, Danielle Coutinho de Medeiros, Juliany de Souza Araújo, Antônio Manuel Gouveia de Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio de Albuquerque Costa, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether socioeconomic and clinical aspects and the aspects of healthy life habits are associated with the quality of life of persons living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional exploratory quantitative research, with 227 persons living with HIV/AIDS, treated at two hospitals of reference between April 2012 and June 2014. We used structured questionnaires to assess socioeconomic aspects (gender, age, education level, marital status, race, socioeconomic status, dependents on family income, employment relationship), clinical parameters (time of disease diagnosis, use and time of medication, CD4 T-cell count, and viral load), and practice of physical exercise...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700018/peripheral-vascular-resistance-impairment-during-isometric-physical-exercise-in-normotensive-offspring-of-hypertensive-parents
#4
Natália Portela, Josária Ferraz Amaral, Pedro Augusto de Carvalho Mira, Livia Victorino de Souza, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
Background: A family history of hypertension is associated with vascular and autonomic abnormalities, as well as an impaired neurohemodynamic response to exercise. Objective: To test the hypothesis that normotensive individuals with a family history of hypertension present an impaired peripheral vascular resistance response to exercise. Methods: The study included 37 normotensive volunteers of both sexes who were sedentary, eutrophic, and nonsmokers, comprising 23 with (FH+; 24 ± 3 years) and 14 without (FH-; 27 ± 5 years) a family history of hypertension...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678906/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#5
Evelyn Helena Corgosinho Ribeiro, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Emanuel Péricles Salvador, Evelyn Fabiana Costa, Douglas Roque Andrade, Maria do Rosario Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Alex Antonio Florindo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interventions on the levels of physical activity of healthy adults, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System and attended by the Family Health Strategy. METHODS: Non-randomized experimental study with 157 adults allocated in three groups: 1) physical exercise classes (n = 54), 2) health education (n = 54), 3) control (n = 49). The study lasted for18 months, with 12 months of interventions and six months of follow-up after intervention...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562833/the-effect-of-physical-resistance-training-on-baroreflex-sensitivity-of-hypertensive-rats
#6
Moisés Felipe Pereira Gomes, Mariana Eiras Borges, Vitor de Almeida Rossi, Elizabeth de Orleans C de Moura, Alessandra Medeiros
Background: Baroreceptors act as regulators of blood pressure (BP); however, its sensitivity is impaired in hypertensive patients. Among the recommendations for BP reduction, exercise training has become an important adjuvant therapy in this population. However, there are many doubts about the effects of resistance exercise training in this population. Objective: To evaluate the effect of resistance exercise training on BP and baroreceptor sensitivity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)...
2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444094/jumping-in-aquatic-environment-after-sciatic-nerve-compression-nociceptive-evaluation-and-morphological-characteristics-of-the-soleus-muscle-of-wistar-rats
#7
Jéssica Aline Malanotte, Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata, Jhenifer Karvat, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective: To evaluate the effect of jumping in aquatic environment on nociception and in the soleus muscle of trained and not trained Wistar rats, in the treatment of compressive neuropathy of the sciatic nerve. Methods: Twenty-five Wistar rats were distributed into five groups: Control, Lesion, Trained + Lesion, Lesion + Exercise, and Trained + Lesion + Exercise. The training was jumping exercise in water environment for 20 days prior to injury, and treatment after the injury...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444088/hypertension-in-patients-admitted-to-clinical-units-at-university-hospital-post-discharge-evaluation-rated-by-telephone
#8
Cássia Lima de Campos, Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Natalia Alencar de Pinho
Objective: To characterize hypertensive patients after admission to hospital considering the current status, compliance to treatment, habits and lifestyle, and knowledge and beliefs about the disease. Methods: This was an exploratory study with 265 hypertensive patients admitted to a medical inpatients unit of a university hospital. Data were collected in an interview over the telephone. The level of significance was set as p<0.05. Results: It was found that 32% of hypertensive patients had died...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117479/the-role-of-physical-exercise-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
REVIEW
Flávio Maciel Dias de Andrade, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common clinical condition, with a variable and underestimated prevalence. OSA is the main condition associated with secondary systemic arterial hypertension, as well as with atrial fibrillation, stroke, and coronary artery disease, greatly increasing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure is not tolerated by all OSA patients and is often not suitable in cases of mild OSA. Hence, alternative methods to treat OSA and its cardiovascular consequences are needed...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076590/effect-of-maternal-exercises-on-biophysical-fetal-and-maternal-parameters-a-transversal-study
#10
Caroline Mombaque Dos Santos, Wendel Mombaque Dos Santos, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta, Camila Pigatto, Luiz Osório Cruz Portela, Edson Nunes de Morais
Objective: To evaluate the acute effects of maternal and fetal hemodynamic responses in pregnant women submitted to fetal Doppler and an aerobic physical exercise test according to the degree of effort during the activity and the impact on the well-being. Methods: Transversal study with low risk pregnant women, obtained by convenience sample with gestational age between 26 to 34 weeks. The participants carry out a progressive exercise test. Results: After the exercise session, reduced resistance (p=0...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812676/cardiac-cachexia-perspectives-for-prevention-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Marina Politi Okoshi, Rafael Verardino Capalbo, Fernando G Romeiro, Katashi Okoshi
Cachexia is a prevalent pathological condition associated with chronic heart failure. Its occurrence predicts increased morbidity and mortality independent of important clinical variables such as age, ventricular function, or heart failure functional class. The clinical consequences of cachexia are dependent on both weight loss and systemic inflammation, which accompany cachexia development. Skeletal muscle wasting is an important component of cachexia; it often precedes cachexia development and predicts poor outcome in heart failure...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737377/stages-of-change-of-behavior-in-women-on-a-multi-professional-program-for-treatment-of-obesity
#12
Cheila Aparecida Bevilaqua, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: to ascertain the effectiveness of an intervention program in relation to anthropometric measurements and stage of readiness for behavioral change in women with excess weight. Methods: the intervention group (IG) was made up of 13 women, and the control group (CG), by 20. The intervention lasted 16 weeks, and included the practice of guided physical activity three times a week, and health education once a week. The application of the questionnaire on stage of readiness for behavioral change, and the anthropometric evaluations, were undertaken at two points - before and after the period of intervention...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533268/serious-game-development-as-a-strategy-for-health-promotion-and-tackling-childhood-obesity
#13
Jéssica David Dias, Marcelo Shinyu Mekaro, Jennifer Kaon Cheng Lu, Joice Lee Otsuka, Luciana Mara Monti Fonseca, Silvia Helena Zem-Mascarenhas
OBJECTIVES: to develop and assess a serious game on healthy eating and physical activity to promote health and tackle childhood obesity. METHOD: a descriptive, applied and methodological study.For the development of the game, the following steps were taken: conceptualization, pre-production with the development of the game documentation, prototyping, production and assessment of thecomputer and health experts. RESULTS: a prototype has been developed up to beta version...
August 15, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384970/aging-and-health-self-efficacy-for-self-direction-in-health-scale
#14
Albertina L Oliveira, José T Silva, Margarida P Lima
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Escala de Autoeficácia para a Autodireção na Saúde (EAAS - Self-efficacy for Self-direction in Health Scale). METHODS: Non-experimental quantitative study of EAAS validation, by confirmatory factorial analyses, evaluating a sample of 508 older adults from the north and the center of Portugal with mean age of 71.67 (from 51 to 96 years), to whom the Self-efficacy for Self-direction in Health Scale, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale were applied...
July 4, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25714195/treatment-of-dyslipidemia-with-statins-and-physical-exercises-recent-findings-of-skeletal-muscle-responses
#15
Mariana Rotta Bonfim, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Sandra Lia do Amaral, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
Statin treatment in association with physical exercise practice can substantially reduce cardiovascular mortality risk of dyslipidemic individuals, but this practice is associated with myopathic event exacerbation. This study aimed to present the most recent results of specific literature about the effects of statins and its association with physical exercise on skeletal musculature. Thus, a literature review was performed using PubMed and SciELO databases, through the combination of the keywords "statin" AND "exercise" AND "muscle", restricting the selection to original studies published between January 1990 and November 2013...
February 13, 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25458028/-influence-of-physical-activity-on-quality-of-life-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis
#16
REVIEW
Eduardo Lucia Caputo, Marcelo Zanusso Costa
The present study aimed to conduct a review on the association between exercise and quality of life in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. A search was performed in PubMed, SciELO, SpringerLink and Sport Discus databases to identify relevant articles that addressed this association. We used the following descriptors in the English and Portuguese languages: osteoporosis, exercise, menopause, women, physical activity, quality of life/osteoporose, exercício físico, menopausa, mulheres, atividade física, qualidade de vida...
November 2014: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24508780/effect-on-physical-fitness-of-a-10-year-physical-activity-intervention-in-primary-health-care-settings
#17
Priscila M Nakamura, Camila B Papini, Inaian P Teixeira, Alberto Chiyoda, Eliete Luciano, Kelly Lynn Cordeira, Eduardo Kokubun
BACKGROUND: Interventions in primary health care settings have been effective in increasing physical fitness. In 2001, the Programa de Exercício Físico em Unidades de Saúde (Physical Exercise in Health Primary Care Program-PEHPCP) was launched in Rio Claro City, Brazil. The intervention consisted of biweekly, 60-minute group sessions in all primary health care settings in the city. This study evaluated the effect of PEHPCP on physical fitness and on the aging process after a decade of ongoing implementation...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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