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Complications central venous line placement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584925/peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-bloodstream-infection-compared-with-central-venous-catheters-in-paediatric-intensive-care-patients-a-propensity-adjusted-analysis
#1
Ricardo Silveira Yamaguchi, Danilo Teixeira Noritomi, Natalia Viu Degaspare, Gabriela Ortega Cisternas Muñoz, Ana Paula Matos Porto, Silvia Figueiredo Costa, Otavio T Ranzani
PURPOSE: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is an important cause of complications in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) could be an alternative to central venous catheters (CVCs) and the effect of PICCs compared with CVCs on CLABSI prevention is unknown in PICUs. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate whether PICCs were associated with a protective effect for CLABSI when compared to CVCs in critically ill children. METHODS: We have carried out a retrospective multicentre study in four PICUs in São Paulo, Brazil...
June 5, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488105/single-incision-versus-conventional-technique-for-tunneled-central-line-placement-in-children
#2
Daniel Ashton, Darshan Variyam, J Alberto Hernandez, Sheena Pimpalwar, Shireen Hayatghaibi, Kamlesh Kukreja
PURPOSE: A single-incision technique for tunneled central venous access has been described. This study evaluates whether single-incision technique in children is comparable to the conventional method, with regard to procedure time, fluoroscopy time, and complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 303 internal jugular vein tunneled central catheter placements whose age ranged from newborn to 17 years (median 1.7 years) by pediatric interventional radiologists from January 2014 through December 2015...
May 9, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471906/utility-of-ultrasound-guidance-for-central-venous-access-in-children
#3
Chen He, Rebecca Vieira, Jennifer R Marin
BACKGROUND: Placement of a central venous catheter (CVC) in a pediatric patient is an important skill for pediatric emergency medicine physicians but can be challenging and time consuming. Ultrasound (US) guidance has been shown to improve success of central line placement in adult patients. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the literature and evaluate the benefit of US guidance in the placement of CVCs, specifically in pediatric emergency department patients, and to review the procedure...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458928/iatrogenic-right-sided-pneumothorax-presenting-as-st-segment-elevation-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Bashar Alzghoul, Ayoub Innabi, Anusha Shanbhag, Kshitij Chatterjee, Farah Amer, Nikihil Meena
Pneumothorax is a well-recognized complication of central venous line insertion (CVL). Rarely, pneumothorax can lead to electrocardiogram (ECG) findings mimicking ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We present a 63-year-old man with iatrogenic right-sided pneumothorax who developed ST-segment elevation on a 12-lead ECG suggestive of myocardial infarction. The ECG findings completely resolved after needle decompression and chest tube placement. This case points up this rare electrocardiographic finding with discussion of possible mechanisms and differential diagnosis...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413891/safety-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-during-pregnancy-a-retrospective-study
#5
Laura Jacques, Megan Foeller, Rahmouna Farez, Kristina Kaljo, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Timothy Klatt
PURPOSE: We investigated the incidence of complications associated with peripherally inserted central line catheters, inserted using a standardized technique, during pregnancy and the postpartum period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series was performed that included all pregnant and postpartum women who received peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) at a single institution between 2006 and 2014. Patient demographics and data on infectious, mechanical and thrombotic complications were collected...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393502/-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-savings-comfort-many-advantages
#6
A Y Molina Caballero, M Martínez Merino, A Pérez Martínez, L Ayuso González, S Hernández Martín, J Pisón Chacón
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters are indicated when an intravenous treatment is expected for more than 6 days or less if phlebotoxic medication is used. We report our recent experience. METHODS: Retrospective study from 2014 to 2015 including patients to whom a catheter was placed either, in the operating room after surgery and before awakening the patient, or in the Pediatric ICU by direct or ultrasound guidance venipuncture. We reviewed patient characteristics, underlying disease, line catheterization procedure, type and duration of venous line, intravenous treatment and complications...
July 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377943/expert-evaluation-of-a-chicken-tissue-based-model-for-teaching-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-insertion
#7
Akiva Nachshon, John D Mitchell, Ariel Mueller, Valerie M Banner-Goodspeed, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization (CVC) is a commonly performed procedure which carries significant risks for complications. Current models used for simulation-based teaching are expensive and may not replicate tissue feel and ultrasound qualities of human tissues. We aimed to evaluate a tissue model composed of chicken breast and balloons and compare it to a commercially available mannequin. METHODS: Forty attending physicians from four departments with extensive CVC experience were enrolled...
January 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323667/central-venous-access-in-children-indications-devices-and-risks
#8
Guillermo Ares, Catherine J Hunter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Central venous catheters (CVCs) have a prominent role in the diagnostic and therapy of neonates and children. Herein, we describe the multiple indications for CVC use and the different devices available for central venous access. Given the prevalent use of CVCs, healthcare systems are focused on reducing complications from their use, particularly central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). The most up-to-date information available sheds light on best practices and future areas of investigation...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177568/the-influence-of-parents-voice-on-the-consumption-of-propofol-for-pediatric-procedural-sedation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Eva Tschiedel, Victoria Heck, Ursula Felderhoff-Mueser, Christian Dohna-Schwake
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients, invasive procedures such as the insertion of a central venous catheter or gastroscopy require deep sedation. It is unknown whether listening to parental voice during deep sedation in children can reduce sedative doses. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the effect of listening to a parent's voice during deep sedation on consumption of sedatives in children. METHODS: Fifty children aged 2-14 years undergoing central line placement or gastroscopy under deep sedation with propofol were randomly assigned to two groups: (A) listening or (B) not listening their parents' recorded voice reading a standardized text by the use of earphones...
April 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049254/peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter-associated-complications-exert-negative-effects-on-body-weight-gain-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#10
Jie Wen, Qun Yu, Haiyan Chen, Niannian Chen, Shourong Huang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The placement of a peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) is an essential procedure in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of PICC complications in NICU, and further identify the effects of PICC complications on body weight gain in premature infants. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 304 premature infants who had a PICC inserted in NICU were enrolled in this study. The weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) at the time of PICC insertion and removal were calculated, and changes of WAZ in different groups were compared using a t-test...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003829/cardiac-arrest-as-a-consequence-of-air-embolism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Zia Ur Rahman, Ghulam Murtaza, Mohsin Pourmorteza, Wael K El Minaoui, Pooja Sethi, Peyman Mamdouhi, Timir Paul
Air embolism is an infrequent but potentially catastrophic complication. It could be a complication of invasive procedures including surgery, central line placement, positive pressure ventilation, trauma, hemodialysis, pacemaker placement, cardiac ablation, and decompression sickness. Usually, it does not cause any hemodynamic complication. In rare cases, it could lodge in the heart and cause cardiac arrest. We present a case of an 82-year-old white female who underwent computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy of right lung pulmonary nodule...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920421/a-missing-guide-wire-after-placement-of-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#12
Muhammad Kashif, Hafiz Hashmi, Preeti Jadhav, Misbahuddin Khaja
BACKGROUND Central venous catheterization is a common tool used in critically ill patients to monitor central venous pressure and administer fluids and medications such as vasopressors. Here we present a case of a missing guide wire after placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC), which was incidentally picked up by bedside ultrasound in the intensive care unit.  CASE REPORT A 50-year-old Hispanic male was admitted to the intensive care unit for alcohol intoxication. He was managed for septic shock and required placement of a peripherally inserted central line in his left upper extremity for antibiotics and vasopressor administration...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896414/closure-devices-for-iatrogenic-thoraco-cervical-vascular-injuries
#13
REVIEW
Gregory C Makris, Rafiuddin Patel, Mark Little, Carina Tyrrell, James Sutcliffe, Kader Allouni, Mark Bratby, Susan Anthony, Raman Uberoi
INTRODUCTION: The unintentional arterial placement of a central venous line can have catastrophic complications. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess and analyse the available evidence regarding the use of the various vascular closure devices (VCDs) for the management of iatrogenic thoraco-cervical arterial injuries (ITCAI). METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: Thirty-two relevant case series and case reports were identified with a total of 69 patients having being studied...
March 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578550/brachiocephalic-vein-for-percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-central-line-positioning-in-children-a-20-month-preliminary-experience-with-109-procedures
#14
Stefano Avanzini, Leila Mameli, Nicola Disma, Clelia Zanaboni, Andrea Dato, Giovanni Montobbio, Luigi Montagnini, Michela Bevilacqua, Filomena Pierri, Massimo Conte, Loredana Amoroso, Giovanna Pala, Sara Pestarino, Elio Castagnola, Angelo Claudio Molinari, Concetta Micalizzi, Giuseppe Morreale, Girolamo Mattioli, A Pini Prato
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided (USG) cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) is gaining worldwide consensus for central venous access in children. This study reports a 20-month experience with this approach in children. METHODS: All patients who underwent percutaneous USG central venous catheter (CVC) positioning in the BCV between August 2013 and March 2015 have been included. Devices inserted during this period were open-ended, either single or double-lumen tunneled CVC...
February 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495892/cardiac-tamponade-a-rare-but-preventable-complication-of-central-venous-catheter-in-neonates
#15
R W Atmawidjaja, M Azri, I H Ismail
Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade is a rare and life-threatening complication of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in a neonate. We report a 33-week preterm neonate who had sudden clinical deterioration at day seven of total parenteral nutrition regime via PICC. Recognition of pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade in neonates with a PICC requires a high index of suspicion and steps in prevention include proper catheter tip placement and continuous monitoring of line position and function...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298814/ultrasound-guided-central-line-insertion-and-standard-peripherally-inserted-catheter-placement-in-preterm-infants-comparing-results-from-prospective-study-in-a-single-center
#16
Dany Antanios Al Hamod, Smart Zeidan, Ayah Al Bizri, Georges Baaklini, Yolla Nassif
BACKGROUND: Among preterm infants, the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is the standard line for central venous access; however, its placement exposes them to hypothermia and pain. Ultrasound (US)-guided central line insertion may be less morbid than standard PICC line. AIMS: To determine the ease, success rate, and morbidity associated with US-guided central line insertion in the internal jugular vein (IJV) by comparing it to the standard PICC line placement...
May 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020965/peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-piccs-in-cancer-patients-under-chemotherapy-a-prospective-study-on-the-incidence-of-complications-and-overall-failures
#17
Sergio Bertoglio, Beatrice Faccini, Luca Lalli, Ferdinando Cafiero, Paolo Bruzzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing use of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) for chemotherapy has led to the observation of an elevated risk of complications and failures. This study investigates PICC failures in cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a single cancer institution on 291 PICC placement for chemotherapy. The primary study outcome was PICC failure. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 119 days...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011425/update-on-insertion-and-complications-of-central-venous-catheters-for-hemodialysis
#18
REVIEW
Peter R Bream
Central venous catheters are a popular choice for the initiation of hemodialysis or for bridging between different types of access. Despite this, they have many drawbacks including a high morbidity from thrombosis and infection. Advances in technology have allowed placement of these lines relatively safely, and national guidelines have been established to help prevent complications. There is an established algorithm for location and technique for placement that minimizes harm to the patient; however, there are significant short- and long-term complications that proceduralists who place catheters should be able to recognize and manage...
March 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010289/jugular-central-venous-catheter-placement-through-a-modified-seldinger-technique-for-long-term-venous-access-in-chelonians
#19
Mariana A Pardo, Stephen Divers
Long-term or repeated venous access in chelonians is difficult to obtain and manage, but can be critically important for administration of medications and blood sampling in hospitalized patients. Jugular catheterization provides the most rapid and secure route for vascular access, but catheters can be difficult to place, and maintaining catheter patency may be challenging. Long multilumen polyurethane catheters provide flexibility and sampling access, and minimize difficulties, such as catheter displacement, that have been encountered with traditional over-the-needle catheters...
March 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949145/chest-radiograph-after-fluoroscopic-guided-line-placement-no-longer-necessary
#20
Brian G A Dalton, Katherine W Gonzalez, Michael C Keirsy, Douglas C Rivard, Shawn D St Peter
PURPOSE: Historically, a chest radiograph was obtained after central line placement in the operating room. Recent retrospective studies have questioned the need for this radiograph. The prevailing current practice at our center is to order chest radiograph only for symptomatic patients. This study examines the outcomes of selective chest radiography after fluoroscopic guided central line placement. METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval, a single institution retrospective chart review of patients undergoing central venous catheter placement by the pediatric surgery or interventional radiology service between January 2010 and July 2014 was performed...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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