keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

wheat bran

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231119/distinct-characteristics-of-rye-and-wheat-breads-impact-on-their-in-vitro-gastric-disintegration-and-in-vivo-glucose-and-insulin-responses
#1
Emilia Nordlund, Kati Katina, Hannu Mykkänen, Kaisa Poutanen
Disintegration of rye and wheat breads during in vitro gastric digestion and its relation to the postprandial glucose and insulin responses of the breads was studied. Breads with distinct composition and texture characteristics were prepared with refined or wholegrain wheat and rye flour by using either straight dough or sourdough process. After chewing and gastric digestion in vitro, 100% wholemeal and refined rye breads prepared by sourdough method were disintegrated to a much lower extent than the wheat breads, having more bread digesta particles with size over 2 or 3 mm...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231117/compositional-analysis-of-whole-grains-processed-grains-grain-co-products-and-other-carbohydrate-sources-with-applicability-to-pet-animal-nutrition
#2
Alison N Beloshapka, Preston R Buff, George C Fahey, Kelly S Swanson
Our objective was to measure the proximate, starch, amino acid, and mineral compositions of grains, grain co-products, and other carbohydrate sources with potential use in pet foods. Thirty-two samples from barley (barley flake, cut barley, ground pearled barley, malted barley, whole pearled barley, pearled barley flakes, and steamed rolled barley); oats (groats, ground oatmeal, ground steamed groats, instant oats, oat bran, oat fiber, oat flour, quick oats, regular rolled oats, steamed rolled oat groats, and steel cut groats); rice (brown rice, polished rice, defatted rice bran, and rice flour); and miscellaneous carbohydrate sources (canary grass seed, hulled millet, whole millet, quinoa, organic spelt hull pellets, potato flake, sorghum, whole wheat, and whole yellow corn) were analyzed...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215322/production-of-enzymes-from-agricultural-wastes-and-their-potential-industrial-applications
#3
S Bharathiraja, J Suriya, M Krishnan, P Manivasagan, S-K Kim
Enzymatic hydrolysis is the significant technique for the conversion of agricultural wastes into valuable products. Agroindustrial wastes such as rice bran, wheat bran, wheat straw, sugarcane bagasse, and corncob are cheapest and plentifully available natural carbon sources for the production of industrially important enzymes. Innumerable enzymes that have numerous applications in industrial processes for food, drug, textile, and dye use have been produced from different types of microorganisms from agricultural wastes...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206756/effect-of-bioprocessing-on-the-in-vitro-colonic-microbial-metabolism-of-phenolic-acids-from-rye-bran-fortified-breads
#4
Ville Mikael Koistinen, Emilia Nordlund, Kati Katina, Ismo Mattila, Kaisa Poutanen, Kati Hanhineva, Anna-Marja Aura
Cereal bran is an important source of dietary fiber and bioactive compounds, such as phenolic acids. We aimed to study the phenolic acid metabolism of native and bioprocessed rye bran fortified refined wheat bread and to elucidate the microbial metabolic route of phenolic acids. After incubation in an in vitro colon model, the metabolites were analyzed using two different methods applying mass spectrometry. While phenolic acids were released more extensively from the bioprocessed bran bread and ferulic acid had consistently higher concentrations in the bread type during fermentation, there were only minor differences in the appearance of microbial metabolites, including the diminished levels of certain phenylacetic acids in the bioprocessed bran...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193436/use-of-bran-fractions-and-debranned-kernels-for-the-development-of-pasta-with-high-nutritional-and-healthy-potential
#5
Roberto Ciccoritti, Federica Taddei, Isabella Nicoletti, Laura Gazza, Danilo Corradini, Maria Grazia D'Egidio, Daniela Martini
The quality of pasta produced with debranning products (bran fractions, BF, and debranned kernels, DK) of durum wheat was investigated by evaluating their total antioxidant capacity, occurrence of nutritional and bioactive compounds, and sensory properties. Two pasta samples, produced with BF-enriched semolina (BF pasta) or only with micronized DK (DK pasta), respectively, were compared with pasta made with traditional semolina (control pasta). BF pasta and DK pasta displayed significantly higher content of bioactive compounds, such as phenolic compounds and dietary fibre, than control pasta, to a different extent for the diverse compounds...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161736/dietary-fibres-modulate-the-composition-and-activity-of-butyrate-producing-bacteria-in-the-large-intestine-of-suckling-piglets
#6
Chunlong Mu, Lingli Zhang, Xiangyu He, Hauke Smidt, Weiyun Zhu
Dietary fibres have been shown to affect early-life microbiota colonization in the large intestine of suckling piglets, however, much less is known as to whether they also modulate the composition and activity of butyrate-producing bacteria. Here, we investigated the effect of dietary fibres on the abundance, composition, and activity of butyrate-producing bacteria in suckling piglets. Piglets were fed a control diet or creep feeds containing alfalfa, wheat bran, or pure cellulose, respectively, from postnatal day 7 to 22...
February 4, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159727/a-p-coumaroyl-esterase-from-rhizoctonia-solani-with-a-pronounced-chlorogenic-acid-esterase-activity
#7
Annabel Nieter, Sebastian Kelle, Diana Linke, Ralf G Berger
Extracellular esterase activity was detected in submerged cultures of Rhizoctonia solani grown in the presence of sugar beet pectin or Tween 80. Putative type B feruloyl esterase (FAE) coding sequences found in the genome data of the basidiomycete were heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. Recombinant enzyme production on the 5-L bioreactor scale (RspCAE: 3245UL(-1)) exceeded the productivity of the wild type strain by a factor of 800. Based on substrate specificity profiling, the purified recombinant RspCAE was classified as a p-coumaroyl esterase (pCAE) with a pronounced chlorogenic acid esterase side activity...
January 31, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155258/phytochemicals-in-whole-grain-wheat-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#8
Yingdong Zhu, Shengmin Sang
Accumulated evidence in epidemiological studies has consistently shown that consumption of whole grains is inversely associated with risk of major chronic diseases such as certain types of cancer, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Dietary fiber has been reported to be responsible for the health effects of whole grain consumption. Evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies is emerging that, in addition to dietary fiber and minerals, the unique phytochemicals in whole grains may in part contribute to these health-promoting effects...
February 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140750/production-of-a-protease-inhibitor-from-edible-mushroom-agaricus-bisporus-and-its-statistical-optimization-by-response-surface-methodology
#9
Reena Vishvakarma, Abha Mishra
The production of a protease inhibitor from Agaricus bisporus through solid state fermentation was studied. The purpose was to produce protease inhibitor from natural, cheap and readily available carbon and nitrogen sources. Solid state fermentation enhanced the mycelia growth and also gave a higher yield of the product. Further, fungal growth and other production parameters were statistically optimized. The specificity of the inhibitor was tested and was effective against trypsin. Screening of significant factors (wheat bran, cyanobacterial biomass, initial pH, temperature, incubation period, and moisture content and inoculum size) was done using Plackett-Burman Design...
January 31, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135406/mycotoxin-contamination-of-rice-in-china
#10
REVIEW
Xiang Dong Sun, Ping Su, Hong Shan
Mycotoxin contamination in rice is generally lower than in other cereals such as corn or wheat. However, over 65% of the population in China consumes rice as a staple food. Due to the diversity of the climate across China, the southern region is characterized by high temperatures and humidities, especially in rainy season. Such conditions are optimal for the growth of fungi. The accumulative and transferrable characteristics of fungi mycotoxins pose a great potential threat as confirmed by high incidences of liver cancer in the Yangtze delta region...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133820/dietary-inclusion-of-tomato-pomace-improves-meat-oxidative-stability-of-young-pigs
#11
C S Correia, C M Alfaia, M S Madeira, P A Lopes, T J S Matos, L F Cunha, J A M Prates, J P B Freire
The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional effect of tomato pomace, in combination with two distinct fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), on longissimus lumborum muscle, subcutaneous fat and liver of young pigs. Forty male pigs of 4 weeks old were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments using two fibre sources (wheat bran or 5.0% tomato pomace) and two fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), in a 2 × 2 factorial design for a 5-week trial. Tomato pomace did not improve colour, fatty acid profile, cholesterol content or lipid oxidation, nor did it yield detectable levels in lycopene or β-carotene in the meat (p > 0...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122932/greater-adherence-to-cancer-prevention-guidelines-is-associated-with-higher-circulating-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-metabolites-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pooled-participants-from-2-chemoprevention-trials
#12
Lindsay N Kohler, Elizabeth A Hibler, Robin B Harris, Eyal Oren, Denise J Roe, Peter W Jurutka, Elizabeth T Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Several lifestyle factors targeted by the American Cancer Society (ACS) Nutrition and Physical Activity Cancer Prevention Guidelines are also associated with circulating concentrations of vitamin D metabolites. This suggests that greater adherence to the ACS guidelines may be related to better vitamin D status. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between adherence to the ACS guidelines and circulating concentrations of 2 vitamin D metabolites, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D] and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117694/wheat-bran-does-not-affect-postprandial-plasma-short-chain-fatty-acids-from-13-c-inulin-fermentation-in-healthy-subjects
#13
Lise Deroover, Joran Verspreet, Anja Luypaerts, Greet Vandermeulen, Christophe M Courtin, Kristin Verbeke
Wheat bran (WB) is a constituent of whole grain products with beneficial effects for human health. Within the human colon, such insoluble particles may be colonized by specific microbial teams which can stimulate cross-feeding, leading to a more efficient carbohydrate fermentation and an increased butyrate production. We investigated the extent to which WB fractions with different properties affect the fermentation of other carbohydrates in the colon. Ten healthy subjects performed four test days, during which they consumed a standard breakfast supplemented with 10 g (13)C-inulin...
January 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115772/evaluation-of-genotypic-wheat-bran-varieties-for-nutraceutical-compounds
#14
T Sharanappa, R Chetana, G Suresh Kumar
The proximate composition and bioactive components were screened in eight wheat bran cultivars such as UAS (304, 415, 428), DWR (162, 185, 1006) and DDK (1025, 1029). The results showed that carbohydrate content ranged from 62.3 to 73.9%, protein 11-21%, fat 2.4-5.6%, ash content 5-6.5% among the wheat bran genotypes and dietary fiber content was found to be between 21 and 52%. Mineral content vary viz., Fe (0.7-2.45), Mg (4.78-8.36), K (16.47-44.58), Zn (0.78-1.44), Cu (3.35-15.79), Na (1.22-7.14) and Mn (21...
December 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115088/extraction-of-arabinoxylans-from-wheat-bran-using-hydrothermal-processes-assisted-by-heterogeneous-catalysts
#15
Nuria Sánchez-Bastardo, Alberto Romero, Esther Alonso
The extraction/hydrolysis process of arabinoxylans from destarched wheat bran was studied in this work using different mesoporous silica supports and the corresponding RuCl3-based catalysts. The effects of temperature, time, catalyst supports and ruthenium catalysts were investigated and discussed in terms of the arabinoxylans extraction yield and their polymerization degree. Relatively high temperatures (180°C), short extraction times (10min) and RuCl3 supported on Al-MCM-48 led to a high amount of extracted arabinoxylans (78%) with a low molecular weight (9kDa)...
March 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111437/dose-dependent-effects-of-a-microbial-phytase-on-phosphorus-digestibility-of-common-feedstuffs-in-pigs
#16
Ferdinando N Almeida, Mercedes Vazquez-Anon, Jeffery Escobar
Objective: To evaluate concentrations of a microbial phytase (Cibenza® Phytaverse®, Novus International, USA) on standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in canola meal (CM), corn, corn-derived distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS), rice bran (RB), sorghum, soybean meal (SBM), sunflower meal (SFM), and wheat. Methods: Two cohorts of 36 pigs each (initial BW = 78.5 ± 3.7 kg) were randomly assigned to 2 rooms, each housing 36 pigs, and then allotted to 6 diets with 6 replicates per diet in a randomized complete block design...
January 13, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100826/biomechanical-properties-of-wheat-grains-the-implications-on-milling
#17
James E Hourston, Michael Ignatz, Martin Reith, Gerhard Leubner-Metzger, Tina Steinbrecher
Millennia of continuous innovation have driven ever increasing efficiency in the milling process. Mechanically characterizing wheat grains and discerning the structure and function of the wheat bran layers can contribute to continuing innovation. We present novel shear force and puncture force testing regimes to characterize different wheat grain cultivars. The forces endured by wheat grains during the milling process can be quantified, enabling us to measure the impact of commonly applied grain pretreatments, such as microwave heating, extended tempering, enzyme and hormone treatments on grains of different 'hardness'...
January 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097168/purification-and-biochemical-properties-of-a-thermostable-haloalkaline-cellulase-from-bacillus-licheniformis-amf-07-and-its-application-for-hydrolysis-of-different-cellulosic-substrates-to-bioethanol-production
#18
Fatemeh Azadian, Arastoo Badoei-Dalfard, Abdolhamid Namaki-Shoushtari, Mehdi Hassanshahian
A thermophilic strain AMF-07, hydrolyzing carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was isolated from Kerman hot spring and was identified as Bacillus licheniformis based on 16S rRNA sequence homology. The carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) enzyme produced by the B. licheniformis was purified by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The purified enzyme gave a single band on SDS- PAGE with a molecular weight of 37 kDa. The CMCase enzyme was highly active and stable over broad ranges of temperature (40-80ºC), pH (6...
September 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092734/combined-utilization-of-nutrients-and-sugar-derived-from-wheat-bran-for-d-lactate-fermentation-by-sporolactobacillus-inulinus-ybs1-5
#19
Jiahuang Li, Junfei Sun, Bin Wu, Bingfang He
To decrease d-Lactate production cost, wheat bran, a low-cost waste of milling industry, was selected as the sole feedstock. First, the nutrients were recovered from wheat bran by acid protease hydrolysis. Then, cellulosic hydrolysates were prepared from protease-treated samples after acid pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification. The combined use of nutrients and hydrolysates as nitrogen and carbon sources for fermentation by S. inulinus YB1-5 resulted in d-Lactate levels of 99.5g/L, with an average production efficiency of 1...
April 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078265/classification-of-31-korean-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-cultivars-based-on-the-chemical-compositions
#20
Induck Choi, Chon-Sik Kang, Choon-Kee Lee, Sun-Lim Kim
Whole grain wheat flour (WGWF) is the entire grain (bran, endosperm, and germ) milled to make flour. The WGWF of 31 Korean wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars were analyzed for the chemical compositions, and classified into groups by hierarchical cluster analysis (HCL). The average composition values showed a substantial variation among wheat varieties due to different wheat varieties. Wheat cv. Shinmichal1 (waxy wheat) had the highest ash, lipid, and total dietary fiber contents of 1.76, 3.14, and 15.49 g/100 g, respectively...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
keyword
keyword
75149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"