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Beyza Ulusoy, Canan Hecer, Doruk Kaynarca, Şifa Berkan
Different types of dried meat products manufactured by different drying and curing methods are very common and well-known with a long history all over the world. Samarella (tsamarella) is one of these products and is famous among traditionally produced meat products in Cypriot gastronomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) and aqueous oregano infusion (AOI) applications on the microbiological properties of samarella. In order to carry out this study, traditional methods were followed for experimental production of samarella...
March 21, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
María Llana-Ruiz-Cabello, María Puerto, Sara Maisanaba, Remedios Guzmán-Guillén, Silvia Pichardo, Ana M Cameán
Essential oils from Origanum spp. exhibit antioxidant and antimicrobial activities making them suitable for use as food additives. The incorporation of oregano essential oil in active food packaging is under study; however, it has been not authorized for this purpose thus far. In order to fulfill the requirements of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the aim of the present study was to determine the genotoxic potential of oregano essential oil using both the micronucleus (MN) test and comet (standard and enzyme-modified) assays in Wistar rats treated with 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg body weight administered daily for 90 days...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Marcelo Valle Garcia, Gilson Parussolo, Camila Brombilla Moro, Angélica Olivier Bernardi, Marina Venturini Copetti
The aim of this study was to identify fungal species present in 200 samples of rosemary, fennel, cinnamon, clove, pepperoni, black and white pepper and oregano and evaluate the mycotoxigenic potential of the some Aspergilli isolated. Clove, black and white peppers were analyzed by direct plating. For rosemary, cinnamon, fennel, pepperoni pepper and oregano samples were used spread plate. Mycotoxigenic capacity was verified by the agar plug method. With the exception of clove, all the spices showed high fungal contamination, especially by Aspergillus sp...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Marília Gonçalves Cattelan, Yara Paula de Oliveira Nishiyama, Tânia Maria Vinturim Gonçalves, Alexandre Rodrigo Coelho
There is a broad research interest in the search for alternatives to chemical additives for use as natural food preservatives. Although many natural compounds have biological in vitro properties evidenced, in situ studies are still scarce. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) and salt (NaCl) concentrations against Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), in salad dressing, using the response surface methodology. The experiment included a 22 central composite rotatable design (CCRD) in a total of 11 formulations of salad dressings...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Mina Cheraghi Nirumand, Marziyeh Hajialyani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Stéphane Zingue, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
Kidney stones are one of the oldest known and common diseases in the urinary tract system. Various human studies have suggested that diets with a higher intake of vegetables and fruits play a role in the prevention of kidney stones. In this review, we have provided an overview of these dietary plants, their main chemical constituents, and their possible mechanisms of action. Camellia sinensis (green tea), Rubus idaeus (raspberry), Rubia cordifolia (common madder), Petroselinum crispum (parsley), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Pistacia lentiscus (mastic), Solanum xanthocarpum (yellow-fruit nightshade), Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Dolichos biflorus ( horse gram ), Ammi visnaga (khella), Nigella sativa (black-cumin), Hibiscus sabdariffa (roselle), and Origanum vulgare (oregano) have received considerable interest based on scientific evidence...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Selçuk Yazıcı, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu, Semiha Bahçeci Erdem, Sait Karaman, Demet Can
We present a 13-year-old male childallergic to three different plants (Salvia officinalis, Mentha piperita and Origanum onites L.) of Lamiaceae family. The patient developed angioedema 20-30 minutes after eating chicken meat with cheddar cheese. There was no history of allergy. Oral food challenge (OFC) with both cheddar cheese and chicken meat was negative. Skin tests for inhalant allergens were negative. 3 weeks later, the patient was admitted with angioedema after drinking sage tea. OFC with sage was applied and angioedema was observed...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
G J Kolling, S C B Stivanin, A M Gabbi, F S Machado, A L Ferreira, M M Campos, T R Tomich, C S Cunha, S W Dill, L G R Pereira, V Fischer
Plant extracts have been proposed as substitutes for chemical feed additives due to their potential as rumen fermentation modifiers and because of their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, possibly reducing methane emissions. This study aimed to evaluate the use of oregano (OR), green tea extracts (GT), and their association as feed additives on the performance and methane emissions from dairy between 28 and 87 d of lactation. Thirty-two lactating dairy cows, blocked into 2 genetic groups: 16 Holstein cows and 16 crossbred Holstein-Gir, with 522...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
C Forte, R Branciari, D Pacetti, D Miraglia, D Ranucci, G Acuti, M Balzano, N G Frega, M Trabalza-Marinucci
The effect of a dietary oregano aqueous extract on meat fatty acid profile, quality, and consumer acceptance in chickens fed a diet rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was evaluated in 3 consecutive trials.For each trial, 171 day-old Ross 308 chicks were randomly divided in replicates of 19 birds each and assigned to one of 3 experimental diets: 1) basal control diet, 2) basal diet supplemented with 0.2 g/kg of oregano aqueous extract, and 3) basal diet supplemented with 150 ppm of vitamin E (as positive control)...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
Niluni M Wijesundara, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
In the present study, essential oils (EOs) extracted from oregano, sage, cloves, and ginger were evaluated for the phytochemical profile, antibacterial, and anti-biofilm activities against Streptococcus pyogenes. The broth microdilution method was used to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of EOs. The minimum biofilm inhibitory concentrations (MBICs) were determined using MTT assay and fixed biofilms were observed through scan electron microscopy...
February 13, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
The use of oregano ( Origanum vulgare ) essential oil (OEO) has become popular in skin care products. However, scientific research regarding its effects on human skin cells is scarce. In this study, we investigated the biological activity of a commercially available OEO, which is high in carvacrol content, in a human skin cell disease model. OEO induced marked antiproliferative effects and significantly inhibited several inflammatory biomarkers, including monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intracellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG)...
June 2017: Biochimie Open
D Dolea, A Rizo, A Fuentes, J M Barat, I Fernández-Segovia
The effect of different essential oils on the quality and shelf life of fish and seaweed burgers during storage was evaluated. For this purpose, thyme and oregano essential oils were selected at a concentration of 0.05% (v/w). Three types of salmon and seaweed burgers were prepared: without essential oil, burgers with red thyme essential oil (0.05% (v/w)) and burgers with oregano essential oil (0.05% (v/w)), which were vacuum packaged and stored at 4 ℃ for 17 days. Physicochemical and microbiological analyses were carried out periodically throughout storage...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
Yan Zhou, Shanshan Sun, Weiya Bei, Mohamed Reda Zahi, Qipeng Yuan, Hao Liang
An effective antimicrobial system was developed by using oregano essential oil (OEO) Pickering emulsion. The Pickering emulsion was stabilized by cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), which were from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) by selective oxidization ammonium persulfate. Factors affecting the stability of OEO Pickering emulsions, such as oil/water ratio, CNCs concentration, ionic concentration and pH, were studied and analysed by the measurement of the droplet sizes and Zeta potential. The results showed that the emulsions had good stability at higher CNCs concentration and pH values, or at lower oil/water ratio and salt concentration...
January 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Natielle Maria Costa Menezes, Wiaslan Figueiredo Martins, Daniel Angelo Longhi, Gláucia Maria Falcão de Aragão
The present study modeled the effect of oregano essential oil, as an antimicrobial agent, on the shelf-life of vacuum-packed cooked sliced ham, based on the growth of lactic acid bacteria natural microbiota under isothermal conditions. The bacterial growth in ham without oregano essential oil (control) and with 0.4% oregano essential oil (v/w) was evaluated at five different temperatures (6, 12, 15, 20 and 25°C). Baranyi and Roberts, and modified Gompertz primary models were fitted to microbial growth curves...
January 29, 2018: Meat Science
L Pradebon Brondani, T Alves da Silva Neto, R Antonio Freitag, R Guerra Lund
This study aimed to evaluate the anti-enzymatic activity of Origanum vulgare (oregano) essential oil against 15 strains of Candida albicans. Candida albicans samples were isolated from the oral mucosa of patients with denture stomatitis treated in a Dentistry school on a public university. Preparation of the inoculum was performed with a suspension of C. albicans reactivated 24h earlier in 5mL of sterile phosphate buffer saline (PBS) adjusted to a 0.5-turbidity on the MacFarland scale (1,5×108 UFC/mL). The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger-type machine and analyzed by gas chromatography...
February 2, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Ze-Xue Liu, Hong-Kui Wei, Yuan-Fei Zhou, Jian Peng
This study investigated the factors affecting piglet mortality (square root of mortality, SQRM) and average weaning weight (AWW) in commercial farms in central China. Information on sow diets, management and climate from 2478 weaning batches completed in 16 pig farms was collected from 2009 to 2013. Multi-level mixed models, which included batch level (level 1) and farm level (level 2), were used to analyze the factors associated with SQRM and AWW. The mean values of SQRM and AWW were 2.52% (SD = 0.96) and 7...
February 4, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Barbara Grzesiak, Barbara Kołodziej, Anna Głowacka, Henryk Krukowski
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of essential oils obtained from Thymus vulgaris L., Origanum vulgare L., Origanum majerana L., Mentha × piperita L. and Allium ursinum L. against Prototheca zopfii strains that cause inflammation of the udder (mastitis) in cows. The study was conducted on ten strains derived from milk samples. The microdilution method was used to determine the sensitivity of P. zopfii strains to the studied essential oils, and the disk diffusion method was used to determine the sensitivity to antifungal chemotherapeutics...
January 27, 2018: Mycopathologia
Giampiero Barbieri, Monica Bergamaschi, Marco Franceschini, Germana Barbieri
Pork loins were cooked with 5 different polyphenol-rich vegetable extracts: Polygonum cuspidatum, oregano extract, rosemary extract, white grape extract and green tea extract. These extracts were added to brine, taking into account their solubility, for subsequent injection and cooking. Loins with added vegetable extracts exhibited higher antioxidant effect compared to controls, as shown by the oxidized/reduced ascorbate ratio, the potential of reduction and the fat oxidation rate. However, some effects were observed in terms of taste, colour changes and, in some cases (green tea and oregano), presence of blots on meat slices...
May 2018: Meat Science
Chiara Rossi, Clemencia Chaves-López, Annalisa Serio, Fabrizio Anniballi, Luca Valbonetti, Antonello Paparella
AIMS: The study was focused on P. fluorescens strains isolated from Mozzarella cheese, with the aim of evaluating the effects of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil (OEO) on the biofilm formation and eradication, as well as on the motility and blue pigment production at 10°C. METHODS AND RESULTS: Microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentration of the OEO, which ranged between 10 and 40 μl ml-1 . In vitro studies demonstrated that a sub-lethal concentration of OEO influenced not only P...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
A Marcin, P Naď
The influence of essential oils (EOs) from medicinal and aromatic plants from sage (SA), cinnamon (CN), thyme (TH) and oregano (OR) on the amylolytic, proteolytic and cellulolytic activities in chyme of the duodenum (DU), the small (SI) and large intestine (LI), the caecum (CE) and the rectum (RE) as well as on the growth ability of laboratory ICR outbred mice were compared in four feeding trials. The negative control was present in the each trial. EOs were mixed into a feed mixture (crude protein (CP) 170...
December 30, 2017: Physiological Research
José Vicente Gómez, Andrea Tarazona, Rufino Mateo-Castro, José Vicente Gimeno-Adelantado, Misericordia Jiménez, Eva M Mateo
Recent research has showed that Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus are aflatoxigenic species that can become very competitive in the framework of climate change. Aflatoxins show carcinogenic, mutagenic, immunotoxic and teratogenic effects on human and animals. Effective and sustainable measures to inhibit these species and aflatoxins in food are required. Origanum vulgare and Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oils (EOs) and their major active constituents, carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde, respectively, were assayed for inhibiting these species and aflatoxin production in maize extract medium under different environmental conditions...
January 17, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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