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Discrete choice experiment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536998/life-impact-and-treatment-preferences-of-individuals-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-from-qualitative-interviews-and-focus-groups
#1
Henrik Svedsater, June Roberts, Chloe Patel, Jake Macey, Emma Hilton, Lisa Bradshaw
INTRODUCTION: The impact of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on individuals' lives may be substantial, yet clinical practice often focuses only on symptoms. We aimed to better understand the perspective of asthma or COPD patients and to identify condition-related burden, life impact, priorities, unmet needs, and treatment goals. METHODS: Individuals aged at least 18 years with asthma or COPD were identified by a recruitment panel via clinical referrals, support groups, consumer networks, and a patient database...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536955/using-discrete-choice-experiments-to-inform-the-benefit-risk-assessment-of-medicines-are-we-ready-yet
#2
Caroline M Vass, Katherine Payne
There is emerging interest in the use of discrete choice experiments as a means of quantifying the perceived balance between benefits and risks (quantitative benefit-risk assessment) of new healthcare interventions, such as medicines, under assessment by regulatory agencies. For stated preference data on benefit-risk assessment to be used in regulatory decision making, the methods to generate these data must be valid, reliable and capable of producing meaningful estimates understood by decision makers. Some reporting guidelines exist for discrete choice experiments, and for related methods such as conjoint analysis...
May 23, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527794/farmers-preferences-for-automatic-lameness-detection-systems-in-dairy-cattle
#3
T Van De Gucht, W Saeys, A Van Nuffel, L Pluym, K Piccart, L Lauwers, J Vangeyte, S Van Weyenberg
As lameness is a major health problem in dairy herds, a lot of attention goes to the development of automated lameness-detection systems. Few systems have made it to the market, as most are currently still in development. To get these systems ready for practice, developers need to define which system characteristics are important for the farmers as end users. In this study, farmers' preferences for the different characteristics of proposed lameness-detection systems were investigated. In addition, the influence of sociodemographic and farm characteristics on farmers' preferences was assessed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522162/implementing-shared-decision-making-for-diabetes-care-across-country-settings-what-really-matters-to-people
#4
Michela Tinelli, Panagiotis Petrou, George Samoutis, Vivie Traynor, George Olympios, Alistair McGuire
CONTEXT: Growing evidence of improved clinical outcomes and patient/professional satisfaction supports shared-decision-making (SDM) services as an effective primary care interventions for diabetes. However, only a few countries have actually adopted them (e.g. England). In other European countries (e.g. Cyprus) there is awareness that patients play a crucial role in decision-making, and SDM services could be considered as innovative strategies to promote the actual implementation of patient rights legislation and strengthen primary care...
May 10, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515194/do-patients-and-health-care-providers-have-discordant-preferences-about-which-aspects-of-treatments-matter-most-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-of-discrete-choice-experiments
#5
Mark Harrison, Katherine Milbers, Marie Hudson, Nick Bansback
OBJECTIVES: To review studies eliciting patient and healthcare provider preferences for healthcare interventions using discrete choice experiments (DCEs) to (1) review the methodology to evaluate similarities, differences, rigour of designs and whether comparisons are made at the aggregate level or account for individual heterogeneity; and (2) quantify the extent to which they demonstrate concordance of patient and healthcare provider preferences. METHODS: A systematic review searching Medline, EMBASE, Econlit, PsycINFO and Web of Science for DCEs using patient and healthcare providers...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511031/modeling-the-mental-health-service-utilization-decisions-of-university-undergraduates-a-discrete-choice-conjoint-experiment
#6
Charles E Cunningham, Robert B Zipursky, Bruce K Christensen, Peter J Bieling, Victoria Madsen, Heather Rimas, Stephanie Mielko, Fiona Wilson, Ivana Furimsky, Lisa Jeffs, Catharine Munn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504327/preferences-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-sickle-cell-disorder-a%C3%A2-discrete-choice-experiment-comparing-potential-service-users%C3%A2-and-health-care-providers
#7
Melissa Hill, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Frida Forya, Mary Petrou, Stephen Morris, Lyn S Chitty
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) for sickle-cell disorder (SCD) is moving closer to implementation and studies considering stakeholder preferences are required to underpin strategies for offering NIPD in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: Determine service user and provider preferences for key attributes of prenatal diagnostic tests for SCD and examine views on NIPD. METHOD: A questionnaire that includes a discrete choice experiment was used to determine the preferences of service users and providers for prenatal tests that varied across three attributes: accuracy, time of test and risk of miscarriage...
May 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494683/what-is-clearance-worth-patients-stated-risk-tolerance-for-psoriasis-treatments
#8
Angelyn O Fairchild, Shelby D Reed, F Reed Johnson, Greg Anglin, Anne M Wolka, Rebecca A Noel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide quantitative evidence of patients' tolerance for therapeutic risks associated with psoriasis treatments that could offer psoriasis improvements beyond the PASI 75 benchmark. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a discrete-choice experiment in which respondents chose between competing psoriasis treatments characterized by benefits (ie, reduced plaque severity, reduced plaque area), risks (ie, 10-year risk of tuberculosis, 10-year risk of death from infection), and treatment regimen...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490902/patient-and-physician-preferences-for-anticancer-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#9
Juan Marcos González, Sarika Ogale, Robert Morlock, Joshua Posner, Brett Hauber, Nicolas Sommer, Axel Grothey
OBJECTIVE: Many publications describe preferences for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening; however, few studies elicited preferences for anticancer-drug treatment for metastatic CRC (mCRC). This study was designed to elicit preferences and risk tolerance among patients and oncologists in the USA for anticancer drugs to treat mCRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 18 years or older with a self-reported diagnosis of mCRC and board-certified (or equivalent) oncologists who had treated patients with mCRC were recruited by two survey research companies from existing online patient panels in the USA...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483824/patients-preferences-for-gp-consultation-for-perceived-cancer-risk-in-primary-care-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#10
Katriina L Whitaker, Alex Ghanouni, Yin Zhou, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Stephen Morris
BACKGROUND: Contacting a doctor for advice when experiencing a potential cancer symptom is an important step in early diagnosis, but barriers to consultation are commonly reported. Understanding barriers to consulting in primary care within the cancer context provides opportunities to improve earlier diagnosis of cancer AIM: To investigate patients' GP consultation preferences when presented with a potential cancer symptom, and to describe whether these preferences are mediated by variable levels of cancer risk...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479408/the-impact-of-front-of-pack-marketing-attributes-versus-nutrition-and-health-information-on-parents-food-choices
#11
Catherine Georgina Russell, Paul F Burke, David S Waller, Edward Wei
Front-of-pack attributes have the potential to affect parents' food choices on behalf of their children and form one avenue through which strategies to address the obesogenic environment can be developed. Previous work has focused on the isolated effects of nutrition and health information (e.g. labeling systems, health claims), and how parents trade off this information against co-occurring marketing features (e.g. product imagery, cartoons) is unclear. A Discrete Choice Experiment was utilized to understand how front-of-pack nutrition, health and marketing attributes, as well as pricing, influenced parents' choices of cereal for their child...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477238/identifying-societal-preferences-for-river-restoration-in-a-densely-populated-urban-environment-evidence-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment-in-central-brussels
#12
Wendy Y Chen, Inge Liekens, Steven Broekx
One of the major challenges facing river restoration in densely populated urban areas has been the disparity between the expectations of policy-makers and societal preferences. This study aimed to elicit public preferences and elucidate underlying sources of preference heterogeneity, using the Zenne River in central Brussels, Belgium, as a case study. A discrete choice experiment was administered to a representative sample of the Brussels population. Five attributes were specified, including water quality, ecological status, hydromorphological features of channels, recreational opportunities, and monetary cost...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477080/choosing-a-doctor-does-presentation-format-affect-the-way-consumers-use-health-care-performance-information
#13
Patricia Kenny, Stephen Goodall, Deborah J Street, Jessica Greene
BACKGROUND: Choosing a new health service provider can be difficult and is dependent on the type and clarity of the information available. This study examines if the presentation of service quality information affects the decisions of consumers choosing a general medical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine the impact of presentation format on attribute level interpretation and relative importance. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment eliciting preferences for a general medical practice was conducted using four different presentation formats for service quality attributes: (1) frequency and percentage with an icon array, (2) star ratings, (3) star ratings with a text benchmark, and (4) percentage alone...
May 5, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474295/individual-preferences-for-child-and-adolescent-vaccine-attributes-a-systematic-review-of-the-stated-preference-literature
#14
REVIEW
Christine Michaels-Igbokwe, Shannon MacDonald, Gillian R Currie
BACKGROUND: Discrete choice experiments are increasingly used to assess preferences for vaccines and vaccine service delivery. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize and critically assess the application of discrete choice experiments in childhood/adolescent vaccines, to describe how discrete choice experiments have been applied to understand preferences, and to evaluate the use of discrete choice experiment data to inform estimates of vaccine uptake. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of six electronic databases...
May 4, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469840/do-the-equity-efficiency-preferences-of-the-israeli-basket-committee-match-those-of-israeli-health-policy-makers
#15
Amir Shmueli
BACKGROUND: Prioritization of medical technologies requires a multi-dimensional view. Often, conflicting equity and efficiency criteria should be reconciled. The most dramatic manifestation of such conflict is in the prioritization of new medical technologies asking for public finance performed yearly by the Israeli Basket Committee. The aim of this paper is to compare the revealed preferences of the 2006/7 Basket Committee's members with the declared preferences of health policy-makers in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446527/the-value-of-different-aspects-of-person-centred-care-a-series-of-discrete-choice-experiments-in-people-with-long-term-conditions
#16
Christopher D Burton, Vikki A Entwistle, Alison M Elliott, Nicolas Krucien, Terry Porteous, Mandy Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To measure the value the patients place on different aspects of person-centred care. DESIGN: We systematically identified four attributes of person-centred care. We then measured their value to 923 people with either chronic pain or chronic lung disease over three discrete choice experiments (DCEs) about services to support self-management. We calculated the value of each attribute for all respondents and identified groups of people with similar preferences using latent class modelling...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446212/doctors-preferences-in-de-escalating-dmards-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#17
T Martijn Kuijper, Riëtte Folmer, Elly A Stolk, Johanna M W Hazes, Jolanda J Luime
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines suggest reduction of DMARDs can be considered in RA patients in remission. Objectives were (1) to estimate the relative importance of patient characteristics rheumatologists consider in their decision to de-escalate (2) to assess whether heterogeneity exists among rheumatologists with respect to de-escalation and (3) to identify the preferred de-escalation strategy. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted. All rheumatologists and trainees in The Netherlands were invited to participate...
April 26, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434723/labeling-strategies-to-overcome-the-problem-of-niche-markets-for-sustainable-milk-products-the-example-of-pasture-raised-milk
#18
S Kühl, B Gassler, A Spiller
Pasture-raised milk is gaining in importance in some European countries and in the United States. The production of pasture-raised milk is linked to higher costs, as the milk is normally collected and processed separately from conventional barn milk. This could hinder the production of sustainable milk products. We discuss alternative labeling strategies that allow the mixing of pasture-raised (sustainable) and conventional milk to reduce costs and break free from the current niche market. The lower price would allow for more pasture-raised milk to be produced and enter the mainstream market...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429186/what-are-colorectal-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-dietary-advice-a-best-worst-discrete-choice-experiment
#19
Stuart J Wright, Debbie Gibson, Martin Eden, Simon Lal, Chris Todd, Andy Ness, Sorrel Burden
PURPOSE: Studies on healthy lifestyle interventions in survivors of colorectal cancer have been disappointing, demonstrating only modest changes. This study aims to quantify people's preferences for different aspects of dietary intervention. METHOD: A best-worst discrete choice experiment was designed and incorporated into a questionnaire including participants' characteristics and a self-assessment of lifestyle. RESULTS: The response rate was 68% and 179 questionnaires were analysed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417689/a-bayesian-hierarchical-model-for-discrete-choice-data-in-health-care
#20
Anna Liza M Antonio, Robert E Weiss, Christopher S Saigal, Ely Dahan, Catherine M Crespi
In discrete choice experiments, patients are presented with sets of health states described by various attributes and asked to make choices from among them. Discrete choice experiments allow health care researchers to study the preferences of individual patients by eliciting trade-offs between different aspects of health-related quality of life. However, many discrete choice experiments yield data with incomplete ranking information and sparsity due to the limited number of choice sets presented to each patient, making it challenging to estimate patient preferences...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
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