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Discrete choice experiment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812834/cost-effectiveness-of-rural-incentive-packages-for-graduating-medical-students-in-lao-pdr
#1
Eric Keuffell, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Khampasong Theppanya, Kate Tulenko
BACKGROUND: The dearth of health workers in rural settings in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and other developing countries limits healthcare access and outcomes. In evaluating non-wage financial incentive packages as a potential policy option to attract health workers to rural settings, understanding the expected costs and effects of the various programs ex ante can assist policy-makers in selecting the optimal incentive package. METHODS: We use discrete choice experiments (DCEs), costing analyses and recent empirical results linking health worker density and health outcomes to estimate the future location decisions of physicians and determine the cost-effectiveness of 15 voluntary incentives packages for new physicians in Lao PDR...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806764/do-labeled-versus-unlabeled-treatments-of-alternatives-names-influence-stated-choice-outputs-results-from-a-mode-choice-study
#2
Wen Jin, Hai Jiang, Yimin Liu, Erica Klampfl
Discrete choice experiments have been widely applied to elicit behavioral preferences in the literature. In many of these experiments, the alternatives are named alternatives, meaning that they are naturally associated with specific names. For example, in a mode choice study, the alternatives can be associated with names such as car, taxi, bus, and subway. A fundamental issue that arises in stated choice experiments is whether to treat the alternatives' names as labels (that is, labeled treatment), or as attributes (that is, unlabeled treatment) in the design as well as the presentation phases of the choice sets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801426/patient-preferences-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-after-injury-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#3
Bryce E Haac, Nathan N O'Hara, C Daniel Mullins, Deborah M Stein, Theodore T Manson, Herman Johal, Renan Castillo, Robert V O'Toole, Gerald P Slobogean
OBJECTIVE: Limited evidence for the optimal venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis regimen in orthopaedic trauma leads to variability in regimens. We sought to delineate patient preferences towards cost, complication profile, and administration route (oral tablet vs. subcutaneous injection). DESIGN: Discrete choice experiment (DCE). SETTING: Level 1 trauma center in Baltimore, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 232 adult trauma patients (mean age 47...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797940/values-for-the-icecap-supportive-care-measure-icecap-scm-for-use-in-economic-evaluation-at-end-of-life
#4
Elisabeth Huynh, Joanna Coast, John Rose, Philip Kinghorn, Terry Flynn
End of life care may have elements of value that go beyond health. A generic measure of the benefits of end of life care could be helpful to decision makers. Such a measure, based on the capability approach, has recently been developed: the ICECAP Supportive Care Measure. This paper reports the first valuation exercise for that measure, with data from 6020 individuals collected from an on-line general population panel during June 2013. Individuals were asked to complete a stated choice experiment that combined best-worst scaling and a standard discrete choice experiment...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797859/valuing-attributes-of-home-palliative-care-with-service-users-a-pilot-discrete-choice-experiment
#5
Barbara Gomes, Maja de Brito, Vera P Sarmento, Deokhee Yi, Duarte Soares, Jacinta Fernandes, Bruno Fonseca, Edna Gonçalves, Pedro L Ferreira, Irene J Higginson
CONTEXT: Discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a quantitative method that helps determine which service attributes are most valued by people and consequently improve their well-being. OBJECTIVES: To test a new DCE on home palliative care (HPC). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey using the DCE method with adult patients and their family caregivers, users of three HPC services in Portugal. Service attributes were based on a Cochrane review, a meta-ethnography, and the few existing DCEs on HPC: 1) team's availability, 2) support for family caregivers, 3) homecare support, 4) information and planning, and 5) waiting time...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797617/differences-in-waiting-list-prioritization-preferences-of-occupational-therapists-elderly-people-and-persons-with-disabilities-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#6
Marie-Hélène Raymond, Louise Demers, Debbie E Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preferences of occupational therapists, elderly people and adults with disabilities regarding prioritization criteria for occupational therapy waiting lists in home care. DESIGN: Discrete choice experiment survey. Respondents completed eight choice tasks where they were asked to choose which of two referral scenarios should be prioritized for services. Scenarios varied in terms of four attributes reflecting competing issues that come into play in waiting list prioritization: the person's ability to shower, ability to enter and exit the home, history of falls and time already spent on the waiting list...
August 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782387/cost-analysis-of-leuprorelin-acetate-in-japanese-pre-menopausal-breast-cancer-patients-comparison-between-6-month-and-3-month-depot-formulations
#7
Rei Goto, Akihito Uda, Shinzo Hiroi, Kosuke Iwasaki, Kenta Takashima, Junichi Kurebayashi
AIMS: The aim in this study is to evaluate economic value for leuprorelin acetate 6-month depot compared with leuprorelin acetate 3-month depot in Japanese pre-menopausal breast cancer patients from a societal perspective. METHODS: The cost analysis was conducted by estimating direct and indirect cost, and intangible costs associated with one 6-month injection compared with two 3-month injections. Claims data were used for the analyses of direct and indirect cost and Medical Fee Schedule Table for direct cost...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771249/parental-preferences-toward-genomic-sequencing-for-non-medically-actionable-conditions-in-children-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#8
Megan A Lewis, Alex Stine, Ryan S Paquin, Carol Mansfield, Dallas Wood, Christine Rini, Myra I Roche, Cynthia M Powell, Jonathan S Berg, Donald B Bailey
PurposeApplication of whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing is likely to increase in clinical practice, public health contexts, and research. We investigated how parental preference for acquiring information from genome-scale testing is influenced by the characteristics of non-medically actionable genetic disorders in children, as well as whether the preferences differed by gender and between African-American and white respondents.MethodsWe conducted a Web-based discrete-choice experiment with 1,289 parents of young children...
August 3, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758810/cost-analysis-of-leuprorelin-acetate-in-japanese-prostate-cancer-patients-comparison-between-6-month-and-3-month-depot-formulations
#9
Rei Goto, Akihito Uda, Shinzo Hiroi, Kosuke Iwasaki, Kenta Takashima, Mototsugu Oya
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the economic value for leuprorelin acetate 6-month depot compared with leuprorelin acetate 3-month depot from a societal perspective in Japanese prostate cancer patients. METHODS: The cost analysis estimated the reduction in direct and indirect costs as well as intangible costs saved by having one less injection. Claims data were used for the analyses of direct and indirect costs reduction. A discrete choice experiment based on a web-based survey estimated the monetary value of the intangible costs for one injection...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752223/discrete-choice-modelling-of-patient-preferences-for-modes-of-drug-administration
#10
Ebenezer Kwabena Tetteh, Steve Morris, Nigel Titcheneker-Hooker
The administration of (biologically-derived) drugs for various disease conditions involves consumption of resources that constitutes a direct monetary cost to healthcare payers and providers. An often ignored cost relates to a mismatch between patients' preferences and the mode of drug administration. The "intangible" benefits of giving patients what they want in terms of the mode of drug delivery is seldom considered. This study aims to evaluate, in monetary terms, end-user preferences for the non-monetary attributes of different modes of drug administration using a discrete-choice experiment...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750609/hemodialysis-patients-preferences-for-the-management-of-anemia
#11
Brett Hauber, John Caloyeras, Joshua Posner, Deborah Brommage, Spiros Tzivelekis, Allan Pollock
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is expected to result in a more patient-centered approach to care that aligns with patients' values, preferences, and goals for treatment. Nevertheless, no previous studies of which we are aware have evaluated patients' benefit-risk preferences for the management of anemia associated with ESRD. The primary objective of this study was to quantify the tradeoffs patients are willing to make between cardiovascular risks associated with some anemia medicines and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions...
July 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750605/hemodialysis-patients-preferences-for-the-management-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#12
Brett Hauber, John Caloyeras, Joshua Posner, Deborah Brommage, Vasily Belozeroff, Kerry Cooper
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement and patient-centered care are critical in optimally managing patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Understanding patient preferences is a key element of patient-centered care and shared decision making. The objective of this study was to elicit patients' preferences for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) associated with ESRD using a discrete-choice experiment survey. METHODS: Clinical literature, nephrologist input, patient-education resources, and a patient focus group informed development of the survey instrument, which was qualitatively pretested before its administration to a broader sample of patients...
July 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746348/adolescent-values-for-immunisation-programs-in-australia-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#13
Bing Wang, Gang Chen, Julie Ratcliffe, Hossein Haji Ali Afzali, Lynne Giles, Helen Marshall
OBJECTIVES: The importance of adolescent engagement in health decisions and public health programs such as immunisation is becoming increasingly recognised. Understanding adolescent preferences and further identifying barriers and facilitators for immunisation acceptance is critical to the success of adolescent immunisation programs. This study applied a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to assess vaccination preferences in adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional, national online survey in Australian adolescents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744106/evaluating-patient-preference-and-satisfaction-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-therapy-in-france
#14
Sylvie Brégigeon-Ronot, Antoine Cheret, André Cabié, Thierry Prazuck, Alain Volny-Anne, Shehzad Ali, Catherine Bottomley, Laurent Finkielsztejn, Caroline Philippe, Jean-Jacques Parienti
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 1) to elicit relative preferences for attributes of antiretroviral therapies (ART) in people living with HIV (PLWH) and 2) to explore satisfaction and adherence with current ART. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study, consecutively enrolling PLWH receiving an ART. The quantitative part estimated the strength of preference for different attributes using an online discrete choice experiment (DCE). DCE data were analyzed using a mixed logit regression model...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737045/pharmacist-s-demand-for-optimal-primary-care-service-delivery-in-a-community-pharmacy-the-optipharm-study
#15
Mark A Munger, Michael Walsh, Jon Godin, Michael Feehan
BACKGROUND: The US population continues to expand providing the need for primary health care services. Community pharmacies integrated with medicine may provide greater access while providing high quality care. OBJECTIVE: To gauge pharmacists' demand for primary health care services delivered through community pharmacies. METHODS: An online survey was administered to determine community pharmacists' preferences for varying primary care services that could be offered in the community pharmacy setting...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712627/testing-the-external-validity-of-a-discrete-choice-experiment-method-an-application-to-latent-tuberculosis-infection-treatment
#16
Tima Mohammadi, Nick Bansback, Fawziah Marra, Amir Khakban, Jonathon R Campbell, J Mark FitzGerald, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
OBJECTIVES: To explore the external validity and predictive power of stated preferences obtained from a discrete choice experiment (DCE) by comparing the predicted behavior of respondents to their actual choices at an individual level. METHODS: A DCE was performed in patients before being offered treatment for latent tuberculosis infection. A mixed logit model was estimated using hierarchical Bayes. The individual-specific preference coefficients were used to calculate the expected probability of choosing the treatment by each patient...
July 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712625/impact-of-survey-administration-mode-on-the-results-of-a-health-related-discrete-choice-experiment-online-and-paper-comparison
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Domino Determann, Mattijs S Lambooij, Ewout W Steyerberg, Esther W de Bekker-Grob, G Ardine de Wit
BACKGROUND: Electronic data collection is increasingly being used for discrete choice experiments (DCEs). OBJECTIVES: To study whether paper or electronic administration results in measurement effects. METHODS: Respondents were drawn from the same sample frame (an Internet panel) and completed a nearly identical DCE survey either online or on paper during the same period. A DCE on preferences for basic health insurance served as a case study...
July 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711241/analysis-of-farmers-willingness-to-participate-in-pasture-grazing-programs-results-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment-with-german-dairy-farmers
#18
M Danne, O Musshoff
Over the last decades, the usage of pasture for grazing of dairy cows has decreased considerably. Pasture grazing programs initiated by dairy companies try to counteract this trend. The present paper investigates farmers' willingness to participate in such grazing programs. A special aim was to quantify the price premiums farmers require for program participation and to identify determinants influencing the premium level. The empirical analysis is based on a discrete choice experiment with 293 German dairy farmers...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705893/evaluation-of-strategies-to-communicate-harmful-and-potentially-harmful-constituent-hphc-information-through-cigarette-package-inserts-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#19
Ramzi G Salloum, Jordan J Louviere, Kayla R Getz, Farahnaz Islam, Dien Anshari, Yoojin Cho, Richard J O'Connor, David Hammond, James F Thrasher
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulatory authority to use inserts to communicate with consumers about harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) in tobacco products; however, little is known about the most effective manner for presenting HPHC information. METHODS: In a discrete choice experiment, participants evaluated eight choice sets, each of which showed two cigarette packages from four different brands and tar levels (high vs low), accompanied by an insert that included between-subject manipulations (ie, listing of HPHCs vs grouping by disease outcome and numeric values ascribed to HPHCs vs no numbers) and within-subject manipulations (ie, 1 of 4 warning topics; statement linking an HPHC with disease vs statement with no HPHC link)...
July 13, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705730/emotions-as-discrete-patterns-of-systemic-activity
#20
REVIEW
Lauri Nummenmaa, Heini Saarimäki
Emotions organize human and animal behaviour by automatically adjusting their actions at multiple physiological and behavioural scales. Recently, pattern recognition techniques have emerged as an important tool for quantifying the neural, physiological, and phenomenological organization of emotions in humans. Here we review recent advances in our understanding of the human emotion system from the viewpoint of pattern recognition studies, focussing on neuroimaging experiments. These studies suggest, in general, clear and consistent categorical structure of emotions across multiple levels of analysis spanning expressive behaviour, subjective experiences, physiological activity, and neural activation patterns...
July 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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