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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105506/cutaneous-osteosarcoma-arising-from-a-burn-scar
#1
Min A Lee, Jaehyuck Yi, Jong Min Chae
Tumors that develop in old burn scars are usually squamous cell carcinomas. Sarcomas have also been reported, albeit rarely. To our knowledge, there has been only one case report of an extraskeletal osteosarcoma arising in a prior burn scar reported in the English-language literature, mainly discussing the clinicopathological features. Herein, we present a case of cutaneous osteosarcoma visualized as a mineralized soft-tissue mass arising from the scar associated with a previous skin burn over the back. This seems to be the first report describing the imaging features of a cutaneous osteosarcoma from an old burn scar...
January 19, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103996/-advances-in-the-research-of-burn-pain
#2
C L Yang, Z R Wei
Burn pain starts immediately after burn and may last through the whole course of treatment, and it even may accompany patients with deep burn in the phase of scar formation. Burn pain makes patients anxious for a long period of time, thus seriously lowers life quality of them. In recent years, researchers at home and abroad have had new understanding for ideas of treating burn pain, and reports about the treatment of burn pain have been growing. At present, attention to and knowledge about burn pain are far from enough in clinic...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103995/-advances-in-the-research-of-prevention-and-treatment-of-postburn-contractures-of-hand
#3
K A Wang, G S Wu, Y Sun, Z F Xia
Scar contracture deformity, which can lead to dysfunction of hand and low quality of life, is one of the common complication after hand burns. The prevention measures of scar contracture after hand burns include large skin grafting, prevention of infection, insistence on wearing pressure gloves, use of silicone sheets, wearing orthosis, accepting proper physical therapy, and early functional exercise. The primary treatments of postburn contractures of the hand are surgery, drugs, laser treatment, and rehabilitation therapy...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103165/burn-wound-healing-present-concepts-treatment-strategies-and-future-directions
#4
A Oryan, E Alemzadeh, A Moshiri
Burns are the most extensive forms of soft tissue injuries occasionally resulting in extensive and deep wounds and death. Burns can lead to severe mental and emotional distress, because of excessive scarring and skin contractures. Treatment of burns has always been a difficult medical problem and many different methods have been used to treat such injuries, locally. Biofilms are a collection of microorganisms that delay wound healing. One of the new methods of prevention and treatment of burn wound infections is application of antimicrobials, which act on biofilms and prevent the wound infection...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095550/the-diagnostic-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography-oct-in-measuring-the-depth-of-burn-and-traumatic-scars-for-more-accurate-laser-dosimetry-pilot-study
#5
Jill S Waibel, Ashley C Rudnick, Adam J Wulkan, Jon D Holmes
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, a number of optimal diagnostic technologies have emerged to assist in tissue visualization. Real-time monitoring of skin during laser therapies will help optimize laser parameters for more ef cient therapies. One of these technologies, optimal coherence tomography (OCT), may be used to help visualize burn and traumatic scars. When lasing severe scars, lasers have tunable pulse energies, which are made proportional to the scar thickness as estimated by palpation and the physician eye...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074719/-ten-tips-for-initial-assessment-and-treatment-of-minor-burns
#6
G L Vlaspolder, A F P M Vloemans, R S Breederveld
The initial care of a patient with burns is a challenge for every doctor. After cooling the burn appropriately, a careful history and a good initial assessment are of essential importance for treatment. The burn should be inspected regularly for early detection of any infection and to evaluate wound healing. If healing has not occurred in two weeks, hypertrophic scarring may develop and surgical treatment should be considered. It is always possible to contact the burns centres in Beverwijk, Rotterdam and Groningen to discuss treatment of the burn, any infection of a wound, consideration of surgical treatment, or transfer of a patient to a burn centre...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069345/patients-perspectives-on-quality-of-life-after-burn
#7
Marianne B Kool, Rinie Geenen, Marthe R Egberts, Hendriët Wanders, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The concept quality of life (QOL) refers to both health-related outcomes and one's skills to reach these outcomes, which is not yet incorporated in the burn-related QOL conceptualisation. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive overview of relevant burn-specific domains of QOL from the patient's perspective and to determine its hierarchical structure. METHODS: Concept mapping was used comprising a focus group (n=6), interviews (n=25), and a card-sorting task (n=24) in burn survivors...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#8
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063210/the-progress-and-challenges-for-dermal-regeneration-in-tissue-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Hanlei Zhou, Chuangang You, Ronghua Jin, Pan Wu, Qiong Li, Chunmao Han
Wound healing is an inherent response resulting in the restoration of tissue integrity. It is a complex process involving cell migration, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and the synthesis and remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The dermal tissue is an important component of skin that acts as a connecting link between the epidermis and hypodermis. The appearance of scars and contractures after autologous split-thickness skin transplantation or single epidermis diaphragm transplantation for full skin defects indicates that the dermal tissue plays an important role in skin regeneration...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055102/galectin-3-inhibition-by-a-small-molecule-inhibitor-reduces-both-pathological-corneal-neovascularization-and-fibrosis
#10
Wei-Sheng Chen, Zhiyi Cao, Hakon Leffler, Ulf J Nilsson, Noorjahan Panjwani
Purpose: Corneal neovascularization and scarring commonly lead to significant vision loss. This study was designed to determine whether a small-molecule inhibitor of galectin-3 can inhibit both corneal angiogenesis and fibrosis in experimental mouse models. Methods: Animal models of silver nitrate cautery and alkaline burn were used to induce mouse corneal angiogenesis and fibrosis, respectively. Corneas were treated with the galectin-3 inhibitor, 33DFTG, or vehicle alone and were processed for whole-mount immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis to quantify the density of blood vessels and markers of fibrosis...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054644/the-effectiveness-of-pressure-therapy-15-25%C3%A2-mmhg-for-hypertrophic-burn-scars-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jin-Wei Ai, Jiang-Tao Liu, Sheng-Duo Pei, Yu Liu, De-Sheng Li, Hong-Ming Lin, Bin Pei
Although pressure therapy (PT) represents the standard care for prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scar (HS) from burns, its practice is largely based on empirical evidence and its effectiveness remains controversial. To clarify the effect of PT (15-25 mmHg) for HS, we performed the systematic review and meta-analysis. Several electronic databases were screened to identify related randomized controlled trials (RCTs). 12 RCTs involving 710 patients with 761 HS resulting from burn injuries were included...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043735/a-prospective-intra-individual-evaluation-of-silk-combared-to-biobrane-for-the-treatment-of-superficial-burns-of-the-hand-and-face
#12
Jennifer Lynn Schiefer, Elena Arens, Daniel Grigutsch, Rebekka Rath, Alexandra Hoffmann, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Schulz
INTRODUCTION: An ever-increasing number of commercially available dressings have been applied to treat superficial burns with the aim to reduce pain and inflammation and lead to a fast wound healing and scar reduction. Nevertheless the search for cheap and effective wound dressing proceeds. Dressilk(®) consisting of silkworm silk showed good results for wound healing in regards to scarring, biocompatibility and reduction of inflammation and pain. Therefore it seemed to be an interesting product for the treatment of superficial burns...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043293/-reconstruction-of-perineal-obliteration-deformity-after-extensive-deep-burn-with-ilioinguinal-flap
#13
Y M Shen, C X Ma, F J Qin, C Wang, W L Du, C Zhang
Objective: To explore the effect of ilioinguinal flap on reconstruction of perineal obliteration deformity after extensive deep burn. Methods: Five patients with perineal obliteration deformity after extensive deep burn were hospitalized from January 2010 to June 2015, with total burn area ranging from 35% to 55% total body surface area, depth of full-thickness burn and wound deep to bone, and course of scar from 6 months to 3 years. Scars of patients were involved in bilateral groins, inner thighs, monsveneris, sacrococcygeal region, and central area of perineum...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041747/autologous-fat-grafting-does-not-improve-burn-scar-appearance-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#14
Shaili Gal, Jesus Ignacio Ramirez, Pirko Maguina
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that fat grafts can improve the appearance of mature burn scars. The pluripotent progenitor cells contained within autologous adipose tissue grafts are believed to induce skin repair and improve scar appearance. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the effects of fat grafts on the appearance of mature burn scars. METHODS: Pediatric burn survivors with mature scars were recruited for this study...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040371/predictive-validity-of-short-term-scar-quality-on-final-burn-scar-outcome-using-the-patient-and-observer-scar-assessment-scale-in-patients-with-minor-to-moderate-burn-severity
#15
H Goei, C H van der Vlies, W E Tuinebreijer, P P M van Zuijlen, E Middelkoop, M E van Baar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of the Patient and Observer Assessment Scale (POSAS), in order to determine whether it can be used to predict final scar quality. METHODS: Patients with a maximum TBSA burned of 20% who were treated in a Dutch burn center and participated in two scar assessments at 3 months and >18 months post-burn were included. Scar quality assessment consisted of the POSAS, Dermaspectrometer(®) (color) and Cutometer(®) (elasticity)...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040369/bathroom-scald-burns-in-queensland-children
#16
Hobia Gole, Roy Kimble, Kellie Stockton
AIM: To evaluate the current characteristics of bathroom scald injuries in Queensland Children. METHOD: Data was collected from patients who presented with a bathroom scald injury to the Stuart Pegg Paediatric Burns Centre at the Royal Children's Hospital and Lady Cilento Children's Hospital, Brisbane from January 2013 to December 2014. RESULTS: Bathroom scald burns represented 2.6% of total burns cases with an inpatient rate of 39%. The family home is the location of injury in 84% of cases and in 79% the patient was aged 2 years of age or younger...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040366/3d-printed-transparent-facemasks-in-the-treatment-of-facial-hypertrophic-scars-of-young-children-with-burns
#17
Yating Wei, Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Jun Liu, Lihua Xie, Shukai Yue
INTRODUCTION: Facial burns could create serious scar problems resulting disfigurement particularly on children. The conventional methods of producing transparent face masks for scar control remains complex and require dexterous skills of experienced clinician and patients' compliance during fitting. In this study, we adopted a portable 3D scanning and Computer-Aided Design (CAD) to produce 3D-printed transparent facemasks. Its efficacy was tested on two children with facial burns resulting hypertrophic scars...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034668/modified-vancouver-scar-scale-score-is-linked-with-quality-of-life-after-burn
#18
Vidya Finlay, Sally Burrows, Rosemary Kendell, Aaron Berghuber, Vincent Chong, Jason Tan, Dale W Edgar, Fiona Wood
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine if a scar quality is associated with quality of life (QoL) at six months post-burn and beyond. METHODS: Quantile regression models adjusted for covariates were used to demonstrate the relationship of modified Vancouver Scar Scale (mVSS) total (with and without pigmentation) and the mVSS components, to the Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B) scores (full scale, Affect and Relations domain, Skin Sensitivity domain)...
December 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033625/-analysis-of-critically-perfused-tissues-by-laser-speckle-contrast-analysis-lasca-perfusion-imaging
#19
A Limbourg, C Radtke, R Ipaktchi, P M Vogt
Background: The success of tissue transplantation and long-term tissue stability after wound healing depends on sufficient tissue perfusion. Laser Doppler-supported procedures allow for an objective measurement of relative tissue perfusion. The development of Speckle-based Laser Doppler imaging now enables a real-time representation of tissue perfusion. The perfusion of tissues relevant in plastic surgery such as scars, phalangeal replantations and burn wounds were systematically analysed by Laser Speckle Contrast Analysis (LASCA) imaging...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030558/loss-of-trpv4-function-suppresses-inflammatory-fibrosis-induced-by-alkali-burning-mouse-corneas
#20
Yuka Okada, Kumi Shirai, Masayasu Miyajima, Peter S Reinach, Osamu Yamanaka, Takayoshi Sumioka, Masahide Kokado, Katsuo Tomoyose, Shizuya Saika
In humans suffering from pulmonary disease and a mouse model, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel activation contributes to fibrosis. As a corneal alkali burn induces the same response, we determined if such an effect is also attributable to TRPV4 activation in mice. Accordingly, we determined if the alkali burn wound healing responses in wild-type (WT) mice are different than those in their TRPV4-null (KO) counterpart. Stromal opacification due to fibrosis in KO (n = 128) mice was markedly reduced after 20 days relative to that in WT (n = 157) mice...
2016: PloS One
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