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Appendicitis child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465653/predictors-of-hospitalization-among-children-on-art-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#1
Abraham Haileamlak, Tesfalem Hagos, Workeabeba Abebe, Loko Abraham, Henok Asefa, Alula M Teklu
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in the management of pediatric HIV infection in Ethiopia with the implementation of mother-to-child-prevention programs. Since the introduction of HAART in 2005, mortality among HIV-infected children has reduced while the rate of hospitalization was expected to rise. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to assess predictors of hospitalization in children on ART in seven university referral hospitals in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design was employed on children age 0-18 years as part of a multisite observational study...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345068/how-much-risk-are-emergency-department-patients-willing-to-accept-to-avoid-diagnostic-testing
#2
Jeremy Padalecki, K Tom Xu, Cynthia Smith, Lynn Carrasco, Justin Hensley, Peter B Richman
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of research evaluating the risk tolerance of Emergency Department (ED) patients. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of ED patients surveyed would be comfortable with ≥5% risk of adverse outcome if they avoided testing in several hypothetical scenarios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of stable inner-city ED patients. Patients completed a written survey and were asked four closed-answer questions regarding risk tolerance/willingness to refuse a test/procedure, including the following scenarios: #1: LP following CT head; #2 overnight serial troponins for rule out myocardial infarction; #3 CT for possible appendicitis, #4 parent deciding whether child should undergo head CT for low risk head injury...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248876/obturator-externus-abscess-in-a-9-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Charlotte de Bodman, Dimitri Ceroni, Justine Dufour, Pierre-Alex Crisinel, Aline Bregou-Bourgeois, Pierre-Yves Zambelli
RATIONALE: Obturator pyomyositis is a rare condition in children. Diagnosis is often delayed because of its rarity, and the vagaries of its presentation cause it to be easily be missed. Physicians should therefore familiarize themselves with this condition and consider it as a possible differential diagnosis in patients presenting with an acutely painful hip. Inflammatory syndrome is also frequent among sufferers and the MRI is a very sensitive diagnostic tool for obturator pyomyositis...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185689/imaging-of-acute-pelvic-pain-in-girls-ovarian-torsion-and-beyond-%C3%A2
#4
REVIEW
Lena Naffaa, Tejaswini Deshmukh, Shanthan Tumu, Chris Johnson, Kevin P Boyd, Arthur B Meyers
Identifying the etiology of acute pelvic pain in girls is often clinically challenging. Particularly in young girls, it is often difficult to determine if acute pelvic symptoms are originating from a gynecologic source or from a genitourinary or gastrointestinal etiology based on the child's clinical examination alone. Therefore, imaging plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis and in directing medical and surgical treatment. Pediatric gynecologic conditions, which can present acutely with pain or mass or both include ovarian torsion, hematometrocolpos, pelvic inflammatory disease, inguinal hernias containing an ovary or the uterus or both, adnexal cysts, pregnancy, vaginal foreign bodies, and ovarian vein thrombosis...
December 21, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063718/second-date-appendectomy-operating-for-failure-of-nonoperative-treatment-in-perforated-appendicitis
#5
Marco Lotti
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative treatment of acute appendicitis is embraced by many surgical teams, driven by low to moderate quality randomized studies that support noninferiority of antibiotics versus appendectomy for treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis. Several flaws of these studies have emerged, especially in the recruitment strategy and in the diagnostic criteria that were used. The growing confidence given to antibiotics, together with the lack of reliable criteria to distinguish between uncomplicated and perforated appendicitis, exposes patients with perforated appendicitis to the likelihood to be treated with antibiotics instead of surgery...
January 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062934/focused-ct-using-a-height-adjusted-metric-and-the-umbilicus-as-a-landmark-for-children-undergoing-evaluation-for-appendicitis
#6
Suzanne Roberts, Abigail F Nixon, James A Meltzer, Einat Blumfield
BACKGROUND: Confirmation of appendicitis in children often requires CT. A focused CT scan that is limited to the lower abdomen/pelvis might help to reduce radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: To determine the position of the appendix relative to the umbilicus and derive a height-adjusted threshold for a focused CT that would identify most appendices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of children younger than 18 years who underwent a CT scan for suspected appendicitis...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987102/characteristics-of-mesenteric-lymphadenitis-in-comparison-with-those-of-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#7
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Shir Stibbe, David Rekhtman, Daniel Weiss, Natalia Simanovsky, Dan Arbell, Saar Hashavya
Mesenteric lymphadenitis (ML) is considered as one of the most common alternative diagnosis in a child with suspected acute appendicitis (AA). In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with ML (n = 99) were compared in terms of demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings to patients diagnosed with AA (n = 102). This comparison was applied for both lymph nodes smaller and larger than 10 mm. When compared to patients with AA, patients with ML had significantly longer duration of symptoms prior to emergency department (ED) presentation (2...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916376/factors-predictive-of-complicated-appendicitis-in-children
#8
Xuan-Binh D Pham, Veronica F Sullins, Dennis Y Kim, Blake Range, Amy H Kaji, Christian M de Virgilio, Steven L Lee
BACKGROUND: The ability to predict whether a child has complicated appendicitis at initial presentation may influence clinical management. However, whether complicated appendicitis is associated with prehospital or inhospital factors is not clear. We also investigate whether hyponatremia may be a novel prehospital factor associated with complicated appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients (≤12 y) with appendicitis treated with appendectomy from 2000 to 2013 was performed...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775308/-appendicular-actinomycosis-as-a-cause-of-ileocecal-mass-in-children-case-report
#9
M Fernández Castilla, A Salazar Villacorta, A Martín Nalda, J C Ferreres Piñas, A Coma Muñoz, G Guillén Burrieza
INTRODUCTION: Appendicular actinomycosis is a rare disease produced by cecal appendix invasion by Actinomyces gender bacteria after a predisposing cause that disrupts mucosal barrier, such as acute appendicitis. The highest frequency appears in adults; however, there are cases in paediatric age described in literature. The aim of this article is to introduce a case of appendicular actinomycosis in a child with atypical presentation and to review the literature. CLINICAL CASE: 10-year-old boy transferred to our hospital due to intraoperative finding at a different centre of a right flank tumor, without identification of cecal appendix...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760719/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fibrinogen-to-differentiate-appendicitis-from-nonspecific-abdominal-pain-in-children
#10
Marcos Prada-Arias, José Luis Vázquez, Ángel Salgado-Barreira, Javier Gómez-Veiras, Margarita Montero-Sánchez, José Ramón Fernández-Lorenzo
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the biomarker fibrinogen (FB), along with the more traditional markers white blood cell count (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and C-reactive protein (CRP), to discriminate appendicitis from nonspecific abdominal pain (NSAP) in children. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated all children aged 5 to 15 years admitted for suspected appendicitis at an academic pediatric emergency department during 2 years...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661040/lead-poisoning-in-a-16-year-old-girl-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#11
REVIEW
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Horaţiu Moldovan, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, Maria Oana Mărginean
BACKGROUND: Lead is a toxic element of the environment which leads to major complications once it enters the blood stream, affecting multiple organs and systems of the body. METHODS: We present the case of a 16-year-old girl, diagnosed with lead poisoning after occupational exposure due to the fact that the girl was actively involved in the family's pottery business.History revealed that the girl participated in the process of pottery, her father was also diagnosed with lead poisoning 2 years before...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592212/time-of-day-and-appendicitis-impact-on-management-and-outcomes
#12
Frederick Thurston Drake, Neli E Mottey, Anthony A Castelli, Michael G Florence, Morris G Johnson, Scott R Steele, Richard C Thirlby, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Observational research has shown that delayed presentation is associated with perforation in appendicitis. Many factors that affect the ability to present for evaluation are influenced by time of day (eg, child care, work, transportation, and office hours of primary care settings). Our objective was to evaluate for an association between care processes or clinical outcomes and presentation time of day. METHODS: The study evaluated a prospective cohort of 7,548 adults undergoing appendectomy at 56 hospitals across Washington State...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376232/appendicitis-in-an-infant-with-atypical-features
#13
Shirin Sayyahfar, Fariba Jahangiri, Elham Zarei
Acute appendicitis is an uncommon and challenging disease in infancy. Usually, the clinical presentation in neonates and infants is non-specific and varies depending on the age of the child and duration of the disease. Diagnosis of incomplete and atypical Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants is also a challenging aspect and there is no gold standard for this diagnosis and sometimes fever is the only symptom that could be found. Herein, we report a 6-month infant with a 7 days of fever and bilateral pleural effusion, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, thrombocytosis, hypo-albominemia, normal abdominal ultrasound, and primary diagnosis of KD...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229509/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pediatric-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Michael M Moore, Afif N Kulaylat, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Brett W Engbrecht, Jonathan R Dillman, Sosamma T Methratta
Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of appendicitis in children has rapidly increased recently. This change has been primarily driven by the desire to avoid CT radiation dose. This meta-analysis reviews the diagnostic performance of MRI for pediatric appendicitis and discusses current knowledge of cost-effectiveness. We used a conservative Haldane correction statistical method and found pooled diagnostic parameters including a sensitivity of 96.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 94.3-97.8%), specificity of 96...
May 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186044/duplication-of-vermiform-appendix
#15
Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Tarooq Ahmad Reshi, Asiya Rashid
The vermiform appendix is a tubular, narrow, worm-shaped part of the alimentary canal that lies near the ileocecal junction and communicates with the caecum. Duplication of the vermiform appendix is rare, with a reported incidence of 0.004 %. Till now, fewer than 100 cases have been reported. We present a case of an 8-year-old male child with duplex appendix who presented to the emergency department of our institution with features of acute appendicitis.
February 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175718/acute-abdominal-pain-in-children
#16
Carin E Reust, Amy Williams
Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. Symptoms and signs that increase the likelihood of a surgical cause for pain include fever, bilious vomiting, bloody diarrhea, absent bowel sounds, voluntary guarding, rigidity, and rebound tenderness. The age of the child can help focus the differential diagnosis. In infants and toddlers, clinicians should consider congenital anomalies and other causes, including malrotation, hernias, Meckel diverticulum, or intussusception...
May 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077617/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-complicated-by-acalculous-cholecystitis-and-intussusception-and-following-recurrence-with-appendicitis
#17
Ahmet Kağan Özkaya, Ekrem Güler, Ahmet Çetinkaya, Ali Erdal Karakaya, Yalçın Göksügür, Ömer Katı, Ahmet Gökhan Güler, Mehmet Davutoğlu
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common childhood systemic vasculitis. Gastro-intestinal involvement occurs in two-thirds of patients. The characteristic skin lesions generally precede abdominal symptoms or present concurrently. A 7-year-old boy presented with intussusception and acalculous cholecystitis and had a cholecystectomy. Two weeks later he was re-admitted with features typical of HSP which responded to corticosteroids. Eleven months later he presented with abdominal pain and recurrence of HSP and, at laparotomy, there was acute appendicitis...
May 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073299/early-laparoscopic-management-of-appendicular-mass-in-children-still-a-taboo-or-time-for-a-change-in-surgical-philosophy
#18
Vikesh Agrawal, Himanshu Acharya, Roshan Chanchlani, Dhananjaya Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Early appendicectomy has been found to be a safe and better alternative for management of appendicular mass in various studies in adults, while very few studies report such advantages in the paediatric population. We conducted this study to assess the safety, efficacy and need of early laparoscopic appendicectomy (ELA) in child patients with appendicular mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with appendicular mass who underwent ELA at our institute between September 2011 and August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065691/an-unusual-case-of-appendiceal-carcinoid-tumor-in-a-child-case-report
#19
S Sushma, C S B R Prasad, K Mohan Kumar
Carcinoid tumors of the appendix are rare in children. They clinically present with features of acute appendicitis and are often diagnosed incidentally on the resected specimens. Local disease carries an excellent prognosis and simple appendicectomy suffices, whereas advanced cases need a right hemicolectomy. Clinicians must be aware of this under reported and rare tumor in chidren. We report a case of appendiceal carcinoid tumor in a 10 year old male child who presented with clinical features of acute appendicitis which was diagnosed on histopathological examination...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053160/trends-in-the-use-of-medical-imaging-to-diagnose-appendicitis-at-an-academic-medical-center
#20
Michael D Repplinger, Andrew C Weber, Perry J Pickhardt, Victoria P Rajamanickam, James E Svenson, William J Ehlenbach, Ryan P Westergaard, Scott B Reeder, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the trends in imaging use for the diagnosis of appendicitis. METHODS: A retrospective study covering a 22-year period was conducted at an academic medical center. Patients were identified by International Classification of Diseases-9 diagnosis code for appendicitis. Medical record data extraction of these patients included imaging test used (ultrasound, CT, or MRI), gender, age, and body mass index (BMI). The proportion of patients undergoing each scan was calculated by year...
September 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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