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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334507/comparative-study-of-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-commercial-jeffamines%C3%A2-and-polyethylenimine-in-cho-k1-cells
#1
Leniher Castan, Cristiano José da Silva, Eduardo Ferreira Molina, Raquel Alves Dos Santos
Jeffamines(®) are a family of polymers containing primary amine groups attached to the extremities of polyether backbone which can be used as biomaterials. They have been used in combination with polyethylenimine (PEI) to improve biocompatibility in drug and gene delivery systems. Despite these facts, very few studies have been done on cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of pure Jeffamines(®) or compared with PEI. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Jeffamines(®) and PEI in CHO-K1 cells...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334288/genome-sequencing-and-comparative-analysis-of-three-hypermucoviscous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strains-isolated-in-russia
#2
Angelina A Kislichkina, Anastasia I Lev, Ekaterina V Komisarova, Nadezhda K Fursova, Vera P Myakinina, Tatiana N Mukhina, Alexander A Bogun, Nikolay V Volozhantsev
The prevalence and characteristics of hypermucoviscous (HV) strains among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in Russian hospitals were investigated. The HV strains were accounted for 11% K. pneumoniae isolates collected on the period from 2011 to 2016, and were characterized by belonging to K1, K2, K20 and K57 serotypes. Whole genome sequences (WGSs) of K. pneumoniae HV clinical strains KPi261 (SCPM-O-B-7850) and KPB4010 (SCPM-O-B-7846) belonging to K1 and K2 capsular types, as well as WGSs of K. pneumoniae strain KPM9 (SCPM-O-B-7749) of K20 capsular type isolated from freshwater were completed...
March 9, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322963/the-effect-of-oxaloacetic-acid-on-tyrosinase-activity-and-structure-integration-of-inhibition-kinetics-with-docking-simulation
#3
Lin Gou, Jinhyuk Lee, Hao Hao, Yong-Doo Park, Yi Zhan, Zhi-Rong Lü
Oxaloacetic acid (OA) is naturally found in organisms and well known as an intermediate of citric acid cycle producing ATP. We evaluated the effects of OA on tyrosinase activity and structure via integrating methods of enzyme kinetics and computational simulations. OA was found to be a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase and its induced mechanism was the parabolic non-competitive inhibition type (IC50=17.5±0.5mM and Ki=6.03±1.36mM). Kinetic measurements by real-time interval assay showed that OA induced multi-phasic inactivation process composing with fast (k1) and slow (k2) phases...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322566/o6-corona-6-arenes-with-expanded-cavities-for-specific-complexation-with-c70
#4
Yao Lu, Zhan-Da Fu, Qing-Hui Guo, Mei-Xiang Wang
O6-Corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines with expanded cavities were synthesized by one-pot SNAr reaction between 3,6-dichlorotetrazine and aromatic diols. The macrocycle-to-macrocycle transformation involving IEDDA of tetrazine moieties with an enamine followed by denitrogenative aromatization afforded O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines. O6-Corona[6]arenes adopted coronary conformations yielding hexagonal cavities of varied sizes. While O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines complexed both C60 and C70 in a virtually nonselective manner, O6-corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines behaved as selective receptors to complex C70 with K1:1 values up to (3...
March 21, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321777/digoxin-reduces-the-mutagenic-effects-of-mitomycin-c-in-human-and-rodent-cell-lines
#5
Júlia Teixeira de Oliveira, Maria C da Silva Barbosa, Luiz F de Camargos, Isabella Viana Gomes da Silva, Fernando de Pilla Varotti, Luciana M da Silva, Leonardo Marmo Moreira, Juliana Pereira Lyon, Vanessa J da Silva Vieira Dos Santos, Fabio Vieira Dos Santos
Digoxin is a drug widely used to treat heart failure and studies have demonstrated its potential as anticancer agent. In addition, digoxin presents the potential to interact with a series of other compounds used in medicine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vitro the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and mutagenicity of digoxin and its potential to interact with the mutagen Mitomycin C (MMC). The cytotoxicity of digoxin was assessed by employing the MTT method and the comet assay was performed to assess the genotoxicity of this medicine in CHO-K1 and HeLa cell lines...
March 20, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317710/influence-of-microwave-vacuum-drying-on-glass-transition-temperature-gelatinization-temperature-physical-and-chemical-qualities-of-lotus-seeds
#6
Yingting Zhao, Yajun Jiang, Baodong Zheng, Weijing Zhuang, Yafeng Zheng, Yuting Tian
This study investigated the effects of microwave power density on effective moisture diffusion coefficient (Deff), glass transition temperature (Tg), gelatinization temperature (TP), physical and chemical qualities of lotus seeds during microwave vacuum drying. Deff increased by 42% and 127% at 15W/g and 20W/g, respectively, when compared with 10W/g. TP was negatively correlated with the relaxation times of T21 and T22, while Tg was negatively correlated with the relative areas A22. The rates of change of color were observed to be divided roughly into two periods, consisting of a rapid change caused by enzymatic browning and a slow change caused by non-enzymatic browning...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317128/comparison-of-dce-mri-kinetic-parameters-and-fmiso-pet-uptake-parameters-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#7
Urban Simoncic, Sara Leibfarth, Stefan Welz, Nina Schwenzer, Holger Schmidt, Gerald Reischl, Christina Pfannenberg, Christian la Fougère, Konstantin Nikolaou, Daniel Zips, Daniela Thorwarth
PURPOSE: Tumour hypoxia is a major cause of radiation resistance, often present in various solid tumours. Dynamic [(18) F]-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET imaging is able to reliably assess tumour hypoxia. Comprehensive characterization of tumour microenvironment through FMISO-PET and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MR multimodality imaging might be a valuable alternative to the dynamic FMISO-PET acquisition. The aim of this work was to explore the correlation between the FMISO-PET and DCE-MRI kinetic parameters...
March 20, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314275/relationship-between-ktrans-and-k1-with-simultaneous-versus-separate-mr-pet-in-rabbits-with-vx2-tumors
#8
Kyung Hee Lee, Seung Kwan Kang, Jin Mo Goo, Jae Sung Lee, Gi Jeong Cheon, Seongho Seo, Eui Jin Hwang
BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare the relationship between Ktrans from DCE-MRI and K1 from dynamic (13)N-NH3-PET, with simultaneous and separate MR/PET in the VX-2 rabbit carcinoma model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR/PET was performed simultaneously and separately, 14 and 15 days after VX-2 tumor implantation at the paravertebral muscle. The Ktrans and K1 values were estimated using an in-house software program. The relationships between Ktrans and K1 were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficients and linear/non-linear regression function...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303591/-31-p-magnetization-transfer-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-assessing-the-activation-induced-change-in-cerebral-atp-metabolic-rates-at-3-t
#9
Chen Chen, Mary C Stephenson, Andrew Peters, Peter G Morris, Susan T Francis, Penny A Gowland
PURPOSE: In vivo (31) P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) magnetization transfer (MT) provides a direct measure of neuronal activity at the metabolic level. This work aims to use functional (31) P MRS-MT to investigate the change in cerebral adenosine triphosphate (ATP) metabolic rates in healthy adults upon repeated visual stimuli. METHODS: A magnetization saturation transfer sequence with narrowband selective saturation of γ-ATP was developed for (31) P MT experiments at 3 T...
March 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301481/colec10-is-mutated-in-3mc-patients-and-regulates-early-craniofacial-development
#10
Mustafa M Munye, Anna Diaz-Font, Louise Ocaka, Maiken L Henriksen, Melissa Lees, Angela Brady, Dagan Jenkins, Jenny Morton, Soren W Hansen, Chiara Bacchelli, Philip L Beales, Victor Hernandez-Hernandez
3MC syndrome is an autosomal recessive heterogeneous disorder with features linked to developmental abnormalities. The main features include facial dysmorphism, craniosynostosis and cleft lip/palate; skeletal structures derived from cranial neural crest cells (cNCC). We previously reported that lectin complement pathway genes COLEC11 and MASP1/3 are mutated in 3MC syndrome patients. Here we define a new gene, COLEC10, also mutated in 3MC families and present novel mutations in COLEC11 and MASP1/3 genes in a further five families...
March 16, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298216/network-reconstruction-of-the-mouse-secretory-pathway-applied-on-cho-cell-transcriptome-data
#11
Anne Mathilde Lund, Christian Schrøder Kaas, Julian Brandl, Lasse Ebdrup Pedersen, Helene Faustrup Kildegaard, Claus Kristensen, Mikael Rørdam Andersen
BACKGROUND: Protein secretion is one of the most important processes in eukaryotes. It is based on a highly complex machinery involving numerous proteins in several cellular compartments. The elucidation of the cell biology of the secretory machinery is of great importance, as it drives protein expression for biopharmaceutical industry, a 140 billion USD global market. However, the complexity of secretory process is difficult to describe using a simple reductionist approach, and therefore a promising avenue is to employ the tools of systems biology...
March 15, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295194/anti-leukaemic-activity-of-the-tyk2-selective-inhibitor-ndi-031301-in-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#12
Koshi Akahane, Zhaodong Li, Julia Etchin, Alla Berezovskaya, Evisa Gjini, Craig E Masse, Wenyan Miao, Jennifer Rocnik, Rosana Kapeller, Jeremy R Greenwood, Hong Tiv, Takaomi Sanda, David M Weinstock, A Thomas Look
Activation of tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) contributes to the aberrant survival of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) cells. Here we demonstrate the anti-leukaemic activity of a novel TYK2 inhibitor, NDI-031301. NDI-031301 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TYK2 that induced robust growth inhibition of human T-ALL cell lines. NDI-031301 treatment of human T-ALL cell lines resulted in induction of apoptosis that was not observed with the JAK inhibitors tofacitinib and baricitinib. Further investigation revealed that NDI-031301 treatment uniquely leads to activation of three mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), resulting in phosphorylation of ERK, SAPK/JNK and p38 MAPK coincident with PARP cleavage...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285722/bacteriophage-sp6-encodes-a-second-tailspike-protein-that-recognizes-salmonella-enterica-serogroups-c2-and-c3
#13
Dana Gebhart, Steven R Williams, Dean Scholl
SP6 is a salmonella phage closely related to coliphage K1-5. K1-5 is notable in that it encodes two polysaccharide-degrading tailspike proteins, an endosialidase that allows it to infect E. coli K1, and a lyase that enables it to infect K5 strains. SP6 is similar to K1-5 except that it encodes a P22-like endorhamnosidase tailspike, gp46, allowing it to infect group B Salmonella. We show here that SP6 can also infect Salmonella serogroups C2 and C3 and that a mutation in a putative second tailspike, gp47, eliminates this specificity...
March 10, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284080/introduction-of-a-carbon-paste-electrode-based-on-nickel-carbide-for-investigation-of-interaction-between-warfarin-and-vitamin-k1
#14
Maryam Torkashvand, Mohammad Bagher Gholivand, Avat Arman Taherpour, Arash Boochani, Arsalan Akhtar
In this paper a novel electrochemical sensor based on nickel carbide (Ni3C) nanoparticles as a new modifier was constructed. Ni3C nanoparticle was synthesized and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and first-principles study. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies confirmed the electrode modification. Afterwards, the new electrode for the first time was used for interaction study between vitamin K1 and warfarin as an anticoagulant drug by differential pulse voltammetry...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283090/cytotoxicities-and-genotoxicities-of-cements-based-on-calcium-silicate-and-of-dental-formocresol
#15
Hyunjung Ko, Youngdan Jeong, Miri Kim
Increasing interest is being paid to the toxicities of dental materials. The purpose of this study was to determine the cytotoxicities and genotoxicities of endodontic compounds to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) reproductive cells. Cultured CHO-K1 cells were treated with dental formocresol, two types of calcium hydroxide paste, and two types of mineral trioxide aggregate cement for 24h. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay was performed on each culture, and the micronucleus frequency was determined by performing a micronucleus assay...
March 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279559/new-derivatives-of-quinoline-4-carboxylic-acid-with-antiplasmodial-activity
#16
Patrick Hochegger, Johanna Faist, Werner Seebacher, Robert Saf, Pascal Mäser, Marcel Kaiser, Robert Weis
New analogues of the recently published compound DDD107498 were prepared. Their activities were examined in vitro against the chloroquine-sensitive NF54 strain. The most active were also tested against the multiresistant K1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. A couple of the newly synthesized compounds showed promising antiplasmodial activity and selectivity. A single compound showed adequate reduction of parasitaemia (98.1%) in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei. Survival time was doubled compared to control...
February 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275931/the-concentration-of-vanadium-in-pathologically-altered-human-kidneys
#17
Aleksandra Wilk, Barbara Wiszniewska, Dagmara Szypulska-Koziarska, Paulina Kaczmarek, Maciej Romanowski, Jacek Różański, Marcin Słojewski, Kazimierz Ciechanowski, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Elżbieta Kalisińska
Vanadium has a unique and beneficial effect on both humans and animal organisms; however, excessive amount of the above-mentioned metal can cause many alterations in tissues and organs, including the kidneys. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of vanadium (V) in the kidneys removed from patients due to lesions of various etiologies, including the rejection of the transplanted kidneys. Additionally, we determined the influence of selected biological and environmental factors on the V concentration...
March 9, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275666/data-representing-two-separate-lc-ms-methods-for-detection-and-quantification-of-water-soluble-and-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-tears-and-blood-serum
#18
Maryam Khaksari, Lynn R Mazzoleni, Chunhai Ruan, Robert T Kennedy, Adrienne R Minerick
Two separate liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS) methods were developed for determination and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in human tear and blood serum samples. The water-soluble vitamin method was originally developed to detect vitamins B1, B2, B3 (nicotinamide), B5, B6 (pyridoxine), B7, B9 and B12 while the fat-soluble vitamin method detected vitamins A, D3, 25(OH)D3, E and K1. These methods were then validated with tear and blood serum samples. In this data in brief article, we provide details on the two LC-MS methods development, methods sensitivity, as well as precision and accuracy for determination of vitamins in human tears and blood serum...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273638/antimalarial-activity-and-safety-assessment-of-flueggea-virosa-leaves-and-its-major-constituent-with-special-emphasis-on-their-mode-of-action
#19
Shiv Vardan Singh, Ashan Manhas, Yogesh Kumar, Sonali Mishra, Karuna Shanker, Feroz Khan, Kumkum Srivastava, Anirban Pal
A clinical emergency stands due to the appearance of drug resistant Plasmodium strains necessitate novel and effective antimalarial chemotypes, where plants seem as the prime option, especially after the discovery of quinine and artemisinin. The present study was aimed towards bioprospecting leaves of Flueggea virosa for its antimalarial efficacy and active principles. Crude hydro-ethanolic extract along with solvent derived fractions were tested in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum CQ sensitive (3D7) and resistant (K1) strains, where all the fractions exhibited potential activity (IC50 values <10μg/mL) against both the strains...
March 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273582/a-diffusive-gradients-in-thin-films-technique-for-the-assessment-of-bisphenols-desorption-from-soils
#20
Dong-Xing Guan, Jian-Lun Zheng, Jun Luo, Hao Zhang, William Davison, Lena Q Ma
Desorption/adsorption of bisphenols (BPs) in soils affects their mobility and availability. However, the kinetics of these processes have not been well studied, due to the lack of appropriate means of measurement. Diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique can assess kinetic processes in soils and have recently been developed for measuring three BPs (BPA, BPB and BPF). DGT was deployed for 2.5h to 20 d in five soils with different soil properties. Non-linear increase in mass accumulation by DGT with time indicated poor resupply of BPs from soil solid to solution phase...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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