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Teng-Fei Lu, Wei Li, Jie Chen, Fu-Quan Bai, Jian Wang, Ling-Jun He, Hong-Xing Zhang
In this work, we designed three dyes (Ru1, Ru2, and Ru3) by modifying the square-planar quadridentate ligand of the experimental Ru(ii) complex K1, [RuL(trans-NCS)2] with L = dimethyl-6,60-bis(methyl-2-pyridylamino)-2,20-bipyridine-4,40-dicarboxylate, from a theoretical viewpoint. As is known, K1 shows obvious advantages over the famous dye N749 in light absorption ability because of its highly conjugated ancillary ligands. Density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory methods were used to determine the geometrical structures, electronic structures and absorption spectra of the dye complexes...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jianzhong Ma, Chengzhu Zhu, Jun Lu, Tao Wang, Shuheng Hu, Tianhu Chen
The photochemical reaction between biphenyl (Bp) and N(III) under irradiation at 365 nm UV light was investigated. The results showed that Bp conversion efficiency was strongly influenced by N (III) concentration, Bp initial concentration and pH. Species-specific rate constants determined by reaction of Bp with H2ONO(+) (k1), HONO (k2) and NO2(-) (k3) were k1 = (0.058 ± 0.005 L mol(-1) s(-1)), k2 = (0.12 ± 0.06 L mol(-1) s(-1)) and k3 = (0.0019 ± 0.0003 L mol(-1) s(-1)), respectively...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
ZhuYing Cai, Wei Yang, YingYing He, Qingge Chen, ShiQiang Wang, Xuming Luo, Xiongbiao Wang
An 87-year-old woman developed abdominal wall hematoma and upper gastrointestinal bleeding during treatment with cefoperazone/sulbactam for pneumonia. The woman received cefoperazone/sulbactam at 4.5 g twice daily for intravenous infusion. After 7 days, she developed sudden onset of left lower abdominal pain, associated with subcutaneous mass, and vomited a coffee-colored liquid. Investigations revealed a coagulation index abnormality and activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time increased obviously...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Martha M Yeshanew, Luigi Frunzo, Vincenzo Luongo, Francesco Pirozzi, Piet N L Lens, Giovanni Esposito
The present work studied the start-up process of a mesophilic (37 ± 2 °C) anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) operated at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 20 days using synthetic carbohydrate rich wastewater. Anox Kaldness-K1 carriers were used as biofilm carrier material. The reactor performance and biofilm formation were evaluated during the process. The start-up process at lower liquid recirculation flow rate enhanced the biofilm formation and reactor performance. The organic substrate composition had a major impact on early colonization of methanogenic archaea onto the surface of the Kaldness carriers during the start-up process...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Salwa Mansur Ali, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Seng-Kai Ong, Muhammad Raza Shah, Ayaz Anwar, Peter J Heard, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Infectious diseases remain a significant threat to human health, contributing to more than 17 million deaths, annually. With the worsening trends of drug resistance, there is a need for newer and more powerful antimicrobial agents. We hypothesized that animals living in polluted environments are potential sources of antimicrobials. Under polluted milieus, organisms such as cockroaches encounter different types of microbes, including superbugs. Such creatures survive the onslaught of superbugs and are able to ward off disease by producing antimicrobial substances...
October 14, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Martin Bauer, Rudolf Karch, Nicolas Tournier, Salvatore Cisternino, Wolfgang Wadsak, Marcus Hacker, Peter Marhofer, Markus Zeitlinger, Oliver Langer
: P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) is expressed at the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) where it may control distribution of drugs from blood to the retina and thereby influence drug efficacy and toxicity. METHODS: We performed PET scans with the ABCB1 substrate (R)-(11)C-verapamil in 5 healthy male volunteers without and with concurrent infusion of the ABCB1 inhibitor tariquidar. We estimated the rate constants for radiotracer transfer across the BRB (K1, k2) and total retinal distribution volume VT...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Kenn Foubert, Taposh Gorella, Ahmad Faizal, Paul Cos, Louis Maes, Sandra Apers, Danny Geelen, Luc Pieters
Within an ongoing research program on saponins with potential antileishmanial activity, four previously undescribed saponins were isolated from Maesa argentea leaves and identified by LC-MS/MS, GC-MS, and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy as 3β-O-{([β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-[β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl)}-21β-angeloyloxy-22α-butanoyloxy-13β,28-oxidoolean-16α,28α-diol (1), 3β-O-{([β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-[β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl)}-21β,22α-angeloyloxy-13β,28-oxidoolean-16α,28α-diol (2), 3β-O-{([β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-[β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl)}-21β-angeloyloxy-22α-(E)-cinnamoyloxy-13β,28-oxidoolean-16α,28α-diol (3), and 3β-O-{([α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-[β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl)}-21β-angeloyloxy-22α-(E)-cinnamoyloxy-13β,28-oxidoolean-16α,28α-diol (4)...
October 13, 2016: Planta Medica
Maria Fusaro, Maurizio Gallieni, Maria Antonietta Rizzo, Andrea Stucchi, Pierre Delanaye, Etienne Cavalier, Rosa M A Moysés, Vanda Jorgetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Sandro Giannini, Fabrizio Fabris, Andrea Aghi, Stefania Sella, Francesco Galli, Valentina Viola, Mario Plebani
Vitamin K (phylloquinone or vitamin K1 and menaquinones or vitamin K2) plays an important role as a cofactor in the synthesis of hepatic blood coagulation proteins, but recently has also aroused an increasing interest for its action in extra-hepatic tissues, in particular in the regulation of bone and vascular metabolism. The accurate measurement of vitamin K status in humans is still a critical issue. Along with indirect assays, such as the undercarboxylated fractions of vitamin K-dependent proteins [prothrombin, osteocalcin (OC), and matrix gla protein], the direct analysis of blood levels of phylloquinone and menaquinones forms might be considered a more informative and direct method for assessing vitamin K status...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Fabiana Cro', Cristina Lapucci, Emilio Vicari, Ginevra Salsi, Nicola Rizzo, Antonio Farina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a new method for fetal Kell genotyping by means of the allelic discrimination of K1 and K2 in real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODS: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction incorporating an allele-specific primer was developed for detecting the K allele of KEL. RESULTS: By means of this method, the K1/K2 genotype was able to be determined in all blood samples analyzed. Results using cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) from two Kell-negative pregnant women confirmed the Kell-positive genotype of fetuses...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Ori Gidron, Michael Jirásek, Michael Wörle, François Diederich
Enantiopure alleno-acetylenic ligands, containing two chiral allene moieties, assemble diastereoselectively with zinc(II) ions to form trinuclear triple-stranded helicates, featuring two internal cavity binding sites ("helicages"). The addition of cycloalkanes or heteroalicycles results in inclusion complex formation with two guest molecules bound in one helicate. While no positive allosteric effects were observed, the chiroptical responses increased strongly upon complexation, with guest-induced circular dichroism (ICD) signals reaching up to ΔΔϵ=205 m(-1)  cm(-1) ...
October 10, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kara M Harmatys, Anthony J Musso, Kasey J Clear, Bradley D Smith
Administration of exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) to cancerous tissue leads to intracellular production of photoactive protoporphyrin IX, a biosynthetic process that enables photodynamic therapy and fluorescence-guided surgery of cancer. Cell uptake of 5-ALA is limited by its polar structure and there is a need for non-toxic chemical additives that can enhance its cell permeation. Two zinc-bis(dipicolylamine) (ZnBDPA) compounds were evaluated for their ability to promote uptake of 5-ALA into Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-K1) cells and produce protoporphyrin IX...
October 7, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Sayyedmostafa Habibi-Khorassani, Mehdi Shahraki, Sayedeh Shadfar Pourpanah, Ebrahim Mollashahi, Shabnam Keshavarz
In this work, synthesis and the feasibility of utilizing a modern in situ spectroscopic method (UV-vis spectrophotometry) has been demonstrated in order to investigate the reaction kinetics between arylaldehydes, malononitrile and dimedone in a mixture of ethanol and water as solvent in the presence of caffeine as a biodegradable catalyst. Attempts for mechanistic insight into the synthesis of a derivative of 4H-tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyrans included spectral kinetics approaches which revealed specific limiting conditions...
October 6, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Surya Paudel, Beatrix Stessl, Claudia Hess, Angelika Zloch, Michael Hess
BACKGROUND: Various information about the genetic diversity of Escherichia coli isolates from chickens are available but a detailed epidemiological investigation based upon isolates obtained from interrelated pullet and layer flocks is still missing. Therefore, in the course of a longitudinal epidemiological study on pullets and layers, 144 E. coli isolates from chickens with or without pathological lesions of the reproductive tract were serotyped and genotyped with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Shubin Hong, Shuang Yu, Jin Li, Yali Yin, Yujie Liu, Quan Zhang, Hongyu Guan, Yanbing Li, Haipeng Xiao
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in multiple biological processes. MiR-20b has been reported to be dysregulated in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the functional roles are still largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the biological functions and the underlying molecular mechanisms of miR-20b in PTC. METHOD: The expression of miR-20b was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in 47 pairs of PTC and adjacent normal thyroid tissues...
October 7, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Øivind Midttun, Adrian McCann, Ove Aarseth, Marit Krokeide, Gry Kvalheim, Klaus Meyer, Per Magne Ueland
Targeted metabolic profiling characterized by complementary platforms, multiplexing and low volume consumption are increasingly used for studies using biobank material. Using liquid-liquid extraction, we developed a sample workup suitable for quantification of 6 fat- and 26 water-soluble biomarkers. 50μL of serum/plasma was mixed with dithioerythritol, ethanol and isooctane/chloroform. The organic layer was used for analysis of the fat-soluble vitamins all-trans retinol (A), 25-hydroxyvitamin D2, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, α-tocopherol (E), γ-tocopherol (E) and phylloquinone (K1) by LC-MS/MS...
October 7, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Luisa A Ferreira, Vladimir N Uversky, Boris Y Zaslavsky
Partition coefficients of non-ionic essentially nonpolar compounds between air and rat biological tissues and between blood and other tissues were examined and found to be linearly interrelated according to the previously established equation for partition coefficients of solutes in aqueous two-phase systems: log Kblood-tissue-1 = k0 + k1 log Kblood-tissue-2 + k2 log Kblood-tissue-3, where k0, k1, and k2 are constants. Analysis of partition coefficients of amphiphilic and ionizable drugs between blood and different tissues in rats in vivo showed that the above relationship holds for the blood-tissue partition coefficients of these compounds as well...
September 28, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
L Kristopher Siu, Yu-Kuo Tsai, Jung-Chung Lin, Te-Li Chen, Chang-Phone Fung, Feng-Yee Chang
In this study, a novel colloidal gold-based immunochromatographic strip (ICS) containing anti-K. pneumoniae capsular polysaccharide polyclonal antibodies was developed to specifically detect K. pneumoniae serotypes K1 and K2. Capsular polysaccharide K1 and K2 antigens were first used to produce polyclonal anti-K1 or -K2 antibodies. Reference strains with different serotypes, non-typable K. pneumoniae strains, and other bacterial species were then used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of these test strips...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Soo Min Noh, Jin Hyoung Park, Myung Sin Lim, Jong Won Kim, Gyun Min Lee
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell cultivation for production of therapeutic proteins is accompanied by production of metabolic wastes, mostly ammonia and lactate. To reduce ammonia production, the glutamine synthetase (GS) system was used to develop therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb)-producing CHO cells (SM-0.025). Additionally, the lactate dehydrogenase-A (LDH-A) was downregulated with shRNA to reduce lactate production in SM-0.025. The resulting mAb-producing cell lines (#2, #46, and #52) produced less ammonia than the host cell line during the exponential phase due to GS protein overexpression...
October 4, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Hui Teng, Lei Chen, Hongbo Song
Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb (AP) has already been applied in practice for the treatment of different disorders and is available to access without the provision of a medical prescription. The present study aims at investigating the effect of bioactive compounds isolated from AP on the improvement of insulin resistance, figuring out the mechanism in insulin-responsive cell lines. Five compounds were isolated from AP using column chromatography, including agrimonolide (K1), desmethylagrimonolide (K2), tormentic acid (K3), ursolic acid (K4), and quercetin (K5)...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Elizabeth Finbarrs-Bello, Emmanuel Nebeuwa Obikili, Esom Emmanuel Anayochukwu, Anyanwu Emeka Godson
AIM: This study evaluated the curative potential of Crinum giganteum in the treatment of schizophrenia using an NMDA-receptor antagonist-induced schizophrenic Wistar rat model. METHODS: Twenty-five adult Wistar rats of both sexes of average weights 180 g were divided into two groups: control and schizophrenic rat models. The controls received 0.1 ml of 0. 9% saline, while schizophrenia was induced in models using 25 mg/kg of ketamine hydrochloride (i.p.) for 7 days...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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