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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187169/prognostic-value-of-circulating-tumor-dna-in-patients-with-colon-cancer-systematic-review
#1
Gaowei Fan, Kuo Zhang, Xin Yang, Jiansheng Ding, Zujian Wang, Jinming Li
The application of circulating tumor DNA(ctDNA) represents a non-invasive method for tumor detection. Its prognostic significance in patients with colorectal cancer is controversial. We performed a systematic review of data from published studies to assess the prognostic values of ctDNA in patients with colorectal cancer. We searched Medline, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases to identify eligible studies reporting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) stratified by ctDNA prior to December 6, 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168393/enhanced-colorectal-cancer-metastases-in-the-alcohol-injured-liver
#2
Ashley M Mohr, John J Gould, Jacy L Kubik, Geoffrey A Talmon, Carol A Casey, Peter Thomas, Dean J Tuma, Benita L McVicker
Metastatic liver disease is a major cause of mortality in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Alcohol consumption is a noted risk factor for secondary cancers yet the role of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) in colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is not defined. This work evaluated tumor cell colonization in the alcoholic host liver using a novel preclinical model of human CRC liver metastases. Immunocompromised Rag1-deficient mice were fed either ethanol (E) or isocaloric control (C) diets for 4 weeks prior to intrasplenic injection of LS174T human CRC cells...
February 6, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086834/detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-with-ck20-rt-pcr-is-an-independent-negative-prognostic-marker-in-colon-cancer-patients-a-prospective-study
#3
Sebastian Hinz, Alexander Hendricks, Amke Wittig, Clemens Schafmayer, Jürgen Tepel, Holger Kalthoff, Thomas Becker, Christian Röder
BACKGROUND: Detection of circulating (CTC) or disseminated tumor cells (DTC) has been associated with negative prognosis and outcome in patients with colorectal cancer, though testing for these cells is not yet part of clinical routine. There are several different methodological approaches to detect tumor cells but standardized detection assays are not implemented so far. METHODS: In this prospective monocentric study 299 patients with colon cancer were included...
January 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075552/nanoparticles-coated-with-neutrophil-membranes-can-effectively-treat-cancer-metastasis
#4
Ting Kang, Qianqian Zhu, Dan Wei, Jingxian Feng, Jianhui Yao, Tianze Jiang, Qingxiang Song, Xunbin Wei, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Xiaoling Gao, Jun Chen
The dissemination, seeding and colonization of circulating tumor cells (CTC) serves as the root of distant metastasis. As a key step in the early stage of metastasis formation, colonization of CTC in the (pre-) metastatic niche appears to be a valuable target. Evidence showed that inflammatory neutrophils possess both CTC- and niche-targeting property by the intrinsic cell adhesion molecules on neutrophils. Inspired by this mechanism, we developed a nanosize neutrophil-mimicking drug delivery system (NM-NP) by coating neutrophils membranes on the surface of poly (latic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (NP)...
January 11, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064442/tumor-derived-spheroids-relevance-to-cancer-stem-cells-and-clinical-applications
#5
REVIEW
Tatsuya Ishiguro, Hirokazu Ohata, Ai Sato, Kaoru Yamawaki, Takayuki Enomoto, Koji Okamoto
Recently, many types of in vitro three-dimensional (3D) culture systems have been developed to recapitulate the in vivo growth conditions of cancer. The cancer 3D culture methods aim to preserve the biological characteristics of original tumors better than conventional two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures, and include tumor-derived organoids, tumor-derived spheroids, organotypic multicellular spheroids, and multicellular tumor spheroids. The 3D culture methods differ in terms of cancer cell sources, protocols for cell handling, and the required time intervals...
January 8, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064009/targeted-sustained-delivery-of-antineoplastic-agent-with-multicomponent-polylactide-stereocomplex-micelle
#6
Kexin Shen, Di Li, Jingjing Guan, Jianxun Ding, Zhongtang Wang, Jingkai Gu, Tongjun Liu, Xuesi Chen
A c(RGDfC)-decorated polylactide stereocomplex micelle (cRGD-SCM) was prepared through the stereocomplex and hydrophobic interactions among 4-arm poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(D-lactide) (4-arm PEG-b-PDLA), methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-lactide) (mPEG-b-PLLA), and c(RGDfC)-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-lactide) (cRGD-PEG-b-PLLA) for targeted treatment of αvβ3 integrin-positive C26 colon cancer. Doxorubicin (DOX), a model antitumor drug, was loaded into cRGD-SCM with a diameter of approximately 100nm, and the drug loading efficiency was 45...
January 5, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042085/sequential-hifu-heating-and-nanobubble-encapsulation-provide-efficient-drug-penetration-from-stealth-and-temperature-sensitive-liposomes-in-colon-cancer
#7
Joshua VanOsdol, Kalyani Ektate, Selvarani Ramasamy, Danny Maples, Willie Collins, Jerry Malayer, Ashish Ranjan
Mild hyperthermia generated using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and microbubbles (MBs) can improve tumor drug delivery from non-thermosensitive liposomes (NTSLs) and low temperature sensitive liposomes (LTSLs). However, MB and HIFU are limited by the half-life of the contrast agent and challenges in accurate control of large volume tumor hyperthermia for longer duration (>30min.). The objectives of this study were to: 1) synthesize and characterized long-circulating echogenic nanobubble encapsulated LTSLs (ELTSLs) and NTSLs (ENTSLs), 2) evaluate in vivo drug release following short duration (~20min each) HIFU treatments administered sequentially over an hour in a large volume of mouse xenograft colon tumor, and 3) determine the impact of the HIFU/nanobubble combination on intratumoral drug distribution...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032524/classifying-circulating-tumor-cells-to-monitor-cancer-progression
#8
Panagiota Economopoulou, Vassilis Georgoulias, Athanasios Kotsakis
The term 'liquid biopsy' refers to molecular analysis of a tumor's genetic features based on circulating genetic material in the peripheral blood derived from circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating miRNAs, and has emerged as a minimally invasive tool in early cancer diagnosis and disease monitoring. CTCs are believed to originate from the primary tumor and obtain genetic heterogeneity during evolution. Areas covered: The presence of CTCs has been associated with poor clinical outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer...
February 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029553/somatic-mutation-detection-using-various-targeted-detection-assays-in-paired-samples-of-circulating-tumor-dna-primary-tumor-and-metastases-from-patients-undergoing-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases
#9
Nick Beije, Jean C Helmijr, Marjolein J A Weerts, Corine M Beaufort, Matthew Wiggin, Andre Marziali, Cornelis Verhoef, Stefan Sleijfer, Maurice P H M Jansen, John W M Martens
Assessing circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising method to evaluate somatic mutations from solid tumors in a minimally-invasive way. In a group of twelve metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients undergoing liver metastasectomy, from each patient DNA from cell-free DNA (cfDNA), the primary tumor, metastatic liver tissue, normal tumor-adjacent colon or liver tissue, and whole blood were obtained. Investigated was the feasibility of a targeted NGS approach to identify somatic mutations in ctDNA. This targeted NGS approach was also compared with NGS preceded by mutant allele enrichment using synchronous coefficient of drag alteration technology embodied in the OnTarget assay, and for selected mutations with digital PCR (dPCR)...
October 10, 2016: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024211/conservative-approach-to-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-a-case-report
#10
G C Ginesu, M Barmina, M L Cossu, C F Feo, A Fancellu, F Addis, A Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic Portal Venous Gas (HPVG), a rare condition in which gas accumulates in the portal venous circulation, is often associated with a significant underlying pathology, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, intra-abdominal abscess, endoscopic procedures, mesenteric ischemia, abdominal trauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we report a case of HPVG in an 82-year-old patient who underwent a left colectomy for stenosing tumor of the descending colon...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008330/increased-levels-of-circulating-and-tumor-infiltrating-granulocytic-myeloid-cells-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#11
Salman M Toor, Azharuddin Sajid Syed Khaja, Haytham El Salhat, Omar Bekdache, Jihad Kanbar, Mohammed Jaloudi, Eyad Elkord
Increased levels of myeloid cells, especially myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), have been reported to correlate with bad prognosis and reduced survival in cancer patients. However, limited data are available on their conclusive phenotypes and their correlation with clinical settings. The aim of this study was to investigate levels and phenotype of myeloid cells in peripheral blood and tumor microenvironment (TME) of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, compared to blood from healthy donors (HDs) and paired, adjacent non-tumor colon tissue...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007957/molecular-portrait-of-metastasis-competent-circulating-tumor-cells-in-colon-cancer-reveals-the-crucial-role-of-genes-regulating-energy-metabolism-and-dna-repair
#12
Catherine Alix-Panabières, Laure Cayrefourcq, Thibault Mazard, Thierry Maudelonde, Eric Assenat, Said Assou
BACKGROUND: Unraveling the molecular mechanisms that regulate the biology of metastasis-competent circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is urgently needed to understand metastasis formation and tumor relapse. Our group previously established the first cell line (CTC-MCC-41) derived from metastasis-competent CTCs of a patient with colon cancer. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the transcriptome of CTC-MCC-41 cells using Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays with the aim of unraveling the molecular basis of their special features (stem cell properties and ability to initiate and support metastasis formation)...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995993/prkar1a-is-a-functional-tumor-suppressor-inhibiting-erk-snail-e-cadherin-pathway-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#13
Shaoqiang Wang, Yuanda Cheng, Yingying Zheng, Zhiwei He, Wei Chen, Wolong Zhou, Chaojun Duan, Chunfang Zhang
Protein Kinase cAMP-Dependent Regulatory Type I Alpha (PRKAR1A) is a tissue-specific extinguisher that transduces a signal through phosphorylation of different target proteins. Loss of PRKAR1A was frequently observed in endocrine neoplasia and stromal cell tumors. However, a few cases were seen in epithelial tumors. Previously, we first found that PRKAR1A was downregulated in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Thus, the present study aimed to clarify its clinical implication and biological function as a tumor suppressor in lung adenocarcinoma...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993206/local-and-systemic-th17-immune-response-associated-with-advanced-stage-colon-cancer
#14
Stephen P Sharp, Dorina Avram, Steven C Stain, Edward C Lee
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the immunologic microenvironment changes during tumor progression and metastatic spread. Recently, murine models have shown the T-helper 17 (Th17) pathway to play an important role in promoting colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to compare cytokine profiles in the tumor microenvironment of CRC between local disease (stages I/II) and advanced disease (stages III/IV), and to determine whether these changes were manifest in the systemic circulation of patients with advanced disease...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991924/cooperation-among-heterogeneous-prostate-cancer-cells-in-the-bone-metastatic-niche
#15
K Shahriari, F Shen, A Worrede-Mahdi, Q Liu, Y Gong, F U Garcia, A Fatatis
The growth of disseminated tumor cells into metastatic lesions depends on the establishment of a favorable microenvironment in the stroma of the target organs. Here we show that mice treated with anakinra, an antagonist of the interleukin (IL)-1β receptor (IL-1R), or harboring a targeted deletion of IL-1R are significantly less prone to develop bone tumors when inoculated in the arterial circulation with human prostate cancer (PCa) cells expressing IL-1β. Interestingly, human mesenchymal stem cells exposed in vitro to medium conditioned by IL-1β-expressing cancer cells responded by upregulating S100A4, a marker of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), and this effect was blocked by anakinra...
December 19, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942765/stochastic-phenotypic-interconversion-in-tumors-can-generate-heterogeneity
#16
Giuseppina Simone
Phenotype variations define heterogeneity in biological and molecular systems, and play a crucial mechanistic role, and heterogeneity has been demonstrated in tumor cells. In this work, cells from blood of patients affected by colon cancer were analyzed and sorted using a microfluidic assay based on galactose-active moieties and incubated for culturing in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Based on the results of these experiments, a model based on Markov theory is implemented and discussed to explain the equilibrium existing between phenotypes of cell subpopulations sorted using the microfluidic assay...
March 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929469/the-colon-26-carcinoma-tumor-bearing-mouse-as-a-model-for-the-study-of-cancer-cachexia
#17
Andrea Bonetto, Joseph E Rupert, Rafael Barreto, Teresa A Zimmers
Cancer cachexia is the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and adipose tissue, negative nitrogen balance, anorexia, fatigue, inflammation, and activation of lipolysis and proteolysis systems. Cancer patients with cachexia benefit less from anti-neoplastic therapies and show increased mortality(1). Several animal models have been established in order to investigate the molecular causes responsible for body and muscle wasting as a result of tumor growth. Here, we describe methodologies pertaining to a well-characterized model of cancer cachexia: mice bearing the C26 carcinoma(2-4)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866242/elevated-systemic-interleukin-7-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-and-individuals-at-high-risk-of-cancer-association-with-lymph-node-involvement-and-tumor-location-in-the-right-colon
#18
Malgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka, Marek Zawadzki, Katarzyna Neubauer, Iwona Bednarz-Misa, Sabina Górska, Jerzy Wiśniewski, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Andrzej Gamian
Interleukin (IL)-7 is a cytokine essential for protective immunity, and it is considered as a promising agent for cancer immunotherapy. Recent studies, however, appear to associate IL-7 with aggressiveness of solid tumors. The IL-7 has been less studied in colorectal cancer (CRC) and conditions associated with increased risk of CRC development. To explore IL-7 status in bowel diseases, it was measured immunofluorometrically in 431 individuals (110 with CRC) by using Luminex platform. A level of IL-7 in CRC patients was significantly higher than in controls, did not differ from those with adenomas, but was lower than in both active and inactive inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cases...
February 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826041/smc1a-recruits-tumor-associated-fibroblasts-tafs-and-promotes-colorectal-cancer-metastasis
#19
Pengyang Zhou, Nan Xiao, Jian Wang, Zhanhuai Wang, Shuchun Zheng, Siyang Shan, Jianping Wang, Jinlin Du, Jianwei Wang
Tumor-associated-fibroblasts (TAFs) are the most important host cells in the stroma and take part in extracellular matrix construction and cancer colony development. During cancer colonization, seed cells from primary tumor can reconstruct the microenvironment by recruiting circulating cancer cells and TAFs to the metastasis site. Previous studies have established that SMC1A, a subunit of cohesin, is an important trigger signal for liver metastasis in colorectal cancer. We investigated the particular effects as well as the underlying mechanism of SMC1A on TAFs recruitment during liver metastasis of colorectal cancer...
January 28, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821903/proteomic-approaches-to-biomarker-discovery-in-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra Ion, Iris Maria Popa, Laura Maria Lucia Papagheorghe, Cristina Lisievici, Mihai Lupu, Vlad Voiculescu, Constantin Caruntu, Daniel Boda
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is the most frequently encountered type of skin lymphoma in humans. CTCL encompasses multiple variants, but the most common types are mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS). While most cases of MF run a mild course over a period of many years, other subtypes of CTCL are very aggressive. The rapidly expanding fields of proteomics and genomics have not only helped increase knowledge concerning the carcinogenesis and tumor biology of CTCL but also led to the discovery of novel markers for targeted therapy...
2016: Disease Markers
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