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Cholestasis in neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#1
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110237/the-effect-of-fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsion-and-soybean-oil-based-lipid-emulsion-on-cholestasis-associated-with-long-term-parenteral-nutrition-in-premature-infants
#2
Leilei Wang, Jing Zhang, Jiejin Gao, Yan Qian, Ya Ling
Purpose. To retrospectively study the effect of fish oil-based lipid emulsion and soybean oil-based lipid emulsion on cholestasis associated with long-term parenteral nutrition in premature infants. Methods. Soybean oil-based lipid emulsion and fish oil-based lipid emulsion had been applied in our neonatology department clinically between 2010 and 2014. There were 61 qualified premature infants included in this study and divided into two groups. Soybean oil group was made up of 32 premature infants, while fish oil group was made up of 29 premature infants...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901605/cytomegalovirus-identification-in-blood-and-urine-of-newborns-by-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction
#3
P C Niz Xavier, P Gonçalves Vieira, T de Souza Arantes, M Yano, L V Martinelli Tavares, A M Duarte Miglioli, C S Martinbianco Figueiredo, A Sousa Martins, D Bastista Palhares
AIM: To study the frequency of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in newborns admitted to the Division of Neonatology, using nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA to detect differences in blood and urine specimens. METHODS: The study was carried out for eight months. Newborns (n = 520) hospitalized in five hospitals in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, were checked for CMV by analysing blood and urine samples. RESULTS: Cytomegalovirus was PCR positive in 13 urine and 10 blood samples...
May 7, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22761487/how-to-use-alkaline-phosphatase-in-neonatology
#4
REVIEW
Robert J Tinnion, Nicholas D Embleton
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is regularly measured in clinical practice. Changes in serum levels are observed in a number of clinical conditions. In neonatology, it has been proposed as a useful marker for both a diagnosis and an indication of the severity of metabolic bone disease (MBD) in infants born preterm. Nutritional practices, aimed at reducing the occurrence or severity of MBD, have led to ALP being proposed as a stand-alone means of monitoring treatment. The current evidence does not support this use: ALP only achieves usefulness in a diagnostic and monitoring capacity when combined with other serum and imaging techniques...
August 2012: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18353236/-pathogenesis-and-progress-in-treatment-of-neonatal-total-parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis
#5
REVIEW
Ming-zhe Zhu, Ruo-bing Shan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2008: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17568029/a-multicenter-randomized-trial-of-prophylactic-fluconazole-in-preterm-neonates
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paolo Manzoni, Ilaria Stolfi, Lorenza Pugni, Lidia Decembrino, Cristiana Magnani, Gennaro Vetrano, Elisabetta Tridapalli, Giuseppina Corona, Chiara Giovannozzi, Daniele Farina, Riccardo Arisio, Franco Merletti, Milena Maule, Fabio Mosca, Roberto Pedicino, Mauro Stronati, Michael Mostert, Giovanna Gomirato
BACKGROUND: Invasive candida infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole for the prevention of fungal colonization and infection in very-low-birth-weight neonates. METHODS: During a 15-month period, all neonates weighing less than 1500 g at birth from eight tertiary Italian neonatal intensive care units (322 infants) were randomly assigned to receive either fluconazole (at a dose of either 6 mg or 3 mg per kilogram of body weight) or placebo from birth until day 30 of life (day 45 for neonates weighing <1000 g at birth)...
June 14, 2007: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16734127/role-of-some-viral-infections-in-neonatal-cholestasis
#7
Osama T Amer, Hanan A Abd El-Rahma, Laila M Sherief, Hani F Hussein, Ayman F Zeid, Azza M Abd El-Aziz
Viral infection is one of the postulated causes of neonatal cholestasis. In addition to earlier reports on the association of viral infection and intrahepatic cholestasis (IH), recent studies have suggested a similar link to extra hepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). The aim of this work was to evaluate the role of some viral infections in neonates presenting with cholestasis to the Neonatology Ward of Zagazig University Hospitals. Sixty-two neonates were included in the study (44 cholestatic neonates and 18 apparently healthy neonates as the control group)...
2004: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
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