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Wensheng Zhang, Wanzhuo He, Xiaodong Shi, Xiao Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Minghua Hu, Fangli Ma, Ning Tao, Guiqin Wang, Zhihai Qin
Despite decades of research, malignant tumors are extremely difficult to eliminate with conventional methods. Although surgical resection potentially eradicates the problem, only a few cases are suitable for operation, and other approaches often involve harmful consequences. Revolutionary methods are desperately needed to improve patient outcomes and diminish harmful side effects. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), downregulators of the innate and adaptive immune systems, have been widely studied over the past 2 decades...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Debarati Chattopadhyay, Kavitha Thirumurugan
Past investigations have shown that various plant extracts are capable of promoting longevity in lower model organisms like Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Bombyx mori etc. Longevity studies on such organisms provide a foundation to explore anti-aging efficacies of such plant extracts in higher organisms. Plant extracts of acai palm, apple, asparagus, blueberry, cinnamon, cocoa, Damnacanthus, maize, mistletoe, peach, pomegranate, Rhodiola, rose, Sasa, turmeric, and Withania have extended lifespan in lower model organisms via diverse mechanisms like insulin like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway, and antioxidant defense mechanisms...
March 8, 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Karen M Davies, Thorsten B Blum, Werner Kühlbrandt
We used electron cryo-tomography and subtomogram averaging to investigate the structure of complex I and its supramolecular assemblies in the inner mitochondrial membrane of mammals, fungi, and plants. Tomographic volumes containing complex I were averaged at ∼4 nm resolution. Principal component analysis indicated that ∼60% of complex I formed a supercomplex with dimeric complex III, while ∼40% were not associated with other respiratory chain complexes. The mutual arrangement of complex I and III2 was essentially conserved in all supercomplexes investigated...
March 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fabiola Moreno-Olivas, Elad Tako, Gretchen J Mahler
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NP) may be present in food packaging, which would put consumers at risk of NP ingestion. There is little information on the amount of ZnO NP that are present in food packaging and the effects of ZnO exposure on intestinal function. To estimate physiologically relevant ZnO exposures, foods that are naturally low in zinc (Zn), but are commonly packaged with ZnO NP, such as tuna, corn, and asparagus, were analyzed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It was found that the Zn present in a serving of these foods is approximately one hundred times higher than the recommended dietary allowance...
March 1, 2018: Food & Function
Kashif Maqbool Khan, Lutfun Nahar, Abdul Mannan, Muhammad Arfan, Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Afaf Al-Groshi, Andrew Evans, Nicola M Dempster, Fyaz M D Ismail, Satyajit D Sarker
Background: Asparagus adscendens Roxb. (Asparagaceae), is native to the Himalayas. This plant has been used in the prevention and effective treatment of various forms of cancers. Objective: This paper reports, for the first time, on the cytotoxicity of the methanol (MeOH) extract of the roots of A. adscendens and its solid-phase extraction (SPE) fractions against four human carcinoma cell lines and LC-ESI-QTOF-MS analysis of the SPE fractions. Materials and Methods: Finely powdered roots of A...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Y Yusha'u, U A Muhammad, M Nze, J M Egwuma, O J Igomu, M Abdulkadir
Flavonoids have been demonstrated to possess an anti-depressant effect and less adverse effects than tricyclic anti-depressants. For this reason, flavonoids in natural products have attracted growing attention. Rutin is a glycoside flavonoid which belongs to an important class of flavonoids, abundantly found in plants, such as buckwheat seeds, asparagus, red pepper, apples, citrus fruits and leaves of many herbs such as rosemary, dandelion or sage, and black and green tea.  It is a vital nutritional component of food stuff...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Sabahu Noor, Z F Bhat, Sunil Kumar, Reshan J Mudiyanselage
Asparagus racemosus was used as a bioactive ingredient for the development of a novel calcium alginate edible film with preservative potential for improved lipid oxidative stability and storage quality of meat products. Chevon sausages were used as a model system and were aerobically packaged in the edible films incorporated with A. racemosus viz. T0 (0.0%), T1 (1.0%) and T2 (2.0%) and were stored under refrigerated (4 ± 1 °C) conditions. Products packaged in T1 and T2 edible films exhibited significantly (P < 0...
February 2, 2018: Meat Science
Khaoula Adouni, Hassiba Chahdoura, Habib Mosbah, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M González-Paramás, María Ciudad-Mulero, Ângela Fernandes, Ricardo C Calhelha, Patricia Morales, Guido Flamini, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Lotfi Achour
The nutritional values and phytochemical composition of young shoots of wild Asparagus stipularis Forssk. from Tunisia were determined in this study. The antioxidant (tested by four different in vitro assays) and antiproliferative properties (against human tumour cell lines) of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of the young shoots were also investigated. The obtained results indicated that the young shoots are a potential source of valuable nutrients and dietary fiber, and their hydroalcoholic extract showed marked antioxidant and antiproliferative activities in all tested assays...
February 16, 2018: Food & Function
John R Pannell, Jörn Gerchen
The canonical model for the evolution of separate sexes in plants invokes sterility mutations at two linked loci. A new study claims to have found them in asparagus, but the order of their origin does not conform to expectation.
January 22, 2018: Current Biology: CB
D N Duque-Gamboa, M F Castillo-Cárdenas, L M Hernández, Y C Guzmán, M R Manzano, N Toro-Perea
Prodiplosis longifila is reported as a pest of a wide range of species cultivated in America, including citrus, solanaceous species and asparagus. This species has different behavioural traits that are primarily centred on the oviposition habit and the feeding of larvae, which can change depending on the host. However, scarce information is available on population studies and the natural history of this insect, and uncertainty exists about the taxonomic identity and the geographic distribution of this species...
January 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
D S Karuna, Prasanta Dey, Shibu Das, Amit Kundu, Tejendra Bhakta
Objective: The purpose of the study is to investigate potential of antioxidant property of ethanolic root extract of Asparagus racemosus Linn (EEAR). Methods: In vitro evaluation antioxidant property of EEAR was done using various methods like DPPH scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and nitric oxide scavenging activity. HPTLC fingerprint analysis was performed for qualitative determination of possible number of components from the ethanolic extract...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Anuradha Ramamoorthy, Brian M Sadler, J G Coen van Hasselt, Jeroen Elassaiss-Schaap, Sreeneeranj Kasichayanula, Alena Y Edwards, Piet H van der Graaf, Lei Zhang, John A Wagner
The consumption of asparagus is associated with the production of malodorous urine with considerable interindividual variability (IIV). To characterize the urinary odor kinetics after consumption of asparagus spears, we conducted a study with consenting attendees from two American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT) meetings. Subjects were randomized to eat a specific number of asparagus spears, and then asked to report their urinary odor perception. Eighty-seven subjects were included in the final analysis...
December 14, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
Jikang Wu, Anice Sabag-Daigle, Thomas O Metz, Brooke Deatherage Kaiser, Venkat Gopalan, Edward J Behrman, Vicki H Wysocki, Brian Ahmer
The food-borne bacterial pathogen, Salmonella enterica, can utilize fructose-asparagine (F-Asn) as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. F-Asn is the product of an Amadori rearrangement following the non-enzymatic condensation of glucose and asparagine. Heating converts F-Asn via complex Maillard reactions to a variety of molecules that contribute to the color, taste, and aroma of heated foods. Among these end derivatives is acrylamide, which is present in some foods, especially in fried potatoes. The F-Asn utilization pathway in Salmonella, specifically FraB, is a potential drug target because inhibition of this enzyme would lead to intoxication of Salmonella in the presence of F-Asn...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Margitta Worm, Gunter Sturm, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Victoria Cardona, Ioana Maris, Sabine Dölle
This review presents the current trends in anaphylaxis management discussed at the fourth International Network for Online-Registration of Anaphylaxis (NORA) conference held in Berlin in April 2017. Current data from the anaphylaxis registry show that Hymenoptera venom, foods, and pharmaceutical drugs are still among the most frequent triggers of anaphylaxis. Rare triggers include chicory, cardamom, asparagus, and goji berries. A meta-analysis on recent trends in insect venom anaphylaxis demonstrated for the first time that, although data on the efficacy of insect venom immunotherapy is limited, the occurrence of severe reactions upon repeated sting events can be prevented and patients' quality of life improved...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Hyun Ah Lee, Bo Ram Song, Hye Ryeong Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Woo Bin Yun, Jin Ju Park, Mi Lim Lee, Jun Young Choi, Hee Seob Lee, Dae Youn Hwang
Roots of Asparagus cochinchinesis have been widely used to treat fever, cough, kidney disease, breast cancer, inflammatory and brain disease, although the effects of their fermented products have not been assessed until now. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages of a butanol extract from A. cochinchinensis roots fermented with Weissella cibaria (BAW), alterations in the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-mediated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) induction pathway and inflammatory cytokine expression were measured in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jingjing Zhang, Wenqiang Tan, Zhenpeng Zhang, Yinping Song, Qing Li, Fang Dong, Zhanyong Guo
As an abundant and renewable polysaccharide, chitosan has been drawing broad attention due to its natural properties. For the further utilization of chitosan, chemical modification can be applied in improving its water solubility and the bioactivities. In this study, four chitosan derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of chloracetyl chitosan derivative with quaternary ammonium salt (CTCS) and urea groups bearing 4-amino-pyridine, including BCTCS, 2CBCTCS, 3CBCTCS, and 4CBCTCS. The structure characteristics of synthesized products were established based on FT-IR spectroscopy, (1)H NMR, and elemental analysis...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yang Gyu Ku, Dong Hyeon Kang, Choung Keun Lee, Si Young Lee, Chan Seok Ryu, Dong Eok Kim, Martin Polovka, Jacek Namieśnik, Shela Gorinstein
Evaluation of functional and bioactive compounds of Asparagus officinalis L. growing in conventional and organic greenhouse and conventional open - field farming was the aim of this research. Polyphenols in cladodes grown conventionally were higher than organic. Flavonoids and carotenoids were the highest in cladodes in open field. Organic spears were richer in total phenolics (+6.9% and +19.1%) and flavonoids (+4.7% and 16.8%) and showed higher in vitro averages of antioxidant activities by three radical scavenging assays (+12...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Alex Harkess, Jinsong Zhou, Chunyan Xu, John E Bowers, Ron Van der Hulst, Saravanaraj Ayyampalayam, Francesco Mercati, Paolo Riccardi, Michael R McKain, Atul Kakrana, Haibao Tang, Jeremy Ray, John Groenendijk, Siwaret Arikit, Sandra M Mathioni, Mayumi Nakano, Hongyan Shan, Alexa Telgmann-Rauber, Akira Kanno, Zhen Yue, Haixin Chen, Wenqi Li, Yanling Chen, Xiangyang Xu, Yueping Zhang, Shaochun Luo, Helong Chen, Jianming Gao, Zichao Mao, J Chris Pires, Meizhong Luo, Dave Kudrna, Rod A Wing, Blake C Meyers, Kexian Yi, Hongzhi Kong, Pierre Lavrijsen, Francesco Sunseri, Agostino Falavigna, Yin Ye, James H Leebens-Mack, Guangyu Chen
Sex chromosomes evolved from autosomes many times across the eukaryote phylogeny. Several models have been proposed to explain this transition, some involving male and female sterility mutations linked in a region of suppressed recombination between X and Y (or Z/W, U/V) chromosomes. Comparative and experimental analysis of a reference genome assembly for a double haploid YY male garden asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) individual implicates separate but linked genes as responsible for sex determination...
November 2, 2017: Nature Communications
Shachi Shuchi Smita, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Tulsankar S Laxman, Rabi S Bhatta, Rakesh Pandey
Shatavarin IV (SIV), a steroidal saponin, is a major bioactive phytomolecule present in roots of Asparagus racemosus (Liliaceae) known for its anticancer activity. Age-associated neurodegenerative Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterised by alpha-synuclein aggregation in dopaminergic neuron resulting in neurodegeneration. The invention of bioactive molecules that delay aging and age-associated disorders endorses development of natural phytomolecule as a therapeutic agent for curing age-related diseases. Therefore, the present study for the first time explores the potential of SIV against aging and Parkinsonism utilising Caenorhabditis elegans model system...
December 2017: Free Radical Research
Vanessa Hörmann, Klaus-Reinhard Brenske, Christian Ulrichs
Three common plant species (Dieffenbachia maculata, Spathiphyllum wallisii, and Asparagus densiflorus) were tested against their capacity to remove the air pollutants toluene (20.0 mg m(-3)) and 2-ethylhexanol (14.6 mg m(-3)) under light or under dark in chamber experiments of 48-h duration. Results revealed only limited pollutant filtration capabilities and indicate that aerial plant parts of the tested species are only of limited value for indoor air quality improvement. The removal rate constant ranged for toluene from 3...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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