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decompressive hemicraniectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070645/middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-with-intracerebral-hematoma-the-impact-of-side-and-volume-on-final-outcome
#1
Ondrej Navratil, Kamil Duris, Vilem Juran, Eduard Neuman, Karel Svoboda, Martin Smrcka
BACKGROUND: Middle cerebral artery aneurysms (MCA aneurysms) belong to the most frequent type of intracranial aneurysms forming an intracerebral hematoma. The consequences of the hematoma-the laterality, the impact of ICH volume and size of the aneurysm with the final outcome of these patients had not been studied in detail in this location, and we focused on the analysis of these factors. METHODS: Patients with MCA aneurysms and associated intracerebral hematomas with a volume ≥10 ml were studied; these were treated from January 2006 to December 2015...
January 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024976/neurological-functional-outcomes-of-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-versus-conventional-treatment-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-a-systematic-review-and-mata-analysis
#2
Yu-Ping Li, Meng-Zhuo Hou, Guang-Yu Lu, Natalia Ciccone, Xing-Dong Wang, Lun Dong, Chen Cheng, Heng-Zhu Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effect of decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) versus conventional treatments (CT) for patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI), and to investigate the impact of age and surgical timing on neurological function and mortality. METHODS: We searched English and Chinese databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or observational studies (OSs) published before August 2016. The outcomes included good functional outcome (GFO), mortality, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, and Barthel Index (BI) score...
December 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012353/impact-of-timing-of-cranioplasty-on-hydrocephalus-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-in-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#3
Tobias Finger, Vincent Prinz, Evelyn Schreck, Alexandra Pinczolits, Simon Bayerl, Thomas Liman, Johannes Woitzik, Peter Vajkoczy
OBJECTIVE: Patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction frequently develop hydrocephalus after decompressive hemicraniectomy. Hydrocephalus itself and known shunt related complications after ventriculo-peritoneal shunt implantation may negatively impact patientś outcome. Here, we aimed to identify factors associated with the development of hydrocephalus after decompressive hemicraniectomy in malignant middle cerebral artery infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 99 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of large hemispheric infarctions and the indication for decompressive hemicraniectomy were included...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968912/decompressive-craniectomy-for-severe-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
Yuping Li, Mengzhuo Hou, Guangyu Lu, Natalia Ciccone, Lun Dong, Zhengcun Yan, Chen Cheng, Xingdong Wang, Hengzhu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Severe middle cerebral artery infarction is defined as an acute infarction in the entire middle cerebral artery territory. Several case series have indicated that decompressive hemicraniectomy for severe middle cerebral artery infarction is lifesaving. However, data concerning the long-term functional outcome are insufficient. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of decompressive hemicraniectomy for patients with severe middle cerebral artery infarction...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966092/attitudes-of-patients-and-relatives-toward-disability-and-treatment-in-malignant-mca-infarction
#5
Hermann Neugebauer, Matthias Schnabl, Dorothée Lulé, Peter U Heuschmann, Eric Jüttler
BACKGROUND: Attitudes among patients and relatives toward the degree of acceptable disability and the importance of aphasia are critical in deciding on decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) in malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI). However, most MMI patients are not able to communicate their will. Furthermore, attitudes of healthy individuals and relatives may not correspond to those of stroke patients. METHODS: This is a multicenter survey among 355 patients and 199 relatives during treatment for acute minor or moderate severe ischemic stroke in Germany...
December 13, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884858/hemicraniectomy-versus-medical-treatment-with-large-mca-infarct-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Paul Alexander, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Reed Siemieniuk, Neera Bhatnagar, Yaping Chang, Yutong Fei, Yuqing Zhang, Shelley McLeod, Kameshwar Prasad, Gordon Guyatt
OBJECTIVE: Large middle cerebral artery stroke (space-occupying middle-cerebral-artery (MCA) infarction (SO-MCAi)) results in a very high incidence of death and severe disability. Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) for SO-MCAi results in large reductions in mortality; the level of function in the survivors, and implications, remain controversial. To address the controversy, we pooled available randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the impact of DHC on survival and functional ability in patients with large SO-MCAi and cerebral oedema...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858578/severe-cerebral-edema-following-nivolumab-treatment-for-pediatric-glioblastoma-case-report
#7
Xiao Zhu, Michael M McDowell, William C Newman, Gary E Mason, Stephanie Greene, Mandeep S Tamber
Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) currently undergoing Phase III clinical trials for the treatment of glioblastoma. The authors present the case of a 10-year-old girl with glioblastoma treated with nivolumab under compassionate-use guidelines. After the first dose of nivolumab the patient developed hemiparesis, cerebral edema, and significant midline shift due to severe tumor necrosis. She was managed using intravenous dexamethasone and discharged on a dexamethasone taper. The patient's condition rapidly deteriorated after the second dose of nivolumab, demonstrating hemiplegia, seizures, and eventually unresponsiveness with a fixed and dilated left pupil...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733025/reduction-of-midline-shift-following-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#8
Sang-Beom Jeon, Sun U Kwon, Jung Cheol Park, Deok Hee Lee, Sung-Cheol Yun, Yeon-Jung Kim, Jae-Sung Ahn, Byung-Duk Kwun, Dong-Wha Kang, H Alex Choi, Kiwon Lee, Jong S Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemicraniectomy is a decompressive surgery used to remove a large bone flap to allow edematous brain tissue to bulge extracranially. However, early indicators of the decompressive effects of hemicraniectomy are unclear. We investigated whether reduction of midline shift following hemicraniectomy is associated with improved consciousness and survival in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarctions. METHODS: We studied 70 patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarctions (MMI) who underwent hemicraniectomies...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649670/size-of-bone-flap-and-bone-window-area-may-impact-the-outcome-of-decompressive-craniectomy-using-standard-bone-flap
#9
Y-S Wang, Y Wang, X-W Shi, J-D Zhang, Y-Y Ma
OBJECTIVE: To verify if the size of the bone flap and the bone window area may have an impact on the outcome of decompressive craniectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2012 to February 2014, 42 patients with acute intracranial hypertension were enrolled in this study. We conducted standard craniotomy and decompressive hemicraniectomy on all patients. The intracranial pressure was measured before the hemicraniectomy operation, at the time of bone flap removal, at the time of the incision of the dura mater and 24 hours after the operation...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637622/surgical-management-of-aneurysmal-hematomas-prognostic-factors-and-outcome
#10
P Meneghelli, F Cozzi, A Hasanbelliu, F Locatelli, Alberto Pasqualin
From 1991 until 2013, 304 patients with intracranial hematomas from aneurysmal rupture were managed surgically in our department, constituting 17 % of all patients with aneurysmal rupture. Of them, 242 patents presented with isolated intracerebral hematomas (in 69 cases associated with significant intraventricular hemorrhage), 50 patients presented with combined intracerebral and subdural hematomas (in 11 cases associated with significant intraventricular hemorrhage), and 12 presented with an isolated subdural hematoma...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591100/volume-of-brain-herniation-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-following-decompressive-craniectomy
#11
Kirsten E Stoner, Kingsley O Abode-Iyamah, Nicole M Grosland, Matthew A Howard
BACKGROUND: Decompressive craniectomy procedures are performed in patients with malignant intracranial hypertension. A bone flap is removed to relieve pressure. Later a second operation is performed to reconstruct the skull after brain swelling has resolved. This surgical treatment would be improved if it were possible to perform a single operation that decompressed the brain acutely while eliminating the need for a second operation. In order to design a device and procedure that achieves this objective it is essential to understand how the brain swells following a craniectomy procedure...
August 30, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523587/early-urgent-cranioplasty-for-symptomatic-hygroma-report-of-two-cases
#12
James G Malcolm, Brandon A Miller, Jonathan A Grossberg, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
Following craniectomy, hygromas are relatively common. While many cases resolve spontaneously, some patients develop neurologic deficits. Management of symptomatic hygromas often involves shunting or drainage. We present two patients who three weeks after decompressive hemicraniectomy developed declining neurologic status secondary to enlarging hygroma. Failing conservative management, both were treated with urgent cranioplasty and returned to neurologic baseline. Early cranioplasty may be safe and effective for symptomatic collections...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512937/subdural-hematoma-associated-with-labor-epidural-analgesia-a-case-series
#13
Grace Lim, Jamie M Zorn, Yuanxu J Dong, Joseph S DeRenzo, Jonathan H Waters
OBJECTIVE: This report aimed to describe the characteristics and impact of subdural hematoma (SDH) after labor epidural analgesia. CASE REPORTS: Eleven obstetric patients had SDHs associated with the use of labor epidural analgesia over 7 years at a tertiary care hospital. Ten of 11 patients had signs consistent with postdural puncture headache before the diagnosis of SDH. Five patients (45%) had a recognized unintentional dural puncture, 1 (9%) had a combined spinal-epidural with a 24-gauge needle, and 5 (45%) had no recognized dural puncture...
September 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495258/utilization-of-long-term-care-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-severe-stroke-among-older-patients
#14
Corey R Fehnel, Yoojin Lee, Linda C Wendell, Bradford B Thompson, N Stevenson Potter, Vincent Mor
BACKGROUND: While clinical trial data support decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) as improving survival among patients with severe ischemic stroke, quality of life outcomes among older persons remain controversial. AIMS: To aid decision-making and understand practice variation, we measured long-term outcomes and patterns of regional variation for a nationwide cohort of ischemic stroke patients after DHC. METHODS: Medicare fee-for-service ischemic stroke cases over age 65 during the year 2008 were used to create a cohort followed for 2 years (2009-2010) after stroke and DHC procedure...
August 5, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488978/extended-use-of-hypothermia-in-elderly-patients-with-malignant-cerebral-edema-as-an-alternative-to-hemicraniectomy
#15
Han-Yeong Jeong, Jun-Young Chang, Kyu Sun Yum, Jeong-Ho Hong, Jin-Heon Jeong, Min-Ju Yeo, Hee-Joon Bae, Moon-Ku Han, Kiwon Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) for the treatment of malignant cerebral edema can decrease mortality rates. However, this benefit is not sufficient to justify its use in elderly patients. We investigated the effects of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on safety, feasibility, and functional outcomes in elderly patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts. METHODS: Elderly patients 60 years of age and older with infarcts affecting more than two-thirds of the MCA territory were included...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468660/decompressive-craniectomy-for-ischemic-stroke-effect-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-on-outcome
#16
Hosam Al-Jehani, Kevin Petrecca, Phillipe Martel, David Sinclair, Denis Sirhan
BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DhC) is a life-saving surgical procedure being increasingly employed for malignant middle cerebral artery strokes. We examined the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation following DhC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts and radiological images of patients who underwent DhC for malignant middle cerebral artery strokes. We classified the hemorrhagic events and assessed the short-term 30-day outcome associated with these events...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406817/patient-age-and-the-outcomes-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-stroke-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-analysis
#17
Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Faith C Robertson, M Ali Aziz-Sultan, Donovan Guittieres, Rose Du, Ian F Dunn, William B Gormley
BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) for space-occupying cerebral infarction in older adults remains controversial, and there are limited nationwide data evaluating the outcomes after craniectomy for stroke by patient age. METHODS: Patients who underwent DHC for ischemic stroke were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011). Multivariable logistic regression examined in-hospital mortality and a poor outcome (death, tracheostomy and gastrostomy, or discharge to institutional care)...
December 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402215/abusive-head-trauma-an-epidemiological-and-cost-analysis
#18
Scott Boop, Mary Axente, Blakely Weatherford, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE Research on pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT) has largely focused on clinical presentation and management. The authors sought to review a single-institution experience from a public health perspective to gain a better understanding of the local population affected, determine overall incidence and seasonal trends, and provide details on the initial hospitalization, including extent of injuries, neurosurgical interventions, and hospital charges. METHODS All cases of AHT involving patients who presented to Le Bonheur Children's Hospital (LBCH) from 2009 through 2014 were identified...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379413/decompressive-hemicraniectomy-in-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-the-real-world-beyond-studies
#19
Hans-Werner Pledl, Carolin Hoyer, Juliane Rausch, Anne D Ebert, Marcel Seiz, Mirko Arp, Michael G Hennerici, Angelika Alonso
BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) is life-saving in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI), but outcome, perspectives and complications after DHC in daily practice are largely unknown. METHODS: From 2008 until 2014, we extracted patient's characteristics as well as complications from our database for patients with MMI who underwent DHC. Additionally, we analysed medical records from the different rehabilitation steps. RESULTS: We identified 48 consecutive patients (mean 57 years, 21 male, 41...
2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369872/decompressive-hemicraniectomy-in-the-age-of-personalized-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Michael N Diringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Neurocritical Care
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