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diabetic ketoacidosis and acute pancreatitis in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25612813/-epidemiology-and-clinical-course-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Iwona Pietrzak, Beata Mianowska, Agnieszka Zmysłowska, Wojciech Fendler, Wojciech Młynarski, Agnieszka Szadkowska
INTRODUCTION: Despite the progress in diagnosis and treatment of type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is still a serious clinical problem. The aim of the study was too describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristic of DKA in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 650 patients with type 1 diabetes who were under care of the Outpatient Clinic for Diabetic Children of the Medical University of Lodz from 1st January 2007 till 31 December 2009 were analysed...
2013: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455446/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-causing-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-child-with-new-onset-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-presenting-in-ketoacidosis
#2
Peter M Wolfgram, Michael J Macdonald
A 10 year old girl presented with severe diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and a hemoglobin A1C of 17.9%. On hospital day 2 after acidosis had improved it worsened and she developed excruciating abdominal pain. Her serum triglycerides and lipase levels were found to be extremely high and ultrasound analysis of the pancreas was consistent with acute pancreatitis. She was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia. The pancreatitis resolved completely and two months later her hemoglobin A1C was 8...
2013: Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23632173/poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-complicated-by-an-episode-of-severe-hypertriglyceridaemia-induced-pancreatitis
#3
Nathalie Denecker, Katelijn Decochez
A 23-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes and non-compliance presented to the emergency department with abdominal epigastric pain and nausea. Laboratory examination revealed a mild ketoacidosis while an abdominal CT scan performed the following day demonstrated a severe acute pancreatitis of the body and tail (Balthazar grade E) despite normal amylase serum levels on admission. The presence of a lactescent serum was the clue to an extremely high triglyceride level (>10 000 mg/dl) causing the pancreatitis...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23456644/emergency-management-of-acute-abdomen-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Binesh Balachandran, Sunit Singhi, Sadhna Lal
Acute abdomen can be defined as a medical emergency in which there is sudden and severe pain in abdomen with accompanying signs and symptoms that focus on an abdominal involvement. It accounts for about 8 % of all children attending the emergency department. The goal of emergency management is to identify and treat any life-threatening medical or surgical disease condition and relief from pain. In mild cases often the cause is gastritis or gastroenteritis, colic, constipation, pharyngo-tonsilitis, viral syndromes or acute febrile illnesses...
March 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21206100/diabetic-ketoacidosis-preceding-thrombocytopenia-associated-multiple-organ-failure-in-a-child
#5
Kamakshya P Patra, L Keith Scott
CONTEXT: Thrombocytopenia associated multiple organ failure is a rare but increasingly recognized condition in children. Diabetic ketoacidosis preceding thrombocytopenia associated multiple organ failure is previously unreported in pediatric patients. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old female presented with diabetic ketoacidosis along with acute pancreatitis. She further developed thrombocytopenia and renal failure over the next two days. Although hemolytic uremic syndrome/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura spectrum was considered, the clinical picture seemed most consistent with thrombocytopenia associated multiple organ failure...
January 2011: JOP: Journal of the Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20300303/the-ctla4-819-c-t-and-49-a-g-dimorphisms-are-associated-with-type-1-diabetes-in-egyptian-children
#6
Hatem Mohamed Saleh, Nestor Rohowsky, Michael Leski
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by T cell-mediated destruction of pancreatic islets. T cell proliferation is negatively regulated by cytotoxic lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4). CTLA-4 polymorphisms are associated with T1D in some but not all populations. AIMS: The study was conducted to investigate the association of the C-819T and A+49G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of CTLA-4 gene in T1D patients in the Egyptian population...
September 2008: Indian Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17315523/hyperglycemic-crises-and-their-complications-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Arlan L Rosenbloom
The object of this review is to provide the definitions and criteria for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), and convey current knowledge of the causes of permanent disability or mortality from complications of these conditions, of the risk factors for DKA and HHS, and of early indicators and contemporary treatment of suspected cerebral edema. The frequency of DKA at onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) varies from 10-70%, depending on availability of health care and frequency of diabetes...
January 2007: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15645701/acute-pancreatitis-and-its-association-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-children
#8
S D Shenoy, D Cody, A B Rickett, P G F Swift
Acute pancreatitis is more common in childhood than has been appreciated previously. During acute attacks of pancreatitis, hyperglycaemia and glycosuria are not uncommon but permanent diabetes mellitus is rare. Acute pancreatitis can also be associated with diabetic ketoacidosis and the association between these two is of a two-way cause and effect relationship. Early imaging of the pancreas is recommended in children with severe prolonged abdominal pain.
December 2004: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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