keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

political ecology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764175/caring-communities-as-collective-learning-process-findings-and-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-research-project-in-austria
#1
Klaus Wegleitner, Patrick Schuchter
BACKGROUND: By now, the public health end-of-life care approach is well established and has induced diverse initiatives-subsumed under the concept of compassionate or caring communities-to engage the community in supporting vulnerable, dying people and their beloved ones. In the light of a participatory research project our paper examines the question: what are the deeper ideas behind caring communities and what constitutes a caring community? METHODS: A multi-level analysis based on (I) qualitative research with focus groups and interviews with community members within the project; (II) the reflection of the role of participatory research in caring community initiatives, and (III) the meta-analysis of an international expert workshop, which allowed to discuss our experiences and insights in the light of international caring community models and expertise...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763788/hiv-as-social-and-ecological-experience
#2
Brian King, Margaret S Winchester
The spread and varied impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic demonstrate the complex and reciprocal relationships between the socio-political and biophysical dimensions of human health. Yet even with increasing research and policy attention there remain critical gaps in the literature on how HIV-positive households manage health through their engagement with social and ecological systems. This is particularly urgent given improvements in the global response to the epidemic, whereby expanded access to antiretroviral therapy has extended the possibility for survival for years or decades...
April 16, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746510/climate-variability-perceptions-and-political-ecology-factors-influencing-changes-in-pesticide-use-over-30-years-by-zimbabwean-smallholder-cotton-producers
#3
Cliff Zinyemba, Emma Archer, Hanna-Andrea Rother
Pesticides represent a potential public health hazard of note in farming communities. Accumulating evidence indicates that some pesticides used in agriculture act as hormone disrupters, with the potential to result in chronic health effects. Despite such a growing evidence base, pesticides remain the preferred method of pest control in agriculture worldwide. In many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, usage is on the increase. This qualitative study assessed changes in the usage of pesticides by Zimbabwean smallholder cotton farmers in the past 30 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734346/quantifying-urban-growth-patterns-in-hanoi-using-landscape-expansion-modes-and-time-series-spatial-metrics
#4
Duong H Nong, Christopher A Lepczyk, Tomoaki Miura, Jefferson M Fox
Urbanization has been driven by various social, economic, and political factors around the world for centuries. Because urbanization continues unabated in many places, it is crucial to understand patterns of urbanization and their potential ecological and environmental impacts. Given this need, the objectives of our study were to quantify urban growth rates, growth modes, and resultant changes in the landscape pattern of urbanization in Hanoi, Vietnam from 1993 to 2010 and to evaluate the extent to which the process of urban growth in Hanoi conformed to the diffusion-coalescence theory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731514/addressing-criticisms-of-large-scale-marine-protected-areas
#5
Bethan C O'Leary, Natalie C Ban, Miriam Fernandez, Alan M Friedlander, Pablo García-Borboroglu, Yimnang Golbuu, Paolo Guidetti, Jean M Harris, Julie P Hawkins, Tim Langlois, Douglas J McCauley, Ellen K Pikitch, Robert H Richmond, Callum M Roberts
Designated large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs, 100,000 or more square kilometers) constitute over two-thirds of the approximately 6.6% of the ocean and approximately 14.5% of the exclusive economic zones within marine protected areas. Although LSMPAs have received support among scientists and conservation bodies for wilderness protection, regional ecological connectivity, and improving resilience to climate change, there are also concerns. We identified 10 common criticisms of LSMPAs along three themes: (1) placement, governance, and management; (2) political expediency; and (3) social-ecological value and cost...
May 1, 2018: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681678/a-case-study-on-the-persistence-of-swidden-agriculture-in-the-context-of-post-2015-anti-haze-regulation-in-west-kalimantan
#6
Paul Hasan Thung
This case study analyses a ban on the use of fire in a district of West-Kalimantan in response to the 2015 Southeast Asian Haze crisis. Based on stakeholder interviews and participant observation, I address the dilemmas encountered at the district and village level as a result of transnational environmental politics. A stark example of a wider tendency for policies to restrict swidden agriculture, the case study provides insight into the persistence of swidden . Contradictions between different stakeholders' experiences and understandings of local human ecology and haze politics ultimately rendered the ban ineffective...
2018: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656088/-ne-nnipadua-mmpe-the-body-hates-it-exploring-the-lived-experience-of-food-allergy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke
Allergic diseases have closely followed the rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially in western societies. As prevalence of NCD is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), researchers are hinting that the same future may hold for (food) allergic disease in this world region. Already, researchers are beginning to record prevalence, though with little attention to the social experience of individuals and parents with food allergic children. This paper presents the first qualitative analysis of the daily realities of adults and parents of children with allergies in SSA using Ghana as a case study...
March 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611553/connectivity-as-a-multiple-in-with-and-as-nature
#8
Timothy Hodgetts
Connectivity is a central concept in contemporary geographies of nature, but the concept is often understood and utilised in plural ways. This is problematic because of the separation, rather than the confusion, of these different approaches. While the various understandings of connectivity are rarely considered as working together, the connections between them have significant implications. This paper thus proposes re-thinking connectivity as a "multiple". It develops a taxonomy of existing connectivity concepts from the fields of biogeography and landscape ecology, conservation biology, socio-economic systems theory, political ecology and more-than-human geography...
March 2018: Area
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602023/-what-the-mind-does-not-know-the-eyes-do-not-see-placing-food-allergy-risk-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke, Craig Janes
Policy makers and health geographers are increasingly intrigued by the global rise of chronic disease. While current engagement coalesce around cardiovascular disease, cancers, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes, very little attention has been given to other important chronic conditions: e.g., allergic disease. Concerns about how health is shaped by context and experienced in place can provide important insights to understand the trajectory of allergic disease and inform policy especially in developing countries experiencing an epidemiologic transition...
March 27, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578587/utilizing-an-ecological-framework-to-integrate-social-identities-and-sociopolitical-analysis-in-psychotherapy
#10
Pamela LiVecchi, Mayowa Obasaju
This article explores how the political events from the past year have influenced psychotherapeutic sessions with a female adolescent who is Peruvian, undocumented, and initially presented with symptoms of anxiety and a history of trauma. Focusing on this case example and utilizing an ecological framework, this article explores how the social identities of the therapist and their relation to power and privilege impact the therapeutic interventions that were chosen and not chosen. Additionally, there is a review of the benefits of consultation with a colleague of differing social identities and how this form of consultation can influence a clinician's reactions to clients regarding social or political issues, as well as how integrating a sociopolitical analysis is a useful and sometimes necessary addition to the usual work of therapy...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559130/gastro-intestinal-parasite-infections-of-ankole-cattle-in-an-unhealthy-landscape-an-assessment-of-ecological-predictors
#11
Ping Sun, Torsten Wronski, Jean D Bariyanga, Ann Apio
The distribution of gastro-intestinal (GI) parasites across landscapes is closely related to the spatial distribution of hosts. In GI parasites with environmental life stages, the vitality of parasites is also affected by ecological and landscape-related components of the environment. This is particularly relevant for domestic livestock species that are often kept across habitats with varying degrees of degradation, exposing them to a wide range of environmentally robust parasite species. In our study, we examined the effect of environmental and anthropogenic factors on the prevalence and intensity of GI parasites across a free-ranging stock of Ankole cattle in the Mutara rangelands of northeastern Rwanda...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535764/an-epigenetic-prism-to-norms-and-values
#12
Kim Hendrickx, Ine Van Hoyweghen
In this article, we ask to what extent the specific characteristics of epigenetics may affect the type of questions one can ask about human society. We pay particular attention to the way epigenetic research stirs debate about normative and moral issues. Are these issues implied by scientific evidence as an outcome of research? Or do moral and normative issues also shape how research is done and which problems it addresses? We briefly explore these questions through examples and discussions in (social-) scientific literature...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520750/life-around-the-north-water-ecosystem-natural-and-social-drivers-of-change-over-a-millennium
#13
Kirsten Hastrup, Astrid Oberborbeck Andersen, Bjarne Grønnow, Mads Peter Heide-Jørgensen
The formation of the North Water in Smith Sound about 4500 years ago, as evidenced by the establishment of bird colonies and human presence, also initiated a long-term anthropogenic agent as part of this High Arctic ecosystem. Different epochs have influenced the human occupation in the area: immigration pulses from Canada and Alaska, trade with meteorite iron throughout the Arctic, introduction of new technologies by whalers and explorers, exploitation of resources by foreigners, political sequestration, export of fox and seal skins and later narwhal products, and recently fishing...
April 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502021/the-construction-of-feelings-of-justice-in-environmental-management-an-empirical-study-of-multiple-biodiversity-conflicts-in-calakmul-mexico
#14
Lou Lecuyer, Rehema M White, Birgit Schmook, Violaine Lemay, Sophie Calmé
A failure to address social concerns in biodiversity conservation can lead to feelings of injustice among some actors, and hence jeopardize conservation goals. The complex socio-cultural and political context of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, has historically led to multiple biodiversity conflicts. Our goal, in this case study, was to explore perceptions of justice held by local actors in relation to biodiversity conflicts. We then aimed to determine the following: 1) people's definitions of their feelings of justice; 2) the criteria used in this assessment; 3) variability in the criteria influencing them; and 4) implications for environmental management in the region and beyond...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470602/who-really-wants-an-ambitious-large-scale-restoration-of-the-seine-estuary-a-strategic-analysis-of-a-science-policy-interface-locked-in-a-stalemate
#15
Audrey Coreau, Jean-Baptiste Narcy, Sarah Lumbroso
The development of ecosystem knowledge is an essential condition for effective environmental management but using available knowledge to solve environmental controversies is still difficult in "real" situations. This paper explores the conditions under which ecological knowledge could contribute to the environmental strategies and actions of stakeholders at science-policy interface. Ecological restoration of the Seine estuary is an example of an environmental issue whose overall management has run into difficulties despite the production of a large amount of knowledge by a dedicated organization, GIP Seine Aval...
May 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464767/afterword-materialities-care-ordinary-affects-power-and-politics
#16
Joanna Latimer
In this paper I explore how the papers in this volume offer ways of thinking about materialities of care in terms of political ecologies, including hierarchies of value as well as assemblages, in which strategic agendas are made present in everyday practices, with profound and ordinary affects, as well as effects. I show how power can work through the association of multiple and heterogeneous materials and social processes to create 'thresholds', as spaces through which people must pass in order to be included as patients, and which circulate specific imaginaries over what counts as an appropriate need...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456272/political-ecologies-of-global-health-pesticide-exposure-in-southwestern-ecuador-s-banana-industry
#17
Ben Wesley Brisbois, Leila Harris, Jerry M Spiegel
Pesticide exposure in Ecuador's banana industry reflects political economic and ecological processes that interact across scales to affect human health. We use this case study to illustrate opportunities for applying political ecology of health scholarship in the burgeoning field of global health. Drawing on an historical literature review and ethnographic data collected in Ecuador's El Oro province, we present three main areas where a political ecological approach can enrich global health scholarship: perceptive characterization of multi-scalar and ecologically entangled pathways to health outcomes; critical analysis of discursive dynamics such as competing scalar narratives; and appreciation of the environment-linked subjectivities and emotions of people experiencing globalized health impacts...
January 2018: Antipode
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451002/healing-stories-an-expressive-narrative-intervention-for-strengthening-resilience-and-survival-skills-in-school-aged-child-victims-of-war-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#18
Guido Veronese, Gianpiero Barola
Within a preventive framework, we outline a school-based intervention aimed at strengthening skills of survival and psychological functioning in children who have experienced war and political violence in the Gaza Strip. In accordance with a socio-ecological perspective on wellbeing and resilience, the pilot study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of a psychosocial narrative school-based intervention with a group of school-aged children in the aftermath of war. The intervention was oriented at empowering positive emotions, life satisfaction, and optimism in children as protective factors in preventing posttraumatic reactions after war...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421370/resolving-the-vulnerability-paradox-in-the-cross-national-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Richard J McNally
Socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals are at heightened risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following exposure to trauma. Yet a study of cross-national lifetime prevalence rates of PTSD revealed that countries scoring high on an index reflecting cultural and socioeconomic disadvantage exhibited lower rates of PTSD in response to trauma, evincing what the authors called "a vulnerability paradox in the cross-national prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder" Dückers, Alisic, & Brewin (2016a, p...
March 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#20
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
April 14, 2018: Lancet
keyword
keyword
75082
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"