keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

environmental justice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767823/the-validity-of-open-source-data-when-assessing-jail-suicides
#1
Amanda L Thomas, Jacqueline Scott, Jeff Mellow
BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program is the primary source for jail suicide research, though the data is restricted from general dissemination. This study is the first to examine whether jail suicide data obtained from publicly available sources can help inform our understanding of this serious public health problem. METHODS: Of the 304 suicides that were reported through the DCRP in 2009, roughly 56 percent (N = 170) of those suicides were identified through the open-source search protocol...
May 9, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725937/public-lab-community-based-approaches-to-urban-and-environmental-health-and-justice
#2
Pablo Rey-Mazón, Hagit Keysar, Shannon Dosemagen, Catherine D'Ignazio, Don Blair
This paper explores three cases of Do-It-Yourself, open-source technologies developed within the diverse array of topics and themes in the communities around the Public Laboratory for Open Technology and Science (Public Lab). These cases focus on aerial mapping, water quality monitoring and civic science practices. The techniques discussed have in common the use of accessible, community-built technologies for acquiring data. They are also concerned with embedding collaborative and open source principles into the objects, tools, social formations and data sharing practices that emerge from these inquiries...
May 3, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725725/-environmental-justice-as-an-approach-to-tackle-environmental-health-inequalities
#3
REVIEW
Gabriele Bolte, Christiane Bunge, Claudia Hornberg, Heike Köckler
Current international studies show that environment-related diseases disproportionately affect vulnerable people. This is a case of environmental injustice. Environmental justice goes beyond the mere description of environment- and health-related social inequalities by comprising two dimensions of justice as a normative approach: distributional and procedural justice. Attempts to explain the link between social circumstances, the environment and health deal with both the socially unequal distribution of environmental hazards and environmental resources (exposure variation) and social differences in vulnerability to the health effects of environmental exposures (effect modification)...
May 3, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708219/-bioethics-and-environmental-justice-in-the-health-of-the-andean-residents-of-peru
#4
Diana E Alcantara Zapata, Marinella Mazzei Pimental
This article attempts to capture the bioethical-environmental panorama of the health in the residents who live on the Peruvian highlands, highlighting the inequity in access to health services that exist in this region and reflecting on the possible historical and current contextual causes that have originated differences between Inca-Andean settler and modern-Andean settler. The change in the view of the world about the environment and natural resources, the decline of justice approach, loss of solidarity, welfare, and respect to human being and nature...
2018: Revista Latinoamericana de bioética
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690570/mapping-the-hidden-hazards-community-led-spatial-data-collection-of-street-level-environmental-stressors-in-a-degraded-urban-watershed
#5
Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Timothy L Hawthorne, Dajun Dai, Christina H Fuller, Christine Stauber
We utilized a participatory mapping approach to collect point locations, photographs, and descriptive data about select built environment stressors identified and prioritized by community residents living in the Proctor Creek Watershed, a degraded, urban watershed in Northwest Atlanta, Georgia. Residents (watershed researchers) used an indicator identification framework to select three watershed stressors that influence urban livability: standing water, illegal dumping on land and in surface water, and faulty stormwater infrastructure...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686528/social-justice-and-mobility-in-coastal-louisiana-usa
#6
Craig E Colten, Jessica R Z Simms, Audrey A Grismore, Scott A Hemmerling
Louisiana faces extensive coastal land loss which threatens the livelihoods of marginalized populations. These groups have endured extreme disruptive events in the past and have survived in the region by relying on several resilient practices, including mobility. Facing environmental changes that will be wrought by deliberate coastal restoration programs, elderly residents are resisting migration while younger residents continue a decades-long inland migration. Interviews and historical records illustrate a complex intersection of resilient practices and environmental migration...
February 2018: Regional Environmental Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608871/from-crowdsourcing-to-extreme-citizen-science-participatory-research-for-environmental-health
#7
P B English, M J Richardson, C Garzón-Galvis
Environmental health issues are becoming more challenging, and addressing them requires new approaches to research design and decision-making processes. Participatory research approaches, in which researchers and communities are involved in all aspects of a research study, can improve study outcomes and foster greater data accessibility and utility as well as increase public transparency. Here we review varied concepts of participatory research, describe how it complements and overlaps with community engagement and environmental justice, examine its intersection with emerging environmental sensor technologies, and discuss the strengths and limitations of participatory research...
April 1, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601546/assessing-vulnerability-to-urban-heat-a-study-of-disproportionate-heat-exposure-and-access-to-refuge-by-socio-demographic-status-in-portland-oregon
#8
Jackson Voelkel, Dana Hellman, Ryu Sakuma, Vivek Shandas
Extreme urban heat is a powerful environmental stressor which poses a significant threat to human health and well-being. Exacerbated by the urban heat island phenomenon, heat events are expected to become more intense and frequent as climate change progresses, though we have limited understanding of the impact of such events on vulnerable populations at a neighborhood or census block group level. Focusing on the City of Portland, Oregon, this study aimed to determine which socio-demographic populations experience disproportionate exposure to extreme heat, as well as the level of access to refuge in the form of public cooling centers or residential central air conditioning...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599658/sensory-disruption-in-modern-living-and-the-emergence-of-sensory-inequities
#9
REVIEW
Kara C Hoover
Modern lifestyles are disrupting the human senses-primarily sight, sound, and smell. Noise-induced hearing loss has been noted for centuries and increasing over time following the industrial era. From the mid-20th century, the numbers of individuals with myopia (the leading visual impairment) have been increasing globally. Historical evidence for olfactory dysfunction is not known but its etiological links to pollution suggest it increased following industrialization. Clinical interventions for sight and sound loss include preventative and corrective measures but none exist for olfactory dysfunction...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576674/the-park-is-ruining-our-livelihoods-we-support-the-park-unravelling-the-paradox-of-attitudes-to-protected-areas
#10
Adrian Martin, Rodd Myers, Neil M Dawson
Despite considerable field-based innovation and academic scrutiny, the nexus between conservation approaches, local support for parks and park effectiveness remains quite puzzling. Common approaches to understanding notions of environmental justice are to understand distributional and procedural issues, representation in decision making, and recognition of authorities and claims. We took a different approach and analysed environmental justice claims through institutional, ideational and psychological lenses...
2018: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574337/socioeconomic-and-ethnic-inequalities-in-exposure-to-air-and-noise-pollution-in-london
#11
Cathryn Tonne, Carles Milà, Daniela Fecht, Mar Alvarez, John Gulliver, James Smith, Sean Beevers, H Ross Anderson, Frank Kelly
BACKGROUND: Transport-related air and noise pollution, exposures linked to adverse health outcomes, varies within cities potentially resulting in exposure inequalities. Relatively little is known regarding inequalities in personal exposure to air pollution or transport-related noise. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to quantify socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in London in 1) air pollution exposure at residence compared to personal exposure; and 2) transport-related noise at residence from different sources...
March 22, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551952/environmental-injustice-and-flood-risk-a-conceptual-model-and-case-comparison-of-metropolitan-miami-and-houston-usa
#12
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Jayajit Chakraborty
This article outlines a conceptual model and comparatively applies it to results from environmental justice (EJ) studies of flood risk in the Miami, Florida, and Houston, Texas, metropolitan areas. In contrast to most EJ studies of air pollution, which have found that socially-vulnerable groups experience disproportionate risk, distributive EJ studies of flooding reveal inconsistent findings regarding the relationship between social vulnerability and flood exposure. Counterintuitively (from a conventional EJ perspective), some pre-flood EJ studies have found that socially-advantaged people experience the highest residential exposure to flood risks...
February 2018: Regional Environmental Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533826/influential-third-party-on-water-right-conflict-a-game-theory-approach-to-achieve-the-desired-equilibrium-case-study-ilam-dam-iran
#13
Hossein Zanjanian, Hamid Abdolabadi, Mohammad Hossein Niksokhan, Amin Sarang
Allocating water to organizational stakeholders poses a vital challenge to water managers. Organizations which benefit from water as the primary factor input attempt to achieve their objectives using cost-effective and quick-return strategies, such as increasing the water rights. In such circumstances, lack of water probably results in the conflict. Recognizing the management approaches, organizational priorities, and the stakeholders' influence power can play a dominant role in analyzing the future of such conflicts...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514758/in-the-shadow-of-production-coal-waste-accumulation-and-environmental-inequality-formation-in-eastern-kentucky
#14
Raoul S Liévanos, Pierce Greenberg, Ryan Wishart
This article advances an environmental-sociological and quantitative spatial-analytic approach to the study of environmental inequality formation in coal country. We use spatial error regression models in a case study of 2000 census block group proximity to hazardous coal waste impoundments amidst shifting coal production trajectories and impoundment disaster contexts in the declining Eastern Kentucky coalfields. Proximity to abandoned and sealed mines, coal production density, and the "buffering effect" of rural-agricultural context are the most powerful predictors of impoundment proximity in the period encapsulating the boom years of coal production and culminating in 2000...
March 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513598/environmental-justice-progress-derailed
#15
Douglas Houston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502021/the-construction-of-feelings-of-justice-in-environmental-management-an-empirical-study-of-multiple-biodiversity-conflicts-in-calakmul-mexico
#16
Lou Lecuyer, Rehema M White, Birgit Schmook, Violaine Lemay, Sophie Calmé
A failure to address social concerns in biodiversity conservation can lead to feelings of injustice among some actors, and hence jeopardize conservation goals. The complex socio-cultural and political context of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, has historically led to multiple biodiversity conflicts. Our goal, in this case study, was to explore perceptions of justice held by local actors in relation to biodiversity conflicts. We then aimed to determine the following: 1) people's definitions of their feelings of justice; 2) the criteria used in this assessment; 3) variability in the criteria influencing them; and 4) implications for environmental management in the region and beyond...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492313/transgenerational-epigenetics-and-environmental-justice
#17
REVIEW
Mark A Rothstein, Heather L Harrell, Gary E Marchant
Human transmission to offspring and future generations of acquired epigenetic modifications has not been definitively established, although there are several environmental exposures with suggestive evidence. This article uses three examples of hazardous substances with greater exposures in vulnerable populations: pesticides, lead, and diesel exhaust. It then considers whether, if there were scientific evidence of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, there would be greater attention given to concerns about environmental justice in environmental laws, regulations, and policies at all levels of government...
July 2017: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466137/intergenerational-and-social-justice-there-is-more-to-environmental-justice-than-accountability-for-reasonableness
#18
Alistair Wardrope
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466135/saving-environmental-justice-from-proceduralism
#19
William R Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466133/ethical-dilemmas-in-protecting-susceptible-subpopulations-from-environmental-health-risks-liberty-utility-fairness-and-accountability-for-reasonableness
#20
David B Resnik, D Robert MacDougall, Elise M Smith
Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we (1) consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; (2) show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (3) argue that an approach to public decision making known as accountability for reasonableness can complement theories of justice in establishing acceptable environmental health risks for the general population and susceptible subpopulations...
March 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
keyword
keyword
75081
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"