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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749710/first-food-justice-infant-feeding-disparities-and-the-first-food-system
#1
Erica Morrell
Breastfeeding and first foods--including human milk and infant formula--affect us all as individuals and a society of eaters and feeders. They also shape us in part through having significant effects on community health and well-being, workplace strength, and environmental integrity. In addition, we all affect breastfeeding and first foods. Society, the economy, and the environment constrain and enable breastfeeding success, for example, and they often do so differently by race, class, and other social categories...
July 27, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749596/climate-change-climate-justice-and-environmental-health-implications-for-the-nursing-profession
#2
Patrice K Nicholas, Suellen Breakey
PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741282/reproductive-health-concerns-among-substance-using-women-in-community-corrections-in-new-york-city-understanding-the-role-of-environmental-influences
#3
Anindita Dasgupta, Alissa Davis, Louisa Gilbert, Dawn Goddard-Eckrich, Nabila El-Bassel
Women living in urban settings who are engaged in the criminal justice system are disproportionately affected by HIV and also contend with poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH). While studies have examined environmental influences of HIV, few have examined how these influences relate to poor SRH among this population. We used baseline data from an HIV-risk reduction study among substance-using women with a pregnancy history in community corrections in New York City (N = 299). We examined risk environment factors typically associated with HIV, and SRH outcomes of abortion, and miscarriage...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741248/lessons-learned-from-arsenic-mitigation-among-private-well-households
#4
REVIEW
Yan Zheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many thousands of research papers have been published on the occurrence, health effects, and mitigation of arsenic in drinking water sourced from groundwater around the world. Here, an attempt is made to summarize this large body of knowledge into a small number of lessons. RECENT FINDINGS: This is an opinion paper reflecting on why we are far from the goal of eliminating this silent and widespread poison to protect the health of many millions...
July 24, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730067/practices-and-discourses-of-ubuntu-implications-for-an-african-model-of-disability
#5
Maria Berghs
BACKGROUND: Southern African scholars and activists working in disability studies have argued that ubuntu or unhu is a part of their world view. OBJECTIVES: Thinking seriously about ubuntu, as a shared collective humanness or social ethics, means to examine how Africans have framed a struggle for this shared humanity in terms of decolonisation and activism. METHOD: Three examples of applications of ubuntu are given, with two mainly linked to making explicit umaka...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686618/network-effects-in-environmental-justice-struggles-an-investigation-of-conflicts-between-mining-companies-and-civil-society-organizations-from-a-network-perspective
#6
Cem Iskender Aydin, Begum Ozkaynak, Beatriz Rodríguez-Labajos, Taylan Yenilmez
This paper examines conflicts that occur between mining companies and civil society organizations (CSOs) around the world and offers an innovative analysis of mining conflicts from a social network perspective. The analysis showed that, as the number of CSOs involved in a conflict increased, its outcome was more likely to be perceived as a success in terms of environmental justice (EJ); if a CSO was connected to other central CSOs, the average perception of EJ success was likely to increase; and as network distance between two conflicts increased (or decreased), they were more likely to lead to different (or similar) EJ outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682640/the-growth-of-peer-support-an-international-charter
#7
Anthony C Stratford, Matt Halpin, Keely Phillips, Frances Skerritt, Anne Beales, Vincent Cheng, Magdel Hammond, Mary O'Hagan, Catherine Loreto, Kim Tiengtom, Benon Kobe, Steve Harrington, Dan Fisher, Larry Davidson
OBJECTIVE: While mental health peer support originated in its contemporary form in English-speaking countries, it is now spreading rapidly across the globe. This rapid growth presents two major challenges. The first pertains to "role integrity" and the second to the possible culture-bound nature of peer support; a concern which has attended the emergence of peer support in countries that have significantly different worldviews. METHOD: Recognizing the growth of peer support and the resulting challenges, this report results from the convening of an international consortium of peer leaders from six continents (all but Antarctica)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672802/bioethical-considerations-of-advancing-the-application-of-marine-biotechnology-and-aquaculture
#8
Reginal M Harrell
Normative ethical considerations of growth of the marine biotechnology and aquaculture disciplines in biopharming, food production, and marine products commercialization from a bioethical perspective have been limited. This paucity of information begs the question of what constitutes a bioethical approach (i.e., respect for individuals or autonomy; beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice) to marine biotechnology and aquaculture, and whether it is one that is appropriate for consideration. Currently, thoughtful discussion on the bioethical implications of use, development, and commercialization of marine organisms or their products, as well as potential environmental effects, defaults to human biomedicine as a model...
June 24, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663932/enhancing-community-health-by-improving-physician-participation
#9
Casey Crump, Guedy Arniella, Neil S Calman
Leading medical associations have called for renewed standards of medical professionalism, including stronger public advocacy, a commitment to social justice in health care, and greater community engagement. New strategies are needed to enhance community participation among physicians, which can improve public trust in the medical profession and contribute needed expertise and teamwork to matters of community health. One strategy is to incorporate community participation and leadership in medical training through community-based organization (CBO) placement of residents...
October 2016: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652920/perception-of-and-attitude-toward-ethical-issues-among-korean-occupational-physicians
#10
Junghye Choi, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Tae Lee, Segyeong Lee, Chae-Kwan Lee, Gyeong-Jin Lee, Taekjoong Kim, Byung-Chul Son, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kunhyung Kim, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
BACKGROUND: Occupational physicians (OPs) have complex relationships with employees, employers, and the general public. OPs may have simultaneous obligations towards third parties, which can lead to variable conflicts of interests. Among the various studies of ethical issues related to OPs, few have focused on the Korean OPs. The aim of the present survey was to investigate the ethical contexts, the practical resolutions, and the ethical principles for the Korean OPs. METHODS: An email with a self-administered questionnaire was sent to members of the Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, comprising 150 specialists and 130 residents...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627155/-environmental-justice-in-the-epidemiological-surveillance-system-of-residents-in-italian-national-priority-contaminated-sites-sentieri-project
#11
Roberto Pasetto, Nicolás Zengarini, Nicola Caranci, Marco De Santis, Fabrizio Minichilli, Michele Santoro, Roberta Pirastu, Pietro Comba
OBJECTIVES: descriptive evaluation of distributional justice in the epidemiological surveillance system of populations residing in Italian National priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs) of SENTIERI project. Analysis of the feasibility of monitoring different Environmental Justice dimensions in SENTIERI. DESIGN: descriptive study and ecological meta-analysis. SETTING AN PARTICIPANTS: residents in 298 municipalities included in 44 NPCSs in SENTIERI. Description of their level of deprivation and mortality analysis by deprivation level in the first period evaluated in SENTIERI, years 1995-2002...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526013/human-biomonitoring-from-an-environmental-justice-perspective-supporting-study-participation-of-women-of-turkish-and-moroccan-descent
#12
Bert Morrens, Elly Den Hond, Greet Schoeters, Dries Coertjens, Ann Colles, Tim S Nawrot, Willy Baeyens, Stefaan De Henauw, Vera Nelen, Ilse Loots
BACKGROUND: Environmental justice research shows how socially disadvantaged groups are more exposed and more vulnerable to environmental pollution. At the same time, these groups are less represented and, thus, less visible in biomedical studies. This socioeconomic participation bias is a form of environmental injustice within research practice itself. METHODS: We designed, implemented and evaluated a targeted recruitment strategy to enhance the participation of socially disadvantaged pregnant women in a human biomonitoring study in Belgium...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525551/who-among-the-elderly-is-most-vulnerable-to-exposure-and-health-risks-of-pm2-5-from-wildfire-smoke
#13
Jia Coco Liu, Ander Wilson, Loretta J Mickley, Keita Ebisu, Melissa P Sulprizio, Yun Wang, Roger D Peng, Xu Yue, Francesca Dominici, Michelle L Bell
Wildfires burn over 7 million US acres annually, according to the US Forest Service. Little is known regarding which subpopulations are more vulnerable to health risks from wildfire smoke, including fine particles. We estimated exposure to fine particles specifically from wildfires and associations between wildfire-specific fine particles and respiratory hospital admissions for subpopulations > 65 years in the Western US (2004-2009). Higher fractions of Blacks and people in urban counties and in California are exposed to > 1 smoke wave (high-pollution episodes from wildfire smoke) compared to other populations...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#14
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452606/a-phenomenological-understanding-of-residents-emotional-distress-of-living-in-an-environmental-justice-community
#15
Gabriela Dory, Zeyuan Qiu, Christina M Qiu, Mei R Fu, Caitlin E Ryan
Deteriorative environmental conditions in environmental justice (EJ) communities not only post direct health risks such as chronic illnesses, but also cause emotional distress such as anxiety, fear, and anger among residents, which may further exacerbate health risks. This study applies a descriptive phenomenological method to explore and describe the emotional experience of residents living in Ironbound, a known EJ community located in Newark, New Jersey. Twenty-three residents participated in the study. Four essential themes regarding the residents' emotional experiences were elicited from 43 interviews: (1) being worried about the harmful effects of the surrounding pollution; (2) being distressed by the known historical pollution sources; (3) being frustrated by the unheard voices and/or lack of responses; and (4) being angered by the ongoing pollution sources...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448500/genome-wide-physical-activity-interactions-in-adiposity-a-meta-analysis-of-200-452-adults
#16
Mariaelisa Graff, Robert A Scott, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Mary F Feitosa, Llilda Barata, Thomas W Winkler, Audrey Y Chu, Anubha Mahajan, David Hadley, Luting Xue, Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Marcel den Hoed, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Qibin Qi, Julius S Ngwa, Frida Renström, Lydia Quaye, John D Eicher, James E Hayes, Marilyn Cornelis, Zoltan Kutalik, Elise Lim, Jian'an Luan, Jennifer E Huffman, Weihua Zhang, Wei Zhao, Paula J Griffin, Toomas Haller, Shafqat Ahmad, Pedro M Marques-Vidal, Stephanie Bien, Loic Yengo, Alexander Teumer, Albert Vernon Smith, Meena Kumari, Marie Neergaard Harder, Johanne Marie Justesen, Marcus E Kleber, Mette Hollensted, Kurt Lohman, Natalia V Rivera, John B Whitfield, Jing Hua Zhao, Heather M Stringham, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Charlotte Huppertz, Gonneke Willemsen, Wouter J Peyrot, Ying Wu, Kati Kristiansson, Ayse Demirkan, Myriam Fornage, Maija Hassinen, Lawrence F Bielak, Gemma Cadby, Toshiko Tanaka, Reedik Mägi, Peter J van der Most, Anne U Jackson, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Veronique Vitart, Jonathan Marten, Pau Navarro, Claire Bellis, Dorota Pasko, Åsa Johansson, Søren Snitker, Yu-Ching Cheng, Joel Eriksson, Unhee Lim, Mette Aadahl, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Beverley Balkau, Juha Auvinen, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Alain G Bertoni, John Blangero, Amélie Bonnefond, Lori L Bonnycastle, Judith B Borja, Søren Brage, Fabio Busonero, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Tanguy Corre, George Davey Smith, Graciela E Delgado, Nicole Dueker, Marcus Dörr, Tapani Ebeling, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Mao Fu, Kristine Færch, Christian Gieger, Sven Gläser, Jian Gong, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Gerard van Grootheest, Kennet Harald, Nicholas D Hastie, Aki S Havulinna, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Oddgeir L Holmens, Christina Holzapfel, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Tao Huang, Jennie Hui, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Min A Jhun, Markus Juonala, Leena Kinnunen, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Pirjo Komulainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Mika Kähönen, Timo A Lakka, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cecilia M Lindgren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Michel Marre, Yuri Milaneschi, Keri L Monda, Grant W Montgomery, Marleen H M De Moor, Antonella Mulas, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, A W Musk, Reija Männikkö, Satu Männistö, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Jennifer A Nettleton, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Lavinia Paternoster, Jeremiah Perez, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Inga Prokopenko, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sarti, Mark A Sarzynski, Kai Savonen, William R Scott, Serena Sanna, Alan R Shuldiner, Steve Sidney, Günther Silbernagel, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Barbara Sternfeld, Amy J Swift, Tuija Tammelin, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Dorothée Thuillier, Liesbeth Vandenput, Henrik Vestergaard, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Marie-Claude Vohl, Uwe Völker, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Sarah Wild, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Niha Zubair, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Lemarchand, Ulf Gyllensten, Claes Ohlsson, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Louis Pérusse, James F Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polasek, Francesco Cucca, Kristian Hveem, Catharina A Hartman, Anke Tönjes, Stefania Bandinelli, Lyle J Palmer, Sharon L R Kardia, Rainer Rauramaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Terho Lehtimäki, Massimo Mangino, Markku Laakso, Claude Bouchard, Nicholas G Martin, Diana Kuh, Yongmei Liu, Allan Linneberg, Winfried März, Konstantin Strauch, Mika Kivimäki, Tamara B Harris, Vilmundur Gudnason, Henry Völzke, Lu Qi, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Philippe Froguel, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Vollenweider, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, David R Weir, David J Porteous, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Timothy M Frayling, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael Boehnke, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, David P Strachan, Caroline S Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Joel N Hirschhorn, Robert J Klein, Andrew D Johnson, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen
Physical activity (PA) may modify the genetic effects that give rise to increased risk of obesity. To identify adiposity loci whose effects are modified by PA, we performed genome-wide interaction meta-analyses of BMI and BMI-adjusted waist circumference and waist-hip ratio from up to 200,452 adults of European (n = 180,423) or other ancestry (n = 20,029). We standardized PA by categorizing it into a dichotomous variable where, on average, 23% of participants were categorized as inactive and 77% as physically active...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443625/genome-wide-meta-analysis-of-241-258-adults-accounting-for-smoking-behaviour-identifies-novel-loci-for-obesity-traits
#17
Anne E Justice, Thomas W Winkler, Mary F Feitosa, Misa Graff, Virginia A Fisher, Kristin Young, Llilda Barata, Xuan Deng, Jacek Czajkowski, David Hadley, Julius S Ngwa, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Audrey Y Chu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Elise Lim, Jeremiah Perez, John D Eicher, Zoltán Kutalik, Luting Xue, Anubha Mahajan, Frida Renström, Joseph Wu, Qibin Qi, Shafqat Ahmad, Tamuno Alfred, Najaf Amin, Lawrence F Bielak, Amelie Bonnefond, Jennifer Bragg, Gemma Cadby, Martina Chittani, Scott Coggeshall, Tanguy Corre, Nese Direk, Joel Eriksson, Krista Fischer, Mathias Gorski, Marie Neergaard Harder, Momoko Horikoshi, Tao Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Johanne Marie Justesen, Stavroula Kanoni, Leena Kinnunen, Marcus E Kleber, Pirjo Komulainen, Meena Kumari, Unhee Lim, Jian'an Luan, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Massimo Mangino, Ani Manichaikul, Jonathan Marten, Rita P S Middelberg, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Pau Navarro, Louis Pérusse, Natalia Pervjakova, Cinzia Sarti, Albert Vernon Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Alena Stančáková, Rona J Strawbridge, Heather M Stringham, Yun Ju Sung, Toshiko Tanaka, Alexander Teumer, Stella Trompet, Sander W van der Laan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Sailaja L Vedantam, Niek Verweij, Jacqueline M Vink, Veronique Vitart, Ying Wu, Loic Yengo, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Martina E Zimmermann, Niha Zubair, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Linda S Adair, Saima Afaq, Uzma Afzal, Stephan J L Bakker, Traci M Bartz, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Reiner Biffar, John Blangero, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin Bottinger, Daniele Braga, Brendan M Buckley, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, John C Chambers, Francis S Collins, Joanne E Curran, Gert J de Borst, Anton J M de Craen, Eco J C de Geus, George Dedoussis, Graciela E Delgado, Hester M den Ruijter, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Anna L Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Ian Ford, Terrence Forrester, Karl Gertow, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Jian Gong, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Saskia Haitjema, Göran Hallmans, Anders Hamsten, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas D Hastie, Andrew C Heath, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Mette Hollensted, Oddgeir L Holmen, Georg Homuth, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Joseph Hung, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Erik Ingelsson, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Min A Jhun, Marit E Jørgensen, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Magnus Karlsson, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Genovefa Kolovou, Charles Kooperberg, Bernhard K Krämer, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Nanette R Lee, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Allan Linneberg, Stephane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Gitta Lubke, Anja Ludolph-Donislawski, Sara Lupoli, Pamela A F Madden, Reija Männikkö, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Nicholas G Martin, Colin A McKenzie, Barbara McKnight, Dan Mellström, Cristina Menni, Grant W Montgomery, Aw Bill Musk, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Patricia A Peyser, Charlotta Pisinger, David J Porteous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Treva Rice, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Stephanie A Bien, Igor Rudan, Serena Sanna, Mark A Sarzynski, Naveed Sattar, Kai Savonen, David Schlessinger, Salome Scholtens, Claudia Schurmann, Robert A Scott, Bengt Sennblad, Marten A Siemelink, Günther Silbernagel, P Eline Slagboom, Harold Snieder, Jan A Staessen, David J Stott, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Kent D Taylor, Bamidele O Tayo, Barbara Thorand, Dorothee Thuillier, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Andre G Uitterlinden, Liesbeth Vandenput, Marie-Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Judith M Vonk, Gérard Waeber, Melanie Waldenberger, R G J Westendorp, Sarah Wild, Gonneke Willemsen, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, Wei Zhao, M Carola Zillikens, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Stefania Bandinelli, Carsten A Böger, Dorret I Boomsma, Claude Bouchard, Marcel Bruinenberg, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-DerIda Chen, Peter S Chines, Richard S Cooper, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, Ulf de Faire, Luigi Ferrucci, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christopher A Haiman, Caroline Hayward, Kristian Hveem, Andrew D Johnson, J Wouter Jukema, Sharon L R Kardia, Mika Kivimaki, Jaspal S Kooner, Diana Kuh, Markku Laakso, Terho Lehtimäki, Loic Le Marchand, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Andres Metspalu, Andrew P Morris, Claes Ohlsson, Lyle J Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Ozren Polasek, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Rainer Rauramaa, Blair H Smith, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Konstantin Strauch, Henning Tiemeier, Elena Tremoli, Pim van der Harst, Henrik Vestergaard, Peter Vollenweider, Nicholas J Wareham, David R Weir, John B Whitfield, James F Wilson, Jessica Tyrrell, Timothy M Frayling, Inês Barroso, Michael Boehnke, Panagiotis Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Joel N Hirschhorn, David J Hunter, Tim D Spector, David P Strachan, Cornelia M van Duijn, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, Jonathan Marchini, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ching-Ti Liu, Ingrid B Borecki, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples
Few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) account for environmental exposures, like smoking, potentially impacting the overall trait variance when investigating the genetic contribution to obesity-related traits. Here, we use GWAS data from 51,080 current smokers and 190,178 nonsmokers (87% European descent) to identify loci influencing BMI and central adiposity, measured as waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio both adjusted for BMI. We identify 23 novel genetic loci, and 9 loci with convincing evidence of gene-smoking interaction (GxSMK) on obesity-related traits...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423049/inmap-a-model-for-air-pollution-interventions
#18
Christopher W Tessum, Jason D Hill, Julian D Marshall
Mechanistic air pollution modeling is essential in air quality management, yet the extensive expertise and computational resources required to run most models prevent their use in many situations where their results would be useful. Here, we present InMAP (Intervention Model for Air Pollution), which offers an alternative to comprehensive air quality models for estimating the air pollution health impacts of emission reductions and other potential interventions. InMAP estimates annual-average changes in primary and secondary fine particle (PM2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403738/a-critique-of-risk-disclosure-as-the-solution-for-minimizing-toxic-exposures-in-pregnancy
#19
Anne Rochon Ford, Dayna Nadine Scott
The issue of pregnant women's exposures to everyday chemicals and the implications for the health of future children are receiving increased attention in popular media and in the academic press. In response, health profession organizations are developing clinical practice guidelines for warning pregnant women about the risks associated with exposures to certain toxics. We evaluate different sides of a risk-avoidance approach for pregnant women in the context of a hypothetical case study involving phthalates and women who work in nail salons...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356035/environmental-factors-and-hypertension
#20
Rosa Maria Bruno, Marina Di Pilla, Carla Ancona, Mette Sørensen, Marco Gesi, Stefano Taddei, Thomas Munzel, Agostino Virdis
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are a major cause of poor health worldwide. The most solid evidence is for air pollution, leading to increased disability-adjusted life years. Outdoor temperature and other seasonal climate changes may also influence cardiovascular health, according to their direct modulation of air pollution. Moreover, an increasing body of evidence associates environmental exposure to noise with poor cardiovascular outcome, and in particular with hypertension. METHODS: This review is aimed at reviewing current evidence about the role of these environmental factors in cardiovascular disease and specifically hypertension...
March 21, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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