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industrial forestry

Tim Vlaar, Sofiane Kab, Yannick Schwaab, Nadine Fréry, Alexis Elbaz, Frédéric Moisan
In order to identify working environments at risk for Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigated the relation between the importance of industry sectors, used as a surrogate for occupational exposures, and PD incidence in French cantons. The number of incident PD cases (2010-2014) in 3689 cantons of metropolitan France was determined using drug claims from French National Health Insurance databases. The proportions of workers in 38 industry sectors in 2006 were calculated for each canton. Associations between the proportions of workers in industry sectors and PD age/sex-standardized incidence ratios were examined using incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) estimated with multilevel negative binomial regressions with a random intercept at the canton-level and adjusted for smoking, deprivation index, and density of neurologists...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
Kai Yang, Zhi-Wei Fu, Yun-Feng Cao, Sai-Nan Li, Zuo Du, Xiao-Yu Sun, Yong-Zhe Liu, Kun Yang, Zhong-Ze Fang
Chlorophenols (CPs) are important pollutants extensively utilized in industry, agriculture and forestry. The present study aims to determine the inhibition of CPs on the activity of the important phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). 100 μM of fourteen CPs were used for preliminary screening using in vitro incubation. Furthermore, half inhibition concentration (IC50 ) and inhibition kinetics were determined for CPs with significant inhibition towards UGT isoforms...
April 24, 2018: Chemosphere
Harold S J Zald, Christopher J Dunn
Many studies have examined how fuels, topography, climate, and fire weather influence fire severity. Less is known about how different forest management practices influence fire severity in multi-owner landscapes, despite costly and controversial suppression of wildfires that do not acknowledge ownership boundaries. In 2013, the Douglas Complex burned over 19,000 ha of Oregon & California Railroad (O&C) lands in Southwestern Oregon, USA. O&C lands are composed of a checkerboard of private industrial and federal forestland (Bureau of Land Management, BLM) with contrasting management objectives, providing a unique experimental landscape to understand how different management practices influence wildfire severity...
April 26, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Akira Isogai
Plant cellulose fibers of width and length ∼0.03 mm and ∼3 mm, respectively, can be completely converted to individual cellulose nanofibers of width and length ∼3 nm and ∼1 µm, respectively, by 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical (TEMPO)-mediated oxidation under aqueous conditions and subsequent gentle mechanical disintegration of the oxidized cellulose in water. The obtained TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCNs) are new bio-based, crystalline nanomaterials with applications in the high-tech and commodity product industries...
2018: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
Akiko Yamazaki, Mioko Honda, Naoki Kobayashi, Naoto Ishizaki, Hiroshi Asakura, Yoshiko Sugita-Konishi
The expansion of the wild deer population is a major problem for the Japanese farm and forestry industries because their damage to farm products and vegetation results in huge economic loss. To promote game meat consumption, hygiene inspections should be performed to detect main bacterial pathogens before products are shipped. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of commercial test kits to genetically detect EHEC, Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes in venison. Our results demonstrated that the kits for three pathogens could be useful for venison as well as other domestic meat products...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Andrea Thorenz, Lars Wietschel, Dennis Stindt, Axel Tuma
The biobased chemical industry is characterised by strong growth. Innovative products and materials such as biopolymers have been developed, and current European demand for biopolymers exceeds the domestic supply. Agroforestry residues can serve as main sources of the basic building blocks for chemicals and materials. This work assesses sustainably available agroforestry residues to feed a high added-value materials and product bioeconomy. To evaluate bioeconomic potential, a structured three-step approach is applied...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cleaner Production
Rangaswamy Madugundu, Khalid A Al-Gaadi, ElKamil Tola, Abdalhaleem A Hassaballa, Ahmed G Kayad
The crop Water Footprint (WF) can provide a comprehensive knowledge of the use of water through the demarcation of the amount of the water consumed by different crops. The WF has three components: green (WFg), blue (WFb) and grey (WFgr) water footprints. The WFg refers to the rainwater stored in the root zone soil layer and is mainly utilized for agricultural, horticultural and forestry production. The WFb, however, is the consumptive use of water from surface or groundwater resources and mainly deals with irrigated agriculture, industry, domestic water use, etc...
2018: PloS One
Steven Arthurs, Surendra K Dara
Microbial pesticides based on bacteria, fungi and viruses or their bioactive compounds have long been developed as alternatives for synthetic pesticides to control invertebrate pests. However, concern for environmental and human health from excessive reliance on chemical pesticides, changes in residue standards, and increased demand for organically grown produce has contributed to a considerable growth in their use in recent years. There are currently 356 registered biopesticide active ingredients in the U...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Zhen Xu, Y Jun Xu
Forestry best management practices (BMPs) have proven to be very effective in protecting adjacent stream water quality at the plot scale. However, our knowledge is incomplete about the effectiveness of forestry BMPs in large watersheds where industrial forests are intensively managed. In this study, we compared long-term concentrations and loadings of total suspended solids (TSS), nitrate/nitrite nitrogen (NO3 NO2 -N), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), and total phosphorus (TP) before (1978-1988) and after extensive implementation of forestry BMPs (1994-2008) at the outlet of a 5000-km2 river basin that is predominately covered by intensively managed pine forests in Central Louisiana, USA...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Bryan Weichelt, Serap Gorucu
BACKGROUND: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting industry is the most hazardous occupational sector in the USA. Even with this level of occupational risk, several national and state-level occupational injury surveillance programmes have been eliminated, leaving regional efforts to analyse multiple sources and compile data on agricultural injuries and fatalities. No up-to-date centralised national database for agricultural injuries/fatalities in the USA currently exists. OBJECTIVE: Using the public data on AgInjuryNews...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Micah E Stevens, Keith E Woeste, Paula M Pijut
Cutting propagation plays a large role in the forestry and horticulture industries where superior genotypes need to be clonally multiplied. Integral to this process is the ability of cuttings to form adventitious roots. Recalcitrance to adventitious root development is a serious hurdle for many woody plant propagation systems including black walnut (Juglans nigra L.), an economically valuable species. The inability of black walnut to reliably form adventitious roots limits propagation of superior genotypes...
January 25, 2018: Tree Physiology
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Zohaib Nawaz, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Jialin Hou, Shahid Mahboob, Khalid A Al-Ghanim, Cheng Hairong
Raising environmental concerns and recent global scenario of cleaner production and consumption are leading the world to design green industrial processes to produce alternative fuels and chemicals. Lignocellulosic biomass is enormous and renewable biological resource to produce ethanol and chemicals on sustainable and environmentally basis. Although, bioethanol is one of the most promising and eco-friendly alternatives to fossil fuels yet its production from food and feed has received much negative criticism...
January 21, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
Taylor M Shockey, Sara E Luckhaupt, Matthew R Groenewold, Ming-Lun Lu
Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders (1). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs (2). A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain (3)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Judy Bowen, Annika Hinze, Christopher Griffiths
The New Zealand forestry industry has one of the highest fatality and injury rates of any industrial sector in the country. Worker fatigue has been identified as one of the main contributing factors. Currently no independent and objective large data source is available that might support an analysis of this, or provide the basis for ongoing monitoring to further investigate. In order to successfully manage fatigue in the forestry workplace, we must identify suitable ways of detecting it. Industry partners are increasingly looking at monitoring solutions (particularly lightweight, wearable technology) that aim to measure worker activities and physiological metrics in order to determine if they are fatigued...
December 27, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Marcus Yung, Angelica E Lang, Jamie Stobart, Aaron M Kociolek, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Many occupations in agriculture, construction, transportation, and forestry are non-routine, involving non-cyclical tasks, both discretionary and non-discretionary work breaks, and a mix of work activities. Workers in these industries are exposed to seated whole body vibration (WBV) and tasks consisting of physical, mental, or a combination of demands. Risk assessment tools for non-routinized jobs have emerged but there remains a need to understand the combined effects of different work demands to improve risk assessment methods and ultimately inform ergonomists and workers on optimum work arrangement and scheduling strategies...
2017: PloS One
Hao Cheng, Suocheng Dong, Fujia Li, Yang Yang, Shantong Li, Yu Li
In the counties with rapid economy and carbon emissions (CEs) growth, CEs embodied in interprovincial trade (CEs-PT) significantly impacts the CEs amount and structure and represents a key issue to consider in CEs reduction policies formulation. This study applied EEBT and two-stage SDA model to analyze the characteristics and driving force of spatial-temporal evolution for net CEs-PT outflow in the Northeast Industrial District of China (NID). We found that, during 1997-2007, the net CEs-PT flowed out from NID to 16 south and east provinces, then to 23 provinces all over China, and its amount has increased 216...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann, Geoffrey M Calvert
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. METHODS: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17 299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. RESULTS: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence...
January 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Tao Zhang, Fang Liang, Wanhe Hu, Xiaomeng Yang, Hongzhong Xiang, Ge Wang, Benhua Fei, Zhijia Liu
Significant quantities of bamboo waste are generated in Zhejiang province, China. Many small businesses in this area convert this waste to biochar for use as a cooking fuel (in residential barbecues). This case study was conducted to evaluate the potential economic benefits of building and operating an industrial-sized plant in this province, yielding 500 tonnes per year. The researchers developed a conceptual design for a hypothetical biochar plant and then calculated net present value (NPV), investment payback period (PBP), internal rate of return (IRR), and sensitivity analysis...
October 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
Elisane Silveira Moraes, Marcia Sarpa de Campos Mello, Fernanda de Albuquerque Melo Nogueira, Ubirani Barros Otero, Flávia Nascimento de Carvalho
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world with great impact on public health and leukemia is a hematological cancer directly related to different exposures at work. This study aimed to describe the occupational profile of individuals diagnosed with leukemia. This is a cross-sectional study of cases registered between 2007 and 2011 in the Integrador RHC database. Individuals from 26 Brazilian states, aged 20 years or older, were included. Of the 7,807 cases of leukemia, Minas Gerais recorded the highest occurrence (1,351)...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kaleem Anwar Mir, Pallav Purohit, Shahbaz Mehmood
In this study, an attempt has been made to develop inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for Pakistan at the national and sectoral level. The emission profile includes carbon dioxide (CO2 ), methane (CH4 ), and nitrous oxide (N2 O). In 2012, GHG emissions from different sectors of economy are estimated at 367 Tg CO2 eq. Out of this, CO2 emissions were 179 Tg; CH4 emissions were 107 Tg CO2 eq; and N2 O emissions were 81 Tg CO2 eq. Energy and agriculture sectors contribute approximately 89% of national GHG emissions...
December 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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