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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423963/patient-perceptions-of-environmental-control-units-experiences-of-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders-receiving-inpatient-va-healthcare
#1
Bella Etingen, Rachael N Martinez, Marissa A Vallette, Ryan Dendinger, Balmatee Bidassie, Scott Miskevics, Hira T Khan, Huberta T Cozart, Sara M Locatelli, Frances M Weaver
PURPOSE: To assess patients' perceptions of environmental control units (ECUs) at Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Injury Centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A brief questionnaire was conducted with patients in real-time while they were hospitalised ("on-the-spot questionnaire"); a survey was mailed to patients who had recently been discharged from a hospital stay ("discharge survey"). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Seventy on-the-spot questionnaires and 80 discharge surveys were collected...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422562/from-perception-to-action-the-mediating-role-of-parental-safety-concerns-on-adolescents-physical-activity
#2
Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo
BACKGROUND: Parental safety concerns have been recognized as a critical determinant of adolescents' physical activity. However, it is still uncertain what factors relate to parental safety concern, and how they, in turn, affect adolescents' physical activity. This study explored the mediating relationships of parental safety concern on adolescents' physical activity by considering personal, social, and built environmental factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis used the data from Growing Up in Ireland (GUI), a national study (N=5,212)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#3
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417669/structural-basis-for-the-regulation-of-phytohormone-receptors
#4
Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
Phytohormones are central players in diverse plant physiological events, such as plant growth, development, and environmental stress and defense responses. The elucidation of their regulatory mechanisms through phytohormone receptors could facilitate the generation of transgenic crops with cultivation advantages and the rational design of growth control chemicals. During the last decade, accumulated structural data on phytohormone receptors have provided critical insights into the molecular mechanisms of phytohormone perception and signal transduction...
April 18, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416084/a-conceptual-framework-for-negotiating-public-involvement-in-municipal-waste-management-decision-making-in-the-uk
#5
Kenisha Garnett, Tim Cooper, Philip Longhurst, Simon Jude, Sean Tyrrel
The technical expertise that politicians relied on in the past to produce cost-effective and environmentally sound solutions no longer provides sufficient justification to approve waste facilities. Local authorities need to find more effective ways to involve stakeholders and communities in decision-making since public acceptance of municipal waste facilities is integral to delivering effective waste strategies. This paper presents findings from a research project that explored attitudes towards greater levels of public involvement in UK waste management decision-making...
April 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416002/biological-effects-of-exposure-to-static-electric-fields-in-humans-and-vertebrates-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Anne-Kathrin Petri, Kristina Schmiedchen, Dominik Stunder, Dagmar Dechent, Thomas Kraus, William H Bailey, Sarah Driessen
BACKGROUND: High-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines are the technology of choice for the transport of large amounts of energy over long distances. The operation of these lines produces static electric fields (EF), but the data reviewed in previous assessments were not sufficient to assess the need for any environmental limit. The aim of this systematic review was to update the current state of research and to evaluate biological effects of static EF. METHODS: Using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) recommendations, we collected and evaluated experimental and epidemiological studies examining biological effects of exposure to static EF in humans (n = 8) and vertebrates (n = 40)...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414735/the-coexistence-of-traditional-medicine-and-biomedicine-a-study-with-local-health-experts-in-two-brazilian-regions
#7
Sofia Zank, Natalia Hanazaki
This study investigated the combined use of traditional medicine and biomedicine by local experts in Chapada do Araripe communities (Ceará State) and maroon communities (Santa Catarina State), Brazil. The objective was to understand the perception of local health specialists regarding the number of healers, demand for healers and use of medicinal plants, and the dependence of different environments to obtain such plants. We also aimed to understand the role of medicinal plants to treat different categories of diseases and if there is a complementary use of medicinal plants and allopathic biomedicine, according to the context of each group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411571/a-structural-equation-modeling-approach-to-water-quality-perceptions
#8
Jonas G Levêque, Robert C Burns
Researches on water quality perceptions have used various techniques and models to explain relationships between specific variables. Surprisingly, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) has received little attention in water quality perceptions studies, and reporting has been inconsistent among existing studies. One objective of this article is to provide readers with a methodological example for conducting and reporting SEM. Another objective is to build a model that explains the different relationships among the diverse factors highlighted by previous studies on water quality perceptions...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411273/low-frequency-cortical-oscillations-entrain-to-sub-threshold-rhythmic-auditory-stimuli
#9
Sanne Ten Oever, Charles E Schroeder, David Poeppel, Nienke van Atteveldt, Ashesh D Mehta, Pierre Mégevand, David M Groppe, Elana Zion-Golumbic
Many environmental stimuli contain temporal regularities, a feature which can help predict forthcoming input. Phase-locking (entrainment) of ongoing low-frequency neuronal oscillations to rhythmic stimuli is proposed as a potential mechanism for enhancing neuronal responses and perceptual sensitivity, by aligning high-excitability phases to events within a stimulus stream. Previous experiments show that rhythmic structure has a behavioral benefit even when the rhythm itself is below perceptual detection thresholds (Ten Oever et al...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410528/modeling-the-spread-of-avian-influenza-viruses-in-aquatic-reservoirs-a-novel-hydrodynamic-approach-applied-to-the-rh%C3%A3-ne-delta-southern-france
#10
Marion Vittecoq, Hermann Gauduin, Thibault Oudart, Olivier Bertrand, Benjamin Roche, Matthieu Guillemain, Olivier Boutron
Wild aquatic birds represent a natural reservoir of avian influenza viruses (AIV) that can be spread to poultry. AIV epizootics were associated with huge economic impacts during the last decades and are still of major concern. Within aquatic bird populations AIV are transmitted either by direct contact or through the ingestion of water that has been contaminated by infected individuals. This second route involving environmental transmission is of utmost importance in AIV dynamics, yet it has received far less attention than direct bird-to-bird contamination...
April 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409924/use-of-multiple-linear-regression-models-for-setting-water-quality-criteria-for-copper-a-complementary-approach-to-the-biotic-ligand-model
#11
Kevin V Brix, David K DeForest, Lucinda Tear, Martin Grosell, William J Adams
Biotic Ligand Models (BLMs) for metals are widely applied in ecological risk assessments and in the development of regulatory water quality guidelines in Europe, and in 2007 the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) recommended BLM-based water quality criteria (WQC) for Cu in freshwater. However, to-date, few states have adopted BLM-based Cu criteria into their water quality standards on a state-wide basis, which appears to be due to the perception that the BLM is too complicated or requires too many input variables...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408150/adaptive-and-maladaptive-neural-compensatory-consequences-of-sensory-deprivation-from-a-phantom-percept-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Anusha Mohan, Sven Vanneste
It is suggested that the brain undergoes plastic changes in order to adapt to changing environmental needs. Sensory deprivation results in decreased input to the brain leading to adaptive or maladaptive changes. Although several theories hypothesize the mechanism of these adaptive and maladaptive changes, the course of action taken by the brain heavily depends on the age of incidence of damage. The growing body of literature on the topic proposes that maladaptive changes in the brain are instrumental in creating phantom percepts, defined as the perception of a sensory experience in the absence of a physical stimulus...
April 10, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393294/improving-hpv-vaccination-through-a-diverse-multi-state-coalition
#13
Echo L Warner, Brynn Fowler, Laura Martel, Deanna Kepka
PURPOSE: Rural and highly religious Intermountain West states demonstrate low levels of HPV vaccination uptake. The Intermountain West HPV Vaccination Coalition (IWHVC) was formed to improve HPV vaccination by enhancing collaborations between cancer centers, health departments, health clinics, religious groups, and community organizations. Coalition members' perceptions and experiences are described within. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to the IWHVC...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386746/river-bank-erosion-and-the-influence-of-environmental-flow-management
#14
Geoff J Vietz, Anna Lintern, J Angus Webb, David Straccione
Environmental flows aim to influence river hydrology to provide appropriate physical conditions for ecological functioning within the restrictions of flow regulation. The hydrologic characteristics of flow events, however, may also lead to unintended morphologic effects in rivers, such as increases in riverbank erosion beyond natural rates. This may negatively impact habitat for biota, riparian infrastructure, and land use. Strategic environmental flow delivery linked to monitoring and adaptive management can help mitigate risks...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379355/neuromodulation-in-chemosensory-pathways
#15
Jeremy C McIntyre, Nicolas Thiebaud, John P McGann, Takaki Komiyama, Markus Rothermel
Interactions with the environment depend not only on sensory perception of external stimuli but also on processes of neuromodulation regulated by the internal state of an organism. These processes allow regulation of stimulus detection to match the demands of an organism influenced by its general brain state (satiety, wakefulness/sleep state, attentiveness, arousal, learning etc.). The sense of smell is initiated by sensory neurons located in the nasal cavity that recognize environmental odorants and project axons into the olfactory bulb (OB), where they form synapses with several types of neurons...
April 4, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376811/smart-homes-private-homes-an-empirical-study-of-technology-researchers-perceptions-of-ethical-issues-in-developing-smart-home-health-technologies
#16
Giles Birchley, Richard Huxtable, Madeleine Murtagh, Ruud Ter Meulen, Peter Flach, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Smart-home technologies, comprising environmental sensors, wearables and video are attracting interest in home healthcare delivery. Development of such technology is usually justified on the basis of the technology's potential to increase the autonomy of people living with long-term conditions. Studies of the ethics of smart-homes raise concerns about privacy, consent, social isolation and equity of access. Few studies have investigated the ethical perspectives of smart-home engineers themselves...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375944/exploring-canadians-and-europeans-health-care-professionals-perception-of-biological-risks-patient-safety-and-professional-s-safety-practices
#17
Laurence Bernard, Agnès Bernard, Alain Biron, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay
Patient safety has become a worldwide concern in relation to infectious diseases (Ebola/severe acute respiratory syndrome/flu). During the pandemic, different sanitary responses were documented between Europe and North America in terms of vaccination and compliance with infection prevention and control measures. The purpose of this study was to explore the health care professional's perceptions of biological risks, patient safety, and their practices in European and Canadian health care facilities. A qualitative-descriptive design was used to explore the perceptions of biological risks and patient safety practices among health care professionals in 3 different facilities...
April 3, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371755/are-media-reports-able-to-cause-somatic-symptoms-attributed-to-wifi-radiation-an-experimental-test-of-the-negative-expectation-hypothesis
#18
Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Koen Raymaekers, Omer Van den Bergh, Michael Witthöft
People suffering from idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) experience numerous non-specific symptoms that they attribute to EMF. The cause of this condition remains vague and evidence shows that psychological rather than bioelectromagnetic mechanisms are at work. We hypothesized a role of media reports in the etiology of IEI-EMF and investigated how somatosensory perception is affected. 65 healthy participants were instructed that EMF exposure can lead to enhanced somatosensory perception...
March 31, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371424/knowledge-perceptions-and-attitude-of-a-community-living-around-a-colony-of-straw-coloured-fruit-bats-eidolon-helvum-in-ghana-after-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-west-africa
#19
F Gbogbo, M O Kyei
A large population of straw-coloured fruit bats (Eidolon helvum) colonizes a prime area in the city of Accra where several public amenities are located. Although the colony is positive to several zoonotic viruses including the Ebola virus, there is limited information on the social dimensions of the existence of the bats. As a step towards effective response to health risk and conservation of the bats, this study assessed the knowledge and attitude of the community living around the bats and determined their level of environmental and public health consciousness...
March 30, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371114/perception-of-odors-and-tastes-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-assessments
#20
REVIEW
Mohamed A Boudjarane, Marine Grandgeorge, Rémi Marianowski, Laurent Misery, Éric Lemonnier
Olfaction and gustation are major sensory functions implied in processing environmental stimuli. Some evidences suggest that loss of olfactory function is an early biomarker for neurodegenerative disorders and atypical processing of odor and taste stimuli is present in several neurodevelopmental disorders, notably in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In this paper, we conducted a systematic review investigating the assessments of olfaction and gustation with psychophysics methods in individuals with ASD. Pubmed, PMC and Sciencedirect were scrutinized for relevant literature published from 1970 to 2015...
March 30, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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