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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#1
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208781/intelligent-luminance-control-of-lighting-systems-based-on-imaging-sensor-feedback
#2
Haoting Liu, Qianxiang Zhou, Jin Yang, Ting Jiang, Zhizhen Liu, Jie Li
An imaging sensor-based intelligent Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting system for desk use is proposed. In contrast to the traditional intelligent lighting system, such as the photosensitive resistance sensor-based or the infrared sensor-based system, the imaging sensor can realize a finer perception of the environmental light; thus it can guide a more precise lighting control. Before this system works, first lots of typical imaging lighting data of the desk application are accumulated. Second, a series of subjective and objective Lighting Effect Evaluation Metrics (LEEMs) are defined and assessed for these datasets above...
February 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207878/attitudes-to-in-vitro-meat-a-survey-of-potential-consumers-in-the-united-states
#3
Matti Wilks, Clive J C Phillips
Positivity towards meat consumption remains strong, despite evidence of negative environmental and ethical outcomes. Although awareness of these repercussions is rising, there is still public resistance to removing meat from our diets. One potential method to alleviate these effects is to produce in vitro meat: meat grown in a laboratory that does not carry the same environmental or ethical concerns. However, there is limited research examining public attitudes towards in vitro meat, thus we know little about the capacity for it be accepted by consumers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197837/the-visual-perception-of-distance-ratios-outdoors
#4
J Farley Norman, Olivia C Adkins, Catherine J Dowell, Lindsey M Shain, Stevie C Hoyng, Jonathan D Kinnard
We conducted an experiment to evaluate the ability of 32 younger and older adults to visually perceive distances in an outdoor setting. On any given trial, the observers viewed 2 environmental distances and were required to estimate the distance ratio-the length of the (usually) larger distance relative to that of the shorter. The stimulus distance ratios ranged from 1.0 (the stimulus distances were identical) to 8.0 (1 distance interval was 8.0 times longer than the other). The stimulus distances were presented within a 26 m × 60 m portion of a grassy field...
February 14, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187147/widespread-fear-of-dengue-transmission-but-poor-practices-of-dengue-prevention-a-study-in-the-slums-of-delhi-india
#5
Éric Daudé, Sumit Mazumdar, Vandana Solanki
BACKGROUND: This study has been conducted to throw light on the knowledge and practices related to dengue fever among the poor population living in Delhi's slums. MATERIALS: A household survey was conducted in 2013 among 3,350 households. The households were stratified by a number of variables related to socio-economic status and health events such as hospitalisation. The data collection was completed through face-to-face interviews conducted with the help of 25 field investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179553/mouth-and-voice-a-relationship-between-visual-and-auditory-preference-in-the-human-superior-temporal-sulcus
#6
Lin L Zhu, Michael S Beauchamp
Cortex in and around the human posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) is known to be critical for speech perception. The pSTS responds to both the visual modality (especially biological motion) and the auditory modality (especially human voices). Using fMRI in single subjects with no spatial smoothing, we show that visual and auditory selectivity are linked. Regions of the pSTS were identified that preferred visually-presented moving mouths (presented in isolation or as part of a whole face) or moving eyes...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178755/unmanned-aerial-vehicles-uavs-for-surveying-marine-fauna-assessing-detection-probability
#7
Amanda Hodgson, David Peel, Natalie Kelly
Aerial surveys are conducted for various fauna to assess abundance, distribution, and habitat use over large spatial scales. They are traditionally conducted using light-aircraft with observers recording sightings in real time. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) offer an alternative with many potential advantages, including eliminating human-risk. To be effective, this emerging platform needs to provide detection rates of animals comparable to traditional methods. UAVs can also acquire new types of information, and this new data requires a re-evaluation of traditional analyses used in aerial surveys; including estimating the probability of detecting animals...
February 8, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170095/an-empirical-model-and-ethnic-differences-in-cultural-meanings-via-motives-for-suicide
#8
Joyce Chu, Oula Khoury, Johnson Ma, Francesca Bahn, Bruce Bongar, Peter Goldblum
OBJECTIVE: The importance of cultural meanings via motives for suicide - what is considered acceptable to motivate suicide - has been advocated as a key step in understanding and preventing development of suicidal behaviors. There have been limited systematic empirical attempts to establish different cultural motives ascribed to suicide across ethnic groups. METHOD: We used a mixed methods approach and grounded theory methodology to guide the analysis of qualitative data querying for meanings via motives for suicide among 232 Caucasians, Asian Americans, and Latino/a Americans with a history of suicide attempts, ideation, intent, or plan...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168679/doggone-affordances-canine-perception-of-affordances-for-reaching
#9
Jeffrey B Wagman, Matthew D Langley, Valeri Farmer-Dougan
Performing any behavior requires perceiving affordances-whether and how that behavior can be performed. Perception of affordances exhibits action scaling-choices about when to transition between two different modes of behavior reflect the fit between action capabilities and environmental properties. The boundary between distances that are perceived to be reachable with an arm-only reach and those that are perceived to be reachable with an arm-plus-torso reach occurs at farther distances for long-armed than for short-armed people, but at the same ratio of object-distance-to-arm length for both groups...
February 6, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167567/environmental-and-psychosocial-barriers-to-and-benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-kenya
#10
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Kenya; limited cervical cancer screening services may be a factor. Few studies have examined men's and women's perceptions on environmental and psychosocial barriers and benefits related to screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, 60 women aged 25-49 years and 40 male partners participated in 10 focus groups (6 female and 4 male), in both rural and urban settings (Nairobi and Nyanza, Kenya), to explore perceptions about barriers to and benefits of cervical cancer screening...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161157/effect-of-scoparia-dulcis-on-noise-stress-induced-adaptive-immunity-and-cytokine-response-in-immunized-wistar-rats
#11
Loganathan Sundareswaran, Sakthivel Srinivasan, Wankupar Wankhar, Rathinasamy Sheeladevi
BACKGROUND: Noise acts as a stressor and is reported to have impact on individual health depending on nature, type, intensity and perception. Modern medicine has no effective drugs or cure to prevent its consequences. Being an environmental stressor noise cannot be avoided; instead minimizing its exposure or consuming anti-stressor and adaptogens from plants can be considered. OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-stressor, adaptogen and immunostimulatory activity of Scoparia dulcis against noise-induced stress in Wistar rat models...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148251/enablers-and-barriers-to-evidence-based-planning-in-the-district-health-system-in-uganda-perceptions-of-district-health-managers
#12
Dorcus Kiwanuka Henriksson, Florence Ayebare, Peter Waiswa, Stefan Swartling Peterson, Elly K Tumushabe, Mio Fredriksson
BACKGROUND: The District Health System was endorsed as the key strategy to achieve 'Health for all' during the WHO organized inter-regional meeting in Harare in 1987. Many expectations were put upon the district health system, including planning. Although planning should be evidence based to prioritize activities, in Uganda it has been described as occurring more by chance than by choice. The role of planning is entrusted to the district health managers with support from the Ministry of Health and other stakeholders, but there is limited knowledge on the district health manager's capacity to carry out evidence-based planning...
February 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143395/skewing-in-arabidopsis-roots-involves-disparate-environmental-signaling-pathways
#13
Eric R Schultz, Agata K Zupanska, Natasha J Sng, Anna-Lisa Paul, Robert J Ferl
BACKGROUND: Skewing root patterns provide key insights into root growth strategies and mechanisms that produce root architectures. Roots exhibit skewing and waving when grown on a tilted, impenetrable surface. The genetics guiding these morphologies have been examined, revealing that some Arabidopsis ecotypes skew and wave (e.g. WS), while others skew insignificantly but still wave (e.g. Col-0). The underlying molecular mechanisms of skewing and waving remain unclear. In this study, transcriptome data were derived from two Arabidopsis ecotypes, WS and Col-0, under three tilted growth conditions in order to identify candidate genes involved in skewing...
February 1, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134006/effect-of-an-obesogenic-environment-and-health-behaviour-related-social-support-on-body-mass-index-and-body-image-of-adolescents
#14
Emriye H Yayan, Ayda Çelebioğlu
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an obesogenic environment and social support for health behaviours on body mass index and body image in adolescents. METHODS: This methodological and descriptive study was conducted in a city centre in Turkey. Interviews were made with the Provincial Directorate for National Education, and the schools in the city centre were divided into three regions according to socioeconomic levels; three schools were then determined among the regions by drawing lots...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131964/contextual-factors-associated-with-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-adults-with-obesity
#15
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129413/do-twins-share-the-same-dress-code-quantifying-relative-genetic-and-environmental-contributions-to-subjective-perceptions-of-the-dress-in-a-classical-twin-study
#16
Omar A Mahroo, Katie M Williams, Ibtesham T Hossain, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Diana Kozareva, Ammar Yusuf, Ibrahim Sheriff, Mohamed Oomerjee, Talha Soorma, Christopher J Hammond
The phenomenon of contrasting color perceptions of "the dress" photograph has gained scientific interest. The mechanism underlying why individuals differ is yet to be fully explained. We use the powerful twin model design to ascertain the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors on perception variation. A sample of 466 twins from the British TwinsUK registry were invited to report what color they saw in a standard image of the dress in standard illumination. The mean age of the participants was 49...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129409/justice-is-the-missing-link-in-one-health-results-of-a-mixed-methods-study-in-an-urban-city-state
#17
Tamra Lysaght, Benjamin Capps, Michele Bailey, David Bickford, Richard Coker, Zohar Lederman, Sangeetha Watson, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
BACKGROUND: One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary collaborative approach to human and animal health that aims to break down conventional research and policy 'silos'. OH has been used to develop strategies for zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID). However, the ethical case for OH as an alternative to more traditional public health approaches is largely absent from the discourse. To study the ethics of OH, we examined perceptions of the human health and ecological priorities for the management of zoonotic EID in the Southeast Asia country of Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128779/developmental-milestones-for-productivity-occupations-in-children-and-youth-an%C3%A2-integrative-review
#18
Lisette d'Entremont, Megan Gregor, Evangelia Kirou, Lindsay Nelligan, Donna Dennis
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on developmental milestones for productivity occupations throughout the paediatric lifespan, and negative connotations of work for children and youth may have contributed to a paucity of literature on the topic. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain what is currently known about the timing and types of engagement in productivity occupations in children and youth aged 4-19. METHODS: Literature referencing productive occupations in children and youth aged 4-19 was searched for this integrative review...
January 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125585/the-flash-lag-effect-as-a-motion-based-predictive-shift
#19
Mina A Khoei, Guillaume S Masson, Laurent U Perrinet
Due to its inherent neural delays, the visual system has an outdated access to sensory information about the current position of moving objects. In contrast, living organisms are remarkably able to track and intercept moving objects under a large range of challenging environmental conditions. Physiological, behavioral and psychophysical evidences strongly suggest that position coding is extrapolated using an explicit and reliable representation of object's motion but it is still unclear how these two representations interact...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125346/natural-colorants-food-colorants-from-natural-sources
#20
Gregory T Sigurdson, PeiPei Tang, M Mónica Giusti
The color of food is often associated with the flavor, safety, and nutritional value of the product. Synthetic food colorants have been used because of their high stability and low cost. However, consumer perception and demand have driven the replacement of synthetic colorants with naturally derived alternatives. Natural pigment applications can be limited by lower stability, weaker tinctorial strength, interactions with food ingredients, and inability to match desired hues. Therefore, no single naturally derived colorant can serve as a universal alternative for a specified synthetic colorant in all applications...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
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