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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645583/societal-constraints-related-to-environmental-remediation-and-decommissioning-programmes
#1
Tanja Perko, Horst Monken-Fernandes, Meritxell Martell, Nadja Zeleznik, Patrick O'Sullivan
The decisions related to decommissioning or environmental remediation projects (D/ER) cannot be isolated from the socio-political and cultural environment. Experiences of the IAEA Member States point out the importance of giving due attention to the societal aspects in project planning and implementation. The purpose of this paper is threefold: i) to systematically review societal constraints that some organisations in different IAEA Member States encounter when implementing D/ER programmes, ii) to identify different approaches to overcome these constraints and iii) to collect examples of existing practices related to the integration of societal aspects in D/ER programmes worldwide...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644111/visual-dot-interaction-with-short-term-memory
#2
Faustin Armel Etindele Sosso
AIM: Many neurodegenerative diseases have a memory component. Brain structures related to memory are affected by environmental stimuli, and it is difficult to dissociate effects of all behavior of neurons. MATERIALS & METHODS: Here, visual cortex of mice was stimulated with gratings and dot, and an observation of neuronal activity before and after was made. Bandwidth, firing rate and orientation selectivity index were evaluated. RESULTS: A primary communication between primary visual cortex and short-term memory appeared to show an interesting path to train cognitive circuitry and investigate the basics mechanisms of the neuronal learning...
June 23, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640211/a-novel-active-imaging-model-to-design-visual-systems-a-case-of-inspection-system-for-specular-surfaces
#3
Jorge Azorin-Lopez, Andres Fuster-Guillo, Marcelo Saval-Calvo, Higinio Mora-Mora, Juan Manuel Garcia-Chamizo
The use of visual information is a very well known input from different kinds of sensors. However, most of the perception problems are individually modeled and tackled. It is necessary to provide a general imaging model that allows us to parametrize different input systems as well as their problems and possible solutions. In this paper, we present an active vision model considering the imaging system as a whole (including camera, lighting system, object to be perceived) in order to propose solutions to automated visual systems that present problems that we perceive...
June 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638424/application-of-fuzzy-delphi-in-the-selection-of-copd-risk-factors-among-steel-industry-workers
#4
Rahmat Dapari, Halim Ismail, Rosnah Ismail, Noor Hassim Ismail
BACKGROUND: The Delphi method has been widely applied in many study areas to systematically gather experts' input on particular topic. Recently, it has become increasingly well known in health related research. This paper applied the Fuzzy Delphi method to enhance the validation of a questionnaire pertaining chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) risk factors among metal industry workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed, predefined list of possible risk factors for COPD among metal industry workers was created through a comprehensive and exhaustive review of literature from 1995 to 2015...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637913/predicting-green-really-radical-plant-predictive-processing
#5
Paco Calvo, Karl Friston
In this article we account for the way plants respond to salient features of their environment under the free-energy principle for biological systems. Biological self-organization amounts to the minimization of surprise over time. We posit that any self-organizing system must embody a generative model whose predictions ensure that (expected) free energy is minimized through action. Plants respond in a fast, and yet coordinated manner, to environmental contingencies. They pro-actively sample their local environment to elicit information with an adaptive value...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634636/farmers-willingness-to-adopt-conservation-agriculture-new-evidence-from-lebanon
#6
Ali Chalak, Alexandra Irani, Jad Chaaban, Issam Bashour, Karin Seyfert, Kaitlyn Smoot, Gumataw Kifle Abebe
With increasing food insecurity and climate change, conservation agriculture has emerged as a sustainable alternative to intensive conventional agriculture as a source of food supply. Yet the adoption rate of conservation agriculture is still low. Our paper analyses the factors affecting farmers' willingness to adopt conservation agriculture in Lebanon. The findings show that household characteristics-years of farming and farm size affect conservation agriculture adoption. However, household characteristics alone were insufficient to explain conservation agriculture adoption...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634306/representations-of-time-varying-cochlear-implant-stimulation-in-auditory-cortex-of-awake-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#7
Luke A Johnson, Charles C Della Santina, Xiaoqin Wang
Electrical stimulation of the auditory periphery organ by cochlear implant (CI) generates highly synchronized inputs to the auditory system. It has long been thought such inputs would lead to highly synchronized neural firing along the ascending auditory pathway. However, neurophysiological studies with hearing animals have shown that the central auditory system progressively converts temporal representations of time-varying sounds to firing rate-based representations. It is not clear whether this coding principle also applies to highly synchronized CI inputs...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627010/a-turtle-cognition-research-demonstration-enhances-visitor-engagement-and-keeper-animal-relationships
#8
Andrew C Alba, Katherine A Leighty, Victoria L Pittman Courte, Alison P Grand, Tamara L Bettinger
Environmental enrichment techniques present animals with cognitive challenges while providing them opportunities to make choices and exert control over their environment. In this way, cognitive research and training is enriching to animals and can be used as a form of enrichment in zoos and aquariums. Cognitive research demonstrations also provide an opportunity to enhance visitor experience, as well as foster interactions between animals and keepers. We investigated how cognitive research sessions involving eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) at Disney's Animal Kingdom(®) impacted both the rate of visitors coming to the exhibit and the amount of time they spent engaged...
June 18, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616889/risk-communication-emergency-response-preparedness-contextual-assessment-of-the-protective-action-decision-model
#9
Robert L Heath, Jaesub Lee, Michael J Palenchar, Laura L Lemon
Studies are continuously performed to improve risk communication campaign designs to better prepare residents to act in the safest manner during an emergency. To that end, this article investigates the predictive ability of the protective action decision model (PADM), which links environmental and social cues, predecision processes (attention, exposure, and comprehension), and risk decision perceptions (threat, alternative protective actions, and stakeholder norms) with protective action decision making. This current quasi-longitudinal study of residents (N = 400 for each year) in a high-risk (chemical release) petrochemical manufacturing community investigated whether PADM core risk perceptions predict protective action decision making...
June 14, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616870/hazard-experience-geophysical-vulnerability-and-flood-risk-perceptions-in-a-postdisaster-city-the-case-of-new-orleans
#10
Kevin Fox Gotham, Richard Campanella, Katie Lauve-Moon, Bradford Powers
This article investigates the determinants of flood risk perceptions in New Orleans, Louisiana (United States), a deltaic coastal city highly vulnerable to seasonal nuisance flooding and hurricane-induced deluges and storm surges. Few studies have investigated the influence of hazard experience, geophysical vulnerability (hazard proximity), and risk perceptions in cities undergoing postdisaster recovery and rebuilding. We use ordinal logistic regression techniques to analyze experiential, geophysical, and sociodemographic variables derived from a survey of 384 residents in seven neighborhoods...
June 14, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611886/managing-acute-behavioural-disturbances-in-the-emergency-department-using-the-environment-policies-and-practices-a-systematic-review
#11
Tracey J Weiland, Sean Ivory, Jennie Hutton
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for managing acute behavioural disturbances (ABDs) within emergency departments (EDs) are needed given their rising occurrence and negative impact on safety, psychological wellbeing, and staff turnover. Non-pharmacological interventions for ABD management generally fall into four categories: environmental modifications; policies; practice changes; and education. Our objective was to systematically review the efficacy of strategies for ABD management within EDs that involved changes to environment, architecture, policy and practice...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611608/coping-style-modifies-general-and-affective-autonomic-reactions-of-domestic-pigs-in-different-behavioral-contexts
#12
Annika Krause, Birger Puppe, Jan Langbein
Based on individual adaptive strategies (coping), animals may react differently to environmental challenges in terms of behavior and physiology according to their emotional perception. Emotional valence as well as arousal may be derived by measuring vagal and sympathetic tone of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). We investigated the situation-dependent autonomic response of 16 domestic pigs with either a reactive or a proactive coping style, previously selected according to the backtest which is accepted in piglets to assess escape behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#13
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608713/a-case-study-seclusion-and-restraint-in-psychiatric-care
#14
Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue
A wide breadth of research has recognized that seclusion and restraint affects patients, staff, and organizations alike. Therefore, it is essential to understand the viewpoints of all stakeholders to improve practices. The study aimed to understand the context in which seclusion and restraint practices are employed based on the perceptions of staff and inpatients in a psychiatric ward. A case study was performed using a participatory approach. Methods included a 56-hr immersion in the practice setting and individual interviews with staff and patients ( n = 17)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603461/perceptions-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-hispanic-americans-need-for-targeted-messaging
#15
Ozioma Obiwuru, Sarah Joseph, Lihua Liu, Ana Palomeque, Leslie Tarlow, Annette M Langer-Gould, Lilyana Amezcua
BACKGROUND: Illness perceptions have been reported to be important determinants of multiple sclerosis (MS)-related well-being. Hispanic culture is defined by strong cultural beliefs in which illness is often perceived to arise from strong emotions. Understanding the perceptions of MS in Hispanic Americans may provide a better understanding of cultural barriers that may exist. The purpose of this study was to describe Hispanic American perceptions of MS. METHODS: We gathered information from semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant responses from the University of Southern California Hispanic MS Registry...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601518/biochemical-responses-and-ultrastructural-changes-in-ethylene-insensitive-mutants-of-arabidopsis-thialiana-subjected-to-bisphenol-a-exposure
#16
Imran Ali, Mehmood Jan, Abdul Wakeel, Azizullah Azizullah, Bohan Liu, Faisal Islam, Abid Ali, M K Daud, Yihua Liu, Yinbo Gan
Bisphenol A (BPA), an important raw material in plastic industry, has become a serious environmental contaminant due to its wide spread use in different products and increasing release into the environment. BPA is known to cause adverse effects in living organisms including plants. Several studies reported that BPA affects growth and development in plants, mainly through oxidative stress. Plants are known to generally cope with stress mainly through hormonal regulation and adaptation, but little is known about the role of plant hormones in plants under BPA stress...
June 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600748/teacher-respiratory-health-symptoms-in-relation-to-school-and-home-environment
#17
Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Melissa Francois, Iulia A Neamtiu, Qiaoxuan Lin, Eva Csobod, Eugen S Gurzau
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated teachers' respiratory health, especially its relationship with school/home environment, and school policies. This study assessed asthma and smoking prevalence among teachers in Romania, teacher's perception and knowledge of the school environment, policies and asthma management, and how school and home environment affected asthma, allergy, and respiratory infection symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained information from 104 Romanian teachers utilizing teacher questionnaire data for Romania only, as part of the Schools Indoor Pollution and Health: Observatory Network in Europe (SINPHONIE) study, a multicenter European research project conducted between 2010 and 2012...
June 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599360/lessons-learned-from-khartoum-flash-flood-impacts-an-integrated-assessment
#18
Mohamad Ibrahim Mahmood, Nadir Ahmed Elagib, Finlay Horn, Suhair A G Saad
This study aims at enabling the compilation of key lessons for decision makers and urban planners in rapidly urbanizing cities regarding the identification of representative, chief causal natural and human factors for the increased level of flash flood risk. To achieve this, the impacts of flash flood events of 2013 and 2014 in the capital of Sudan, Khartoum, were assessed using seven integrated approaches, i.e. rainfall data analysis, document analysis of affected people and houses, observational fieldwork in the worst flood affected areas, people's perception of causes and mitigation measures through household interviews, reported drinking water quality, reported water-related diseases and social risk assessment...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598349/predicting-water-filter-and-bottled-water-use-in-appalachia-a-community-scale-case-study
#19
Jonas G Levêque, Robert C Burns
A questionnaire survey was conducted in order to assess residents' perceptions of water quality for drinking and recreational purposes in a mid-sized city in northcentral West Virginia. Two logistic regression analyses were conducted in order to investigate the factors that influence bottle use and filter use. Results show that 37% of respondents primarily use bottled water and that 58% use a household filter when drinking from the tap. Respondents with lower levels of environmental concern, education levels, and lower organoleptic perceptions were most likely to perceive health risks from tap water consumption, and were most likely to use bottled water...
June 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596094/physical-activity-of-rurally-residing-children-with-a-disability-a-survey-of-parents-and-carers
#20
Luke Wakely, Jessica Langham, Catherine Johnston, Kym Rae
BACKGROUND: Children residing in rural areas face unique barriers to physical activity participation. Further, while children with a disability who reside in metropolitan areas face barriers hindering physical activity, rurally residing children with a disability may face the augmented combination of these barriers that could have negative health implications. Parents are often the key advocates for children with disabilities and are likely to have valuable insight into the opportunities and barriers to physical activity for their child...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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