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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749606/perceived-stress-is-associated-with-increased-rostral-middle-frontal-gyrus-cortical-thickness-a-family-based-and-discordant-sibling-investigation
#1
L J Michalski, C H Demers, D A A Baranger, D M Barch, M P Harms, G C Burgess, R Bogdan
BACKGROUND: Elevated stress perception and depression commonly co-occur, suggesting that they share a common neurobiology. Cortical thickness of the rostral middle frontal gyrus (RMFG), a region critical for executive function, has been associated with depression- and stress-related phenotypes. Here, we examined whether RMFG cortical thickness is associated with these phenotypes in a large family-based community sample. METHODS: RMFG cortical thickness was estimated using FreeSurfer among participants (n=879) who completed the ongoing Human Connectome Project...
July 27, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747957/acn9-regulates-the-inflammatory-responses-in-human-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#2
Jae Hoon Jeong, Jeeyoung Kim, Jeongwoon Kim, Hye-Ryeon Heo, Jin Seon Jeong, Young-Joon Ryu, Yoonki Hong, Seon-Sook Han, Seok-Ho Hong, Seung-Joon Lee, Woo Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Airway epithelial cells are the first line of defense, against pathogens and environmental pollutants, in the lungs. Cellular stress by cadmium (Cd), resulting in airway inflammation, is assumed to be directly involved in tissue injury, linked to the development of lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We had earlier shown that ACN9 (chromosome 7q21), is a potential candidate gene for COPD, and identified significant interaction with smoking, based on genetic studies...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#3
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741248/lessons-learned-from-arsenic-mitigation-among-private-well-households
#4
REVIEW
Yan Zheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many thousands of research papers have been published on the occurrence, health effects, and mitigation of arsenic in drinking water sourced from groundwater around the world. Here, an attempt is made to summarize this large body of knowledge into a small number of lessons. RECENT FINDINGS: This is an opinion paper reflecting on why we are far from the goal of eliminating this silent and widespread poison to protect the health of many millions...
July 24, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740371/influence-of-environmental-factors-on-food-intake-among-nursing-home-residents-a-survey-combined-with-a-video-approach
#5
Fanny Buckinx, Jean-Yves Reginster, Alison Morelle, Nicolas Paquot, Nicole Labeye, Médéa Locquet, Stéphane Adam, Olivier Bruyère
BACKGROUND: In addition to the well-known physiological factors, dietary behavior that affects health seems to be influenced by a wide variety of environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess, by means of an original video approach, the influence of the environment on food intake in nursing homes. METHODS: The perception of the environment during meals in nursing homes was evaluated by residents and by two groups of volunteers who either work in the field of geriatrics, or who do not work in the field of geriatrics...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737678/an-update-on-jacalin-like-lectins-and-their-role-in-plant-defense
#6
REVIEW
Lara Esch, Ulrich Schaffrath
Plant lectins are proteins that reversibly bind carbohydrates and are assumed to play an important role in plant development and resistance. Through the binding of carbohydrate ligands, lectins are involved in the perception of environmental signals and their translation into phenotypical responses. These processes require down-stream signaling cascades, often mediated by interacting proteins. Fusing the respective genes of two interacting proteins can be a way to increase the efficiency of this process. Most recently, proteins containing jacalin-related lectin (JRL) domains became a subject of plant resistance responses research...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735648/knowledge-about-dietary-fibre-and-its-health-benefits-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-2536-residents-from-across-croatia
#7
Marija Ljubicic, Marijana Matek Saric, Ivana Rumbak, Irena Colic Baric, Drazenka Komes, Zvonimir Satalic, Raquel P F Guiné
This cross-sectional study is aimed at identifying the level of understanding of the health benefits of dietary fibre in the prevention of disease, as well as the association between that understanding and fibre consumption in the Croatian population. We believe that nutritional knowledge is important for the consumption of healthy food which includes also a positive reflection on food habits and health. Only well-informed consumers can shop effectively for food rich in dietary fibre and thereby derive the health benefits that fibre can offer...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735410/rhizosphere-sampling-protocols-for-microbiome-16s-18s-its-rrna-library-preparation-and-enrichment-for-the-isolation-of-drought-tolerance-promoting-microbes
#8
Venkatachalam Lakshmanan, Prasun Ray, Kelly D Craven
Natural plant microbiomes are abundant and have a remarkably robust composition, both as epiphytes on the plant surface and as endophytes within plant tissues. Microbes in the former "habitat" face limited nutrients and harsh environmental conditions, while those in the latter likely lead a more sheltered existence. The most populous and diverse of these microbiomes are associated with the zone around the plant roots, commonly referred to as the rhizosphere. A majority of recent studies characterize these plant-associated microbiomes by community profiling of bacteria and fungi, using amplicon-based marker genes and next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732812/extracts-and-compounds-active-on-trp-ion-channels-from-waldheimia-glabra-a-ritual-medicinal-plant-from-himalaya
#9
Annamaria Giorgi, Angela Bassoli, Gigliola Borgonovo, Sara Panseri, Alessandra Manzo, Daniela Pentimalli, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Luciano De Petrocellis
BACKGROUND: Waldheimia glabra (Decne.) Regel is a wild plant from the Himalayan Mountains, commonly known as Smooth Ground Daisy. This plant is traditionally used by local populations in religious rituals (incense) or in traditional herbal medicine to treat skin diseases, headache, joint pain and fever. In literature few data are available on the investigation of this aromatic plant. PURPOSE: The present work aims at deepening knowledge about the chemical composition of W...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732739/environmental-scan-of-infection-prevention-and-control-practices-for-containment-of-hospital-acquired-infectious-disease-outbreaks-in-acute-care-hospital-settings-across-canada
#10
Wrechelle Ocampo, Rose Geransar, Nancy Clayden, Jessica Jones, Jill de Grood, Mark Joffe, Geoffrey Taylor, Bayan Missaghi, Craig Pearce, William Ghali, John Conly
BACKGROUND: Ward closure is a method of controlling hospital-acquired infectious diseases outbreaks and is often coupled with other practices. However, the value and efficacy of ward closures remains uncertain. PURPOSE: To understand the current practices and perceptions with respect to ward closure for hospital-acquired infectious disease outbreaks in acute care hospital settings across Canada. METHODS: A Web-based environmental scan survey was developed by a team of infection prevention and control (IPC) experts and distributed to 235 IPC professionals at acute care sites across Canada...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731964/the-relationship-between-environmental-sound-awareness-and-speech-recognition-skills-in-experienced-cochlear-implant-users
#11
Michael S Harris, Lauren Boyce, David B Pisoni, Valeriy Shafiro, Aaron C Moberly
HYPOTHESIS: 1) Environmental sound awareness (ESA) and speech recognition skills in experienced, adult cochlear implant (CI) users will be highly correlated, and, 2) ESA skills of CI users will be significantly lower than those of age-matched adults with normal hearing. BACKGROUND: Enhancement of ESA is often discussed with patients with sensorineural hearing loss as a potential benefit of implantation and, in some cases, ESA may be a major motivating factor. Despite its ecological validity and patients' expectations, ESA remains largely a presumed skill...
July 20, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731791/sensory-drive-color-and-color-vision
#12
Trevor D Price
Colors often appear to differ in arbitrary ways among related species. However, a fraction of color diversity may be explained because some signals are more easily perceived in one environment rather than another. Models show that not only signals but also the perception of signals should regularly evolve in response to different environments, whether these primarily involve detection of conspecifics or detection of predators and prey. Thus, a deeper understanding of how perception of color correlates with environmental attributes should help generate more predictive models of color divergence...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728905/perceptions-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-infection-control-professionals-in-taiwan
#13
Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsiao-Ju Lin, Chun-Wei Chiu, Jia-Ling Wu, Hsiao-Chieh Liu, I-Hsiu Huang, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: High Clostridium difficile colonization and infection rates among hospitalized patients had been noted in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the cognition about clinical diagnosis and management of CDI among infection control professionals in Taiwan is not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 24-item survey questionnaire about the diagnosis, therapy, or infection control policies toward CDI was distributed in the annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of Taiwan (IDST) in October 2015 and Infectious Control Society of Taiwan (ICST) in April 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#14
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716923/molecular-mechanism-of-environmental-d-xylose-perception-by-a-xylfii-lyts-complex-in-bacteria
#15
Jianxu Li, Chengyuan Wang, Gaohua Yang, Zhe Sun, Hui Guo, Kai Shao, Yang Gu, Weihong Jiang, Peng Zhang
d-xylose, the main building block of plant biomass, is a pentose sugar that can be used by bacteria as a carbon source for bio-based fuel and chemical production through fermentation. In bacteria, the first step for d-xylose metabolism is signal perception at the membrane. We previously identified a three-component system in Firmicutes bacteria comprising a membrane-associated sensor protein (XylFII), a transmembrane histidine kinase (LytS) for periplasmic d-xylose sensing, and a cytoplasmic response regulator (YesN) that activates the transcription of the target ABC transporter xylFGH genes to promote the uptake of d-xylose...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714443/a-spanish-language-risk-perception-survey-for-developing-diabetes-translation-process-and-assessment-of-psychometric-properties
#16
Kevin L Joiner, Rosa Maria Sternberg, Christine Kennedy, Jyu-Lin Chen, Yoshimi Fukuoka, Susan L Janson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Create a Spanish-language version of the Risk Perception Survey for Developing Diabetes (RPS-DD) and assess psychometric properties. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Spanish-language version was created through translation, harmonization, and presentation to the tool's original author. It was field tested in a foreignborn Latino sample and properties evaluated in principal components analysis. RESULTS: Personal Control, Optimistic Bias, and Worry multi-item Likert subscale responses did not cluster together...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709392/african-american-fathers-occupational-participation-keeping-the-mothers-in-a-positive-vibe
#17
Kris Pizur-Barnekow, David Pate, Katie Lazar, Nelly Paul, Kathleen Pritchard, George Morris
Infant mortality is a major public health issue in the United States that disproportionally affects African Americans. Evidence suggests reducing stress on African American women and engaging African American fathers may improve health and social outcomes for families. This study sought to understand the experiences of African American fathers through a positivistic lens and to inform future interventions that support father engagement. A descriptive, qualitative study using the Person, Environment, Occupation-Performance (PEO-P) model as a framework for analysis was conducted involving 45 fathers participating in four focus groups and one member-checking group...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708527/artificially-extended-photoperiod-administered-to-pre-partum-mares-via-blue-light-to-a-single-eye-observations-on-gestation-length-foal-birth-weight-and-foal-hair-coat-at-birth
#18
Margaret B Nolan, Caroline M Walsh, Noelle Duff, Conor McCrarren, Ralph L Prendergast, Barbara A Murphy
In seasonally breeding animals, photoperiod perception is crucial for timing of important physiological events. In the horse, long day photoperiod influences the onset of ovulation and cyclicity, shedding of the heavier winter coat and the timing of parturition. In this compilation of studies, conducted across three breeding seasons and two countries, the impact of artificially extended day length was investigated on gestation length, foal birth weight and foal hair coat at birth. The light therapy was administered to pre-partum mares via mobile head worn masks which provided short wavelength blue light to a single eye...
June 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707547/-we-need-a-safe-walkable-way-to-connect-our-sisters-and-brothers-a-qualitative-study-of-opportunities-and-challenges-for-neighborhood-based-physical-activity-among-residents-of-low-income-african-american-communities
#19
Stephanie T Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melissa L Fair, Ellen W Stowe, S Morgan Hughey, Lauren Boeckerman, Sally Wills, Yvonne Reeder
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the benefits of and influencing factors for neighborhood-based physical activity (PA), and elicit suggestions for increasing neighborhood-based PA among primarily Black residents living in lower income neighborhoods. DESIGN: Eight focus groups were conducted in low-income, predominantly Black neighborhoods (n = 8) in Greenville, SC during Spring 2014. Using a semi-structured focus group guide with open-ended questions, residents were asked to describe benefits of PA, neighborhood factors associated with PA, and ways to increase PA within their neighborhoods...
July 14, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701973/schizophrenia-an-impairment-in-the-capacity-to-perceive-affordances
#20
Nam-Gyoon Kim, Hakboon Kim
Phenomenological psychopathologists conceptualize schizophrenia as a self-disorder involving profound distortions of selfhood. For James Gibson, "to perceive the world is to coperceive oneself." If the sense of self is disturbed in individuals with schizophrenia, this could also lead to disturbances in these individuals' ability to perceive affordances, environmental properties taken with reference to the perceiver's action capabilities (e.g., a rigid surface affording 'walk-on-able,' chairs 'sit-on-able,' and so on)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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