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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149787/the-role-of-the-home-environment-in-dementia-care-and-support-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#1
Dia Soilemezi, Amy Drahota, John Crossland, Rebecca Stores
Background The domestic home is the preferred site for care provision for people with dementia and their families, therefore creating a dementia and caring friendly home environment is crucial. This systematic review synthesised qualitative studies to explore the role of the home environment and identify potential barriers and facilitators in home dementia care and support to inform future practice and research. Methods A systematic search in 12 databases identified international qualitative literature on perceptions and experiences of community-dwelling people with dementia, family and formal carers regarding the role of the home environment and ways to tackle daily challenges...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145071/proteomic-analysis-reveals-that-tomato-interaction-with-plant-growth-promoting-bacteria-is-highly-determined-by-ethylene-perception
#2
Pablo Ibort, Hiroyuki Imai, Matsuo Uemura, Ricardo Aroca
Feeding an increasing global population as well as reducing environmental impact of crops is the challenge for the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Plant-growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) management could represent a suitable method but elucidation of their action mechanisms is essential for a proper and effective utilization. Furthermore, ethylene is involved in growth and response to environmental stimuli but little is known about the implication of ethylene perception in PGPB activity. The ethylene-insensitive tomato never ripe and its isogenic wild-type cv...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137946/distinct-environmental-enrichment-protocols-reduce-anxiety-but-differentially-modulate-pain-sensitivity-in-rats
#3
Louise Faggionato Kimura, Vânia Gomes de Moura Mattaraia, Gisele Picolo
Environmental enrichment (EE) can alter anxiety as well as perception of nociceptive stimuli, suggesting a relationship between well-being and analgesia. Considering that, we aimed to evaluate the influence of different EE types on anxiety and peripheral pain sensibility of male Wistar rats. Animals were submitted to two different types of EE: On the first one, animals were housed in standard size cages after weaning and received three different objects, one type per week, on a regular basis (simple EE - sEE)...
November 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135431/intervention-to-improve-medication-management-qualitative-outcomes-from-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jaclyn K Schwartz, Kimberly A Grogan, Melissa J Mutch, Emily B Nowicki, Elizabeth A Seidel, Stefanie A Woelfel, Roger O Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define an occupational therapy intervention to promote medication management and to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention. METHOD: Nineteen adults with chronic health conditions and poor medication adherence participated in a two-group, blinded, randomized study. They received either an occupational therapy or a standard care intervention. We used a qualitative method to measure participants' changes in medication management through an interview regarding participants' perceptions and behaviors...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132089/neural-effects-of-environmental-advertising-an-fmri-analysis-of-voice-age-and-temporal-framing
#5
Luis-Alberto Casado-Aranda, Myriam Martínez-Fiestas, Juan Sánchez-Fernández
Ecological information offered to society through advertising enhances awareness of environmental issues, encourages development of sustainable attitudes and intentions, and can even alter behavior. This paper, by means of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and self-reports, explores the underlying mechanisms of processing ecological messages. The study specifically examines brain and behavioral responses to persuasive ecological messages that differ in temporal framing and in the age of the voice pronouncing them...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124053/contextual-factors-and-mastery-motivation-in-young-children-with-and-without-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#6
Hsiang-Han Huang, Tzu-Han Sun, Chia-I Lin, Yi-Ru Chen
Background: Mastery motivation is the driving force behind children's desire to explore the surrounding world and their comprehensive development. However, disease factors may lower a child's motivation and hamper development. The aim of this review is to examine mastery motivation in preschool children with cerebral palsy (CP) and the impact of contextual factors on mastery motivation. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched (PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PsycINFO, Medline, and Airiti Library) using the keywords "Activity," "Cerebral Palsy," "Preschool," "Motivation," "Mastery motivation," "Gross motor," and "Toddler...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111610/the-function-and-mechanism-of-vocal-accommodation-in-humans-and-other-primates
#7
Hanna Ruch, Yvonne Zürcher, Judith M Burkart
The study of non-human animals, in particular primates, can provide essential insights into language evolution. A critical element of language is vocal production learning, i.e. learning how to produce calls. In contrast to other lineages such as songbirds, vocal production learning of completely new signals is strikingly rare in non-human primates. An increasing body of research, however, suggests that various species of non-human primates engage in vocal accommodation and adjust the structure of their calls in response to environmental noise or conspecific vocalizations...
November 7, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110714/subjectively-and-objectively-assessed-social-and-physical-environmental-correlates-of-preschoolers-accelerometer-based-physical-activity
#8
Michael Eichinger, Sven Schneider, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: Overweight and low levels of physical activity (PA) in preschoolers are major public health concerns. However, to date only few studies have investigated subjective and objective correlates of PA across different socioecological domains in preschoolers. We therefore simultaneously investigate associations between preschoolers' objectively measured leisure-time PA and a comprehensive set of subjective and objective potential PA correlates across the behavioral, social and physical environmental domains on both family- and community-level...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104513/expert-risk-perceptions-and-the-social-amplification-of-risk-a-case-study-in-invasive-tree-pests-and-diseases
#9
Julie Urquhart, Clive Potter, Julie Barnett, John Fellenor, John Mumford, Christopher P Quine
The Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) is often used as a conceptual tool for studying diverse risk perceptions associated with environmental hazards. While widely applied, it has been criticised for implying that it is possible to define a benchmark 'real' risk that is determined by experts and around which public risk perceptions can subsequently become amplified. It has been argued that this objectification of risk is particularly problematic when there are high levels of scientific uncertainty and a lack of expert consensus about the nature of a risk and its impacts...
November 2017: Environmental Science & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102505/validity-of-self-reported-intensity-of-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-at-home-against-environmental-and-personal-markers
#10
José M Martínez-Sánchez, Adrián González-Marrón, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Xisca Sureda, Marcela Fu, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Iñaki Galán, José Antonio Pascual, Esteve Fernández
The objective of this study was to assess the validity of two questions about the perception of intensity of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home using as a reference environmental markers (airborne nicotine and benzene) and biomarkers of exposure (cotinine in saliva and urine). This was a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 49 non-smoking volunteers. We found a high correlation between self-reported SHS exposure and airborne nicotine (rsp=0.806, p<0.05), salivary cotinine (rsp=0.752, p<0...
November 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099320/perceptions-of-the-veterinary-profession-among-human-health-care-students-before-an-inter-professional-education-course-at-midwestern-university
#11
Ryane E Englar, Alyssa Show-Ridgway, Donald L Noah, Erin Appelt, Ross Kosinski
Conflicts among health care professionals often stem from misperceptions about each profession's role in the health care industry. These divisive tendencies impede progress in multidisciplinary collaborations to improve human, animal, and environmental health. Inter-professional education (IPE) may repair rifts between health care professions by encouraging students to share their professional identities with colleagues in unrelated health care disciplines. An online survey was conducted at Midwestern University (MWU) to identify baseline perceptions about veterinary medicine among entry-level human health care students before their enrollment in an inter-professional course...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097239/studies-on-the-environmental-fate-ecotoxicology-and-toxicology-of-2-methyl-1-3-propanediol
#12
REVIEW
J Fowles, C Lewis, E Rushton
2-methyl 1,3-propandiol (MPD) is a low molecular weight, colorless glycol used in polymer and coating applications. The log Kow of -0.6 suggests partitioning to aqueous phases with a low concern for possible bioaccumulation. MPD was found to be inherently biodegradable. Ecotoxicological results in several aquatic and terrestrial species found no significant hazard potential. MPD is rapidly absorbed via the oral and dermal routes, metabolized to 3-hydroxybutyrate, and excreted in urine with a half-life of 3...
October 28, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096695/floral-micromorphology-and-transcriptome-analyses-of-a-fragrant-vandaceous-orchid-vanda-mimi-palmer-for-its-fragrance-production-sites
#13
Conie Toh, Ab Rahim Mohd-Hairul, Nooraini Mohd Ain, Parameswari Namasivayam, Rusea Go, Nur Ashikin Psyquay Abdullah, Meilina Ong Abdullah, Janna Ong Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Vanda Mimi Palmer (VMP) is commercially valuable for its strong fragrance but little is known regarding the fragrance production and emission sites on the flowers. RESULTS: Olfactory perception detected fragrance only from the petals and sepals. Light and Environmental Scanning Electron microscopy analyses on fresh tissues showed distributions of stomata and trichomes concentrated mostly around the edges. These results paralleled the rich starch deposits and intense neutral red stain, indicating strong fragrance and trichomes as potential main fragrance release sites...
November 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095512/through-the-eyes-of-children-drawings-as-an-evaluation-tool-for-children-s-understanding-about-endangered-mexican-primates
#14
Montserrat Franquesa-Soler, Juan Carlos Serio-Silva
This study seeks to understand children's perceptions and knowledge of endangered Mexican primates. The black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) is a charismatic species endemic to Southern Mexico, Northern Belize, and Guatemala and is a symbol of the region that fosters a sense of local pride. Therefore, it can be considered a flagship species for the forests of Southern Mexico. We evaluated the perception and knowledge that 297 Mexican elementary school children (8-10 years old) have about black howler monkeys...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093689/coping-with-stress-in-deprived-urban-neighborhoods-what-is-the-role-of-green-space-according-to-life-stage
#15
Jenny J Roe, Peter A Aspinall, Catharine Ward Thompson
This study follows previous research showing how green space quantity and contact with nature (via access to gardens/allotments) helps mitigate stress in people living in deprived urban environments (Ward Thompson et al., 2016). However, little is known about how these environments aid stress mitigation nor how stress levels vary in a population experiencing higher than average stress. This study used Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to, first, identify latent health clusters in the same population (n = 406) and, second, to relate health cluster membership to variables of interest, including four hypothetical stress coping scenarios...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091933/benefits-and-challenges-of-incorporating-citizen-science-into-university-education
#16
Nicola Mitchell, Maggie Triska, Andrea Liberatore, Linden Ashcroft, Richard Weatherill, Nancy Longnecker
A common feature of many citizen science projects is the collection of data by unpaid contributors with the expectation that the data will be used in research. Here we report a teaching strategy that combined citizen science with inquiry-based learning to offer first year university students an authentic research experience. A six-year partnership with the Australian phenology citizen science program ClimateWatch has enabled biology students from the University of Western Australia to contribute phenological data on plants and animals, and to conduct the first research on unvalidated species datasets contributed by public and university participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084132/evaluation-of-thermal-comfort-and-carbon-dioxide-levels-during-ventricular-assist-device-implant
#17
Marco Lembo, Antonio Santoro, Martina Andellini, Giulia Losito, Nicole Olivini, Mario Graziano Tucci, Michele Del Gaudio
BACKGROUND: Environmental measurements were performed in an operating theatre within a pediatric cardiac department, during a surgical operation involving the use of carbon dioxide for the implantation of a ventricular system (VAD). OBJECTIVES: After some reports from the staff, who were complaining about low temperatures in the operating room, it was decided to check carbon dioxide levels, the conditions of thermal comfort and the presence of draughts. METHODS: Microclimatic parameters and carbon dioxide concentration were performed with a microclimatic unit Delta OHM model HD 32...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083116/non-branched-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-oligosaccharides-trigger-immune-responses-in-arabidopsis
#18
Hugo Mélida, Sara Sopeña-Torres, Laura Bacete, María Garrido-Arandia, Lucía Jordá, Gemma López, Antonio Muñoz, Luis F Pacios, Antonio Molina
Fungal cell walls, essential for environmental adaptation and host colonization, have been evolutionarily selected by plants and animals as a source of Microbe-Associated Molecular Patterns (MAMPs) that upon recognition by host Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRRs) trigger immune responses conferring disease resistance. Chito-oligosaccharides (β-1,4-N-acetylglucosamine oligomers, (GlcNAc)n ) are the only glycosidic structures from fungal walls well-shown to function as MAMPs in plants. Perception of (GlcNAc)4-8 by Arabidopsis involves CERK1, LYK4 and LYK5, three of the eight members of LysM PRR family...
October 30, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083115/an-update-on-environmental-mastitis-challenging-perceptions
#19
I C Klaas, R N Zadoks
Environmental mastitis is the most common and costly form of mastitis in modern dairy herds where contagious transmission of intramammary pathogens is controlled through implementation of standard mastitis prevention programmes. Environmental mastitis can be caused by a wide range of bacterial species, and binary classification of species as contagious or environmental is misleading, particularly for Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis and other streptococcal species, including Streptococcus agalactiae...
October 30, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080711/encoding-of-natural-timbre-dimensions-in-human-auditory-cortex
#20
Emily J Allen, Michelle Moerel, Agustín Lage-Castellanos, Federico De Martino, Elia Formisano, Andrew J Oxenham
Timbre, or sound quality, is a crucial but poorly understood dimension of auditory perception that is important in describing speech, music, and environmental sounds. The present study investigates the cortical representation of different timbral dimensions. Encoding models have typically incorporated the physical characteristics of sounds as features when attempting to understand their neural representation with functional MRI. Here we test an encoding model that is based on five subjectively derived dimensions of timbre to predict cortical responses to natural orchestral sounds...
November 4, 2017: NeuroImage
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