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environmental perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778684/modeled-and-perceived-rf-emf-noise-and-air-pollution-and-symptoms-in-a-population-cohort-is-perception-key-in-predicting-symptoms
#1
Astrid L Martens, Marije Reedijk, Tjabe Smid, Anke Huss, Danielle Timmermans, Maciej Strak, Wim Swart, Virissa Lenters, Hans Kromhout, Robert Verheij, Pauline Slottje, Roel C H Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial research has shown that perceived exposure can influence symptom reporting, regardless of actual exposure. The impact of this phenomenon on the interpretation of results from epidemiological research on environmental determinants of symptoms is unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare associations between modeled exposures, the perceived level of these exposures and reported symptoms (non-specific symptoms, sleep disturbances, and respiratory symptoms) for three different environmental exposures (radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF), noise, and air pollution)...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#2
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774830/frequent-implication-of-multistress-tolerant-campylobacter-jejuni-in-human-infections
#3
Euna Oh, Linda Chui, Junghee Bae, Vincent Li, Angela Ma, Steven K Mutschall, Eduardo N Taboada, Lynn M McMullen, Byeonghwa Jeon
Campylobacter jejuni, a major cause of bacterial foodborne illnesses, is considered highly susceptible to environmental stresses. In this study, we extensively investigated the stress tolerance of 121 clinical strains of C. jejuni against 5 stress conditions (aerobic stress, disinfectant exposure, freeze-thaw, heat treatment, and osmotic stress) that this pathogenic bacterium might encounter during foodborne transmission to humans. In contrast to our current perception about high stress sensitivity of C. jejuni, a number of clinical strains of C...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774525/teaching-social-perception-skills-to-adolescents-with-autism-and-intellectual-disabilities-using-video-based-group-instruction
#4
Tiffany A Stauch, Joshua B Plavnick, Sudha Sankar, Annie C Gallagher
Few interventions focus on teaching social skills to adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) that are consistently used during interactions with peers ( Carter et al., 2014). The present study evaluated the effects of video-based group instruction (VGI) on the acquisition of social perception skills of five adolescents with ASD or ID in a public school setting. Social perception involves observing affective behaviors of others, discriminating relevant environmental stimuli, and differentially reinforcing the affective behavior of another person...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772818/integrated-method-for-personal-thermal-comfort-assessment-and-optimization-through-users-feedback-iot-and-machine-learning-a-case-study-%C3%A2
#5
Francesco Salamone, Lorenzo Belussi, Cristian Currò, Ludovico Danza, Matteo Ghellere, Giulia Guazzi, Bruno Lenzi, Valentino Megale, Italo Meroni
Thermal comfort has become a topic issue in building performance assessment as well as energy efficiency. Three methods are mainly recognized for its assessment. Two of them based on standardized methodologies, face the problem by considering the indoor environment in steady-state conditions (PMV and PPD) and users as active subjects whose thermal perception is influenced by outdoor climatic conditions (adaptive approach). The latter method is the starting point to investigate thermal comfort from an overall perspective by considering endogenous variables besides the traditional physical and environmental ones...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770183/colour-for-behavioural-success
#6
Birgitta Dresp-Langley, Adam Reeves
Colour information not only helps sustain the survival of animal species by guiding sexual selection and foraging behaviour but also is an important factor in the cultural and technological development of our own species. This is illustrated by examples from the visual arts and from state-of-the-art imaging technology, where the strategic use of colour has become a powerful tool for guiding the planning and execution of interventional procedures. The functional role of colour information in terms of its potential benefits to behavioural success across the species is addressed in the introduction here to clarify why colour perception may have evolved to generate behavioural success...
March 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761159/association-between-sporting-event-attendance-and-self-rated-health-an-analysis-of-multiyear-cross-sectional-national-data-in-japan
#7
Yuhei Inoue, Mikihiro Sato, Makoto Nakazawa
Background: This study examined the extent to which sporting event attendance is associated with self-rated health. Drawing from an economic model of health production and psychological research on the health benefits of psychosocial resources, sporting event attendance was hypothesized to have a positive relationship with self-rated health. Methods: A two-level multilevel ordered logistic regression was used to analyze multiyear cross-sectional data collected from national surveys in Japan...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758431/a-framework-to-investigate-drivers-of-adaptation-decisions-in-marine-fishing-evidence-from-urban-semi-urban-and-rural-communities
#8
Krishna Malakar, Trupti Mishra, Anand Patwardhan
Traditional fishing livelihoods need to adapt to changing fish catch/populations, led by numerous anthropogenic, environmental and climatic stressors. The decision to adapt can be influenced by a variety of socio-economic and perceptual factors. However, adaptation decision-making in fishing communities has rarely been studied. Based on previous literature and focus group discussions with community, this study identifies few prominent adaptation responses in marine fishing and proposes credible factors driving decisions to adopt them...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758426/two-contrasted-future-scenarios-for-the-french-agro-food-system
#9
Gilles Billen, Julia Le Noë, Josette Garnier
Narratives of two prospective scenarios for the future of French agriculture were elaborated by pushing several trends already acting on the dynamics of the current system to their logical end. The first one pursues the opening and specialization characterizing the long-term evolution of the last 50 years of most French agricultural regions, while the second assumes a shift, already perceptible through weak signals, towards more autonomy at the farm and regional scales, a reconnection of crop and livestock farming and a more frugal human diet...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#10
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755490/quantitative-tandem-affinity-purification-an-effective-tool-to-investigate-protein-complex-composition-in-plant-hormone-signaling-strigolactones-in-the-spotlight
#11
Sylwia Struk, Lukas Braem, Alan Walton, Annick De Keyser, François-Didier Boyer, Geert Persiau, Geert De Jaeger, Kris Gevaert, Sofie Goormachtig
Phytohormones tightly regulate plant growth by integrating changing environmental and developmental cues. Although the key players have been identified in many plant hormonal pathways, the molecular mechanisms and mode of action of perception and signaling remain incompletely resolved. Characterization of protein partners of known signaling components provides insight into the formed protein complexes, but, unless quantification is involved, does not deliver much, if any, information about the dynamics of the induced or disrupted protein complexes...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749009/generalist-health-professional-s-interactions-with-consumers-who-have-a-mental-illness-in-nonmental-health-settings-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-research
#12
REVIEW
Scott Brunero, Lucie M Ramjan, Yenna Salamonson, Daniel Nicholls
Generalist health professionals (GHPs) or those healthcare professionals working in nonmental health facilities are increasingly being required to provide care to consumers with a mental illness. The review aimed to synthesize the qualitative research evidence on the meanings and interpretations made by GHPs (nonmental health professional) who interact with consumers with mental illness in nonmental health settings. A systematic review of the qualitative literature was undertaken for the years 1994-2016. The following electronic databases were searched: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747043/combined-effects-of-physiological-condition-and-environmental-attributes-in-determining-call-plasticity
#13
Lucia Ziegler, Matias Arim, Francisco Bozinovic
Evidence is growing on the ability of anurans to make immediate call adjustments in response to the propagation properties of the environment. However, our understanding of such flexibility is typically based on dichotomous stimuli (i.e. presence/absence), while its condition-dependence has been little explored. We experimentally studied the ability of adjustment and its condition dependence of advertisement calls of Hypsiboas pulchellus in response to different levels of attenuation. Individuals modified most call parameters analyzed, although the direction of adjustments was contingent on individual identity, level of attenuation and trait category (i...
May 7, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746892/taste-phenotype-associates-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-via-diet-quality-in-multivariate-modeling
#14
Mastaneh Sharafi, Shristi Rawal, Maria Luz Fernandez, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Valerie B Duffy
Sensations from foods and beverages drive dietary choices, which in turn, affect risk of diet-related diseases. Perception of these sensation varies with environmental and genetic influences. This observational study aimed to examine associations between chemosensory phenotype, diet and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Reportedly healthy women (n = 110, average age 45 ± 9 years) participated in laboratory-based measures of chemosensory phenotype (taste and smell function, propylthiouracil (PROP) bitterness) and CVD risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, serum lipids)...
May 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740795/coping-with-adversity-individual-differences-in-the-perception-of-noisy-and-accented-speech
#15
Drew J McLaughlin, Melissa M Baese-Berk, Tessa Bent, Stephanie A Borrie, Kristin J Van Engen
During speech communication, both environmental noise and nonnative accents can create adverse conditions for the listener. Individuals recruit additional cognitive, linguistic, and/or perceptual resources when faced with such challenges. Furthermore, listeners vary in their ability to understand speech in adverse conditions. In the present study, we compared individuals' receptive vocabulary, inhibition, rhythm perception, and working memory with transcription accuracy (i.e., intelligibility scores) for four adverse listening conditions: native speech in speech-shaped noise, native speech with a single-talker masker, nonnative-accented speech in quiet, and nonnative-accented speech in speech-shaped noise...
May 8, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737270/orientation-of-agri-food-companies-to-csr-and-consumer-perception-a-survey-on-two-italian-companies
#16
Gennaro Civero, Vincenzo Rusciano, Debora Scarpato
BACKGROUND: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the most important tool for implementing Sustainability Guidelines for Business (US20030018487A1), delivering economic, social and environmental benefits for all the stakeholders and is currently the focus of international studies and debates (US7260559B1), especially in the agri-food sector as demonstrated by recent patents (CA2862273A1). In most agri-food businesses operating in Italy, there is little effectiveness in the communication strategies of this instrument to the stakeholders since they are often not advanced...
May 7, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736652/mcdm-analysis-of-wind-energy-in-turkey-decision-making-based-on-environmental-impact
#17
Sinem Değirmenci, Ferhat Bingöl, Sait C Sofuoglu
Development of new wind energy projects require complex planning process involving many social, technical, economic, environmental, political concerns, and different agents such as investors, utilities, governmental agencies, or social groups. The aim of this study is to develop a tool combining Geographic Information System (GIS) and Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) methodologies, and its application for Turkey as a case study. A variety of constraints and criteria were identified based on a literature review and regulations gathered from variety of agencies, use of which resulted in determination of infeasible sites...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735081/whose-fault-is-it-fraud-scandal-in-the-milk-industry-and-its-impact-on-product-image-and-consumption-the-case-of-brazil
#18
Raquel Breitenbach, Heber Rodrigues, Janaína Balk Brandão
Food safety is a crucial thematic to any nation and the frauds in the food chain are an increasingly phenomena nowadays. The general goal of the present work was to identify the perception and behavior of Brazilian fresh milk consumers' in relation to the fraud in the milk production and sell chain. A total of 1015 consumers answered an online questionnaire on the variables that shape decision-making (individual differences, environmental influences and psychological stimuli or processes) and the behavior related to this decision process...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734712/sedentary-behaviour-in-swiss-children-and-adolescents-disentangling-associations-with-the-perceived-and-objectively-measured-environment
#19
Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Kees de Hoogh, Christian Schindler, Bengt Kayser, L Suzanne Suggs, Alain Dössegger, Nicole Probst-Hensch
Identifying correlates of sedentary behaviour across all levels of the ecological model and understanding their interrelations is a promising method to plan effective interventions. The present study examined whether the objectively assessed and the perceived neighbourhood are associated with children’s sedentary behaviour time (SBT). A comprehensive set of factors at different levels of influence across the ecological model were taken into account and analysed for mediating and modifying effects...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734592/formal-and-informal-environmental-sensing-data-and-integration-potential-perceptions-of-citizens-and-experts
#20
Qijun Jiang, Arnold K Bregt, Lammert Kooistra
Environmental sensing data provide crucial information for environment-related decision-making. Formal data are provided by official environmental institutes. Beyond those, however, there is a growing body of so-called informal sensing data, which are contributed by citizens using low-cost sensors. How good are these informal data, and how might they be applied, next to formal environmental sensing data? Could both types of sensing data be gainfully integrated? This paper presents the results of an online survey investigating perceptions within citizen science communities, environmental institutes and their networks of formal and informal environmental sensing data...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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