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environmental perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936883/taking-back-a-little-of-what-you-have-lost-the-meaning-of-using-an-environmental-control-system-ecs-for-people-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Michele Verdonck, Maeve Nolan, Gill Chard
PURPOSE: Assistive technologies have deep and personal meanings for people with disabilities. This study sought to provide an in-depth exploration of the subjective meaning of Environmental Control System (ECS) use for people with high cervical spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore the personal meaning of ECS. In-depth interviews with five participants were analyzed according to recommended IPA guidelines to produce a rich phenomenological account of lived experience...
September 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934379/autotrophic-biorefinery-dawn-of-the-gaseous-carbon-feedstock
#2
Sai Kishore Butti, S Venkata Mohan
CO2 is a resource yet to be effectively utilized in the autotrophic biotechnology, not only to mitigate and moderate the anthropogenic influence on our climate, but also to steer CO2 sequestration for sustainable development and carbon neutral status. The atmospheric CO2 concentration has seen an exponential increase with the turn of the new millennia causing numerous environmental issues and also in a way feedstock crisis. To progressively regulate the growing CO2 concentrations and to incorporate the integration strategies to our existing CO2 capturing tools, all the influencing factors need to be collectively considered...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931925/a-single-question-regarding-mobility-in-the-world-health-organization-quality-of-life-questionnaire-predicts-3-year-mortality-in-patients-receiving-chronic-hemodialysis
#3
Hsiu-Ho Wang, Miao-Chun Ho, Kuan-Yu Hung, Hui-Teng Cheng
Low quality of life, depression and poor quality of sleep are associated with increased mortality in hemodialysis patients. It is not clear which factor has the highest predictive power and what the core element is to explain the predictability. We thus conducted a prospective cohort study that included 151 hemodialysis adults. Three traits of interest were assessed by World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire, an abbreviated version (WHOQOL-BREF), Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire, and Athens Insomnia Scale, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931846/identification-of-genes-involved-in-chemoreception-in-plutella-xyllostella-by-antennal-transcriptome-analysis
#4
Shiyong Yang, Depan Cao, Guirong Wang, Yang Liu
Perception of environmental and habitat cues is of significance for insect survival and reproduction. Odor detection in insects is mediated by a number of proteins in antennae such as odorant receptors (ORs), ionotropic receptors (IRs), odorant binding proteins (OBPs), chemosensory proteins (CSPs), sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) and odorant degrading enzymes. In this study, we sequenced and assembled the adult male and female antennal transcriptomes of a destructive agricultural pest, the diamondback moth Plutella xyllostella...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930000/higher-parental-perceptions-of-wealth-associated-with-the-birth-of-more-sons-in-an-australian-population
#5
A M Behie, M H O'Donnell
Many industrialized nations are currently experiencing a decline in average secondary sex ratio (SSR) resulting in fewer boys being born relative to girls. While many potential factors may explain the decline in the birth of males relative to females, it seems most studies support the idea that male offspring are produced less often when environmental conditions are poor owing to males being more susceptible to loss in harsh environments. This study investigates the maternal factors that are associated with the sex of offspring in a cohort of the Australian population...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923578/coastal-dynamics-vs-beach-users-attitudes-and-perceptions-to-enhance-environmental-conservation-and-management-effectiveness
#6
Roberta Aretano, Luca Parlagreco, Teodoro Semeraro, Giovanni Zurlini, Irene Petrosillo
This work carries out a landscape analysis for the last 60years to compare the degree of preservation of two areas on the same Italian coastline characterized by different environmental protection levels: a National designated protected areas and a highly tourist coastal destination. The conversion of natural land-covers into human land uses were detected for protected and unprotected coastal stretches highlighting that the only establishment of a protected area is not enough to stem undesirable land-use outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918822/a-theoretical-model-to-explain-the-smart-technology-adoption-behaviors-of-elder-consumers-elderadopt
#7
Stephen M Golant
A growing global population of older adults is potential consumers of a category of products referred to as smart technologies, but also known as telehealth, telecare, information and communication technologies, robotics, and gerontechnology. This paper constructs a theoretical model to explain whether older people will adopt smart technology options to cope with their discrepant individual or environmental circumstances, thereby enabling them to age in place. Its proposed constructs and relationships are drawn from multiple academic disciplines and professional specialties, and an extensive literature focused on the factors influencing the acceptance of these smart technologies...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912823/assessment-of-environmental-attitudes-and-risk-perceptions-among-university-students-in-mersin-turkey
#8
Gulcin Yapici, Oya Ögenler, Ahmet Öner Kurt, Fazıl Koçaş, Tayyar Şaşmaz
BACKGROUND: Environmental destruction is one of the most important problems in this century. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the environmental attitudes and perceived risks associated with environmental factors of the students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 faculties of Mersin University. The research data were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire included sociodemographic characteristics, the "Environmental Attitudes Scale," and the "Environmental Risk Perception Scale...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912456/physiological-activity-in-calm-thermal-indoor-environments
#9
Tsuyoshi Okamoto, Kaori Tamura, Naoyuki Miyamoto, Shogo Tanaka, Takaharu Futaeda
Indoor environmental comfort has previously been quantified based on the subjective assessment of thermal physical parameters, such as temperature, humidity, and airflow velocity. However, the relationship of these parameters to brain activity remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of airflow on brain activity using electroencephalograms (EEG) of participants in a living environment under different airflow conditions. Before the recording, the room was set to a standardised air temperature and humidity...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910733/survey-of-the-effect-of-odour-impact-on-communities
#10
J E Hayes, R J Stevenson, R M Stuetz
In the context of environmental malodour, surveys are valuable as they allow for the relatively detailed analysis of multiple factors pertaining to odour perception and subsequent reaction. However, the causes for an individual to experience odour impact while a neighbour will not are still not understood. The goal of this current survey design was to consolidate varying research paths for surveys within the environmental odour research space. This survey investigated the area of effect for wastewater treatment plants by using stratified random sampling techniques that radiated from the industrial areas...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910690/smoking-cessation-for-substance-misusers-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies-on-participant-and-provider-beliefs-and-perceptions
#11
REVIEW
Sarah Gentry, Jean Craig, Richard Holland, Caitlin Notley
INTRODUCTION: Smoking prevalence among those in substance misuse treatment remains much higher than the general population, despite evidence for effective cessation interventions that do not negatively impact substance misuse outcomes. This systematic review summarises qualitative data on barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation for people in substance misuse treatment, participants' and providers' perceptions about effects of smoking cessation on substance misuse treatment, timing of intervention delivery and aspects of interventions perceived to be effective...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904141/extreme-diel-dissolved-oxygen-and-carbon-cycles-in-shallow-vegetated-lakes
#12
Mikkel R Andersen, Theis Kragh, Kaj Sand-Jensen
A common perception in limnology is that shallow lakes are homogeneously mixed owing to their small water volume. However, this perception is largely gained by downscaling knowledge from large lakes to their smaller counterparts. Here we show that shallow vegetated lakes (less than 0.6 m), in fact, undergo recurring daytime stratification and nocturnal mixing accompanied by extreme chemical variations during summer. Dense submerged vegetation effectively attenuates light and turbulence generating separation between warm surface waters and much colder bottom waters...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900235/neural-correlates-of-ambient-thermal-sensation-an-fmri-study
#13
Hajime Oi, Teruo Hashimoto, Takayuki Nozawa, Akitake Kanno, Natasha Kawata, Kanan Hirano, Yuki Yamamoto, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
An increasing number of biometeorological and psychological studies have demonstrated the importance and complexity of the processes involved in environmental thermal perception in humans. However, extant functional imaging data on thermal perception have yet to fully reveal the neural mechanisms underlying these processes because most studies were performed using local thermal stimulation and did not dissociate thermal sensation from comfort. Thus, for the first time, the present study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and manipulated ambient temperature during brain measurement to independently explore the neural correlates of thermal sensation and comfort...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899607/the-scholarly-productivity-and-work-environments-of-academic-pharmacists
#14
Shane P Desselle, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, G Leela Raja
BACKGROUND: Productive faculty are key to generating new knowledge and advancing pharmacy practice. The work environments of academic pharmacists are critical to their vitality, commitment, and longevity. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify correlates of faculty scholarly productivity and teaching effectiveness, considering personal and environmental characteristics; (2) determine the relationship between a faculty's perception of organizational citizenship behaviors they witness with the organizational culture of their employing college/school of pharmacy; and (3) describe the relationship between organizational climate, job satisfaction, and commitment of academic pharmacists...
September 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899101/retention-of-qualified-healthcare-workers-in-rural-senegal-lessons-learned-from-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mari Nagai, Noriko Fujita, Ibrahima S Diouf, Malick Salla
INTRODUCTION: Deployment and retention of a sufficient number of skilled and motivated human resources for health (HRH) at the right place and at the right time are critical to ensure people's right to access a universal quality of health care. Vision Tokyo 2010 Network, an international network of HRH managers at the ministry of health (MoH) level in nine Francophone African countries, identified maldistribution of a limited number of healthcare personnel and their retention in rural areas as overarching problems in the member countries...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894457/strigolactones-biosynthesis-and-their-role-in-abiotic-stress-resilience-in-plants-a-critical-review
#16
REVIEW
Wajeeha Saeed, Saadia Naseem, Zahid Ali
Strigolactones (SLs), being a new class of plant hormones, play regulatory roles against abiotic stresses in plants. There are multiple hormonal response pathways, which are adapted by the plants to overcome these stressful environmental constraints to reduce the negative impact on overall crop plant productivity. Genetic modulation of the SLs could also be applied as a potential approach in this regard. However, endogenous plant hormones play central roles in adaptation to changing environmental conditions, by mediating growth, development, nutrient allocation, and source/sink transitions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894428/an-integrative-perspective-on-interpersonal-coordination-in-interactive-team-sports
#17
Silvan Steiner, Anne-Claire Macquet, Roland Seiler
Interpersonal coordination is a key factor in team performance. In interactive team sports, the limited predictability of a constantly changing context makes coordination challenging. Approaches that highlight the support provided by environmental information and theories of shared mental models provide potential explanations of how interpersonal coordination can nonetheless be established. In this article, we first outline the main assumptions of these approaches and consider criticisms that have been raised with regard to each...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892802/regulation-of-cellulose-synthesis-in-response-to-stress
#18
REVIEW
Christopher Kesten, Alexandra Menna, Clara Sánchez-Rodríguez
The cell wall is a complex polysaccharide network that provides stability and protection to the plant and is one of the first layers of biotic and abiotic stimuli perception. A controlled remodeling of the primary cell wall is essential for the plant to adapt its growth to environmental stresses. Cellulose, the main component of plant cell walls is synthesized by plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthases moving along cortical microtubule tracks. Recent advancements demonstrate a tight regulation of cellulose synthesis at the primary cell wall by phytohormone networks...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890759/general-perceptions-and-awareness-level-among-local-residents-in-penang-island-toward-bats-conservation-efforts
#19
Nur Juliani Shafie, Shahrul Anuar Mohd Sah, Aini Hasanah Abdul Mutalib, Nik Fadzly
The population of bats has declined from year to year caused by human activities such as logging and hunting activities. Since the human factor is linked to the issues of population decline in many animal species, a community-based conservation strategy that involved local communities is needed. We conducted face-to-face surveys among residents in Penang Island to assess knowledge and awareness level toward bats conservation efforts. We collected demographic values such as age, gender, level of education, length of residency as well as their monthly income, since different group in these variable might have different perception...
July 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889281/discovery-of-the-second-messenger-cyclic-di-gmp
#20
Ute Römling, Michael Y Galperin
The nearly ubiquitous bacterial second messenger cyclic di-GMP is involved in a multitude of fundamental physiological processes such as sessility/motility transition and the switch between the acute and chronic infection status, combined with cell cycle control. The discovery of cyclic di-GMP, though, has been an example par excellence of scientific serendipity. We recapitulate here its years-long discovery process as an activator of the cellulose synthase of the environmental bacterium Komagataeibacter xylinus and its consequences for follow-up research...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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