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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652647/emotion-regulation-strategy-selection-in-daily-life-the-role-of-social-context-and-goals
#1
Tammy English, Ihno A Lee, Oliver P John, James J Gross
Recent studies have begun to document the diversity of ways people regulate their emotions. However, one unanswered question is why people regulate their emotions as they do in everyday life. In the present research, we examined how social context and goals influence strategy selection in daily high points and low points. As expected, suppression was particularly tied to social features of context: it was used more when others were present, especially non-close partners, and when people had instrumental goals, especially more interpersonal ones (e...
April 2017: Motivation and Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648957/teaching-psychology-to-nursing-students-a-discussion-of-the-potential-contribution-of-psychology-towards-building-resilience-to-lapses-in-compassionate-caring
#2
Jan M A de Vries, Fiona Timmins
Psychology is a required element in nursing education in many countries. It is particularly aimed at teaching nursing students to get a better understanding of patients, colleagues, health care organizations and themselves, and moreover to apply what they learn about psychology to optimise their care. A meaningful integration of psychology within nursing education requires an emphasis on its application in understanding aspects of care and skills development. However, its ultimate value is demonstrated when addressing problem areas in nursing and health care...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647839/do-bumble-bee-bombus-impatiens-queens-signal-their-reproductive-and-mating-status-to-their-workers
#3
Etya Amsalem, Mario Padilla, Paul M Schreiber, Naomi S Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproduction in social insect societies reflects a delicate balance between cooperation and conflict over offspring production, and worker reproduction is widespread even in species showing strong reproductive skew in favor of the queen. To navigate these conflicts, workers are predicted to develop the means to estimate the queen's fecundity - potentially through behavioral and/or chemical cues - and to adjust their reproduction to maximize their fitness. Here, we introduced bumble bee, Bombus impatiens, workers to queens of different mating and reproductive status and examined worker reproduction and expression levels of two genes which were previously shown to be sensitive to the presence of the queen, vitellogenin and Krüppel-homolog 1...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645279/diabetes-care-in-a-complex-humanitarian-emergency-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#4
Adrianna Murphy, Michel Biringanine, Bayard Roberts, Beverley Stringer, Pablo Perel, Kiran Jobanputra
BACKGROUND: Evidence is urgently needed from complex emergency settings to support efforts to respond to the increasing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). We conducted a qualitative study of a new model of DM health care (Integrated Diabetic Clinic within an Outpatient Department [IDC-OPD]) implemented by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Mweso Hospital in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We aimed to explore patient and provider perspectives on the model in order to identify factors that may support or impede it...
June 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645235/external-validity-of-the-new-york-university-caregiver-intervention-key-caregiver-outcomes-across-multiple-demonstration-projects
#5
Elizabeth B Fauth, Mark A Jackson, Donna K Walberg, Nancy E Lee, Leisa R Easom, Gayle Alston, Angel Ramos, Kristen Felten, Asenath LaRue, Mary Mittelman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The Administration on Aging funded six New York University Caregiver Intervention (NYUCI) demonstration projects, a counseling/support intervention targeting dementia caregivers and families. Three sites (Georgia, Utah, Wisconsin) pooled data to inform external validity in nonresearch settings. This study (a) assesses collective changes over time, and (b) compares outcomes across sites on caregiver burden, depressive symptoms, satisfaction with social support, family conflict, and quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641585/cancer-bereaved-siblings-positive-and-negative-memories-and-experiences-of-illness-and-death-a-nationwide-follow-up
#6
Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Malin Lövgren, Alexandra Eilegård Wallin, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore bereaved siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of their brother's or sister's illness and death. METHOD: In our nationwide Swedish study, 174 of 240 (73%) bereaved siblings participated, and 70% responded to two open-ended statements, which focused on siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of illness and death. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The bereaved siblings' responses were categorized into four different themes: (1) endurance versus vulnerability, (2) family cohesion versus family conflicts, (3) growth versus stagnation, and (4) professional support versus lack of professional support...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#7
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#8
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637228/application-of-social-network-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-organization-infrastructure-for-service-delivery-a-three-district-case-study-from-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#9
Freddie Ssengooba, Vincent Kawooya, Justine Namakula, Suzanne Fustukian
In post-conflict settings, service coverage indices are unlikely to be sustained if health systems are built on weak and unstable inter-organization networks-here referred to as infrastructure. The objective of this study was to assess the inter-organization infrastructure that supports the provision of selected health services in the reconstruction phase after conflict in northern Uganda. Applied social network analysis was used to establish the structure, size and function among organizations supporting the provision of (1) HIV treatment, (2) maternal delivery services and (3) workforce strengthening...
June 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636487/internalized-homonegativity-confucianism-and-self-esteem-at-the-emergence-of-an-lgbtq-identity-in-modern-vietnam
#10
Tam Nguyen, Holly Angelique
We examine the relationships between internalized homonegativity, Confucianism, and self-esteem among LGBTQ adults who grew up during the Open Door Policy, or Đổi Mới, in Vietnam. Participants were identified via activist networks and social media groups. They comopleted on-line survey focused on internalized homo/transphobia, self-estem and confucian values. The study revealed that more exposure to Confucian values in early life is related to higher levels of internalized homonegativity. Male-born participants also had higher level of internalized homonegativity than female-born particiapnts...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634438/computational-models-of-anterior-cingulate-cortex-at-the-crossroads-between-prediction-and-effort
#11
Eliana Vassena, Clay B Holroyd, William H Alexander
In the last two decades the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has become one of the most investigated areas of the brain. Extensive neuroimaging evidence suggests countless functions for this region, ranging from conflict and error coding, to social cognition, pain and effortful control. In response to this burgeoning amount of data, a proliferation of computational models has tried to characterize the neurocognitive architecture of ACC. Early seminal models provided a computational explanation for a relatively circumscribed set of empirical findings, mainly accounting for EEG and fMRI evidence...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632097/the-moderating-effect-of-neighborhood-sense-of-community-on-predictors-of-substance-use-among-hispanic-urban-youth
#12
David T Lardier, Marisa MacDonnell, Veronica R Barrios, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert J Reid
Hispanic adolescents represent a disproportionate number of youth living in urban communities. These youth confront significant social problems that increase their likelihood for substance use. However, youth that have a greater neighborhood sense of community are postulated, through empowerment theory, to be less influenced by negative environmental experiences and less inclined to engage in drug and alcohol use. We examine the moderating effect neighborhood SOC has on predictors of substance use among Hispanic (N = 538) urban youth in low- (n = 246) and high-conflict homes (n = 292)...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632094/the-interactive-effects-of-social-support-and-physical-functioning-on-hiv-medical-outcomes-among-african-americans-whom-inject-drugs
#13
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie A Denison, Roland J Thorpe, Amy R Knowlton
Research suggests a syndemic of substance use, mental illness, and familial conflict is associated with poor HIV medical outcomes among African American persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Social support may facilitate positive health outcomes. This study explores psychosocial correlates of HIV medical outcomes, defined as undetectable viral load (UVL) and acute care minimization. Data were from baseline of the BEACON study (N = 351). UVL was ≤40 copies/mL. Acute care minimization was defined as no ER visits and/or hospitalizations in 6 months...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629463/how-understanding-and-application-of-drug-related-legal-instruments-affects-harm-reduction-interventions-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to examine how understanding and application of Drug Control Law (DCL) and Village/Commune Safety Policy (VCSP) affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia from the standpoints of law enforcement officials, people who inject drugs and people who use drugs (PWID/PWUD), as well as other key stakeholders...
June 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628736/-it-s-definitely-not-alzheimer-s-perceived-benefits-and-drawbacks-of-a-mild-cognitive-impairment-diagnosis
#15
Tim Gomersall, Sarah Kate Smith, Charlotte Blewett, Arlene Astell
OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label. METHODS: Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626430/behavior-patterns-of-antisocial-teenagers-interacting-with-parents-and-peers-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Francisco J P Cabrera, Ana Del Refugio C Herrera, San J A Rubalcava, Kalina I M Martínez
Antisocial behavior may begin during childhood and if maintained during adolescence, is likely to continue and escalate during adulthood. During adolescence, in particular, it has been established that antisocial behavior may be reinforced and shaped by exchanges between the teenager and his parents and peers, although the molecular process of these relations is as yet unknown. This paper explores the patterns of social interaction established by adolescents with and without the risk of engaging in antisocial behavior in order to understand the exchanges of them with their most important social groups, during 2 years...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625072/depression-and-anxiety-among-war-widows-of-nepal-a-post-civil-war-cross-sectional-study
#17
Syaron Basnet, Pragya Kandel, Prabhat Lamichhane
Thousands of Nepalese women were widowed as a consequence of a decade (1996-2006) long civil war in Nepal. These women are at grave risk of mental health problems due to both traumatic experiences and violation of natural order of widowhood. The present study explores the depression and anxiety among war-widows. In 2012, a cross-sectional study was designed to interview 358 war-widows using validitated Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory in four districts of Nepal - Bardiya, Surkhet, Sindhupalchowk and Kavrepalanchowk with history of high conflict intensity...
June 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623896/with-a-little-help-from-my-friends-cooperation-can-accelerate-the-rate-of-adaptive-valley-crossing
#18
Uri Obolski, Ohad Lewin-Epstein, Eran Even-Tov, Yoav Ram, Lilach Hadany
BACKGROUND: Natural selection favors changes that lead to genotypes possessing high fitness. A conflict arises when several mutations are required for adaptation, but each mutation is separately deleterious. The process of a population evolving from a genotype encoding for a local fitness maximum to a higher fitness genotype is termed an adaptive peak shift. RESULTS: Here we suggest cooperative behavior as a factor that can facilitate adaptive peak shifts. We model cooperation in a public goods scenario, wherein each individual contributes resources that are later equally redistributed among all cooperating individuals...
June 17, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622980/how-do-hospital-respiratory-clinicians-perceive-antimicrobial-stewardship-ams-a-qualitative-study-highlighting-barriers-to-ams-in-respiratory-medicine
#19
J Broom, A Broom, E Kirby, A F Gibson, J J Post
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal antibiotic use in respiratory infections is widespread in hospital medicine and primary care. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) teams within hospitals, commonly led by infectious diseases physicians, are frequently charged with optimizing the use of respiratory antibiotics, but there is limited information on what drives antibiotic use in this area of clinical medicine, or on how AMS is perceived. AIM: To explore the perceptions of hospital respiratory clinicians on AMS in respiratory medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622010/-are-you-in-or-are-you-out-moral-appeals-to-the-public-in-organ-donation-poster-campaigns-a-multimodal-and-ethical-analysis
#20
Solveig L Hansen, Marthe I Eisner, Larissa Pfaller, Silke Schicktanz
Organ transplantation is a well-established practice in modern medicine. However, many countries, especially those with an opt-in regulation, face the problem of low donation numbers. Respective public campaigns attempt to increase the number of donors by swaying public opinion with the use of carefully selected bits of information. Germany serves as a case study for an opt-in country investing approximately €7.5 million/year in the distribution of respective campaigns. To address diverse populations, large-scale posters in various public spaces still display a multitude of moral messages for organ donation...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
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