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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820860/not-extent-of-telecommuting-but-job-characteristics-as-proximal-predictors-of-work-related-well-being
#1
Tinne Vander Elst, Ronny Verhoogen, Maarten Sercu, Anja Van den Broeck, Elfi Baillien, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#2
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819207/long-term-consistency-in-chimpanzee-consolation-behaviour-reflects-empathetic-personalities
#3
Christine E Webb, Teresa Romero, Becca Franks, Frans B M de Waal
In contrast to a wealth of human studies, little is known about the ontogeny and consistency of empathy-related capacities in other species. Consolation-post-conflict affiliation from uninvolved bystanders to distressed others-is a suggested marker of empathetic concern in non-human animals. Using longitudinal data comprising nearly a decade of observations on over 3000 conflict interactions in 44 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), we provide evidence for relatively stable individual differences in consolation behaviour...
August 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#4
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812699/primate-brain-size-is-predicted-by-diet-but-not-sociality
#5
Alex R DeCasien, Scott A Williams, James P Higham
The social brain hypothesis posits that social complexity is the primary driver of primate cognitive complexity, and that social pressures ultimately led to the evolution of the large human brain. Although this idea has been supported by studies indicating positive relationships between relative brain and/or neocortex size and group size, reported effects of different social and mating systems are highly conflicting. Here, we use a much larger sample of primates, more recent phylogenies, and updated statistical techniques, to show that brain size is predicted by diet, rather than multiple measures of sociality, after controlling for body size and phylogeny...
March 27, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812440/old-voters-on-new-dimensions-why-do-voters-vote-for-pensioners-parties-the-case-of-the-netherlands
#6
Simon Otjes, André Krouwel
This article analyses the electoral support of the Dutch pensioners' party 50Plus. Due to its open electoral system and aging population, the Netherlands is a key case to study pensioners' parties (Hanley, 2011). Our study shows that this pensioners' party appeals to voters that are characterized by their age and their dependence on the welfare state, as well as their policy positions on new lines of political conflict. In particular their position on the new economic dimension (which concerns welfare state reform) and the new cultural dimension (which concerns immigration and EU integration) is distinct...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811098/the-governance-of-integrated-health-and-social-care-in-england-since-2010-great-expectations-not-met-once-again
#7
Mark Exworthy, Martin Powell, Jon Glasby
Integrating health and social care has long been a goal of policy-makers and practitioners. Yet, this aim has remained elusive, partly due to conflicting definitions and a weak evidence base. As part of a special edition exploring the use of the TAPIC (transparency, accountability, participation, integrity and capability) framework in different national contexts and inter-agency settings, this article examines the governance of integrated care in England since 2010, focusing on the extent to which thesefive governance attributes are applicable to integrated care in England...
August 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808682/effects-of-population-dispersal-on-regional-signaling-networks-an-example-from-northern-iroquoia
#8
John P Hart, Jennifer Birch, Christian Gates St-Pierre
The dispersal of Iroquoian groups from St. Lawrence River valley during the 15th and 16th centuries A.D. has been a source of archaeological inquiry for decades. Social network analysis presented here indicates that sites from Jefferson County, New York at the head of the St. Lawrence River controlled interactions within regional social signaling networks during the 15th century A.D. Measures indicate that Jefferson County sites were in brokerage liaison positions between sites in New York and Ontario. In the network for the subsequent century, to which no Jefferson County sites are assigned, no single group took the place of Jefferson County in controlling network flow...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#9
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805490/low-employment-and-low-willingness-of-being-reemployed-in-chinese-working-age-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Bihong Huang, Bihong Lai, Ling Xu, Ying Wang, Yanpei Cao, Ping Yan, Jing Chen
AIM: Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799324/reviewing-independent-access-to-hiv-testing-counselling-and-treatment-for-adolescents-in-hiv-specific-laws-in-sub-saharan-africa-implications-for-the-hiv-response
#11
Patrick M Eba, HyeYoung Lim
INTRODUCTION: AIDS is a leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, legal, policy and social barriers continue to restrict their access to HIV services. In recent years, access to independent HIV testing and treatment for adolescents has gained increased attention. The 2013 WHO Guidance on HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV (WHO Guidance) calls for reviewing legal and regulatory frameworks to facilitate adolescents' access to comprehensive HIV services...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793817/patient-identified-priorities-leading-to-attempted-suicide
#12
Niklaus Stulz, Urs Hepp, Dominic G Gosoniu, Leticia Grize, Flavio Muheim, Mitchell G Weiss, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify patient-identified problems and triggers typically leading to attempted suicide. METHOD: A representative sample of 66 adult patients was recruited from all clinical sites and psychiatrists who treat patients after attempted suicide in the Canton of Basel-City (Switzerland). Patients were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and interviewed with a local adaptation of the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) to study underlying problems and triggers of attempted suicide...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790936/yearning-to-give-back-searching-for-social-purpose-in-computer-science-and-engineering
#13
Coleen M Carrigan
Computing is highly segregated and stratified by gender. While there is abundant scholarship investigating this problem, emerging evidence suggests that a hierarchy of value exists between the social and technical dimensions of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) and this plays a role in the underrepresentation of women in the field. This ethnographic study of women's experiences in computing offers evidence of a systemic preference for the technical dimensions of computing over the social and a correlation between gender and social aspirations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783508/thoughts-after-marital-conflict-and-punch-biopsy-wounds-age-graded-pathways-to-healing
#14
Stephanie J Wilson, Rebecca Andridge, Juan Peng, Brittney E Bailey, William B Malarkey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Thoughts and emotions following marital conflict have received little attention but almost certainly contribute to marriage's long-term health effects. Consistent with emotion theories of aging, we expected the effects of post-conflict thoughts on important neuroendocrine and immune outcomes, cortisol levels and full-thickness wound healing, to differ by age. An age-diverse sample of married couples received a punch biopsy wound and discussed a marital problem, then privately recorded their thoughts and rated their mood...
July 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780525/medical-students-perceptions-of-professional-misconduct-relationship-with-typology-and-year-of-programme
#15
Juliana Zulkifli, Brad Noel, Deirdre Bennett, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
AIM: To examine the contribution of programme year and demographic factors to medical students' perceptions of evidence-based classification categories of professional misconduct. METHODS: Students at an Irish medical school were administered a cross-sectional survey comprising 31 vignettes of professional misconduct, which mapped onto a 12-category classification system. Students scored each item using a 5-point Likert scale, where 1 represents the least severe form of misconduct and 5 the most severe...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777259/the-detrimental-effect-of-acute-stress-on-response-inhibition-when-exposed-to-acute-stress-an-event-related-potential-analysis
#16
Caihong Jiang, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau
Response inhibition as a core cognitive function plays a critical role in our daily activities. However, response inhibition can be easily altered when exposed to acute stress. The current study investigated how and whether or not acute stress impacted response inhibition and the underlying neural mechanism with behavioral and event-related potential methods. Healthy participants were assigned randomly to a modified Trier Social Stress Test as a stressor and a control condition. Then, event-related potentials were measured when participants performed a modified Go/No-Go task...
August 2, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768322/state-dependent-cross-brain-information-flow-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Edda Bilek, Gabriela Stößel, Axel Schäfer, Laura Clement, Matthias Ruf, Lydia Robnik, Corinne Neukel, Heike Tost, Peter Kirsch, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
Importance: Although borderline personality disorder (BPD)-one of the most common, burdensome, and costly psychiatric conditions-is characterized by repeated interpersonal conflict and instable relationships, the neurobiological mechanism of social interactive deficits remains poorly understood. Objective: To apply recent advancements in the investigation of 2-person human social interaction to investigate interaction difficulties among people with BPD. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-brain information flow in BPD was examined from May 25, 2012, to December 4, 2015, in pairs of participants studied in 2 linked functional magnetic resonance imaging scanners in a university setting...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768060/factors-associated-with-shared-decision-making-among-primary-care-physicians-findings-from-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#18
Matthew Menear, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Maria Margarita Becerra Perez, Hubert Robitaille, Stéphane Turcotte, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Despite growing recognition that shared decision making (SDM) is central for patient-centred primary care, adoption by physicians remains limited in routine practice. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of physicians, patients and consultations associated with primary care physicians' SDM behaviours during routine care. METHODS: A multicentre cross-sectional survey study was conducted with 114 unique patient-physician dyads recruited from 17 primary care clinics in Quebec and Ontario, Canada...
August 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766846/managing-conflicts-between-economic-activities-and-threatened-migratory-marine-species-toward-creating-a-multiobjective-blue-economy
#19
Linda R Harris, Ronel Nel, Herman Oosthuizen, Mike Meyer, Deon Kotze, Darrell Anders, Steven McCue, Santosh Bachoo
Harnessing the economic potential of the oceans is key to combating poverty, enhancing food security, and strengthening economies. But the concomitant risk of intensified resource extraction to migratory species is worrying given that these species contribute to important ecological processes, often underpin alternatively livelihoods, and many are already threatened. We thus sought to quantify the potential conflict between key economic activities (five fisheries and hydrocarbon exploitation) and sea turtle migration corridors in a region with rapid economic development: Southern and East Africa...
August 2, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762295/a-constant-conversation-tuning-into-and-harmonizing-the-needs-and-priorities-of-the-body-and-mind
#20
Annie T Chen, Samantha J Kaplan, Rachel Carriere
PURPOSE: Individuals rely upon many types of information to manage an illness, including information provided by their own bodies. This study investigated how people tune into and manage the flow of information from their bodies to manage their health. METHOD: We developed a platform for participants to share and collaboratively reflect on how they engaged in this dialogic process, in which participants contributed to a discussion on topics relating to body listening and body awareness...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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