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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436587/coparenting-conflict-and-academic-readiness-in-children-of-teen-mothers-effortful-control-as-a-mediator
#1
Laudan B Jahromi, Katharine H Zeiders, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Sara Douglass Bayless
Children's exposure to coparenting conflict has important implications for their developmental functioning, yet limited work has focused on such processes in families with diverse structures or ethnically and culturally diverse backgrounds. This longitudinal study examined the processes by which Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' coparenting conflict with their 3-year-old children's grandmothers and biological fathers (N = 133 families) were linked to children's academic and social skills at 5 years of age, and whether children's effortful control at 4 years of age mediated the link between coparenting conflict and indices of children's academic readiness...
April 24, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436138/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-industrial-workers-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#2
Malakeh Z Malak
Assessment and evaluation of the health-related quality of life of industrial workers is an important research focus. This descriptive correlational study identifies the predictors of health-related quality of life using a random sampling of industrial workers (n = 640) from construction factories in Amman Governorate in Jordan using demographic characteristics, a health and work-related factors questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale. Results showed that industrial workers had good physical health but a poor working environment...
April 24, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#3
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431190/higher-levels-of-submissive-behaviors-at-the-onset-of-the-pairing-process-of-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-wounding-following-introduction
#4
Ori Pomerantz, Kate C Baker
Social housing of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) is considered to be the cornerstone of behavioral management programs in biomedical facilities. However, it also involves the risk of socially inflicted trauma. The ability to avoid such trauma would contribute to the animals' well-being and alleviate staff's concerns, thus paving the path for more introductions. Here, we sought to address the conflict between the need to socially house rhesus macaques and the need to bring social wounding to a minimum by identifying behaviors expressed early in social introductions, that may serve as predictors of later wounding events...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430567/how-should-clinicians-respond-to-medical-requests-from-clinician-family-members-of-patients
#5
Andrew Thurston
In the medical profession, receiving a request for medical management from a colleague is a routine experience. However, when the colleague is a family member of a patient and the desired or requested medical intervention is not medically indicated in the attending physician's view, the situation becomes more complicated. Ethical issues include respect for patient autonomy and social justice as well as nonmaleficence. Furthermore, interpersonal and professional relationships may be tested in this situation...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#6
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426909/nursing-and-pharmacy-students-use-of-emotionally-intelligent-behaviours-to-manage-challenging-interpersonal-situations-with-staff-during-clinical-placement-a-qualitative-study
#7
Andrea McCloughen, Kim Foster
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify challenging interpersonal interactions experienced by nursing and pharmacy students during clinical placement, and strategies used to manage those situations. BACKGROUND: Healthcare students and staff experience elevated stress when exposed to dynamic clinical environments, complex care, and challenging professional relationships. Emotionally intelligent behaviours are associated with appropriate recognition and management of emotions evoked by stressful experiences, and development of effective relationships...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#8
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423110/organ-donation-and-transplantation-in-mexico-a-transplantation-health-professionals%C3%A2-perspective
#9
Luis Eduardo Hernández-Ibarra, Francisco J Mercado-Martínez, Anabel Martínez-Castañeda
Objective: We aimed to explore organ donation and transplantation in Mexico from the point of view of transplantation health professionals. Materials and methods: A qualitative study was carried out. Twenty six organ transplantation health professionals from seven states of Mexico participated. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted mainly in hospital settings. Critical discourse analysis was performed. Results: According to participants, living organ transplantation offers benefits for recipients as well as for donors...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419349/genomic-signature-of-kin-selection-in-an-ant-with-obligately-sterile-workers
#10
Michael R Warner, Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer
Kin selection is thought to drive the evolution of cooperation and conflict, but the specific genes and genome-wide patterns shaped by kin selection are unknown. We identified thousands of genes associated with the sterile ant worker caste, the archetype of an altruistic phenotype shaped by kin selection, and then used population and comparative genomic approaches to study patterns of molecular evolution at these genes. Consistent with population genetic theoretical predictions, worker-upregulated genes experienced reduced selection compared to genes upregulated in reproductive castes...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409549/elo-rating-for-tracking-rank-fluctuations-after-demographic-changes-involving-semi-free-ranging-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#11
Lauren J Wooddell Stefano Sk Kaburu Stephen J Suomi And Amanda M Dettmer
Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are gregarious primates that form despotic societies characterized by frequent andintense aggression. Within long-term social groups, demographic changes may influence hierarchical stability, potentiallyresulting in conflict and violently abrupt hierarchical changes. This conflict can result in serious implications for animalwelfare, and thus, predictive tools would be invaluable to captive managers in determining social instabilities. Using themethod Elo-rating to track rank changes and dominance stability, we predicted that demographic changes to a populationof semi-free ranging rhesus macaques would result in changes in hierarchical stability...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409260/the-impact-of-teen-court-on-rural-adolescents-improved-social-relationships-psychological-functioning-and-school-experiences
#12
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, James Barbee, Katie L Cotter, Meredith Bower
Teen Court is a prevention program aimed at diverting first time juvenile offenders from the traditional juvenile justice system and reintegrating them into the community. Few studies have examined if Teen Court impacts adolescent functioning. We examined how Teen Court participation impacted psychosocial functioning, social relationships, and school experiences in a sample of 392 rural Teen Court participants relative to two comparison samples, one from the same county as Teen Court (n = 4276) and one from a neighboring county (n = 3584)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408896/the-role-of-indian-caste-identity-and-caste-inconsistent-norms-on-status-representation
#13
Sindhuja Sankaran, Maciek Sekerdej, Ulrich von Hecker
The Indian caste system is a complex social structure wherein social roles like one's profession became 'hereditary,' resulting in restricted social mobility and fixed status hierarchies. Furthermore, we argue that the inherent property of caste heightens group identification with one's caste. Highly identified group members would protect the identity of the group in situations when group norms are violated. In this paper, we were interested in examining the consequence of caste norm violation and how an individual's status is mentally represented...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408892/conceptualizing-the-dynamics-between-bicultural-identification-and-personal-social-networks
#14
Lydia Repke, Verónica Benet-Martínez
An adequate understanding of the acculturation processes affecting immigrants and their descendants involves ascertaining the dynamic interplay between the way these individuals manage their multiple (and sometimes conflictual) cultural value systems and identifications and possible changes in their social networks. To fill this gap, the present research examines how key acculturation variables (e.g., strength of ethnic/host cultural identifications, bicultural identity integration or BII) relate to the composition and structure of bicultural individuals' personal social networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407599/a-structured-participatory-method-to-support-policy-option-analysis-in-a-social-ecological-system
#15
Sara Mehryar, Richard Sliuzas, Ali Sharifi, Diana Reckien, Martin van Maarseveen
In this study we demonstrate how to support policy option analysis for a problematic Social-Ecological System (SES) with the help of stakeholder participation. SES sustainability problems 1) are highly complex, 2) may lack reliable data, 3) encompass conflicting interests and 4) may require contradictory management interventions. Our approach uses a structured participatory method combining the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) model together with Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping (FCM) to capture the complexity of the system and simplify its representation for simulation and policy option analysis...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407210/the-association-of-sleep-disturbances-with-endocrine-and-perceived-stress-reactivity-measures-in-male-employees
#16
Marta Jackowska, Reinhard Fuchs, Sandra Klaperski
Evidence on the relationship between stress reactivity and sleep is conflicting. This study examined the association between disturbed sleep and perceived and endocrine stress reactivity independently of age, body mass index (BMI), and chronic stress. One hundred and twenty middle-aged men were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale were used to assess sleep and perceived stress reactivity, respectively. Endocrine stress reactivity was examined by assessing salivary cortisol levels...
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407061/lifetime-abuse-and-perceived-social-support-among-the-elderly-a-study-from-seven-european-countries
#17
Bahareh Eslami, Mirko Di Rosa, Henrique Barros, Mindaugas Stankunas, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Maria Gabriella Melchiorre
Being a victim of abuse during one's life course may affect social relations in later life. The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the association between lifetime abuse and perceived social support and (ii) identify correlates of perceived social support among older persons living in seven European countries. A sample of 4467 women and men aged 60-84 years living in Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain and Sweden was collected through a cross-sectional population-based study. Abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed through interviews or interviews/self-response questionnaire based on the Conflict Tactics Scale-2 and the UK study on elder abuse...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404780/environmental-modification-via-a-quorum-sensing-molecule-influences-the-social-landscape-of-siderophore-production
#18
Roman Popat, Freya Harrison, Ana C da Silva, Scott A S Easton, Luke McNally, Paul Williams, Stephen P Diggle
Bacteria produce a wide variety of exoproducts that favourably modify their environment and increase their fitness. These are often termed 'public goods' because they are costly for individuals to produce and can be exploited by non-producers (cheats). The outcome of conflict over public goods is dependent upon the prevailing environment and the phenotype of the individuals in competition. Many bacterial species use quorum sensing (QS) signalling molecules to regulate the production of public goods. QS, therefore, determines the cooperative phenotype of individuals, and influences conflict over public goods...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403499/psychische-belastungsfaktoren-in-der-arbeitswelt-modelle-und-pr%C3%A3-vention
#19
Florian Junne, Monika Rieger, Martina Michaelis, Christoph Nikendei, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Eva Rothermund
Psycho-mental stressors and increased perceived stress in workplace settings may determine the onset and course of stress-related mental and psychosomatic disorders. For the description of psycho-mental stressors three distinct models have widely been used in the analyses of the matter: the Demand-Control-Model by Karasek and Theorell, the Effort-Reward-Imbalance Model by Siegrist, and the Model of Organisational Justice.The interactional or social dimension in work-place settings can be seen as a cross-sectional dimension to the above mentioned models...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402479/perception-of-social-synchrony-induces-mother-child-gamma-coupling-in-the-social-brain
#20
Jonathan Levy, Abraham Goldstein, Ruth Feldman
The recent call to move from focus on one brain's functioning to two-brain communication initiated a search for mechanisms that enable two humans to coordinate brain response during social interactions. Here, we utilized the mother-child context as a developmentally salient setting to study two-brain coupling. Mothers and their 9-year-old children were videotaped at home in positive and conflictual interactions. Positive interactions were microcoded for social synchrony and conflicts for overall dialogical style...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
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