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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934896/self-uncertainty-and-the-influence-of-alternative-goals-on-self-regulation
#1
Alysson E Light, Kimberly Rios, Kenneth G DeMarree
The current research examines factors that facilitate or undermine goal pursuit. Past research indicates that attempts to reduce self-uncertainty can result in increased goal motivation. We explore a critical boundary condition of this effect-the presence of alternative goals. Though self-regulatory processes usually keep interest in alternative goals in check, uncertainty reduction may undermine these self-regulatory efforts by (a) reducing conflict monitoring and (b) increasing valuation of alternative goals...
September 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933950/women-s-experiences-of-pornography-a-systematic-review-of-research-using-qualitative-methods
#2
Sarah Ashton, Karalyn McDonald, Maggie Kirkman
Given the proliferation of pornography in personal, relational, and social realms, it is vital to understand women's experiences of this accessible, stimulating, and versatile sexual material. We therefore conducted the first systematic review of research using qualitative methods published in English in peer-reviewed journals. Our search of five databases yielded 22 eligible articles. Thematic analysis of results revealed four broad themes: women encountering pornography, pornography and the self, pornography in the context of relationships, and making sense of pornography...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930844/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-surgical-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-analysis-from-mainland-china
#3
Juxiang Gou, Wenjie Cheng, Jianyong Lei, Qian Pan, Wei You, Ming Cai, Huairong Tang, Yali Lei, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jinqiang Zhu
Even with a favorable prognosis, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients remains unclear and conflicting. Thus, in the present study, we compared the HRQoL of PTC patients with that of the general population (GP).The study was performed in our thyroid and parathyroid surgery department, and 186 PTC patients who had undergone thyroidectomy were included. The exclusion criteria were an age < 18 years, no follow-up, and the presence of other malignant neoplasms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930614/inter-species-functional-interactome-of-nuclear-steroid-receptors-r1
#4
Styliani A Geronikolou, Athanasia Pavlopoulou, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, George Chrousos
Steroids exert their actions by binding to the glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, androgen, estrogen and progesterone classes of receptors. Despite an exponential increase in our knowledge of steroid receptors, their interactions with other molecules, subcellular location and functions still need further elucidation. To unravel the mechanism(s) of action of the steroid hormones, as well as the function of their cognate nuclear receptors, an interaction network was created (henceforth referred to as "R1 Interactome")- illustrating that robust interactions have been preserved in rodents, frog, zebra fish and drosophila...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929866/culture-and-food-practices-of-african-american-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Lisa L Sumlin, Sharon A Brown
Purpose The goals of this descriptive ethnographic study were to (1) describe the day-to-day selection, preparation, and consumption of food among African American women (AAW) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); (2) identify their typical food selections and consumption practices when dining out at restaurants and at social gatherings (ie, church functions, holidays); (3) highlight the valued behaviors and beliefs that influence these women's food practices; and (4) determine how social interactions influence those food practices...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927717/automated-dissection-of-permanent-effects-of-hippocampal-or-prefrontal-lesions-on-performance-at-spatial-working-memory-and-circadian-timing-tasks-of-c57bl-6-mice-in-intellicage
#6
Vootele Voikar, Sven Krackow, Hans-Peter Lipp, Anton Rau, Giovanni Colacicco, David P Wolfer
To evaluate permanent effects of hippocampal and prefrontal cortex lesion on spatial tasks, lesioned and sham-operated female C57BL mice were exposed to a series of conditioning schemes in IntelliCages housing 8-10 transponder-tagged mice from each treatment group. Sequential testing started at 51 to 172days after bilateral lesions and lasted for 154 and 218days in two batches of mice, respectively. Spontaneous undisturbed behavioral patterns clearly separated the three groups, hippocampals being characterized by more erratic hyperactivity, and strongly impaired circadian synchronization ability...
September 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925986/association-between-emotional-symptoms-and-job-demands-in-an-asian-electronics-factory
#7
Wei-Lieh Huang, Yue Leon Guo, Pau-Chung Chen, Jui Wang, Po-Ching Chu
Various work-related issues including mental health have been described for the electronic industry. Although East Asian countries play important roles in the electronics industry, the association between job demands and emotional symptoms has been rarely examined. The present study recruited 603 workers from either office or clean room environments in an electronics factory in Taiwan. Their personal factors, work-related factors, and emotional symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. The symptoms of depression and hostility were reported in 24...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925281/fertility-regulation-as-identity-maintenance-understanding-the-social-aspects-of-birth-control
#8
Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba
We take a dialogical approach to exploring fertility regulation practices and show how they can maintain or express social identity. We identify three themes in educated Ghanaian women's accounts of how they navigate conflicting social demands on their identity when trying to regulate fertility: secrecy and silence - hiding contraception use and avoiding talking about it; tolerating uncertainty - such as using unreliable but more socially acceptable contraception; and wanting to be fertile and protecting menses...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#9
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923060/vitamin-d-status-and-neurodevelopment-and-growth-in-young-north-indian-children-a-secondary-data-analysis
#10
Ranadip Chowdhury, Sunita Taneja, Nita Bhandari, Ingrid Kvestad, Tor A Strand, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
BACKGROUND: Vitamin-D deficiency has been linked with impaired development in animal studies; however, the evidence from human studies is scanty. Evidence as to whether vitamin-D deficiency during early childhood affects growth is also limited and conflicting. We examined the extent to which vitamin-D deficiency (<10 ng/ml) is associated with neurodevelopment and physical growth in young children. METHODS: We used data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of daily folic acid and/ or vitamin B12 supplementation for six months in children aged 6 to 30 months conducted in Delhi, India...
September 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920934/esr1-cells-in-the-ventromedial-hypothalamus-control-female-aggression
#11
Koichi Hashikawa, Yoshiko Hashikawa, Robin Tremblay, Jiaxing Zhang, James E Feng, Alexander Sabol, Walter T Piper, Hyosang Lee, Bernardo Rudy, Dayu Lin
As an essential means of resolving conflicts, aggression is expressed by both sexes but often at a higher level in males than in females. Recent studies suggest that cells in the ventrolateral part of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMHvl) that express estrogen receptor-α (Esr1) and progesterone receptor are essential for male but not female mouse aggression. In contrast, here we show that VMHvl(Esr1+) cells are indispensable for female aggression. This population was active when females attacked naturally...
September 18, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918408/effectiveness-cost-utility-and-implementation-of-a-decision-aid-for-patients-with-localised-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Hoda H M Al-Itejawi, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Peter M van de Ven, Veerle M H Coupé, André N Vis, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen, Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
INTRODUCTION: Patient decision aids (PDAs) have been developed to help patients make an informed choice for a treatment option. Despite proven benefits, structural implementation falls short of expectations. The present study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-utility of the PDA among newly diagnosed patients with localised prostate cancer and their partners, alongside implementation of the PDA in routine care. METHODS/ANALYSIS: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial will be conducted...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916433/resilience-in-families-of-children-with-autism-and-sleep-problems-using-mixed-methods
#13
Cristine A Roberts, Jennifer Hunter, An-Lin Cheng
PURPOSE: About 80% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have sleep problems that may disrupt optimal family functioning. We explored the impact of sleep problems on families' resilience. DESIGN AND METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was used to discern whether resilience differed between families whose children with ASD have or do not have sleep problems, to seek predictors for family hardiness/resilience, and to determine whether narrative findings support, expand, or conflict quantitative findings...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#14
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913886/what-s-parenting-got-to-do-with-it-emotional-autonomy-and-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-emotional-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Hilary A Marusak, Moriah E Thomason, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura Crespo, Christine A Rabinak
Healthy parenting may be protective against the development of emotional psychopathology, particularly for children reared in stressful environments. Little is known, however, about the brain and behavioral mechanisms underlying this association, particularly during childhood and adolescence, when emotional disorders frequently emerge. Here, we demonstrate that psychological control, a parenting strategy known to limit socioemotional development in children, is associated with altered brain and behavioral responses to emotional conflict in 27 at-risk (urban, lower income) youth, ages 9-16...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913717/after-deployment-adaptive-parenting-tools-1-year-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-for-military-families-following-deployment
#16
Abigail H Gewirtz, David S DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir
Despite significant stressors facing military families over the past 15 years of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, no parenting programs adapted or developed for military families with school-aged children have been rigorously tested. We present outcome data from the first randomized controlled trial of a behavioral parent training program for families with a parent deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. In the present study, 336 primarily National Guard and Reserve families with 4-12-year-old children were recruited from a Midwestern state...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913663/effects-of-a-program-to-promote-high-quality-parenting-by-divorced-and-separated-fathers
#17
Irwin Sandler, Heather Gunn, Gina Mazza, Jenn-Yun Tein, Sharlene Wolchik, Cady Berkel, Sarah Jones, Michele Porter
This paper reports on the effects on parenting and on children's mental health problems and competencies from a randomized trial of a parenting program for divorced and separated fathers. The program, New Beginnings Program-Dads (NBP-Dads), includes ten group sessions (plus two phone sessions) which promote parenting skills to increase positive interactions with children, improve father-child communication, use of effective discipline strategies, and skills to protect children from exposure to interparental conflict...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910132/modified-african-ngoma-healing-ceremony-for-stress-reduction-a-pilot-study
#18
Ava LaVonne Vinesett, Riitta Rutanen Whaley, Cheryl Woods-Giscombe, Paul Dennis, Medina Johnson, Yin Li, Pline Mounzeo, Mabiba Baegne, Kenneth H Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Indigenous people's ceremonies using rhythm and dance have been used for countless generations throughout the world for healing, conflict resolution, social bonding, and spiritual experience. A previous study reported that a ceremony based on the Central African ngoma tradition was favorably received by a group of Americans. The present trial compared the effects of the modified ngoma ceremony (Ngoma) with those of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a randomized pilot study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901600/ethical-issues-raised-by-thyroid-cancer-overdiagnosis-a-matter-for-public-health
#19
Wendy A Rogers, Wendy L Craig, Vikki A Entwistle
Current practices of identifying and treating small indolent thyroid cancers constitute an important but in some ways unusual form of overdiagnosis. Overdiagnosis refers to diagnoses that generally harm rather than benefit patients, primarily because the diagnosed condition is not a harmful form of disease. Patients who are overdiagnosed with thyroid cancer are harmed by the psycho-social impact of a cancer diagnosis, as well as treatment interventions such partial or total thyroidectomy, lifelong thyroid replacement hormone, monitoring, surgical complications and other side effects...
October 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901239/ethical-issues-in-action-oriented-research-in-indonesia
#20
Rini Rachmawaty
BACKGROUND: Action-oriented research is one of the most frequent research types implemented to transform community health in Indonesia. Three researchers and 11 graduate students from a developed country in East Asia conducted a fieldwork program in a remote area in South Sulawesi Province. Although the project was completed, whether or not the international standards for human subject research were applied into that study remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine ethical issues raised from that case, analyze constraints to the problems, and recommend alternatives to protect vulnerable populations from being exploited by local/international researchers...
September 2017: Nursing Ethics
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