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Gulden Dogan, Nazan Kara, Eyup Bagci, Seher Gur
The chemical composition of the essential oils from the leaves and fruit of Eucalyptus camaldulensis grown in Mersin, Turkey was analyzed using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. The biological activities (antibacterial and antifungal) were examined using the agar well diffusion method. The main leaf oil constituents were p-cymene (42.1%), eucalyptol (1,8-cineole) (14.1%), α-pinene (12.7%) and α-terpinol (10.7%). The main constituents of the fruit oil were eucalyptol (1,8-cineole) (34...
June 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Divya Ganesan, Eman Al-Sayed, Abhishek Albert, Eldho Paul, Abdel Nasser B Singab, Selvam Govindan Sadasivam, Luciano Saso
Phytochemicals serve as potential therapeutic agents for the prevention and treatment of diseases. In this study, we elucidate the renoprotective activity of compounds isolated from Eucalyptus globulus and Melaleuca styphelioides extracts in glucose- and oxalate-challenged NRK-49F cell model. The antioxidant potential of isolated compounds was evaluated based on their effect on antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation levels. The results demonstrated that exposure of NRK-49F cells to glucose and oxalate stress augmented cell damage and attenuated antioxidant enzyme activities...
June 21, 2017: Natural Product Research
Marc Clement Bouwer, Bernard Slippers, Michael John Wingfield, Jeremy Dean Allison, Egmont Richard Rohwer
The Coryphodema tristis (Drury) is an important pest of Eucalyptus nitens (Deane and Maiden) plantations in South Africa. The gregarious larvae of this pest cause damage by feeding on the tree sapwood, and adults emerge in spring each year. The aim of this study was to optimize pheromone traps for operational use in management programs. This was achieved by investigating different pheromone blend combinations and trap types for efficacy under field conditions. Our results confirm that the cross vane bucket funnel trap baited with a 95:2...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Eduardo da Siva Fonseca, Raquel Silva Peixoto, Alexandre Soares Rosado, Fabiano de Carvalho Balieiro, James M Tiedje, Caio Tavora Coelho da Costa Rachid
Eucalyptus plantations offer a cost-effective and renewable source of raw material. There is substantial interest in improving forestry production, especially through sustainable strategies such as the use of plant growth-promoting bacteria. However, little is known about Eucalyptus microbiology. In this study, the endophytic bacterial community was assessed in Eucalyptus urograndis roots using culture-dependent and culture-independent techniques with plants grown under different conditions. Three phyla accounted for approximately 95% of the community, with Actinobacteria corresponding to approximately 59%...
June 21, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Raphael Ployet, Marçal Soler, Victor Carocha, Nathalie Ladouce, Ana Alves, José-Carlos Rodrigues, Luc Harvengt, Christiane Marque, Chantal Teulières, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati, Fabien Mounet
Although eucalypts are the most planted hardwood trees worldwide, the majority of them are frost sensitive. The recent creation of frost-tolerant hybrids such as Eucalyptus gundal plants (E. gunnii × E. dalrympleana hybrids), now enables the development of industrial plantations in northern countries. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of cold on the wood structure and composition of these hybrids, and on the biosynthetic and regulatory processes controlling their secondary cell-wall (SCW) formation...
June 13, 2017: Tree Physiology
André M Senna, Vagner R Botaro
To study the behavior of a biodegradable hydrogel derived from cellulose acetate and ethylenediaminetetraacetic dianhydride (EDTAD), as a reduction substrate of NPK fertilizer in soil. The biodegradable hydrogel (HEDTA) was prepared from cellulose acetate (CA) with a degree substitution (DS) 2.5 by esterification crosslinking with EDTAD catalyzed by triethylamine. We systematically investigated the performance of the HEDTA in the reducing NPK (Ammonium, phosphate and potassium) fertilizer leaching. We also compare the percentage of leaching between the HEDTA and commercial fertilizers...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Muhammad Ayaz, Abdul Sadiq, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Fazal Subhan, Jawad Ahmed
The use of essential oils (EOs) and their components is known since long in traditional medicine and aromatherapy for the management of various diseases, and is further increased in the recent times. The neuroprotective and anti-aging potentials of EOs and their possible mechanism of actions were evaluated by numerous researchers around the globe. Several clinically important EOs and their components from Nigella sativa, Acorus gramineus, Lavandula angustifolia, Eucalyptus globulus, Mentha piperita, Rosmarinus officinalis, Jasminum sambac, Piper nigrum and so many other plants are reported for neuroprotective effects...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Steven G Hussey, Mattheus T Loots, Karen van der Merwe, Eshchar Mizrachi, Alexander A Myburg
Despite the considerable contribution of xylem development (xylogenesis) to plant biomass accumulation, its epigenetic regulation is poorly understood. Furthermore, the relative contributions of histone modifications to transcriptional regulation is not well studied in plants. We investigated the biological relevance of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in secondary xylem development using ChIP-seq and their association with transcript levels among other histone modifications in woody and herbaceous models. In developing secondary xylem of the woody model Eucalyptus grandis, H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 genomic spans were distinctly associated with xylogenesis-related processes, with (late) lignification pathways enriched for putative bivalent domains, but not early secondary cell wall polysaccharide deposition...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Susan Rutherford, Stephen P Bonser, Peter G Wilson, Maurizio Rossetto
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Phenotypic plasticity is an important means through which organisms cope with environmental variability. We investigated seedling plasticity in the green ash eucalypts within a phylogenetic framework to examine the relationship between plasticity and evolutionary history. The green ashes are a diverse group, which include the tallest flowering plant in the world (Eucalyptus regnans) and a rare mallee less than 1 m tall (E. cunninghamii). METHODS: Seedlings of 12 species were exposed to high and low nutrient and water availability in a factorial experiment...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Botany
Penelope J Mills, Penny J Gullan, Lyn G Cook
Apiomorpha Rübsaamen, 1894 was erected as a replacement name for Brachyscelis Schrader, 1863 that was preoccupied in the Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae: Brachyscelis Germar, 1834). Apiomorpha is a genus of eriococcid scale insects that induce galls on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) in Australia and New Guinea (Szent-Ivany & Womersley 1962; Gullan 1984; Gullan et al. 2005). In his original description of the genus, Schrader (1863a) included six species, of which B. citricola Schrader was subsequently recognised as a nomen nudum (Froggatt 1921)...
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
Stephanie Barneche, Silvana Alborés, Graciela Borthagaray, María Pía Cerdeiras, Alvaro Vázquez
Despite the great advances in chemotherapeutics, infectious diseases are still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Among some of the clinically relevant pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ranks as one of the most difficult bacteria to treat. It is a common cause of skin, soft-tissue, and endovascular infections, as well as pneumonia, septic arthritis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis. The research on Basidiomycota is extensive; many species show a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, including antimicrobial activity...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Zehra Gok Metin, Ayse Arikan Donmez, Nur Izgu, Leyla Ozdemir, Ismail Emre Arslan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of aromatherapy massage on neuropathic pain severity and quality of life (QoL) in patients suffering from painful diabetic neuropathy. DESIGN AND METHODS: This open-label randomized controlled clinical study was conducted in a university hospital endocrine outpatient clinic in Turkey. The study sample consisted of 46 patients, randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 21) and a control group (n = 25). The intervention group received aromatherapy massage three times per week for a period of 4 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Bayram Poyraz, Ayhan Tozluoğlu, Zeki Candan, Ahmet Demir, Mustafa Yavuz
This study reports on the effects of organic polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and inorganic silica polymer on properties of Celluclast-treated nanofibrillated cellulose composites. Nanofibrillated cellulose was isolated from Eucalyptus camaldulensis and prior to high-pressure homogenizing was pretreated with Celluclast enzyme in order to lower energy consumption. Three nanocomposite films were fabricated via the casting process: nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF), nanocellulose-PVA (CNF-P) and nanocellulose-silica (CNF-Si)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Juliana Aparecida Galhardi, Rafael García-Tenorio, Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Inmaculada Díaz Francés, João Gabriel Motta
Mining activities can increase the mobility of metals by accelerating the dissolution and leaching of minerals from the rocks and tailing piles to the environment and, consequently, their availability for plants and subsequent transfer to the food chain. The weathering of minerals and the disposal of coal waste in tailing piles can accelerate the generation of acid mine drainage (AMD), which is responsible for the higher dissolution of metals in mining areas. In this context, the behavior of U, Th and K in soils and sediment, and the transfer factor (TF) of (238)U, (234)U and (210)Po for soybean, wheat, pine and eucalyptus cultivated around a coal mine in southern Brazil was evaluated...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Carlos Alberto Silva, Andrew Thomas Hudak, Carine Klauberg, Lee Alexandre Vierling, Carlos Gonzalez-Benecke, Samuel de Padua Chaves Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Estraviz Rodriguez, Adrián Cardil
BACKGROUND: LiDAR remote sensing is a rapidly evolving technology for quantifying a variety of forest attributes, including aboveground carbon (AGC). Pulse density influences the acquisition cost of LiDAR, and grid cell size influences AGC prediction using plot-based methods; however, little work has evaluated the effects of LiDAR pulse density and cell size for predicting and mapping AGC in fast-growing Eucalyptus forest plantations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of LiDAR pulse density and grid cell size on AGC prediction accuracy at plot and stand-levels using airborne LiDAR and field data...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
D Farhadi, A Karimi, G Sadeghi, A Sheikhahmadi, M Habibian, A Raei, K Sobhani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of eucalyptus leaf powder (ELP) and eucalyptus essential oil (EEO) on growth performance and immune response of broiler chickens. A total of 160 broiler chicks were assigned randomly into five dietary treatments from 7-42 days of age. Dietary treatments included: a control diet, control diets plus 1,000 or 3,000 mg/kg of ELP, and control diets plus 250 or 500 mg/kg of EEO. Dietary inclusion of ELP decreased body weight gain (BWG) during 7-28 days of age. Broilers fed diet containing 3,000 mg/kg of ELP had lower feed intake (FI) during 7-28 days compared to the other treatments...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
Aidan A G Hall, Martin J Steinbauer, Gary S Taylor, Scott N Johnson, James M Cook, Markus Riegler
BACKGROUND: Parasitoids are hyperdiverse and can contain morphologically and functionally cryptic species, making them challenging to study. Parasitoid speciation can arise from specialisation on niches or diverging hosts. However, which process dominates is unclear because cospeciation across multiple parasitoid and host species has rarely been tested. Host specificity and trophic interactions of the parasitoids of psyllids (Hemiptera) remain mostly unknown, but these factors are fundamentally important for understanding of species diversity, and have important applied implications for biological control...
June 6, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Rui-Huan Liu, Zhi-Chun Shang, Tian-Xiao Li, Ming-Hua Yang, Ling-Yi Kong
Formyl-phloroglucinol meroterpenoids (FPMs) are an important type of natural products with various bioactivities. Our antifungal susceptibility assay showed that one of the Eucalyptus robusta derived FPMs-Eucarobustol E (EE) exerted strong inhibitory effect against Candida albicans biofilms at a concentration of 16 μg/ml. EE was found to block the yeast-to-hypha transition and reduce the cellular surface hydrophobicity of the biofilm cells. RNA sequencing and real time reverse-transcription PCR analysis showed that exposure to 16 μg/ml of EE resulted in marked reduction of expressions of genes involved in hyphal growth (EFG1, CPH1, TEC1, EED1, UME6, and HGC1) and cell surface proteins (ALS3, HWP1, and SAP5)...
June 5, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Bharat Choudhary, Debajyoti Paul, Abhas Singh, Tarun Gupta
Chromium pollution of soil and water is a serious environmental concern due to potential carcinogenicity of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] when ingested. Eucalyptus bark biochar (EBB), a carbonaceous black porous material obtained by pyrolysis of biomass at 500 °C under oxygen-free atmosphere, was used to investigate the removal of aqueous Cr(VI) upon interaction with the EBB, the dominant Cr(VI) removal mechanism(s), and the applicability to treat Cr(VI)-contaminated wastewater. Batch experiments showed complete removal of aqueous Cr(VI) at pH 1-2; sorption was negligible at pH 1, but ~55% of total Cr was sorbed onto the EBB surface at pH 2...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
T K R Dias, E M Pires, A P Souza, A A Tanaka, E B Monteiro, C F Wilcken
Costalimaita ferruginea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) attacks Eucalyptus plants causing severe damage through netting of the leaves. Recently, this Coleoptera has been reported attacking Myrtaceae in Mato Grosso State and, studies about the occurrence of this beetle in commercial plantations of eucalypts has been the subject of researchers through monitoring programmes in the forest protection area. With the beginning of the rainy season, adults were observed causing damage in eucalypt plantations in four cities that are part of the transition region of Amazon and Cerrado Biomes...
May 25, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
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