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comorbidities in cerebral palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#1
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
November 10, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744459/dental-health-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715489/problematic-clinical-features-of-children-and-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-who-use-electric-powered-indoor-outdoor-wheelchairs-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andrew O Frank, Lorraine H De Souza
This article aims to describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair (EPIOC) users with cerebral palsy (CP) that are problematic to optimal prescription and to explore comorbidities, features of CP, and conditions secondary to disability impacting on equipment provision for children and adults. The method is a cross-sectional study of EPIOC users (n = 102) with a primary diagnosis of CP. This is a retrospective review of electronic and case note records of EPIOC recipients attending a specialist wheelchair service in 2007-2008...
October 7, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703369/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-improving-long-term-care
#4
Antonio Trabacca, Teresa Vespino, Antonella Di Liddo, Luigi Russo
Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most frequent causes of child disability in developed countries. Children with CP need lifelong assistance and care. The current prevalence of CP in industrialized countries ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 per 1,000 live births, with one new case every 500 live births. Children with CP have an almost normal life expectancy and mortality is very low. Despite the low mortality rate, 5%-10% of them die during childhood, especially when the severe motor disability is comorbid with epilepsy and severe intellectual disability...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697313/treatment-of-neurogenetic-developmental-conditions-from-2016-into-the-future
#5
REVIEW
Clara D M van Karnebeek, Kristin Bowden, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis
BACKGROUND: Neurogenetic developmental conditions represent a heterogeneous group of rare inherited disorders with neurological manifestation during development. Treatments for these conditions have largely been supportive; however, a number of treatments are emerging which target the underlying physiology and offer great potential. Our aim was to present a state-of-the-art overview of the current and potential causal treatments available or under development for neurogenetic developmental conditions...
December 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501478/perioperative-complications-and-outcomes-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-undergoing-scoliosis-surgery
#6
Anju A Bendon, Khristine A George, Davandra Patel
INTRODUCTION: Neuromuscular scoliosis is a known risk factor for postoperative complications after corrective spine surgery. Few studies have looked at the preoperative factors affecting postoperative complications in children with cerebral palsy. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the factors that might influence postoperative course in patients with cerebral palsy undergoing spine surgery for scoliosis. METHODS: Nineteen case notes of children with cerebral palsy who had spine surgery (2008-2014) were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443356/neurodevelopmental-disorders-or-early-death-in-siblings-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Mette C Tollånes, Allen J Wilcox, Camilla Stoltenberg, Rolv T Lie, Dag Moster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the presence of shared underlying causes of cerebral palsy (CP) and other neurodevelopmental disorders, by examining risks of other disorders in siblings of children with CP. METHODS: We used Norwegian national registries to identify 1.4 million pairs of full siblings (singletons) and 28 000 sets of twins born from 1967 to 2006, identify stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and find individuals with CP, epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, blindness, deafness, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411973/multimodality-assessment-of-upper-airway-obstruction-in-children-with-persistent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillectomy
#8
Christopher Clark, Seckin O Ulualp
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have multiple sites of upper airway obstruction (UAO). A wide variety of techniques has been used to evaluate UAO. Our aim was to compare findings of cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in identifying UAO sites in children with persistent OSA after adenotonsillectomy (AT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent DISE and cine MRI were reviewed...
July 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366523/retrospective-evaluation-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia
#9
Ahmet Selim Özkan, Mehmet Ali Erdoğan, Mukadder Şanlı, Osman Kaçmaz, Mahmut Durmuş, Cemil Çolak
OBJECTIVE: Most dental procedures can be performed with local anaesthesia, however noncompliant paediatric patients, patients with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders, severe anxiety, severe craniofacial anomalies and orofacial trauma may need general anaesthesia. In these patients accompanying central nervous system diseases and airway problems increase the risk of complications. Anaesthesia records of 467 cases of dental surgery performed under general anaesthesia between 2011-2014 is reported with information from the recent literature...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318612/teaching-phonics-to-groups-of-middle-school-students-with-autism-intellectual-disabilities-and-complex-communication-needs
#10
Melissa K Ainsworth, Anya S Evmenova, Michael Behrmann, Marci Jerome
For students who have severe and multiple disabilities including intellectual disability, complex communication needs, physical and/or sensory disabilities, and autism, there are many barriers to literacy acquisition. The purpose of this study was to teach letter-sound correspondence to small groups of students with significant intellectual disabilities and comorbid communication disorders using the ALL (Accessible Literacy Learning) curriculum. The eight participants in this study, who ranged in age from 11 to 16 years of age and had primary diagnoses of cerebral palsy, autism, Rett syndrome, Down syndrome, and intellectual disability, were placed into four groups for instruction in phonics...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280901/blood-transfusion-incidence-risk-factors-and-associated-complications-in-surgical-treatment-of-hip-dysplasia
#11
Brandon A Sherrod, Dustin K Baker, Shawn R Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding requiring blood transfusion is a known complication of hip dysplasia (HD) surgery. Here we examine rates of, risk factors for, and postoperative complications associated with transfusion during HD surgery. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Pediatric database was queried for patients treated by an orthopaedist from 2012 to 2013. HD cases were categorized by Current Procedural Terminology codes into femoral osteotomies, acetabular osteotomies, combined femoral/acetabular osteotomies, and open reductions...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250697/pain-and-hospital-admissions-are-important-factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-nonambulatory-children
#12
Agnes Elema, Trees A L Zalmstra, Anne M Boonstra, Unni G Narayanan, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Annette A J V D Putten
AIM: This was the first study to investigate the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in nonambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP), based on a HRQoL measure specifically developed for this population. METHODS: The Dutch version of the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD-DV) was used to measure HRQoL. It was completed by 66 parents of 47 boys and 19 girls with nonambulatory CP aged between five and 18 years with gross motor function classification system (GMFCS) levels of IV and V...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114652/caregiver-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-their-families-and-its-association-with-gross-motor-function-a-south-indian-study
#13
S Surender, Vykuntaraju K Gowda, K S Sanjay, G V Basavaraja, Naveen Benakappa, Asha Benakappa
INTRODUCTION: In children, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) includes parental impact and family functioning along with concepts of illness, functional status, mental health, and comfort. We are focusing on the impact of cerebral palsy (CP) on children's HRQOL and their families, and its relationship with gross motor dysfunction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: CP children aged 3-10 years under regular neurology follow-up were enrolled. The HRQOL and motor severity were prospectively assessed using lifestyle assessment questionnaire-CP and gross motor function classification systems, respectively...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114082/pediatric-cerebral-palsy-in-botswana-etiology-outcomes-and%C3%A2-comorbidities
#14
David R Bearden, Baphaleng Monokwane, Esha Khurana, James Baier, Esther Baranov, Kate Westmoreland, Loeto Mazhani, Andrew P Steenhoff
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of motor dysfunction in children worldwide and is often accompanied by multiple comorbidities. Although cerebral palsy has been studied extensively in high-resource settings, there are few published studies on cerebral palsy etiology, outcomes and comorbidities in low-resource settings. METHODS: Children with cerebral palsy were prospectively enrolled from inpatient and outpatient settings at a referral center in Gaborone, Botswana, in a cross-sectional study conducted from 2013 to 2014...
June 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991829/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-epilepsy
#15
John Garcia, Beverly Wical, William Wical, Leah Schaffer, Thomas Wical, Heather Wendorf, Samuel Roiko
AIM: To examine the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and/or epilepsy. METHOD: This cross-sectional study employs the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and chart review to identify symptoms of OSA in children presenting to a multi-specialty pediatric healthcare institution. RESULTS: Two-hundred and fifteen patients were grouped into those with epilepsy (n=54), CP (n=18), both (n=55), and neither (comparison group, n=88)...
October 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929016/changing-patterns-in-paediatric-optic-atrophy-aetiology-1979-to-2015
#16
Linda Zheng, Helen Do, Trent Sandercoe, Robyn Jamieson, John Grigg
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the aetiology of paediatric optic atrophy in an Australian population. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records was conducted at The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 227 subjects <16 years who were diagnosed with optic atrophy on fundoscopic examination between 1979-2015 were included in the study. METHODS: Subjects were obtained from the hospital database, which codes diagnoses for all admissions, as well as the orthoptic department database, which codes diagnoses for ophthalmology department outpatients...
March 1, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884369/tracheostomy-complications-in-institutionalized-children-with-long-term-tracheostomy-and-ventilator-dependence
#17
Lyndy J Wilcox, Brittany C Weber, Tina D Cunningham, Cristina M Baldassari
OBJECTIVES: (1) To identify tracheostomy complications in institutionalized children with chronic tracheostomy. (2) To determine factors that predispose to development of tracheostomy complications in institutionalized children with chronic tracheostomy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review over 10 years. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children were included if they underwent tracheostomy before 21 years of age and resided at a pediatric nursing facility...
April 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883134/association-between-chronic-aspiration-and-chronic-airway-infection-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-other-gram-negative-bacteria-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Christopher A Gerdung, Adrian Tsang, Abdool S Yasseen, Kathleen Armstrong, Hugh J McMillan, Thomas Kovesi
PURPOSE: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are at an increased risk for aspiration, and subsequent pneumonia or pneumonitis. Pneumonia is a common cause of hospital admission, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death in patients with CP, and may disproportionately contribute to mortality. The role of respiratory microflora is unknown. This study examined the relationship between respiratory infections with Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), particularly Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the frequency/severity of pneumonia hospitalization...
April 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874066/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-integrative-review
#19
Ana Luíza P A Lélis, Maria Vera L M Cardoso, Wendy A Hall
Sleep disorders are more prevalent in children with cerebral palsy. The review aimed to identify and synthesize information about the nature of sleep disorders and their related factors in children with cerebral palsy. We performed an electronic search by using the search terms sleep/child*, and sleep/cerebral palsy in the following databases: Latin American literature on health sciences, SCOPUS, medical publications, cumulative index to nursing and allied health literature, psycinfo, worldcat, web of science, and the Cochrane library...
December 11, 2015: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555029/cerebral-palsy-after-neonatal-encephalopathy-do-neonates-with-suspected-asphyxia-have-worse-outcomes
#20
Jarred Garfinkle, Pia Wintermark, Michael I Shevell, Maryam Oskoui
AIM: We sought to investigate how brain injury and severity, and neurological subtype of cerebral palsy (CP) differed in term-born children with CP after neonatal encephalopathy, between those with suspected birth asphyxia and those without. METHOD: Using the Canadian CP Registry, which included 1001 children, those with CP born at ≥ 36 wks after moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy, were dichotomized according to the presence or absence of suspected birth asphyxia...
February 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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