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eye problems ,cerebral palsy

Alexander R Payne, Beryl Plimmer, Andrew McDaid, T Claire Davies
The effects of cerebral palsy on movement planning for simple reaching tasks are not well understood. Movement planning is complex and entails many processes which could be affected. This study specifically sought to evaluate integrating task information, decoupling movements, and adjusting to altered mapping. For a reaching task, the asynchrony between the eye onset and the hand onset was measured across different movement planning conditions for participants with and without cerebral palsy. Previous research shows people without cerebral palsy vary this temporal coordination for different planning conditions...
May 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
S N Barbaeva, T V Kulishova
We have studied stabilographic characteristics and their dynamics in the healthy children (n=30) and the patients suffering from juvenile cerebral palsy (JCP) in the form of spastic diplegia (n=99) after they had undergone the combined rehabilitation treatment with the use of various methods of electrical stimulation. The mean age of the children was 7.0±1.7 years. The patients with JCP included in the main group (n=45) received therapy with the application of electrical stimulation based on the AKorD apparatus while the patients with JCP comprising the group of comparison were treated with the use of the Mioritm 040 apparatus...
March 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Manuela Galli, Felipe Fregni, Cláudia Santos Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy refers to permanent, mutable motor development disorders stemming from a primary brain lesion, causing secondary musculoskeletal problems and limitations in activities of daily living. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of gait training combined with transcranial direct-current stimulation over the primary motor cortex on balance and functional performance in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled study was carried out with 24 children aged five to 12 years with cerebral palsy randomly allocated to two intervention groups (blocks of six and stratified based on GMFCS level (levels I-II or level III)...
2014: PloS One
Gerd E Holmström, Karin Källen, Ann Hellström, Peter G Jakobsson, Fredrik Serenius, Karin Stjernqvist, Kristina Tornqvist
IMPORTANCE: Follow-up at 30 months' corrected age reveals eye and visual problems in one-third of children born extremely prematurely (<27 weeks' gestation). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ophthalmologic outcome of extremely preterm children at 30 months' corrected age. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective, population-based follow-up study (Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study [EXPRESS]) was conducted in Sweden. The population included extremely preterm infants (<27 weeks' gestation) born in Sweden between 2004 and 2007, of whom 491 survived until age 2...
February 2014: JAMA Ophthalmology
Tony Pansell, Kerstin Hellgren, Lena Jacobson, Rune Brautaset, Kristina Tedroff
AIM: Accommodation is the ability of the eye to change focus in order to maintain a sharp image of objects at various distances. The accommodative process is largely unknown in children and requires new assessment techniques. The aim of the study was to investigate this process in children with and without cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: In a descriptive case-control study, children with CP (n=15; nine females, six males; median age 14y) and 21 typically developing children (11 females, 10 males; median age 12y) underwent standard ophthalmological examination and examination by the PowerRefractor...
February 2014: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Diane L Damiano, Jason R Wingert, Christopher J Stanley, Lindsey Curatalo
BACKGROUND: Balance problems are common in cerebral palsy (CP) but etiology is often uncertain. The classic Romberg test compares ability to maintain standing with eyes open versus closed. Marked instability without vision is a positive test and generally indicates proprioceptive loss. From previous work showing diminished hip joint proprioception in CP, we hypothesized that static and dynamic balance without vision (positive Romberg) would be compromised in CP. METHODS: Force plate sway and gait velocity data were collected using 3D motion capture on 52 participants, 19 with diplegic CP, 13 with hemiplegic CP, and 20 without disability...
2013: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Christopher Lyons
Esotropia is the most common form of strabismus seen in clinic. Accommodation is known to be an important precipitating factor, and its management is usually not complex. In this paper, I have reviewed a dozen circumstances in which the presentation was complicated. For some patients, the cause of fleeting symptoms was elusive and had to be determined through careful sensory and motor testing. In others, the presentation was indicative of serious underlying pathology that warranted further investigation. Lastly, restrictive conditions may be erroneously thought to be neurological, and some of these are also discussed...
2012: American Orthoptic Journal
Martin Lemay, Thanh-Thuan Lê, Céline Lamarre
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sustained attention in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). CP affects motor control as well as certain cognitive processes such as attention, but its influence on the latter remains largely unexplored. METHODS: Manual (Experiment 1) and oculomotor (Experiment 2) versions of the Continuous Performance Test were performed by adolescents with spastic CP and healthy age-matched controls (n = 10 per group in each experiment). RESULTS: In both experiments, patients with CP showed more omissions and their reaction time was more variable than controls...
2012: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Nirmal Kumar Sasmal, Prasenjit Maiti, Radhakrishna Mandal, Debabrata Das, Subhra Sarkar, Piyali Sarkar, Mukul Chandra Biswas, Asim Kumar Dey, Sanjay Chatterjee
To evaluate the prevalence of ocular abnormalities among children with cerebral palsy, 140 patients with age between 6 months and 16 years were selected and the overall incidence of ocular abnormalities in this study was 42.1%. Two major ocular abnormalities identified in these cases were strabismus in 36.4%. Myopia was detected in 12.9% children while hypermetropia in 8.6% and astigmatism in 3.6% cases. Non-glaucomatous optic atrophy was present in 10.7% cases and nystagmus in 9.3% cases. Raised intra-ocular pressure was detected in 2...
May 2011: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Parikshit Gogate, Freya Rao Soneji, Jitesh Kharat, Hemant Dulera, Madan Deshpande, Clare Gilbert
AIM: The aim was to study and treat ocular disorders in children with learning disabilities (cLDs) and explore associations with their perinatal history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: cLDs attending 11 special schools were examined by a team consisting of an ophthalmologist, optometrist, and a social worker in 2007 and followed up in 2008. The students' intelligence quotient (IQ) and their medical histories were noted. Distant visual acuities were measured using Kay pictures or Snellen's tumbling E chart and complete ocular examination was performed...
May 2011: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Sashank Prasad, Steven L Galetta
Patients with multiple sclerosis commonly describe visual symptoms that result from several eye movement abnormalities that occur from disruption of critical pathways in the brainstem, cerebellum, and cerebral hemispheres. These abnormalities include internuclear ophthalmoplegia, ocular motor palsy, ocular misalignment, pathologic nystagmus, impaired saccades, saccadic intrusions, and impaired pursuit. Detailed knowledge of these problems and their neuroanatomic localization will aid the physician by guiding diagnosis and therapeutic decision making...
August 2010: Neurologic Clinics
Martin T Stein, David Gottsegen, Peter A Blasco, Mark Wolraich, Michael J Hennessy
Jonny is a 13 year old boy with spastic quadriparesis and severe mental retardation following Haemophilus influenza type B (HIB) meningitis at 2-months of age. Signs of meningitis started on the evening of his 2-month immunizations that included the HIB vaccine. He presented to his pediatrician with left hip pain that occurred intermittently for a few years and more frequently in the past six months. His parents initially attributed the pain to whizzing around the back yard in a motorized wheelchair. An earlier evaluation of hip pain led to bilateral femoral osteotomies for hip dysplasia...
April 2010: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
T Senterre, Ph Beauduin, J M Dubru, J Rigo
Prematurity remains a public health problem with a considerable psychosocial impact. Premature infants are discharged home more fragile and more precociously than infants born at term. Post-discharge nutrition and growth of the preterm infants should be carefully followed because of specific needs of these infants. Infections and cardiorespiratory abnormalities are more frequent in ex-premature infants. Some cerebral lesions may be shown by brain imaging suggesting future sequelae. However, estimation of their real consequences remains imperfect and long term prognosis contains many uncertainties...
April 2008: Revue Médicale de Liège
Mary C Phelan
The deletion 22q13.3 syndrome (deletion 22q13 syndrome or Phelan-McDermid syndrome) is a chromosome microdeletion syndrome characterized by neonatal hypotonia, global developmental delay, normal to accelerated growth, absent to severely delayed speech, and minor dysmorphic features. The deletion occurs with equal frequency in males and females and has been reported in mosaic and non-mosaic forms. Due to lack of clinical recognition and often insufficient laboratory testing, the syndrome is under-diagnosed and its true incidence remains unknown...
2008: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
I A Lagunju, T S Oluleye
This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of ocular abnormalities, as well as describe the various eye defects seen among cases of cerebral palsy presenting at the Paediatric Neurology Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. All cases of cerebral palsy seen at the Paediatric Neurology Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan, over a period of 18 months were carefully evaluated by the Paediatric Neurologist for signs of ocular abnormalities. Those in whom such abnormalities were found were referred to the Consultant Ophthalmologist for detailed eye examination and accurate description of the ocular abnormalities...
March 2007: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
David Newsham, Paul C Knox, Richard W I Cooke
PURPOSE: Preterm infants are at increased risk of a variety of cerebral lesions, involving the white matter, cortex, cerebellum, thalamus, and caudate nucleus, many of which could compromise the control of eye movement. Visual problems and disorders of binocularity and alignment have been reported, but little if any quantitative assessment of oculomotor control has been undertaken. The purpose of this study was to extend the initial pilot study and quantitatively examine the control of saccades, smooth pursuit, and antisaccades in children who were born very prematurely...
June 2007: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Peter O D Pharoah
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesised that cerebral palsy (CP) and other congenital anomalies are attributable to feto-fetal transfusion problems in a monochorionic multiple gestation. Thus more than one organ could be compromised leading to the coexistence of two or more anomalies in a fetus. Such anomalies in a singleton birth may be attributable to early demise of the co-conceptus as a vanishing twin. AIM: To determine whether the coexistence of congenital anomalies and CP is greater than a chance finding by comparing the prevalence of congenital anomalies in children with CP with that in the general population of children...
November 2007: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Nikos Kozeis, Antonia Anogeianaki, Daniela Tosheva Mitova, George Anogianakis, Tosho Mitov, Anastasios Felekidis, Paraskevi Saiti, Anelia Klisarova
This article investigates the ability of cerebral palsied (CP) children to execute microsaccades. One-hundred and five congenitally CP school aged children (6 to 15 years old), without severe mental retardation, were classified into three groups: those with spastic quadriplegi, spastic diplegics, and spastic hemiplegics on the basis of: (1) patient anamnesis, (2) IQ estimation, (3) evaluation of the microsaccadic skills with the Developmental Eye Movement test (DEM). Their performance in these tests was compared with a control group from the general pediatric population...
November 2006: International Journal of Neuroscience
Magdalena Rutkowska, Ewa Helwich, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Maria Rudzińska-Chazan, Zofia Kułakowska, Aneta Jeziorek, Małgorzata Seroczyńska, Ewa Nowakowska-Szyrwińska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska
AIM: Complex evaluation of the development of infants until the end of the second year of life, including neurological and sensory development. A prospective cohort study. POPULATION AND METHODS: 1) 264 premature babies born between 24 and 32 weeks of gestation during the period 1st of Oct 1998 and 30th of Sept 1999 in the region of Warsaw. 2) Age of examination at: 4th, 8th and 12th month of postconceptional age and 18th and 24th month of calendar age. 3) Neurological examination according to modified Denver's test, including the development of motor skills, coordination of vision and movement, speech and social contacts...
July 2005: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
Amy Davidoff, Genevieve Kenney, Lisa Dubay
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) expansions on insurance coverage, use of health care services, and access to care for children with chronic health conditions. METHODS: The primary source of data was the National Health Interview Survey. Children with chronic health conditions were identified primarily through reported diagnoses of common chronic conditions (eg, asthma, attention-deficit disorder, mental retardation, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, sickle cell disease, diabetes, arthritis, heart disease) and on the presence of activity limitations caused by a health problem lasting at least 12 months...
July 2005: Pediatrics
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