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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681419/physostigmine-reversal-of-dysarthria-and-delirium-after-iatrogenic-atropine-overdose-from-a-dental-procedure
#1
Jon B Cole, Benjamin S Orozco, Ann M Arens
BACKGROUND: Sublingual atropine, dosed at 0.4-0.8 mg, is used by dentists as an antisialogogue to facilitate and increase the speed of procedures. Concentrated ophthalmic atropine drops (10 mg/mL) are commonly used off-label for this purpose. These highly concentrated drops may result in medication errors, atropine toxicity, and the antimuscarinic toxidrome. We report a case of a man who suffered acute delirium and dysarthria (from dry mouth) after an iatrogenic overdose from a dental procedure...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677596/vanadium-toxicity-in-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l-grown-in-red-soil-effects-on-cell-death-ros-and-antioxidative-systems
#2
Muhammad Imtiaz, Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Muhammad Rizwan, Sajid Mehmood, Balal Yousaf, Yuan Yuan, Allah Ditta, Muhammad Ali Mumtaz, Muhammad Ali, Sammina Mahmood, Shuxin Tu
The agricultural soil contaminated with heavy metals induces toxic effects on plant growth. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of vanadium (V) on growth, H2 O2 and enzyme activities, cell death, ion leakage, and at which concentration; V induces the toxic effects in chickpea plants grown in red soil. The obtained results indicated that the biomass (fresh and dry) and lengths of roots and shoots were significantly decreased by V application, and roots accumulated more V than shoots. The enzyme activities (SOD, CAT, and POD) and ion leakage were increased linearly with increasing V concentrations...
April 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674229/analytical-reverse-time-migration-an-innovation-in-imaging-of-infrastructures-using-ultrasonic-shear-waves
#3
Aziz Asadollahi, Lev Khazanovich
The emergence of ultrasonic dry point contact (DPC) transducers that emit horizontal shear waves has enabled efficient collection of high-quality data in the context of a nondestructive evaluation of concrete structures. This offers an opportunity to improve the quality of evaluation by adapting advanced imaging techniques. Reverse time migration (RTM) is a simulation-based reconstruction technique that offers advantages over conventional methods, such as the synthetic aperture focusing technique. RTM is capable of imaging boundaries and interfaces with steep slopes and the bottom boundaries of inclusions and defects...
April 11, 2018: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670457/genomic-prediction-applied-to-high-biomass-sorghum-for-bioenergy-production
#4
Amanda Avelar de Oliveira, Maria Marta Pastina, Vander Filipe de Souza, Rafael Augusto da Costa Parrella, Roberto Willians Noda, Maria Lúcia Ferreira Simeone, Robert Eugene Schaffert, Jurandir Vieira de Magalhães, Cynthia Maria Borges Damasceno, Gabriel Rodrigues Alves Margarido
The increasing cost of energy and finite oil and gas reserves have created a need to develop alternative fuels from renewable sources. Due to its abiotic stress tolerance and annual cultivation, high-biomass sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) shows potential as a bioenergy crop. Genomic selection is a useful tool for accelerating genetic gains and could restructure plant breeding programs by enabling early selection and reducing breeding cycle duration. This work aimed at predicting breeding values via genomic selection models for 200 sorghum genotypes comprising landrace accessions and breeding lines from biomass and saccharine groups...
2018: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666545/polyphosphates-changes-in-dried-salted-cod-gadus-morhua-during-industrial-and-domestic-processing
#5
Bárbara Teixeira, Helena Vieira, Rogério Mendes
Changes in added polyphosphates throughout the processing of dried salted cod in industrial environment were evaluated. As consumers purchase both dried salted cod and desalted cod, domestic and industrial desalting processes were performed. After brining, total phosphates increased to 11.6 and 16.6 g P2 O5 /kg in cod processed with 3 and 6% of polyphosphates, respectively. During dry-salting, total phosphates decreased in both cases to ca. 5 g P2 O5 /kg, suggesting that most polyphosphates were drained with the water released...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#6
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665568/a-small-proportion-of-litter-derived-nitrogen-is-assimilated-by-plant-biomass-or-immobilized-in-sediments-regardless-of-harvest-management-as-detected-by-15-n-labeled-phragmites-litter-in-a-constructed-wetland
#7
Takashi S T Tanaka, Chagan Irbis, Yuki Hama, Pengyun Wang, Kunzhi Li, Tatsuya Inamura
Emergent aquatic macrophytes play an important role in the removal of nutrients in constructed wetlands (CWs). However, plant biomass supplies litter after the onset of senescence. Although litter-derived nitrogen (N) has been considered a nutrient source for the internal loading that may reduce CW performance, little is known about the quantitative N dynamics associated with litter decomposition. Thus, a controversial question remains about whether plant harvest is needed to manage CWs. In this study, we evaluated the decomposition and the fate of N derived from 15 N-labeled Phragmites litter in a CW for 1 year...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665251/human-periodontal-fibroblasts-viability-stored-in-custodiol-%C3%A2-coconut-water-and-propolis-an-ex-vivo-study
#8
Lama Awawdeh, Rana Naman Haimour, Suhad Hussein Al-Jundi, Khaled Al-Qaoud
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Successful replantation of an avulsed tooth depends on the regeneration of periodontal ligament (PDL) attachment which is affected by the transport medium, dry time and storage time. Various storage media have been studied but the search for the optimum storage medium is still needed to determine the ideal material and storage time to maintain PDL cells. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of Custodiol® , coconut water from different stages of maturity and propolis as storage media for avulsed teeth by evaluating the viability of PDL cells for different time intervals...
April 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664905/erythritol-at-insecticidal-doses-has-harmful-effects-on-two-common-agricultural-crop-plants
#9
Sara E Scanga, Bilal Hasanspahič, Edin Zvorničanin, Jasmina Samardžić Koženjić, Andrew K Rahme, Jessica H Shinn-Thomas
Erythritol, a non-nutritive polyol, is the main component of the artificial sweetener Truvia®. Recent research has indicated that erythritol may have potential as an organic insecticide, given its harmful effects on several insects but apparent safety for mammals. However, for erythritol to have practical use as an insecticide in agricultural settings, it must have neutral to positive effects on crop plants and other non-target organisms. We examined the dose-dependent effects of erythritol (0, 5, 50, 500, 1000, and 2000 mM) on corn (Zea mays) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) seedling growth and seed germination...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660870/differential-behavioural-responses-to-venlafaxine-exposure-route-warming-and-acidification-in-juvenile-fish-argyrosomus-regius
#10
Ana Luísa Maulvault, Lúcia H M L M Santos, José Ricardo Paula, Carolina Camacho, Vasco Pissarra, Fabiola Fogaça, Vera Barbosa, Ricardo Alves, Pedro Pousão Ferreira, Damià Barceló, Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz, António Marques, Mário Diniz, Rui Rosa
Antidepressants, such as venlafaxine (VFX), which are considered emerging environmental pollutants, are increasingly more present in the marine environment, and recent evidence suggest that they might have adverse effects on fish behaviour. Furthermore, altered environmental conditions associated to climate change (e.g. warming and acidification) can also have a determinant role on fish behaviour, fitness and survival. Yet, the underlying interactions between these environmental stressors (pharmaceuticals exposure and climate change) are still far from being fully understood...
April 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660407/application-of-water-soluble-polyvinyl-alcohol-based-film-patches-on-laser-microporated-skin-facilitates-intradermal-macromolecule-and-nanoparticle-delivery
#11
Laura Engelke, Gerhard Winter, Julia Engert
The intradermal delivery of biologics has long been recognized as attractive approach for cutaneous immunotherapy, particularly vaccination. Although intradermal (i.d.) or subcutaneous (s.c.) injection provide reproducible dosing and good cost- and delivery efficiency, the major objective to avoid sharps and the need for enhanced storage stability have renewed the interest in alternative needle-free delivery strategies. This study presents a new concept for the delivery of macromolecules and nanoparticles to viable skin layers with a high density of professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs)...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659629/characterization-of-cocoa-production-income-diversification-and-shade-tree-management-along-a-climate-gradient-in-ghana
#12
Issaka Abdulai, Laurence Jassogne, Sophie Graefe, Richard Asare, Piet Van Asten, Peter Läderach, Philippe Vaast
Reduced climatic suitability due to climate change in cocoa growing regions of Ghana is expected in the coming decades. This threatens farmers' livelihood and the cocoa sector. Climate change adaptation requires an improved understanding of existing cocoa production systems and farmers' coping strategies. This study characterized current cocoa production, income diversification and shade tree management along a climate gradient within the cocoa belt of Ghana. The objectives were to 1) compare existing production and income diversification between dry, mid and wet climatic regions, and 2) identify shade trees in cocoa agroforestry systems and their distribution along the climatic gradient...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653173/superabsorbent-hydrogel-based-on-sulfonated-starch-for-improving-water-and-saline-absorbency
#13
Gamal Zain, Ahmed A Nada, Manal A El-Sheikh, Fawzy A Attaby, Ahmed I Waly
The agriculture sectors in many developing countries have been suffering from water shortage and decreasing crop yields. Thus, an increasing interest has been emerged to develop much-needed solutions for a more sustainable management of water resources. Agricultural hydrogel that absorbs many times of its weight in water has been used to distribute into dry regions in order to improve the soil's ability to absorb and retain water. Here, amphoteric superabsorbent hydrogel is prepared by indirect method based on anionic starch bearing sulfonate groups...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652927/public-perceptions-of-emergency-decontamination-effects-of-intervention-type-and-responder-management-strategy-during-a-focus-group-study
#14
Holly Carter, Dale Weston, Naomi Betts, Simon Wilkinson, Richard Amlôt
In the event of an incident involving the release of a hazardous chemical, first responders may decide to initiate emergency decontamination in order to remove any contaminant from affected casualties. Recent initiatives such as the UK Home Office-led Initial Operational Response Programme have introduced new evidence-based decontamination protocols that reduce the time taken to initiate the decontamination process, including an increased emphasis on rapidly removing contaminated clothing (disrobe), and the use of improvised dry decontamination methods...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652669/endophytic-bacillus-spp-from-medicinal-plants-inhibit-mycelial-growth-of-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-and-promote-plant-growth
#15
Waheda Rahman Ansary, Ferdous Rezwan Khan Prince, Effi Haque, Farzana Sultana, Helen M West, Mahbubur Rahman, Abdul Mojid Mondol, Abdul Mannan Akanda, Mahfuz Rahman, Michele L Clarke, Tofazzal Islam
Plant growth-promoting bacteria that are also capable of suppressing plant pathogenic fungi play an important role in sustainable agriculture. There is a critical need for conducting research to discover, characterize and evaluate the efficacy of new strains of such bacteria in controlling highly aggressive plant pathogens. In this study, we isolated endophytic bacteria from medicinal plants of Bangladesh and evaluated their antagonistic capacity against an important phytopathogenic fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum...
April 11, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642680/effect-of-probiotics-and-xylo-oligosaccharide-supplementation-on-nutrient-digestibility-intestinal-health-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-weanling-pigs
#16
Jingbo Liu, S C Cao, J Liu, Y N Xie, H F Zhang
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus Faecium) and xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum profiles, intestinal health, fecal microbiota and noxious gas emission in weanling pigs. Methods: A total of 240 weanling pigs [(Yorkshire × Landrace) × Duroc)] with an average BW of 6.3 ± 0.15 kg were used in this 28-day trial. Pigs were randomly allocated in 1 of the following 4 dietary treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement with 2 levels of probiotics (0 and 500 mg/kg probiotics) and XOS (0 and 200 mg/kg XOS) based on the BW and sex...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630017/research-in-obstetric-fistula-addressing-gaps-and-unmet-needs
#17
Rachel Pope
Although obstetric fistula has likely plagued women since the beginning of time, very little research proportionally exists. This article summarizes the most substantial research on the topic and delineates research gaps and future needs. Existing research demonstrates that access to care is the underlying cause of obstetric fistula and that the first attempt at closure holds the highest chance at success, ranging between 84% and 94%. For simple cases, 10 days of a catheter is sufficient, although what constitutes as simple is unclear...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617195/natural-tissue-concentrations-in-adult-ambystoma-maculatum-and-larval-dna-damage-from-exposure-to-arsenic-and-chromium
#18
Steven Gardner, George Cline, Nixon Mwebi, James Rayburn
Arsenic (As) and chromium (Cr) are two contaminants that are detected in aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Using the spotted salamander, Ambystoma maculatum, to assess impacts from these contaminants may be advantageous as adults live and breed in such environments. Adult amphibians typically exhibit elevated tissue concentrations of contaminants present in their environment, while larval stages were found to exhibit increased sensitivity to pollutants. From January through March of 2015, during the spring breeding season, 5 adults and approximately 32 egg masses were collected from a local breeding site...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616490/experimental-aspects-of-measuring-the-vial-heat-transfer-coefficient-in-pharmaceutical-freeze-drying
#19
Lindsay A Wegiel, Steven J Ferris, Steven L Nail
One of the current methods for cycle optimization in primary drying to is develop a graphical design space based on quality by design (QbD). In order to construct the design space, the vial heat transfer coefficient (Kv ) is needed. This paper investigated experimental factors that can affect the Kv result, examined the relationship between the batch average Kv and Kv values for individual vials, and recommended best practices for measuring Kv . Factors investigated included the technique for measuring ice temperature, shelf temperature, the use of a radiation shield on the door of the freeze-dry chamber, and shelf spacing...
April 3, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615841/the-incidence-of-postoperative-radiotherapy-induced-acute-dermatitis-in-breast-cancer-and-its-influencing-factors-for-chinese-women
#20
Jingxian Ding, Yonghong Guo, Qingge Li, Jun Chen, Pinghua Hu, Qiuming Liu, Yali Cao, Jiong Wu
Purpose: To investigate the incidence of skin acute reaction and its influencing factors in postoperative breast cancer radiotherapy patients. Methods: One hundred and seventy three cases of breast cancer patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy were consecutively enrolled from June 1, 2016 to July 31, 2017 in our breast cancer center. Irradiation technology includes conformal intensity-modulated radiotherapy and a conventional two-dimensional one with conventional fraction...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
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