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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650324/formulation-evaluation-and-release-rate-characteristics-of-medicated-jelly-of-vitamin-c
#1
Khalid A Ibrahim, Asma Nawaz, Shamim Mumtaz, Furqan Muhammad Iqbal, Ahmad Khan, Shahiquz Zaman, Nasser M Abd El-Salam, Naseem Ullah, Tajamul Husain, Syed Nisar Hussain Shah
Medicated jelly formulations are patient friendly dosage form for pediatric, geriatric and dysphagic patients. These formulations offer rapid dissolution and absorption of drugs through oral mucosa therefore show the early onset of action. The objective of the study was to develop and evaluate oral jelly formulations of vitamin C. Slurry method was adopted using glucose 103gm, sugar 67gm, gelatin 10gm and sorbitol 6.56gm. Preformulation studies were performed including the organoleptic profile, pH, and solubility of both drugs...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634138/intracellular-and-transdermal-protein-delivery-mediated-by-non-covalent-interactions-with-a-synthetic-guanidine-rich-molecular-carrier
#2
Jungkyun Im, Sanket Das, Dongjun Jeong, Chang-Jin Kim, Hyun-Suk Lim, Ki Hean Kim, Sung-Kee Chung
The impermeability of the cell plasma membrane is one of the major barriers for protein transduction into mammalian cells, and it also limits the use of proteins as therapeutic agents. Protein transduction has usually been achieved based on certain invasive processes or cell penetrating peptides (CPP). Herein we report our study in which a synthetic guanidine-rich molecular carrier is used as a delivery vector for intracellular and transdermal delivery of proteins. First a sorbitol-based molecular carrier having 8 guanidine units (Sor-G8) was synthesized, and then was simply mixed with a cargo protein of varying sizes to form the non-covalent complex of carrier-cargo proteins...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629499/agrobacterium-salinitolerans-sp-nov-a-saline-alkaline-tolerant-bacterium-isolated-from-root-nodule-of-sesbania-cannabina
#3
Jun Yan, Yan Li, Hui Yan, Wen Feng Chen, Xiaoxia Zhang, En Tao Wang, Xiao Zeng Han, Zhi Hong Xie
Two Gram-staining-negative, aerobic bacteria (YIC 5082T and YIC4104) isolated from root nodules of Sesbania cannabina grown in a high-salt and alkaline environment were identified as a group in the genus Agrobacterium because they shared 100 and 99.7 % sequence similarities of 16S rRNA and recA+atpD genes, respectively. These two strains showed 99.2/100 % and 93.9/95.4 % 16S rRNA and recA+atpD gene sequence similarities to Agrobacterium radiobacter LMG140T and Agrobacterium. pusense NRCPB10T, respectively...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623698/single-component-solid-lipid-nanocarriers-prepared-with-ultra-long-chain-amphiphilic-lipids
#4
Wei Wei, Xiaonan Lu, Zegao Wang, Bianca Pérez, Jingying Liu, Chengyu Wu, Mingdong Dong, Fengqin Feng, Huiling Mu, Zheng Guo
HYPOTHESIS: Synthetic sugar alcohol mono-behenates with high melting points, surface activity and resistance to enzymatic lipolysis, are expected to form stable single-component solid lipid nanocarriers (SC-SLNs). The preparation methods and the polar head group of the molecules should affect the size and drug encapsulation efficiency. EXPERIMENTS: SC-SLNs of sugar alcohol mono-behenates with varied polar heads were prepared using emulsification-diffusion method and melting-probe sonication method...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620410/transcriptome-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-genes-induced-by-low-and-high-potassium-levels-provides-insight-into-fruit-sugar-metabolism-of-pear
#5
Changwei Shen, Jie Wang, Xiaoqian Shi, Yalong Kang, Changyan Xie, Lirun Peng, Caixia Dong, Qirong Shen, Yangchun Xu
Potassium (K) deficiency is a common abiotic stress that can inhibit the growth of fruit and thus reduce crop yields. Little research has been conducted on pear transcriptional changes under low and high K conditions. Here, we performed an experiment with 7-year-old pot-grown "Huangguan" pear trees treated with low, Control or high K levels (0, 0.4, or 0.8 g·K2O/kg soil, respectively) during fruit enlargement and mature stages. We identified 36,444 transcripts from leaves and fruit using transcriptome sequencing technology...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616507/the-first-report-of-escherichia-fergusonii-isolated-from-non-human-primates-in-africa
#6
Barbara Glover, Jeanette Wentzel, Akinbowale Jenkins, Moritz Van Vuuren
The aim of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of selected enteric bacteria isolated from non-human primates at a wildlife-human interface. Bacterial isolates from faecal samples of non-human primates at two wildlife rehabilitation centres in South Africa were screened for the presence of Escherichia coli. The biochemical characterisation of E. coli and E. coli-like bacteria revealed both adonitol positive and sorbitol negative strains - a unique characteristic of Escherichia fergusonii and Escherichia coli K99...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606842/physical-and-mechanical-properties-of-a-new-edible-film-made-of-pea-starch-and-guar-gum-as-affected-by-glycols-sugars-and-polyols
#7
Bahareh Saberi, Suwimol Chockchaisawasdee, John B Golding, Christopher J Scarlett, Costas E Stathopoulos
The influence of different plasticizers (glycols, sugars and polyols) on the moisture sorption, mechanical, physical, optical, and microstructure characteristics of pea starch-guar gum (PSGG) film was studied. All plasticizers formed homogeneous, transparent, and smooth films, while PEG-400 did not produce film with suitable characteristics. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy results indicated some interaction between plasticizers and the polymers. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations of the films presented surfaces without cracks, breaks, or openings which were indicator of the miscibility and compatibility of employed plasticizers with PSGG films...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599861/polar-silica-based-stationary-phases-part-ii-neutral-silica-stationary-phases-with-surface-bound-maltose-and-sorbitol-for-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography
#8
Renuka Rathnasekara, Ziad El Rassi
Two neutral polyhydroxylated silica bonded stationary phases, namely maltose-silica (MALT-silica) and sorbitol-silica (SOR-silica), have been introduced and chromatographically characterized in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) for a wide range of polar compounds. The bonding of the maltose and sorbitol to the silica surface was brought about by first converting bare silica to an epoxy-activated silica surface via reaction with γ-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) followed by attaching maltose and sorbitol to the epoxy surface in the presence of the Lewis acid catalyst BF3...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597831/ongoing-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-hus-outbreak-caused-by-sorbitol-fermenting-sf-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-o157-germany-december-2016-to-may-2017
#9
Sabine Vygen-Bonnet, Bettina Rosner, Hendrik Wilking, Angelika Fruth, Rita Prager, Annelene Kossow, Christina Lang, Sandra Simon, Juliane Seidel, Mirko Faber, Anika Schielke, Kai Michaelis, Alexandra Holzer, Rolf Kamphausen, Daniela Kalhöfer, Sebastian Thole, Alexander Mellmann, Antje Flieger, Klaus Stark
We report an ongoing, protracted and geographically dispersed outbreak of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and gastroenteritis in Germany, involving 30 cases since December 2016. The outbreak was caused by the sorbitol-fermenting immotile variant of Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) Escherichia coli O157. Molecular typing revealed close relatedness between isolates from 14 cases. One HUS patient died. Results of a case-control study suggest packaged minced meat as the most likely food vehicle. Food safety investigations are ongoing...
May 25, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597160/purification-and-characterization-of-a-newly-serine-protease-inhibitor-from-rhamnus-frangula-with-potential-for-use-as-therapeutic-drug
#10
Abir Ben Bacha, Ikram Jemel, Nadine M S Moubayed, Imen Ben Abdelmalek
Protease inhibitors from plants are well known to be potent inhibitors of the growth of bacteria, fungi, and even certain viruses which make them excellent candidates for use as the lead compounds for the development of novel antimicrobial agents for applications in medicine. In this study, Rhamnus frangula was selected as a protease inhibitor source. The maximum recovery of the protease inhibitor against trypsin was recorded in the crude extract made in 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) and isolated from the mature leaves...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595152/an-unexplored-remarkable-pnipam-osmolyte-interaction-study-an-integrated-experimental-and-simulation-approach
#11
Payal Narang, Suresh B Vepuri, Pannuru Venkatesu, Mahmoud E Soliman
We investigate the aggregation and collapse of water soluble amphiphilic polymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), in aqueous solution containing variable amount of trehalose, sucrose and sorbitol. The effect of these osmolytes on the coil to globular transition of the PNIPAM is studied by the use of comprehensive biophysical techniques like UV-visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The polarization induced by these additives promotes the collapsed state of PNIPAM at much lower temperature as compared to the pure PNIPAM in aqueous solution...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594182/novel-composite-gel-electrolytes-with-enhanced-electrical-conductivity-and-thermal-stability-prepared-using-self-assembled-nanofibrillar-networks
#12
Wei-Chi Lai, Li-Jie Liu, Po-Hsun Huang
Novel composite gel electrolytes were prepared using self-assembled organogels as scaffolds. Mixing silica with the low-molecular-weight poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based electrolytes resulted in precipitation due to significant aggregation of silica. However, clear and transparent PEG-silica composite gel electrolytes were obtained with 1,3:2,4-dibenzylidene-d-sorbitol (DBS) organogels. The organogels resulted from the formation of DBS nanofibrillar networks in which the diameter sizes of the nanofibrils ranged from 10 to 100 nm, as observed by transmission electron microscopy...
June 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593518/purification-characterization-and-retting-of-crotolaria-juncea-fibres-by-an-alkaline-pectin-lyase-from-fusarium-oxysporum-mtcc-1755
#13
S Yadav, S K Maurya, G Anand, R Dwivedi, D Yadav
Using solid-state fermentation, production of an industrially important pectin lyase from a fungal strain Fusarium oxysporum MTCC 1755 was attempted, which was further subjected to purification and characterization. The enzyme was purified by three steps, namely ammonium sulfate fractionation, cation-exchange chromatography on CM cellulose followed by gel filtration chromatography using Sephadex G-100 column. A 16-fold purification with 31.2% yield and 3.2 U/mg specific activity was achieved. The optimum pH of the purified enzyme was 9...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572935/waffle-production-influence-of-batter-ingredients-on-sticking-of-fresh-egg-waffles-at-baking-plates-part-i-effect-of-starch-and-sugar-components
#14
Regina Huber, Regine Schoenlechner
Fresh egg waffles are a sweet convenience product typically baked from eggs, water, sugar, flour, fat, leavening agents, emulsifiers, preservatives, and flavors. In industrial production, waffles are baked continuously in high amounts of up to 200 kg raw material per hour. Therefore, it is important that the waffles do not stick onto the baking plates, which can cause significant product loss and increased costs due to interruption of the baking process, required cleaning procedures, and restarting of the energy-consuming start-up phase...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557170/phenolic-compounds-inhibit-the-aldose-reductase-enzyme-from-the-sheep-kidney
#15
Yeliz Demir, Mesut Işık, İlhami Gülçin, Şükrü Beydemir
Aldose reductase (AR) is the key enzyme for the polyol pathway and responsible for sorbitol accumulation during the hyperglycemia. The present article focuses on the role of phenol, pyrogallol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, catechol, and phloroglucinol in in vitro inhibition of AR. For this purpose, AR was purified from the sheep kidney with 5.33 EU mg(-1) specific activity and 0.64% yield using several chromatographic methods. Various concentrations of the compounds were tested on in vitro AR activity. IC50 values were found for phenol, pyrogallol, hydroquinone, resorcinol, catechol, and phloroglucinol as 6...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551440/osmolyte-induced-enhancement-of-expression-and-solubility-of-human-dihydrofolate-reductase-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Naira Rashid, Charu Thapliyal, Pratima Chaudhuri Chattopadhyay
The process of recombinant protein production in E. coli system is often hampered by the formation of insoluble aggregates. Human Dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR), an enzyme involved in the synthesis of purine, thymidilate and several other amino acids like glycine, methionine and serine is highly aggregation prone. It catalyzes the reduction of dihydrofolate (H2F) in order to regenerate tetrahydrofolate (H4F) utilizing NADPH as a cofactor. We have attempted to ameliorate the production of soluble and functional protein by growing and inducing the cells under osmotic stress condition, in the presence of various osmolytes like glycerol, sorbitol, TMAO, proline and glycine at 37°C...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551418/metabolomic-and-physico-chemical-approach-unravel-dynamic-regulation-of-calcium-in-sweet-cherry-fruit-physiology
#17
Michail Michailidis, Evangelos Karagiannis, Georgia Tanou, Katerina Karamanoli, Athina Lazaridou, Theodora Matsi, Athanassios Molassiotis
Calcium (Ca(2)) nutrition has a significant role in fruit physiology; however, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, fruit quality in response to CaCl2, applied via foliar sprays (Ca(2)) or/and hydro-cooling water (CaHC), was characterized in 'Lapins' cherries at harvest, just after cold storage (20 days at 0 °C) as well as after cold storage followed by 2 days at 20 °C, herein defined as shelf-life period. Data indicated that pre- and post-harvest Ca(2+) applications increased total Ca(2+) and cell wall bound Ca(2+), respectively...
May 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551219/stabilization-of-beta-lactoglobulin-by-polyols-and-sugars-against-temperature-induced-denaturation-involves-diverse-and-specific-structural-regions-of-the-protein
#18
Alberto Barbiroli, Mauro Marengo, Dimitrios Fessas, Enzio Ragg, Stefano Renzetti, Francesco Bonomi, Stefania Iametti
Temperature sensitivity of bovine milk beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) was assessed in the presence/absence of non-reducing sugars (sucrose and trehalose) and polyols (glycerol and sorbitol). None of them affected the structural features of the protein at room temperature, where the only observed effect was an increased affinity towards hydrophobic probes in the presence of all co-solutes but glycerol. Although most of the observed effects in temperature-ramp experiments are due to entropic effects (fitting within the "preferential exclusion" theory of protein stabilization), this study indicates that each co-solute exhibit different efficacy at stabilizing specific regions of BLG, suggesting that each of them acts in a specific way on the solvent/protein system...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535265/physiology-of-cold-hardiness-seasonal-fluctuations-and-cryoprotectant-contents-in-overwintering-adults-of-hypera-postica-coleoptera-curculionidae
#19
Mahdieh Saeidi, Saeid Moharramipour
The alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal), is widely distributed in various alfalfa-growing regions in the world. Adults enter the field gradually from hibernation places and overwinter in a nondiapausing state, exhibiting feeding, mating, and oviposition over autumn and winter whenever the weather permits. In this study, the variability of supercooling point (SCP) and cold hardiness in alfalfa weevil was investigated. Adults were collected monthly from alfalfa fields in Karaj, Iran, during autumn, winter, and spring in 2011-2012...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532266/soft-chewable-gelatin-based-pharmaceutical-oral-formulations-a-technical-approach
#20
Morten J Dille, Magnus N Hattrem, Kurt I Draget
OBJECTIVE: Hard tablets and capsules for oral drug delivery cause problems for people experiencing dysphagia. The present work describes the formulation and properties of a gelatin based, self-preserved and soft chewable tablet as an alternative and novel drug delivery format. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gelatin (8.8-10% in 24.7-29% water) constituted the matrix of the soft, semi-solid tablets. Three different pharmaceuticals (Ibuprofen 10%, Acetaminophen 15%, Meloxicam 1...
May 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
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