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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925497/the-feasibility-of-the-cd271-and-cd271-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-enrichment-toward-nucleus-pulposus-like-cells
#1
Katarzyna Jezierska-Wozniak, Monika Barczewska, Aleksandra Habich, Pawel Wojtacha, Wanda Badowska, Wojciech Maksymowicz, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Factors promoting nerve cell ingrowth are considered responsible for chronic back pain resulting from the intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). One of the recent exploratory IDD treatments is stem cell transplantation therapy. The CD271 (low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor) has been identified as a marker of the most homogeneous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) subset. It is capable of promoting differentiation along adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages and producing significantly higher levels of cytokines as compared to the total population of plastic adherence-mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs)...
September 19, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920142/acupuncture-for-reduction-of-symptom-burden-in-multiple-myeloma-patients-undergoing-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#2
Gary Deng, Sergio Giralt, David J Chung, Heather Landau, Jonathan Siman, Benjamin Search, Marci Coleton, Emily Vertosick, Nathan Shapiro, Christine Chien, Xin S Wang, Barrie Cassileth, Jun J Mao
PURPOSE: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is potentially curative for a number of hematologic malignancies, but is associated with high symptom burden. We conducted a randomized sham-controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate efficacy and safety of acupuncture as an integrative treatment for managing common symptoms during HCT. METHODS: Adult patients with multiple myeloma undergoing high-dose melphalan followed by autologous HCT (AHCT) were randomized to receive either true or sham acupuncture once daily for 5 days starting the day after chemotherapy...
September 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919469/assignment-of-the-absolute-configuration-of-hepatoprotective-highly-oxygenated-triterpenoids-using-x-ray-ecd-nmr-j-based-configurational-analysis-and-hsqc-overlay-experiments
#3
Xiaojuan Wang, Jiabao Liu, Pankaj Pandey, Jiabao Chen, Frank R Fronczek, Stuart Parnham, Xinzhu Qi, Robert J Doerksen, Daneel Ferreira, Hua Sun, Shuai Li, Mark T Hamann
BACKGROUND: The plants of the genus Kadsura are widely distributed in China, South Korea, and Japan. Their roots and stems are traditionally used to treat blood diseases and pain. The main bioactive constituents of Kadsura longipedunculata comprise highly oxygenated triterpenoids. Schiartane-type nortriterpenoids showed anti-HIV, anti-HBV, and cytotoxic bioactivities. For such compounds, the absolute configuration influences the bioactivities, and hence its unambiguous determination is essential...
September 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914207/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-cartilage-repair
#4
A Borakati, Reza Mafi, P Mafi, Wasim Khan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major global burden creating significant morbidity worldwide. Current curative therapies are expensive, challenging to access and have significant risks, making them infeasible and difficult in many cases. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be applied to joints and may regenerate the cartilage damaged in OA, this therapy may be advantageous to existing treatments. We systematically reviewed clinical trials of MSCs for cartilage repair and provide an overview of the literature in this area here...
September 15, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912408/-results-of-a-drug-use-survey-of-filgrastim-biosimilar-1-filgrastim-bs-syringe-for-inj-mochida-and-f
#5
Tsukasa Teshima, Nao Takigawa, Yuki Makita, Chinatsu Kushiya
With the aim of evaluating the safety and efficacy of filgrastim biosimilar 1(Filgrastim BS syringe for Inj. "MOCHIDA"and "F"), we conducted a drug use results survey of this product for its indications, including mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells into peripheral blood and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. Of the 518 cases enrolled between August 2013 and July 2015, 495 were selected to be subjects of our safety and efficacy evaluations. 37 cases (7.47%)experienced side effects, which were mainly lower back pain(19, 3...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905389/the-first-reported-case-of-concurrent-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-immune-hemolytic-anemia-and-thrombocytopenia
#6
Yevgeniy A Linnik, Edison W Tsui, Isabella W Martin, Zbigniew M Szczepiorkowski, Gregory A Denomme, Jerome L Gottschall, John M Hill, Nancy M Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia (DIIHA) and drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DIIT) are rare but dangerous complications of pharmacotherapy that may be underrecognized in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients due to overlap of signs and symptoms with those of more common disease processes. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman with NK-cell deficiency and GATA-2-associated myelodysplastic syndrome, status post-recent allogeneic HSCT (Day +58), presented with 3 days of acute-onset severe back pain, muscle cramps, and increasingly dark urine...
September 14, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903357/intratumoral-acidosis-fosters-cancer-induced-bone-pain-through-the-activation-of-the-mesenchymal-tumor-associated-stroma-in-bone-metastasis-from-breast-carcinoma
#7
Gemma Di Pompo, Silvia Lemma, Lorenzo Canti, Nadia Rucci, Marco Ponzetti, Costantino Errani, Davide Maria Donati, Shonagh Russell, Robert Gillies, Tokuhiro Chano, Nicola Baldini, Sofia Avnet
Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is common in patients with bone metastases (BM), significantly impairing quality of life. The current treatments for CIBP are limited since they are often ineffective. Local acidosis derived from glycolytic carcinoma and tumor-induced osteolysis is only barely explored cause of pain. We found that breast carcinoma cells that prefer bone as a metastatic site have very high extracellular proton efflux and expression of pumps/ion transporters associated with acid-base balance (MCT4, CA9, and V-ATPase)...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900820/outcome-of-childhood-leukaemia-survivors-and-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-treated-with-autologous-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#8
T de Rojas, S Martínez-Álvarez, S Lerma-Lara, M Á Díaz, L Madero, M Ramírez
PURPOSE: Corticoid-induced osteonecrosis (ON) of femoral head can lead to severe hip joint impairment and hip replacement, with negative impact in young survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) with long life expectancy. We aim to improve quality of life in these patients with a novel approach. METHODS/PATIENTS: Based on the regenerative capacities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), we performed locally implanted autologous cell therapy in two adolescents suffering of bilateral femoral ON...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894792/influence-of-hla-matching-on-the-efficacy-of-allogeneic-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapies-for-osteoarthritis-and-degenerative-disc-disease
#9
Javier García-Sancho, Ana Sánchez, Aurelio Vega, David C Noriega, Mercedes Nocito
BACKGROUND: The necessity for more effective therapies for chronic osteoarticular diseases has led to the development of treatments based on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the natural precursors of musculoskeletal tissue. Treatments with autologous MSCs yielded excellent results, with nearly 70% improvement of pain and disability in osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease. Using allogeneic MSCs is logistically more convenient and would widen the pool of eligible patients, but potential immune rejection should be considered...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890905/single-versus-multiple-site-harvesting-techniques-for-bone-marrow-concentrate-evaluation-of-aspirate-quality-and-pain
#10
Kristin Oliver, Tariq Awan, Matthew Bayes
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow concentrate (BMC) is growing in popularity as an alternative treatment option in orthopaedics. The regenerative capacity of BMC has been linked to the number of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) present in the graft at the time of its clinical application. MSC counts in bone marrow aspirate (BMA) are affected by harvest technique, but controversy exists over which aspiration method optimizes cellular yield while taking patient comfort and risk into consideration. PURPOSE: To compare a single- versus multiple-site bone marrow aspiration technique to determine which would generate a sufficient volume of high-quality BMA for concentration into a BMC graft...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884086/anti-nociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-the-methanolic-extract-of-opuntia-humifusa-stem
#11
Bhesh Raj Sharma, Chul Min Park, Jong Won Choi, Dong Young Rhyu
OBJECTIVE: Opuntia humifusa (O. humifusa) Raf. has been used for the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation, and cancer. Our study was designed to unveil the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of O. humifusa Raf stem (OHS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-nociceptive effect was measured by hot plate, acetic acid-induced writhing, and tail flick assays in mice and rats. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effect was measured by vascular permeability and carrageenan and serotonin-induced paw edema tests in rats...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877838/advances-in-mechanisms-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-pathological-scars-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#12
Li-Jiang Yu, Xiao-Jun Wang, Xiao Long
Pathological scars,including keloids and hypertrophic scars,result from aberrations in the process of physiologic wound healing.An exaggerated inflammatory process is one of the main pathophysiological contributors.Pathological scars may cause pain and pruritis,limit joint mobility,and cause a range of cosmetic deformities that affect the patient's quality of life.However,the effectiveness of currently available prevention and treatment measures remains unsatisfactory.Mesenchymal stem cells,among their multifunctional roles,have the functions of immunomodulation and promotion of angiogenesis...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872895/hyaluronic-acid-accelerates-tendon-to-bone-healing-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#13
Hirokazu Honda, Masafumi Gotoh, Tomonoshin Kanazawa, Hiroki Ohzono, Hidehiro Nakamura, Keisuke Ohta, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura, Kanji Fukuda, Takeshi Teramura, Takashi Hashimoto, Shigeki Shichijo, Naoto Shiba
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that the subacromial injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) is effective for pain relief in rotator cuff tears; however, its effect on tendon-to-bone healing remains unknown. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of HA on the chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro and on tendon-to-bone healing in a rotator cuff repair model. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Bilateral complete tears of the infraspinatus tendon were made in rabbits and subsequently repaired...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871264/neuroinflammation-bone-marrow-stem-cells-and-chronic-pain
#14
REVIEW
Yul Huh, Ru-Rong Ji, Gang Chen
Current treatments for chronic pain, such as inflammatory pain, neuropathic pain, and cancer pain are insufficient and cause severe side effects. Mounting evidence suggests that neuroinflammation in the peripheral and central nervous system (PNS and CNS) plays a pivotal role in the genesis and maintenance of chronic pain. Characteristic features of neuroinflammation in chronic pain conditions include infiltration of immune cells into the PNS [e.g., the sciatic nerve and dorsal root ganglion (DRG)], activation of glial cells such as microglia and astrocytes in the CNS (spinal cord and brain), and production and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines [TNF, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, CCL2, and CXCL1]...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868091/non-invasive-raman-spectroscopy-and-quantitative-real-time-pcr-distinguish-among-undifferentiated-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-redifferentiated-nucleus-pulposus-cells-and-chondrocytes-in-vitro
#15
Franziska Ehlicke, Natascha Köster, Denise Salzig, Peter Czermak
BACKGROUND: The most common cause of lower back pain is the pathological degeneration of the nucleus pulposus (NP). Promising NP regeneration strategies involving human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) would require specific markers to confirm successful differentiation into the NP lineage and to distinguish the articular cartilage (AC). OBJECTIVE: We sought specific NP mRNA markers that are upregulated in native NP cells but not in dedifferentiated NP cells, undifferentiated hMSCs or chondrocytes...
2017: Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865126/circadian-control-of-pain-and-neuroinflammation
#16
REVIEW
Julia P Segal, Kaitlyn A Tresidder, Charvi Bhatt, Ian Gilron, Nader Ghasemlou
The importance of a neuroinflammatory response to the development and maintenance of inflammatory and neuropathic pain have been highlighted in recent years. Inflammatory cells contributing to this response include circulating immune cells such as monocytes, T and B lymphocytes, and neutrophils, as well as microglia in the central nervous system. Pain signals are transmitted via sensory neurons in the peripheral nervous system, which express various receptors and channels that respond to mediators secreted from these inflammatory cells...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855664/oral-mucosal-epithelial-cells-grown-on-porous-silicon-membrane-for-transfer-to-the-rat-eye
#17
Yazad D Irani, Sonja Klebe, Steven J P McInnes, Marek Jasieniak, Nicolas H Voelcker, Keryn A Williams
Dysfunction of limbal stem cells or their niche can result in painful, potentially sight-threatening ocular surface disease. We examined the utility of surface-modified porous-silicon (pSi) membranes as a scaffold for the transfer of oral mucosal cells to the eye. Male-origin rat oral mucosal epithelial cells were grown on pSi coated with collagen-IV and vitronectin, and characterised by immunocytochemistry. Scaffolds bearing cells were implanted into normal female rats, close to the limbus, for 8 weeks. Histology, immunohistochemistry and a multiplex nested PCR for sry were performed to detect transplanted cells...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855212/sensitivity-to-bub1b-inhibition-defines-an-alternative-classification-of-glioblastoma
#18
Eunjee Lee, Margaret Pain, Huaien Wang, Jacob A Herman, Chad M Toledo, Jennifer G DeLuca, Raymund L Yong, Patrick Paddison, Jun Zhu
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains a mainly incurable disease in desperate need of more effective treatments. In this study, we develop evidence that the mitotic spindle checkpoint molecule BUB1B may offer a predictive marker for aggressiveness and effective drug response. A subset of GBM tumor isolates require BUB1B to suppress lethal kinetochore-microtubule attachment defects. Using gene expression data from GBM stem-like cells, astrocytes and neural progenitor cells that are sensitive or resistant to BUB1B inhibition, we created a computational framework to predict sensitivity to BUB1B inhibition...
August 30, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854965/adipose-stem-cells-from-chronic-pancreatitis-patients-improve-mouse-and-human-islet-survival-and-function
#19
Lili Song, Zhen Sun, Do-Sung Kim, Wenyu Gou, Charlie Strange, Huansheng Dong, Wanxing Cui, Gary Gilkeson, Katherine A Morgan, David B Adams, Hongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic pancreatitis has surgical options including total pancreatectomy to control pain. To avoid surgical diabetes, the explanted pancreas can have islets harvested and transplanted. Immediately following total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TP-IAT), many islet cells die due to isolation and transplantation stresses. The percentage of patients remaining insulin free after TP-IAT is therefore low. We determined whether cotransplantation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) from chronic pancreatitis patients (CP-ASCs) would protect islets after transplantation...
August 30, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851944/therapeutic-effect-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-their-secretome-in-experimental-diabetic-pain
#20
Anna T Brini, Giada Amodeo, Lorena M Ferreira, Anna Milani, Stefania Niada, Giorgia Moschetti, Silvia Franchi, Elisa Borsani, Luigi F Rodella, Alberto E Panerai, Paola Sacerdote
Painful neuropathy is one of the complications of diabetes mellitus that adversely affects patients'quality of life. Pharmacological treatments are not fully satisfactory, and novel approaches needed. In a preclinical mouse model of diabetes the effect of both human mesenchymal stromal cells from adipose tissue (hASC) and their conditioned medium (hASC-CM) was evaluated. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin. After neuropathic hypersensitivity was established, mice were intravenously injected with either 1 × 10(6) hASC or with CM derived from 2 × 10(6) hASC...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
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