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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150266/interleukin-35-and-hepatocyte-growth-factor-as-a-novel-combined-immune-gene-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-disease
#1
Samira Moghadam, Maryam Erfanmanesh, Abdolreza Esmaeilzadeh
An autoimmune demyelination disease of the Central Nervous System, Multiple Sclerosis, is a chronic inflammation which mostly involves young adults. Suffering people face functional loss with a severe pain. Most current MS treatments are focused on the immune response suppression. Approved drugs suppress the inflammatory process, but factually, there is no definite cure for Multiple Sclerosis. Recently developed knowledge has demonstrated that gene and cell therapy as a hopeful approach in tissue regeneration...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142862/three-dimensional-printing-for-craniomaxillofacial-regeneration
#2
REVIEW
Laura Gaviria, Joseph J Pearson, Sergio A Montelongo, Teja Guda, Joo L Ong
Craniomaxillofacial injuries produce complex wound environments involving various tissue types and treatment strategies. In a clinical setting, care is taken to properly irrigate and stabilize the injury, while grafts are molded in an attempt to maintain physiological functionality and cosmesis. This often requires multiple surgeries and grafts leading to added discomfort, pain and financial burden. Many of these injuries can lead to disfigurement and resultant loss of system function including mastication, respiration, and articulation, and these can lead to acute and long-term psychological impact on the patient...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141662/safety-and-tolerability-of-intradiscal-implantation-of-combined-autologous-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-hyaluronic-acid-in-patients-with-chronic-discogenic-low-back-pain-1-year-follow-up-of-a-phase-i-study
#3
Hemant Kumar, Doo-Hoe Ha, Eun-Jong Lee, Jun Hee Park, Jeong Hyun Shim, Tae-Keun Ahn, Kyoung-Tae Kim, Alexander E Ropper, Seil Sohn, Chung-Hun Kim, Devang Kashyap Thakor, Soo-Hong Lee, In-Bo Han
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) offer potential as a therapeutic option for chronic discogenic low back pain (LBP) because of their immunomodulatory functions and capacity for cartilage differentiation. The goal of this study was to assess the safety and tolerability of a single intradiscal implantation of combined AT-MSCs and hyaluronic acid (HA) derivative in patients with chronic discogenic LBP. METHODS: We performed a single-arm phase I clinical trial with a 12-month follow-up and enrolled 10 eligible chronic LBP patients...
November 15, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137981/umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviated-inflammation-and-inhibited-apoptosis-in-interstitial-cystitis-via-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#4
Juncong Xie, Bolong Liu, Jialiang Chen, Yuancheng Xu, Hailun Zhan, Fei Yang, Wenbiao Li, Xiangfu Zhou
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a bladder syndrome characterized by pelvic pain and urinary frequency without infection or other identifiable pathology. There are no effective treatments to cure IC. This study investigated the effects of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) injection on IC rat model. Furthermore, we used a coculture system to find the possible molecular mechanism on the human uroepithelial cells (SV-HUC-1), which was the cell model of IC. A rat model of IC was established via systemic injection with cyclophosphamide (CYP) and a cell model of IC was induced by being exposed to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (10 ng/ml)...
November 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128883/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-on-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-and-young-patients
#5
REVIEW
Mengxue He, Binghua Zhang, Nanping Shen, Na Wu, Jiwen Sun
Oral mucositis is one of the most frequent complications after chemotherapy, occurring in approximately 52 to 80% of children receiving treatment for cancer. Recently, it has been suggested that the use of low-energy laser could reduce the grade of oral mucositis and alleviate the symptoms. In 2014, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology has recommended low-level laser therapy in prevention of mucositis for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients because of its beneficial effects in majority of recent studies...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124418/the-effect-of-pre-transplant-pain-and-chronic-disease-self-efficacy-on-quality-of-life-domains-in-the-year-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
Madeline L O'Sullivan, Rebecca A Shelby, Caroline S Dorfman, Sarah A Kelleher, Hannah M Fisher, Krista A Rowe Nichols, Francis J Keefe, Anthony D Sung, Tamara J Somers
PURPOSE: Pain is common for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients and may be experienced pre-transplant, acutely post-transplant, and for months or years following transplant. HSCT patients with persistent pain may be at risk for poor quality of life following transplant; however, the impact of pre-transplant pain on quality of life post-transplant is not well understood. Self-efficacy for chronic disease management is associated with quality of life among cancer patients and may impact quality of life for HSCT patients...
November 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123550/mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-cartilage-regeneration-of-tmj-osteoarthritis
#7
REVIEW
Dixin Cui, Hongyu Li, Xin Xu, Ling Ye, Xuedong Zhou, Liwei Zheng, Yachuan Zhou
Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA) is a degenerative disease, characterized by progressive cartilage degradation, subchondral bone remodeling, synovitis, and chronic pain. Due to the limited self-healing capacity in condylar cartilage, traditional clinical treatments have limited symptom-modifying and structure-modifying effects to restore impaired cartilage as well as other TMJ tissues. In recent years, stem cell-based therapy has raised much attention as an alternative approach towards tissue repair and regeneration...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116936/neurophysiological-aspects-of-the-trigeminal-sensory-system-an-update
#8
Frederic Van der Cruyssen, Constantinus Politis
The trigeminal system is one of the most complex cranial nerve systems of the human body. Research on it has vastly grown in recent years and concentrated more and more on molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology, but thorough reviews on this topic are lacking, certainly on the normal physiology of the trigeminal sensory system. Here we review the current literature on neurophysiology of the trigeminal nerve from peripheral receptors up to its central projections toward the somatosensory cortex. We focus on the most recent scientific discoveries and describe historical relevant research to substantiate further...
November 8, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098161/autologous-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cells-for-treating-diabetic-neuropathy-in-metabolic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Wei Liu, Fengchun Yu, Zhenghong Zhou, Yi-Chen Li, Dongsheng Fan, Kai Zhu
Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common and serious complications of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome. The current therapy strategies, including glucose control and pain management, are not effective for most patients. Growing evidence suggests that infiltration of inflammation factors and deficiency of local neurotrophic and angiogenic factors contribute significantly to the pathologies of diabetic neuropathy. Experimental and clinical studies have shown that bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMCs) therapy represents a novel and promising strategy for tissue repair through paracrine secretion of multiple cytokines, which has a potential to inhibit inflammation and promote angiogenesis and neurotrophy in diabetic neuropathy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089709/co-existence-of-diffuse-serous-cystadenoma-and-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor
#10
Mallika Tewari, Shashikant Patne, Richa Katiyar, Dipanjan Biswas, H S Shukla
Diffuse serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) associated with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) is a rare finding reported previously in only three patients to the best of our knowledge. We herein present one such interesting report of a diffuse serous cystic adenoma (SCA) and co-existent PNET in a 25-year old lady who presented with abdominal pain for past 6 months. A triple-phase pancreatic protocol computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple cysts involving the entire pancreas. The cysts were thin walled, ranging from 2 to 8 cm in width, with no calcification or central scar that was confirmed at laparotomy...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083361/chondral-tissue-engineering-of-the-reumatoid-knee-with-collagen-matrix-autologous-chondrocytes-implant
#11
Massimiliano Leigheb, Michela Bosetti, Antonio De Consoli, Alessia Borroni, Mario Cannas, Federico Grassi
Articular cartilage repair is still a challenge. To date evidence is insufficient to support a treatment over the others. Inflammatory conditions in the joint hamper the application of tissue engineering during chronic joint diseases. Most of the Matrix Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (MACI) cases reported in literature do not deal with rheumatoid knees and do not have a long clinical-histologic follow-up. We report about a 46-year old woman who suffered of a painful focal Outerbridge 4th degree chondral lesion in the medial femoral condyle of her left rheumatoid knee...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062653/ascot-autologous-bone-marrow-stem-cell-use-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-thumb-first-carpometacarpal-joint
#12
Matthew P Murphy, Christina Buckley, Conor Sugrue, Emma Carr, Aine O'Reilly, Shane O'Neill, Sean M Carroll
BACKGROUND: The first carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) in the hand is a commonly affected joint by osteoarthritis. It causes significant thumb base pain, limiting functional capacity. Microfracturing and application of autologous stem cells has been performed on large joints such as the knee but has never been evaluated for use in the smaller joints in the hand. Our aim was to determine the potential benefit of microfracturing and autologous bone marrow stem cells for treatment of osteoarthritis of the first CMCJ in the hand...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062389/use-of-peg-asparaginase-in-monomorphic-epitheliotropic-intestinal-t-cell-lymphoma-a-disease-with-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges
#13
Cesar Gentille, Qian Qin, Andreia Barbieri, Pingali Sai Ravi, Swaminathan Iyer
Monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL), previously known as enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) type II, is a rare haematological malignancy with a difficult and delayed diagnosis. Symptoms can include abdominal pain, weight loss, and chronic diarrhoea. However, most patients are only diagnosed after complications, such as perforation or obstruction, have developed. There is no standard treatment for MEITL; most accepted regimens consist of surgical resection and anthracycline-based chemotherapy...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058990/introduction-to-the-theme-new-approaches-for-studying-drug-and-toxicant-action-applications-to-drug-discovery-and-development
#14
Paul A Insel, Susan G Amara, Terrence F Blaschke, Urs A Meyer
The theme "New Approaches for Studying Drug and Toxicant Action: Applications to Drug Discovery and Development" links 13 articles in this volume of the Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology (ARPT). The engaging prefatory articles by Arthur Cho and Robert Lefkowitz set the stage for this theme and for the reviews that insightfully describe new approaches that advance research and discovery in pharmacology and toxicology. Examples include the progress being made in developing Organson- Chips/microphysiological systems and human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cells to aid in understanding cell and tissue pharmacokinetics, action, and toxicity; the recognition of the importance of circadian rhythm, the microbiome, and epigenetics in drug and toxicant responses; and the application of results from new types of patient-derived information to create personalized/precision medicine, including therapeutics for pain, which may perhaps provide help in dealing with the opioid epidemic in the United States...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058815/differentiation-of-msc-and-annulus-fibrosus-cells-on-genetically-engineered-silk-fleece-membrane-composites-enriched-for-gdf-6-or-tgf-%C3%AE-3
#15
Daniela A Frauchiger, Silvan R Heeb, Rahel D May, Michael Wöltje, Lorin M Benneker, Benjamin Gantenbein
Intervertebral disc (IVD) repair is a high-priority topic in our active and increasingly ageing society. Since a high number of people are affected by low back pain treatment options that are able to restore the biological function of the IVD are highly warranted. Here, we investigated whether the feasibility of genetically-engineered (GE)-silk from Bombyx mori containing specific growth factors to precondition human bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) or to activate differentiated human annulus fibrosus cells (hAFC) prior transplantation or for direct repair on the IVD...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050071/-poorly-differentiated-chordoma-with-ini1-loss-a-clinicopathologic-study
#16
J Y Feng, L Chen, Y Y Ma, H W Yang, L Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics of poorly-differentiated chordoma with INI1 loss in children and to discuss the differential diagnosis. Methods: The clinical, radiological, histopathological profiles and molecular pathologic characteristics of two pediatric poorly differentiated chordoma cases with INI1 loss were reviewed. Results: The patients were a girl and a boy. Both lesions involved the slope. Both patients were presented with progressive muscle weakness or neck pain. Radiological examination showed clivus bone destruction and compression of the brain stem and cervical spinal cord...
October 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049039/serum-cyclosporine-levels-the-influence-of-the-time-interval-between-interrupting-the-infusion-and-obtaining-the-samples-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Livia Maria Garbin, Belinda Pinto Simões, Ana Carolina de Jesus Vieira Curcioli, Emilia Campos de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: There are controversies regarding the best way to collect blood samples for cyclosporine A (CsA) serum levels when this immunosuppressant is administered continuously through a silicone central venous catheter (CVC) to hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the time elapsed between the interruption of a continuous intravenous CsA infusion and the collection of blood samples on CsA serum levels...
October 18, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046485/dimethyl-fumarate-increases-fetal-hemoglobin-provides-heme-detoxification-and-corrects-anemia-in-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Sriram Krishnamoorthy, Betty Pace, Dipti Gupta, Sarah Sturtevant, Biaoru Li, Levi Makala, Julia Brittain, Nancy Moore, Benjamin F Vieira, Timothy Thullen, Ivan Stone, Huo Li, William E Hobbs, David R Light
Sickle cell disease (SCD) results from a point mutation in the β-globin gene forming hemoglobin S (HbS), which polymerizes in deoxygenated erythrocytes, triggering recurrent painful vaso-occlusive crises and chronic hemolytic anemia. Reactivation of fetal Hb (HbF) expression ameliorates these symptoms of SCD. Nuclear factor (erythroid derived-2)-like 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that triggers cytoprotective and antioxidant pathways to limit oxidative damage and inflammation and increases HbF synthesis in CD34+ stem cell-derived erythroid progenitors...
October 19, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021397/varicella-zoster-virus-expresses-multiple-small-non-coding-rnas
#19
Amos Markus, Linoy Golani, Nishant Kumar Ojha, Tatiana Borodiansky-Shteinberg, Paul R Kinchington, Ronald S Goldstein
Many herpesviruses express small non coding RNAs (sncRNA), including microRNAs (miR), that may play roles in regulating lytic and latent infections. None have yet been reported in varicella zoster virus (VZV, HHV-3). Here we analyzed next generation sequencing (NGS) data for small RNAs in VZV-infected fibroblasts and human embryonic stem cell-derived (hESC) neurons. Two independent bioinformatics analyses identified more than 20 VZV-encoded 20-24 nucleotide RNAs, some of which are predicted to have stem-loop precursors potentially representing miRs...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993681/equiaxial-strain-modulates-adipose-derived-stem-cell-differentiation-within-3d-biphasic-scaffolds-towards-annulus-fibrosus
#20
Mostafa Elsaadany, Kayla Winters, Sarah Adams, Alexander Stasuk, Halim Ayan, Eda Yildirim-Ayan
Recurrence of intervertebral disc (IVD) herniation is the most important factor leading to chronic low back pain and subsequent disability after discectomy. Efficacious annulus fibrosus (AF) repair strategy that delivers cells and biologics to IVD injury site is needed to limit the progression of disc degeneration and promote disc self-regeneration capacities after discectomy procedures. In this study, a biphasic mechanically-conditioned scaffold encapsulated with human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) is studied as a potential treatment strategy for AF defects...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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