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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334783/amitriptyline-for-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-systematic-review
#1
Jacoline J van den Driest, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Patrick J E Bindels, Dieuwke Schiphof
Background.: The role of amitriptyline in musculoskeletal pain is not as clearly defined as in classical neuropathic pain conditions. Objective.: To assess the efficacy and effectiveness of amitriptyline in the treatment of pain in musculoskeletal complaints. Methods.: An extensive search (including Medline, Embase and Web of Science) was made up to April 2016 for randomised controlled trials on amitriptyline in musculoskeletal complaints compared to placebo, usual care, or other analgesic use...
January 30, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332005/levetiracetam-synergizes-with-gabapentin-pregabalin-duloxetine-and-selected-antioxidants-in-a-mouse-diabetic-painful-neuropathy-model
#2
Radica Stepanović-Petrović, Ana Micov, Maja Tomić, Uroš Pecikoza
RATIONALE: We have reported that levetiracetam, a novel anticonvulsant with analgesic properties, synergizes with ibuprofen/aspirin/paracetamol in a model of diabetic painful neuropathy (DPN). Most guidelines recommend gabapentin, pregabalin, and duloxetine as first- or second-line agents for DPN. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of combination treatment of first-/second-line analgesics with levetiracetam in a model of DPN. Additionally, the levetiracetam's combinations with antioxidants, low dose of aspirin, coenzyme Q10, or α-lipoic acid were evaluated...
March 22, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328324/trial-of-pregabalin-for-acute-and-chronic-sciatica
#3
Stephanie Mathieson, Christopher G Maher, Andrew J McLachlan, Jane Latimer, Bart W Koes, Mark J Hancock, Ian Harris, Richard O Day, Laurent Billot, Justin Pik, Stephen Jan, C-W Christine Lin
Background Sciatica can be disabling, and evidence regarding medical treatments is limited. Pregabalin is effective in the treatment of some types of neuropathic pain. This study examined whether pregabalin may reduce the intensity of sciatica. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of pregabalin in patients with sciatica. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either pregabalin at a dose of 150 mg per day that was adjusted to a maximum dose of 600 mg per day or matching placebo for up to 8 weeks...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326943/analgesia-induced-by-the-epigenetic-drug-l-acetylcarnitine-outlasts-the-end-of-treatment-in-mouse-models-of-chronic-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain
#4
Serena Notartomaso, Giada Mascio, Matteo Bernabucci, Cristina Zappulla, Pamela Scarselli, Milena Cannella, Tiziana Imbriglio, Roberto Gradini, Giuseppe Battaglia, Valeria Bruno, Ferdinando Nicoletti
Background L-acetylcarnitine, a drug marketed for the treatment of chronic pain, causes analgesia by epigenetically up-regulating type-2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors in the spinal cord. Because the epigenetic mechanisms are typically long-lasting, we hypothesized that analgesia could outlast the duration of L-acetylcarnitine treatment in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Results A seven-day treatment with L-acetylcarnitine (100 mg/kg, once a day, i.p.) produced an antiallodynic effect in the complete Freund adjuvant mouse model of chronic inflammatory pain...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325149/low-dose-naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia
#5
Samy K Metyas, Karen Yeter, John Solyman, Daniel Arkfeld
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment. A significant number of fibromyalgia patients do not respond adequately to the current drugs (pregabalin, milnacipran, duloxetine) approved for fibromyalgia treatment by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Thus, there is still a need for adjunctive therapies. Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used to treat alcohol and opioid dependence. It is hypothesized that low dose naltrexone causes transient blockade of opioid receptors centrally resulting in a rebound of endorphin function which may attenuate pain in fibromyalgia...
March 21, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323806/improving-pain-management-and-long-term-outcomes-following-high-energy-orthopaedic-trauma-pain-study
#6
Renan C Castillo, Srinivasa N Raja, Katherine P Frey, Heather A Vallier, Paul Tornetta, Todd Jaeblon, Brandon J Goff, Allan Gottschalk, Daniel O Scharfstein, Robert V OʼToole
Poor pain control after orthopaedic trauma is a predictor of physical disability and numerous negative long-term outcomes. Despite increased awareness of the negative consequences of poorly controlled pain, analgesic therapy among hospitalized patients after orthopaedic trauma remains inconsistent and often inadequate. The Pain study is a 3 armed, prospective, double-blind, multicenter randomized trial designed to evaluate the effect of standard pain management versus standard pain management plus perioperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or pregabalin in patients of ages 18-85 with extremity fractures...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323759/hypercapnia-caused-by-a-therapeutic-dosage-of-pregabalin-in-a-tetraplegic-patient-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Kyung Hee Do, Eun Jung Choi, Min Cheol Chang, Hea-Eun Yang
Pregabalin is often used for the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We reported a patient with C5 [S(C5/C6)] ASIA Impairment Scale C SCI due to cervical myelopathy who presented CO2 retention when taking a therapeutic dosage of pregabalin. An 88-year-old patient with cervical SCI was transferred to the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation. When he had transferred, his neuropathic pain had been treated with 150-mg pregabalin per day (75 mg twice a day); however, he still exhibited severe neuropathic pain with a Numeric Pain Rating Scale score of 7 to 8...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323403/discovery-of-potent-antiallodynic-agents-for-neuropathic-pain-targeting-p2x3-receptors
#8
Young-Hwan Jung, Yong-Chul Kim, Yeo Ok Kim, Hai Lin, Joong-Heui Cho, Jin-Hee Park, So-Deok Lee, Jinsu Bae, Koon Mook Kang, Yoon Gyoon Kim, Ae Nim Pae, Hyojin Ko, Chul-Seung Park, Myung Ha Yoon
Antagonism of the P2X3 receptor is one of the potential therapeutic strategies for the management of neuropathic pain because P2X3 receptors are predominantly localized on small to medium diameter C- and Aδ-fiber primary afferent neurons, which are related to the pain-sensing system. In this study, 5-hydroxy pyridine derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their in vitro biological activities by two-electrode voltage clamp assay at hP2X3 receptors. Among the novel hP2X3 receptor antagonists, intrathecal treatment of compound 29 showed parallel efficacy with pregabalin (calcium channel modulator) and higher efficacy than AF353 (P2X3 receptor antagonist) in the evaluation of its antiallodynic effects in spinal nerve ligation rats...
March 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299231/chronic-osteoporotic-pain-in-mice-cutaneous-and-deep-musculoskeletal-pain-are-partially-independent-of-bone-resorption-and-differentially-sensitive-to-pharmacological-interventions
#9
Miyako Suzuki, Magali Millecamps, Lina Naso, Seiji Ohtori, Chisato Mori, Laura S Stone
Although the pathological changes in osteoporotic bones are well established, the characterization of the osteoporotic pain and its appropriate treatment are not fully elucidated. We investigated the behavioral signs of cutaneous and deep musculoskeletal pain and physical function; time-dependent changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and the emergence of the behavioral phenotype; and the effects of pharmacological interventions having different mechanisms of action (chronic intraperitoneal administration of pamidronate [0...
2017: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296725/preoperative-use-of-pregabalin-for-acute-pain-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Hai-Liang Jiang, Shuang Huang, Jiang Song, Xiang Wang, Zhong-Shu Cao
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for pain management following spine surgery. METHODS: In September 2016, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. RCTs of patients prepared for spine surgery that compared pregabalin with placebo were retrieved. The primary endpoint was the VAS score with rest or mobilization at 12 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours and cumulative morphine consumption at 24 hours and 48 hours...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296652/perioperative-pregabalin-administration-does-not-prevent-chronic-postoperative-pain-systematic-review-with-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
Valeria Martinez, Xavier Pichard, Dominique Fletcher
The efficacy of perioperative pregabalin treatment for preventing chronic pain remains a matter of debate. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane, and Clinical Trial Register databases, and other sources, for randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of pregabalin and placebo. The primary outcome was the incidence of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) at 3 months. The secondary endpoints were CPSP at 3, 6, and 12 months and the incidence of chronic postsurgical neuropathic pain at the same time points...
February 18, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291143/the-role-of-multimodal-analgesia-in-spine-surgery
#12
Mark F Kurd, Tyler Kreitz, Gregory Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Optimal postoperative pain control allows for faster recovery, reduced complications, and improved patient satisfaction. Historically, pain management after spine surgery relied heavily on opioid medications. Multimodal regimens were developed to reduce opioid consumption and associated adverse effects. Multimodal approaches used in orthopaedic surgery of the lower extremity, especially joint arthroplasty, have been well described and studies have shown reduced opioid consumption, improved pain and function, and decreased length of stay...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287355/donepezil-an-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor-can-attenuate-gabapentinoid-induced-somnolence-in-patients-with-neuropathic-pain-a-retrospective-chart-review
#13
Takamichi Kogure, Masahiko Sumitani, Kiyoshi Ikegami, Hiroaki Abe, Jun Hozumi, Reo Inoue, Kazuo Kawahara, Yoshitsugu Yamada
Donepezil, an oral acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, is used to treat Alzheimer's disease and reportedly attenuates opioid-induced sedation in patients with cancer pain. Neuropathic pain is often treated with gabapentinoids (pregabalin, gabapentin), but gabapentinoid-induced somnolence sometimes prevents patients from using these agents. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with neuropathic pain to examine whether donepezil is useful for gabapentinoid-induced somnolence. We investigated pain severity in 13 patients before and after taking gabapentinoids and donepezil, the degree of gabapentinoid-induced somnolence before and after starting donepezil, and gabapentinoid dose escalation after taking donepezil...
March 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277328/isobolographic-analysis-of-drug-combinations-with-intrathecal-brl52537-%C3%AE%C2%BA-opioid-agonist-pregabalin-calcium-channel-modulator-af-353-p2x3-receptor-antagonist-and-a804598-p2x7-receptor-antagonist-in-neuropathic-rats
#14
Young-Hwan Jung, Yeo Ok Kim, Jung Hyun Han, Yong-Chul Kim, Myung Ha Yoon
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain should be treated with drug combinations exhibiting multiple analgesic mechanisms of action because the mechanism of neuropathic pain involves multiple physiological causes and is mediated by multiple pathways. In this study, we defined the pharmacological interaction of BRL52537 (κ-opioid agonist), pregabalin (calcium channel modulator), AF 353 (P2X3 receptor antagonist), and A804598 (P2X7 receptor antagonist). METHODS: Animal models of neuropathic pain were established by spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in male Sprague-Dawley rats, and responses to the mechanical stimulation using von Frey filaments were measured...
March 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275386/a-case-report-of-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-induced-by-pregabalin
#15
Youn Joo Jung, Dong-Young Lee, Hae Won Kim, Hyun Sun Park, Beom Kim
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is the most common cause of euvolemic hyponatremia, and many medications have been associated with SIADH. Pregabalin is a drug used for the treatment of neuropathic pain, though common adverse effects include central nervous system disturbance, peripheral edema, and weight gain. However, hyponatremia caused by pregabalin has been rarely reported. Here we report a patient with pregabalin-induced hyponatremia who met the criteria for SIADH; after discontinuation of the drug, his condition rapidly improved...
December 2016: Electrolyte & Blood Pressure: E & BP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272120/the-impact-of-serum-drug-concentration-on-the-efficacy-of-imipramine-pregabalin-and-their-combination-in-painful-polyneuropathy
#16
Søren H Sindrup, Jakob V Holbech, Flemming W Bach, Nanna B Finnerup, Kim Brøsen, Troels S Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The serum concentration-effect relation was explored for first line drugs in neuropathic pain and aimed to determine if efficacy could be increased. METHODS: Data from a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial on imipramine, pregabalin and their combination in painful polyneuropathy were used. Treatment periods were of 4 weeks' duration, outcome was the weekly median of daily pain rated by a 0-10 numeric scale, and drug concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260223/the-role-of-pregabalin-in-relieving-ureteral-stent-related-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Maged Ragab, Mohamed G Soliman, Ahmed Tawfik, Ali Abdel Raheem, Hassan El-Tatawy, Mohamed Abo Farha, Michael Magdy, Osama Elashry
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of pregabalin in relieving USRS in patients with an indwelling double-J (DJ) stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 500 adult patients with a unilateral single ureteral stone who underwent ureteroscopic stone management and required DJ stent insertion were prospectively included in our study. Patients were blindly assigned into four groups A, B, C and D. Those in group A were managed with combination of solifenacin 5-mg tablets and pregabalin 75-mg capsules bid...
March 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258733/-perioperative-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Souvik Maitra, Dalim K Baidya, Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Anirban Som
OBJECTIVES: Sternotomy for cardiac surgeries causes significant postoperative pain and when not properly managed may cause significant morbidity. As neuropathic pain is a significant component here, gabapentin and pregabalin may be effective in these patients and may reduce postoperative opioid consumption. The purpose of this systematic review was to find out efficacy of gabapentin and pregabalin in acute postoperative pain after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Published prospective human randomized clinical trials, which compared preoperative and/or postoperative gabapentin/pregabalin with placebo or no treatment for postoperative pain management after cardiac surgery has been included in this review...
March 1, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256737/treatment-patterns-of-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients-before-and-after-the-launch-of-pregabalin-and-its-effect-on-medical-costs-analysis-of-japanese-claims-data-provided-by-japan-medical-data-center
#19
Mariko Honda, Tatsunori Murata, Nozomi Ebata, Koichi Fujii, Setsuro Ogawa
Except for neurotrophin, no drug had an indication for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in Japan prior to pregabalin approval. This approval might have changed PHN treatment patterns. This study aimed to compare PHN treatment patterns and medical costs between patients who started treatment before and after pregabalin approval. Japanese claims data were used to identify patients aged 18 years or more with PHN, postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia or postherpetic polyneuropathy who were initiated on their first PHN-associated prescription through May 2010 (before approval) or from June 2010 (after approval)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252606/-diabetic-asymmetric-proximal-neuropathy
#20
S V Kotov, I G Rudakova, E V Isakova, Yu A Belova, T V Volchenkova, M Khirbek, G A Stashuk
AIM: To study the prevalence, clinical features and treatment of diabetic asymmetric proximal neuropathy (DAPN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred and forty-five patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), 257 women and 188 men, mean age 47.6±0.5 years, including 163 patients with DM type I and 282 with DM type II, were examined. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Distal symmetric sensory motor polyneuropathy was found in 62% of the patients, autonomic neuropathy in 25...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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