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Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

F Lynch, C Kehoe, S MacMahon, E McCarra, R McKenna, A D'Alton, E Barrett, A Twohig, F McNicholas
Introduction Paediatric Consultation Liaison Psychiatry Services (PCLPS) are specialised services treating mental health difficulties co-morbid with medical problems. Methods Standardised clinical data was retrieved from all case notes (N=108) during the study timeframe (Jan-June 2016). Results The majority of children were female 59 (55%) with a mean age of 13. Presentation was typically via the Emergency Department (ED) (85, 79%), and of those, the majority (53, 62%) were 'out of hours' and for Deliberate Self-harm (44, 52%) Almost half of all cases seen (50, 46%) were previously known, and discharged back (84, 78%), to CAMHS...
December 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
Anne Pf Wand, Swapnil Sharma, Lindsay J Carpenter, Mike Gatsi
OBJECTIVES: Consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP) services sit between mental health and the general hospital, and risk being poorly understood by both systems. The aim of this study was to develop an operational manual for a CLP service, which defined functions and governance. METHODS: The CLP literature was reviewed with a focus on descriptions of CLP roles, organisational processes, quality measures and service development. The CLP team held service planning meetings and met with members of the mental health and hospital executives...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Sandeep Grover, Siddharth Sarkar, Lakshmi Narayana Yaddanapudi, Abhishek Ghosh, Amit Desouza, Debasish Basu
Background and Aims: The study aimed to assess the rates of delirium in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) prospectively assessed with a delirium screening instrument and confirmed through psychiatrist evaluation. In addition, the referral rate to psychiatric consultation liaison services from the same ICU was assessed through the rates of psychiatric referral over the previous 10 years. Material and Methods: In the prospective part of the study, consecutive patients aged 16 years or more admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care hospital were assessed daily for delirium using confusion assessment method for the ICU, a validated instrument that can be used for both mechanically ventilated and nonventilated patient by trained heath care personnel...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
M Brinkers, G Pfau, C Schneemilch
BACKGROUND: Owing to a rise of psychosomatic comorbidities, the treatment of psychological disorders, which may negatively impact prognosis and therapy, is increasingly becoming a focus of attention for pain outpatient clinics. AIM: This study investigates and discusses the advantages of liaison psychiatric care in a university pain clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated all patients who presented to an anaesthesiologically led pain clinic between January and June 2014...
January 19, 2018: Der Schmerz
Anton Schmick, Josef Jenewein, Sönke Böttger
Substance use disorders are becoming an increasingly significant problem in general hospitals and hence play a key role in consultation- and liaison psychiatry. Diverse psychotropic effects of various substances mimic psychiatric disorders. An alcohol intoxication can present depressive or manic symptoms, a cannabis delirium can present as a psychosis while stimulants use can suggest the diagnosis of an anxiety disorder. Obtaining dual diagnoses by identifying substance-induced and non-substance-induced psychopathologies is clinically challenging...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Yan Chen, Enyan Yu, Zhengluan Liao, Yunfei Tan, Yaju Qiu, Junpeng Zhu, Sisi Lin, Minghao Wu
Objective This study aimed to identify misdiagnosed or undiagnosed psychiatric disorders and the factors associated with these disorders in patients with sleep problems who are referred to a consultation-liaison service. Method Records of all inpatients receiving a consultation from the Psychiatry Department between January and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Psychiatric diagnoses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the factors associated with the risk of these disorders in patients with sleep problems were determined by multiple logistic regression analysis...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Aleksandra Bacewicz, Katherine Martin
Consult-liaison psychiatrists often encounter difficult clinical scenarios. We present a pediatric case of presumptive coprophagia. After a negative medical work-up, the pediatrics team asked psychiatry to assist them in managing this relatively rare disorder in the hospital setting. Little is known about the etiology and treatment of coprophagia in the pediatric population. Using the case as a catalyst, we discuss what is known about this disorder as well as treatment strategies in the hospital setting.
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
Pinar Tosun Tasar, Sevnaz Sahın, Nur Ozge Akcam, Cıgdem Dınckal, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Ozan Fatih Sarıkaya, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcıcek, Aysin Noyan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of delirium and its association with mortality rates in elderly inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 1435 patients over 65 years old who were treated at a regional university hospital and were referred to the university's Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry Clinic for psychological evaluation were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with and without a diagnosis of delirium were compared. The National Survival Database was used to determine mortality rates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
G Mattei, A Laghi, S Balduzzi, M Moscara, C Piemonte, C Reggianini, M Rigatelli, S Ferrari, L Pingani, G M Galeazzi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify possible biopsychosocial predictors of organizational complexity in patients referred to the consultant psychiatrist for assessment before liver transplantation. METHODS: This was a case-control study. All psychiatric consultations performed before and after liver transplantation from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013 were included. Complexity was operationalized as "undergoing two or more psychiatric consultations"...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Ralf Ilchef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
January 2018: Psychosomatics
Trupti Koli, Maria Filippidou
BACKGROUND: The importance of handovers has been recognised and proven in clinical practice. In liaison psychiatry, this is particularly important due to the high turnover of patients seen, the shift work pattern and the number of member staff engaging in this process. An Audit on the Quality of Handovers was carried out within a Psychiatric Liaison team of a General hospital in UK with an intention to review and improve this. METHOD: Handovers were evaluated against the gold standard of the SBAR tool (Situation/Background/Assessment/Recommendations) over a period of 4 weeks...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Shivali Aggarwal, Shallu Dhiman, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have evaluated the reasons for referral to consultation-liaison (CL) psychiatry teams. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the psychiatric morbidity pattern, reasons for referral and diagnostic concordance between physicians/surgeons and the CL psychiatry team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and nineteen psychiatric referrals made to the CL psychiatry team were assessed for reason for referral and diagnostic concordance in terms of reason of referral and psychiatric diagnosis made by the CL psychiatry team...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Larkin Elderon Kao, Hermioni N Lokko, Kathleen Gallivan, Vera O'Brien, John R Peteet
BACKGROUND: Many oncology patients see both chaplains and consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists during medical hospitalizations. Studies show that spirituality and mental health influence one another, and that patients often prefer that physicians understand their spirituality. Though models of inpatient chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration likely exist, none are apparent in the literature. In this study, we present one model of chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration, hypothesizing that both specialties would find the intervention helpful...
November 2017: Psychosomatics
Adam Trenton, Neha Pansare, Anthony Tobia, Viwek Bisen, Kenneth R Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Delusional parasitosis is infrequently seen in hospital-based consultation-liaison psychiatry. AIMS: Although there are many publications on delusional parasitosis, this report reviews a unique case that was diagnosed during a hospital admission and treated over the next 36 months. METHOD: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: This case report describes a 65-year-old man who was diagnosed with delusional parasitosis during a hospital admission for congestive heart failure and acute kidney injury...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
Stephanie G Cheung, Adrienne D Mishkin, Peter A Shapiro
BACKGROUND: In the United States, people with limited English proficiency (LEP) receive poorer medical care than those proficient in English. Few studies demonstrate how linguistic barriers complicate psychiatric care; in consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry, there are no published data about care disparities for patients with LEP or for whom English is not the preferred language (PL). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if PL affects the psychiatric consultation rate...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
Ralf Ilchef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Nasuh Malas, Linden Spital, Jason Fischer, Yu Kawai, David Cruz, Patricia Keefer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute agitation and behavioral escalation (PAABE) is common and disruptive to pediatric inpatient health care. There is a paucity of literature on PAABE in noncritical care inpatient pediatric care settings with little consensus on its evaluation and management. METHODS: In January 2016, a 34-question survey was e-mailed to pediatric hospitalists and consultation-liaison psychiatrists through their respective professional listservs. Excluded responses included incomplete surveys, and surveys from providers in community care settings...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
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