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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651223/impact-of-wastewater-derived-dissolved-interfering-compounds-on-growth-enzymatic-activity-and-trace-organic-contaminant-removal-of-white-rot-fungi-a-critical-review
#1
REVIEW
Muhammad B Asif, Faisal I Hai, Jingwei Hou, William E Price, Long D Nghiem
White-rot fungi (WRF) and their ligninolytic enzymes have been investigated for the removal of a broad spectrum of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) mostly from synthetic wastewater in lab-scale experiments. Only a few studies have reported the efficiency of such systems for the removal of TrOCs from real wastewater. Wastewater derived organic and inorganic compounds can inhibit: (i) WRF growth and their enzyme production capacity; (ii) enzymatic activity of ligninolytic enzymes; and (iii) catalytic efficiency of both WRF and enzymes...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650788/comparison-of-the-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-the-endovac-system-and-conventional-needle-irrigation-in-primary-molar-root-canals
#2
Burak Buldur, Arife Kapdan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of the EndoVac system and conventional needle irrigation to eliminate E faecalis in primary molar root canals. STUDY DESIGN: 60 extracted human primary second molar roots were instrumented up to an apical size .04/35 and randomly divided into two groups; Group 1: conventional needle (n=30) and Group 2: EndoVac (n=30), and four subgroups (two experimental subgroups; (a) 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (n=20), (b) ozonated water (OW) + EDTA (n=20), and control groups (c) 5...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650688/multidrug-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-lebanese-hospital-wastewater-implication-in-the-one-health-concept
#3
Ziad Daoud, Jina Farah, Elie S Salem, Khalil El Kfoury, Elias Dahdouh, Khalil Masri, Claude Afif, Roula M Abdel-Massih, Ghassan M Matar
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing organisms pose severe problems for hospitalized patients. In the absence of efficient sanitation and sewage disposal, the risks for transmission of hospital organisms into the community are high. Our objectives were to study the occurrence and mechanisms of resistance of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli in two Lebanese hospital sewage treatment plants. Wastewater samples were collected, filtered, and cultivated on MacConckey+cefotaxime agars...
June 26, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648599/2-3-butandione-2-monoxime-inhibits-skeletal-myosin-ii-by-accelerating-atp-cleavage
#4
Hideyuki Komatsu, Yuji Koseki, Takeshi Kanno, Shunsuke Aoki, Takao Kodama
2,3-Butandione 2-monoxime (BDM) is a widely used myosin inhibitor with an unclear mode of action. In this report, we investigated the mechanism of BDM oxime group nucleophilic reactivity on the phosphoester bond of ATP. BDM increased the ATPase activity of skeletal myosin subfragment 1 (S1) under conditions in which ATP cleavage is the rate-limiting step (K(+), EDTA-ATPase activity of native S1 and Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of trinitrophenylated S1 and partially unfolded S1). Furthermore, the effect of BDM on the S1-bound adenosine 5'-(β,γ-imido) triphosphate (AMPPNP) (31)P NMR spectrum suggests that BDM changes the microenvironment around the phosphorus atoms of myosin-bound nucleotide...
June 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647246/environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-aminopolycarboxylate-chelating-agents-mobilize-cd-from-humic-acid
#5
Ashley E North, Sophia Sarpong-Kumankomah, Andrew R Bellavie, Wade M White, Jürgen Gailer
Although Cd is a pollutant of public health relevance, many dietary sources from which it can be absorbed into human tissues remain unknown. While it is well established that the biogeochemical cycle of Cd involves its complexation with environment-derived ligands (e.g., humic acids, HAs) and anthropogenic ones (e.g., chelating agents, CAs), the interaction of Cd with both of these ligands is less well understood. To gain insight, a HA-Cd complex was injected on a size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) column coupled on-line with a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS) using 10mmol/L Tris buffer (pH8...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646396/enhanced-phytoextraction-of-lead-from-artificially-contaminated-soil-by-mirabilis-jalapa-with-chelating-agents
#6
Li Yan, Cuilan Li, Jinjing Zhang, Odeshnee Moodley, Shuoran Liu, Chang Lan, Qiang Gao, Wenjing Zhang
A microcosm experiment was conducted to compare how different chelating agents enhance the phytoextraction of lead (Pb) by Mirabilis jalapa from an artificially Pb-contaminated soil. Chelating agents used included ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), ethylene diamine disuccinic acid (EDDS), oxalic acid, humic acid, citric acid and tartaric acid, with concentrations ranging from 0 to 2000 mg/kg. Results show that with increasing concentrations of chelating agents, the concentrations, bioaccumulation coefficients, and translocation factors of Pb in M...
June 23, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644431/an-in-vitro-study-on-the-efficacy-of-removing-calcium-hydroxide-from-curved-root-canal-systems-in-root-canal-therapy
#7
Ying Wang, Li-Yang Guo, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wen-Ling Zou, Ying-Ming Yang, Yuan Gao, Hui Yang, Tao Hu
To compare the efficacy of various irrigants (citric acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and NaOCl) and techniques in removing Ca(OH)2 in two types of curved root canal systems, simulated root canals with specific curvatures were used to investigate the effects of different irrigants and instruments on Ca(OH)2 removal. The optimal methods were verified on extracted human teeth. Simulated root canals were assigned to one of two groups based on the irrigation solution: 10% citric acid or 2.5% NaOCl. Each group was divided into four subgroups according to the technique used to remove Ca(OH)2...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643485/accuracy-assessment-of-five-equations-used-for-estimating-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-korean-adults
#8
Tae Dong Jeong, Eun Jung Cho, Woochang Lee, Sail Chun, Ki Sook Hong, Won Ki Min
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the performance of the five creatinine-based equations commonly used for estimates of the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), namely, the creatinine-based Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPIcr), Asian CKD-EPI, revised Lund-Malmö (revised LM), full age spectrum (FAS), and Korean FAS equations, in the Korean population. METHODS: A total of 1,312 patients, aged 20 yr and above who underwent ⁵¹Cr-EDTA GFR measurements (mGFR), were enrolled...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643361/screening-for-del-phenotype-in-rhd-negative-indians
#9
Swati Kulkarni, Disha S Parchure, Vidya Gopalkrishnan, Manisha Madkaikar
BACKGROUND: DEL phenotype represents a very weak form of D variant detected only by adsorption and elution technique. DEL phenotype individuals mistyped as RhD-negative can lead to alloimmunization after transfusion or pregnancy. Molecular techniques have now been used to identify DEL variants. They are commonly encountered in the East Asian population with RHD(K409K) being the most frequent allele. RHD(M295I) is the most common DEL allele in Caucasians. As there is a paucity of data on DEL phenotype in the Indian population, the study aims to screen RhD negative individuals for two most common DEL mutations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642925/the-effect-of-gelatinase-production-of-enterococcus-faecalis-on-adhesion-to-dentin-after-irrigation-with-various-endodontic-irrigants
#10
Mehmet Burak Guneser, Ayce Unverdi Eldeniz
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the gelatinase production ability of Enterococcus faecalis provides any advantage on adhesion of this bacterium to dentin treated with various irrigants and their combinations. Materials and methods: Standardized dentin discs were randomly divided into five groups (n = 20): group 1: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), group 2: 2% chlorhexidine (CHX), group 3: NaOCl + Saline + CHX, group 4: NaOCl + EDTA + NaOCl, group 5: QMix. After incubation of dentin discs with irrigants, each group was divided into two subgroups (n = 10) according to the bacterial strains used; a gelatinase-producing and a gelatinase-deficient strain of E...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641224/elemental-copper-nanoparticle-toxicity-to-anaerobic-ammonium-oxidation-and-the-influence-of-ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic-acid-edta-on-copper-toxicity
#11
Jorge Gonzalez-Estrella, Guangbin Li, Sarah E Neely, Daniel Puyol, Reyes Sierra-Alvarez, Jim A Field
Soluble ions released by elemental copper nanoparticles (Cu(0) NP) are toxic to key microorganisms of wastewater treatment processes. However, their toxicity to anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) has not yet been studied. Chelating agents occurring in wastewater may decrease copper ions (Cu(2+)) concentration and consequently, decrease copper toxicity. This study evaluated Cu(0) NP and CuCl2 toxicity to anammox and the influence of ethylene diamine-tetra acetic acid (EDTA) on copper toxicity. Bioassays were supplemented with Cu(0) NP or CuCl2 with and without EDTA...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639598/haematological-profile-of-patients-with-mixed-phenotype-acute-leukaemia-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-north-india
#12
Manupriya Sharma, Man Updesh Singh Sachdeva, Parveen Bose, Neelam Varma, Subhash Varma, R K Marwaha, Pankaj Malhotra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Mixed-phenotype acute leukaemia (MPAL) is a rare neoplasm with no definite treatment protocols and a distinctly poor outcome. Advancement in polychromatic flow cytometry has made its identification easier. This prospective study was designed to identify cases of MPAL and study their clinical presentation and haematological profile in a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-anticoagulated bone marrow aspirate samples of patients diagnosed as acute leukaemia (AL) on the basis of morphology were utilized for immunophenotyping...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638559/comparative-evaluation-of-anti-microbial-effects-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-and-amox-and-its-derivatives-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Manjeet Kaur, Shrikant Kendre, Parmod Gupta, Navneet Singh, Harsimran Sethi, Neha Gupta, Rushil Acharya
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis is a microorganism commonly detected in asymptomatic, persistent endodontic infections. Triple antibiotic paste has stood the test of time as a proven antibiotic combination against E. Faecalis. However, problems with this include staining of teeth and standardization of the preparation. Thus, the search for better alternatives and better preparation techniques is still on. AIM: To observe the potential of combinations [(Amoxicillin+ Metronidazole, Amoxicillin Clavulanic Acid + Metronidazole; Amoxicillin and Cloxacillin + Metronidazole)] over Triple Antibiotic Paste...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638174/near-real-time-measurement-of-carbonaceous-aerosol-using-microplasma-spectroscopy-application-to-measurement-of-carbon-nanomaterials
#14
Lina Zheng, Pramod Kulkarni, M Eileen Birch, Gregory Deye, Dionysios D Dionysiou
A sensitive, field-portable microplasma spectroscopy method has been developed for real-time measurement of carbon nanomaterials. The method involves microconcentration of aerosol on a microelectrode tip for subsequent analysis for atomic carbon using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) or spark emission spectroscopy (SES). The spark-induced microplasma was characterized by measuring the excitation temperature (15,000 - 35,000 K), electron density (1.0 × 10(17) - 2.2 × 10(17) cm(-3)), and spectral responses as functions of time and interelectrode distance...
August 18, 2016: Aerosol Science and Technology: the Journal of the American Association for Aerosol Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634885/colorimetric-determination-of-pb-2-in-perfect-aqueous-solution-using-carminic-acid-as-a-selective-chemosensor
#15
Masaru Sakamaki, Shunichi Aikawa, Yasumasa Fukushima
The commercially available natural organic dye, carminic acid (CA), an anthraquinone derivative bearing hydroxyl and carboxyl groups as recognition sites was found to be a colorimetric probe for Pb(2+) in perfect aqueous solution under neutral conditions with specific selectivity and high sensitivity. Upon addition of Pb(2+), the absorption maximum of CA showed a large red shift, and the resulted color change from red to purple could be easily identified even by the naked eye. The chemical stoichiometric ratio between CA and Pb(2+) was determined to be 1:2 through Job plot, Pb(2+) titration, and kinetic experiments...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634800/impact-of-chemical-leaching-on-permeability-and-cadmium-removal-from-fine-grained-soils
#16
Zhongbing Lin, Renduo Zhang, Shuang Huang, Kang Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of chemical leaching on permeability and Cd removal from fine-grained polluted soils. Column leaching experiments were conducted using two types of soils (i.e., artificially Cd-polluted loam and historically polluted silty loam). Chemical agents of CaCl2, FeCl3, citric acid, EDTA, rhamnolipid, and deionized water were used to leach Cd from the soils. Results showed that organic agents reduced permeability of both soils, and FeCl3 reduced permeability of loam soil, compared with inorganic agents and deionized water...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631163/evaluation-of-streck-bct-and-paxgene-stabilised-blood-collection-tubes-for-cell-free-circulating-dna-studies-in-plasma
#17
Kristina Warton, Nicole L Yuwono, Mark J Cowley, Mark J McCabe, Alwin So, Caroline E Ford
INTRODUCTION: Blood samples for studies of circulating DNA in disease are often collected in clinical settings where prompt processing of samples is not possible. In order to avoid problems associated with leukocyte lysis after prolonged blood storage, stabilised blood tubes have been developed containing preservatives that prevent cell lysis. We evaluated Streck BCT tubes and PAXgene ccfDNA tubes, as well as standard EDTA blood collection tubes, in terms of DNA yield and fragment size...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628302/highly-fe3-selective-fluorescent-nanoprobe-based-on-ultra-bright-n-p-co-doped-carbon-dots-and-its-application-in-biological-samples
#18
Jingfang Shangguan, Jin Huang, Dinggeng He, Xiaoxiao He, Kemin Wang, Runzhi Ye, Xue Yang, Taiping Qing, Jinlu Tang
Measuring the levels of Fe3+ in human body has attracted considerable attention for health monitoring as it plays an essential element in many physiological processes. In this work, we reported a selective fluorescent nanoprobe for Fe3+ detection in biological samples based on ultra-bright N/P co-doped carbon dots. By employing adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) as the carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus source, the N/P co-doped carbon dots could be simply prepared through hydrothermal treatment. The obtained carbon dots exhibited high quantum yields up to 43...
June 19, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626970/surgical-treatment-of-peri-implantitis-intrabony-lesions-by-means-of-deproteinized-bovine-bone-mineral-with-10-collagen-7-year-results
#19
Mario Roccuzzo, Dario Pittoni, Andrea Roccuzzo, Lorena Charrier, Paola Dalmasso
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the surgical treatment of single peri-implantitis intrabony defects, by means of deproteinized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen (DBBMC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The original population consisted of 26 patients with one crater-like defect, around either sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) or titanium plasma-sprayed (TPS) dental implants, with a probing depth (PD) ≥6 mm and no implant mobility (Roccuzzo et al...
June 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626288/assessment-of-radicular-dentin-permeability-after-irradiation-with-co2-laser-and-endodontic-irrigation-treatments-with-thermal-imaging
#20
Heajin Cho, Robert C Lee, Kenneth H Chan, Daniel Fried
Previous studies have demonstrated that the permeability changes due to the surface modification of dentin can be quantified via thermal imaging during dehydration. The CO2 laser has been shown to remove the smear layer and disinfect root canals. Moreover, thermal modification via CO2 laser irradiation can be used to convert dentin into a highly mineralized enamel-like mineral. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the radicular dentin surface modification after CO2 laser irradiation by measuring the permeability with thermal imaging...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
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