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Ahmed Y Gamal, Khaled A Abdel-Ghaffar, Mohamed G Zouair, Mohamed H Salama, Mahmoud T El Destawy
BACKGROUND: Since it is important to establish and maintain a firm blood clot to the surrounding tissues within the intrabony lesion; we have to investigate the potentials of different materials in resisting clot retraction that disrupt clot adhesion to the root surface. This study was designed to measure the gap distance created by clot retraction within the defect following intrabony defects grafting with and without root surface EDTA etching. METHODS: Eight mongrel dogs with surgically created acute-chronic bilateral mandibular interproximal intrabony defects in the premolar-molar areas were enrolled in this study (total 8 defects per dog)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Bunpei Katayama, Toshiyuki Ozawa, Kuniyuki Morimoto, Kunio Awazu, Nobuhisa Ito, Norihiro Honda, Naoki Oiso, Daisuke Tsuruta
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) frequently develops antibiotic-resistant characteristics, which is clinically problematic. The main reason behind the rise of antibiotic-resistant PA is the extensive use of antibiotics. Therefore, a novel technique is needed to treat PA infections. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is thought to have the potential to be a non-antibiotic treatment for infections. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), which works as a photosensitizer after being metabolized into protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in the heme synthetic pathway, is used for PDT...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Peter A Kavsak, Paul Malinowski, Chantele Roy, Lorna Clark, Shana Lamers
BACKGROUND: Analytical evaluation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays, with particular attention to imprecision, interferences and matrix effects, at normal cTn concentrations, is of utmost importance as many different clinical algorithms use concentration cutoffs <10 ng/L for decision-making. The objective for the present analytical study was to compare the new Beckman Coulter hs-cTnI assay (Access hsTnI) to Abbott's hs-cTnI assay in different matrices and for different interferences, with a focus on concentrations <10 ng/L...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Hui Wang, Bin Fang, Le Zhou, Di Li, Lin Kong, Kajsa Uvdal, Zhangjun Hu
A two-photon active probe for physiological copper (Cu2+ ) detection is expected to play an important role in monitoring biological metabolism. Herein, a novel Schiff base derivative (E)-2,2'-((4-((4-(diethylamino)-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)phenyl)azanediyl)bis(ethan-1-ol) (L) with remarkable two-photon activity was developed and synthetically investigated. L presents high selectivity and sensitivity for Cu2+ sensing in ethanol/HEPES buffer (v/v, 1 : 1), which is accompanied by the fluorescence switching "off" and subsequently "on" with the addition of EDTA...
March 13, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Krongkaew Seesui, Kanokwan Imtawil, Phimphakon Chanetmahun, Porntip Laummaunwai, Thidarut Boonmars
Molecular techniques have been introduced for malaria diagnosis because they offer greater sensitivity and specificity than microscopic examinations. Therefore, DNA isolation methods have been developed for easy preparation and cost effectiveness. The present study described a simple protocol for Plasmodium DNA isolation from EDTA-whole blood. This study demonstrated that after heating infected blood samples with Tris-EDTA buffer and proteinase K solution, without isolation and purification steps, the supernatant can be used as a DNA template for amplification by PCR...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Stephan Block, Srdjan S Aćimović, Nils Odebo Länk, Mikael Käll, Fredrik Höök
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) has provided a wealth of information on the composition, structure, and dynamics of cell membranes. However, it has proved challenging to reach the spatial resolution required to resolve biophysical interactions at the nm-scale relevant to many crucial membrane processes. In this work, we form artificial cell membranes on dimeric, nanoplasmonic antennas, which shrink the FCS probe volume down to the ~20 nm length-scale. By analysing the autocorrelation functions (ACFs) associated with the fluorescence bursts from individual fluorescently tagged lipids moving through the antenna "hot spots", we show that the confinement of the optical readout volume below the diffraction limit allows the temporal resolution of FCS to be increased by up to 3 orders of magnitude...
March 12, 2018: ACS Nano
Robert J Kemppainen, Ellen N Behrend, Stephanie F Carter, Janeva E Cole
Hormone assays that use a solid-phase, automated, chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CEIA) with an alkaline phosphatase-tagged hormone or antibody as a reporter are performed on serum or EDTA plasma in our laboratory. CEIA cortisol results appeared to increase in the presence of excess EDTA. We investigated the effect of the addition of different amounts of EDTA on cortisol concentrations in pooled canine serum samples. The recommended EDTA plasma concentration of 4.1 mmol/L (1.8 mg/mL) did not alter cortisol concentrations when added to serum pools; however, the addition of ≥5...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Bret Cooper, Nazrul Islam, Yunfeng Xu, Hunter S Beard, Wesley M Garrett, Ganyu Gu, Xiangwu Nou
Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterial, food-borne pathogen of humans, can contaminate raw fruits and vegetables. While physical and chemical methods are available to control S. aureus, scientists are searching for inhibitory phytochemicals from plants. One promising compound from pomegranate is punicalagin, a natural antibiotic. To get a broader understanding of the inhibitory effect of punicalagin on S. aureus growth, we used high-throughput mass spectrometry and quantitative isobaric labeling to investigate the proteome of S...
March 12, 2018: Proteomics
Mohsen Saeedi, Loretta Y Li, John R Grace
The effects of soil components such as clay minerals and as humic acids, as well as co-existing metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, on desorption and mobility are examined. Three types of artificially blended clay and clay mineral mixtures (pure kaolinite, kaolinite + sand and kaolinite + sand + bentonite), each with different humic acid content, were tested for desorption and mobility of acenaphthene, fluorene and fluoranthene by three extracting solutions CaCl2 (0.01 M) and EDTA (0.01M) with non-ionic surfactants (Tween 80 and Triton X100)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
S Mykolenko, V Liedienov, M Kharytonov, N Makieieva, T Kuliush, I Queralt, E Marguí, M Hidalgo, G Pardini, M Gispert
The work was conducted to establish contamination from improper disposal of hazardous wastes containing lead (Pb) and antimony (Sb) into nearby soils. Besides other elements in the affected area, the biological role of Sb, its behaviour in the pedosphere and uptake by plants and the food chain was considered. Wastes contained 139532 ± 9601 mg kg-1 (≈14%) Pb and 3645 ± 194 mg kg-1 (≈0.4%) Sb respectively and variability was extremely high at a decimetre scale. Dramatically high concentrations were also found for As, Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Sn and Zn...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Seungmi Hong, Mi-Ja Kim, Sungkwon Park, Suyong Lee, Jonggil Lee, JaeHwan Lee
To enhance the oxidative stability of organogels made from grapeseed oil, the antioxidant effects of sesamol, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and citric acid were determined in beeswax-based organogels stored under light or in the dark conditions at 25 °C. Without the addition of antioxidants, the organogels rapidly oxidized under light irradiation but not during storage in the dark. Sesamol showed the highest antioxidant activity at concentrations of 10 to 40 ppm, whereas the other compounds exhibited no antioxidant activity at 10 ppm...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Siaw Li Chan, Sarosh Rana, Sireesha Chinthala, Saira Salahuddin, Kiang-Teck J Yeo
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is one of the leading hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Angiogenic biomarkers such as anti-angiogenic factor soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) and pro-angiogenic factor placental growth factor (PlGF) are involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to validate the analytical performance of sFlt1 and PlGF on the B·R·A·H·M·S KRYPTOR Compact Plus (ThermoFisher Scientific). STUDY DESIGN: We examined K2 -EDTA plasma samples from 50 patients on B·R·A·H·M·S KRYPTOR Compact Plus, an automated immunoassay platform...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Anne-Claire Lagrée, Clotilde Rouxel, Maëllys Kevin, Thibaud Dugat, Guillaume Girault, Benoît Durand, Martin Pfeffer, Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Henri-Jean Boulouis, Nadia Haddad
BACKGROUND: Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic tick-borne intracellular alpha-proteobacterium causing tick-borne fever, which leads to significant economic losses in domestic ruminants in Europe. Its epidemiological cycles are complex and reservoir host species of bovine strains have not yet been identified. Given that little genetic information is available on strains circulating within a defined bovine environment, our objective was to assess the genetic diversity of A. phagocytophilum obtained from the same farms over time...
March 9, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Farahnaz Eshraghi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
An efficient Pb(II) adsorbent was prepared by the modification of clinoptilolite nanoparticles (CpN) with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Samples were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM, BET, TG-DTG, CHNS analyzer, and energy dispersive analysis X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The experiments were designed by response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) that suggested a quadratic model to predict the conditions and the interactions between the variables including adsorbent dosage, removal time, CPb , and its solution pH...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Y Ustun, S Düzgün, T Aslan, A Aktı
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiencies of different irrigation protocols in the removal of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) from root canals. Materials and Methods: A total of 127 extracted human maxillary incisor teeth were prepared. Then, root-end resection of 3 mm was accomplished to simulate immature apex model. The root canals were filled with TAP, after 21 days, randomly divided into nine groups according to irrigation systems and solutions (n = 13)...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
B Dikmen, B Tarim
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of irrigants on bond strength of adhesive systems. Materials and Methods: Superficial dentin surfaces of 60 extracted molars were divided into 15 groups, according to irrigants and adhesives. In the control groups, surfaces were irrigated with distilled water. In experimental groups, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) + NaOCl, chlorhexidine (CHX), and NaOCl + sodium ascorbate were used as irrigants...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ligang Xia, Jing Bai, Jinhua Li, Linsen Li, Shuai Chen, Qunjie Xu, Baoxue Zhou
A high-efficient photo-induced wastewater fuel cell (WFC) for neutral wastewater treatment was proposed in this paper based on radicals catalytic reaction of Fe3+ /Fe2+ - EDTA complexes in the system which has a lower redox potential than Fe3+ /Fe2+ and can accelerate easily the conversion of slow catalytic step from Fe (III) to Fe (II). The results indicated that the WFC shows an excellent performance in a wide pH range of 5-9 and achieves optimal efficiency for organic degradation and electricity generation at pH 7...
February 27, 2018: Chemosphere
Jenny Skytte Larsson, Vitus Krumbholz, Anders Enskog, Gudrun Bragadottir, Bengt Redfors, Sven-Erik Ricksten
OBJECTIVE: Data on renal hemodynamics, function, and oxygenation in early clinical septic shock are lacking. We therefore measured renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, renal oxygen consumption, and oxygenation in patients with early septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. SETTING: General and cardiothoracic ICUs. PATIENTS: Patients with norepinephrine-dependent early septic shock (n = 8) were studied within 24 hours after arrival in the ICU and compared with postcardiac surgery patients without acute kidney injury (comparator group, n = 58)...
March 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Franziska Haupt, M Hülsmann
OBJECTIVES: To assess the consistency of electronic determination of endodontic working length obtained from four identical electronic root canal length measurement devices (ERCLMD) from five different types of ERCLMD each under various in vitro conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight extracted teeth, seven single-rooted teeth, and one molar were accessed. Root length was measured and instruments were inserted and fixed with the tip placed beyond and short of the apical constriction, in roots with an artificial perforation or an open apex...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Neelam Dubey, Prashant Singh, Suvendra Nath Bagchi
Unbranched heterocytous cyanobacteria produce a number of serine peptidases. We have characterized several peptidases in the cell-free extracts of a true-branched N2 -fixing cyanobacterium, Westiellopsis ramosa sp. nov. Upon substrate-gel zymography of intact filaments and heterocytes, five peptidase bands were resolved, whereas in vegetative cells, a single band was discernible. No band was detected in [Formula: see text]-grown cultures suggesting that the peptidases were present under diazotrophic conditions with much of them confined to heterocytes...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
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