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Hand held dynamometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630726/the-hapi-hip-arthroscopy-pre-habilitation-intervention-study-does-pre-habilitation-affect-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoro-acetabular-impingement
#1
Louise F Grant, Derek J Cooper, Jon L Conroy
The purpose of this randomized prospective comparative controlled pilot study was to determine whether specific patient exercises done pre-hip arthroscopy surgery for femoro-acetabular impingement affected post-operative recovery. Between October 2013 and June 2014, 6 males and twelve females over the age of eighteen, who were listed for hip arthroscopy for femoro-acetabular impingement, were randomized into two groups. A hip-specific, 8-week home exercise programme was given to the experimental group before their surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595864/hip-strength-and-star-excursion-balance-test-deficits-of-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#2
Ryan S McCann, Ian D Crossett, Masafumi Terada, Kyle B Kosik, Brenn A Bolding, Phillip A Gribble
OBJECTIVES: To examine isometric hip strength in those with and without CAI, and determine the degree of Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) variance explained by isometric hip strength. DESIGN: Single-blinded, cross-sectional, case-control study. METHODS: Thirty individuals with CAI, 29 lateral ankle sprain (LAS) copers, and 26 healthy controls participated. We assessed dynamic postural control with the SEBT anterior (SEBT-ANT), posteromedial (SEBT-PM), and posterolateral (SEBT-PL) reaches, and isometric hip extension (EXT), abduction (ABD) and external rotation (ER) strength with hand-held dynamometry...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583070/high-risk-of-malnutrition-is-associated-with-low-muscle-mass-in-older-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Vincent D Pierik, Carel G M Meskers, Jeanine M Van Ancum, Siger T Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C Kruizinga, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We aimed to investigate the association between the risk of malnutrition and 1) muscle strength and muscle mass at admission and 2) the change of muscle strength and muscle mass during hospitalization in older patients. METHODS: The EMPOWER study included 378 patients aged seventy years or older who were acutely or electively admitted to four different wards of an academic teaching hospital in Amsterdam...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461226/clinical-and-functional-characteristics-of-people-with-chronic-and-recent-onset-plantar-heel-pain
#4
Allegra Barnes, Justin Sullivan, Evangelos Pappas, Roger Adams, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain is a common condition that reduces health-related quality of life. Recovery usually occurs within 12 months; however, up to 20% of people remain symptomatic beyond this time frame. The level of pain and function in this chronic heel pain group is not well described. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and functional characteristics associated with chronic plantar heel pain compared with heel pain of recent onset. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417202/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-muscle-strength-in-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#5
Dorothea Clauss, Christine Tjaden, Thilo Hackert, Lutz Schneider, Cornelia M Ulrich, Joachim Wiskemann, Karen Steindorf
PURPOSE: Cancer patients frequently experience reduced physical fitness due to the disease itself as well as treatment-related side effects. However, studies on physical fitness in pancreatic cancer patients are missing. Therefore, we assessed cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength of pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS: We included 65 pancreatic cancer patients, mostly after surgical resection. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
April 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255442/validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-novel-simple-back-extensor-muscle-strength-test
#6
Amy T Harding, Benjamin Kurt Weeks, Sean A Horan, Andrew Little, Steven L Watson, Belinda Ruth Beck
OBJECTIVES: To develop and determine convergent validity and reliability of a simple and inexpensive clinical test to quantify back extensor muscle strength. METHODS: Two testing sessions were conducted, 7 days apart. Each session involved three trials of standing maximal isometric back extensor muscle strength using both the novel test and isokinetic dynamometry. Lumbar spine bone mineral density was examined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Validation was examined with Pearson correlations (r)...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087121/upper-extremity-outcome-measures-for-collagen-vi-related-myopathy-and-lama2-related-muscular-dystrophy
#7
Roxanna M Bendixen, Jocelyn Butrum, Mina S Jain, Rebecca Parks, Bonnie Hodsdon, Carmel Nichols, Michelle Hsia, Leslie Nelson, Katherine C Keller, Michelle McGuire, Jeffrey S Elliott, Melody M Linton, Irene C Arveson, Fatou Tounkara, Ruhi Vasavada, Elizabeth Harnett, Monal Punjabi, Sandra Donkervoort, Jahannaz Dastgir, Meganne E Leach, Anne Rutkowski, Melissa Waite, James Collins, Carsten G Bönnemann, Katherine G Meilleur
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) comprises a rare group of genetic muscle diseases that present at birth or early during infancy. Two common subtypes of CMD are collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD) and laminin alpha 2-related dystrophy (LAMA2-RD). Traditional outcome measures in CMD include gross motor and mobility assessments, yet significant motor declines underscore the need for valid upper extremity motor assessments as a clinical endpoint. This study validated a battery of upper extremity measures in these two CMD subtypes for future clinical trials...
March 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076880/repeatability-consistency-and-accuracy-of-hand-held-dynamometry-with-and-without-fixation-for-measuring-ankle-plantarflexion-strength-in-healthy-adolescents-and-adults
#8
Phillip R Davis, Marnee J Mckay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Joshua Burns, Davide Pareyson, Kristy J Rose
INTRODUCTION: Hand-held dynamometry (HHD) is commonly used to measure ankle plantarflexion strength but has variable reliability measuring higher forces. Fixed HHD is suggested to improve reliability. We therefore compared the reliability, consistency, and accuracy of measuring plantarflexion strength. METHOD: Plantarflexion strength was measured in 25 healthy individuals with fixed HHD and HHD alone. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC2,2 ), standard error of measurement (SEM), minimal detectable change (MDC), and Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated to assess inter-trial repeatability, consistency, agreement, and accuracy...
January 11, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000006/mri-as-outcome-measure-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-1-year-follow-up-of-45-patients
#9
Grete Andersen, Julia R Dahlqvist, Christoffer R Vissing, Karen Heje, Carsten Thomsen, John Vissing
There is no effective treatment available for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1), but emerging therapies are under way that call for a better understanding of natural history in this condition. In this prospective, longitudinal study, we used quantitative MRI to assess yearly disease progression in patients with FSHD1. Ambulatory patients with confirmed diagnosis of FSHD1 (25/20 men/women, age 20-75 years, FSHD score: 0-12) were tested with 359-560-day interval between tests. Using the MRI Dixon technique, muscle fat replacement was evaluated in paraspinal, thigh, and calf muscles...
March 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917570/handwriting-difficulties-of-children-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-1a
#10
Daniel Kunovsky, Reinie Cordier, Paula Bray, Joshua Burns
Hand weakness and impaired manual dexterity have been reported in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). This early onset of upper limb involvement might explain frequent clinical referrals for assessment and treatment of impaired handwriting performance. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of CMT1A on handwriting speed and legibility, and identify demographic, anthropometric, and physical measures that might relate to handwriting performance. Handwriting speed (Handwriting Speed Test), handwriting legibility (Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting-Cursive), and hand strength (hand-held dynamometry of tip pinch, lateral pinch and grip) were assessed in 30 children with CMT1A (aged 8-17 years) and 30 age- and sex-matched controls...
March 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#11
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
January 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880057/ankle-plantarflexor-spasticity-is-not-differentially-disabling-for-those-who-are-weak-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Gavin Williams, Megan Banky, Dean McKenzie, John Olver
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of distal lower-limb spasticity had a greater impact on mobility for those who had greater levels of muscle paresis following traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional cohort study of convenience. Seventy-five people attending physiotherapy for mobility limitations following TBI participated in this study. All participants had sustained a moderate-severe TBI and were grouped according to the presence or absence of ankle plantarflexor spasticity for comparison...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861523/knee-moment-angle-characteristics-and-semitendinosus-muscle-morphology-in-children-with-spastic-paresis-selected-for-medial-hamstring-lengthening
#13
Helga Haberfehlner, Richard T Jaspers, Erich Rutz, Jules G Becher, Jaap Harlaar, Johannes A van der Sluijs, Melinda M Witbreuk, Jacqueline Romkes, Marie Freslier, Reinald Brunner, Huub Maas, Annemieke I Buizer
To increase knee range of motion and improve gait in children with spastic paresis (SP), the semitendinosus muscle (ST) amongst other hamstring muscles is frequently lengthened by surgery, but with variable success. Little is known about how the pre-surgical mechanical and morphological characteristics of ST muscle differ between children with SP and typically developing children (TD). The aims of this study were to assess (1) how knee moment-angle characteristics and ST morphology in children with SP selected for medial hamstring lengthening differ from TD children, as well as (2) how knee moment-angle characteristics and ST morphology are related...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741232/effect-of-gender-disease-duration-and-treatment-on-muscle-strength-in-myasthenia-gravis
#14
Gülsenay Citirak, Sanja Cejvanovic, Henning Andersen, John Vissing
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this observational, cross-sectional study was to quantify the potential presence of muscle weakness among patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG). The influence of gender, treatment intensity and disease duration on muscle strength and disease progression was also assessed. METHODS: Muscle strength was tested in 8 muscle groups by manual muscle testing and by hand-held dynamometry in 107 patients with gMG and 89 healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646108/assessment-and-predictors-of-physical-functioning-post-hospital-discharge-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#15
Kevin J Solverson, Christopher Grant, Christopher J Doig
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of physical functioning after critical illness have been mostly limited to survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess muscle strength and physical functioning in survivors of critical illness from a general ICU and the associations of these measures to health-related quality of life (HRQL), mental health and critical illness variables. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 56 patients admitted to a medical ICU (length of stay ≥4 days) from April 1, 2009, and March 31, 2010...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500450/hand-held-dynamometry-strength-measures-for-internal-and-external-rotation-demonstrate-superior-reliability-lower-minimal-detectable-change-and-higher-correlation-to-isokinetic-dynamometry-than-externally-fixed-dynamometry-of-the-shoulder
#16
K L Holt, D P Raper, C E Boettcher, G S Waddington, M K Drew
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter and intra-rater reliability of hand held (HHD) and externally fixed (EFD) dynamometry for shoulder internal (IR) and external rotation (ER) strength and their correlation to isokinetic testing. DESIGN: Within participant, inter and intra-rater reliability study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty active, healthy male and female participants underwent testing by two examiners. OUTCOME MEASURES: Intra-class coefficients (ICC), percentage standard error of measurement (%SEM), and percentage minimal detectable change (%MDC) were calculated for inter-rater, intra-day and intra-rater, inter-week reliability...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476066/intrarater-reliability-of-hand-held-dynamometry-in-measuring-lower-extremity-isometric-strength-using-a-portable-stabilization-device
#17
Steven M Jackson, M Samuel Cheng, A Russell Smith, Morey J Kolber
Hand held dynamometry (HHD) is a more objective way to quantify muscle force production (MP) compared to traditional manual muscle testing. HHD reliability can be negatively impacted by both the strength of the tester and the subject particularly in the lower extremities due to larger muscle groups. The primary aim of this investigation was to assess intrarater reliability of HHD with use of a portable stabilization device for lower extremity MP in an athletic population. Isometric lower extremity strength was measured for bilateral lower extremities including hip abductors, external rotators, adductors, knee extensors, and ankle plantar flexors was measured in a sample of healthy recreational runners (8 male, 7 females, = 30 limbs) training for a marathon...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473653/the-reliability-of-a-maximal-isometric-hip-strength-and-simultaneous-surface-emg-screening-protocol-in-elite-junior-rugby-league-athletes
#18
Paula C Charlton, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Alison Grimaldi, Yong-Hao Pua, Ross A Clark
OBJECTIVES: Firstly to describe the reliability of assessing maximal isometric strength of the hip abductor and adductor musculature using a hand held dynamometry (HHD) protocol with simultaneous wireless surface electromyographic (sEMG) evaluation of the gluteus medius (GM) and adductor longus (AL). Secondly, to describe the correlation between isometric strength recorded with the HHD protocol and a laboratory standard isokinetic device. DESIGN: Reliability and correlational study...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460348/cross-sectional-retrospective-study-of-muscle-function-in-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-type-iii
#19
Valérie Decostre, Pascal Laforêt, Aleksandra Nadaj-Pakleza, Marie De Antonio, Sylvain Leveugle, Gwenn Ollivier, Aurélie Canal, Kahina Kachetel, François Petit, Bruno Eymard, Anthony Behin, Karim Wahbi, Philippe Labrune, Jean-Yves Hogrel
Glycogen storage disease type III is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by liver and muscle impairment. This study aimed to identify promising muscle function measures for future studies on natural disease progression and therapeutic trials. The age-effect on the manual muscle testing (MMT), the hand-held dynamometry (HHD), the motor function measure (MFM) and the Purdue pegboard test was evaluated by regression analysis in a cross-sectional retrospective single site study. In patients aged between 13 and 56 years old, the Purdue pegboard test and dynamometry of key pinch and knee extension strength were age-sensitive with annual losses of 1...
September 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385750/quantitative-strength-testing-in-als-clinical-trials
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeremy M Shefner, Dawei Liu, Melanie L Leitner, David Schoenfeld, Donald R Johns, Toby Ferguson, Merit Cudkowicz
OBJECTIVE: To study the attributes of quantitative strength testing using hand-held dynamometry (HHD) as an efficacy measure in 2 large phase 3 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) trials. METHODS: In the phase 3 trials of ceftriaxone and dexpramipexole, 513 and 943 patients, respectively, were enrolled in double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials with planned follow-up of at least 1 year. Patients were studied every 3 months in the ceftriaxone study and every 2 months in the dexpramipexole study...
August 9, 2016: Neurology
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