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Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514317/impact-of-age-on-short-term-outcomes-of-liver-surgery-lessons-learned-in-10-years-experience-in-a-tertiary-referral-hepato-pancreato-biliary-center
#1
Andrea Ruzzenente, Simone Conci, Andrea Ciangherotti, Tommaso Campagnaro, Alessandro Valdegamberi, Francesca Bertuzzo, Fabio Bagante, Guido Mantovani, Michela De Angelis, Adriano E Dorna, Marco Piccino, Corrado Pedrazzani, Alfredo Guglielmi, Calogero Iacono
We investigate the surgical outcomes of patients undergoing hepatectomy according to different age intervals, identify the clinical factors related to surgical outcomes, and propose clinical risk scores for severe morbidity and mortality based on the clinical factors.Eight hundred three patients undergoing liver resection were divided into 3 groups: young patients (YP), <65 years (n = 387), elderly patients (EP), from 65 to 74 years (n = 279); very-elderly patients (VEP), ≥75 years (n = 137)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513820/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-acute-pancreatitis-hepato-pancreato-biliary-operations-and-liver-transplantation
#2
Alexsander K Bressan, Chad G Ball
Intra-abdominal hypertension, even preceding the onset of abdominal compartment syndrome, is still recognized as an adverse prognostic factor. Unfortunately, most of the current supporting evidence within the critical care environment remains observational in nature. In acute pancreatitis, an active role for intra-abdominal hypertension early in the disease process follows a strong intuitive basis, and it is corroborated by preliminary evidence from animal models. Additional studies are needed to better characterize the optimal fluid resuscitation strategy, as well as the importance of intra-abdominal hypertension as an early therapeutic target...
May 17, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441857/-clinical-exploratory-application-of-robotic-resection-of-tumor-in-segment-%C3%A2-a-report-for-7-cases
#3
Y Y Song, R Liu, G D Zhao, W B Tang, M G Hu, C G Li
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and security of robotic resection of tumor in segment Ⅷ primarily. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 7 patients who underwent robotic resection of tumor in segment Ⅷ using daVinci robotic system in the Department of Hepato-pancreato-biliary Surgical Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital from June 2016 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The lesion size, the tumor malignance degree mean operation time, intraoperative blood loss and the rate of conversion to laparotomy, postoperative hospital stay, mobidity and motality of all the 7 patients were collected...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404076/perioperative-analgesia-in-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery
#4
Stephen J Wigmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404067/continuous-wound-infiltration-versus-epidural-analgesia-after-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-pop-up-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#5
Timothy H Mungroop, Denise P Veelo, Olivier R Busch, Susan van Dieren, Thomas M van Gulik, Tom M Karsten, Steve M de Castro, Marc B Godfried, Bram Thiel, Markus W Hollmann, Philipp Lirk, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is the international standard for pain treatment in abdominal surgery. Although some studies have advocated continuous wound infiltration with local anaesthetics, robust evidence is lacking, especially on patient-reported outcome measures. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of continuous wound infiltration in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. METHODS: In this randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority trial (POP-UP), we enrolled adult patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery by subcostal or midline laparotomy in two Dutch hospitals...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371248/randomized-controlled-trial-of-perioperative-antimicrobial-therapy-based-on-the-results-of-preoperative-bile-cultures-in-patients-undergoing-biliary-reconstruction
#6
Kunishige Okamura, Kimitaka Tanaka, Takumi Miura, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Takehiro Noji, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
BACKGROUND: The high frequency of surgical site infections (SSIs) after hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is a problem that needs to be addressed. This prospective, randomized, controlled study examined whether perioperative prophylactic use of antibiotics based on preoperative bile culture results in HPB surgery could decrease SSI. METHODS: Participants comprised 126 patients who underwent HPB (bile duct, gallbladder, ampullary, or pancreatic) cancer surgery with biliary reconstruction at Hokkaido University Hospital between August 2008 and March 2013 (UMIN Clinical Trial Registry #00001278)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290711/visualising-a-rare-and-complex-case-of-advanced-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#7
Jia Qu, Albert Fung, Paul Kelly, Gordon Tait, Paul D Greig, Anne Agur, Ian D McGilvray, Jodie Jenkinson
The Toronto Video Atlas of Liver, Pancreas, Biliary, and Transplant Surgery (TVASurg) is a free online library of three-dimensional (3D) animation-enhanced surgical videos, designed to instruct surgical fellows in hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) and transplant procedures. The video 'Klatskin tumours: Extended left hepatectomy with complex portal vein reconstruction and in situ cold perfusion of the liver', which is available to watch at http://TVASurg.ca , is a unique and valuable visual resource for surgeons in training to assist them in learning this rare procedure...
January 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261699/effect-of-polylactic-film-surgi-wrap-on-preventing-postoperative-ileus-after-major-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery
#8
Chang Hyung Lee, Hongbeom Kim, In Woong Han, Suh Min Kim, Beom Seok Kwak, Yong Hae Baik, Young Jin Park, Min Gu Oh
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Major hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is usually performed via an open method rather than a laparoscopic method. Postoperative ileus (POI) is a classic complication after open surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether polylactic film is useful in the prevention of POI. METHODS: A total of 179 patients who underwent major HPB surgery between 2005 and 2014, were retrospectively reviewed. A diagnosis of POI was made by a physical examination, laboratory, and radiological findings...
November 2016: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215904/worldwide-survey-on-opinions-and-use-of-minimally-invasive-pancreatic-resection
#9
Jony van Hilst, Thijs de Rooij, Mohammed Abu Hilal, Horacio J Asbun, Jeffrey Barkun, Uggo Boggi, Olivier R Busch, Kevin C P Conlon, Marcel G Dijkgraaf, Ho-Seong Han, Paul D Hansen, Michael L Kendrick, Andre L Montagnini, Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Bård I Røsok, Shailesh V Shrikhande, Go Wakabayashi, Herbert J Zeh, Charles M Vollmer, David A Kooby, Marc G H Besselink
BACKGROUND: The introduction of minimally invasive pancreatic resection (MIPR) into surgical practice has been slow. The worldwide utilization of MIPR and attitude towards future perspectives of MIPR remains unknown. METHODS: An anonymous survey on MIPR was sent to the members of six international associations of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary (HPB) surgery. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 435 surgeons from 50 countries, with each surgeon performing a median of 22 (IQR 12-40) pancreatic resections annually...
March 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110832/identifying-key-outcome-metrics-in-pancreatic-surgery-and-how-to-optimally-achieve-them
#10
EDITORIAL
Claudio Bassi, Stefano Andrianello
BACKGROUND: Indicators of effectiveness and quality of care are of greatest importance in gauging the direct benefit of a new surgical technique, such as minimally-invasive pancreatic resections, when being compared with established approaches. METHODS: Current expert opinion on minimally-invasive pancreatic resection (MIPR) was presented at the first MIPR state of the art conference during 12th world congress of the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association...
January 16, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894845/thromboelastography-demonstrates-perioperative-hypercoagulability-in-hepato-pancreato-biliary-patients-and-supports-routine-administration-of-preoperative-and-early-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-chemoprophylaxis
#11
Anh-Thu Le, Jennifer W Harris, Erin Maynard, Sean P Dineen, Ching-Wei D Tzeng
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery patients are more likely to be hypercoagulable than hypocoagulable, and that bleeding risks from VTE chemoprophylaxis are low. This study sought to use thromboelastography (TEG) to compare coagulation profiles with bleeding/thrombotic events in HPB patients receiving standardized perioperative chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing HPB resections by three surgeons at one institution (January 2014-December 2015) received preoperative and early postoperative VTE chemoprophylaxis and were evaluated with TEGs...
February 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885893/tumor-vessel-relationships-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-at-multidetector-ct-different-classification-systems-and-their-influence-on-treatment-planning
#12
Ahmed M Zaky, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss, Ammar A Javed, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a challenge, given its propensity for early systemic spread and growth into the adjacent vital vascular structures. With the advent of newer surgical techniques and chemoradiation therapies, multidetector computed tomography (CT) plays a crucial role in the identification of patients with borderline resectable disease who may benefit from such treatments. Stage III PDAC is divided into two categories-locally advanced, defined by arterial encasement or nonreconstructible portovenous axis involvement; and borderline resectable, defined by limited arterial involvement and/or reconstructible portovenous involvement...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766758/training-in-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-during-residency-past-present-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Martin de Santibañes, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
The paradigm introduced by William Halsted for surgical residency training has been considered the most appropriate educational system to acquire the knowledge and surgical skills required to become a competent general surgeon. Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is considered an important part of general surgery training because of its high prevalence and complexity. Nowadays, we are faced with a worldwide shortage of general surgeons candidates, restrictive working hours and less surgical exposure, situations that can undermine the objectives of training in HPB surgery during residency...
December 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756258/development-of-oxy111a-a-novel-hypoxia-modifier-as-a-potential-antitumor-agent-in-patients-with-hepato-pancreato-biliary-neoplasms-protocol-of-a-first-ib-iia-clinical-trial
#14
Perparim Limani, Michael Linecker, Philipp Kron, Panagiotis Samaras, Bernhard Pestalozzi, Roger Stupp, Alexander Jetter, Philipp Dutkowski, Beat Müllhaupt, Andrea Schlegel, Claude Nicolau, Jean-Marie Lehn, Henrik Petrowsky, Bostjan Humar, Rolf Graf, Pierre-Alain Clavien
BACKGROUND: Solid tumors, such as hepato-pancreato-biliary cancer, develop tumor hypoxia with tumor growth. Despite advances in surgery, a majority of these patients are in an unresectable condition. At this stage standard cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens are applied with limited success. Novel biological treatment options based on an antiangiogenic mechanism of action neglect other hypoxia mediated mechanisms (e.g. epithelial-mesenchymal transition, Warburg effect, and immunological response) leading to an increased invasiveness with a poor outcome...
October 19, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687623/preoperative-6-minute-walk-distance-accurately-predicts-postoperative-complications-after%C3%A2-operations-for-hepato-pancreato-biliary-cancer
#15
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Hiroki Nakajima, Masato Nagino, Takayuki Inoue, Motoki Nagaya, Keiko Hattori, Izumi Kadono, Satoru Ito, Yoshihiro Nishida
BACKGROUND: Operation for hepato-pancreato-biliary cancer is among the most invasive open abdominal operations, with a high postoperative morbidity and mortality rate. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether a preoperative 6-minute walk distance can predict major postoperative complications after operation for hepato-pancreato-biliary diseases. METHODS: A total of 81 participants who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection, or hepatopancreatoduodenectomy were included...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640098/a-retrospective-analysis-of-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hepatic-resection-for-large-5%C3%A2-cm-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Hong-Chuan Zhao, Ruo-Lin Wu, Fu-Bao Liu, Yi-Jun Zhao, Guo-Bin Wang, Zhi-Gong Zhang, Fan Huang, Kun Xie, Xiao-Ping Geng
AIM: The treatment of large (>5 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to report short and long term outcomes and analyze the factors associated with long term survival for patients who underwent hepatic resection for large HCC. METHODS: All patients who underwent hepatic resection for large HCC at the department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between August 2005 and December 2011 were identified and included for analysis...
November 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585922/surgical-treatment-of-hepato-pancreato-biliary-disease-in-china-the-tongji-experience
#17
REVIEW
Binhao Zhang, Wei Dong, Hongping Luo, Xuanru Zhu, Lin Chen, Changhai Li, Peng Zhu, Wei Zhang, Shuai Xiang, Wanguang Zhang, Zhiyong Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) tumors are common in China. However, these tumors are often diagnosed at intermediate/ advanced stages because of the lack of a systemic surveillance program in China. This situation creates many technical challenges for surgeons and increases the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, Dr. Xiao-Ping Chen has made many important technical improvements, such as Chen's hepatic portal occlusion method, the anterior approach for liver resection of large HCC tumors, the modified technique of Belghiti's liver-hanging maneuver, inserting biliary-enteric anastomosis technique, and invaginated pancreaticojujunostomy with transpancreatic U-sutures...
October 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383568/outcome-and-learning-curve-in-159-consecutive-patients-undergoing-total-laparoscopic-hemihepatectomy
#18
Marcel J van der Poel, Marc G Besselink, Federica Cipriani, Thomas Armstrong, Arjun S Takhar, Susan van Dieren, John N Primrose, Neil W Pearce, Mohammad Abu Hilal
Importance: Widespread implementation of laparoscopic hemihepatectomy is currently limited by its technical difficulty, paucity of training opportunities, and perceived long and harmful learning curve. Studies confirming the possibility of a short and safe learning curve for laparoscopic hemihepatectomy could potentially benefit the further implementation of the technique. Objective: To evaluate the extent and safety of the learning curve for laparoscopic hemihepatectomy...
July 6, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305417/ambulatory-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-is-safe-and-cost-effective-a-brazilian-single-center-experience
#19
Uirá Fernandes Teixeira, Marcos Bertozzi Goldoni, Mayara Christ Machry, Pedro Ney Ceccon, Paulo Roberto Ott Fontes, Fábio Luiz Waechter
BACKGROUND: - Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for gallstone disease, and has been perfomed as an outpatient surgery in many Institutions over the last few years. OBJECTIVE: - This is a retrospective study of a single center in Brazil, that aims to analyze the outcomes of 200 cases of ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed by the same Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary team, evaluating the safety and cost-effectiveness of the method. METHODS: - Two hundred consecutive patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were retrospectively analyzed; some of them underwent additional procedures, as liver biopsies and abdominal hernias repair...
April 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261244/creating-an-animation-enhanced-video-library-of-hepato-pancreato-biliary-and-transplantation-surgical-procedures
#20
Albert Fung, Paul Kelly, Gordon Tait, Paul D Greig, Ian D McGilvray
The potential for integrating real-time surgical video and state-of-the art animation techniques has not been widely applied to surgical education. This paper describes the use of new technology for creating videos of liver, pancreas and transplant surgery, annotating them with 3D animations, resulting in a freely-accessible online resource: The Toronto Video Atlas of Liver, Pancreas and Transplant Surgery ( http://tvasurg.ca ). The atlas complements the teaching provided to trainees in the operating room, and the techniques described in this study can be readily adapted by other surgical training programmes...
January 2016: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
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