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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346655/high-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-patients-with-inflammatory-skin-diseases
#1
K Al-Jefri, D Newbury-Birch, C R Muirhead, E Gilvarry, V Araújo-Soares, N J Reynolds, E Kaner, P J Hampton
BACKGROUND: There is a known association between psoriasis and heavy alcohol consumption. Causality remains unclear with evidence supporting both alcohol triggering psoriasis and psoriasis predisposing to heavy alcohol consumption. However, the association between heavy alcohol consumption and other inflammatory skin diseases remains to be defined. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of heavy drinking using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in patients with inflammatory skin disease...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345858/enhanced-absorption-performance-of-carbon-nanostructure-based-metamaterials-and-tuning-impedance-matching-behavior-by-an-external-ac-electric-field
#2
Reza Gholipur, Zahra Khorshidi, Ali Bahari
Metamaterials have surprisingly broadened the range of available practical applications in new devices such as shielding, microwave absorbing, and novel antenna. More researches are related to the tuning DNG frequency bands of ordered or disordered metamaterials, and far less research has focused on the importance of impedance matching behavior, and is not effort and attention in adjusting the magnitude of negative permittivity values. This is particularly important if devices deal with low amplitude signals such as radio or TV antenna...
March 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345782/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-predictor-of-postoperative-respiratory-adverse-events-after-adenotonsillectomy
#3
Betul Kozanhan, Mehmet S Iyisoy
BACKGROUND: Respiratory adverse events are commonly observed after adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Preoperative prediction of these events enhances quality of care and resource management in facilities while encouraging precautions against them. Red cell distribution width, a measure of erythrocyte size variability, has recently been linked to adverse outcomes in a variety of disorders. Red cell distribution width has also been found to be associated with severity of obstructive sleep apnea in adults due to hypoxia-mediated inflammation...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#4
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345388/cortisol-levels-in-fingernails-neurocognitive-performance-and-clinical-variables-in-euthymic-bipolar-i-disorder
#5
Andres Herane-Vives, Anthony J Cleare, Chin-Kuo Chang, Valeria de Angel, Andrew Papadopoulos, Susanne Fischer, Rozmin Halari, Eric Y W Cheung, Allan H Young
OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive impairment has been found in bipolar patients. Hypercortisolemia is one possible cause but there has been no agreement on this. Previous sampling methods assessed only acute cortisol levels, whereas the association between cortisol and psychopathology might be better understood by investigating chronic levels. Fingernails are a novel method for measuring chronic cortisol concentration (CCC). Here, we measured CCC in euthymic bipolar disorder I (BD-I) patients and healthy controls using fingernails to investigate whether differences in CCC influenced neurocognitive performance...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345210/geographic-disparities-in-availability-of-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-for-medicaid-enrollees
#6
Amanda J Abraham, Christina M Andrews, Marissa E Yingling, Jerry Shannon
OBJECTIVE: To examine county-level geographic variation in treatment admissions among opioid treatment programs (OTPs) that accept Medicaid in the continental United States. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data come from the 2012 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services. STUDY DESIGN/DATA COLLECTION: We used local measures of spatial autocorrelation (LISA) analysis to identify (1) clusters of counties with higher and lower than average rates of opioid use disorders and (2) clusters of counties with higher and lower than average treatment admissions among OTPs that accept Medicaid, adjusting for county population size...
March 27, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344449/the-effects-of-3-weeks-of-uphill-and-downhill-walking-on-blood-lipids-and-glucose-metabolism-in-pre-diabetic-men-a-pilot-study
#7
Marc Philippe, Hannes Gatterer, Erika Maria Eder, Alexander Dzien, Matthias Somavilla, Andreas Melmer, Christoph Ebenbichler, Tom Müller, Martin Burtscher
The prevention of type 2 diabetes in persons at risk for diabetes is of utmost importance. Physical activity in general and even exercises at moderate intensities such as walking significantly reduce the risk of the development of type 2 diabetes. However, it is still a matter of debate whether lipids and glucose metabolism are differently affected by regular concentric (e.g., uphill walking) and eccentric (e.g., downhill walking) endurance exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term (3 weeks) uphill and downhill walking on glucose metabolism and blood lipids in pre-diabetic middle-aged men in a real world setting...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343830/fall-risk-score-at-the-time-of-discharge-predicts-readmission-following-total-joint-arthroplasty
#8
Bheeshma Ravi, Zhang Nan, Adam J Schwartz, Henry D Clarke
BACKGROUND: Readmission among Medicare recipients is a leading driver of healthcare expenditure. To date, most predictive tools are too coarse for direct clinical application. Our objective in this study is to determine if a pre-existing tool to identify patients at increased risk for inpatient falls, the Hendrich Fall Risk Score, could be used to accurately identify Medicare patients at increased risk for readmission following arthroplasty, regardless of whether the readmission was due to a fall...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342730/the-association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-depression-and-mental-well-being-among-u-s-adults
#9
Rachel S Bergmans, Kristen M Malecki
Current treatment for depression is not considered effective among all cases and, thus far, nutritional protocols are minimal within depression treatment guidelines. Recently, there has been increasing interest in a possible protective and modifiable role of diet in common mental disorders, including depression, due to pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of nutrients. This study aims to investigate whether the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), designed to estimate the inflammatory potential of diet, is associated with depression and other measures of mental health...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342634/-prevalence-trends-of-high-risk-of-mental-disorders-in-the-spanish-adult-population-2006-2012
#10
Virginia Basterra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity in the Spanish adult population and its changes between 2006 and 2012. METHODS: Data from 47,905 participants obtained from the National Health Surveys in 2006 and 2012 were used. Mental health status was assessed with the General Health Questionnaire score. Adjusted logistic regression models were fitted. RESULTS: The prevalence of high risk of psychiatric morbidity was 20...
March 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342168/bone-mass-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Chadi A Calarge, Janet A Schlechte
To examine bone mass in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Risperidone-treated 5 to 17 year-old males underwent anthropometric and bone measurements, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Multivariable linear regression analysis models examined whether skeletal outcomes differed among participants with (n = 30) versus without ASD (n = 156). After adjusting for potential covariates, having ASD was associated with significantly lower trabecular bone mineral density and bone strength at the radius, and with marginally lower total body less head bone mineral content (p < 0...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342163/brief-report-sexual-attraction-and-relationships-in-adolescents-with-autism
#12
Tamara May, Ken C Pang, Katrina Williams
Past research suggests more variation in sexual attraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using clinical samples. This study utilised a population representative group of 14/15 year olds from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Ninety-four adolescents (73 males, 21 females) with ASD and 3454 (1685 males, 1675 females) without self-reported on sexual attraction and past sexual relationships. Females with ASD reported lower rates of heterosexual preference (adjusted odds ratio: 0.14, p < ...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342139/exploring-the-link-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-inflammation-related-medical-conditions-an-epidemiological-examination
#13
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen
There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341719/brain-perivascular-spaces-as-biomarkers-of-vascular-risk-results-from-the-northern-manhattan-study
#14
J Gutierrez, M S V Elkind, C Dong, M Di Tullio, T Rundek, R L Sacco, C B Wright
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dilated perivascular spaces in the brain are associated with greater arterial pulsatility. We hypothesized that perivascular spaces identify individuals at higher risk for systemic and cerebral vascular events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke-free participants in the population-based Northern Manhattan Study had brain MR imaging performed and were followed for myocardial infarction, any stroke, and death. Imaging analyses distinguished perivascular spaces from lesions presumably ischemic...
March 24, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341039/cognitive-impairment-and-bdnf-serum-levels
#15
Joanna Siuda, Maja Patalong-Ogiewa, Weronika Żmuda, Magdalena Targosz-Gajniak, Ewa Niewiadomska, Iwona Matuszek, Halina Jędrzejowska-Szypułka, Monika Rudzińska-Bar
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the alterations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF) serum levels in subjects with different intensity of cognitive impairment and different neurodegenerative processes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum BDNF levels were analyzed by ELISA kit in 378 subjects: 134 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 115 amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 129 controls divided into two groups: neurodegenerative control group (ND), consisting of 49 Parkinson's disease patients without any cognitive complaints, and cognitively normal control group (CN), consisting of 80 subjects without any neurological disorders...
January 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340581/does-psychological-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-bullying-involvement-and-weight-loss-preoccupation-in-adolescents-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying is associated with a range of adversities for those who are bullied i.e., victims and bully-victims (e.g., those who bully others and get victimised), including reduced psychological functioning and eating disorder symptoms. Bullies are generally well-adjusted psychologically, but previous research suggests that bullies may also engage in problematic diet behaviours. This study investigates a) whether adolescents involved in bullying (bullies, victims, bully-victims) are at increased risk of weight loss preoccupation, b) whether psychological functioning mediates this relationship and c) whether sex is a key moderator...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340168/young-children-s-acute-stress-after-a-burn-injury-disentangling-the-role-of-injury-severity-and-parental-acute-stress
#17
Ann-Christin Haag, Markus A Landolt
 Although injury severity and parental stress are strong predictors of posttraumatic adjustment in young children after burns, little is known about the interplay of these variables. This study aimed at clarifying mediation processes between injury severity and mother's, father's, and young child's acute stress.   Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between injury severity and parental and child acute stress. Parents of 138 burn-injured children (ages 1-4 years) completed standardized questionnaires on average 19 days postinjury...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#18
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339935/nephrotoxicity-of-anticancer-treatment
#19
Jolanta Malyszko, Klaudia Kozlowska, Leszek Kozlowski, Jacek Malyszko
Severe adverse systemic drug events occur commonly as a result of treatment of cancer patients. Nephrotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents remains a significant complication limiting the efficacy of the treatment. A variety of renal disease and electrolyte disorders can result from the drugs that are used to treat malignant disease. The kidneys are a major elimination pathway for many antineoplastic drugs and their metabolites. Tumour lysis syndrome, an emergency in haematooncology, occurs most often after the initiation of cytotoxic therapy in patients with high-grade lymphomas and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia...
October 6, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339518/pain-interference-and-incident-medical-disorders-in-the-general-population
#20
Declan T Barry, Corey E Pilver Glenn, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza
Objective. : To investigate the longitudinal relationship between pain interference and incident general medical conditions in a nationally representative sample. Methods. : Secondary data analysis comprising chi-square tests and binomial logistic regression analyses were performed on data obtained from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions from 34,465 adult respondents who completed wave 1 (2000-2001) and wave 2 (2004-2005) data collection...
October 20, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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