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Adjustment Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352590/allergic-proctocolitis-is-a-risk-factor-for-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#1
Giovanni Di Nardo, Cesare Cremon, Simone Frediani, Sandra Lucarelli, Maria Pia Villa, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Giuseppe La Torre, Luigi Martemucci, Giovanni Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that allergic proctocolitis, a cause of self-limiting rectal bleeding in infants, can predispose to the development of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) later in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: We studied a cohort of 80 consecutive patients diagnosed with allergic proctocolitis. Their sibling or matched children presenting to the same hospital for minor trauma served as controls. Parents of the patients with allergic proctocolitis and controls participated in a telephone interview every 12 months until the child was at least 4 years old...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352093/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-independently-predicts-increased-cardiovascular-risk-after-myocardial-infarction
#2
Jiang Xie, Fatima H Sert Kuniyoshi, Naima Covassin, Prachi Singh, Apoor S Gami, C Anwar A Chahal, Virend K Somers
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), a common symptom among patients with sleep-disordered breathing, is closely associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, but its long-term prognostic value is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EDS would be an independent prognostic factor after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively recruited 112 post-myocardial infarction patients. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale was completed before polysomnography, and EDS was defined as a score ≥11...
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351810/identify-down-syndrome-transcriptome-associations-using-integrative-analysis-of-microarray-database-and-correlation-interaction-network
#3
Min Chen, Jiayan Wang, Yingjun Luo, Kailing Huang, Xiaoshun Shi, Yanhui Liu, Jin Li, Zhengfei Lai, Shuya Xue, Haimei Gao, Allen Chen, Dunjin Chen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have previously been emerged as key players in a series of biological processes. Dysregulation of lncRNA is correlated to human diseases including neurological disorders. Here, we developed a multi-step bioinformatics analysis to study the functions of a particular Down syndrome-associated gene DSCR9 including the lncRNAs. The method is named correlation-interaction-network (COIN), based on which a pipeline is implemented. Co-expression gene network analysis and biological network analysis results are presented...
January 19, 2018: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351757/major-depressive-disorder-and-access-to-health-services-among-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-vancouver-canada
#4
Tara Beaulieu, Lianping Ti, M-J Milloy, Ekaterina Nosova, Evan Wood, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: People who use illicit drugs (PWUD) are commonly diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, little is known about whether PWUD living with MDD experience additional barriers to accessing health services compared to those without MDD. We sought to identify whether MDD symptoms were associated with perceived barriers to accessing health services among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were collected through prospective cohorts of PWUD in Vancouver, Canada between 2005 and 2016...
January 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#5
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349929/severity-of-cognitive-disability-and-mental-health-court-determinations-about-fitness-to-stand-trial
#6
J T Young, F J Davis, S Wardale, M Vassos, K van Dooren, K Nankervis, N G Lennox
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the socio-demographic, clinical and legal determinants of mental health court decisions of unsoundness of mind and unfitness to stand trial for people with cognitive disability. We aimed to estimate the association between severity of cognitive disability and mental health court determinations of unsoundness or unfitness and describe the socio-demographic, clinical and legal factors that predict these determinations. METHODS: Case file data were extracted on 92 individuals who had a criminal case referred to the Queensland Mental Health Court between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014 due to cognitive disability...
February 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349623/the-association-between-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-hypertensive-disorders-in-t2dm-patients-a-case-control-study-in-the-han-chinese-population
#7
Yajing Han, Lihong Nie, Xiaohong Ye, Zixing Zhou, Shiqi Huang, Chengli Zeng, Congcong Guo, Meiling Ou, Di Xiao, Baohuan Zhang, Chuican Huang, Xingguang Ye, Chunxia Jing, Guang Yang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global health problem. The rate of infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is more than one-third of the total world population. The effects of T. gondii infection on the risk of diabetic complications and comorbidities are unclear. This study aims to determine the relationship between T. gondii infection and complications of T2DM in the Han Chinese population. We collected 1580 blood samples from T2DM patients and measured the levels of specific IgG antibodies against T...
January 18, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349245/mental-health-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-the-gendered-role-of-migration-paths-and-transnational-ties
#8
Julie Pannetier, France Lert, Marie Jauffret Roustide, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
In Europe, migrants are at higher risk of common mental disorders or psychological distress than are natives. Little is known regarding the social determinants of migrant mental health, particularly the roles played by migration conditions and transnational practices, which may manifest themselves in different ways for men and for women. The goal of this paper was to understand the gendered roles of migration paths and transnational ties in mental health among sub-Saharan African migrants residing in the Paris, France, metropolitan area...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349232/health-and-well-being-at-work-the-key-role-of-supervisor-support
#9
Oliver Hämmig
This study aims to explore whether and in what way social support from different sources and domains makes an additional or different and independent contribution to various health and work-related outcomes. Cross-sectional data were used from an employee survey among the workforces of four service companies from different industries in Switzerland. The study sample covered 5,877 employees of working age. The lack of social support from a spouse, relatives, friends, direct supervisors, closest colleagues at work and other co-workers in case of problems at work and at home were assessed and studied individually and jointly as risk factors with respect to a total number of eight outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349216/family-of-origin-and-educational-inequalities-in-mortality-results-from-1-7-million-swedish-siblings
#10
Laust H Mortensen, Jenny Torssander
Circumstances in the family of origin have short- and long-term consequences for people's health. Family background also influences educational achievements - achievements that are clearly linked to various health outcomes. Utilizing population register data, we compared Swedish siblings with different levels of education (1,732,119 individuals within 662,095 sibships) born between 1934 and 1959 and followed their death records until the end of 2012 (167,932 deaths). The educational gradient in all-cause mortality was lower within sibships than in the population as a whole, an attenuation that was strongest at younger ages (< 50 years of age) and for those with a working class or farmer background...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348532/amygdala-orbitofrontal-structural-and-functional-connectivity-in-females-with-anxiety-disorders-with-and-without-a-history-of-conduct-disorder
#11
Philip Lindner, Pär Flodin, Peter Larm, Meenal Budhiraja, Ivanka Savic-Berglund, Jussi Jokinen, Jari Tiihonen, Sheilagh Hodgins
Conduct disorder (CD) and anxiety disorders (ADs) are often comorbid and both are characterized by hyper-sensitivity to threat, and reduced structural and functional connectivity between the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Previous studies of CD have not taken account of ADs nor directly compared connectivity in the two disorders. We examined three groups of young women: 23 presenting CD and lifetime AD; 30 presenting lifetime AD and not CD; and 17 with neither disorder (ND). Participants completed clinical assessments and diffusion-weighted and resting-state functional MRI scans...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346785/impulsivity-and-saliva-cortisol-in-patients-with-suicide-attempt-and-controls
#12
Ute Lewitzka, Michael Bauer, Bettina Ripke, Thomas Bronisch, Lydia Günther
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to prove concepts in the characterization of suicidal patients and the possible usefulness of those markers to potentially identify patients with a higher risk for suicidality. METHODS: Patients with a recent suicide attempt were compared with patients suffering from depression, adjustment disorder, anxiety, or eating disorders without suicidality, healthy controls and remitted patients with a history of at least 1 suicide attempt (≥1 year)...
January 18, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345848/economic-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-binge-eating-disorder
#13
Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Stephan Herpertz, Tony Lam, Andreas Mayr, Frauke Schmidt, Jennifer Svaldi, Stephan Zipfel, Christian Brettschneider, Anja Hilbert, Martina de Zwaan, Nina Egger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of individual face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to therapist guided Internet-based self-help (GSH-I) in overweight or obese adults with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Analysis was conducted alongside the multicenter randomized controlled INTERBED trial. CBT (n = 76) consisted of up to 20 individual therapy sessions over 4 months. GSH-I (n = 71) consisted of 11 modules combining behavioral interventions, exercises including a self-monitoring food diary, psychoeducation, and 2 face-to-face coaching sessions over 4 months...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343261/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-and-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#14
Qian Chen, Rong Huang, Li Hua, Yifeng Guo, Lisu Huang, Yanjun Zhao, Xia Wang, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been reported to suppress immune function. However, previous studies on prenatal exposure to PFASs and allergic disorders in offspring provided inconsistent results. We aimed to examine the association between prenatal exposure to PFASs and childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) in offspring up to 24 months of age. METHODS: A prospective birth cohort study involving 1056 pregnant women was conducted in two hospitals in Shanghai from 2012 to 2015...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343227/associations-among-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-risk-of-autism-in-the-han-chinese-population
#15
Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao, Jianjun Ou
BACKGROUND: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current study explores the associations among maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG and the risk of autism in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: Demographic information, a basic medical history and information regarding maternal pre-pregnancy and pregnancy conditions were collected from the parents of 705 Han Chinese children with autism and 2236 unrelated typically developing children...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343226/binge-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-among-females-of-child-bearing-age-the-korea-nurses-health-study
#16
O Kim, M S Kim, J Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. METHODS: Participants were 7,267 female nurses, of which 502 had symptoms of BED...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343077/delayed-onset-of-sleep-in-adolescents-with-pax6-haploinsufficiency
#17
Alyson E Hanish, Joan C Han
OBJECTIVE: PAX6 haploinsufficiency ( +/-) can occur due to mutations involving only PAX6 in patients with isolated aniridia or as contiguous gene deletions in patients with Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and range of developmental and intellectual disabilities syndrome. Given the role of PAX6 in pineal development and circadian regulation, adolescents with PAX6+/- may experience sleep-wake disturbances. The purpose of this observational study was to explore sleep-related phenotypes in adolescents with PAX6+/-...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341195/association-between-circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-psoriasis-and-correlation-with-disease-severity-a-meta-analysis
#18
Y H Lee, G G Song
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory skin disorder. 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency may contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis through reduction in antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic activities. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between circulating 25(OH)D levels and psoriasis, and to determine the correlation between serum/plasma 25(OH)D levels and psoriasis severity. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis to compare serum/plasma 25(OH)D levels between patients with psoriasis and healthy controls (HCs), and to determine the correlation coefficients between circulating 25(OH)D levels and psoriasis severity as assessed by Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340677/association-of-bariatric-surgery-using-laparoscopic-banding-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-usual-care-obesity-management-with-all-cause-mortality
#19
Orna Reges, Philip Greenland, Dror Dicker, Morton Leibowitz, Moshe Hoshen, Ilan Gofer, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Ran D Balicer
Importance: Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. Objective: To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#20
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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