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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930378/the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Mina Amiri, Raziyeh Bidhendi Yarandi, Mahsa Noroozzadeh, Maryam Farahmand, Marziyeh Rostami Dovom, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common heterogeneous endocrine disorder associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide the most reliable estimate risk of MetS in women with PCOS, compared to healthy controls. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed [including Medline], Web of Science and Scopus databases for retrieving articles in English language on the prevalence/incidence and odds of MetS in women with PCOS compared to healthy controls...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930061/promoting-adoption-of-medication-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-through-system-change
#2
James H Ford, Amanda J Abraham, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Raina Croff, Kim A Hoffman, Kelly Alanis-Hirsch, Mady Chalk, Laura Schmidt, Dennis McCarty
OBJECTIVE: The Medication Research Partnership (MRP), a collaboration between a national commercial health plan and nine addiction treatment centers, implemented organizational and system changes to promote use of federally approved medications for treatment of alcohol and opioid use disorders. METHOD: A difference-in-differences analysis examined change over time in the percentage of patients receiving a prescription medication for alcohol or opioid use disorders treated in MRP (n = 9) and comparison (n = 15) sites...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#3
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#4
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with increased risk of incident SLE in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a U.S. longitudinal cohort of women (N=54,763). Incident SLE with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929486/migraine-and-invasive-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii-and-the-women-s-health-study
#5
Megan S Rice, Pamela M Rist, Anke C Winter, Tobias Kurth, Shelley S Tworoger
Migraine is a common primary headache disorder, which predominantly impacts women. Recently, migraine has been hypothesized to be associated with hormonally related cancers; however the potential association between migraine and ovarian cancer has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated the association between migraine and invasive epithelial ovarian cancer risk in two prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) and the Women's Health Study (WHS). Our prospective analysis included 113,124 NHSII participants aged 25-42 at study baseline as well as 33,490 participants in the WHS who were 45 years or older at study entry...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928224/chronic-diseases-as-predictors-of-labour-market-attachment-after-participation-in-subsidised-re-employment-programme-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#6
Chioma A Nwaru, Laura Peutere, Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Jussi Vahtera, Pekka J Virtanen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work patterns of re-employed people. We investigated the labour market attachment trajectories of re-employed people and assessed the influence of chronic diseases on these trajectories. METHODS: The study was based on register data of 18 944 people (aged 18-60 years) who participated in a subsidised re-employment programme in Finland. Latent class growth analysis with zero-inflated Poisson was used to model the labour market attachment trajectories over a 6-year follow-up time...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927864/anorexia-nervosa-and-childhood-sexual-abuse-treatment-outcomes-of-intensive-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#7
Simona Calugi, Cecilia Franchini, Silvia Pivari, Maddalena Conti, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
Sexual abuse has been widely studied as a risk factor in anorexia nervosa, but data on its influence on treatment outcomes are scarce. Hence, we compared short- and long-term outcomes of inpatient enhanced cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT-E) in patients with anorexia nervosa who had and had not suffered sexual abuse. Eighty-one patients were recruited, and body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Work and Social Adjustment Scale scores were recorded before and after treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926727/early-pregnancy-intrauterine-fetal-exposure-to-maternal-smoking-and-impact-on-fetal-telomere-length
#8
Hooman Mirzakhani, Immaculata De Vivo, J Steven Leeder, Roger Gaedigk, Carrie A Vyhlidal, Scott T Weiss, Kelan Tantisira
BACKGROUND: Reduced telomere length, or its accelerated attrition, has been implicated in aging, mortality, and several human diseases, including respiratory diseases. Age dependent manifestation of telomere-mediated disease during life span indicates the role of developmental stage in these diseases and highlights the importance of fetal developmental process in utero and at earlier life stages. Environmental determinants during developmental and later stages of life could affect telomere length...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926674/prior-mental-disorders-and-lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-among-us-army-soldiers-in-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#9
Alexander J Millner, Robert J Ursano, Irving Hwang, Andrew J King, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock
We report on associations of retrospectively reported temporally prior mental disorders and Army career characteristics with subsequent first onset of suicidal behaviors in a large, representative sample of US Army soldiers who participated in the Consolidated All-Army Survey of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (N = 29,982). Results reveal that among men and women, all self-reported lifetime disorders measured (some assessed with screening scales) are associated with subsequent onset of suicide ideation...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926288/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-during-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-psychological-distress-6-months-after-transplant-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Harry VanDusen, Sarah R Fishman, Thomas W LeBlanc, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose Inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden during hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT). We assessed patients' mood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and QOL 6 months post-transplant. Methods We randomly assigned 160 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent autologous or allogeneic HCT to inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care (n = 81) or transplant care alone (n = 79). At baseline and 6 months post-transplant, we assessed mood, PTSD symptoms, and QOL with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire, PTSD checklist, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925351/parenting-practices-in-middle-childhood-mediate-the-relation-between-growing-up-with-a-parent-having-bipolar-disorder-and-offspring-psychopathology-from-childhood-into-early-adulthood
#11
Vanessa Iacono, Leah Beaulieu, Sheilagh Hodgins, Mark A Ellenbogen
The offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (OBD) are at high risk for developing mental disorders. In addition to genetic factors, environmental risk is purported to be associated with these negative outcomes. However, few studies have examined this relation. Using concurrent and longitudinal data, we examined if support, structure, and control provided by parents in middle childhood mediated the relation between having a parent with or without bipolar disorder, and offspring mental health. The sample included 145 offspring (77 OBD, 68 controls) aged 4 to 14 years and their parents...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925318/risk-of-subacromial-shoulder-disorder-in-airport-baggage-handlers-combining-duration-and-intensity-of-musculoskeletal-shoulder-loads
#12
Sanne Pagh Møller, Charlotte Brauer, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Tine Alkjær, Henrik Koblauch, Ellen Bøtker Pedersen, Erik B Simonsen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
Musculoskeletal shoulder-load among baggage handlers measured by combining duration and intensity based on biomechanical and epidemiological information may be a stronger predictor of subacromial shoulder disordersthanbaggage handler seniority.In 2012, a cohort of baggage handlers employed at Copenhagen Airport in 1990-2012, and a cohort of unskilledotherwise employed men answered a survey.Self-reported information on work tasks during employment in the airport in combination with work task specific biomechanically modelled forces in the shoulder joint was used to estimate shoulder-load...
September 19, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924684/psychotherapy-in-the-oncology-setting
#13
Mirjam de Vries, Friedrich Stiefel
A person who faces the diagnosis of cancer is subjected to changes within his body, but also with regard to his view of himself and his social relationships. Cancer related psychological distress occurs frequently and has a different prevalence according to-among other factors-cancer type and stage of disease. The main psychiatric disturbances observed in patients with cancer are adjustment disorders and affective disorders (anxiety and depression), which in the majority of patients are due to stressors related to the occurrence and threat of the disease and pre-existing psychological vulnerabilities; however, they might also be a direct consequence of biological causes either resulting from bodily modifications induced by the cancer or from treatment side effects...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioural-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems and/or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional and behavioural school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921689/associations-between-eating-disorder-related-symptoms-and-participants-utilization-of-an-individualized-internet-based-prevention-and-early-intervention-program
#15
Sally Kindermann, Markus Moessner, Fikret Ozer, Stephanie Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Flexible, individualized interventions allow participants to adjust the intensity of support to their current needs. Between-persons, participants with greater needs can receive more intense support, within-persons, participants can adjust utilization to their current level of symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to analyze associations between ED-related symptoms and utilization of the individualized program ProYouth both between- and within-persons, aiming to investigate whether participants adapt utilization intensity to their current needs...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921543/language-growth-in-children-with-heterogeneous-language-disorders-a-population-study
#16
Courtenay Frazier Norbury, George Vamvakas, Debbie Gooch, Gillian Baird, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Language development has been characterised by significant individual stability from school entry. However, the extent to which trajectories of language growth vary in children with language disorder as a function of co-occurring developmental challenges is a question of theoretical import, with implications for service provision. METHODS: SCALES employed a population-based survey design with sample weighting procedures to estimate growth in core language skills over the first three years of school...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921009/radiation-overexposure-from-repeated-ct-scans-in-young-adults-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#17
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Valconi, Angelo Vanzulli, Roberto Bianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the dose of ionizing radiation caused by repeated CT scans performed to investigate non-traumatic acute abdominal conditions in young adults. METHODS: Over 26 months, we collected a cohort of patients aged 18 to 45 years who were subject to at least one urgent contrast-enhanced abdomen/pelvis CT. Patients affected with urolithiasis, HIV infection, tumors, and vascular and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases were excluded...
September 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918860/prevalence-of-work-related-common-psychiatric-disorders-in-primary-care-the-french-h%C3%A3-racl%C3%A3-s-study
#18
M Rivière, L Plancke, A Leroyer, T Blanchon, T Prazuck, H Prouvost, B Sobczak, C De Pauw, L Ferreira Carreira, Y Toullic, P Lerouge, M Melchior, N Younès
General practitioners (GP), on the frontline for individuals with mental health problems, often deal with work-related common psychiatric disorders. We aimed to determine the prevalence of work-related common psychiatric disorders in general practice and associated patients' and GPs' characteristics. HERACLES, a cross-sectional study among 2019 working patients of 121 GPs in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais region in France. Common psychiatric disorders were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview, patient-perceived psychological distress and GP-diagnosed psychiatric disorders...
September 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918555/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-older-hemodialysis-patients-a-5-year-observational-study
#19
Kojiro Nagai, Motokazu Matsuura, Kenji Tsuchida, Hiro-Omi Kanayama, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi
Clinical guidelines for hemodialysis therapy have been described in an evidence-based manner with most evidence from randomized control trials or retrospective studies in which all generations of the hemodialysis patients were enrolled. Therefore, the question still remains whether these guidelines can be applied to increasing older patients. This study is an observational study, including 735 patients who received maintenance hemodialysis in April 2006. At baseline, the participants' age was 62.1 ± 12...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#20
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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