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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525420/diagnostic-criteria-in-intraepithelial-pagetoid-neoplasms-a-histopathologic-study-and-evaluation-of-select-features-in-paget-disease-bowen-disease-and-melanoma-in-situ
#1
Amira Elbendary, Ruzeng Xue, Manuel Valdebran, Kara Melissa T Torres, Kruti Parikh, Inas Elattar, Eun Ji Kwon, Dirk M Elston
BACKGROUND: Paget disease, Bowen disease, and malignant melanoma in situ are intraepidermal neoplasms, characterized by the presence of pagetoid scatter of atypical cells in the epidermis. This study reviewed the frequency of select histologic criteria to validate their usefulness in the histologic distinction between these entities. METHODS: One hundred forty-four specimens with the diagnosis of Bowen disease, 144 specimens with Paget disease (mammary and extramammary), and 144 specimens with malignant melanoma in situ were examined microscopically to define frequencies of select histologic criteria present in each disease...
June 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492924/handheld-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-for-the-detection-of-recurrent-extramammary-paget-disease
#2
Oriol Yélamos, Brian P Hibler, Miguel Cordova, Travis J Hollmann, Kivanc Kose, Michael A Marchetti, Patricia L Myskowski, Melissa P Pulitzer, Milind Rajadhyaksha, Anthony M Rossi, Manu Jain
Importance: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is commonly refractory to surgical and nonsurgical therapies. Identifying recurrent or persistent EMPD is challenging because the disease is multifocal, and multiple blind scouting biopsies are usually performed in this setting. Handheld reflectance confocal microscopy (HRCM) has been used to diagnose and map primary EMPD and therefore may be used to identify EMPD recurrences. Objective: To evaluate HRCM's diagnostic accuracy in the setting of recurrent or persistent EMPD as well as its potential diagnostic pitfalls...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485985/breast-metastases-from-extramammary-malignancies-multimodality-imaging-aspects
#3
Almir G V Bitencourt, Roberta R M Gama, Luciana Graziano, Erika M S Negrão, Silvia M P S Sabino, Anapaula H U Watanabe, Camila S Guatelli, Juliana A Souza, Edmundo C Mauad, Elvira F Marques
Breast metastases from extramammary cancers are rare and usually related to poor prognosis. The extramammary tumors most frequently exhibiting breast metastases are melanoma, lymphomas, ovarian cancer, lung, neuroendocrine tumors, and sarcomas. Due to the lack of reliable and specific clinical or radiological signs for the diagnosis of breast metastases, a combination of techniques is needed to differentiate these lesions from primary breast carcinoma or even benign breast lesions. Multiple imaging methods may be used to evaluate these patients, including mammography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET/CT)...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467338/a-case-of-extramammary-inguinal-paget-disease-in-a-male-patient-surgical-treatment-with-an-abdominal-advancement-cutaneous-flap
#4
Andrea Sisti, Juri Tassinari, Roberto Cuomo, Luca Milonia, Giuseppe Nisi, Cesare Brandi, Carlo D'Aniello, Luca Grimaldi
Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare neoplasm. The clinical case of a 55-year-old man with a two-year history of a pruritic, painless erythematous skin rash on the inguinal region and scrotum is described. After a delay due to improper diagnosis and improper treatments, the patient came to the attention of the Division of plastic surgery. He underwent a punch biopsy and the pathology report came back as EMPD. Surgical excision was carried out, and an abdominal advancement cutaneous flap was performed for the defect repair...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447112/-imaging-diagnostics-of-breast-metastases-from-extramammary-tumors
#5
REVIEW
S Wienbeck, S Nemat, J Lotz, A Surov
Breast metastases of solid extramammary tumors are very rare in comparison to primary malignancies of the breast and account for only 0.33-6.3% of all malignant neoplasms of the breast. The most common primary tumors are malignant melanoma, distant sarcomas, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, renal cell cancer and thyroid cancer in decreasing order of frequency. This review article summarizes the clinical features and the different imaging findings of breast metastases from different extramammary solid tumors. Breast metastases are often incidental findings in computed tomography (CT) or positron emission tomography CT (PET-CT) imaging...
April 26, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445673/extramammary-paget-s-disease
#6
Sarah H Mehrtens, Sriramulu Tharakaram
An 89-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of a nonhealing groin rash. The rash was not painful or pruritic. He had previously been treated empirically with oral and topical antibiotics, topical antifungal agents, and topical glucocorticoids without improvement. The physical examination..
April 27, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442808/extramammary-paget-s-disease-of-vulva-a-rare-entity
#7
Sandhya Yadav, Pratik Gahalaut, Hardev Singh Soodan, Nitin Mishra, Madhur Kant Rastogi
Extramammary Paget's disease is a rare cutaneous, intraepithelial adenocarcinoma involving primarily the epidermis but occasionally extending into the underlying dermis. The condition typically presents as a red, velvety, pruritic skin rash of the vulva region which closely mimics a multitude of other, more common conditions. As a result, vulvar Paget's disease is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to an often lengthy lag time (an average of about 2-3 years) between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441252/paget-s-disease-of-the-vulva-a-review-of-20-years-experience
#8
Raghava Parashurama, Vivek Nama, Richard Hutson
BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget's disease is a rare condition, and the vulva is a common site for it to occur. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on Paget's disease of the vulva (VPD). A Cochrane meta-analysis could not draw any conclusions on interventions in VPD. Our aim was to review our practice and improve further management of VPD in our center. METHODS: We reviewed all the cases presented to Leeds Gynaecological Oncology Centre between 1988 and 2016...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419569/lava-lake-structure-and-cloud-like-structureless-area-new-clues-for-diagnosing-extramammary-paget-disease
#9
K Payapvipapong, A Nakakes, M Tanaka
Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare malignant skin neoplasm mostly found in the genital area. Its clinical and histopathological features are similar to mammary Paget disease. The clinical differential diagnosis includes various skin diseases. The dermoscopic findings of EMPD have been described in the literature. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418164/molecular-subtyping-of-mammary-like-adenocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-shows-molecular-similarity-to-breast-carcinomas
#10
Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Karama Asleh-Aburaya, Varsha Shah, W Glenn McCluggage, Anna Tinker, C Blake Gilks
AIMS: Mammary-like adenocarcinoma (MLA) of the vulva is thought to be derived from vulvar mammary-like glands. We characterized a series of MLA using an immunohistochemical algorithm that identifies the major molecular subtypes of breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven cases of vulval MLA were stained for ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67, EGFR, CK5, nestin and INPP4b. 17 cases of vulval extramammary Paget disease (EMPD), 7 with invasion, were studied for comparison. The median age of patients with MLA was 72 years...
April 18, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406527/modified-weekly-regimen-of-cisplatin-epirubicin-and-paclitaxel-induced-a-durable-response-in-two-cases-of-metastatic-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#11
Ikuko Hirai, Takeru Funakoshi
Metastatic extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cancer with no standardized treatment. We report two cases of metastatic EMPD treated with a modified weekly PET (cisplatin, epirubicin and paclitaxel) regimen given biweekly (i.e. 2 weeks on/2 weeks off) that had durable responses. Case 1 was a 74-year-old man with EMPD metastatic to lymph nodes, lung, and bone who presented with a hemorrhagic tumor on the scrotum. We tried the PET regimen weekly, but adjusted the interval to biweekly after two doses because of hematological side-effects...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398952/vulvar-and-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-terminology-diagnosis-and-ancillary-studies
#12
REVIEW
Eric J Yang, Christina S Kong, Teri A Longacre
Currently, it is recognized that there is an HPV-related and an HPV-independent pathway to developing squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in the anus and vulva. The majority of precursor lesions and SCC in the anus and vulva are high-risk HPV-associated, with HPV16 the most common type. Given the morphologic overlap and biological equivalence of HPV-related preinvasive squamous lesions of the lower anogenital tract, a unified, 2-tiered histopathologic nomenclature is now recommended. In contrast, mutations in the TP53 gene have been associated with HPV-independent vulvar and anal SCC...
May 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381343/podoplanin-expression-in-peritumoral-keratinocytes-predicts-aggressive-behavior-in-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#13
Zaigen Cho, Eiichi Konishi, Mai Kanemaru, Taro Isohisa, Takahiro Arita, Minako Kawai, Miho Tsutsumi, Hiromi Mizutani, Hideya Takenaka, Toshiyuki Ozawa, Daisuke Tsuruta, Norito Katoh, Jun Asai
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated podoplanin expression in several tumors, which has been associated with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. Podoplanin expression in peritumoral cells such as cancer-associated fibroblasts also correlates with tumor progression in several cancers. However, podoplanin expression and its association with extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined whether the presence of podoplanin expression in tumor cells or peritumoral basal keratinocytes correlated with aggressive behavior in patients with EMPD and investigated the mechanisms of podoplanin-mediated tumor invasion in this disorder...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322288/tumor-wide-horizontal-invasion-predicts-local-recurrence-for-scrotal-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#14
Lujia Wang, Chenchen Feng, Minwei Zhou, Zhongwen Zhou, Guanxiong Ding, Peng Gao, Qiang Ding, Zhong Wu
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare malignancy, and little was known about its prognostic factors and optimal treatment. In the current study, we aimed to discuss clinical and pathological features of scrotal EMPD and determine the prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival and local recurrence. A total of 206 patients with scrotal EMPD lesions surgically treated at our institute were studied. All clinical and pathological data were reviewed. Immunohistochemical staining of TP53 and Ki67 was examined as well...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295555/evaluation-of-positron-emission-tomography-imaging-to-detect-lymph-node-metastases-in-patients-with-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#15
Masao Fujiwara, Takahiro Suzuki, Ayumi Senoo, Hidekazu Fukamizu, Yoshiki Tokura
Patients with extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) have a relatively good prognosis, when spread of the tumor cells is limited to the epidermis. However, invasive EMPD has a poor prognosis, when the patients have regional lymph node metastasis. Detection of nodal metastasis is thus mandatory to manage EMPD. To evaluate the (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging to assess lymph node metastasis, 15 patients with histologically proven primary EMPD were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent whole-body PET prior to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB)...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291131/study-of-selected-brca1-brca2-and-pik3ca-mutations-in-benign-and-malignant-lesions-of-anogenital-mammary-like-glands
#16
Anastasia M Konstantinova, Ksenya V Shelekhova, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Aglaya Iyevleva, Denisa Kacerovska, Michal Michal, Dmitry V Kazakov
Anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLGs) are nowadays considered a normal component of the anogenital area. Lesions involving AGMLGs are histopathologically very similar to their mammary counterparts, but the information on molecular biological mechanisms in these vulvar/perianal tumors is scarce. Mutations in the PI3K-AKT cascade have been found in hidradenoma papilliferum. The authors studied selected BRCA1, BRCA2, and PIK3CA mutations in series of benign and malignant neoplasms thought to be associated with AGMLGs, including 9 cases of primary extramammary Paget disease, 3 different cases of mammary-type carcinoma (adenoid cystic like, tubulolobular, and invasive ductal like), and 5 cases of hidradenoma papilliferum...
May 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260304/-clinicopathological-study-of-56-cases-of-extramammary-paget-s-disease-with-or-without-acantholysis
#17
Y P Zeng, C Chen, K Fang, Q N Jia, D L Ma
Objective: To identify the clinicopathological features of extramammary Paget's disease(EMPD) and investigate the clinical and histopathological significance of acantholysis in EMPD. Methods: From June, 2010 to October, 2016, a total of 56 patients were diagnosed as EMPD in the Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Clinical and histopathological data were retrieved from these patients' medical records and analyzed respectively. The cases were divided into two subgroups according to the histopathological pattern (with or without acantholysis): the acantholytic EMPD (AEMPD) group and the non-acantholytic EMPD (N-AEMPD) group...
February 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244088/mechanisms-of-immune-evasion-in-extramammary-paget-disease
#18
COMMENT
J Fletcher, M Haniffa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203167/metastasis-of-colon-cancer-to-the-breast
#19
Swei H Tsung
Breast metastases from extramammary neoplasms are extremely rare, and even more so is metastasis of colon cancer to the breast. Despite its rarity, metastatic disease to the breast is an important diagnostic issue because its treatment differs greatly from that of primary cancer. Proper diagnosis of this rare event requires an accurate clinical history, proper immunohistochemical workup, and a high level of suspicion.
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178005/surgical-treatment-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-extramammary-paget-disease-a-cohort-study
#20
Sharon J Kim, Agnieszka K Thompson, Adeel S Zubair, Clark C Otley, Christopher J Arpey, Christian L Baum, Randall K Roenigk, Christine M Lohse, Jerry D Brewer
BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare intraepithelial adenocarcinoma occurring mainly in the anogenital region. Traditional management with wide local excision has shown high recurrence rates, thus Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) has emerged as a promising treatment option. OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term outcomes after treatment with MMS or excision for primary EMPD. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospective cohort review was conducted for 207 patients with EMPD treated at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, between 1961 and 2012...
May 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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