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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444706/adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis-and-daytime-urinary-incontinence-how-can-pediatric-and-adult-care-be-improved-ici-rs-2015
#1
REVIEW
Alexander von Gontard, Linda Cardozo, Angie Rantell, Jens-Christian Djurhuus
AIMS: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) and daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) are common in adolescents. The aim of this paper was to review studies on prevalence, clinical symptoms and associated risk factors and to formulate recommendations for assessment and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic Scopus search was performed and relevant publications were selected. The topic was discussed during the ICI-RS meeting in 2015. RESULTS: One to two percent of older adolescents are affected by NE and 1% by DUI...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442223/diurnal-cortisol-after-early-institutional-care-age-matters
#2
Jessica E Flannery, Laurel J Gabard-Durnam, Mor Shapiro, Bonnie Goff, Christina Caldera, Jennifer Louie, Dylan G Gee, Eva H Telzer, Kathryn L Humphreys, Daniel S Lumian, Nim Tottenham
Several studies have shown that young children who have experienced early caregiving adversity (e.g. previously institutionalization (PI)) exhibit flattened diurnal cortisol slopes; however, less is known about how these patterns might differ between children and adolescents, since the transition between childhood and adolescence is a time of purported plasticity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. PI youth experience a massive improvement in caregiving environment once adopted into families; therefore we anticipated that a developmental increase in HPA axis plasticity during adolescence might additionally allow for an enhanced enrichment effect by the adoptive family...
March 21, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439741/effect-of-victimization-on-impulse-control-and-binge-drinking-among-serious-juvenile-offenders-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#3
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Benjamin L Berey, Gabriel J Merrin, Joseph R Cimpian, Brent W Roberts
A vast literature has found longitudinal effects of early life stress on substance use and self-regulatory processes. These associations may vary by period-specific development among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The current study used an accelerated longitudinal design and auto-regressive latent trajectory with structure residuals (ALT-SR) model to examine the within-person cross-lagged associations between binge drinking, impulse control, and victimization from 15 to 25 years of age. A large sample (N = 1100) of justice-involved youth were followed longitudinally for 7 years (M age baseline  = 15...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439357/resident-dyads-providing-transition-care-to-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-illnesses-and-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#4
Richard J Chung, Joan Jasien, Gary R Maslow
BACKGROUND: Youth with special health care needs often experience difficulty transitioning from pediatric to adult care. These difficulties may derive in part from lack of physician training in transition care and the challenges health care providers experience establishing interdisciplinary partnerships to support these patients. OBJECTIVE: This educational innovation sought to improve pediatrics and adult medicine residents' interdisciplinary communication and collaboration...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#5
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438232/real-life-impact-of-executive-function-impairments-in-adults-who-were-born-very-preterm
#6
Jasmin Kroll, Vyacheslav Karolis, Philip J Brittain, Chieh-En Jane Tseng, Sean Froudist-Walsh, Robin M Murray, Chiara Nosarti
OBJECTIVES: Children and adolescents who were born very preterm (≤32 weeks' gestation) are vulnerable to experiencing cognitive problems, including in executive function. However, it remains to be established whether cognitive deficits are evident in adulthood and whether these exert a significant effect on an individual's real-lifeachievement. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we tested a range of neurocognitive abilities, with a focus on executive function, in a sample of 122 very preterm individuals and 89 term-born controls born between 1979 and 1984...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436102/nutrition-in-adolescents-physiology-metabolism-and-nutritional-needs
#7
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Kent L Thornburg, Andrew M Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends in early adulthood. Most commonly, adolescence is divided into three developmental periods: early adolescence (10-14 years of age), late adolescence (15-19 years of age), and young adulthood (20-24 years of age). Adolescence is marked by physical and sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity, acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles, and the capacity for abstract reasoning...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433407/patient-provider-communication-in-nephrology-care-for-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
S S Coburn, M N Eakin, D Roter, C Pruette, T Brady, S Mendley, S Tuchman, B Fivush, K A Riekert
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative quantity of talk between providers, caregivers, and adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and how communication differs by age. METHODS: During nephrology clinic visits, conversations between AYAs with CKD (N=99, ages 11-20, median=15), their caregivers, and providers (N=19) were audiotaped and coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Linear mixed models tested AYA age differences in talk frequency by AYAs, caregivers, and providers...
March 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432804/premorbid-bmi-predicts-binge-purge-symptomatology-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Elin L Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: A finding consistent with the transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders is that about half of those with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN) eventually undergo a transition to the binge/purge (BP) subtype or to bulimia nervosa. Given evidence that individuals with bulimic symptoms exhibit elevated weights premorbidly, we tested the hypothesis that among those with AN, highest premorbid BMI would predict which individuals with AN would develop AN-BP. METHOD: The current study used longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents with AN in Sweden...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428716/transition-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-perceptions-of-adults-adolescents-and-parents
#10
Norman Junge, Katarina Migal, Imeke Goldschmidt, Ulrich Baumann
AIM: To develop a locally adapted, patient-focused transition-program, we evaluated the perceptions of adult and adolescent patients and parents regarding transition-programs and transfer. METHODS: We evaluated these perceptions by analyzing the responses of pre-transfer adolescents (n = 57), their parents (n = 57) and post-transfer adults (n = 138) from a cohort of pediatric-liver-transplant-patients using a self-designed questionnaire. Furthermore, we compared a responder group with a non-responder group as well as the provided answers with baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes to exclude selection bias, characterize high-risk patients for non-adherence and test for gender differences...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#11
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426252/intervention-effects-on-stage-of-change-membership-and-transitions-among-adolescent-energy-balance-behaviors
#12
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Lisa L Harlow, Wayne F Velicer
The transition from childhood to adolescence is a crucial period for the development of healthy behaviors to be sustained later in life. With obesity a leading public health problem, the promotion of healthy behaviors has the potential to make a huge impact. The current study evaluated Stage of Change progression in a large (N = 4158) computer-delivered, Transtheoretical Model-tailored intervention focusing on physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption (FV). Markov models were used to explore stage transitions and patterns of discrete change from sixth to ninth grade...
April 20, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424061/young-people-mental-health-practitioners-and-researchers-co-produce-a-transition-preparation-programme-to-improve-outcomes-and-experience-for-young-people-leaving-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-camhs
#13
Valerie Dunn
BACKGROUND: In the UK young people attending child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are required to move on, either through discharge or referral to an adult service, at age 17/18, a period of increased risk for onset of mental health problems and other complex psychosocial and physical changes. CAMHS transitions are often poorly managed with negative outcomes for young people. Better preparation may improve outcomes and experience. This study aimed to co-produce, with young people who had transitioned or were facing transition from CAMHS, a CAMHS Transition Preparation Programme (TPP), deliverable in routine NHS settings...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421395/clinical-interpretation-of-asymptomatic-medial-collateral-ligament-injury-observed-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-adolescent-baseball-players
#14
Kenta Tanaka, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Takeshi Makihara, Kiyoshi Maehara, Tomohiro Yoshizawa, Manabu Minami, Masashi Yamazaki
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury of the elbow was often observed in asymptomatic adolescent baseball players. We aimed to clarify the clinical interpretation of "asymptomatic MCL injury observed on MRI" by comparing MRI, ultrasonography (US), and physical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four asymptomatic adolescent baseball players (mean 11.2 years) were enrolled. An open-type 0.2T MRI was used. MCL function was evaluated by measuring the opening of the ulnohumeral joint using US...
April 18, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#15
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#16
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419390/adolescent-stress-as-a-driving-factor-for-schizophrenia-development-a-basic-science-perspective
#17
Felipe V Gomes, Anthony A Grace
Schizophrenia has been associated with heightened stress responsivity in adolescence that precedes onset of psychosis. We now report that multiple stressors during adolescence in normal rats leads to deficits in adults analogous to that seen in schizophrenia patients. Moreover, impairment of stress control by lesion of the prelimbic prefontal cortex in adolescence caused previously subthreshold levels of stress to induce these deficit states when tested as adults. Thus, predisposition to stress hyper-responsivity, or exposure to substantial stressors, during adolescence can trigger a cascade of events that result in a schizophrenia-like profile in adults...
May 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414513/civic-purpose-in-late-adolescence-factors-that-prevent-decline-in-civic-engagement-after-high-school
#18
Heather Malin, Hyemin Han, Indrawati Liauw
This study investigated the effects of internal and demographic variables on civic development in late adolescence using the construct civic purpose. We conducted surveys on civic engagement with 480 high school seniors, and surveyed them again 2 years later. Using multivariate regression and linear mixed models, we tested the main effects of civic purpose dimensions (beyond-the-self motivation, future civic intention), ethnicity, and education on civic development from Time 1 to Time 2. Results showed that while there is an overall decrease in civic engagement in the transition out of high school, both internal and social factors protected participants from steep civic decline...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414510/a-longitudinal-person-centered-perspective-on-youth-social-support-relations-with-psychological-wellbeing
#19
Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J S Morin, Baljinder K Sahdra, David Litalien, Philip D Parker
Past research suggests that perceived social support from parents, teachers, and peers are all positively associated with wellbeing during adolescence. However, little longitudinal research has examined the implications of distinctive combinations of social support for developing adolescents. To address this limitation, we measured multiple dimensions of social support, psychological ill-health, and wellbeing in a sample of 2034 Australian adolescents (Mage = 13.7; 49.6% male) measured in Grades 8 and 11. Latent transition analyses identified a 6-profile solution for both waves of data, and revealed substantial inequality in perceived social support...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413998/optimising-treatment-strategies-for-adhd-in-adolescence-to-minimise-lost-in-transition-to-adulthood
#20
J K Buitelaar
The persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from adolescence to adulthood is not matched by continuity of care in this transition period. Many adolescents with ADHD have poor medication adherence or even stop medication treatment, and use of behavioural interventions is also suboptimal. The present commentary focuses on treatment strategies that might improve effects of ADHD medication treatment by improving adherence in adolescents with ADHD and/or optimise behavioural interventions for ADHD in adolescence...
April 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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