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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#1
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078534/health-care-transition-planning-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Casey Walsh, Barbara Jones, Alison Schonwald
Improving the health care transition process for youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is critically important. This study was designed to examine the overall national transition core outcome among youth with ASD and each of the component measures of health care transition planning. Fewer than 10% of youth with ASD meet the national transition core outcome. Among youth with ASD, there is greater disparity in health care transition planning for non-Hispanic black youth, youth with family income <400% of the federal poverty line, and youth with more severe activity limitation...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073309/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-school-nurses-perceptions-on-concussion-care-management
#3
Kathleen H Schneider
The rate of concussions in adolescents has risen over the last decade, resulting in cognitive and emotional problems. Neurologists recommend cognitive and physical rest during the recovery period, followed by a transitional return-to-classroom protocol. The purpose of the study was to develop and test an instrument that explores the beliefs and roles of school nurses in concussion care management. The instrument was a cross-sectional descriptive survey based on the theory of planned behavior, using Qualtrics®...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073157/comparison-of-parent-peer-psychiatric-and-cannabis-use-influences-across-stages-of-offspring-alcohol-involvement-evidence-from-the-coga-prospective-study
#4
Kathleen K Bucholz, Vivia V McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Danielle M Dick, Victor M Hesselbrock, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, John I Nurnberger, Jessica E Salvatore, Marc A Schuckit, Laura J Bierut, Tatiana M Foroud, Grace Chan, Michie Hesselbrock, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Howard J Edenberg, Bernice Porjesz
BACKGROUND: All stages of development of alcohol use disorder (AUD) have not been equally studied. While initiation of drinking has been given considerable attention, other stages have not been as thoroughly investigated. It is not clear whether the same factors are associated consistently across early and late transitions in AUD involvement. High-risk family samples that are enriched for AUD vulnerability and transitions in AUD development offer an opportunity to examine influences across multiple stages of AUD development...
January 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069093/development-and-evaluation-of-a-nutrition-transition-ffq-for-adolescents-in-south-india
#5
Nida I Shaikh, Jennifer K Frediani, Usha Ramakrishnan, Shailaja S Patil, Kathryn M Yount, Reynaldo Martorell, Km Venkat Narayan, Solveig A Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a Nutrition Transition-FFQ (NT-FFQ) to measure nutrition transition among adolescents in South India. DESIGN: We developed an interviewer-administered NT-FFQ comprising a 125-item semi-quantitative FFQ and a twenty-seven-item eating behaviour survey. The reproducibility and validity of the NT-FFQ were assessed using Spearman correlations, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and levels of agreement using Bland-Altman and cross-classification over 2 months (NT-FFQ1 and NT-FFQ2)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067415/the-measurement-of-adolescent-alcohol-problems-via-item-response-theory-and-their-15-year-prospective-associations-with-alcohol-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Michael Windle, Rebecca C Windle
BACKGROUND: A limited number of measures exist to assess alcohol problems during adolescence. Item response theory modeling was used to scale a measure of adolescent alcohol problems, including drinking and driving, and then related to alcohol and other psychiatric disorders that occurred over a 15-year period. METHODS: High school students (N = 832) completed the 13-item Alcohol Problems Index (API) at age 18 years as part of a long-term longitudinal study of predictors of alcohol use and alcohol disorders...
January 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063260/prevalence-of-communication-between-mothers-and-daughters-on-sexuality-and-associated-factors-in-sagamu-southwest-nigeria
#8
Oluwadamilola A Opawale, Victor J Animasahun, Helena J Chapman
BACKGROUND: As adolescents transition from childhood to adulthood, effective mother-daughter communication on sexuality plays a role in reducing high-risk behaviours linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and early pregnancy and childbirth. The objective of the study was to examine the prevalence of mother-daughter communication on sexuality and associated factors in Sagamu, southwest Nigeria. METHODS: Using multistage sampling, surveys were conducted using 234 female youth enrolled at a secondary school...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061319/brief-computer-delivered-intervention-to-increase-parental-monitoring-in-families-of-african-american-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Deborah A Ellis, April Idalski Carcone, Steven J Ondersma, Sylvie Naar-King, Bassem Dekelbab, Kathleen Moltz
BACKGROUND: African American adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are at elevated risk for poor diabetes management and metabolic control. Parental supervision and monitoring of adolescent diabetes management have been shown to promote better diabetes management among adolescents, but parents typically decrease their oversight during the transition to independent diabetes care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to conduct a randomized clinical trial to test the feasibility and efficacy of a three-session, computer-delivered motivational intervention (The 3Ms) to promote increased parental monitoring among primary caregivers of young African American adolescents with T1D...
January 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060211/service-delivery-in-the-healthcare-and-educational-systems-for-children-following-traumatic-brain-injury-gaps-in-care
#10
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Angela Ciccia, Jonathan Dodd, Deborah Ettel, Brad Kurowski, Angela Lumba-Brown, Stacy Suskauer
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of evidence and consensus-based description of healthcare and educational service delivery and related recommendations for children with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Literature review and group discussion of best practices in management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was performed to facilitate consensus-based recommendations from the American Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine's Pediatric and Adolescent Task Force on Brain Injury...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#11
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056616/adolescents-transitioning-to-high-school
#12
Susan G Williams, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan
Adolescents transitioning to high school may be at greater risk of depression and suicide if they are victims of bullying behavior. This study explored sex differences in bullying victimization (physical, verbal/social, and cyberbullying) and the impact on depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors in ninth-grade students ( N = 233). Females reported significantly more verbal/social and cyberbullying than male students. There were no significant sex differences in physical bullying; male students who reported physical bullying victimization were more likely to experience depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054806/early-amygdala-or-hippocampus-damage-influences-adolescent-female-social-behavior-during-group-formation
#13
Gilda Moadab, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Melissa D Bauman, David G Amaral
This study continues a longitudinal analysis of rhesus macaque social behavior following bilateral neonatal ibotenic acid lesions of the amygdala or hippocampus, or sham operations. The social behavior of female subjects was evaluated at a critical developmental time point-the transition to adulthood. At approximately 4 years of age, female subjects were housed in small groups with other female subjects and reproductively viable adult males. As compared with neurologically intact control animals and animals with early amygdala damage, animals with early hippocampal damage were more social with their female peers...
January 5, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054712/early-high-school-engagement-in-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
BACKGROUND: Students with attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to languish behind their peers with regard to academic achievement and education attainment. School engagement is potentially modifiable, and targeting engagement may be a means to improve education outcomes. AIMS: To investigate school engagement for students with ADHD during the crucial high school transition period and to identify factors associated with low school engagement. SAMPLE: Participants are adolescents (12-15 years) in the first and third year of high school with diagnosed ADHD (n = 130)...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045282/executive-functions-and-substance-use-relations-in-late-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#15
Daniel E Gustavson, Michael C Stallings, Robin P Corley, Akira Miyake, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Poor executive functions (EFs) have been linked to substance use and abuse across multiple substances. However, it is unclear whether these associations are stronger for some EFs over others and/or some stages of substance use over others (e.g., ever using substances vs. dependence). It is also unknown whether such patterns change from adolescence to early adulthood, a transition that is characterized by changes to both EFs and substance use behaviors. In this longitudinal study of approximately 850 twins, we examined the relations between multiple EF abilities (including a common EF factor predicting 9 EF tasks) and measures of general substance use and dependence/abuse in late adolescence (mean age 17 years) and early adulthood (mean age 23 years)...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044976/-kidsetransplant-a-serious-game-for-liver-transplanted-children
#16
Ana-Maria Calinescu, Valérie McLin, Stéphane Spahni, Thomas Boggini, Mirana Randriambelonoro, Roxane Jaquier-Grant, Michèle Steiner, Antoine Geissbuhler, Barbara E Wildhaber
Serious games are increasingly used in pediatric care, especially to educate young patients with chronic diseases, to improve their understanding of the disease and develop independence in disease management, as it can ultimately improve clinical results. This is also true for liver transplanted children and adolescents, who are not only challenged by their therapeutic burden, but who need to face transition to adult care, often without remembering their transplantation, which was performed, most of the time, very early in their life...
December 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044242/on-the-development-of-harmony-turbulence-and-independence-in-parent-adolescent-relationships-a-five-wave-longitudinal-study
#17
Hana Hadiwijaya, Theo A Klimstra, Jeroen K Vermunt, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus
The separation-individuation, evolutionary, maturational, and expectancy violation-realignment perspectives propose that the relationship between parents and adolescents deteriorate as adolescents become independent. This study examines the extent to which the development of adolescents' perceived relationship with their parents is consistent with the four perspectives. A latent transition analysis was performed in a two-cohort five-wave longitudinal study design covering ages 12-16 (n = 919, 49.2% female) and 16-20 (n = 392, 56...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043935/the-association-between-electronic-media-and-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-late-childhood
#18
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Timothy Olds, Nicholas B Allen, George C Patton
OBJECTIVE: There is growing concern that rising rates of electronic media use may be harmful. Yet the extent to which different types of electronic media use may be associated with emotional and behavioural problems is unclear. This study examined associations between emotional and behavioural problems and electronic media use during late childhood, in a large community sample. METHODS: Participants were 876 8-9 year olds taking part in the Childhood to Adolescence Transition Study in Australia...
December 30, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040744/cohort-profile-the-transition-from-childhood-to-adolescence-in-european-children-how-i-family-extends-the-idefics-cohort
#19
W Ahrens, A Siani, R Adan, S De Henauw, G Eiben, W Gwozdz, A Hebestreit, M Hunsberger, J Kaprio, V Krogh, L Lissner, D Molnár, L A Moreno, A Page, C Picó, L Reisch, R M Smith, M Tornaritis, T Veidebaum, G Williams, H Pohlabeln, I Pigeot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#20
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
: Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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