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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159904/growing-into-teen-fatherhood-a-grounded-theory-study
#1
C Uengwongsapat, K Kantaruksa, A Klunklin, N Sansiriphun
BACKGROUND: Becoming an adolescent father is a significant and critical life event. Expectant fathers are faced with a concurrent dual developmental crisis: being an adolescent and becoming a father. This transition has a tremendous impact on these adolescents, their families and society. The impact on these individuals and society does not, at this point, seem to be clearly understood. PURPOSE: To explore the process of Thai adolescents becoming first-time fathers with an unplanned pregnancy during their girlfriend's pregnancy...
November 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157731/insulin-sensitivity-and-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-analysis-of-data-from-the-today-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#2
Petter Bjornstad, Edward Nehus, Laure El Ghormli, Fida Bacha, Ingrid M Libman, Siripoom McKay, Steven M Willi, Lori Laffel, Silva Arslanian, Kristen J Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of premature mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Worsening insulin sensitivity independent of glycemic control may contribute to the development of diabetic kidney disease. We investigated the longitudinal association of insulin sensitivity with hyperfiltration and increased albumin excretion in adolescents with T2DM. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 532 TODAY (Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) participants aged 12 to 17 years with T2DM duration less than 2 years at baseline...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157498/the-medical-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-oriented-care-considerations-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists
#3
REVIEW
Laura C Hart, Gary Maslow
More adolescents and young adults are surviving previously fatal childhood illness and need support to transition from pediatric care to adult-oriented care. There are many barriers, but guidelines and tools assist providers with emphasis on gradually addressing transition with patients and families. Child and adolescent psychiatrists should be particularly attuned to the needs of adolescents with previously identified mental illness who are at high risk of falling out of regular care during transition. Providers are also uniquely suited to address the needs of adolescents and young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157324/individual-differences-in-anxiety-trajectories-from-grades-2-to-8-impact-of-the-middle-school-transition
#4
Stefanie A Nelemans, William W Hale, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the impact of the middle school transition on general anxiety trajectories from middle childhood to middle adolescence, as well as how youths' individual vulnerability and exposure to contextual stressors were associated with anxiety trajectories. Participants were 631 youth (47% boys, M age = 7.96 years at Time 1), followed for 7 successive years from second to eighth grade. Teachers reported on youths' individual vulnerability to anxiety (anxious solitude) in second grade; youth reported on their anxiety in second to eighth grade and aspects of their social contexts particularly relevant to the school transition (school hassles, peer victimization, parent-child relationship quality, and friendship quality) in sixth to eighth grade...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157098/meanings-of-living-in-lodgings-during-senior-high-school
#5
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Studies show that senior high school students living in lodgings (away from home) when attending high school are vulnerable to stress and mental health problems. Moving away from home at the age of 15-16 is a transition that might affect adolescents' well-being. The aim of this study is to explore the experience of living in lodgings during senior high school. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Norwegian lodgers of both genders between the ages of 16-18. Interviews were analyzed according to a phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156452/an-international-consortium-update-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-adolescence
#6
Lourdes Ibáñez, Sharon E Oberfield, Selma F Witchel, Richard J Auchus, R Jeffrey Chang, Ethel Codner, Preeti Dabadghao, Feyza Darendeliler, Nancy Samir Elbarbary, Alessandra Gambineri, Cecilia Garcia Rudaz, Kathleen M Hoeger, Abel López-Bermejo, Ken Ong, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Reinehr, Nicola Santoro, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Rachel Tao, Bulent O Yildiz, Haya Alkhayyat, Asma Deeb, Dipesalema Joel, Reiko Horikawa, Francis de Zegher, Peter A Lee
This paper represents an international collaboration of paediatric endocrine and other societies (listed in the Appendix) under the International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology (ICPE) aiming to improve worldwide care of adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)1. The manuscript examines pathophysiology and guidelines for the diagnosis and management of PCOS during adolescence. The complex pathophysiology of PCOS involves the interaction of genetic and epigenetic changes, primary ovarian abnormalities, neuroendocrine alterations, and endocrine and metabolic modifiers such as anti-Müllerian hormone, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, adiposity, and adiponectin levels...
November 13, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152921/proximity-to-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-care-among-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-in-11-new-york-counties
#7
Kristin M Sommerhalter, Tabassum Z Insaf, Tugba Akkaya-Hocagil, Claire E McGarry, Sherry L Farr, Karrie F Downing, George K Lui, Ali N Zaidi, Alissa R Van Zutphen
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with congenital heart defects (CHDs) discontinue cardiac care in adolescence, putting them at risk of adverse health outcomes. Because geographic barriers may contribute to cessation of care, we sought to characterize geographic access to comprehensive cardiac care among adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Using a population-based, 11-county surveillance system of CHDs in New York, we characterized proximity to the nearest pediatric cardiac surgical care center among adolescents aged 11 to 19 years with CHDs...
November 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152669/brief-report-bullying-and-anxiety-in-high-functioning-adolescents-with-asd
#8
Gerrit van Schalkwyk, Isaac C Smith, Wendy K Silverman, Fred R Volkmar
Youth with ASD are more likely to experience bullying than their typically developing peers. This risk has not been studied in youth with ASD transitioning to college. We examined the occurrence of bullying in 35 high functioning youth with ASD who were preparing to attend college. We also examined youth anxiety and ASD symptoms. Fifty-one percent of the sample reported being recent victims of bullying; 31% of parents reported their child was a victim of bullying. Parent report of bullying correlated significantly with ratings of youth social anxiety symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150307/approaching-retention-within-the-adolescent-brain-cognitive-development-study
#9
REVIEW
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Linda Chang, Linda B Cottler, Susan F Tapert, Gayathri J Dowling, Sandra A Brown
Retention efforts are critical to maintain relationships with research participants over time. This is especially important for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, where families are asked to stay engaged with the study throughout the course of 10 years. This high-degree of involvement is essential to longitudinally track child and adolescent development. At a minimum, we will connect with families every 6 months by telephone, and every year in person, with closer contact with the youth directly as they transition into adolescence...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144980/time-attitudes-predict-changes-in-adolescent-self-efficacy-a-24-month-latent-transition-mover-stayer-analysis
#10
Kevin E Wells, Michael T McKay, Grant B Morgan, Frank C Worrell
Increasingly, the study of temporal psychology is moving away from bivariate analyses towards person-centered analyses, which simultaneously account for scores on past, present and future dimensions. However, longitudinal studies are lacking. This study builds on a developing literature by examining the 24-month relationship between time attitudes and criterion variables. Four latent profiles called Positive, Ambivalent, Moderately Negative, and Negative, were identified. Results showed that time attitude profiles were generally unstable across the first three years of high school...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144163/demand-for-ct-scans-increases-during-transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-an-observational-study-from-2009-to-2015
#11
Pete Thurley, Jonathan Crookdake, Mark Norwood, Nigel Sturrock, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Avoiding unnecessary radiation exposure is a clinical priority in children and young adults. We aimed to explore demand for CT scans in a busy general hospital with particular interest in the period of transition from paediatric to adult medical care. METHODS: We used an observational epidemiological study based in a teaching hospital. Data were obtained on numbers and rates of CT scans from 2009 to 2015. The main outcome was age-stratified rates of receiving a CT scan...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144146/legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-and-community-sales-policy-in-oregon-impact-on-adolescent-willingness-and-intent-to-use-parent-use-and-adolescent-use
#12
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use, parent use) as well as youth use. Legalization of recreational marijuana in Oregon coincided with our study on adolescent substance use. Cohort 1 transitioned from 8th to 9th grade prior to legalization and Cohort 2 made this transition during legalization (N = 444; 53% female)...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144027/longitudinal-change-in-adolescents-prosocial-behavior-toward-strangers-friends-and-family
#13
Laura M Padilla-Walker, Gustavo Carlo, Madison K Memmott-Elison
There is little understanding about how prosocial behavior toward different targets might change over time, and what might promote initial levels and age-related changes in prosocial behavior. Thus, this study examined longitudinal change in prosocial behavior toward strangers, friends, and family from early adolescence through the transition to adulthood. Participants included 500 adolescents from the United States (age 12 to age 20; 52% female, 65% European American). Latent growth curve models suggested that prosocial behavior toward strangers increased across early to mid-adolescence and then flattened out during the transition to adulthood, prosocial behavior toward friends increased steadily, and prosocial behavior toward family was relatively stable across adolescence and then increased...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132950/fifteen-year-weight-and-disordered-eating-patterns-among-community-based-adolescents
#14
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Melanie M Wall, Tse-Hwei J Choo, E Whitney Evans, Elissa Jelalian, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to characterize weight-change trajectories and their concomitant associations with prospectively measured dieting and other disordered eating behaviors among initially nonoverweight adolescents during the transition to adulthood. METHODS: A population-based sample (n=1,091) self-reported their height/weight, dieting, unhealthy weight-control behaviors, and binge eating at 5-year intervals between 1998/1999 and 2013/2014, spanning early/middle adolescence through middle/late young adulthood...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130706/androgen-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-maximal-fat-oxidation-in-healthy-men-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Jesús Gustavo Ponce González, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Francisco Germán Rodríguez-González, Rafael Torres-Peralta, David Morales-Alamo, Lorena Rodríguez-García, Bonifacio Nicolás Díaz-Chico, José Antonio López Calbet, Cecilia Dorado
INTRODUCTION: Androgens play a major role in fat oxidation; however, the effects of androgens depend, among other factors, on the intrinsic characteristics of the androgen receptor (AR). Lower repetitions of CAG and GGN polymorphism appear to have a protective effect on fat accumulation in the transition from adolescent to mid-twenties. Whether a similar protective effect is present later in life remains unknown. The aims of this study were: a) to evaluate if extreme CAG and GGN repeat polymorphisms of the androgen receptors influence body fat mass, its regional distribution, resting metabolic rate (RMR), maximal fat oxidation capacity (MFO) and serum leptin, free testosterone and osteocalcin in healthy adult men; and b) to determine the longitudinal effects on fat tissue accumulation after 6...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#16
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126965/brain-state-expression-and-transitions-are-related-to-complex-executive-cognition-in-normative-neurodevelopment
#17
John D Medaglia, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Apoorva Kelkar, Rastko Ciric, Tyler M Moore, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Danielle S Bassett
Adolescence is marked by rapid development of executive function. Mounting evidence suggests that executive function in adults may be driven by dynamic control of neurophysiological processes. Yet, how these dynamics evolve over adolescence and contribute to cognitive development is unknown. In a sample of 780 youth aged 8-22 yr (42.7% male) from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopment Cohort, we use a dynamic graph approach to extract activation states in BOLD fMRI data from 264 brain regions. We construct a graph in which each observation in time is a node and the similarity in brain states at two different times is an edge...
November 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126298/what-proportion-of-people-who-try-one-cigarette-become-daily-smokers-a-meta-analysis-of-representative-surveys
#18
Max Birge, Stephen Duffy, Joanna Astrid Miler, Peter Hajek
Introduction: The 'conversion rate' from initial experimentation to daily smoking is a potentially important metric of smoking behavior, but estimates of it based on current representative data are lacking. Methods: The Global Health Data Exchange was searched for representative surveys conducted in English speaking, developed countries after year 2000 that included questions about ever trying a cigarette and ever smoking daily. The initial search identified 2776 surveys that were further screened for language, location, year, sample size, survey structure and representativeness...
November 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125512/a-chronic-care-model-for-spina-bifida-transition
#19
Ellen Fremion, Melissa Morrison-Jacobus, Jonathan Castillo, Heidi Castillo, Kathryn Ostermaier
Providing comprehensive transition care for adolescents and young adults with spina bifida (AYASB) requires a structured approach to addressing chronic condition management, self-management, care coordination, and health care navigation that is adaptable to the various levels of cognitive ability, physical function, and family/community environments within the population. This commentary (1) highlights AYASB transition program needs identified in the literature and within a local community, (2) analyzes advantages and limitations of published AYASB transition care models in addressing these needs, (3) demonstrates how a SB transition clinic used the Chronic Care Model (CCM) to develop a comprehensive AYASB transition program, and (4) examines the potential feasibility in adapting this model to other SB clinics...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125507/self-management-and-health-care-transition-trials-tribulations-and-triumphs
#20
Cecily L Betz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide perspectives pertaining to the importance of fostering comprehensive self-management competencies of AEA-SHCN, with attention directed to AEA with spina bifida based upon the Health Care Transition Research Consortium Health Care Transition model. This article is based upon the plenary presentation given at the Spina Bifida 3rd World Congress, entitled, Self-Management and Health Care Transition: Trials, Tribulations and Triumphs. METHOD: A historical perspective of healthcare transition initiatives and best practice guidelines is provided that have influenced the field of research and practice...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
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