keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ling cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044177/strong-associations-between-chromosomal-aberrations-in-blood-lymphocytes-and-the-risk-of-urothelial-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#1
Hongkun Wang, Ying Wang, Krishna K Kota, Bing Sun, Bhaskar Kallakury, Nabiel N Mikhail, Douaa Sayed, Ahmed Mokhtar, Doaa Maximous, Etemad H Yassin, Scarlett X Sun, Xiaofei Chen, Christopher A Loffredo, Yun-Ling Zheng
Chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in blood lymphocytes have been shown to be associated with overall cancer risk and aging. However, their relationship to bladder cancer risk remains to be elucidated. In a case-control study of bladder cancer in Egypt, we examined the relationship between the increased frequency of CAs in blood lymphocytes and bladder cancer risk. High frequency of CAs was significantly associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer [adjusted odds ratios (OR) = 3.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043905/the-value-of-narrow-band-imaging-combined-with-stroboscopy-for-the-detection-of-applanate-indiscernible-early-stage-vocal-cord-cancer
#2
Yifan Yang, Jugao Fang, Qi Zhong, Wen Xu, Hongzhi Ma, Ling Feng, Qian Shi, Meng Lian, Ru Wang, Lizhen Hou
BACKGROUND: Narrow band imaging (NBI) and stroboscopy are non-invasive techniques to detect the malignant lesions of the vocal cord. This study was to assess the diagnostic value of combined endoscopic analysis in the applanate indiscernible early-stage vocal cord cancer. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with 160 suspicious vocal cord malignant lesions were included in this retrospective study. Stroboscopy was immediately performed after NBI and white light endoscopy (WLE) were performed in all patients...
October 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042957/ursolic-acid-inhibits-breast-cancer-growth-by-inhibiting-proliferation-inducing-autophagy-and-apoptosis-and-suppressing-inflammatory-responses-via-the-pi3k-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways-in-vitro
#3
Juan Luo, Yan-Ling Hu, Hong Wang
Breast cancer, which is the second leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in women worldwide, develops from breast tissue. Chemotherapy is the most commonly used therapy to treat breast cancer. However, a number of natural plant-derived products have been suggested as alternative therapies to treat different types of cancer, such as breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine the anti-tumor effects of ursolic acid and its effect on apoptosis and inflammation in breast cancer cells. The anti-cancer effects of ursolic acid were evaluated in vitro using flow cytometry, western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042578/%C3%AE-defensin-1-expression-in-hcv-infected-liver-liver-cancer-an-important-role-in-protecting-hcv-progression-and-liver-cancer-development
#4
Yue-Ming Ling, Jin-Yu Chen, Libin Guo, Chen-Yi Wang, Wen-Ting Tan, Qing Wen, Shu-Dong Zhang, Guo-Hong Deng, Yao Lin, Hang Fai Kwok
β-defensin family plays a role in host defense against viral infection, however its role in HCV infection is still unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that β-defensin 1 was significantly reduced in HCV-infected liver specimens. Treatment with interferon and ribavirin upregulated β-defensin-1, but not other β-defensin tested, with the extent and duration of upregulation associated with treatment response. We investigated β-defensin family expression in liver cancer in publicly available datasets and found that among all the β-defensins tested, only β-defensin 1 was significantly downregulated, suggesting β-defensin 1 plays a crucial role in liver cancer development...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039580/combination-of-oncolytic-adenovirus-and-luteolin-exerts-synergistic-antitumor-effects-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-and-a-mouse-model
#5
Boduan Xiao, Yun Qin, Chang Ying, Buyun Ma, Binrong Wang, Fei Long, Ruwei Wang, Ling Fang, Yigang Wang
In recent years, oncolytic viruses have attracted increasing interest due to their potent antitumor effects. Luteolin, a natural product, has additionally been observed to exhibit various pharmacological antitumor activities. Previously, a novel dual‑targeting oncolytic adenovirus, complement decay‑accelerating factor (CD55)‑tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 10 (TRAIL), was constructed, which exhibited significant growth inhibitory effects in various types of tumor cell. The present study investigated whether the combination of luteolin and CD55‑TRAIL was able to exert a synergistic antitumor effect in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells...
October 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039544/formyl-peptide-receptor%C3%A2-2-expression-predicts-poor-prognosis-and-promotes-invasion-and-metastasis-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#6
Xiaohui Xie, Mengyuan Yang, Yiling Ding, Ling Yu, Jianlin Chen
Formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) has been identified as a member of the G protein-coupled chemoattractant receptor (GPCR) family and has been implicated as playing a role in both inflammation and cancer development. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been suggested to be correlated with both infectious and non-infectious inflammation. To date, the role of FPR2 in EOC remains poorly understood and controversial. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential of FPR2 in regulating EOC. We performed immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR to analyzed expression of FPR2 in EOC tissues and the correlation between FPR2 and EOC clinicopathological characteristics as well as prognosis were also analyzed...
October 13, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037839/upregulation-of-caprin1-expression-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Ning Tan, Ling Dai, Xiaojia Liu, Guangdong Pan, Hui Chen, Jiang Huang, Qing Xu
Caprin-1 has been found to promotes osteosarcoma tumor growth, lung metastasis in mice, regulating the proliferation and invasion of human breast cancer cells and up-regulated in proton beam irradiated human melanoma cells. However, its clinical role, biological function in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the clinical significance of Caprin1 in the HCC. Caprin1 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression level was analyzed in 65 HCC tissues and paired peritumoral tissue...
July 15, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035465/enhanced-specificity-of-braf-v600e-genotyping-using-wild-type-blocker-coupled-with-internal-competitive-reference-in-a-single-tube
#8
Jia Peng, Kun Wei, Shu Yu, Xiang Yang, Xiang Zhao, Yu Liu, Xiao-Yan Zhu, Na Zhao, Qing Huang, Wei-Ling Fu
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the BRAF gene have been strongly associated with failure in cancer treatment using epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies. To better diagnose and assess the prognosis of cancer patients, mutation screening of the BRAFV600E gene should be performed prior to clinical anti-tumor drug therapy to avoid ineffective treatment. METHODS: In our previous study, we developed a real-time wild-type blocking PCR (WTB-PCR), which can amplify the mutant allele at high efficiency while simultaneously inhibiting the amplification of wild-type alleles...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033318/an-alkynyl-fucose-halts-hepatoma-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-inhibiting-gdp-fucose-synthesizing-enzyme-fx-tsta3
#9
Yasuhiko Kizuka, Miyako Nakano, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Kazuki Nakajima, Ritsuko Oka, Keiko Sato, Chien-Tai Ren, Tsui-Ling Hsu, Chi-Huey Wong, Naoyuki Taniguchi
Fucosylation is a glycan modification critically involved in cancer and inflammation. Although potent fucosylation inhibitors are useful for basic and clinical research, only a few inhibitors have been developed. Here, we focus on a fucose analog with an alkyne group, 6-alkynyl-fucose (6-Alk-Fuc), which is used widely as a detection probe for fucosylated glycans, but is also suggested for use as a fucosylation inhibitor. Our glycan analysis using lectin and mass spectrometry demonstrated that 6-Alk-Fuc is a potent and general inhibitor of cellular fucosylation, with much higher potency than the existing inhibitor, 2-fluoro-fucose (2-F-Fuc)...
September 19, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029535/leucine-rich-alpha-2-glycoprotein-1-relevant-with-microvessel-density-is-an-independent-survival-prognostic-factor-for-stage-iii-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
De-Cong Sun, Yan Shi, Ling-Xiong Wang, Yao Lv, Quan-Li Han, Zhi-Kuan Wang, Guang-Hai Dai
BACKGROUND: Leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein-1 (encoded by LRG1) has been shown to be involved in multiple cancer progression and angiogenesis. LRG1 has been shown to be one of the five plasma proteins that can be used for colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis. The objective of the current study was to explore relationship between LRG1 protein expression and microvessel density (MVD) in stage III CRC. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis of all stage III CRC who underwent surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy was carried out...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027828/folate-decorated-and-nir-activated-nanoparticles-based-on-platinum-iv-prodrugs-for-targeted-therapy-of-ovarian-cancer
#11
Yu Sun, Tian-Yi Shi, Ling-Yun Zhou, Yu-Yan Zhou, Bai-Wang Sun, Xiao-Ping Liu
Platinum-based drugs are used to treat a variety of cancers but have many side effects such as nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. A folate-decorated nanoparticles system with a good drug payload can selectively deliver drugs into folate receptor (FR)-overexpressing cancer cells to prevent the shortcomings of platinum-based chemotherapy. Here, folate-decorated and near-infrared (NIR) laser-activated nanoparticles (abbreviated as Pt(IV)-FINPs) were prepared via ultrasonic self-assembling of platinum(IV) prodrug c,c,t-Pt(NH3)2Cl2(OOCCH2CH2COOH)2, folic acid (FA)-functionalized lipid DSPE-PEG-FA and NIR fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025633/association-between-male-circumcision-and-women-s-biomedical-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
Jonathan M Grund, Tyler S Bryant, Inimfon Jackson, Kelly Curran, Naomi Bock, Carlos Toledo, Joanna Taliano, Sheng Zhou, Jorge Martin Del Campo, Ling Yang, Apollo Kivumbi, Peizi Li, Sherri Pals, Stephanie M Davis
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV and some sexually transmitted infections from heterosexual exposure, and is essential for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have also investigated associations between male circumcision and risk of acquisition of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. We aimed to review all evidence on associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes to benefit women's health programmes. METHODS: In this systematic review we searched for peer-reviewed and grey literature publications reporting associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes up to April 11, 2016...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024814/anti-tumor-effects-of-nvp-bkm120-alone-or-in-combination-with-mek162-in-biliary-tract-cancer
#13
Ling Jin, Mei-Hua Jin, Ah-Rong Nam, Ji-Eun Park, Ju-Hee Bang, Do-Youn Oh, Yung-Jue Bang
There are currently no clinically validated therapeutic targets for biliary tract cancer (BTC). Despite promising results in other cancers, compounds targeting the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, alone or in combination with Ras/Raf/MEK pathway inhibitors, have not been evaluated in BTC. Here, we examined the effects of a pan-PI3K inhibitor (BKM120) with or without a MEK inhibitor (MEK162), on eight human BTC cell lines carrying mutations in K-Ras and/or the PI3K catalytic subunit, PI3KCA...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024700/high-ybx1-expression-indicates-poor-prognosis-and-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#14
Lei-Lei Zhou, Jie Ni, Wan-Ting Feng, Rong Yao, Shun Yue, Ya-Ning Zhu, Hai-Yan Tang, Ling-Yun Lv, Ji-Feng Feng, Wei-Guo Zhu
Y-box binding protein-1 (YBX1) is a multifunctional protein and often acts as an indicator of poor prognosis in cancers. Increasing evidence has shown that the levels of YBX1 protein were closely associated with multidrug resistance, relapse, metastasis and poor prognosis in cancers. However, its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastasis remains unknown. In our study, we discovered that the expression of YBX1 was increased in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues. YBX1 protein levels positively correlated with T stage and metastasis of NPC patients...
October 9, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024383/down-regulation-of-lncrna-ccat1-enhances-radiosensitivity-via-regulating-mir-148b-in-breast-cancer
#15
Yong Lai, Yang Chen, Yuanhong Lin, Ling Ye
LncRNA colon-cancer-associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) was proved to be a potential prognostic biomarker for breast cancer progression. However, the role of CCAT1 in regulating radiosensitivity of breast cancer and its underlying mechanism have not been investigated. The present study showed that CCAT1 was up-regulated and miR-148b was down-regulated in radioresistant breast cancer tissues compared with radiosensitive breast cancer tissues. Radiation treatment triggered a significant increase in CCAT1 and an obvious decrease in miR-148b...
October 11, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023935/exosome-mir-335-as-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Fang Wang, Tian Hongwei, Ling Li, Klaus Piontek, Masazumi Sakaguchi, Florin M Selaru
Hepatocellular Cancer (HCC) is a common and deadly cancer. Most cases of HCC arise in a cirrhotic/fibrotic liver, raising the possibility that the environment plays a paramount role in cancer genesis. Previous studies from our group and others have shown that, in desmoplastic cancers, there is a rich intercellular communication between activated, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) and cancer cells. Moreover, Extracellular Vesicles (EVs), or exosomes, were identified asan important arm of this intercellular communication platform...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023429/mir-150-inhibits-cell-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-by-restraining-the-rab11a-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-thyroid-cancer
#17
Dongfang Bai, Haipeng Sun, Xiaodong Wang, Hongliang Lou, Jian Zhang, Xiaohong Wang, Ling Jiang
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence has shown that downregulation or upregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in the development and progression of thyroid cancer (TC). However, the potential role of miR-150 and its biological function in TC remains largely unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was employed to detect the expression level of miR-150 and RAB11A in human TC tissue and human normal thyroid tissue. MTT assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry cell cycle, and apoptosis assay were used to investigate the role of miR-150 and RAB11A on the malignant phenotypes in vitro...
October 12, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022575/gefitinib-inhibits-m2-like-polarization-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-lewis-lung-cancer-by-targeting-the-stat6-signaling-pathway
#18
Muhammad Tariq, Jie-Qiong Zhang, Gui-Kai Liang, Qiao-Jun He, Ling Ding, Bo Yang
M2-like polarized tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a pivotal role in promoting cancer cell growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. The identification of M2-like TAMs during tumor progression is an attractive approach for cancer therapy. In this study, we investigated the relevance of macrophage polarization and the antitumor effect of gefitinib in Lewis Lung cancer (LLC) in vitro and in vivo. Gefitinib at a concentration below 2.5 μmol/L did not cause significant growth inhibition on LLC and RAW 264...
October 12, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020927/dilemmas-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-myelofibrosis-secondary-to-signet-ring-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#19
Pujun Guan, Zihang Chen, Li Zhang, Ling Pan
BACKGROUND: We describe the first reported case of myelofibrosis as an extremely rare complication of gastric cancer during pregnancy; the clinical diagnosis and treatment of which is highly challenging due to nonspecific symptoms coupled with the conflicting needs of immediate disease control and continuation of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 36-year-old pregnant woman who presented with cytopenia, fatigue, vomiting, and diarrhea for 20 days on the background of newly diagnosed myelofibrosis secondary to gastric signet ring adenocarcinoma...
October 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019055/psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-with-incurable-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#20
Yu-Chien Liao, Wei-Yu Liao, Jia-Ling Sun, Jen-Chung Ko, Chong-Jen Yu
PURPOSE: Limited research has focused on women with lung cancer (LC) although they are recognized as the most vulnerable to psychological distress. This study explored in-depth the psychological distress experienced by women with incurable LC and analyzed the coping strategies with which they manage that distress. METHODS: A qualitative methodology with in-depth interviews was employed for 34 women with advanced or recurrent LC. An inductive data-driven thematic analysis was applied to analyze transcripts...
October 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
keyword
keyword
75001
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"