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Lin Wang, Peiwu Yu
p53 mutations in tumors can induce the loss of wild-type tumor-suppressing p53 function, which results in the increase in proliferation, migration and invasion ability in cancer cells. Studies have shown that the expression of p53 is regulated by several microRNAs (miRNAs). In the present study, we found that miR-300 and p53 were significantly increased in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues when compared with levels noted in adjacent colorectal tissues. Both miR-300 and p53 were significantly correlated with lymphatic metastasis and TNM stage...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Hiroko Kitahara, Mariko Hirai, Koroku Kato, George Bou-Gharios, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Shuichi Kawashiri
Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling has emerged as a new treatment strategy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Previously, we found that loss of EGFR expression in OSCC was associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and may have functional implications with regard to resistance to cetuximab, a monoclonal anti-EGFR antibody. Eribulin (a microtubule inhibitor) reportedly renders breast cancer less aggressive, and less likely to metastasise, by triggering mesenchymal‑to‑epithelial (MET) transition...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Seung-Hyun Jeong, You-Jin Jeon, Sun Joo Park
Hypoxia-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been identified as essential for tumor progression and metastasis. The present study examined the effects of an antioxidant, dieckol, on hypoxia‑induced EMT in HT29 human colorectal cancer cells. HT29 cells were treated with a hypoxia‑inducing agent, CoCl2, and an increase in the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and various morphological changes, such as loss of cell‑cell contact and aggressive cell migration were observed...
October 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Min Xu, Hailang Zhou, Chunli Zhang, Junbo He, Hong Wei, Meng Zhou, Ying Lu, Yaocheng Sun, Jerry Wanming Ding, Jian Zeng, Wanxin Peng, Fengyi Du, Aihua Gong
Although a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) overexpression has been demonstrated in numerous human tumors including gastric cancer, its role in gastric cancer development remains to be clarified. In the present study, we identify that ADAM17 activates TGF-β/Smad signaling to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer cells. We found that ADAM17 promotes proliferation, migration and invasion in gastric carcinoma cells. Subsequently, we revealed that silencing ADAM17 induces the expression of epithelial marker of E-cadherin and downregulates expression of mesenchymal markers including N-cadherin, vimentin and Snail in MGC803 and MKN45 cells, whereas ADAM17 overexpression reverses these changes in BGC823 and HGC27 cells...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Shohreh Maleki, Sanela Kjellqvist, Valentina Paloschi, Joelle Magné, Rui Miguel Mamede Branca, Lei Du, Kjell Hultenby, Johan Petrini, Jonas Fuxe, Janne Lehtiö, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Per Eriksson, Hanna M Björck
Individuals with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are at significantly higher risk of developing aortic complications than individuals with tricuspid aortic valves (TAV) and defective signaling during the embryonic development and/or life time exposure to abnormal hemodynamic have been proposed as underlying factors. However, an explanation for the molecular mechanisms of aortopathy in BAV has not yet been provided. We combined proteomics, RNA analyses, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy to identify molecular differences in samples of non-dilated ascending aortas from BAV (N = 62) and TAV (N = 54) patients...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Gang Wang, Rui Cao, Yongzhi Wang, Guofeng Qian, Han C Dan, Wei Jiang, Lingao Ju, Min Wu, Yu Xiao, Xinghuan Wang
Simvastatin is currently one of the most common drugs for old patients with hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerotic diseases by reducing cholesterol level and anti-lipid properties. Importantly, simvastatin has also been reported to have anti-tumor effect, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. We collected several human bladder samples and performed microarray. Data analysis suggested bladder cancer (BCa) was significantly associated with fatty acid/lipid metabolism via PPAR signalling pathway...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Menghan Liu, Lake-Ee Quek, Ghazal Sultani, Nigel Turner
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a common malignancy with dismal prognosis. Metastatic spread and therapeutic resistance, the main causes of PDAC-related mortalities, are both partially underlined by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of PDAC cells. While the role of Warburg metabolism has been recognized in supporting rapid cellular growth and proliferation in many cancer types, less is known about the metabolic changes occurring during EMT, particularly in the context of PDAC...
2016: Cancer & Metabolism
Cole R Drifka, Agnes G Loeffler, Kara Mathewson, Adib Keikhosravi, Jens C Eickhoff, Yuming Liu, Sharon M Weber, W John Kao, Kevin W Eliceiri
Risk factors for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression after surgery are unclear, and additional prognostic factors are needed to inform treatment regimens and therapeutic targets. PDAC is characterized by advanced sclerosis of the extracellular matrix, and interactions between cancer cells, fibrillar collagen, and other stromal components play an integral role in progression. Changes in stromal collagen alignment have been shown to modulate cancer cell behavior and have important clinical value in other cancer types, but little is known about its role in PDAC and prognostic value...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Mijung Kwon, Jae-Hoon Kim, Yevangelina Rybak, Alex Luna, Chel Hun Choi, Joon-Yong Chung, Stephen M Hewitt, Asha Adem, Elizabeth Tubridy, Juan Lin, Steven K Libutti
Filamin A interacting protein 1-like (FILIP1L) is an inhibitor of the canonical WNT pathway. WNT/β-catenin signaling and its downstream pathway, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), play a key role in ovarian cancer metastasis and chemoresistance. To study the clinical implications of FILIP1L in regulating the WNT/β-catenin pathway, the expression of FILIP1L, β-catenin, SNAIL and SLUG was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays of 369 ovarian samples ranging from normal to metastatic...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
J Li, Y-M Wang, Y-L Song
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to explore the role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) AB073614 and its potential mechanisms in the glioma development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression levels of lncRNA AB073614 in glioma tissues and glioma cell lines were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). MTT assays were conducted to explore the impact of AB073614 down-regulation on the proliferation of human glioma cells. The effects of AB073614 knockdown on cell proliferation and migration were evaluated by in vitro assays...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Alice Nomura, Kaustav Majumder, Bhuwan Giri, Patricia Dauer, Vikas Dudeja, Sabita Roy, Sulagna Banerjee, Ashok K Saluja
NF-κB has an essential role in the initiation and progression of pancreatic cancer and specifically mediates the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasiveness. In this study, we demonstrate the importance of activated NF-κB signaling in EMT induction, lymphovascular metastasis, and neural invasion. Modulation of NF-κB activity was accomplished through the specific NF-κB inhibitor (BAY 11-7085), triptolide, and Minnelide treatment, as well as overexpression of IKBα repressor and IKK activator plasmids...
October 24, 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Ruijuan Guan, Xia Wang, Xiaomei Zhao, Nana Song, Jimin Zhu, Jijiang Wang, Jin Wang, Chunmei Xia, Yonghua Chen, Danian Zhu, Linlin Shen
Aberrant activation of TGF-β1 is frequently encountered and promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibroblast activation in pulmonary fibrosis. The present study investigated whether emodin mediates its effect via suppressing TGF-β1-induced EMT and fibroblast activation in bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. Here, we found that emodin induced apoptosis and inhibited cellular proliferation, migration and differentiation in TGF-β1-stimulated human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELFs)...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Qiang Han, Hua-Yong Zhang, Bei-Long Zhong, Xiao-Jing Wang, Bing Zhang, Hua Chen
BACKGROUND This study investigated the mechanism of miR-145 in targeting connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), which affects the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of ESCC cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 50 ESCC tissues and their corresponding normal adjacent esophageal tissue samples were collected. Then, miR-145 expression in both ESCC clinical specimens and cell lines was detected using quantitative real-time PCR. CTGF protein was detected using immunohistochemistry...
October 23, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Toshiaki Tanaka, Kaoru Goto, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Sec8 is one of the subunits of the exocyst, which is an evolutionarily conserved complex of eight proteins, comprising Sec3 (EXOC1), Sec5 (EXOC2), Sec6 (EXOC3), Sec8 (EXOC4), Sec10 (EXOC5), Sec15 (EXOC6), Exo70 (EXOC7), and Exo84 (EXOC8) subunits. Sec8 knockout mice embryos initiate gastrulation but are unable to progress beyond the primitive streak stage and die shortly. During embryonic development, the first epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) event occurs at gastrulation. Sec8 may be involved in the early embryonic development through EMT...
October 18, 2016: Cellular Signalling
Lan Wei, Kuangfa Li, Xueli Pang, Bianqin Guo, Min Su, Yunxiu Huang, Nian Wang, Feihu Ji, Changli Zhong, Junhong Yang, Zhiqian Zhang, Yulin Jiang, Yifeng Liu, Tingmei Chen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating researches have shown that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to tumor metastasis. Leptin, a key adipokine secreted from adipocytes, shapes the tumor microenvironment, potentiates the migration of breast cancer cells and angiogenesis, and is also involved in EMT. However, the potential mechanism remains unknown. This study aims to explore the effect of leptin on EMT in breast cancer cells and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: With the assessment of EMT-associated marker expression in MCF-7, SK-BR-3, and MDA-MB-468 cells, the effect of leptin on breast cancer cells was analyzed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Mingdi Zhang, Wei Gong, Bin Zuo, Bingfeng Chu, Zhaohui Tang, Yong Zhang, Yong Yang, Di Zhou, Mingzhe Weng, Yiyu Qin, Mingzhe Ma, Alex Jiang, Fei Ma, Zhiwei Quan
Cytokine is a key molecular link between chronic inflammation and gallbladder cancer (GBC) progression. The potential mechanism of cytokine-associated modulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in GBC progression is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the biological effects and prognostic significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) -induced miRNAs in the development of GBC. We identify that inflammatory cytokine, IL-6 promotes proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of GBC both in vitro and in vivo...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Xia Chen, Hua Guo, Fuxia Li, Di Fan
BACKGROUND: The present study is designed to explore the metastasis-inhibitory effect of physcion 8-O-β-glucopyranoside (PG) in human breast cancer, and the mechanisms underlying its role in tumor metastasis. METHODS: Both in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted. Cell migration and invasion were analyzed by transwell assay. The translocation of β-catenin from the nucleus to cytoplasm membrane was demonstrated by immunofluorescent staining. The expression of signaling molecules was determined by Western blot or qRT-PCR...
September 13, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Lei Wu, Hua Feng, Jinhua Hu, Xiangguo Tian, Chunqing Zhang
Due to the low cost and favorable safety profile, valproic acid (VPA) has been considered as a potential candidate drug for therapy of various cancers. Our present study revealed that VPA, at the concentration (1mM) which has no effect on cell proliferation, can significantly increase the in vitro migration and invasion of hepatocarcinoma (HCC) HepG2 and Huh7 cells via induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). VPA treatment can significantly increase the mRNA and protein expression of Snail, the key transcription factor of EMT...
October 18, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Hong Zhang, Zheng Dan, Zhi-Jie Ding, Yuan-Zhi Lao, Hong-Sheng Tan, Hong-Xi Xu
A UPLC-PDA-QTOFMS-guided isolation strategy was employed to screen and track potentially new compounds from Garcinia oblongifolia. As a result, two new prenylated xanthones, oblongixanthones D and E (1-2), six new prenylated benzoylphloroglucinol derivatives, oblongifolins V-Z (3-7) and oblongifolin AA (8), as well as a known compound oblongifolin L (9), were isolated from the EtOAc-soluble fraction of an acetone extract of the leaves of Garcinia oblongifolia guided by UPLC-PDA-QTOFMS analysis. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis and mass spectrometry...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hossein Derakhshankhah, Mohammad Javad Hajipour, Ebrahim Barzegari, Alireza Lotfabadi, Maryam Ferdousi, Ali Akbar Saboury, Eng-Poh Ng, Mohammad Raoufi, Hussein Awala, Svetlana Mintova, Rassoul Dinarvand, Morteza Mahmoudi
EMT-type zeolite nanoparticles (EMT NPs) with diameter smaller than 12 nm and uniform pore size of 7.3 Å have shown high selective affinity toward plasma protein (fibrinogen). Besides, the EMT NPs have demonstrated no adverse effect on blood coagulation hemostasis. Therefore, it was envisioned that the EMT NPs could inhibit possible β-Amyloid (Aβ)-fibrinogen interactions that result in the formation of structurally abnormal clots, which are resistant to lysis, in cerebral vessels of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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