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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527014/high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-reactivity-and-trait-worry-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-sleep-disturbances-in-response-to-a-naturalistic-stressor
#2
Sasha MacNeil, Sonya S Deschênes, Warren Caldwell, Melanie Brouillard, Thien-Thanh Dang-Vu, Jean-Philippe Gouin
BACKGROUND: High-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) reactivity was proposed as a vulnerability factor for stress-induced sleep disturbances. Its effect may be amplified among individuals with high trait worry or sleep reactivity. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether HF-HRV reactivity to a worry induction, sleep reactivity, and trait worry predict increases in sleep disturbances in response to academic stress, a naturalistic stressor. METHOD: A longitudinal study following 102 undergraduate students during an academic semester with well-defined periods of lower and higher academic stress was conducted...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#3
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526256/perceived-sleep-quality-the-interplay-of-neuroticism-affect-and-hyperarousal
#4
Nicola Cellini, Katherine A Duggan, Michela Sarlo
INTRODUCTION: Many adults experience poor sleep quality, and personality traits have emerged as important predictors of self-reported sleep. However, it is still unclear whether personality predicts sleep quality independent of other correlates, including mood, emotion regulation, and hyperarousal. AIMS AND METHOD: The aim of this study was twofold. First, using an online survey, we assessed the relationship between perceived sleep quality (defined here as the total score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and personality in 498 Italians (M age=26...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524894/the-need-for-identification-cards-in-immuno-oncology-%C3%A2
#5
Lisa Kennedy Sheldon
Oncology nurses have worked within the three pillars of cancer care-surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy -for decades. Now, immuno-oncologic (I-O) therapy agents are a new paradigm in cancer treatment. On March 28, 2017, an I-O think tank was held at the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) in Pittsburgh, PA. This think tank was organized in response to the rapid changes in cancer treatment with the advent of I-O therapies. The think tank appraised the needs of patients receiving these agents and the oncology nurses and healthcare providers caring for them...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523579/primary-care-and-hepatology-provider-perceived-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-hepatitis-c-treatment-candidacy-and-adherence
#6
Shari S Rogal, Rory McCarthy, Andrea Reid, Keri L Rodriguez, Linda Calgaro, Krupa Patel, Molly Daley, Naudia L Jonassaint, Susan L Zickmund
BACKGROUND: Provider perceptions regarding barriers to and facilitators of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment initiation and adherence have not been fully evaluated in the interferon-free treatment era. New treatments have provided opportunities for non-specialists to treat HCV, underscoring the importance of understanding primary care provider (PCP) and specialist perspectives. METHODS: Based on qualitative sampling principles, 12 PCPs and 12 hepatology providers (HPs) from the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System completed audio-recorded semi-structured interviews...
May 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523048/what-to-eat-for-a-better-sleep-in-haemodialysis-patients-potential-role-of-b-vitamins-intake-and-appetite
#7
Dilek Ongan, Aysun Yuksel
OBJECTIVE: Sleeping disorders are common among Haemodialysis-HD patients. In addition to well-known factors, food consumption impact on sleep quality needs being discovered. Aim was to examine the nutrition-related factors that may influence sleep quality in HD patients. METHODS: One hundred and three patients in three HD centres participated. Data were collected with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI and Questionnaire Form about socio-demographic characteristics and appetite...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522091/trajectories-of-sleep-quality-during-the-first-three-years-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#8
Filipa Fontes, Milton Severo, Marta Gonçalves, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
OBJECTIVE: To identify trajectories of sleep quality up to three years after breast cancer diagnosis and to assess differences in characteristics of patients across distinct trajectories. METHODS: A total of 458 breast cancer patients underwent a neurological evaluation before treatment and at one and three years after diagnosis. Clinical data were obtained throughout the follow-up. Anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline, using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511734/sleeping-with-one-eye-open-loneliness-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults
#9
T Matthews, A Danese, A M Gregory, A Caspi, T E Moffitt, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Feelings of loneliness are common among young adults, and are hypothesized to impair the quality of sleep. In the present study, we tested associations between loneliness and sleep quality in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Further, based on the hypothesis that sleep problems in lonely individuals are driven by increased vigilance for threat, we tested whether past exposure to violence exacerbated this association. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 twins born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995...
May 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510598/age-gender-neck-circumference-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-do-not-predict-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-in-moderate-to-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-the-challenge-to-predict-osa-in-advanced-copd
#10
Xavier Soler, Shu-Yi Liao, Jose Maria Marin, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Rachel Jen, Pamela DeYoung, Robert L Owens, Andrew L Ries, Atul Malhotra
The combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that predictors of OSA among patients with COPD may be distinct from OSA in the general population. Therefore, we investigated associations between traditional OSA risk factors (e.g. age), and sleep questionnaires [e.g. Epworth Sleepiness Scale] in 44 patients with advanced COPD. As a second aim we proposed a pilot, simplified screening test for OSA in patients with COPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509440/no-improvement-in-clinical-trial-enrollment-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-at-a-children-s-hospital
#11
Seethal A Jacob, Peter H Shaw
BACKGROUND: We have previously published data from 2001 to 2006 showing that adolescent and young adult (AYA) oncology patients have significantly lower therapeutic clinical trial enrollment rates than younger patients. Our objective was to determine if the enrollment of AYA patients on therapeutic studies at the same institution has improved in recent years with the greater focus on this population locally and nationally. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cancer registry data at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh (CHP) for all new oncologic diagnoses between January 2010 and December 2014...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507298/protective-effects-of-apoe-e2-against-disease-progression-in-subcortical-vascular-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-a-three-year-longitudinal-study
#12
Yeo Jin Kim, Sang Won Seo, Seong Beom Park, Jin Ju Yang, Jin San Lee, Juyoun Lee, Young Kyoung Jang, Sung Tae Kim, Kyung-Han Lee, Jong Min Lee, Jae-Hong Lee, Jae Seung Kim, Duk L Na, Hee Jin Kim
Although the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and disease progression is well characterized in patients with Alzheimer's disease, such a relationship is unknown in patients with subcortical vascular cognitive impairment. We evaluated whether APOE genotype is associated with disease progression in subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment (svMCI) patients. We prospectively recruited 72 svMCI patients (19 APOE4 carriers, 42 APOE3 homozygotes, and 11 APOE2 carriers). Patients were annually followed-up with brain MRI and neuropsychological tests for three years and underwent a second Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-PET at a mean interval of 32...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507296/sleep-disorder-an-independent-risk-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-menopause
#13
Yang Zhou, Ruwei Yang, Changbin Li, Minfang Tao
As women age and go through menopause, they suffer a higher incidence of sleep disorder, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, evidences suggested that sleep disorder was an important pathological indicator for coronary heart disease. However, the relationship between different menopausal status, sleep disorder and cardiovascular diseases was unclear. Thus, we aim to assess the association between sleep disorder with arterial stiffness in females of 40-60 years free of cardiovascular diseases through self-administered Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV)...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504569/comparisons-for-effectiveness-of-aromatherapy-and-acupressure-massage-on-quality-of-life-in-career-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Yu-Hsiu Kao, Yi-Ching Huang, Ue-Lin Chung, Wen-Ni Hsu, Yi-Ting Tang, Yi-Hung Liao
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to compare the effectiveness of aromatherapy and acupressure massage intervention strategies on the sleep quality and quality of life (QOL) in career women. DESIGN: The randomized controlled trial experimental design was used in the present study. One hundred and thirty-two career women (24-55 years) voluntarily participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to (1) placebo (distilled water), (2) lavender essential oil (Lavandula angustifolia), (3) blended essential oil (1:1:1 ratio of L...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502838/sleep-quality-and-duration-are-associated-with-performance-in-maximal-incremental-test
#15
B M Antunes, E Z Campos, S S Parmezzani, R V Santos, E Franchini, F S Lira
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Inadequate sleep patterns may be considered a trigger to development of several metabolic diseases. Additionally, sleep deprivation and poor sleep quality can negatively impact performance in exercise training. However, the impact of sleep duration and sleep quality on performance during incremental maximal test performed by healthy men is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to analyze the association between sleep pattern (duration and quality) and performance during maximal incremental test in healthy male individuals...
May 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501768/association-between-chinese-cooking-oil-fumes-and-sleep-quality-among-a-middle-aged-chinese-population
#16
Fu Wei, Guanghui Nie, Bo Zhou, Liang Wang, Yifei Ma, Suwan Peng, Songfeng Ou, Jian Qin, Li'e Zhang, Shu Li, Ruosi Zou, Xiaoyun Zeng, Zhiyong Zhang, Yunfeng Zou
Poor sleep quality is an important symptom of many medical or psychiatric disorders. However, the impact of cooking oil fumes (COFs) on sleep quality has not been studied. This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the association between COFs of Chinese household cooking and sleep quality. Individual sleep quality assessment was completed in 2197 participants with an average age of 37.52 years, through Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Information about their cooking practice were also collected by self-reported questionnaire...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501733/insomnia-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-comparison-with-borderline-personality-disorder-population-in-a-clinical-setting-and-control-participants
#17
Sébastien Weibel, Françoise Jermann, Luisa Weiner, Rosetta Nicastro, Stefano Ardu, Eleonore Pham, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud
OBJECTIVES: Many adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) report sleeping difficulties. The relationship between sleep and ADHD is poorly understood, and shows discrepancies between subjective and objective measures. In order to determine the specificity of sleep-associated symptoms in ADHD, subjective sleep assessments among ADHD adult patients were compared with control subjects and with individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: 129 outpatients with ADHD, 70 with BPD (including 17 patients with BPD and ADHD comorbidity), and 65 control participants were assessed for sleep quality, insomnia, and sleepiness, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500983/night-sleep-influences-white-matter-microstructure-in-bipolar-depression
#18
Francesco Benedetti, Elisa M T Melloni, Sara Dallaspezia, Irene Bollettini, Clara Locatelli, Sara Poletti, Cristina Colombo
BACKGROUND: Alteration of circadian rhythms and sleep disruption are prominent trait-like features of bipolar disorder (BD). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures suggest a widespread alteration of white matter (WM) microstructure in patients with BD. Sleep promotes myelination and oligodendrocyte precursor cells proliferation. We hypothesized a possible association between DTI measures of WM microstructure and sleep quantity measures in BD. METHODS: We studied 69 inpatients affected by a depressive episode in course of type I BD...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495511/biomolecular-nmr-past-and-future
#19
John L Markley, William Milo Westler
The editors of this special volume suggested this topic, presumably because of the perspective lent by our combined >90-year association with biomolecular NMR. What follows is our personal experience with the evolution of the field, which we hope will illustrate the trajectory of change over the years. As for the future, one can confidently predict that it will involve unexpected advances. Our narrative is colored by our experience in using the NMR Facility for Biomedical Studies at Carnegie-Mellon University (Pittsburgh) and in developing similar facilities at Purdue (1977-1984) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1984-)...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495217/individuals-with-mild-ms-with-poor-sleep-quality-have-impaired-visuospatial-memory-and-lower-perceived-functional-abilities
#20
Catherine F Siengsukon, Mayis Aldughmi, Melike Kahya, Sharon Lynch, Jared Bruce, Morgan Glusman, Abigail Ness Norouzinia, Sandra Billinger
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common in individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), but the impact of poor sleep quality on cognitive and physical function in individuals with MS is less clear. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep quality and cognitive and physical function in individuals with mild MS. METHODS: Forty individuals with relapsing-remitting or secondary-progressive MS (50...
April 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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