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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354906/baseline-and-postoperative-levels-of-c-reactive-protein-and-interleukins-as-inflammatory-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-following-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Alexander Weymann, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Mikhail Ryazanov, Gary Tse, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Meghdad Sedaghat, William L Baker, Azam Ghanei, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Payman Izadpanah, Hamidreza Dehghan, Luca Testa, Maryam Nikfard, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, Ahmed Mashhour, Luis Nombela-Franco, Mohammad Rezaeisadrabadi, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Konstantin Zhigalov, Umberto Benedetto, Soroosh Aminolsharieh Najafi, Marcin Szczechowicz, Leonardo Roever, Lei Meng, Mengqi Gong, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Tullio Palmerini, Cecilia Linde, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Gregg W Stone, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a leading arrhythmia with high incidence and serious clinical implications after cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgery is associated with systemic inflammatory response including increase in cytokines and activation of endothelial and leukocyte responses. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukins (IL) with POAF following isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), isolated valvular surgery or combination of these procedures...
January 22, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276184/evaluation-of-the-mirna-146a-and-mirna-155-expression-levels-in-patients-with-oral-lichen-planus
#2
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel, Zeynab Bayat, Mehrdad Hajilooi, Soroosh Shahryar-Hesami, Ali Mahdavinezhad, Lida Samie, Ghasem Solgi
BACKGROUND: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease that could be considered as a potential premalignant status. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the miRNA-146a and miRNA-155 expression levels in patients with oral Lichen planus lesions compared to healthy subjects with normal oral mucosa. METHODS: Forty patients with oral lichen planus and 18 healthy age and gender-matched controls were recruited in this case-control study. Oral lichen planus was diagnosed clinically and pathologically...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179117/investigation-of-kinetics-and-absorption-isotherm-models-for-hydroponic-phytoremediation-of-waters-contaminated-with-sulfate
#3
Ali Saber, Milad Tafazzoli, Soroosh Mortazavian, David E James
Two common wetland plants, Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana) and Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana), were used in hydroponic cultivation systems for the treatment of simulated high-sulfate wastewaters. Plants in initial experiments at pH 7.0 removed sulfate more efficiently compared to the same experimental conditions at pH 6.0. Results at sulfate concentrations of 50, 200, 300, 600, 900, 1200, 1500 and 3000 mg/L during three consecutive 7-day treatment periods with 1-day rest intervals, showed decreasing trends of both removal efficiencies and uptake rates with increasing sulfate concentrations from the first to the second to the third 7-day treatment periods...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146677/functional-role-and-therapeutic-targeting-of-micrornas-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Artin Soroosh, Marina Koutsioumpa, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Dimitrios Iliopoulos
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) are chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases, primarily consisting of Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn's Disease (CD). The complex nature of the disease, as well as the limited therapeutic options characterized by low efficiency and major side effects, shows the importance of developing novel strategies of therapeutic intervention in IBD. Susceptibility loci related to IBD are present only in a small percentage of IBD patients, implying that epigenetic modifications could influence the pathogenesis of the disease...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092236/on-the-correlation-of-absorption-cross-section-with-plasmonic-color-generation
#5
Soroosh Daqiqeh Rezaei, Jinfa Ho, Ray Jia Hong Ng, Seeram Ramakrishna, Joel K W Yang
Through numerical simulations, we investigate the correlation between the absorption cross-section and the color saturation of plasmonic nanostructures of varying density. Understanding this correlation, enables the prediction of an optimal nanostructure separation, or combinations of different nanostructure sizes for plasmonic color printing applications. Here, we use metal-insulator-metal (MIM) aluminum nanostructures that support gap-plasmons. Large absorption cross-sections were observed that exceed twelve times the physical cross-section of the nanostructure disks...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091081/protective-role-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-cigarette-smoke-and-influenza-infection
#6
M J Hong, B H Gu, M C Madison, C Landers, H Y Tung, M Kim, X Yuan, R You, A A Machado, B E Gilbert, P Soroosh, M Elloso, L Song, M Chen, D B Corry, G Diehl, F Kheradmand
Airborne pathogens commonly trigger severe respiratory failure or death in smokers with lung disease. Cigarette smoking compromises the effectiveness of innate immunity against infections but the underlying mechanisms responsible for defective acquired immune responses in smokers remains less clear. We found that mice exposed to chronic cigarette smoke recovered poorly from primary Influenza A pneumonia with reduced type I and II interferons (IFNs) and viral-specific immunoglobulins, but recruited γδ T cells to the lungs that predominantly expressed interleukin 17A (IL-17A)...
November 1, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074458/il-10-tgf-%C3%AE-and-glucocorticoid-prevent-the-production-of-type-2-cytokines-in-human-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells
#7
Noriko Ogasawara, Julie A Poposki, Aiko I Klingler, Bruce K Tan, Ava R Weibman, Kathryn E Hulse, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, David B Conley, Joseph R Raviv, Pejman Soroosh, Omid Akbari, Tetsuo Himi, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728599/a-phase-iii-randomized-two-armed-double-blind-parallel-active-controlled-and-non-inferiority-clinical-trial-to-compare-efficacy-and-safety-of-biosimilar-adalimumab-cinnora%C3%A2-to-the-reference-product-humira%C3%A2-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Farhad Gharibdoost, Mahdi Vojdanian, Soosan G Soroosh, Mohsen Soroush, Arman Ahmadzadeh, Mohammad Ali Nazarinia, Mohammad Mousavi, Hadi Karimzadeh, Mohammad Reza Shakibi, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Maryam Sahebari, Asghar Hajiabbasi, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi, Najmeh Mahjourian, Amin Mohammadinejad Rashti
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare efficacy and safety of test-adalimumab (CinnoRA®, CinnaGen, Iran) to the innovator product (Humira®, AbbVie, USA) in adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority trial, a total of 136 patients with active RA were randomized to receive 40 mg subcutaneous injections of either CinnoRA® or Humira® every other week, while receiving methotrexate (15 mg/week), folic acid (1 mg/day), and prednisolone (7...
July 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646225/a-high-power-broadband-terahertz-source-enabled-by-three-dimensional-light-confinement-in-a-plasmonic-nanocavity
#9
Nezih Tolga Yardimci, Semih Cakmakyapan, Soroosh Hemmati, Mona Jarrahi
The scope and potential uses of time-domain terahertz imaging and spectroscopy are mainly limited by the low optical-to-terahertz conversion efficiency of photoconductive terahertz sources. State-of-the-art photoconductive sources utilize short-carrier-lifetime semiconductors to recombine carriers that cannot contribute to efficient terahertz generation and cause additional thermal dissipation. Here, we present a novel photoconductive terahertz source that offers a significantly higher efficiency compared with terahertz sources fabricated on short-carrier-lifetime substrates...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579374/activated-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-regulate-type-2-innate-lymphoid-cell-mediated-airway-hyperreactivity
#10
Hadi Maazi, Homayon Banie, German R Aleman Muench, Nisheel Patel, Bowen Wang, Ishwarya Sankaranarayanan, Vipul Bhargava, Takahiro Sato, Gavin Lewis, Matteo Cesaroni, James Karras, Anuk Das, Pejman Soroosh, Omid Akbari
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is a prevalent inflammatory disease of the airways caused by dysregulated immune balance in the lungs with incompletely understood pathogenesis. The recently identified type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play significant roles in the pathogenesis of asthma. Although ILC2-activating factors have been identified, the mechanisms that suppress ILC2s remain largely unknown. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are important in antiviral immunity and in maintaining tolerance to inert antigens...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535817/safety-and-tolerability-of-autologous-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-adpkd-patients
#11
Atieh Makhlough, Soroosh Shekarchian, Reza Moghadasali, Behzad Einollahi, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Neda Jaroughi, Tina Bolurieh, Hossein Baharvand, Nasser Aghdami
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a genetic ciliopathy disease characterized by progressive formation and enlargement of cysts in multiple organs. The kidneys are particularly affected and patients may eventually develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We hypothesize that bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMMSCs) are renotropic and may improve kidney function via anti-apoptotic, anti-fibrotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we aim to assess the safety and tolerability of a BMMSC infusion in ADPKD patients...
May 23, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487831/a-new-parallel-approach-for-accelerating-the-gpu-based-execution-of-edge-detection-algorithms
#12
Zahra Emrani, Soroosh Bateni, Hossein Rabbani
Real-time image processing is used in a wide variety of applications like those in medical care and industrial processes. This technique in medical care has the ability to display important patient information graphi graphically, which can supplement and help the treatment process. Medical decisions made based on real-time images are more accurate and reliable. According to the recent researches, graphic processing unit (GPU) programming is a useful method for improving the speed and quality of medical image processing and is one of the ways of real-time image processing...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474861/group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-are-elevated-and-activated-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#13
Julie A Poposki, Aiko I Klingler, Bruce K Tan, Pejman Soroosh, Homayon Banie, Gavin Lewis, Kathryn E Hulse, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, David B Conley, Joseph R Raviv, James G Karras, Omid Akbari, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is characterized by type 2 inflammation with high levels of Th2 cytokines. Although T helper cytokines are released from T cells, innate lymphoid cells (ILC) are also known to produce high levels of the same cytokines. However, the presence of various types of ILC in CRS is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to fully characterize the presence of all ILC subsets in CRS and to identify phenotypical differences of group 2 ILC (ILC2) in CRSwNP compared to ILC2 from non-type 2 inflamed areas...
September 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396172/role-of-suppression-of-the-inward-rectifier-current-in-terminal-action-potential-repolarization-in-the-failing-heart
#14
Michael G Klein, Matie Shou, Jayna Stohlman, Soroosh Solhjoo, Myles Haigney, Richard R Tidwell, Robert E Goldstein, Thomas P Flagg, Mark C Haigney
BACKGROUND: The failing heart exhibits an increased arrhythmia susceptibility that is often attributed to action potential (AP) prolongation due to significant ion channel remodeling. The inwardly rectifying K(+) current (IK1) has been reported to be reduced, but its contribution to shaping the AP waveform and cell excitability in the failing heart remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define the effect of IK1 suppression on the cardiac AP and excitability in the normal and failing hearts...
April 8, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379388/prevalence-of-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-stable-symptoms-and-a-zero-coronary-calcium-score
#15
Tarun K Mittal, Alison Pottle, Ed Nicol, Mahmoud Barbir, Ben Ariff, Saeed Mirsadraee, Michael Dubowitz, Diana A Gorog, Piers Clifford, Soroosh Firoozan, Robert Smith, Simon Dubrey, Harmeet Chana, Jaymin Shah, Nigel Stephens, Christopher Travill, Andrew Kelion, Mini Pakkal, Adam Timmis
Aims: CT calcium scoring (CTCS) and CT cardiac angiography (CTCA) are widely used in patients with stable chest pain to exclude significant coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to resolve uncertainty about the prevalence of obstructive coronary artery disease and long-term outcomes in patients with a zero-calcium score (ZCS). Methods and results: Consecutive patients with stable cardiac symptoms referred for CTCS or CTCS and CTCA from chest pain clinics to a tertiary cardiothoracic centre were prospectively enrolled...
May 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372963/2016-rad-aid-conference-on-international%C3%A2-radiology-for-developing-countries-gaps-growth-and-united-nations-sustainable-development-goals
#16
Daniel J Mollura, Garshasb Soroosh, Melissa P Culp
The 2016 RAD-AID Conference analyzed the accelerated global activity in the radiology community that is transforming medical imaging into an effective spearhead of health care capacity building in low- and middle-income countries. Global health efforts historically emphasized disaster response, crisis zones, and infectious disease outbreaks. However, the projected doubling of cancer and cardiovascular deaths in developing countries in the next 15 years and the need for higher technology screening and diagnostic technologies in low-resource regions, as articulated by the United Nations' new Sustainable Development Goals of 2016, is heightening the role of radiology in global health...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269515/measures-of-the-brain-functional-network-that-correlate-with-alzheimer-s-neuropsychological-test-scores-an-fmri-and-graph-analysis-study
#17
Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to structural topology deformation that in turn changes brain functionality. The main aim of the present study is to find the brain's functional connectivity network (FCN) correlates of Alzheimer's psychological test scores. To this end, the brain's FCN is extracted from the resting state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) of healthy controls and patients with AD and represented as a graph. Then, network measures are calculated from the graphs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248374/ultra-fast-analog-to-digital-converter-based-on-a-nonlinear-triplexer-and-an-optical-coder-with-a-photonic-crystal-structure
#18
Farhad Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Soroosh, Hamed Alipour-Banaei, Ebrahim Farshidi
In this paper, we propose what we believe is a novel all-optical analog-to-digital converter (ADC) based on photonic crystals. The proposed structure is composed of a nonlinear triplexer and an optical coder. The nonlinear triplexer is for creating discrete levels in the continuous optical input signal, and the optical coder is for generating a 2-bit standard binary code out of the discrete levels coming from the nonlinear triplexer. Controlling the resonant mode of the resonant rings through optical intensity is the main objective and working mechanism of the proposed structure...
March 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230376/facet-dependent-thermal-instability-in-licoo2
#19
Soroosh Sharifi-Asl, Fernando A Soto, Anmin Nie, Yifei Yuan, Hasti Asayesh-Ardakani, Tara Foroozan, Vitaliy Yurkiv, Boao Song, Farzad Mashayek, Robert F Klie, Khalil Amine, Jun Lu, Perla B Balbuena, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar
Thermal runaways triggered by the oxygen release from oxide cathode materials pose a major safety concern for widespread application of lithium ion batteries. Utilizing in situ aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) at high temperatures, we show that oxygen release from LixCoO2 cathode crystals is occurring at the surface of particles. We correlated this local oxygen evolution from the LixCoO2 structure with local phase transitions spanning from layered to spinel and then to rock salt structure upon exposure to elevated temperatures...
March 1, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227768/measures-of-the-brain-functional-network-that-correlate-with-alzheimer-s-neuropsychological-test-scores-an-fmri-and-graph-analysis-study
#20
Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to structural topology deformation that in turn changes brain functionality. The main aim of the present study is to find the brain's functional connectivity network (FCN) correlates of Alzheimer's psychological test scores. To this end, the brain's FCN is extracted from the resting state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) of healthy controls and patients with AD and represented as a graph. Then, network measures are calculated from the graphs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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