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Rachel Broderick, Iazsmin Ventura, Sunoz Soroosh, Lourdes Franco, Jon T Giles
OBJECTIVE: To assess a multimodal intervention for reducing missed opportunities for outpatient influenza vaccination in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with RA were enrolled from a single center and each rheumatology outpatient visit was tracked for missed opportunities for influenza vaccination, defined as a visit in which an unvaccinated patient without contraindications remained unvaccinated or lacked documentation of vaccine recommendation in the electronic medical record (EMR)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Soroosh Derakhshanfar, Rene Mbeleck, Kaige Xu, Xingying Zhang, Wen Zhong, Malcolm Xing
3D printing, an additive manufacturing based technology for precise 3D construction, is currently widely employed to enhance applicability and function of cell laden scaffolds. Research on novel compatible biomaterials for bioprinting exhibiting fast crosslinking properties is an essential prerequisite toward advancing 3D printing applications in tissue engineering. Printability to improve fabrication process and cell encapsulation are two of the main factors to be considered in development of 3D bioprinting...
June 2018: Bioactive Materials
Marina Koutsioumpa, Hsiao-Wang Chen, Neil O'Brien, Filippos Koinis, Swapna Mahurkar-Joshi, Christina Vorvis, Artin Soroosh, Tong Luo, Shawnt Issakhanian, Allan J Pantuck, Vasilis Georgoulias, Dimitrios Iliopoulos, Dennis J Slamon, Alexandra Drakaki
Bladder cancer (BC) represents a disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. MicroRNA-21 (MiR-21) has been found to have oncogenic activity in multiple cancers, including BC, while inhibition of its expression suppresses tumor growth. Here, we examine the molecular network regulated by miR-21 in BC and evaluate the effects of intravenous (I.V.) and intraperitoneal (I.P.) administration of a novel miR-21 chemical inhibitor in vivo. LNA miR-21 reduced the oncogenic potential of BC cells, while the MKAD-21 chemically-modified antisense oligo against miR-21, dose-dependently blocked xenograft growth...
April 27, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Simon Schwab, Ruth Harbord, Valerio Zerbi, Lloyd Elliott, Soroosh Afyouni, Jim Q Smith, Mark W Woolrich, Stephen M Smith, Thomas E Nichols
There are a growing number of neuroimaging methods that model spatio-temporal patterns of brain activity to allow more meaningful characterizations of brain networks. This paper proposes dynamic graphical models (DGMs) for dynamic, directed functional connectivity. DGMs are a multivariate graphical model with time-varying coefficients that describe instantaneous directed relationships between nodes. A further benefit of DGMs is that networks may contain loops and that large networks can be estimated. We use network simulations and human resting-state fMRI (N = 500) to investigate the validity and reliability of the estimated networks...
July 15, 2018: NeuroImage
Tina Daghooghi, Mohammad Soroosh, Karim Ansari-Asl
In this paper, a 2-to-4 all-optical decoder based on photonic crystal ring resonators is introduced. The photonic crystal structure has a 2D square chalcogenide rod lattice whose maximum response time is 2 ps. Three ring resonators including nonlinear rods with 9×10-17   m2 /W for a Kerr coefficient carry out a switching operation at 1550 nm wavelength. The switching speed of the device is 500 GHz, which is more than that in previously presented works. Also, the small size of the structure is sufficient for optical integrated circuits...
March 20, 2018: Applied Optics
Rohit Shukla, Soroosh Khoram, Erik Jorgensen, Jing Li, Mikko Lipasti, Stephen Wright
Emerging neural hardware substrates, such as IBM's TrueNorth Neurosynaptic System, can provide an appealing platform for deploying numerical algorithms. For example, a recurrent Hopfield neural network can be used to find the Moore-Penrose generalized inverse of a matrix, thus enabling a broad class of linear optimizations to be solved efficiently, at low energy cost. However, deploying numerical algorithms on hardware platforms that severely limit the range and precision of representation for numeric quantities can be quite challenging...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Atieh Makhlough, Soroosh Shekarchian, Reza Moghadasali, Behzad Einollahi, Mona Dastgheib, Ghasem Janbabaee, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Nasrin Falah, Fateme Abbasi, Hossein Baharvand, Nasser Aghdami
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss of kidney function and structure that affects approximately 13% of the population worldwide. A recent meta-analysis revealed that cell-based therapies improve impaired renal function and structure in preclinical models of CKD. We assessed the safety and tolerability of bone marrow-mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion in patients with CKD. METHODS: A single-arm study was carried out at one center with 18-month follow-up in seven eligible patients with CKD due to different etiologies such as hypertension, nephrotic syndrome (NS) and unknown etiology...
May 2018: Cytotherapy
Alexander Weymann, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Mikhail Ryazanov, Gary Tse, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Meghdad Sedaghat, William L Baker, Azam Ghanei, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Payman Izadpanah, Hamidreza Dehghan, Luca Testa, Maryam Nikfard, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, Ahmed Mashhour, Luis Nombela-Franco, Mohammad Rezaeisadrabadi, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Konstantin Zhigalov, Umberto Benedetto, Soroosh Aminolsharieh Najafi, Marcin Szczechowicz, Leonardo Roever, Lei Meng, Mengqi Gong, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Tullio Palmerini, Cecilia Linde, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Gregg W Stone, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a leading arrhythmia with high incidence and serious clinical implications after cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgery is associated with systemic inflammatory response including increase in cytokines and activation of endothelial and leukocyte responses. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukins (IL), with POAF following isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), isolated valvular surgery, or a combination of these procedures...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel, Zeynab Bayat, Mehrdad Hajilooi, Soroosh Shahryar-Hesami, Ali Mahdavinezhad, Lida Samie, Ghasem Solgi
BACKGROUND: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease that could be considered as a potential premalignant status. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the miRNA-146a and miRNA-155 expression levels in patients with oral Lichen planus lesions compared to healthy subjects with normal oral mucosa. METHODS: Forty patients with oral lichen planus and 18 healthy age and gender-matched controls were recruited in this case-control study. Oral lichen planus was diagnosed clinically and pathologically...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
Ali Saber, Milad Tafazzoli, Soroosh Mortazavian, David E James
Two common wetland plants, Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana) and Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana), were used in hydroponic cultivation systems for the treatment of simulated high-sulfate wastewaters. Plants in initial experiments at pH 7.0 removed sulfate more efficiently compared to the same experimental conditions at pH 6.0. Results at sulfate concentrations of 50, 200, 300, 600, 900, 1200, 1500 and 3000 mg/L during three consecutive 7-day treatment periods with 1-day rest intervals, showed decreasing trends of both removal efficiencies and uptake rates with increasing sulfate concentrations from the first to the second to the third 7-day treatment periods...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Artin Soroosh, Marina Koutsioumpa, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Dimitrios Iliopoulos
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases, primarily consisting of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The complex nature of the disease, as well as the limited therapeutic options characterized by low efficiency and major side effects, highlights the importance of developing novel strategies of therapeutic intervention in IBD. Susceptibility loci related to IBD are present only in a small percentage of IBD patients, implying that epigenetic modifications could influence the pathogenesis of the disease...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Soroosh Daqiqeh Rezaei, Jinfa Ho, Ray Jia Hong Ng, Seeram Ramakrishna, Joel K W Yang
Through numerical simulations, we investigate the correlation between the absorption cross-section and the color saturation of plasmonic nanostructures of varying density. Understanding this correlation, enables the prediction of an optimal nanostructure separation, or combinations of different nanostructure sizes for plasmonic color printing applications. Here, we use metal-insulator-metal (MIM) aluminum nanostructures that support gap-plasmons. Large absorption cross-sections were observed that exceed twelve times the physical cross-section of the nanostructure disks...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
M J Hong, B H Gu, M C Madison, C Landers, H Y Tung, M Kim, X Yuan, R You, A A Machado, B E Gilbert, P Soroosh, M Elloso, L Song, M Chen, D B Corry, G Diehl, F Kheradmand
Airborne pathogens commonly trigger severe respiratory failure or death in smokers with lung disease. Cigarette smoking compromises the effectiveness of innate immunity against infections but the underlying mechanisms responsible for defective acquired immune responses in smokers remains less clear. We found that mice exposed to chronic cigarette smoke recovered poorly from primary Influenza A pneumonia with reduced type I and II interferons (IFNs) and viral-specific immunoglobulins, but recruited γδ T cells to the lungs that predominantly expressed interleukin 17A (IL-17A)...
May 2018: Mucosal Immunology
Noriko Ogasawara, Julie A Poposki, Aiko I Klingler, Bruce K Tan, Ava R Weibman, Kathryn E Hulse, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, David B Conley, Joseph R Raviv, Pejman Soroosh, Omid Akbari, Tetsuo Himi, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Farhad Gharibdoost, Mahdi Vojdanian, Soosan G Soroosh, Mohsen Soroush, Arman Ahmadzadeh, Mohammad Ali Nazarinia, Mohammad Mousavi, Hadi Karimzadeh, Mohammad Reza Shakibi, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Maryam Sahebari, Asghar Hajiabbasi, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi, Najmeh Mahjourian, Amin Mohammadinejad Rashti
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare efficacy and safety of test-adalimumab (CinnoRA®, CinnaGen, Iran) to the innovator product (Humira®, AbbVie, USA) in adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority trial, a total of 136 patients with active RA were randomized to receive 40 mg subcutaneous injections of either CinnoRA® or Humira® every other week, while receiving methotrexate (15 mg/week), folic acid (1 mg/day), and prednisolone (7...
July 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Nezih Tolga Yardimci, Semih Cakmakyapan, Soroosh Hemmati, Mona Jarrahi
The scope and potential uses of time-domain terahertz imaging and spectroscopy are mainly limited by the low optical-to-terahertz conversion efficiency of photoconductive terahertz sources. State-of-the-art photoconductive sources utilize short-carrier-lifetime semiconductors to recombine carriers that cannot contribute to efficient terahertz generation and cause additional thermal dissipation. Here, we present a novel photoconductive terahertz source that offers a significantly higher efficiency compared with terahertz sources fabricated on short-carrier-lifetime substrates...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hadi Maazi, Homayon Banie, German R Aleman Muench, Nisheel Patel, Bowen Wang, Ishwarya Sankaranarayanan, Vipul Bhargava, Takahiro Sato, Gavin Lewis, Matteo Cesaroni, James Karras, Anuk Das, Pejman Soroosh, Omid Akbari
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is a prevalent inflammatory disease of the airways caused by dysregulated immune balance in the lungs with incompletely understood pathogenesis. The recently identified type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play significant roles in the pathogenesis of asthma. Although ILC2-activating factors have been identified, the mechanisms that suppress ILC2s remain largely unknown. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are important in antiviral immunity and in maintaining tolerance to inert antigens...
March 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Atieh Makhlough, Soroosh Shekarchian, Reza Moghadasali, Behzad Einollahi, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Neda Jaroughi, Tina Bolurieh, Hossein Baharvand, Nasser Aghdami
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a genetic ciliopathy disease characterized by progressive formation and enlargement of cysts in multiple organs. The kidneys are particularly affected and patients may eventually develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We hypothesize that bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMMSCs) are renotropic and may improve kidney function via anti-apoptotic, anti-fibrotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we aim to assess the safety and tolerability of a BMMSC infusion in ADPKD patients...
May 23, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Zahra Emrani, Soroosh Bateni, Hossein Rabbani
Real-time image processing is used in a wide variety of applications like those in medical care and industrial processes. This technique in medical care has the ability to display important patient information graphi graphically, which can supplement and help the treatment process. Medical decisions made based on real-time images are more accurate and reliable. According to the recent researches, graphic processing unit (GPU) programming is a useful method for improving the speed and quality of medical image processing and is one of the ways of real-time image processing...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Julie A Poposki, Aiko I Klingler, Bruce K Tan, Pejman Soroosh, Homayon Banie, Gavin Lewis, Kathryn E Hulse, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, David B Conley, Joseph R Raviv, James G Karras, Omid Akbari, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is characterized by type 2 inflammation with high levels of Th2 cytokines. Although T helper cytokines are released from T cells, innate lymphoid cells (ILC) are also known to produce high levels of the same cytokines. However, the presence of various types of ILC in CRS is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to fully characterize the presence of all ILC subsets in CRS and to identify phenotypical differences of group 2 ILC (ILC2) in CRSwNP compared to ILC2 from non-type 2 inflamed areas...
September 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
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