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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442274/sex-differences-in-exercise-efficacy-to-improve-cognition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-older-humans
#2
REVIEW
Cindy K Barha, Jennifer C Davis, Ryan S Falck, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Exercise is a non-pharmacological strategy to mitigate the deleterious effects of aging on brain health. However, a large amount of variation exists in its efficacy. Sex of participants and exercise type are two possible factors contributing to this variation. To better understand this, we conducted a concurrent systematic review and meta-analysis of cognitively healthy older adults. Executive functions, episodic memory, visuospatial function, word fluency, processing speed and global cognitive function were examined for exercise- and sex-dependent effects...
April 22, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437380/lifestyle-and-neurocognition-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-cognitive-impairment
#3
James A Blumenthal, Patrick J Smith, Stephanie Mabe, Alan Hinderliter, Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Pao-Hwa Lin, William Kraus, P Murali Doraiswamy, James Burke, Andrew Sherwood
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of lifestyle factors and neurocognitive functioning in older adults with vascular risk factors and cognitive impairment, without dementia (CIND). METHODS: One hundred sixty adults (Mean = 65.4±6.8 years) with CIND completed neurocognitive assessments of executive function, processing speed, and memory. Objective measures of physical activity using accelerometry, aerobic capacity determined by exercise testing, and dietary habits quantified by the Food Frequency Questionnaire and 4-Day Food Diary to assess adherence to the Mediterranean and DASH diets were obtained to assess direct effects with neurocognition...
April 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436061/resistance-exercise-reduces-memory-impairment-induced-by-monosodium-glutamate-in-male-and-female-rats
#4
Paulo Cesar Oliveira Araujo, Caroline Brandão Quines, Natália Silva Jardim, Marlon Regis Leite, Cristina Wayne Nogueira
NEW FINDINGS: Monosodium glutamate causes cognitive impairment. Resistance exercise is effective against monosodium glutamate induced memory impairment in male and female mice. ABSTRACT: Monosodium glutamate (MSG), a flavor enhancer in diets, causes cognitive impairment in humans. Exercise has been reported to protect against impairment of memory in humans. This study investigated if resistance exercise improves the performance of male and female rats treated with MSG in tests of memory and motor coordination...
April 23, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433238/pulmonary-rehabilitation-referral-and-participation-are-commonly-influenced-by-environment-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-consequences-a-systematic-review-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#5
Narelle S Cox, Cristino C Oliveira, Aroub Lahham, Anne E Holland
QUESTION: What are the barriers and enablers of referral, uptake, attendance and completion of pulmonary rehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? DESIGN: Systematic review of qualitative or quantitative studies reporting data relating to referral, uptake, attendance and/or completion in pulmonary rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: People aged >18years with a diagnosis of COPD and/or their healthcare professionals...
April 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428879/a-systems-biology-approach-to-investigating-the-influence-of-exercise-and-fitness-on-the-composition-of-leukocytes-in-peripheral-blood
#6
Michael P Gustafson, Ara Celi DiCostanzo, Courtney M Wheatley, Chul-Ho Kim, Svetlana Bornschlegl, Dennis A Gastineau, Bruce D Johnson, Allan B Dietz
BACKGROUND: Exercise immunology has become a growing field in the past 20 years, with an emphasis on understanding how different forms of exercise affect immune function. Mechanistic studies are beginning to shed light on how exercise may impair the development of cancer or be used to augment cancer treatment. The beneficial effects of exercise on the immune system may be exploited to improve patient responses to cancer immunotherapy. METHODS: We investigated the effects of acute exercise on the composition of peripheral blood leukocytes over time in a male population of varying fitness...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428145/prior-treadmill-exercise-promotes-resilience-to-vicarious-trauma-in-rats
#7
Camila Kochi, Hesong Liu, Safiyya Zaidi, Fatin Atrooz, Phoebe Dantoin, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychological condition, which can develop both from physically experiencing and also from witnessing traumatic events. There is evidence that physical exercise can have a positive impact on the symptoms of PTSD. Relevant to this, in our previous pre-clinical work, beneficial effects of treadmill exercise were reported on PTSD-like behaviors in a social defeat paradigm, a rat model of direct physical trauma. However, the role of exercise on vicariously acquired PTSD-like phenotype was not examined...
April 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422707/factors-underlying-cognitive-decline-in-old-age-and-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-the-hippocampus
#8
Wafa Jaroudi, Julia Garami, Sandra Garrido, Michael Hornberger, Szabolcs Keri, Ahmed A Moustafa
There are many factors that strongly influence the aetiology, development, and progression of cognitive decline in old age, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). These factors include not only different personality traits and moods but also lifestyle patterns (e.g. exercise and diet) and awareness levels that lead to cognitive decline in old age. In this review, we discuss how personality traits, mood states, and lifestyle impact brain and behaviour in older adults. Specifically, our review shows that these lifestyle and personality factors affect several brain regions, including the hippocampus, a region key for memory that is affected by cognitive decline in old age as well as AD...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420973/no-overt-effects-of-a-6-week-exergame-training-on-sensorimotor-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Madeleine Ordnung, Maike Hoff, Elisabeth Kaminski, Arno Villringer, Patrick Ragert
Several studies investigating the relationship between physical activity and cognition showed that exercise interventions might have beneficial effects on working memory, executive functions as well as motor fitness in old adults. Recently, movement based video games (exergames) have been introduced to have the capability to improve cognitive function in older adults. Healthy aging is associated with a loss of cognitive, as well as sensorimotor functions. During exergaming, participants are required to perform physical activities while being simultaneously surrounded by a cognitively challenging environment...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392296/anxious-behavior-induces-elevated-hippocampal-cb2-receptor-gene-expression
#10
James M Robertson, Justin K Achua, Justin P Smith, Melissa A Prince, Clarissa D Staton, Patrick J Ronan, Tangi R Summers, Cliff H Summers
Anxiety is differentially expressed across a continuum of stressful/fearful intensity, influenced endocannabinoid systems and receptors. The hippocampus plays important roles in the regulation of affective behavior, emotion, and anxiety, as well as memory. Location of Cb1/Cb2 receptor action could be important in determining emotional valence, because while the dorsal hippocampus is involved in spatial memory and cognition, the ventral hippocampus has projections to the PFC, BNST, amygdala, and HPA axis, and is important for emotional responses to stress...
April 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390878/protective-effects-of-different-exercise-modalities-in-an-alzheimer-s-disease-like-model
#11
Dilek Özbeyli, Gülce Sarı, Naziye Özkan, Betül Karademir, Meral Yüksel, Özlem Tuğçe Çilingir Kaya, Özgür Kasımay Çakır
Our aim was to investigate the probable protective effects of aerobic, resistance and combined exercise methods on ovariectomy and d-galactose induced Alzheimer's Disease (AD)-like model. d-galactose (100mg/kg) or saline were administered intraperitoneally for 6 weeks to ovariectomized or sham-operated rats (n=8/group). Aerobic (AE), resistance (RE) and combined exercises (CE) (aerobic+resistance) were performed for 3 times a week for 6 weeks. Anxiety level and cognitive functions were evaluated via hole-board and object recognition tests...
April 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388277/gender-stereotype-consistent-memories-how-system-justification-motivation-distorts-the-recollection-of-information-related-to-the-self
#12
Virginie Bonnot, Silvia Krauth-Gruber
Research based on system justification theory has shown that women's self-perceptions may be altered by the motivation to justify the system and its inequalities. Self-perceptions being built on past experiences, the present study aimed to explore how system justification motivation induced through a system dependency manipulation may alter both women's recall of autobiographical memories, and their behavior. Women who were led to feel highly dependent on the social system perceived themselves as more competent and recalled memories of higher competence in the verbal domain compared with the negatively stereotyped scientific domain...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386227/the-associations-among-insulin-resistance-hyperglycemia-physical-performance-diabetes-mellitus-and-cognitive-function-in-relatively-healthy-older-adults-with-subtle-cognitive-dysfunction
#13
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Taeko Makino, Kazuki Uemura, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takahiro Hayashi, Xian Wu Cheng, Masafumi Kuzuya
Insulin resistance (IR), diabetes mellitus (DM), sarcopenia, and cognitive dysfunction are thought to be mutually associated. We conducted a comprehensive assessment of the relationships among IR, gait speed, hyperglycemia, and DM by cross-sectionally analyzing the baseline data of an interventional study for cognitive preservation with physical exercise (the TOyota Preventional Intervention for Cognitive decline and Sarcopenia [TOPICS]). The participants (n = 444) were relatively healthy older individuals who had mild cognitive impairment without dementia, and 61 of the participants had DM...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373835/no-evidence-that-short-term-cognitive-or-physical-training-programs-or-lifestyles-are-related-to-changes-in-white-matter-integrity-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-dementia
#14
Patrick Fissler, Hans-Peter Müller, Olivia C Küster, Daria Laptinskaya, Franka Thurm, Alexander Woll, Thomas Elbert, Jan Kassubek, Christine A F von Arnim, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
Cognitive and physical activities can benefit cognition. However, knowledge about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these activity-induced cognitive benefits is still limited, especially with regard to the role of white matter integrity (WMI), which is affected in cognitive aging and Alzheimer's disease. To address this knowledge gap, we investigated the immediate and long-term effects of cognitive or physical training on WMI, as well as the association between cognitive and physical lifestyles and changes in WMI over a 6-month period...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371936/efficacy-of-task-specific-training-on-physical-activity-levels-of-people-with-stroke-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
Background: The majority of people after stroke demonstrate mobility limitations, which may reduce their physical activity levels. Task-specific training has shown to be an effective intervention to improve mobility in individuals with stroke, however, little is known about the impact of this intervention on levels of physical activity. Objectives: The main objective will be to investigate the efficacy of a task-specific training, focused on both upper and lower limbs, in improving physical activity levels and mobility in individuals with stroke...
March 23, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368181/the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs
#16
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser, Melanie A Watkins, Carline M Dalton, Heather Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow. This study evaluated the feasibility of implementing an empirically supported cognitive remediation program in routine rehabilitation services at 2 sites. METHOD: The Thinking Skills for Work (TSW) program was adapted for implementation at 2 sites of a large psychiatric rehabilitation agency providing prevocational services, but not community-based vocational services, which were provided off-site...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363680/exercising-control-over-memory-consolidation
#17
Edwin M Robertson, Adam Takacs
Exercise can improve human cognition. A mechanistic connection between exercise and cognition has been revealed in several recent studies. Exercise increases cortical excitability and this in turn leads to enhanced memory consolidation. Together these studies dovetail with our growing understanding of memory consolidation and how it is regulated through changes in motor cortical excitability.
May 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363594/thematic-analysis-how-do-patient-diaries-affect-survivors-psychological-recovery
#18
REVIEW
Angela Teece, John Baker
AIM: This review aims to use thematic analysis to explore and synthesise evidence of the actual or potential reported effects of diaries on the psychological rehabilitation and recovery of discharged critical care patients. BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that whilst admission to critical care may save patient lives, the psychological aftermath can damage a patient's recovery and these needs must be met. Patient diaries are one potential intervention to aid patients understand their critical illness and fill memory gaps caused by sedation, thus reducing psychological distress post-discharge...
March 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360847/effects-of-different-exercise-strategies-and-intensities-on-memory-performance-and-neurogenesis
#19
Kai Diederich, Anna Bastl, Heike Wersching, Anja Teuber, Jan-Kolja Strecker, Antje Schmidt, Jens Minnerup, Wolf-Rüdiger Schäbitz
It is well established that physical exercise affects both hippocampal neurogenesis and memory functions. Until now, distinctive effects of controlled and voluntary training (VT) on behavior and neurogenesis as well as interactions between exercise intensity, neurogenesis and memory performance are still elusive. The present study tested the impact of moderate controlled and VT on memory formation and hippocampal neurogenesis and evaluated interactions between exercise performance, learning efficiency and proliferation of progenitor cells in the hippocampus...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357162/health-health-care-and-systems-science-emerging-paradigm
#20
REVIEW
Ivo Janecka
Health is a continuum of an optimized state of a biologic system, an outcome of positive relationships with the self and others. A healthy system follows the principles of systems science derived from observations of nature, highlighting the character of relationships as the key determinant. Relationships evolve from our decisions, which are consequential to the function of our own biologic system on all levels, including the genome, where epigenetics impact our morphology. In healthy systems, decisions emanate from the reciprocal collaboration of hippocampal memory and the executive prefrontal cortex...
February 15, 2017: Curēus
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