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Childhood neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347895/-childhood-experiences-of-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-a-comparison-with-adolescents-in-residential-care-and-with-the-general-population
#1
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Andresen, Andrea Pohling, Marc Allroggen
Childhood Experiences of Adolescents in Boarding Schools. A Comparison with Adolescents in Residential Care and with the General Population Various studies indicate that students in boarding schools experience a lot of violence during their accommodation. However, it is not proved whether adolescents in boarding schools are also a burdensome group regarding early childhood experiences such as neglect and abuse. The aim of the study was to find out more about the experiences of adolescents in boarding schools and to determine whether there are differences between adolescents in residential care and between the general population...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336018/the-legacy-of-early-abuse-and-neglect-for-social-and-academic-competence-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#2
K Lee Raby, Glenn I Roisman, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, R Chris Fraley, Jeffry A Simpson
This study used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation (N = 267) to investigate whether abuse and neglect experiences during the first 5 years of life have fading or enduring consequences for social and academic competence over the next 3 decades of life. Experiencing early abuse and neglect was consistently associated with more interpersonal problems and lower academic achievement from childhood through adulthood (32-34 years). The predictive significance of early abuse and neglect was not attributable to the stability of developmental competence over time, nor to abuse and neglect occurring later in childhood...
January 15, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325449/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-young-people-limited-evidence-for-an-association-between-victimization-stress-and-epigenetic-variation-in-blood
#3
Sarah J Marzi, Karen Sugden, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Joe Burrage, David L Corcoran, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Eilis Hannon, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Carmine Pariante, Richie Poulton, Benjamin S Williams, Chloe C Y Wong, Jonathan Mill, Avshalom Caspi
OBJECTIVE: DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which early-life experiences become "embedded" in the genome and alter transcriptional processes to compromise health. The authors sought to investigate whether early-life victimization stress is associated with genome-wide DNA methylation. METHOD: The authors tested the hypothesis that victimization is associated with DNA methylation in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 twins born in England and Wales and assessed at ages 5, 7, 10, 12, and 18 years...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321699/the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-events-and-headache-related-parameters-in-patients-with-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study-in-turkish-population
#4
Esra Özdil Demiryürek, Bekir Enes Demiryürek, Atilla Tekin, Yeşim Güzey Aras, Belma Doğan Güngen, Sebatiye Erdoğan
Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between childhood traumatic events and headache-related clinical parameters in migraine patients. Methods: 95 patients diagnosed with migraine and 50 healthy controls were included in the study. A socio-demographic form, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were completed by all participants. Additionally, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Migraine Disability Assessment Test (MIDAS) were applied to migraine patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#5
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316648/effects-of-early-neglect-experience-on-recognition-and-processing-of-facial-expressions-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Victoria Doretto, Sandra Scivoletto
Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years...
January 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310443/the-combination-of-sibling-victimization-and-parental-child-maltreatment-on-mental-health-problems-and-delinquency
#7
Sheila R van Berkel, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, David Finkelhor
This study examined how the combination of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment is related to mental health problems and delinquency in childhood and adolescence. Co-occurrence, additive associations, and interactive associations of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment were investigated using a sample of 2,053 children aged 5-17 years from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. The results provide primarily evidence for additive associations and only suggest some co-occurrence and interactive associations of sibling victimization and child maltreatment...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301025/childhood-trauma-is-associated-with-severity-of-hallucinations-and-delusions-in-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Thomas Bailey, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Ana M Garcia-Sanchez, Carol Hulbert, Emma Barlow, Sarah Bendall
Introduction: Childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis. Furthermore, a number of theories propose specific mechanisms by which childhood trauma may contribute to more severe positive and negative psychotic symptoms, some of which are supported empirically. The robustness of this empirical evidence is unclear due to mixed results and methodological limitations of individual studies. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence for associations between childhood trauma and severity of hallucinations, delusions, and negative psychotic symptoms in clinical populations with a diagnosed psychotic disorder is needed...
January 2, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298106/the-complications-of-treating-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-low-income-countries-of-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Frederik A van Gemert, Bruce J Kirenga, Tewodros Haile Gebremariam, George Nyale, Corina de Jong, Thys van der Molen
In most low and middle-income countries, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is on the rise. Areas covered: Unfortunately, COPD is a neglected disease in these countries. Taking sub-Saharan Africa as an example, in rural areas, COPD is even unknown regarding public awareness and public health planning. Programs for the management of COPD are poorly developed, and the quality of care is often of a low standard. Inhaled medication is often not available or not affordable. Tobacco smoking is the most common encountered risk factor for COPD...
January 3, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#10
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294892/factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-among-children-aged-11-to-17-years-in-community-settings-of-karachi-pakistan-using-belsky-ecological-framework
#11
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, Muhammad Masood Kadir
Child maltreatment is considered as a global social issue and results as combined effect of parental background, socioeconomic environment, family structure, and child characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of 800 pairs (children ranging from 11 to 17 years old and their parents) was randomly selected from 32 clusters of Karachi, using multistage cluster sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted from the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Parent [ICAST-P] and for Child [ICAST-C])...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294890/childhood-trauma-trait-anxiety-and-anxious-attachment-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#12
Margaret M McClure, Megan Parmenter
The current study investigates the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood trauma, trait anxiety, depression, and anxious attachment in college students. Ninety-three male and 161 female undergraduate students at Fairfield University, ranging in age from 17 to 23, with a mean age of 18.8 years, participated. Participants completed five self-report inventories: The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294795/environmental-dysfunctions-childhood-maltreatment-and-women-s-intimate-partner-violence-victimization
#13
Maria Lo Cascio, Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Laura Mancuso, Anna Maria Parroco, Francesca Giannone
Childhood maltreatment is considered a crucial explanatory variable for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. However, a developmental multifactorial model for the etiology of IPV is not shared by researchers yet. This study has investigated the role of a wide range of childhood maltreatments and family and social dysfunctions in predicting IPV; furthermore, it tests a model where childhood maltreatment mediates the relationship between environmental dysfunctions and IPV. The sample included 78 women: IPV (38) and non-IPV (40)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294696/the-role-of-traumatic-childhood-experiences-in-predicting-a-disposition-to-risk-taking-and-aggression-in-turkish-university-students
#14
Hatice Odacı, Çiğdem Berber Çelik
The purpose of this research was to determine whether or not traumatic childhood experiences in childhood predict a disposition to risk-taking and aggression among university students. The participants consisted of 851 students: 477 (56.1%) females and 374 (43.9%) males attending various faculties at the Karadeniz Technical University in Turkey. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Adolescent Risk-Taking Scale, Aggression Questionnaire, and Personal Information Form were used for data collection. The analysis results revealed a positive correlation between traumatic experiences (physical, sexual, emotional maltreatment, and emotional neglect) and risk-taking and aggression...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294668/examining-the-relationship-between-witnessing-intimate-partner-violence-and-victimization-among-children-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Majid A Al-Eissa, Hassan N Saleheen, Maha Almuneef
Childhood exposure to violence can lead to physical, mental, and emotional harm, whether a child is a direct victim or a witness to violent events. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV) and victimization among children. A cross-sectional, national study was conducted in secondary high schools in the five main provinces of Saudi Arabia (SA) using International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) ISPCAN Child Abuse and Neglect Screening Tool-Child: Home version...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288867/differential-effects-of-childhood-neglect-and-abuse-during-sensitive-exposure-periods-on-male-and-female-hippocampus
#16
Martin H Teicher, Carl M Anderson, Kyoko Ohashi, Alaptagin Khan, Cynthia E McGreenery, Elizabeth A Bolger, Michael L Rohan, Gordana D Vitaliano
The hippocampus is a highly stress susceptible structure and hippocampal abnormalities have been reported in a host of psychiatric disorders including major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The hippocampus appears to be particularly susceptible to early life stress with a graded reduction in volume based on number of types (multiplicity) or severity of maltreatment. We assessed whether the most important predictors of adult hippocampal volume were multiplicity, severity or duration of exposure or timing of maltreatment during developmental sensitive periods...
December 27, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#17
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284379/sociodemographic-information-aversive-and-traumatic-events-offence-related-characteristics-and-mental-health-of-delinquent-women-in-forensic-psychiatric-care-in-switzerland
#18
Sandy Krammer, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Carole Fallegger, Michael Liebrenz, Dorothee Klecha
The present study describes a much understudied group-namely, female prisoners under forensic-psychiatric care in the German-speaking part of Switzerland-to improve understanding of their risks and their needs. Data were derived from internal databases of a Forensic-Psychiatric Service. Data were collected in the form of their sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of aversive and traumatic events, type of offence committed, and mental health conditions. Based on a full-sample approach, a total of 1,571 files were analysed...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283610/adverse-childhood-experiences-screening-and-health-in-children-from-birth-to-age-5
#19
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola A Conners Edge, Shalese Fitzgerald, Shashank Kraleti, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have lifetime consequences for health and development. This study examined whether there is evidence to support a screening approach that assesses children's current exposures to risks that act as proxies for ACEs, measured in a way that falls below a threshold of explicit abuse, neglect, or illegal behavior. METHOD: We used data collected during routine home visitations of at-risk children aged 0-5. Home visitors used the Family Map Inventories (FMI; Whiteside-Mansell et al...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281595/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-in-early-childhood-in-a-cohort-at-risk-for-child-abuse-and-neglect
#20
Elise Paul, Ana Ortin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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