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Childhood neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633060/childhood-adversity-and-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-major-depression
#1
Katharina Dannehl, Winfried Rief, Frank Euteneuer
OBJECTIVE: Major depression is often accompanied by deficits in cognitive functioning and lowered executive functions. However, not all depressed patients show impairments in these domains. The aim of this study was to examine whether different kinds of childhood adversity might account for cognitive deficits in patients with major depression. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with major depression (DSM-IV) and 40 healthy controls completed a neuropsychological test battery assessing memory, processing speed and executive functions...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625767/early-life-stress-perturbs-the-function-of-microglia-in-the-developing-rodent-brain-new-insights-and-future-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Frances K Johnson, Arie Kaffman
The role of the innate immune system in mediating some of the consequences of childhood abuse and neglect has received increasing attention in recent years. Most of the work to date has focused on the role that neuroinflammation plays in the long-term adult psychiatric and medical complications associated with childhood maltreatment. The effects of stress-induced neuroinflammation on neurodevelopment have received little attention because until recently this issue has not been studied systematically in animal models of early life stress...
June 15, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623759/associations-between-suicidal-behavior-and-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-meta-analysis
#3
Jianbo Liu, Yumin Fang, Jingbo Gong, Xilong Cui, Tiantian Meng, Bo Xiao, Yuqiong He, Yanmei Shen, Xuerong Luo
BACKGROUND: Relationships of some types of childhood maltreatment and suicidal behavior remain controversial and inconclusive. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane library were searched for eligible studies, and the results were synthesized in meta-analyses. RESULTS: childhood maltreatment was associated positively with suicidal behavior in the total population and maltreatment subgroups. Emotional abuse had the strongest effect (OR = 2...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622571/substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-cannabis-use-disorders-a-pre-birth-cohort-study
#4
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Jake Moses Najman, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Alexandra Clavarino, Steve Kisely
This study investigates the association between exposure to prospectively-substantiated childhood maltreatment between 0 and 14 years of age and lifetime cannabis use, abuse and dependence reported at 21 years. Data were taken from 2526 (51.6% female) participants in the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a pre-birth, prospective, cohort study. Prospectively-substantiated cases of childhood maltreatment, reported to the government child protection agencies between 0 and 14 years of age, were linked to CIDI DSM-IV self-report data from the 21-year follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618290/defining-trauma-in-complex-care-management-safety-net-providers-perspectives-on-structural-vulnerability-and-time
#5
Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Irene H Yen, Mark D Fleming, Meredith Van Natta, Sara Rubin, Janet K Shim, Nancy J Burke
In this paper, we delineate how staff of two complex care management (CCM) programs in urban safety net hospitals in the United States understand trauma. We seek to (1) describe how staff in CCM programs talk about trauma in their patients' lives; (2) discuss how trauma concepts allow staff to understand patients' symptoms, health-related behaviors, and responses to care as results of structural conditions; and (3) delineate the mismatch between long-term needs of patients with histories of trauma and the short-term interventions that CCM programs provide...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#6
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615475/infantile-amnesia-a-critical-period-of-learning-to-learn-and-remember
#7
Cristina M Alberini, Alessio Travaglia
Infantile amnesia, the inability of adults to recollect early episodic memories, is associated with the rapid forgetting that occurs in childhood. It has been suggested that infantile amnesia is due to the underdevelopment of the infant brain, which would preclude memory consolidation, or to deficits in memory retrieval. Although early memories are inaccessible to adults, early-life events, such as neglect or aversive experiences, can greatly impact adult behavior and may predispose individuals to various psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#8
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599232/the-relationship-between-subjective-experience-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy
#9
Sinem Yildiz Inanici, Mehmet Akif Inanici, A Tevfik Yoldemir
INTRODUCTION: Childhood abuse and neglect have devastating effects in adulthood such as depression. During pregnancy, depression's effects in women have great importance due to its serious consequences for both children and families. It is aimed to find out a relationship between childhood abuse/neglect and depression among pregnant women. METHOD: One-hundred-forty-four married and healthy volunteer pregnant women were recruited between February-May 2015 during their regular hospital visit...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595479/psychobiology-of-cumulative-trauma-hair-cortisol-as-a-risk-marker-for-stress-exposure-in-women
#10
Matthew C Morris, James L Abelson, Alyssa S Mielock, Uma Rao
Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with long-lasting alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and elevated risk for stress exposure in adulthood. Although HPA alterations are present in the early aftermath of trauma, it remains unclear how initial HPA activity is associated with subsequent stress exposure and whether CT exposure influences the strength and direction of this association. The present study examined prospective associations between hair cortisol content (HCC) and stress exposure from baseline to 3-month follow-up in young adult women with recent (i...
June 8, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595090/associations-between-motor-proficiency-in-children-with-history-of-maltreatment-and-living-in-social-economically-vulnerability
#11
Rodrigo Flores Sartori, Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Maria Helena da Silva Ramalho, Nadia Cristina Valentini
Maltreatment and living in poor socioeconomic conditions during childhood may implicate in deficits on motor proficiency, nevertheless, the literature on this issue is still scarce. The goal of the study was to investigate the possible associations among manual dexterity, aiming and catching tasks, and balance tasks for children who suffers maltreatment and lived in social vulnerability. Eighty-two (82) children (08-09 years old) participated in the study. Forty-one (41) belong to the (SEV-M Group) children living in social economic vulnerability and were previously maltreated (lived in foster homes as results of parental neglect and domestic violence), and 41 belong to the (SEV Group) children living in social economical vulnerability with no history of childhood maltreatment...
June 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593622/-emotional-scars-impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-the-development-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-later-in-life
#12
J G F M Hovens, E J Giltay, A M van Hemert, B W J H Penninx
Childhood trauma and negative life events in childhood are risk factors for the development of anxiety and depressive disorders in adulthood. <br/> AIM: To increase our understanding of the specific associations between trauma and negative life events in childhood and the development and course of anxiety and depressive disorders in adulthood.<br/> METHOD: Our research findings are based on data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). In our article we report on two cross-sectional and three prospective studies...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593483/adverse-childhood-experiences-in-a-post-bariatric-surgery-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#13
Kathryn Fink, Colin A Ross
BACKGROUND: Sixty-three inpatients in a psychiatric hospital who had previously undergone bariatric surgery were interviewed by the hospital dietitian. The purpose of the study was to determine the frequency of adverse childhood experiences in this population. METHODS: Participants completed the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Scale. RESULTS: The average score on the ACE was 5.4 (3.3); 76% of participants reported childhood emotional neglect, 70% childhood verbal abuse, and 64% childhood sexual abuse; only two participants reported no adverse childhood experiences...
June 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591057/increase-the-risk-of-intellectual-disability-in-children-with-scabies-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Jui-Ming Liu, Ren-Jun Hsu, Fung-Wei Chang, Chia-Lun Yeh, Chun-Fa Huang, Shu-Ting Chang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Hung-Yang Chang, Hsin Chi, Chien-Yu Lin
Scabies is a common and distressing disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. Psychiatric disorder in childhood is an important disease and easily neglected. There are several similarities in scabies and psychiatric disorders in childhood (PDC). Both of them may present with pruritus. They are relatively common in patients with lower socioeconomic status and crowded environment. Furthermore, immune-mediated inflammatory processes play a role in the pathophysiology in both diseases. An association between scabies and psychiatric disorders may exist...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583213/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-insecure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-adulthood-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-high-risk-sample-corrigendum
#15
K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, Elizabeth A Carlson, Glenn I Roisman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581653/early-childhood-maltreatment-and-pubertal-development-replication-in-a-population-based-sample
#16
Jane Mendle, Rebecca M Ryan, Kirsten M McKone
Early experiences are critically important for female reproductive development. Although a number of early childhood hardships predict earlier physical development in girls, research on specific populations suggests a distinct effect of childhood sexual abuse compared to other adversities. This study leverages the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 6,273 girls) to test the generalizability of these findings, examining associations of early physical abuse, sexual abuse, and physical neglect with pubertal timing...
September 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576548/defining-the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-cognitive-deficits-in-psychosis-an-exploratory-analysis
#17
Inga Schalinski, Martin H Teicher, Almut M Carolus, Brigitte Rockstroh
BACKGROUND: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and cognitive deficits are both prevalent in psychosis. While it has been repeatedly demonstrated that ACE contribute to cognitive dysfunctions, the specific nature of this contribution remains elusive. Recent evidence suggests that types of adversities during critical periods have deleterious effects on brain structures that are important for cognitive functioning. The present study sought to clarify which types of adversities experienced at which time during development aggravate cognitive deficits in psychosis...
May 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566970/parents-perceptions-about-child-abuse-and-their-impact-on-physical-and-emotional-child-abuse-a-study-from-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Mohammed N Al Dosari, Mazen Ferwana, Imad Abdulmajeed, Khaled K Aldossari, Jamaan M Al-Zahrani
OBJECTIVE: To determine perceptions of parents about child abuse, and their impact on physical and emotional child abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred parents attending three primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh serving National Guard employes and their families, were requested to participate in this survey. Data was collected by self administered questionnaire. Five main risk factors areas/domains were explored; three were parent related (personal factors, history of parents' childhood abuse, and parental attitude toward punishment), and two were family/community effects and factors specific to the child...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557570/childhood-maltreatment-emotional-lability-and-alcohol-problems-in-young-adults-at-risk-for-adhd-testing-moderation-and-moderated-moderation
#19
Nóra Bunford, Brian T Wymbs, Anne E Dawson, Ryan C Shorey
Childhood maltreatment and alcohol problems are common among young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, little is known about the degree to which maltreatment and alcohol problems are associated; potential pertinent mediating or moderating mechanisms, such as emotional lability; and whether this association varies by sex. We examined, in a sample of adults at risk for ADHD (N = 122, 37% male), the association between childhood maltreatment and alcohol problems, whether emotional lability mediated or moderated this association, and whether either role of emotional lability differed between men and women...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552459/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-traumatic-childhood-experiences-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alan Price, Penny A Cook, Sarah Norgate, Raja Mukherjee
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and traumatic childhood experiences (trauma) such as abuse or neglect can each cause central nervous system neurobiological changes or structural damage which can manifest as cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. In cases where both exposures have occurred, the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment may be greater, but this interaction has not been well studied. Here we present a systematic review that identified five primary research studies which investigated either the impact of trauma in children with PAE, or of PAE in children with trauma...
May 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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