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Childhood neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775871/associations-between-abuse-neglect-and-adhd-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-prospective-nationally-representative-twin-study
#1
Adi Stern, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Sara R Jaffee, Timothy Matthews, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Louise Arseneault
Child maltreatment has consistently been found to be associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the robustness of this association and the direction of the link between maltreatment and ADHD remain unclear. We used data from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a cohort of 2232 British twins, to investigate the associations between exposure to abuse/neglect and ADHD in childhood and in young adulthood, and to test their robustness and specificity. We also aimed to test longitudinal associations between abuse/neglect and ADHD from childhood to young adulthood, controlling for confounders...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775870/adverse-and-adaptive-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-parental-reflective-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#2
Ulrika Håkansson, Reidulf Watten, Kerstin Söderström, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Mothers with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at risk for maladaptive parenting practices, and have heightened likelihood of having experienced childhood adversity themselves. In addition, parental reflective functioning (PRF), a capacity underlying sensitive caregiving, is often low in mothers with SUD. This study examines the relationship between PRF and aversive (emotional, physical, sexual abuse and neglect) and adaptive (safety and competence) experiences, in different developmental phases (early childhood, latency, and adolescence) in mothers with a SUD...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773518/developmental-trajectories-of-brain-maturation-and-behavior-relevance-to-major-mental-illnesses
#3
REVIEW
Sedona Lockhart, Akira Sawa, Minae Niwa
Adverse events in childhood and adolescence, such as social neglect or drug abuse, are known to lead to behavioral changes in young adulthood. This is particularly true for the subset of people who are intrinsically more vulnerable to stressful conditions. Yet the underlying mechanisms for such developmental trajectory from early life insult to aberrant adult behavior remains elusive. Adolescence is a period of dynamic physiological, psychological, and behavioral changes, encompassing a distinct neurodevelopmental stage called the 'critical period'...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#4
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734111/a-pernicious-cycle-finding-the-pathways-from-child-maltreatment-to-adolescent-peer-victimization
#5
Dalhee Yoon, Susan Yoon, Jiho Park, Miyoung Yoon
The purpose of this study was to identify the pathways from childhood physical and sexual abuse to adolescent physical and sexual victimization by assessing behavior symptoms (both internalizing and externalizing) and peer popularity as potential mediating variables. The data derive from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN), which tracks the consequences of child abuse and neglect using five study sites across the US. Child physical and sexual abuse was measured at age 12 using self-reports of life-time maltreatment experiences...
May 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732237/measuring-acquired-capability-for-suicide-within-an-ideation-to-action-framework
#6
Taylor A Burke, Brooke A Ammerman, Anne C Knorr, Lauren B Alloy, Michael S McCloskey
Objective: Despite the large literature on risk factors for suicide-related outcomes, few studies have examined risk for acting on suicidal thoughts among suicide ideators. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining the role of acquired capability, as well as its hypothesized facilitator, painful and provocative events (PPEs), as motivators for behavior among individuals along the suicide continuum. Method: Undergraduates reporting suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts without intent to die, or suicide attempts with intent to die (N=546) completed a measure of acquired capability for suicide, as well as assessments of exposure to PPEs...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728866/pregnancy-in-women-with-psychotic-disorders-risk-factors-associated-with-mother-baby-separation
#7
Agathe Cès, Bruno Falissard, Nine M C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Florence Gressier
Pregnancy in women suffering from psychotic disorders is becoming more common. However, this psychiatric disorder is linked to the highest risk of early mother and child separation. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors associated with these separations. In an observational, naturalist, and multicentric study, 320 women suffering from a psychotic disorder and jointly hospitalized with their child in one of the sixteen mother-baby units (MBUs) in France and Belgium between 2001 and 2010 were assessed for risk factors associated with mother-child separation...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702176/bipolar-affective-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder-differentiation-based-on-the-history-of-early-life-stress-and-psychoneuroendocrine-measures
#8
Angela Kaline Mazer, Anthony J Cleare, Allan H Young, Mario F Juruena
INTRODUCTION: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BD) have clinical characteristics in common which often make their differential diagnosis difficult. The history of early life stress (ELS) may be a differentiating factor between BPD and BD, as well as its association with clinical manifestations and specific neuroendocrine responses in each of these diagnoses. OBJECTIVE: Assessing and comparing patients with BD and BPD for factors related to symptomatology, etiopathogenesis and neuroendocrine markers...
April 24, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701938/childhood-adversity-and-schizophrenia-the-protective-role-of-resilience-in-mental-and-physical-health-and-metabolic-markers
#9
Ellen E Lee, Averria Sirkin Martin, Xin Tu, Barton W Palmer, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of childhood adversity and current (adulthood) resilience on mental and physical health and markers of metabolic function among adults with schizophrenia and nonpsychiatric comparison participants (NCs). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 114 participants with schizophrenia (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and 101 NCs aged 26-65 years during 2012-2017. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory measures were examined. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire was used to retrospectively assess emotional abuse/neglect, physical abuse/neglect, and sexual abuse experienced during childhood...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695306/severe-caries-are-a-clue-for-child-neglect-a-case-report
#10
Henk Sillevis Smitt, Nancy Mintjes, Reinanke Hovens, Jenny de Leeuw, Tjalling de Vries
BACKGROUND: Child abuse and neglect have strong negative effects on the well-being of children, not only during childhood but also later in life. Therefore, early recognition is important. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 4-year-old Caucasian boy who had severe dental caries. This was a result of insufficient dental care: he refused to brush his teeth and drank sweetened drinks. We considered this dental neglect to be a manifestation of child neglect and social services were consequently called in to help the family...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679873/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-replication-and-extension-study-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-high-risk-youth
#11
Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Ana Cristina Matos-Ragazzo, Yuning Zhang, Nina Maia Vasconcelos, Michella Lopes Velasquez, Daniela Reis, Monica Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Maria Conceição Rosario, Paul Stallard, Charlotte A M Cecil
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347; age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration...
April 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677607/association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-chinese-senior-high-school-students-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#12
Yiling Lei, Chuhao Xi, Pengsheng Li, Min Luo, Wanxin Wang, Siyuan Pan, Xue Gao, Yan Xu, Guoliang Huang, Xueqing Deng, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and childhood maltreatment are currently serious problems among adolescents worldwide, and childhood maltreatment may be associated with the increased rates of NMPOU. This study examined the specific associations between particular types of childhood maltreatment and lifetime NMPOU and assessed whether gender has a moderating effect on these associations. METHODS: A 3-stage, stratified cluster, randomized sampling method was used to collect data from 11,194 high school students in Chongqing...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665947/the-burden-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-children
#13
H E Jenkins, C M Yuen
BACKGROUND: Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has historically been neglected, although in recent years there has been increased focus on this problem. In particular, there have been two efforts to estimate the burden of pediatric multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). METHODS: We review current estimates of the global incidence of pediatric MDR-TB disease. We then combine pediatric MDR-TB treatment data from the World Health Organization and recently published case fatality ratio estimates for children with TB to produce mortality estimates for children with MDR-TB...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663846/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Aliya R Webermann, Christopher M Murphy
The present study assesses childhood abuse/neglect as a predictor of dissociative intimate partner violence (IPV) among 118 partner-abusive men. One third (36%) endorsed dissociative IPV, most commonly losing control (18%), surroundings seeming unreal (16%), feeling someone other than oneself is aggressing (16%), and seeing oneself from a distance aggressing (10%). Childhood physical abuse/neglect predicted IPV-specific derealization/depersonalization, aggressive self-states, and flashbacks to past violence...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658499/-the-impact-of-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-substance-use-disorders
#15
E A Katan
The review of literature over the last decade addresses the impact of childhood abuse and neglect on the further development of addictions and mental disorders. The results of the studies have been analyzed in the aspect of abuse, age and gender characteristics in childhood and variants of consequences: from neurodevelopment to behavioral disorders. Childhood abuse and neglect is associated with the higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behavior and some psychiatric diseases. Attention is focused on the fact that adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) report higher rates of child abuse than adults without SUDs...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656217/religiosity-and-interpersonal-problems-explain-individual-differences-in-self-esteem-among-young-adults-with-child-maltreatment-experiences
#16
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652901/early-postnatal-soluble-fgfr3-therapy-prevents-the-atypical-development-of-obesity-in-achondroplasia
#17
Celine Saint-Laurent, Stephanie Garcia, Vincent Sarrazy, Karine Dumas, Florence Authier, Sophie Sore, Albert Tran, Philippe Gual, Isabelle Gennero, Jean-Pierre Salles, Elvire Gouze
BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia is a rare genetic disease is characterized by abnormal bone development and early obesity. While the bone aspect of the disease has been thoroughly studied, early obesity affecting approximately 50% of them during childhood has been somewhat neglected. It nevertheless represents a major health problem in these patients, and is associated to life-threatening complications including increasing risk of cardiovascular pathologies. We have thus decided to study obesity in patients and to use the mouse model to evaluate if soluble FGFR3 therapy, an innovative treatment approach for achondroplasia, could also impact the development of this significant complication...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626828/higher-concentration-of-interleukin-6-a-possible-link-between-major-depressive-disorder-and-childhood-abuse
#18
Ana Munjiza, Milutin Kostic, Danilo Pesic, Milan Gajic, Ivanka Markovic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski
Little is known about the correlation between IL-6 and childhood abuse and neglect which may be risk factors for the development of affective disorders in adulthood. The aim of this study was to analyze differences in serum concentrations of IL-6 between patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls, and to investigate possible correlations with adverse childhood experiences. Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained from 64 patients who fulfilled DSM-IV-R criteria for a current major depressive episode without psychotic symptoms (MDD) and 53 healthy controls, matched for age and gender...
March 28, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626785/men-s-experiences-of-early-life-trauma-and-pathways-into-long-term-homelessness
#19
Julia Woodhall-Melnik, James R Dunn, Stephen Svenson, Caroline Patterson, Flora I Matheson
Previous studies that have explored the association between childhood trauma and homelessness indicate that traumatic events can lead to survivor distrust of interpersonal relationships and institutions, prolonged homelessness and poor health and social outcomes. The majority of this literature relies on quantitative data and fails to investigate the personal experiences of childhood trauma that are found to impact housing status later in life. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 men living in an urban area in Ontario who had spent more than 30 consecutive nights in an emergency shelter over the course of their housing histories...
April 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624612/childhood-traumas-as-a-risk-factor-for-hiv-risk-behaviours-amongst-young-women-and-men-living-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Andrew Gibbs, Kristin Dunkle, Laura Washington, Samantha Willan, Nwabisa Shai, Rachel Jewkes
Childhood traumas, in the form of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and neglect, are globally widespread and highly prevalent, and associated with a range of subsequent poor health outcomes. This study sought to understand the relationship between physical, sexual and emotional childhood abuse and subsequent HIV-risk behaviours amongst young people (18-30) living in urban informal settlements in Durban, South Africa. Data came from self-completed questionnaires amongst 680 women and 677 men comprising the baseline of the Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention trial...
2018: PloS One
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