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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434107/early-life-obesity-prevention-critique-of-intervention-trials-during-the-first-one-thousand-days
#1
REVIEW
John J Reilly, Anne Martin, Adrienne R Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critique the evidence from recent and ongoing obesity prevention interventions in the first 1000 days in order to identify evidence gaps and weaknesses, and to make suggestions for more informative future intervention trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Completed and ongoing intervention trials have had fairly modest effects, have been limited largely to high-income countries, and have used relatively short-term interventions and outcomes. Comparison of the evidence from completed prevention trials with the evidence from systematic reviews of behavioral risk factors shows that some life-course stages have been neglected (pre-conception and toddlerhood), and that interventions have neglected to target some important behavioral risk factors (maternal smoking during pregnancy, infant and child sleep)...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432737/outcome-reporting-across-randomised-controlled-trials-evaluating-therapeutic-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
James M N Duffy, Martin Hirsch, Anusuya Kawsar, Chris Gale, Louise Pealing, Maria N Plana, Marian Showell, Paula R Williamson, Khalid S Khan, Sue Ziebland, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Standardising outcome collection and reporting in pre-eclampsia trials requires an appraisal of current outcome reporting. OBJECTIVES: To map maternal and offspring outcome reporting across randomised trials evaluating therapeutic interventions for pre-eclampsia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Randomised trials were identified by searching bibliographical databases from inception to January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#3
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#4
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413918/mothers-who-were-neglected-in-childhood-show-differences-in-neural-response-to-their-infant-s-cry
#5
Dorianne B Wright, Heidemarie K Laurent, Jennifer C Ablow
The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how a mother's experience of neglect in her own childhood is associated with her neural response to her infant's distress cues. During scanning, 22 high-risk primiparous mothers were exposed to both their own 18-month-old infant's cry sound and a control sound. Mothers' continuous Neglect subscale scores from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were examined as a predictor of their neural response to own infant cry > control sound...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411577/perceived-parental-child-rearing-and-attachment-as-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-symptoms-in-children-the-mediational-role-of-attachment
#6
Paloma Chorot, Rosa M Valiente, Ana M Magaz, Miguel A Santed, Bonifacio Sandin
The present study aimed to examine (a) the relative contribution of perceived parental child-rearing behaviors and attachment on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (b) the role of attachment as a possible mediator of the association between parental rearing and anxiety and depression. A sample of 1002 children (aged 9-12 years) completed a booklet of self-report questionnaires measuring parental rearing behaviors, attachment towards peers, and DSM anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. We found that parental aversiveness, parental neglect, and fearful/preoccupied attachment, each accounted for a significant amount of the variance in both anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407156/enhancing-care-models-to-capture-psychological-trauma
#7
Mary Suzanne Balch, Jo Loomis
Toxic levels of stress in childhood are an ongoing threat to public health. Traumatized children have special needs for health care to address their developmental, mental health, and medical problems, and mitigate risk for long-term health problems. Developmental trauma leads to increased use of medical, social, correctional, and mental health services. Longitudinal and retrospective studies link childhood trauma and adversity to academic difficulties, poor health, and low economic productivity in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401830/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-insecure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-adulthood-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-high-risk-sample
#8
K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, Elizabeth A Carlson, Glenn I Roisman
The present report used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation to investigate the factor structure and childhood abuse and/or neglect related antecedents of adults' attachment states of mind in a high-risk sample. Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) were collected when participants were age 26 years (N = 164) and Current Relationship Interviews (CRIs) were collected from participants (N = 116) and their romantic partners when target participants were between ages 20 and 28 years (M = 25...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401829/attachment-states-of-mind-and-inferred-childhood-experiences-in-maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents-from-low-income-families
#9
Glenn I Roisman, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti, Ashley M Groh, John D Haltigan, Katherine C Haydon, Ashley S Holland, Ryan D Steele
This paper reports the first large-sample investigation of the maltreatment-related correlates of low-income adolescents' narratives about their childhood experiences with primary caregivers, as assessed with a modified version of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and based on official reports of abuse and neglect (maltreated n = 214, nonmaltreated n = 140; M age = 16.7 years). Drawing on factor-analytic and taxometric evidence indicating that AAI narratives vary along two state of mind (i.e., dismissing and preoccupied) and two inferred childhood experience (i...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395075/a-comparison-of-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-depressive-symptoms-among-american-indian-and-caucasian-older-adults
#10
Catherine Elizabeth Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, Lisa A Newland, Jung Sim Jun
Despite efforts to reduce health disparities, many American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, including older adults, experience elevated levels of depression and associated suicide. Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and social support are well-documented risk and protective factors for depression in the general population, little is known about AI/AN populations, especially older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to depression among a sample of AI older adults in the Midwest...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392776/manifestation-of-trauma-the-effect-of-early-traumatic-experiences-and-adult-attachment-on-parental-reflective-functioning
#11
Pamela San Cristobal, Maria P Santelices, Daniel A Miranda Fuenzalida
There are many risk factors that make the transition to parenthood difficult, even in the best of circumstances. One such risk factor is the experience of parental childhood trauma, which has the potential to affect the parent/child relationship, both in terms of attachment style parental reflective functioning. This study aims to expand on the line of research concerned with the effects that trauma has once that child transitions into adulthood and into parenthood by looking at the role that the experience of trauma and adult attachment has in relation to parental reflective functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375720/child-maltreatment-and-risk-for-psychopathology-in-childhood-and-adulthood
#12
Sara R Jaffee
Although rates of child maltreatment are declining, more than 600,000 children in the United States are substantiated victims of abuse or neglect. The focus of this review is on the relationship between maltreatment and mental health problems in childhood and adulthood. Children and adults who are exposed to abuse or neglect in childhood are at risk for a range of poor mental health outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, posttraumatic stress disorder, psychotic symptoms, and personality disorders...
March 30, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374655/childhood-maltreatment-in-children-born-of-occupation-after-wwii-in-germany-and-its-association-with-mental-disorders
#13
Heide Glaesmer, Philipp Kuwert, Elmar Braehler, Marie Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Children born of war are a common phenomenon of conflict. In the aftermath of World War II, more than 200,000 German occupation children (GOC) were fathered by occupation soldiers and born to local women. GOC often grew up under difficult conditions and showed high prevalence rates of mental disorders even decades later. METHODS: Experiences of childhood maltreatment and their association with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and somatization in GOC (N = 146) are investigated and compared with a representative birth-cohort-matched sample (BCMS) from the German general population (N = 920)...
April 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374193/relationship-of-self-mutilative-behaviour-with-history-of-childhood-trauma-and-adult-adhd-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#14
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale)...
April 3, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369890/impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-course-of-panic-disorder-contribution-of-clinical-and-personality-characteristics
#15
Maud De Venter, Filip Van Den Eede, Thomas Pattyn, Kristien Wouters, Dick J Veltman, Brenda W J H Penninx, Bernard G Sabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood trauma on the clinical course of panic disorder and possible contributing factors. METHOD: Longitudinal data of 539 participants with a current panic disorder were collected from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Childhood trauma was assessed with a structured interview and clinical course after 2 years with a DSM-IV-based diagnostic interview and the Life Chart Interview. RESULTS: At baseline, 54...
March 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369463/childhood-injury-prevention-predictors-of-home-hazards-in-latino-families-enrolled-in-safecare%C3%A2
#16
Alexandra Slemaker, Hannah C Espeleta, Zohal Heidari, Som B Bohora, Jane F Silovsky
 This archival project (a) examined potential risk and protective factors for hazards in the homes of Spanish-speaking immigrant Latino families and (b) provided an independent examination of the SafeCare®+ Home Safety module adapted for Latino families at high risk for child neglect.  The sample comprised 92 Latina caregivers of young children enrolled in SafeCare®+.  Results of the negative binomial regression model of predictors of home hazards before the Home Safety module found none of the factors were significant...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351403/childhood-neglect-predicts-the-course-of-major-depression-in-a-tertiary-care-sample-a-follow-up-study
#17
Sabrina Paterniti, Irit Sterner, Christine Caldwell, Jean-Claude Bisserbe
BACKGROUND: The course of depression is poorer in clinical settings than in the general population. Several predictors have been studied and there is growing evidence that a history of childhood maltreatment consistently predicts a poorer course of depression. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2012, we assessed 238 individuals suffering from a current episode of major depression. Fifty percent of these (N = 119) participated in a follow-up study conducted between 2012 and 2014 that assessed sociodemographic and clinical variables, the history of childhood abuse and neglect (using the Adverse Childhood Experience questionnaire), and the course of depression between baseline and follow-up interview (using the Life Chart method)...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351202/history-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#18
Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Kalil Antonio Salotti Tawasha, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão, Marcel Kawashima Hisano, Aska Moriyama, Francisco Jose Candido-Dos-Reis, Júlio Cesar Rosa-E-Silva, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of physical, sexual and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect suffered by women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) during childhood and whether these occurrences are associated with symptoms of pain, anxiety and depression. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 154 women older than 18 years, 77 of them healthy and 77 with CPP. A history of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect was determined using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338760/childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-hallucinations-delusional-experiences-and-psychosis-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, James G Scott, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Child maltreatment is a widespread public health problem associated with a range of mental health disorders later in life. In order to effectively address these disorders, there is a need to understand more about the mental health consequences of different types of child maltreatment. This study examines the associations between prospectively substantiated child maltreatment (ages 0-14 y) and reports of hallucinations and delusional experiences at 21 years after birth. As well, we examined 12-month and lifetime psychotic disorders using data from a longitudinal birth cohort...
January 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#20
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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