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Michael Mauksch, Svetlana B Tsogoeva
Magnetic aromaticity and antiaromaticity of closed shell metalloaromatics with 4d transition metals (Nb, Tc, Rh) is strictly correlated with orbital topology (Möbius or Hückel) of their π-HOMO, investigated computationally with DFT methods. A surprisingly simple rule emerged: the metallacycle is aromatic (antiaromatic) when the number of π MO's is even and the π-HOMO is of Möbius (Hückel) topology - and vice versa when the number of π MO's is odd.
May 16, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Raban V Jeger, Sven Möbius-Winkler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Lancet
Lei Xu, Z R Gong, Ming-Jie Tao, Qing Ai
We theoretically study artificial light harvesting by a Möbius ring. When the donors in the ring are dimerized, the energies of the donor ring are split into two subbands. Because of the nontrivial Möbius boundary condition, both the photon and acceptor are coupled to all collective-excitation modes in the donor ring. Therefore, the quantum dynamics in the light harvesting is subtly influenced by dimerization in the Möbius ring. It is discovered that energy transfer is more efficient in a dimerized ring than that in an equally spaced ring...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
Thomas E Gladwin, Martin Möbius, Shane McLoughlin, Ian Tyndall
Dot-probe or visual probe tasks (VPTs) are used extensively to measure attentional biases. A novel variant termed the cued VPT (cVPT) was developed to focus on the anticipatory component of attentional bias. This study aimed to establish an anticipatory attentional bias to threat using the cVPT and compare its split-half reliability with a typical dot-probe task. A total of 120 students performed the cVPT task and dot-probe tasks. Essentially, the cVPT uses cues that predict the location of pictorial threatening stimuli, but on trials on which probe stimuli are presented the pictures do not appear...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Psychology
Fumitoshi Ema, Mana Tanabe, Shohei Saito, Tomoki Yoneda, Kenji Sugisaki, Takashi Tachikawa, Seiji Akimoto, Seigo Yamauchi, Kazunobu Sato, Atsuhiro Osuka, Takeji Takui, Yasuhiro Kobori
Möbius aromatic molecules have attracted great attention as new functional materials because of their π-orbital cyclic conjugations lying along the twisted Möbius topology. To elucidate the electronic character of the lowest excited triplet (T1 ) state of a Möbius aromatic [28]hexaphyrin, we employed a time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) method with applied magnetophotoselection measurements at 77 K. Analyses of the EPR parameters have revealed that the T1 state possesses intramolecular charge-transfer (CT) character together with local excitation character residing at one side in the Möbius strip ring...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Martin Cramer Pedersen, Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs, Stephen T Hyde
This paper describes an invariant representation for finite graphs embedded on orientable tori of arbitrary genus, with working examples of embeddings of the Möbius-Kantor graph on the torus, the genus-2 bitorus and the genus-3 tritorus, as well as the two-dimensional, 7-valent Klein graph on the tritorus (and its dual: the 3-valent Klein graph). The genus-2 and -3 embeddings describe quotient graphs of 2- and 3-periodic reticulations of hyperbolic surfaces. This invariant is used to identify infinite nets related to the Möbius-Kantor and 7-valent Klein graphs...
May 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations and Advances
Keiichi Watanabe
In this article, we show two fundamental features of the restriction of Möbius operations to the real numbers, that is, a Cauchy type inequality and a criterion for convergence of series.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
David Chwei-Chin Chuang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Vincent G Laurence
BACKGROUND: Using functioning free muscle transplantation (FFMT) for facial paralysis and postparalysis facial synkinesis reconstruction is our preferred technique. Gracilis was the first choice of muscle. Three motor neurotizers: cross-face nerve graft (CFNG), spinal accessory nerve (XI) and masseter nerve (V3) have been used as neurotizers for different indications. METHODS: A total of 362 cases of facial reanimation with FFMT were performed between 1986 and 2015...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Fady Sedarous, Toby Y B Chan, Inas Makar
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders, also known as CCDDs, are characterized by aberrant innervation to extraocular and facial muscles resulting in unusual forms of incomitant strabismus. Anomalous innervation to extraocular muscles can result in a wide variety of phenotypes causing various clinical conditions such as Duane syndrome, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles, and Möbius syndrome. We report a case of bilateral dysinnervation disorder causing atypical ocular movements in both eyes as the patient changes fixation from one eye to the other and from right gaze to left gaze that fits with the wider diagnosis of CCDDs...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ghodrat Mahmoudi, Farhad A Afkhami, Alfonso Castiñeiras, Isabel García-Santos, Atash Gurbanov, Fedor I Zubkov, Mariusz P Mitoraj, Mercedes Kukułka, Filip Sagan, Dariusz W Szczepanik, Irina A Konyaeva, Damir A Safin
We report the design as well as structural and spectroscopic characterizations of two new coordination compounds obtained from Cd(NO3 )2 ·4H2 O and polydentate ligands, benzilbis(pyridin-2-yl)methylidenehydrazone (LI ) and benzilbis(acetylpyridin-2-yl)methylidenehydrazone (LII ), in a mixture with two equivalents of NH4 NCS in MeOH, namely [Cd(SCN)(NCS)(LI )(MeOH)] (1) and [Cd(NCS)2 (LII )(MeOH)] (2). Both LI and LII are bound via two pyridyl-imine units yielding a tetradentate coordination mode giving rise to the 12 π electron chelate ring...
March 27, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Irina Domantovsky, Jocelyne Copeland, Rachel M Clancy, Ronald Zuker, Gregory H Borschel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Andrew MacQuarrie, Anthony Steed
360° images and video have become extremely popular formats for immersive displays, due in large part to the technical ease of content production. While many experiences use a single camera viewpoint, an increasing number of experiences use multiple camera locations. In such multi-view 360° media (MV360M) systems, a visual effect is required when the user transitions from one camera location to another. This effect can take several forms, such as a cut or an image-based warp, and the choice of effect may impact many aspects of the experience, including issues related to enjoyment and scene understanding...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Elbert E Vaca, Sergey Y Turin, Arun K Gosain
Difficulty with speech intelligibility in Mobius syndrome patients due to bilabial incompetence is common yet rarely discussed. We present a patient with Mobius syndrome who underwent counterclockwise LeFort I impaction to improve her labial competence. In addition, we present a literature review of management strategies for labial incompetence correction in Mobius patients. At 7-year follow-up after LeFort 1 impaction, the patient reports improvement in speech intelligibility, specifically regarding the ability to pronounce bilabial consonants...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Lukas N Wirz, Maria Dimitrova, Heike Fliegl, Dage Sundholm
The topology of twisted molecular rings is characterized by the linking number, which is equal to the sum of the twist-a local property of the molecular frame-and the writhe-a global parameter, which represents the bending of the molecular ring. In this work, we investigate a number of cyclic all- trans C40 H40 annulenes with varying twisting numbers for a given linking number and their dications. The aromatic character is assessed by calculating ring-current strength susceptibilities using the gauge-including magnetically induced currents (GIMIC) method, which makes it possible to conduct a systematic study of the relation between the topology and aromaticity of twisted molecules...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Nicole Gilgen, Ahmed Farah, Bruno Scheller, Marc-Alexander Ohlow, Norman Mangner, Daniel Weilenmann, Jochen Wöhrle, Peiman Jamshidi, Gregor Leibundgut, Sven Möbius-Winkler, Robert Zweiker, Florian Krackhardt, Christian Butter, Leonhard Bruch, Christoph Kaiser, Andreas Hoffmann, Peter Rickenbacher, Christian Mueller, Frank-Peter Stephan, Michael Coslovsky, Raban Jeger
The treatment of coronary small vessel disease (SVD) remains an unresolved issue. Drug-eluting stents (DES) have limited efficacy due to increased rates of instent-restenosis, mainly caused by late lumen loss. Drug-coated balloons (DCB) are a promising technique because native vessels remain structurally unchanged. Basel Stent Kosten-Effektivitäts Trial: Drug-Coated Balloons vs. Drug-Eluting Stents in Small Vessel Interventions (BASKET-SMALL 2) is a multicenter, randomized, controlled, noninferiority trial of DCB vs DES in native SVD for clinical endpoints...
March 11, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Denise Rabold, Werner Espelage, Muna Abu Sin, Tim Eckmanns, Alexander Schneeberg, Heinrich Neubauer, Nadine Möbius, Katja Hille, Lothar H Wieler, Christian Seyboldt, Antina Lübke-Becker
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in humans range from asymptomatic carriage to life-threatening intestinal disease. Findings on C. difficile in various animal species and an overlap in ribotypes (RTs) suggest potential zoonotic transmission. However, the impact of animals for human CDI remains unclear. METHODS: In a large-scale survey we collected 1,447 fecal samples to determine the occurrence of C. difficile in small companion animals (dogs and cats) and their owners and to assess potential epidemiological links within the community...
2018: PloS One
Yair Hillman, Josh Kim, Indrin Chetty, Ning Wen
PURPOSE: Mobius 3D (M3D) provides a volumetric dose verification of the treatment planning system's calculated dose using an independent beam model and a collapsed cone convolution superposition algorithm. However, there is a lack of investigation into M3D's accuracy and effectiveness for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) quality assurance (QA). Here, we collaborated with the vendor to develop a revised M3D beam model for SRS/SBRT cases treated with a 6X flattening filter-free (FFF) beam and high-definition multiple leaf collimator (HDMLC) on an Edge linear accelerator...
April 2018: Medical Physics
Christoph Vogelbacher, Thomas W D Möbius, Jens Sommer, Verena Schuster, Udo Dannlowski, Tilo Kircher, Astrid Dempfle, Andreas Jansen, Miriam H A Bopp
Large, longitudinal, multi-center MR neuroimaging studies require comprehensive quality assurance (QA) protocols for assessing the general quality of the compiled data, indicating potential malfunctions in the scanning equipment, and evaluating inter-site differences that need to be accounted for in subsequent analyses. We describe the implementation of a QA protocol for functional magnet resonance imaging (fMRI) data based on the regular measurement of an MRI phantom and an extensive variety of currently published QA statistics...
May 15, 2018: NeuroImage
Gina R A Ferrari, Martin Möbius, Eni S Becker, J Spijker, Mike Rinck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general positivity training, a Cognitive Bias Modification procedure modifying individuals' approach-avoidance tendencies to positively and negatively valenced pictures by means of a joystick task, has been proven effective in attenuating stress reactivity in dysphoric students. The present study explored which training component (pull positive pictures, push negative pictures, or both) is the active one in changing action tendencies and stress responses...
June 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Holger Steinberg, Peter Schönknecht
This paper aims to investigate the character and etiological basis of German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's mental disorder. From 1898, German neuropsychiatrist Paul Julius Möbius developed the hypothesis that Goethe's work provided several hints for the notion that the German poet suffered from a distinct bipolar disorder. The paper investigates Möbius's psychopathographic study on Goethe and his hypothesis of a mood periodicity in Goethe against the mirror of modern concepts. Möbius came to the conclusion that Goethe's illness was bipolar in character and became visible at intervals of seven years and lasted for about two years...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
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