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New lines management of lactic acidosis

Clifford J Bailey
Metformin (dimethylbiguanide) has become the preferred first-line oral blood glucose-lowering agent to manage type 2 diabetes. Its history is linked to Galega officinalis (also known as goat's rue), a traditional herbal medicine in Europe, found to be rich in guanidine, which, in 1918, was shown to lower blood glucose. Guanidine derivatives, including metformin, were synthesised and some (not metformin) were used to treat diabetes in the 1920s and 1930s but were discontinued due to toxicity and the increased availability of insulin...
September 2017: Diabetologia
J J Gargus, K Boyle, M Bocian, D S Roe, C Vianey-Saban, C R Roe
The mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and fatty acid oxidation pathways have traditionally been considered independent major sources of cellular energy production; however, case reports of patients with specific enzymatic defects in either pathway have suggested the potential for a complex interference between the two. This study documents a new site of interference between the two pathways, a site in respiratory complex II capable of producing clinical signs of a block in fatty acid oxidation and reduced in vitro activity of acyl-CoA dehydrogenases...
2003: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
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