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Chest infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815025/oesophageal-candidiasis-and-squamous-cell-cancer-in-patients-with-gain-of-function-stat1-gene-mutation
#1
Sara Koo, Deepak Kejariwal, Tariq Al-Shehri, Anjan Dhar, Desa Lilic
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal candidiasis is a common, usually self-limiting opportunistic infection, but long-term infection with Candida is known to predispose to oral and oesophageal squamous cell cancer (SCC). Permissive factors that lead to immune deficiencies can underlie persistent or recurring candidiasis, called chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). Secondary immune deficiencies are most often due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, antibiotic use and immunosuppressive treatment (steroids, chemotherapy)...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814908/pulmonary-cryptococcosis-presenting-with-lung-mass-report-of-7-cases-and-review-of-literature
#2
Kanet Kanjanapradit, Zdravko Kosjerina, Wiwatana Tanomkiat, Warangkana Keeratichananont, Siripen Panthuwong
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is commonly found in immunocompromised patients. This microorganism rarely infects immunocompetent individuals, and when it does, it causes mild symptoms. The radiological findings of this disease may involve an intrapulmonary mass that mimics lung tumor. The objective of this study was to review the clinicopathological information, radiological findings, and treatment of patients who presented with intrapulmonary mass due to cryptococcosis. This study collected data from 7 patients who were treated at Songklanagarind Hospital, Songkhla, Thailand, between 2009 and 2014...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812114/-thoracic-and-abdominal-imaging-in-immunocompromised-patients
#3
REVIEW
J R Kroeger, D Maintz, D-H Chang
The number of patients with immunosuppression is rising worldwide. The spectrum of diseases and pathogens in these patients differs widely from that of immunocompetent patients due to frequent opportunistic infections. Symptoms are sometimes unspecific, and imaging plays a key role in the management of these patients. The lungs are a frequent site of infection in immunosuppressed patients. Chest X‑ray is the starting point for radiological diagnostics, but shows only limited sensitivity and specificity for infections with atypical pathogens...
August 15, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811907/factors-associated-with-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-the-viral-origin-diseases-in-office-based-practices-2006-2012
#4
Sara Imanpour, Obioma Nwaiwu, Darcy K McMaughan, Bethany DeSalvo, Adnan Bashir
OBJECTIVE: To test the potential association between time spent with a doctor and antibiotic overprescriptions in case of the common cold, runny nose, bronchitis, chest colds, flu, sore throats, and fluid in the middle ear. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Office-based physicians in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 261,623 patient visits recorded to office-based physicians in the US. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The interest outcome was unnecessary antibiotic prescription...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810835/secondary-organizing-pneumonia-following-viral-pneumonia-caused-by-severe-influenza-b-a-case-report-and-literature-reviews
#5
Nobuhiro Asai, Toyoharu Yokoi, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideo Kato, Mao Hagihara, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND: Some reported that organizing pneumonia (OP) may occur after influenza A infections including swine-origin influenza A (H1N1). However, OP associated with influenza B infection has never been reported. We report the first case of secondary OP associated with viral pneumonia caused by influenza B. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year old woman was diagnosed as viral pneumonia caused by type B influenza. Despite of antiviral therapy, abnormal chest shadows were not improved...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810311/-retrospective-analysis-of-13-cases-of-nocardiosis
#6
H Q Yang, H Z Shi, Z H Tong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features, chest radiological manifestations, microbiological examination and treatments of nocardial disease. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of patients with nocardial infection admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2010 to January 2016. Results: The 13 patients, 6 males and 7 females, aged (51±17) years. Twelve cases were diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis, and 1 with disseminated nocardial infection. Most of these patients had complications: autoimmune diseases in 3 (2 with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and 1 with systemic lupus erythematosus), and bronchiectasis in 6 patients...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808369/ultrasound-guidance-for-central-venous-catheterization-a-step-further-to-prevent-malposition-of-central-venous-catheter-before-radiographic-confirmation
#7
Devinder Midha, Vipal Chawla, Arun Kumar, Amit Kumar Mandal
Ultrasound (USG) guidance has long been used for guiding central venous catheterization. USG provides direct visualization of needle puncture through the skin into the vein. Most of the time USG guidance is just limited to puncturing of the vein and seeing guidewire entering the vein while malpositioning of catheter occurs after that which is seen later on while checking chest radiograph. Repositioning of catheter after that becomes not only difficult requiring repeated chest radiograph to reconfirm position of catheter but also increases chances of infection with repeated manipulations...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806010/blastomycosis-and-histoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-glioblastoma-receiving-temozolomide
#8
Aiham H Jbeli, John Yu
Malignant glioblastoma multiform (GBM) is the most common primary malignancy of the brain in the U.S. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the cornerstone of management along with surgical resection and radiotherapy. Because of the reduction in the CD4+ lymphocyte count as a side effect of TMZ use, this patient population is under risk for opportunistic infections like Pneumocystis jiroveci. A male patient with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiform presented with non-productive cough and chest pain. Before presentation, the patient received the standard therapy including surgical resection, radiation and TMZ...
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805774/-laparoscopic-assisted-harvesting-of-omental-flap-in-chest-wall-reconstruction-for-deep-sternal-wound-infection
#9
A A Pechetov, Yu S Esakov, M A Makov, D E Okonskaya, A V Basylyuk, T N Khlan
AIM: To present an experience of laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for deep sternal wound infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was made a prospective analysis of 14 patients aged 39-85 years after laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for the period December 2014 - November 2016. Men/women ratio was 10/4. All patients had deep sternal wound infection grade IV (Oakley-Wright classification)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801329/postcardiac-injury-syndrome-and-stroke-following-permanent-pacemaker-insertion
#10
Caitlin Bialy, Edmund Wee, Nizam Uddin
An 80-year-old woman initially presented with an episode of pleuritic chest pain 10 days after implantation of a dual chamber permanent pacemaker. She returned to hospital a day later with vomiting and fever. She was found to have new atrial fibrillation in addition to right-sided weakness and dysarthria. An infarct in the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory was later confirmed on CT. She continued to have recurrent febrile episodes associated with vomiting and dyspnoea. Extensive investigations for infection were negative, and her symptoms were initially attributed to aspiration pneumonia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#11
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800522/screening-for-infectious-diseases-among-asylum-seekers-newly-arrived-in-germany-in-2015-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-centre-analysis
#12
A Z Kortas, J Polenz, J von Hayek, S Rüdiger, W Rottbauer, U Storr, T Wibmer
OBJECTIVES: During the migrant crisis in 2015, Germany was the largest single recipient of new asylum seekers in Europe. The German asylum law requires a screening examination for certain infectious diseases in asylum seekers upon arrival. The aim of this work was to analyse the rate of certain infectious diseases among asylum seekers screened at a reception centre in Southern Germany. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. METHODS: Medical records of 2602 asylum seekers screened by a local public health authority in Germany in 2015 were systematically analysed...
August 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797496/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-fungal-chest-infections
#13
EDITORIAL
Eva M Carmona, Andrew H Limper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797271/successful-long-term-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-a-case-report
#14
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Kei Nishiyama, Nobuaki Shime
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an established life-saving procedure for severe acute respiratory failure due to various causes. In general, the duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ranges from 1 to 2 weeks, with withdrawal recommended if no improvement is noted. We report a successful case of long-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation management for respiratory failure due to invasive pulmonary Aspergillus infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old Asian man with no previous underlying medical conditions was transferred to our hospital for fever and dyspnea...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793873/epidemiological-trends-and-outcomes-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-shandong-china
#15
Xiao-Chun He, Ning-Ning Tao, Yao Liu, Xian-Xin Zhang, Huai-Chen Li
BACKGROUND: Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) Tuberculosis (TB) has posed a great threat to global health and finance systems, especially for developing countries with high TB and Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) TB burden. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed HIV-uninfected TB case confirmed and treated in Shandong Provincial Chest Hospital (SPCH) between January 2008 and December 2015. Unique characteristics of XDR-TB were identified; its longitudinal changes and survival were analyzed...
August 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793869/the-efficacy-safety-and-feasibility-of-inhaled-amikacin-for-the-treatment-of-difficult-to-treat-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-diseases
#16
Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of inhaled AMK therapy in patients with difficult-to-treat NTM lung diseases in a retrospective chart review. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with NTM lung diseases who received combination therapy, including inhaled AMK therapy, at Keio University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), from January 2014 through May 2016...
August 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791214/cavitary-lung-lesions-melioidosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-causing-necrotizing-pneumonia
#17
N Mohammad, W S Wan Ghazali
Cavitary lung lesions of various etiologies may be encountered in patients with respiratory symptoms associated with fever. Non-malignant cavitary lesions may mimic malignant lung lesions on most of radiographic modalities including chest radiographs or thoracic computed tomography (CT). Primary lung malignancy can be detected in as high as one-fifths of CT thorax as cavitary lesions and the remaining aetiologies may be due to bacterial, parasitic, and invasive fungal infections, as well as Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), sarcoidosis, septic thrombo-embolism, and lung metastasis from extra-pulmonary primaries...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790289/-management-of-chest-drain-after-lung-resection
#18
Satoshi Muto, Hiroyuki Suzuki
The aims of chest drainage after pulmonary resection are to evacuate fluid and air that accumulate in the pleural space and to obtain information on problems such as air leakage and postoperative bleeding. Although suction or water seal drainages are commonly used procedures, the use of digital monitoring system (Thopaz) is gaining popularity as an alternative of the procedures. We need to pay attention to postoperative hemorrhage, chylothorax, infection, and air leakage. Chest X-ray is essential to check the position of the drainage tube and lung expansion...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790247/-pulmonary-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-with-hilar-lymph-node-metastasis-complicated-by-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#19
Yoshinari Matsuda, Hiroshi Moriyama, Masashi Inaba, Yoshihiko Kubo, Masahiro Kitada, Satoshi Hayashi, Kei Ishibashi, Satoshi Okazaki, Nana Takahashi, Shunsuke Yasuda, Masahiro Abe, Satoshi Hirata
A 65-year-old woman was found to have a mass shadow on chest computed tomography. The patient had been diagnosed as having myelodysplastic syndrome 3 years before admission. She was transferred to our hospital for further examination of the mass in the lower lobe of left lung. The mass was positron emission tomography-positive (SUVmax of 8.6)suggesting a malignant neoplasm. Serum concentrations of carcinoembryonic antigen was elevated to 8.7 ng/ml. Preoperative laboratory studies showed anemia (hemoglobin 6...
August 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790240/-successful-treatment-of-acute-empyema-due-to-rupture-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#20
Isamu Watanabe, Naoki Kanauchi, Hikaru Watanabe, Akira Hamada
Cases of rescue after rupture of pyogenic liver abscess into the thorax are rare. Here, we report 2 cases of rescue in patients with acute empyema due to rupture of a suppurative abscess into the thorax. Case 1:A 61-year-old male had high fever of 39 °C and right abdominal pain. Thoracic computed tomography(CT) showed encapsulated pleural effusion in the right thorax and ring-like enhancement in the right liver. The diagnosis was acute empyema caused by rupture of liver abscess. The pathogenic bacteria were Streptococcus group...
August 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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