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Chest infection

Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, V N Amogh, B V Balakrishna, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stages of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. The subcutaneous form of the disease is a relatively rare clinical entity. Despite its rarity, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of this subcutaneous form of the disease and its various radiological patterns while evaluating any subcutaneous swelling. In this paper, we aimed to describe a typical case of 'subcutaneous cysticercosis involving the left anterior chest wall' with high resolution ultrasound findings...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Zhen Shen, Chen-Yang Zhi, Ruo-Nan Wang, Hai-Cheng Gao
The purpose of this case is to investigate a case of obturator hernia leading to right thigh abscess on 68-year-old woman of China. A 68-year-old Chinese woman was referred to China-Japan Friendship Hospital of Jilin University with abdominal pain, bloating, exhaust, stop defecation in 2011. She had chronic bronchitis, emphysema with a history of 20 years. This patient did not have any bad habits, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, etc. In this surgery, CT was used to diagnose the basic condition of the patient...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kerry Anne Rambaran, Charles F Seifert
Drug-induced interstitial lung disease is a rare condition attributed to several medications, including antimicrobial agents such as amphotericin B, anti-inflammatory agents such as methotrexate, biologic agents such as bevacizumab, and cardiovascular agents and chemotherapeutic agents. We describe the case of a 73-year-old female who developed interstitial lung disease following chronic use of nitrofurantoin for a urinary tract infection (UTI). The patient was taking nitrofurantoin 100 mg capsules twice daily for approximately 3 years...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Enas Mamdouh Hefzy, Ahmed Ashraf Wegdan, Radwa Ahmed Elhefny, Samar Hassan Nasser
Aim: Latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) contain a significant reservoir for future epidemics. Screening of health care workers (HCWs) in a high-risk tuberculosis (TB) environment is an important strategy in TB control. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of LTBI among high risk Egyptian HCWs and to assess infection associated risk factors. Methods: Fifty-two HCWs who work at intensive care unit (ICU), bronchoscopy unit, and chest diseases department were tested for LTBI using both tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon TB Gold in-tube test (QFT)...
2016: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
Wei Li, Xiu-Jun Yin, Hua-Ying Liu, Rong Yang
INTRODUCTION: Syphilitic aortic aneurysm (SAA) is caused by tertiary stage of syphilis infection. As the wide application of penicillin, this complication is becoming rarer than before. The SAA with lung cancer is a very rare disease in patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old male was admitted to the hospital complaining "progressive hoarseness for 3 months" and the patient has been diagnosed with syphilis after specific blood exams, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and 3dimensional (3D) reconstructions of cardiac vessels...
2016: SpringerPlus
Miriam Menna Barreto, Rosana Souza Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
Roberto Mogami, Telma Goldenberg, Patricia Gomes Cytrangulo de Marca, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Agnaldo José Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main tomography findings in patients diagnosed with pulmonary infection caused by Mycobacterium kansasii. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of computed tomography scans of 19 patients with pulmonary infection by M. kansasii. RESULTS: Of the 19 patients evaluated, 10 (52.6%) were male and 9 (47.4%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 58 years (range, 33-76 years). Computed tomography findings were as follows: architectural distortion, in 17 patients (89...
July 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
Jolien Teepe, Berna D L Broekhuizen, Katherine Loens, Christine Lammens, Margareta Ieven, Herman Goossens, Paul Little, Chris C Butler, Samuel Coenen, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Theo J M Verheij
BACKGROUND: Bacterial testing of all patients who present with acute cough is not feasible in primary care. Furthermore, the extent to which easily obtainable clinical information predicts bacterial infection is unknown. We evaluated the diagnostic value of clinical examination and testing for C-reactive protein and procalcitonin for bacterial lower respiratory tract infection. METHODS: Through a European diagnostic study, we recruited 3104 adults with acute cough (≤ 28 days) in primary care settings...
October 24, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
R Matsumura, H Igari, T Nakazawa, S Ishikawa, M Tsuyuzaki, K Suzuki, F Yamagishi
SETTING: National hospital for tuberculosis (TB) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japan. OBJECTIVE: To compare two interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs), QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) and T-SPOT(®).TB (T-SPOT), in RA patients for detecting latent tuberculous infection (LTBI). DESIGN: QFT and T-SPOT were conducted concurrently in 230 prospectively enrolled RA patients. RESULTS: There were no active TB patients...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Alexander J Sweidan, Navneet K Singh, Natasha Dang, Vinh Lam, Jyoti Datta
INTRODUCTION: Amiodarone is often used in the suppression of tachyarrhythmias. One of the more serious adverse effects includes amiodarone pulmonary toxicity (APT). Several pulmonary diseases can manifest including interstitial pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, pulmonary nodules or masses, and pleural effusion. Incidence of APT varies from 5-15% and is correlated to dosage, age of the patient, and preexisting lung disease...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
David I W Phillips, Clive Osmond, Martin L Williams, Alexander Jones
BACKGROUND: Chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains a globally important cause of heart disease. The reasons for the continuing high prevalence of this disease are obscure, but it may have its origins in the poor social and economic conditions with which the disease has been consistently and strongly linked. Mortality studies from the UK have suggested the importance of adverse environmental factors in early life; these studies demonstrated specific geographical associations between high rates of chest infection during infancy and subsequent RHD...
October 23, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Namrita Lall, Vivek Kumar, Debra Meyer, Nomasomi Gasa, Chris Hamilton, Motlalepula Matsabisa, Carel Oosthuizen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Natal gwarri or Natal ebony (Euclea natalensis A.DC.) is a deciduous tree found widespread throughout southern Africa, especially in Kwazulu-Natal and the southern cost. It has been widely used by indigenous communities such as the Zulus, Tsongas and Vendas for symptoms related to tuberculosis (TB). The decoctions made from the plant parts are administered for chest diseases to treat complications such as chest pains, bronchitis, pleurisy and asthma...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rupa Banerjee, Alpana Prasad, Vivek Kumar, Nishant Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is extremely rare in infants. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: We report three infants of age 9, 7 and 12 months, who presented with recurrent non-bilious vomiting, repeated chest infection and severe failure to thrive. Diagnosis of achalasia cardia was confirmed on contrast-swallow study. Hellers cardiomyotomy with fundoplication led to complete symptomatic relief, and weight-gain on follow-up. MESSAGE: Achalasia cardia is often misdiagnosed as gastroesophageal reflux disease which leads to significant delay in diagnosis and increased morbidity...
September 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Tomoshi Sugiyama, Koji Kawaguchi, Noriyasu Usami, Kohei Yokoi
We herein describe a surgical case of pulmonary involvement in Takayasu's arteritis with pulmonary infections of nontuberculous mycobacteria. A 24-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of a recurrent fever, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest revealed the occlusion of the right pulmonary artery and cavitary lesions in the right lower lobe of the lung. A further examination of the neck revealed the occlusion of aortic branches, and the patient was diagnosed with Takayasu's arteritis...
October 21, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Zsolt Sziklavari, Michael Ried, Florian Zeman, Christian Grosser, Tamas Szöke, Reiner Neu, Rudolf Schemm, Hans-Stefan Hofmann
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study analyzed the effectiveness of intrathoracic negative pressure therapy for debilitated patients with empyema and compared the short-term and long-term outcomes of three different intrapleural vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) techniques. METHODS: We investigated 43 consecutive (pre)septic patients with poor general condition (Karnofsky index ≤ 50 %) and multimorbidity (≥ 3 organ diseases) or immunosuppression, who had been treated for primary, postoperative, or recurrent pleural empyema with VAC in combination with open window thoracostomy (OWT-VAC) with minimally invasive technique (Mini-VAC), and instillation (Mini-VAC-Instill)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Giuseppe Santarpino, Lazlo Gazdag, Joachim Sirch, Ferdinand Vogt, Miroslaw Ledwon, Theodor Fischlein, Steffen Pfeiffer
Bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting may be associated with a higher risk of postoperative deep sternal wound infection than monolateral internal thoracic artery grafting due to a limited blood supply to the thoracic chest wall. Because preliminary studies suggest negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) may reduce the risk of infection, a retrospective chart review of 129 patients who underwent BITA between February 2003 and October 2014 was conducted. Of those, 21 patients received NPWT for 5 days immediately following surgery and the incisions of 108 patients were covered with a conventional gauze dressing...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
V R Badhwar, S Ganapathy, P P Prabhudesai, N K Tulara, A Y Varaiya, D Vyas
In community and family practice, infections are a common OPD presentation. In the management of common bacterial infections seen in community especially RTI, UTI, SSTI; cefuroxime a second generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of activity can be used for empirical treatment. To know current place of cefuroxime in the management of infections, physicians, surgeons, microbiologist, chest physician, gynecologist and pediatrician came together to discuss and debate their experience with cefuroxime and its place in today's world...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hae-Young Lee, Chan-Soon Park, Sang-Hoon Na, Kyung-Jin Kim, Chan Joo Lee, Sungha Park
A 47-year-old woman was admitted via emergency department due to dyspnea NYHA Fc II-III aggravated for 2 months after upper respiratory infection. Her height and body weight were 161 cm / 67 kg. Initial vital signs were 110/70 mmHg - 112 BPM - 24/min - 36.5°C. Chest PA showed cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion (Figure 1). B-natriuretic peptide level was markedly increased (2002 pg/mL, normal range ≤ 100 pg/mL). The echocardiographic examination showed severely dilated LV cavity (61/72 mm) and severe LV systolic dysfunction (EF 28%) with normal left ventricular wall thickness (9/11 mm) (Figure 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Engi F Attia, Robert F Miller, Rashida A Ferrand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of pulmonary infections has declined dramatically with improved access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis, but chronic lung disease (CLD) is an increasingly recognized but poorly understood complication in adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a high prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, abnormal spirometry and chest radiographic abnormalities among HIV-infected adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, wherein 90% of the world's HIV-infected children live...
October 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Pedro Llinares, Isabel Ruiz, Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Alejandro H Rodríguez, Emilio Maseda, Santiago Grau
BACKGROUND: Although in the past decade the management of invasive fungal infections has improved, a number of controversies persist regarding empirical antifungal treatment in critically-ill hematology patients. AIMS: To identify key clinical knowledge to elaborate a set of recommendations, with a high level of consensus, necessary for the approach to fungal infections in critically-ill hematology patients. METHODS: A Spanish prospective questionnaire, which measures consensus through the Delphi technique, was anonymously answered and e-mailed by 30 multidisciplinary national experts, all specialists in fungal invasive infections from six scientific national societies; intensivists, anesthesiologists, microbiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in infectious diseases...
October 14, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
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