keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chest infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454267/necrotizing-infection-of-the-heart
#1
David H Ballard, George Patton Pennington, George P Pennington, Joe Johnson, Sanjeev Bhalla, Constantine Raptis
A case of necrotizing infection of the heart is presented. A 70-year-old woman presented with vague chest and abdominal pain. CT of the abdomen and pelvis was initially obtained, which demonstrated gas in the myocardium of the left ventricle. Subsequent chest CT, endoscopy, and abdominal surgical exploration did not reveal perforated viscus or diaphragm compromise. At median sternotomy, the inferior wall of the heart was found to be necrotic. Culture of the excised tissue grew E. coli. The patient expired shortly after surgical exploration...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453853/role-of-bi-weekly-serum-galactomannan-screening-for-the-diagnosis-of-invasive-aspergillosis-in-hematologic-cancer-patients
#2
Jade Couchepin, Anne-Sophie Brunel, Katia Jaton, Pascal Meylan, Pierre-Yves Bochud, Frédéric Lamoth
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a life-threatening infection affecting hematologic cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The diagnosis of IA often relies on the detection of galactomannan (GM) in serum or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL). Bi-weekly serum GM screening has been proposed for a preemptive therapeutic approach of IA in patients not receiving mold-active prophylaxis. We have analyzed all IA cases among patients with hematologic malignancies and prolonged chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (>14 days) in our institution over a 10-year period (2007-2017)...
February 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450676/comorbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-increased-risk-for-sickle-cell-disease-morbidity
#3
Tal Katz, Jeffrey Schatz, Carla W Roberts
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) imparts an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in childhood. Studies of pediatric SCD have identified an increased risk for pain and neurologic complications with comorbid OSA. We determined the rate of a broad range of SCD-related medical complications to better characterize the spectrum of SCD complications related to OSA. METHODS: Retrospective chart review at a single hematology clinic identified 641 youth with SCD who received consistent screenings for OSA as part of routine hematological health maintenance visits over an 11-year period...
February 15, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448978/effect-of-gender-on-unplanned-readmissions-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-from-the-nationwide-readmissions-database
#4
Chun Shing Kwok, Jessica Potts, Martha Gulati, Mirvat Alasnag, Muhammad Rashid, Ahmad Shoaib, Muhammad Ayyaz Ul Haq, Rodrigo Bagur, Mamas Andreas Mamas
Women who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at higher risk of adverse outcomes compared with men, but it is unknown whether gender affects early unplanned rehospitalization. We analyzed 832,753 patients who underwent PCI from 2013 to 2014 in the Nationwide Readmissions Database. We compared gender differences in incidences, predictors, causes, and cost of unplanned 30-day readmissions and examined the effect of co-morbidity. A total of 832,753 men and women who survived the index PCI and were not admitted for a planned readmission were included in the analysis...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447395/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-coronavirus-infection-in-children-the-role-of-viral-factors-and-an-immunocompromised-state
#5
Chikara Ogimi, Janet A Englund, Miranda C Bradford, Xuan Qin, Michael Boeckh, Alpana Waghmare
Background: Immunocompromised children might be predisposed to serious infections from human coronaviruses (HCoVs), including strains OC43, NL63, HKU1, and 229E; however, the virologic and clinical features of HCoV infection in immunocompromised children have not been compared to those in nonimmunocompromised children. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of children who presented to Seattle Children's Hospital and in whom HCoV was detected by a multiplex respiratory polymerase chain reaction assay of a nasal sample between October 2012 and March 2016...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444303/the-utility-of-vancomycin-powder-in-reducing-surgical-site-infections-in-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery
#6
Ryan B Kochanski, Pouya Nazari, Sepehr Sani
BACKGROUND: The impact of vancomycin powder on reducing postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) in spine surgery has been studied extensively and is considered standard of care at many institutions. More recently, vancomycin powder has been shown to reduce SSI in cranial neurosurgery; however, limited studies have been performed assessing its impact in reducing SSIs in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of vancomycin powder as an adjunct to the current antibiotic prophylaxis regimen in DBS surgery in a large cohort of patients...
February 10, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442397/tuberculin-skin-test-versus-interferon-gamma-release-assay-in-refugee-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Chris Elliot, Ben Marais, Phoebe Williams, Paul Joshua, Sherri Towle, Graham Hart, Karen Zwi
AIM: The aim of this study was to assist clinicians evaluating refugee children for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by comparing paired tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon Gold In-Tube (QGIT) test results with clinical management decisions and follow-up data in a large cohort of newly arrived refugee children. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all refugee children (<15 years of age) evaluated for LTBI with both TST and interferon-γ release assay between 2007 and 2010 in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region of New South Wales, Australia...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440841/acquired-ventricular-septal-defect-due-to-infective-endocarditis
#8
Randi E Durden, Joseph W Turek, Benjamin E Reinking, Manish Bansal
Acquired intracardiac left-to-right shunts are rare occurrences. Chest trauma and myocardial infection are well-known causes of acquired ventricular septal defect (VSD). There have been several case reports describing left ventricle to right atrium shunt after infective endocarditis (IE). We present here a patient found to have an acquired VSD secondary to IE of the aortic and tricuspid valves in the setting of a known bicuspid aortic valve. This is the first case reported of acquired VSD in a pediatric patient in the setting of IE along with literature review of acquired left-to-right shunts...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429215/-a-clinican-linical-analysis-of-29-cases-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#9
L Y Xu, G X Lai, Q Hu, L Zhang, D L Liu, G B Zhu, X H Li, H H Shi, C Xu, Y H Yu, Y W Bao, W Chen
Objective: To improve the understanding of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) by analyzing the clinical manifestations, imaging and pathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease. Methods: Cases of CPA, proven by microbiological evidence based on pathological study in Fuzhou General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army and Affiliated Fuzhou City First Hospital of Fijian Medical University from January 2006 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The patients consisted of 17 males and 12 females, aged 24 to 75 years, mean (42±16) years...
February 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427823/contribution-of-diagnostic-tests-for-the-etiological-assessment-of-uveitis-data-from-the-ulisse-study-uveitis-clinical-and-medicoeconomic-evaluation-of-a-standardized-strategy-of-the-etiological-diagnosis
#10
REVIEW
Pierre Grumet, Laurent Kodjikian, Audrey de Parisot, Marie-Hélène Errera, Neila Sedira, Emmanuel Heron, Laurent Pérard, Pierre-Loïc Cornut, Christelle Schneider, Sophie Rivière, Priscille Ollé, Grégory Pugnet, Pascal Cathébras, Pierre Manoli, Bahram Bodaghi, David Saadoun, Stéphanie Baillif, Nathalie Tieulie, Marc Andre, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Nicolas Bonin, Philip Bielefeld, Alain Bron, Frédéric Mouriaux, Boris Bienvenu, Stéphanie Vicente, Sylvie Bin, Marc Labetoulle, Christiane Broussolle, Yvan Jamilloux, Evelyne Decullier, Pascal Sève
PURPOSE: ULISSE is the only study that prospectively assessed the efficiency of a standardized strategy, compared to an open strategy for the etiologic diagnosis of uveitis. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of the tests prescribed in the ULISSE study to clarify their relevance. METHODS: ULISSE is a non-inferiority, prospective, multicenter and cluster randomized study. The standardized strategy is a two-steps strategy: in the first step, common standard tests were performed, and in the second step, tests were guided by the clinical and anatomic type of uveitis...
February 7, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426597/determinants-of-tuberculosis-trends-in-six-indigenous-populations-of-the-usa-canada-and-greenland-from-1960-to-2014-a-population-based-study
#11
Kianoush Dehghani, Zhiyi Lan, Peizhi Li, Sascha Wilk Michelsen, Sean Waites, Andrea Benedetti, Pierre Lejeune, Jill Torrie, Elizabeth Robinson, Berenica Vejvoda, Muhammad Mullah, Diana Redwood, Michael Cooper, Anne Fanning, Wadieh Yacoub, Gonzalo G Alvarez, Bolette Søborg, Richard Long, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis continues to disproportionately affect many Indigenous populations in the USA, Canada, and Greenland. We aimed to investigate whether population-based tuberculosis-specific interventions or changes in general health and socioeconomic indicators, or a combination of these factors, were associated with changes in tuberculosis incidence in these Indigenous populations. METHODS: For this population-based study we examined annual tuberculosis notification rates between 1960 and 2014 in six Indigenous populations of the USA, Canada, and Greenland (Inuit [Greenland], American Indian and Alaska Native [Alaska, USA], First Nations [Alberta, Canada], Cree of Eeyou Istchee [Quebec, Canada], Inuit of Nunavik [Quebec, Canada], and Inuit of Nunavut [Canada]), as well as the general population of Canada...
February 6, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424916/role-of-surgical-setting-and-patients-related-factors-in-predicting-the-occurrence-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-abdominal-surgery
#12
V Perilli, P Aceto, P Ancona, R De Cicco, D Papanice, S Magalini, G Pepe, V Cozza, D Gui, C Lai, L Sollazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of surgical setting (urgent vs. elective) and approach (open vs. laparoscopic) in affecting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) prevalence in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After local Ethical Committee approval, 409 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery between January and December 2014 were included in the final analysis. PPCs were defined as the development of one of the following new findings: respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis on chest X-ray, bronchospasm or un-planned urgent re-intubation...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423367/management-of-severe-childhood-pneumonia-by-day-care-approach-in-developing-countries
#13
Yasmin Jahan, Sm Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Md Moshiur Rahman
Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of child mortality among children under 5 years, worldwide. Pneumonia infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi in single or in both lungs. According to recent criteria developed by the World Health Organization(WHO) in September (2013), pneumonia can be classified into severe pneumonia, pneumonia and no pneumonia. Most of the deaths occur from severe pneumonia. Methods: Disease management of severe childhood pneumonia requires early identification,prompt referral and the availability of intensive quality care...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420096/gamma-globulin-replacement-therapy-in-uncontrolled-severe-asthma-associated-with-humoral-immunodeficiency-a-series-of-five-case-reports
#14
Angelica Tiotiu, Yves Martinet, Roger Jankowski, Philippe Devillier
We report on five adult cases of the rare association of asthma with humoral immunodeficiency (huID). All patients had uncontrolled asthma related to recurrent respiratory infections. Asthma was diagnosed according to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines, and bronchiectasis was ruled out by a CT chest scan. Two men (aged 28 and 60) presented with pollen allergies, chronic rhinosinusitis, and IgG deficiency (7.8 and 7.6 g/L, respectively). Both patients underwent surgery for nasal polyposis but relapsed with acute sinusitis and severe asthma exacerbations requiring treatment with oral corticosteroids and antibiotics...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419663/emphysematous-endocarditis-caused-by-ampc-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-a-case-report
#15
Chung-Jong Kim, Jeong-Eun Yi, Yookyung Kim, Hee Jung Choi
RATIONALE: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a life-threatening disease, mostly caused by gram-positive bacteria. Gram-negative bacteria were identified as a causative organism in relatively small number of cases. Although, antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli is common cause of gram-negative endocarditis, AmpC beta-lactamase (BL)-harboring E coli is very rare cause of IE. Furthermore, emphysematous endocarditis is also a very rare manifestation of E coli infection. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of 80-year-old female patient presenting with dizziness, fever, and altered mental status, who was finally diagnosed with emphysematous endocarditis caused by E coli harboring an AmpC BL gene...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417023/diagnostic-delay-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-kerala
#16
Selvam Paramasivam, Bina Thomas, Priya Chandran, Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Biju George, C P Sivakumar
Introduction: Delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) can lead to an increased infectivity period, delayed treatment, and increased severity of the disease. The objective of this study was to estimate the diagnostic delay and factors associated with the delay in diagnosis among the newly diagnosed smear-positive pulmonary TB patients in Kerala, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among TB patients who were in the intensive phase of directly observed treatment short-course treatment in four randomly selected TB units in a district in Kerala during the years 2012-2013...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416360/clinical-characteristics-of-the-first-cases-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-china-due-to-pan-echinocandin-resistant-candida-tropicalis-and-candida-glabrata-isolates-with-delineation-of-their-resistance-mechanisms
#17
Meng Xiao, Xin Fan, Xin Hou, Sharon Ca Chen, He Wang, Fanrong Kong, Zi-Yong Sun, Yun-Zhuo Chu, Ying-Chun Xu
Echinocandin antifungal agents have become the first-line therapy for invasive candidiasis (IC) in many countries. Despite their increasing use, resistance to this class of drug is, overall, still uncommon. Here, we report two patients from the People's Republic of China with IC, one with infection caused by pan-echinocandin-resistant Candida tropicalis and the other by pan-echinocandin-resistant Candida glabrata. We also describe the mechanisms of drug resistance of these isolates. The echinocandin-resistant C...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415251/supercharged-free-omental-flap-plombage-for-empyema-in-a-patient-with-an-artificial-pericardium
#18
Isao Matsumoto, Kenji Iino, Hirofumi Takemura
Cavernostomy and fenestration were performed in a patient who developed a lung abscess and empyema in the left lung, which was damaged after multimodality therapy for advanced thymoma. The hospitalized patient suddenly experienced cardiopulmonary arrest due to major bleeding from the left main pulmonary artery. We immediately performed the main pulmonary arterial embolization, and the patient was resuscitated. Subsequently, the patient underwent supercharged free omental flap plombage performed in the following manner: first, laparoscopic harvesting of the omentum was performed in the supine position...
February 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413345/association-between-%C3%AE-1-antitrypsin-and-bronchiectasis-in-patients-with-humoral-immunodeficiency-receiving-gammaglobulin-infusions
#19
Brian P Peppers, Jamie Zacharias, Chelsea R Michaud, John A Frith, Priya Varma, Mark Henning, Linda M Quinn, Haig Tcheurekdjian, Timothy Craig, Robert W Hostoffer
BACKGROUND: In patients with humoral immunodeficiency, the progression of bronchiectasis has been known to occur despite adequate gammaglobulin therapy and in the absence of recurrent infections. This observation suggests that factors other than gammaglobulin replacement might play a part in the prevention of lung damage in this population. α1-Antitrypsin deficiency can be associated with bronchiectasis, a chronic inflammatory lung disease. The protective levels of α1-antitrypsin and phenotype in preventing bronchiectasis have not been thoroughly studied in the immunodeficient population...
February 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408183/invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-mimicking-organizing-pneumonia-after-mtor-inhibitor-therapy-a-case-report
#20
Yuki Iijima, Namiko Fujioka, Yoshinori Uchida, Yoichi Kobayashi, Toshiharu Tsutsui, Yumiko Kakizaki, Yoshihiro Miyashita
A 67-year old man visited our hospital with complaints of fever and cough. He had a past medical history of renal cell carcinoma and had just started treatment with temsirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor. A 1-week course of antibiotics did not have any effect on his symptoms. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed reversed halo sign (RHS). Organizing pneumonia induced by mTOR inhibitor treatment was initially considered. However, transbronchial biopsy revealed clusters of fungal organisms, suggesting infection with Aspergillus spp...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
keyword
keyword
74953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"