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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429152/effectiveness-of-graded-return-to-work-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-a-propensity-score-analysis
#1
Marco Streibelt, Wolfgang Bürger, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Matthias Bethge
Purpose Graded return to work (GRTW) is a strategy aimed at bringing people gradually back to coping with a full workload after an extended period of sick leave. This study aims to determine the effect of GRTW in addition to a multimodal rehabilitation on longer-term work participation in people with chronic mental disorders (CMDs). Methods Patients filled out questionnaires at the start of a multimodal rehabilitation and 15 months later. Balanced groups (GRTW, no GRTW) were formed by propensity score matching based on 27 covariates...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427544/what-s-the-secret-behind-the-benefits-of-whole-body-vibration-training-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Rainer Gloeckl, Inga Jarosch, Ulrike Bengsch, Magdalena Claus, Tessa Schneeberger, Vasileios Andrianopoulos, Jeffrey W Christle, Wolfgang Hitzl, Klaus Kenn
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that whole-body vibration training (WBVT) improves exercise capacity in patients with severe COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of improved exercise capacity following WBVT. METHODS: Seventy-four COPD patients (FEV1: 34 ± 9%predicted) were recruited during a 3-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program. Conventional endurance and strength exercises were supplemented with self-paced dynamic squat training sessions (4bouts*2min, 3times/wk)...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427332/interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-and-validity-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-bestest-and-mini-bestest-in-people-with-increased-risk-of-falling
#3
Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen, Jorunn L Helbostad
BACKGROUND: The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disorders. A short form, the Mini-BESTest, was developed as a screening test. The study aimed to assess interrater and test-retest reliability of the Norwegian version of the BESTest and the Mini-BESTest in community-dwelling people with increased risk of falling and to assess concurrent validity with the Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), and it was an observational study with a cross-sectional design...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422031/the-importance-of-labyrinthine-examination-in-the-prognosis-and-therapy-for-balance-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#4
João Henrique Faryniuk, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive, Vinicius Ribas Fo, Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso, Jair Mendes Marques
INTRODUCTION: Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases that are characterized by the presence of progressive cerebellar ataxia. OBJECTIVE: Identify vestibular disorders and demonstrate the importance of labyrinthine examination in the prognosis and therapy for balance in patients with SCAs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study had a retrospective cross-sectional design and evaluated 57 patients, mean age of 41...
April 19, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415899/specific-muscle-synergies-in-national-elite-female-ice-hockey-players-in-response-to-unexpected-external-perturbation
#5
Minhee Kim, Yushin Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, BumChul Yoon
This study aimed to investigate specific muscle synergies in elite ice hockey players indicating highly developed postural control strategies used to restore balance against unexpected external perturbations. Seven elite athletes (EA) on the women's national ice hockey team and 7 non-athletes (NA) participated in this study. Based on trajectories of centre of mass (COM), analysis periods were divided into an initial phase (a balance disturbance after perturbation onset) and a reversal phase (a balance recovery response), respectively...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414796/post-ischemic-stroke-rehabilitation-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-fractures-in-older-women-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Huei Kai Huang, Shu Man Lin, Clement Shih Hsien Yang, Chung Chao Liang, Hung Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation can improve physical activity after stroke. However, patients may be more prone to falls and fractures because of balance and gait deficits. Few reports have studied the relationship between rehabilitation and subsequent fractures after ischemic stroke. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether post-stroke rehabilitation affects fracture risk. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405223/electromyographic-activity-of-the-shoulder-muscles-during-rehabilitation-exercises-in-subjects-with-and-without-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Rita Kinsella, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: Subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) is a common cause of shoulder pain and muscle activity deficits are postulated to contribute to the development and progression of the disorder. The purpose of this systematic review was to definitively determine whether evidence exists of differences in electromyography (EMG) characteristics between subjects with and without SPS. METHODS: Six key databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTdiscus, PEDro and The Cochrane Library (inception to May 2016)...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399935/prospective-clinical-study-of-rehabilitation-interventions-with-multisensory-interactive-training-in-patients-with-cerebral-infarction-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Yu Rong Mao, Le Li, Ai Hua Lin, Jiang Li Zhao, Ling Chen, Qiang Lin, Hai Li, Dong Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Multisensory interactive training has an increasingly prominent role in stroke rehabilitation. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate its efficacy on gait improvement, upper limb and lower limb functional improvement, global motor function and cognitive improvement. A recent Cochrane review confirmed that published studies on virtual reality (VR) training have the limitations of lack of powered sample size, did not evaluate the benefits over a long-term period and lacked trial quality on cognitive function...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399873/influence-of-functional-task-oriented-mental-practice-on-the-gait-of-transtibial-amputees-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Rodrigo Gontijo Cunha, Paulo José Guimarães Da-Silva, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos Couto Paz, Ana Carolina da Silva Ferreira, Carlos Julio Tierra-Criollo
BACKGROUND: Mental practice (MP) through motor imagery is a cognitive training strategy used to improve locomotor skills during rehabilitation programs. Recent works have used MP tasks to investigate the neurophysiology of human gait; however, its effect on functional performance has not been evaluated. In the present study, the influence of gait-oriented MP tasks on the rehabilitation process of gait in transtibial amputees was investigated by assessing the vertical (V), anterior-posterior (AP), and medio-lateral (ML) ground reaction forces (GRFs) and the time duration of the support phase of the prosthetic limb...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399681/older-adults-experiences-of-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-dizziness-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Adam W A Geraghty, Lucy Yardley
OBJECTIVE: Factors influencing engagement with self-managed rehabilitation are not well understood, but evidence suggests they may change over time. Despite increasing digitalisation of self-managed interventions, little is known about the role of internet-based interventions in patients' experiences of self-directed rehabilitation. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated individuals' ongoing experiences of internet-guided, self-managed rehabilitation within the context of rehabilitation for dizziness...
April 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392324/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-timed-up-and-go-motor-test-for-people-with-chronic-stroke
#11
Peggy P K Chan, Joyce I F Si Tou, Mimi M Y Tse, Shamay S M Ng
OBJECTIVES: To examine: (1) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of the timed up and go (motor) test (TUGmotor) in terms of the number of steps taken and completion time with a chronic stroke population; (2) the relationship between stroke-specific impairments and the number of steps taken in the test and the completion time; (3) the minimal detectable change in TUGmotor times; and (4) the cut-off time which best discriminates the performance of people with stroke from that of healthy older adults...
April 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387692/the-role-of-sensory-augmentation-for-people-with-vestibular-deficits-real-time-balance-aid-and-or-rehabilitation-device
#12
K H Sienko, S L Whitney, W J Carender, C Wall
This narrative review highlights findings from the sensory augmentation field for people with vestibular deficits and addresses the outstanding questions that are critical to the translation of this technology into clinical and/or personal use. Prior research has demonstrated that the real-time use of visual, vibrotactile, auditory, and multimodal sensory augmentation technologies can improve balance during static and dynamic stance tasks within a laboratory setting. However, its application in improving gait requires additional investigation, as does its efficacy as a rehabilitation device for people with vestibular deficits...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387690/the-vestibular-implant-a-probe-in-orbit-around-the-human-balance-system
#13
Angelica Perez Fornos, Samuel Cavuscens, Maurizio Ranieri, Raymond van de Berg, Robert Stokroos, Herman Kingma, Jean-Philippe Guyot, Nils Guinand
The primary goal of the vestibular implant is to restore the vestibular function in patients with a disabling bilateral vestibular loss for whom there is currently no available treatment. The prototype developed by our team is a hybrid system consisting of a modified cochlear implant incorporating additional vestibular electrodes. Therefore, in addition of delivering sound information it is also capable of delivering motion information to the central nervous system using electrical stimulation. To date, thirteen patients have been implanted with such vestibular implant prototypes...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387688/using-visual-stimuli-to-enhance-gait-control
#14
Christopher K Rhea, Nikita A Kuznetsov
Gait control challenges commonly coincide with vestibular dysfunction and there is a long history in using balance and gait activities to enhance functional mobility in this population. While much has been learned using traditional rehabilitation exercises, there is a new line of research emerging that is using visual stimuli in a very specific way to enhance gait control. For example, avatars can be created in an individualized manner to incorporate specific gait characteristics. The avatar could then be used as a visual stimulus to which the patient can synchronize their own gait cycle...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386952/student-perspectives-of-a-student-led-groups-program-model-of-professional-practice-education-in-a-brain-injury-rehabilitation-unit
#15
Freyr Patterson, Jennifer Fleming, Kathryn Marshall, Nadine Ninness
BACKGROUND/AIM: Professional practice education is a core and essential component of occupational therapy training. With increasing numbers of education programmes and more students requiring professional practice placements, development of innovative models of professional practice education has emerged, but these require investigation. The aim of this study was to investigate student experiences and perceptions of the Student-Led Groups Program model of professional practice education in an inpatient brain injury rehabilitation unit...
April 7, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386786/compliance-and-safety-of-a-novel-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-high-grade-brain-tumors-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Jennifer Baima, Zehra B Omer, John Varlotto, Shakeeb Yunus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate compliance with and safety of a novel independent home exercise program for patients with high-grade brain tumors. We designed this program around the preferences and individual capabilities of this population as well as the potential barriers to exercise in cancer patients. Demographics were collected to better understand those that persisted with exercise. METHODS: Subjects with high-grade brain tumor received one-time training that included watching an exercise video and live demonstration of resistance band exercises, a balance exercise, and recommendations for walking...
April 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386235/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-stimulate-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-improve-glucose-homeostasis-during-refeeding-with-high-fat-diet
#17
Raffaella Crescenzo, Arianna Mazzoli, Rosa Cancelliere, Francesca Bianco, Antonia Giacco, Giovanna Liverini, Abdul G Dulloo, Susanna Iossa
Aims: The recovery of body weight after a period of caloric restriction is accompanied by an enhanced efficiency of fat deposition and hyperinsulinemia-which are exacerbated by isocaloric refeeding on a high fat diet rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (SFA-MUFA), and poor in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and associated with a blunting of de novo lipogenesis in adipose tissue and liver. As high fat diets rich in PUFA have been shown to limit the excess fat deposition and improve glucose homeostasis, we investigated here the extent to which de novo lipogenesis in liver and adipose tissues (white and brown), as well as hepatic oxidative stress, are influenced by refeeding on diets rich in PUFA...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385053/using-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-to-restore-right-occipital-cortex-activity-in-patients-with-left-visuo-spatial-neglect-proof-of-principle-and-preliminary-results
#18
Fabien Robineau, Arnaud Saj, Rémi Neveu, Dimitri Van De Ville, Frank Scharnowski, Patrik Vuilleumier
Hemineglect is common after right parietal stroke, characterised by impaired awareness for stimuli in left visual space, with suppressed neural activity in the right visual cortex due to losses in top-down attention signals. Here we sought to assess whether hemineglect patients are able to up-regulate their right visual cortex activity using auditory real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback. We also examined any effect of this training procedure on neglect severity. Two different neurofeedback methods were used...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382812/cognitive-effects-of-weight-shifting-controlled-exergames-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-comparison-trial
#19
Jen-Wen Hung, Chiung-Xia Chou, Hsueh-Feng Chang, Wen-Chi Wu, Yen-Wei Hsieh, Po-Chih Chen, Min-Yuan Yu, Chiung-Chih Chang, Jr-Rung Lin
BACKGROUND: The exergaming training involves motor as well as cognitive stimulation. Although exergame studies have been reported to have benefits in motor function, the effects of exergames on improving cognitive function remain inconclusive. Moreover, no study has been reported in stroke patients. AIM: The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive effects of 2 weight-shifting controlled exergaming systems and conventional weight- shifting training in patients with chronic stroke...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382809/the-italian-version-of-the-trunk-impairment-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#20
Bruna Lombardi, Annalisa Orioli, Davide Casavola, Matteo Paci
BACKGROUND: The Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) is a widely used tool aimed to evaluate trunk motor impairment for stroke patients. A validation trial of a translated form of the TIS was never conducted within an Italian population. AIM: To describe translation, cultural adaptation, and validation (internal consistency, reliability, and validity) of the Italian version of the TIS (TIS-I). DESIGN: Evaluation of the psychometric properties of a translated, culturally adapted questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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