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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533598/effect-of-bilateral-upper-extremity-exercise-on-trunk-performance-in-patients-with-stroke
#1
Doo Ho Lee, Seong Hoon Park, Ji Won Han
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of bilateral upper extremity exercises on trunk performance in patients with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty in-patients with chronic stroke of at least 6 month's duration participated in this study. Patients in the experimental and control groups received neurological rehabilitation treatment for stroke. In addition to the neurological rehabilitation treatment, patients in the experimental group received 30 minutes of bilateral upper extremity exercises 3 times weekly for 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532871/stabilometric-analysis-of-the-effect-of-postural-insoles-on-static-balance-in-patients-with-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Manuela Galli, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Verônica Cimolin, Claudia Santos Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the main causes of disability among adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of postural insoles on static balance in individuals with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four strokes survivors with hemiparesis were recruited from the rehabilitation clinics of the university and randomly allocated to two groups: experimental and control group. The subjects were analyzed for stabilometry, immediately following insole placement and after three months of insole usage, with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527234/impaired-postural-balance-correlates-with-complex-walking-performance-in-mildly-disabled-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
John Brincks, Elisabeth Due Andersen, Henrik Sørensen, Ulrik Dalgas
BACKGROUND: It is relevant to understand the possible influence of impaired postural balance on walking performance in multiple sclerosis (MS) gait rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: We expected associations between impaired postural balance and complex walking performance in mildly disabled persons with MS, but not in healthy controls. METHODS: Thirteen persons with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale = 2.5) and 13 healthy controls' walking performance were measured at fast walking speed, Timed Up & Go and Timed 25 Feet Walking...
May 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527226/play-seriously-effectiveness-of-serious-games-and-their-features-in-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#4
Diana Tăut, Sebastian Pintea, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Miguel-Angel Mañanas, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of serious games (SGs) and their various features is inconsistent in the motor rehabilitation field, which makes evidence based development of SGs a rare practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of SGs in motor rehabilitation for upper limb and movement/balance and to test the potential moderating role of SGs features like feedback, activities, characters and background. METHODS: We ran a meta-analysis including 61 studies reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials (CTs) or case series designs in which at least one intervention for motor rehabilitation included the use of SGs as standalone or in combination...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523987/six-month-effects-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Corien Dm Nikamp, Jaap H Buurke, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To study the six-month clinical effects of providing ankle-foot orthoses at different moments (early or delayed) in (sub)acute stroke; this is a follow-up to a published trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic stroke subjects maximal six weeks post-stroke with indication for ankle-foot orthosis use. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to early (at inclusion; week 1) or delayed provision (eight weeks later; week 9)...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523357/lesion-location-associated-with-balance-recovery-and-gait-velocity-change-after-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients
#6
Hyun Im Moon, Hyo Jeong Lee, Seo Yeon Yoon
PURPOSE: Impaired gait function after stroke contributes strongly to overall patient disability. However, the response to rehabilitation varies between individuals. The aims of this study were to identify predictors of gait velocity change and to elucidate lesion location associated with change of balance and gait function. METHODS: We reviewed 102 stroke patients. The patients were divided into two groups according to gait ability post-rehabilitation, and we analyzed differences in their characteristics, such as demographic information, lesion factors, and initial balance function...
May 18, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521554/social-factors-predictive-of-social-integration-for-adults-with-brain-injury
#7
Elisabeth Batchos, Amanda Easton, Christopher Haak, Nicole Ditchman
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) may not only struggle with physical and cognitive impairments, but may also face challenges reintegrating into the community socially. Research has demonstrated that following ABI, individuals' social networks tend to dwindle, support may decline, and isolation increases. This study examined factors impacting social integration in a community-based sample of 102 individuals with ABI. METHODS: Potential predictors included emotional support, instrumental support, problem solving confidence, and approach-avoidance style (AAS) of problem solving, while controlling for age, gender, education, and time since injury...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516967/body-worn-triaxial-accelerometer-coherence-and-reliability-related-to-static-posturography-in-unilateral-vestibular-failure
#8
M Alessandrini, A Micarelli, A Viziano, I Pavone, G Costantini, D Casali, F Paolizzo, G Saggio
Since changes in vestibular function may be one cause of disequilibrium, major advances in measuring postural control and sensory integration in vestibular impairments have been achieved by using posturography. However, in order to overcome problems related to this type of technology, body-worn accelerometers (ACC) have been proposed as a portable, low-cost alternative to posturography for measurements of postural sway in a friendly and ecologic environment. Due to the fact that no study to date has shown the experimental validity of ACC-based measures of body sway with respect to posturography for subjects with vestibular deficits, the aim of the present study was: i) to develop and validate a practical tool that can allow clinicians to measure postural sway derangements in an otoneurological setting by ACC, and ii) to provide reliable, sensitive and accurate automatic analysis of sway that could help in discriminating unilateral vestibular failure (UVF) patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514873/unpacking-community-mobility-a-preliminary-study-into-the-embodied-experiences-of-stroke-survivors
#9
Christa S Nanninga, Louise Meijering, Klaas Postema, Marleen C Schönherr, Ant T Lettinga
PURPOSE: To enrich the discussion on mobility in stroke rehabilitation by translating theoretical repertoires of mobility from the context of geography to rehabilitation. METHOD: Qualitative research methodology was applied, and included in-depth interviews with stroke survivors. RESULTS: This study revealed: (a) social and material differences in clinical, private and public places; (b) ambivalences and shifting tensions in bodily, family and community life; (c) differences in access to resources to be used for mobility...
May 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514130/-measuring-adherence-to-self-care-guidelines-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-diabetic-ulcers-admitted-to-the-orthopedic-rehabilitation-department-at-tel-hashomer-hospital-during-2012-2013
#10
Sigal Ezra, Itzhak Siev-Ner, Itzhak Zaidise
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot is a devastating complication of diabetes and represents the major cause of lower limb amputations in the western world in the 21st century. The World Health Organization predicts a dramatic increase in the number of diabetes patients over the next decade and by the year 2025, their number is expected to increase to 300 million. AIMS: Examine whether training leads to improving performance in the built-in self-care guidelines in patients with type 2 diabetes who were hospitalized with diabetic ulcers in the Orthopedic Rehabilitation Ward in Tel Hashomer between the years 2012-2013...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505999/efficacy-of-a-combined-therapeutic-approach-in-the-management-of-pisa-syndrome
#11
Siria Di Martino, Elisa Unti, Caterina Tramonti, Sonia Mazzucchi, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Bruno Rossi, Roberto Ceravolo, Carmelo Chisari
BACKGROUND: Pisa syndrome (PS) represents an important source of disability in Parkinson's disease (PD). Currently no consensus has been reached on its definition or diagnostic criteria, and therapeutic approaches are unspecific and often futile. Recently the role of abdominal muscles, and in particular of the external oblique (EO), in the pathogenesis of PS was hypothesized. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of EO and propose a combined therapeutic approach in the management of PS...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505994/effect-of-three-dimensional-spine-stabilization-exercise-on-trunk-muscle-strength-and-gait-ability-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sung-Jun Moon, Tae-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional spine stabilization exercise can strengthen the trunk muscles with minimal spine movement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance three-dimensional (3D) system on trunk strength and gait abilities of chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-four chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 12) or control group (n = 12). The experimental and control groups performed spine stabilization exercise by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Bridge exercise thrice a week for 30 min per day for 7 weeks...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505988/intensive-seated-robotic-training-of-the-ankle-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-differentially-improves-gait
#13
Johanna L Chang, Regina Y Lin, Maira Saul, Philip J Koch, Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
BACKGROUND: Robotic driven treatment plans targeting isolated joints of the upper limb have improved the sensorimotor condition of patients with stroke. Similar intensive efforts to allay lower limb gait impairment have not been so successful. In patients with stroke, targeted robot assisted training of the ankle joint, in a seated position, has demonstrated significant alterations in ankle stiffness and foot-ankle orientation at foot strike which may provide a new treatment option for gait impairment...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503452/relation-of-urinary-retention-and-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-during-rehabilitation-program
#14
Seok Beom Son, Seong Yun Chung, Seok Kang, Joon Shik Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary retention and short-term functional recovery in subacute stage after stroke. METHODS: The medical records of 94 patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit of Korea University Guro Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The postvoid residual urine (PVR) was measured at least once a day using a bladder scan, and urinary retention (UR) was defined when the daily PVR volume consistently checked more than 100 mL...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503449/feasibility-of-rehabilitation-training-with-a-newly-developed-portable-gait-assistive-robot-for-balance-function-in-hemiplegic-patients
#15
Junhyun Sung, Sehoon Choi, Hyunbae Kim, Gyuhan Lee, Changsoo Han, Younghoon Ji, Dongbin Shin, Seunghoon Hwang, Deokwon Yun, Hyeyoun Jang, Mi Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feasibility of a newly developed, portable, gait assistive robot (WA-H, 'walking assist for hemiplegia') for improving the balance function of patients with stroke-induced hemiplegia. METHODS: Thirteen patients underwent 12 weeks of gait training on the treadmill while wearing WA-H for 30 minutes per day, 4 days a week. Patients' balance function was evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale (FMAS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) before and after 6 and 12 weeks of training...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503144/rigid-ankle-foot-orthosis-deteriorates-mediolateral-balance-control-and-vertical-braking-during-gait-initiation
#16
Arnaud Delafontaine, Olivier Gagey, Silvia Colnaghi, Manh-Cuong Do, Jean-Louis Honeine
Rigid ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) are commonly used for impeding foot drop during the swing phase of gait. They also reduce pain and improve gait kinematics in patients with weakness or loss of integrity of ankle-foot complex structures due to various pathological conditions. However, this comes at the price of constraining ankle joint mobility, which might affect propulsive force generation and balance control. The present study examined the effects of wearing an AFO on biomechanical variables and electromyographic activity of tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus muscles during gait initiation (GI)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500880/motor-functioning-differentially-predicts-mortality-in-men-and-women
#17
Marie Ernsth Bravell, Deborah Finkel, Anna Dahl Aslan, Chandra A Reynolds, Jenny Hallgren, Nancy L Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Research indicates gender differences in functional performance at advanced ages, but little is known about their impact on longevity for men and women. OBJECTIVE: To derive a set of motor function factors from a battery of functional performance measures and examine their associations with mortality, incorporating possible gender interactions. METHOD: Analyses were performed on the longitudinal Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA) including twenty-four assessments of motor function up to six times over a 19-year period...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489669/rasch-validation-and-comparison-of-slovenian-croatian-and-italian-versions-of-the-mini-bestest-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke
#18
Nika Goljar, Andrea Giordano, Tea Schnurrer Luke Vrbanić, Marko Rudolf, Ivanka Banicek-Sosa, Caterina Albensi, Helena Burger, Franco Franchignoni
We aimed to verify by Rasch analysis whether the Mini-BESTest, a balance measure, confirms its main psychometric properties in patients with subacute stroke undergoing rehabilitation in three different countries (Slovenia, Croatia, and Italy), and to examine the stability of item hierarchy and difficulty across the three national versions through a differential item functioning analysis. We investigated 159 patients with subacute stroke consecutively admitted to three rehabilitation facilities after screening for an intensive, tailored rehabilitation program...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489067/a-study-protocol-for-applying-user-participation-and-co-learning-lessons-learned-from-the-ebalance-project
#19
Anna Cristina Åberg, Kjartan Halvorsen, Ingrid From, Åsa Bergman Bruhn, Lars Oestreicher, Anita Melander-Wikman
The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488833/the-feasibility-of-an-exercise-program-for-individuals-12-months-post-stroke-in-a-small-urban-community
#20
David Jagroop, Amy Maebrae-Waller, Shilpa Dogra
BACKGROUND: There are few community-based exercise programs catering to individuals post-stroke, despite an increasing need. The primary objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of running a community-based exercise program for individuals post-stroke, and to provide a framework for local communities to run similar programs. METHODS: Individuals who had a stroke within 12 months of the start of the program were eligible to participate in a 9-week community-based exercise program...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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