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Liver sarcoidosis guidelines

Umer Syed, Hassan Alkhawam, Mena Bakhit, Rafael A Ching Companioni, Aron Walfish
Sarcoidosis is typically characterized as a non-caseating granulomatous disease that has the ability to affect multiple different organ systems. Although extra-thoracic sarcoidosis can occur in the presence and also without lung involvement, isolated extra-pulmonary disease is rare. The liver is the third most commonly affected organ system after the lungs and lymph nodes. When discussing hepatic sarcoidosis it is important to keep in mind that many patients in this population may not present as one would typically expect since most of the patients are asymptomatic or have mild presentations...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
C Tana, G Iannetti, P D'Alessandro, M Tana, A Mezzetti, C Schiavone
By observing the real-time behavior of focal liver lesions at three vascular phases (arterial, portal-venous, and late), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been successfully applied to differentiate benign from malignant hepatic nodules. In recent years, numerous studies highlighted the usefulness of CEUS also for other applications such as abdominal trauma, renal, pancreatic, thyroid, and inflammatory bowel diseases, supporting its role even in differentiating benign from malignant splenic nodules. Therefore, the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) recently updated the guidelines for the use of ultrasound contrast agents in clinical practice, pointing out the indication to characterize splenic parenchymal inhomogeneity or suspected lesions found on conventional ultrasound (BUS)...
2013: Journal of Ultrasound
Christian Rupp, Anne Mummelthei, Peter Sauer, Karl H Weiss, Peter Schirmacher, Adolf Stiehl, Wolfgang Stremmel, Daniel N Gotthardt
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease. It is known to be associated with immunological diseases (IDs), such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). AIM: We evaluated the presence of IDs besides IBD and AIH in a cohort of PSC patients, and its association with clinical outcome. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 195 PSC patients that were evaluated over the period 1987-2010 in our tertiary care centre...
January 2013: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
G J Bakker, Y C L Haan, L J Maillette de Buy Wenniger, U Beuers
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a non-caseating, granulomatous disease of incompletely understood aetiology that can affect nearly all organs including the liver. Hepatic involvement is thought to occur in 50-90% of patients but may remain undiagnosed in many cases. Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of sarcoidosis of the liver are lacking. Patients usually receive no treatment or are treated pragmatically with corticosteroids. However, treatment with systemic corticosteroids has had mixed results...
October 2012: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
O Kaye, C Ribbens, M F Kahn, M G Malaise
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder of unknown aetiology characterised by noncaseating granulomas leading principally to bilateral hilar lymphadenopathies, pulmonary infiltration and skin and eye lesions. Sarcoidosis may involve other organs, including peripheral lymph nodes, liver, spleen, nervous and musculoskeletal systems, heart, ear, nose and kidney. Although the clinical involvement of liver and heart is relatively uncommon, hepatic and cardiac granulomas are present at autopsy in about 70 to 80% and 25 to 50%, respectively, of patients with this disease...
June 1997: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
Giuseppe Brancatelli, Michael P Federle, Roberta Ambrosini, Roberto Lagalla, Alessandro Carriero, Massimo Midiri, Valérie Vilgrain
In this article, we present the CT and MR imaging characteristics of the cirrhotic liver. We describe the altered liver morphology in different forms of viral, alcoholic and autoimmune end-stage liver disease. We present the spectrum of imaging findings in portal hypertension, such as splenomegaly, ascites and varices. We describe the patchy and lacelike patterns of fibrosis, along with the focal confluent form. The process of hepatocarcinogenesis is detailed, from regenerative to dysplastic nodules to overt hepatocellular carcinoma...
January 2007: European Journal of Radiology
P Kraft, G Boden, U Gottschalk
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 57-year-old woman was admitted for investigation of intrahepatic calcifications. Intrahepatic cholangiolithiasis was suspected. In 1993 she underwent cholecystectomy because of lithiasis. The examination with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) was planned. INVESTIGATIONS: The laboratory findings were normal except for a mild elevation of alkaline phosphatase and gammaglutamyl transpeptidase. The sonographic examination of the abdomen showed multiple hyperechoic calcifications along non-dilated bile ducts...
October 15, 1999: Medizinische Klinik
S K Gupta, S K Dutta
In sarcoidosis, diagnosis rests on positive tissue biopsy in association with suggestive clinical features. In absence of guidelines in India, multiple biopsies (494 in total) were undertaken from 170 suspected and later proven cases of sarcoidosis. Involved tissues, Kveim test site, right scalene node, palpable peripheral lymph nodes and open pulmonary biopsy gave 80-100% positive result. (Perbronchial lung biopsy proved positive in India by other workers.) Mantoux test site, a rather unusual tissue, even if negative at 72 hours, may show positive granuloma in 64...
September 1996: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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