Read by QxMD icon Read

Selective friedel crafts

Heemal H Dhanjee, Yutaka Kobayashi, Jonas F Buergler, Travis C McMahon, Matthew W Haley, Jennifer M Howell, Koichi Fujiwara, John L Wood
Described herein are syntheses of the naturally occurring polyketides (-)-tetrapetalones A and C and their respective enantiomers. The employed strategy involves initial assembly of a masked N-aryl tetramic acid which is advanced via a highly selective conjugate addition/intramolecular Friedel-Crafts acylation sequence to deliver a key azepine intermediate. Application of recently developed C-H activation chemistry and subsequent Heck cyclization delivers the aglycone framework in an overall 12 steps. Resolution of the aglycone via stereospecific glycosylation with an enantiopure glycosyl donor followed by separation of the derived diastereomers enables further advancement to either (+)- or (-)-tetrapetalones A and C...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Zhengbao Xu, Li Chai, Zhong-Quan Liu
A free-radical-promoted aryl/heteroaryl C-H silylation using hydrosilane was developed. This cross-dehydrogenative silylation enables both electron-rich and electron-poor aromatics to afford the desired arylsilanes in unique selectivity. A "para-selectivity" was observed by examination of over 54 examples. This exceptional orientation is quite different from that in Friedel-Crafts C-H silylation or transition-metal-catalyzed dehydrogenative silylation.
September 29, 2017: Organic Letters
Minami Odagi, Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Kazuo Nagasawa
The enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-gracilamine (1) is described. The strategy features a diastereoselective phenolic coupling reaction followed by a regioselective intramolecular aza-Michael reaction to construct the ABCE ring system. The configuration at C3a in 1 was controlled by the stereocenter at C9a, which was selectively generated (91 % ee) by an organocatalytic enantioselective aza-Friedel-Crafts reaction developed by our research group. This synthesis revealed that the absolute configuration of (+)-gracilamine is 3aR, 4S, 5S, 6R, 7aS, 8R, 9aS...
September 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Susann Rath, Dirk Schepmann, Bernhard Wünsch
Since overactivation of NMDA receptors is associated with neurodegenerative disorders, the design and development of subunit-selective NMDA receptor antagonists are of great interest. In order to avoid the formation of quinone-like intermediates as starting point for degradation the benzylic OH group of the lead compounds 2 was replaced by an electron rich vinyl or homologous hydroxymethyl moiety. The Bi(OTf)3 catalyzed intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation of 9a represents the key step in the synthesis of 1-vinyl substituted tetrahydro-3-benzazepine 10...
July 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Ziyan Jia, Jiannan Pan, Daqiang Yuan
By introducing various N-containing compounds as efficient linkers, a series of hyper-crosslinked porous polymers with high surface areas and gas-uptake values were synthesized by using the Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction. Structural characterization indicated the presence of nitrogen atoms, and gas-sorption experiments revealed that the high gas uptake benefitted from the high surface areas and the incorporation of N-containing linkers as Lewis basic sites. Among these porous polymers, HCP-4 had the highest H2 uptake of 9...
August 2017: ChemistryOpen
Ting Zhang, Jianhan Huang
The polar modified hyper-cross-linked resins were synthesized by the suspension polymerization and Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction, and the effect of the feeding amount of the monomers (N-vinylimidazole and p-vinylbenzyl chloride) on the porosity and polarity were clarified. As the feeding amount of p-vinylbenzyl chloride decreased from 75% to 50% (w/w), the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of the resins lowered from 1306 to 436 m(2)/g, and the pore size distribution showed a large population of pores in micropores stretching to a higher percentage of mesopores...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Nina G Schmidt, Tea Pavkov-Keller, Nina Richter, Birgit Wiltschi, Karl Gruber, Wolfgang Kroutil
The Friedel-Crafts acylation is commonly used for the synthesis of aryl ketones, and a biocatalytic version, which may benefit from the chemo- and regioselectivity of enzymes, has not yet been introduced. Described here is a bacterial acyltransferase which can catalyze Friedel-Crafts C-acylation of phenolic substrates in buffer without the need of CoA-activated reagents. Conversions reach up to >99 %, and various C- or O-acyl donors, such as DAPG or isopropenyl acetate, are accepted by this enzyme. Furthermore the enzyme enables a Fries rearrangement-like reaction of resorcinol derivatives...
June 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Kohei Fuchibe, Hibiki Hatta, Ken Oh, Rie Oki, Junji Ichikawa
Activation of the sp(3) C-F bond in 2-trifluoromethyl-1-alkenes was accomplished through treatment with a Lewis acid. In the presence of an equimolar amount of EtAlCl2 , the (trifluoromethyl)alkenes readily underwent an SN 1'-type reaction with arenes through a Friedel-Crafts-type mechanism via elimination of a fluoride ion to afford 3,3-difluoroallylated arenes in good yields. This selective activation of one C-F bond of the CF3 group provides a synthetic method for accessing biologically and synthetically important 1,1-difluoro-1-alkenes...
April 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Mozhgan Bahrami, Xingwen Zhang, Morteza Ehsani, Yousef Jahani, Richard M Laine
Traditional electrophilic bromination follows long established "rules": electron-withdrawing substituents cause bromination selective for meta positions, whereas electron-donating substituents favor ortho and para bromination. In contrast, in the [PhSiO1.5]8,10,12 silsesquioxanes, the cages act as bulky, electron withdrawing groups equivalent to CF3; yet bromination under mild conditions, without a catalyst, greatly favors ortho substitution. Surprisingly, ICl iodination without a catalyst favors (>90%) para substitution [p-IC6H4SiO1...
July 11, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hong-Yu Chen, Meng Gou, Jiao-Bing Wang
Two endo-functionalized organic cages as oxyanion hole mimics were achieved via dynamic covalent chemistry, which exhibit good size selectivity, catalytic activity and broad substrate scopes for Friedel-Crafts reactions. The modular character of the synthesis provides an easy way to modify the size, shape and inner function of the molecular cavity.
March 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jeong-Min Seo, Loon-Seng Tan, Jong-Beom Baek
Popularly utilized oxidation media, via nitric acid/sulfuric acid mixtures, are too corrosive and oxidizing to preserve structural integrity of highly ordered graphitic materials (carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene). Here, for the most commonly used oxidation method, the important advantages of defect/edge-selective functionalization of carbon materials (CNTs/graphene/graphite) in a polyphosphoric acid (PPA)/phosphorous pentoxide (P2 O5 ) medium are elucidated. The optimized PPA/P2 O5 medium is a mild acid that is not only less corrosive than popularly utilized oxidation media, but also has a strong capability to drive Friedel-Crafts acylation by covalently modifying carbon materials...
May 2017: Advanced Materials
Hong-Dong Hao, Dirk Trauner
Two complex norditerpenoids, caribenols A and B, were accessed from a common building block. Our synthesis of caribenol A features the diastereoselective formation of the seven-membered ring through a Friedel-Crafts triflation and a late-stage oxidation of a furan ring. The first synthesis of caribenol B was achieved using an intramolecular organocatalytic α-arylation. An unusual intramolecular aldol addition was developed for the assembly of its cyclopentenone moiety, and the challenging trans-diol moiety was installed through a selective nucleophilic addition to a hydroxy 1,2-diketone...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Christopher A Discolo, Alexander G Graves, Donald R Deardorff
Two complementary strategies have been developed for the C- and O-allylation of phenols via a common π-allyl Pd complex. While O-allylation of phenols by this method is a well-recognized reaction of general utility, the associated para-selective C-allylation reaction is still in its infancy. Cationic π-allyl Pd intermediates, derived from allylic ester carbonates and palladium(0) catalyst, were found to undergo the Friedel-Crafts-type para-selective C-allylations with nine different phenols. Both C- and O-allylated products were obtained in good to excellent yields following a metal-catalyzed regio- and stereospecific substitutive 1,3-transposition...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hui Gao, Lei Ding, Hua Bai, Lei Li
Hyper-crosslinked polymers (HCPs) are promising materials for gas capture and storage, but high cost and complicated preparation limit their practical application. In this paper, a new type of HCPs (CTHPs) was synthesized through a one-step mild Friedel-Crafts reaction with low-cost coal tar as the starting material. Chloroform was utilized as both solvent and crosslinker to generate a three-dimensional crosslinked network with abundant micropores. The maximum BET surface area of the prepared CTHPs could reach up to 929 m(2)  g(-1) ...
February 8, 2017: ChemSusChem
Partha Samanta, Priyanshu Chandra, Sujit K Ghosh
Two hydroxy-functionalized hyper-cross-linked ultra-microporous compounds have been synthesized by Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction and characterised with different spectroscopic techniques. Both compounds exhibit an efficient carbon dioxide uptake over other gases like N2, H2 and O2 at room temperature. A high isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) has been obtained for both materials because of strong interactions between polar -OH groups and CO2 molecules.
2016: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Rashid Nazir, Anton J Stasyuk, Daniel T Gryko
A regioselective synthesis of naphtho[2,1,8-def]coumarins has been realized through a concise route that involves the intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction of benzo[f]coumarins. Tetracyclic, planar products were prepared starting from assembly of the suitably substituted coumarin via the Pechmann reaction of 2-naphthols with acetone-1,3-dicarboxylates, followed by an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction. In contrast to earlier report, the main product of the condensation reaction performed at 130 °C was the corresponding sulfonic acid and not the phenol itself...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Yingcheng Wang, Liang Jiang, Long Li, Jun Dai, Dan Xiong, Zhihui Shao
The first arylation strategy for the synthesis of enantioenriched propargylamines is disclosed. This approach, which is complementary to previous alkynylation and alkylation strategies, involves a C(sp(2) )-C(sp(3) ) bond formation, and is based on the first asymmetric Friedel-Crafts-type arylation reaction of C-alkynyl imines. Asymmetric Friedel-Crafts reactions with electron-deficient phenols, a longstanding unsolved challenge, have thus been realized for the first time, enabled by the combination of our recently introduced C-alkynyl N-Boc-protected N,O-acetals as electrophiles and chiral phosphoric acids as catalysts...
October 27, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Rosemary A Croft, James J Mousseau, Chulho Choi, James A Bull
The first examples of 3,3-diaryloxetanes are prepared in a lithium-catalyzed and substrate dependent divergent Friedel-Crafts reaction. para-Selective Friedel-Crafts reactions of phenols using oxetan-3-ols afford 3,3-diaryloxetanes by displacement of the hydroxy group. These constitute new isosteres for benzophenones and diarylmethanes. Conversely, ortho-selective Friedel-Crafts reactions of phenols afford 3-aryl-3-hydroxymethyl-dihydrobenzofurans by tandem alkylation-ring-opening reactions; the outcome of the reaction diverging to structurally distinct products dependent on the substrate regioselectivity...
November 2, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Raphaël Lafleur-Lambert, John Boukouvalas
The first enantioselective synthesis of the fungal metabolite (+)-O-methylasparvenone was achieved in eight steps and 22% overall yield from inexpensive 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde dimethyl acetal. Key steps include (i) early-stage asymmetric alkynylation of an aromatic aldehyde with a propiolate, (ii) intramolecular Friedel-Crafts acylation, and (iii) site-selective cleavage of an aryl methyl ether.
September 21, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Simona Musella, Veronica di Sarno, Tania Ciaglia, Marina Sala, Antonia Spensiero, Maria Carmina Scala, Carmine Ostacolo, Graciela Andrei, Jan Balzarini, Robert Snoeck, Ettore Novellino, Pietro Campiglia, Alessia Bertamino, Isabel M Gomez-Monterrey
We report the synthesis and antiviral activity of a new family of non-nucleoside antivirals, derived from the indole nucleus. Modifications of this template through Mannich and Friedel-Crafts reactions, coupled with nucleophilic displacement and reductive aminations led to 23 final derivatives, which were pharmacologically tested. Tryptamine derivative 17a was found to have a selective inhibitory activity against human varicella zoster virus (VZV) replication in vitro, being inactive against a variety of other DNA and RNA viruses...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"