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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#1
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792068/loneliness-life-satisfaction-and-psychological-distress-among-out-of-school-adolescents-in-a-nigerian-urban-city
#2
Friday E Okwaraji, Kenechukwu I Obiechina, Godwin C Onyebueke, Ogechukwu N Udegbunam, Godfrey S Nnadum
Loneliness is the feeling of distress that arises when an individual perceives his or her social relationships as being less satisfying than what is desired. Life satisfaction is a global assessment of an individual's quality of life based on his chosen criteria. This descriptive cross sectional study assessed loneliness, life satisfaction and psychological distress among 480 out of school adolescents using the UCLA loneliness scale, the Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and the General Health questionnaire...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791745/nursing-as-a-pathway-to-women-s-empowerment-and-inter-generational-mobility
#3
Sharon Brownie, Abdul Haq Wahedna, Nigel Crisp
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of nursing education on the intergenerational mobility of graduates of nursing upskilling programs. BACKGROUND: Challenges for low and middle-income countries include poverty and limited access to health, education, and social services compounded by workforce shortages, inequality, and female disempowerment. Little is known about the impact of nursing education on women's empowerment and intergenerational mobility in such settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791644/temporal-analysis-of-the-functional-status-of-older-people-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#4
Fabiana Ferraz Queiroga Freitas, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Isadora Queiroz Correa Garchet Furtado, Aline da Rocha Kallás Fernandes, Sônia Maria Soares
OBJECTIVE: To verify the profile and the functional status of older people living in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, from a temporal perspective. METHOD: This was a descriptive study with secondary analysis of data from the Health Indicator and Aging Policy Monitoring system (SISAP-Idoso - Sistema de Indicadores de Saúde e Acompanhamento de Políticas do Idoso) between 2000 and 2010. RESULTS: Over the analyzed period, there was a growth of older women, people older than 85 years, residents of urban areas, older people who live alone and who are not responsible for the household...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791476/identifying-county-characteristics-associated-with-resident-well-being-a-population-based-study
#5
Brita Roy, Carley Riley, Jeph Herrin, Erica S Spatz, Anita Arora, Kenneth P Kell, John Welsh, Elizabeth Y Rula, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Well-being is a positively-framed, holistic assessment of health and quality of life that is associated with longevity and better health outcomes. We aimed to identify county attributes that are independently associated with a comprehensive, multi-dimensional assessment of individual well-being. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study examining associations between 77 pre-specified county attributes and a multi-dimensional assessment of individual US residents' well-being, captured by the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789511/the-place-of-social-recovery-in-mental-health-and-related-services
#6
REVIEW
Shulamit Ramon
This article looks at the place of social recovery in mental health and social care services, alongside personal recovery. Despite its conceptual and practice centrality to the new meaning of recovery, social recovery has remained a relatively neglected dimension. This article attempts to provide an updated critical commentary based on findings from fifty nine studies, including a variety of research methodologies and methods. Definitions of social recovery within the new meaning of recovery are looked at. This is followed by outlining the development and significance of this dimension as reflected in the key areas of shared decision making, co-production and active citizenship, re-entering employment after experiencing mental ill health, being in employment, poverty and coping with poverty, the economic and the scientific cases for social recovery...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#7
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#8
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785958/association-between-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-particulate-matter-in-the-contiguous-united-states-1999-2004
#9
Tao Xue, Tong Zhu, Weiwei Lin, Evelyn O Talbott
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy harm both maternal and infant health and have been linked to ambient particulate matter. However, existing studies are restricted to a local scale and remain inconsistent. A large-scale study is required to enrich the epidemiological evidence and explore the potential sources of the inconsistency. Making use of US birth certificates (1999-2004), and monitoring data from the environmental protection agency air quality networks, we associated hypertensive disorders in pregnancy with maternal exposure to fine particles or coarse particles using logistic regression analysis after adjusting for many covariates among >5 million subjects in the contiguous United States...
May 21, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784225/nursing-diagnoses-of-the-homeless-population-in-light-of-self-care-theory
#10
Felicialle Pereira da Silva, Francisco de Assis Siqueira Paiva, Carolina Pereira Guedes, Iracema da Silva Frazão, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people find themselves in conditions of extreme poverty, which often makes living on the streets the only option. Living conditions in this setting exert a direct impact on health and self-care. Health care for the homeless population should be planned in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral manner. In this context, nursing diagnoses constitute an essential part of the systemization of care. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to identify nursing diagnoses of a homeless population and propose nursing interventions based on the findings in light of the Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783977/effective-coverage-of-essential-inpatient-care-for-small-and-sick-newborns-in-a-high-mortality-urban-setting-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nairobi-city-county-kenya
#11
Georgina A V Murphy, David Gathara, Jacintah Mwachiro, Nancy Abuya, Jalemba Aluvaala, Mike English
BACKGROUND: Effective coverage requires that those in need can access skilled care supported by adequate resources. There are, however, few studies of effective coverage of facility-based neonatal care in low-income settings, despite the recognition that improving newborn survival is a global priority. METHODS: We used a detailed retrospective review of medical records for neonatal admissions to public, private not-for-profit (mission) and private-for-profit (private) sector facilities providing 24×7 inpatient neonatal care in Nairobi City County to estimate the proportion of small and sick newborns receiving nationally recommended care across six process domains...
May 22, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782297/treatment-of-scabies-and-pediculosis-in-health-education-publications-and-folk-medicine-of-eastern-croatia-slavonija-baranja-and-western-srijem-county
#12
Ivanka Muršić, Igor Kuric, Marija Raguž, Tatjana Kovačević, Dora Muršić
Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781579/poverty-neighborhoods-persistent-stress-and-sle-outcomes-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patients-perspective
#13
Edward Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jared Bunde, Jinoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the perspective of individuals with SLE about the role of poverty, neighborhood, and chronic stress in SLE outcomes. METHODS: 723 persons with SLE were followed from 2003-2015 through annual structured interviews as part of the Lupus Outcomes Study to establish the effect of combinations of poverty, persistent poverty, living in an area of concentrated poverty, access to health care, and chronic stress on accumulated damage. We sampled 28 from the 723 on the basis of household income, geography, and outcomes in their last interview, and administered qualitative interviews to explore their perspectives on these factors on outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780766/racial-ethnic-differences-in-health-insurance-adequacy-and-consistency-among-children-evidence-from-the-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#14
Tulay G Soylu, Eman Elashkar, Fatemah Aloudah, Munir Ahmed, Panagiota Kitsantas
Background: Surveillance of disparities in healthcare insurance, services and quality of care among children are critical for properly serving the medical/healthcare needs of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in children's (0 to 17 years old) health insurance adequacy and consistency (child has insurance coverage for the last 12 months). Design and methods: We used data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n=79,474)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780285/collaborative-youth-mental-health-service-users-immigration-poverty-and-family-environment
#15
Lucie Nadeau, Vanessa Lecompte, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Annie Pontbriand, Cécile Rousseau
Background: This article examines the association between immigration, poverty and family environment, and the emotional and behavioral problems reported by youth and their family receiving mental health (MH) services within a collaborative care model in a multiethnic neighborhood. Method: Participants in this study were 140 parent-child dyads that are part of an ongoing longitudinal project looking at the association between individual, familial, social and organizational factors, and outcomes of youth receiving MH services in local health and social service organizations in the Montreal area...
May 2018: Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780018/overview-of-zoonotic-diseases-in-turkey-the-one-health-concept-and-future-threats
#16
Abdullah İnci, Mehmet Doğanay, Aykut Özdarendeli, Önder Düzlü, Alparslan Yıldırım
Zoonotic infections are globally important diseases and lead to huge economic losses in both low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes, illegal movement of animals and humans, regional civil wars, and poverty are predisposing factors for the emergence of zoonotic infections and their distribution worldwide; they are also a big threat for the future. In addition, environmental pollution and antimicrobial resistance are immense serious threats and dangers to prevent and control zoonotic infections...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776345/risk-behavior-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-prospective-study-of-121-830-patients-managed-in-rural-households-of-western-china
#17
Yuanyuan Liu, Xiang Liu, Hong Wen, Dan Wang, Xianmei Yang, Weiwei Tang, Yaxi Li, Tao Zhang, Min Yang
BACKGROUND: The management of severe mental disorder (SMD) patients in communities is an important initiative of healthcare reform in China. Yet the effects in terms of risk behavior of patients are unclear, particularly in rural areas. This study aims to examine high risk behaviors, changing trends, and possible associated factors among SMD patients in the rural areas of western China. METHODS: This analysis examined incidence rate (IR) of high risk behavior of 121,830 managed SMD patients in rural area of Sichuan province, based on data from the national system from 2006 to 2013...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#18
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773334/plague-bridging-gaps-towards-better-disease-control
#19
REVIEW
E D'Ortenzio, N Lemaître, C Brouat, P Loubet, F Sebbane, M Rajerison, L Baril, Y Yazdanpanah
After centuries of epidemics and more than a hundred years since the identification of the causative bacterium, very little is known about the plague dynamics in animal reservoirs, vectors and the changing vulnerabilities for humans. The recent plague epidemic in Madagascar in 2017 highlights these gaps existing within the knowledge of the disease dynamics, the factors influencing it, the performance of diagnostic tests and the best recommended treatment. As the eradication of plague will not be possible due to the widespread existence of the bacterium in wildlife, a One Health approach, drawing on animal, human and environmental health disciplines is needed to better control this poverty-related disease...
May 14, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771760/cutaneous-manifestations-of-nutritional-deficiency
#20
Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is a major global health issue. It is often thought of as a developing world problem and therefore, underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Cutaneous manifestations are often the initial presenting signs of nutritional deficiency. Early recognition is essential in timely initiation of the necessary interventions. This article will review pertinent cutaneous findings and systemic manifestations associated with common nutritional deficiencies...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
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